Mystery of Manu : Rig Veda Mystery No.8!


Research article Written by London swaminathan

Research Paper No.1589; Dated 19th January 2015


(I have already written about the mysteries in the Rig Veda under the titles Rig Veda Mystery  No. 1 to 7; Please read all the seven articles. This is No.8)

As a Hindu I make a vow (Sankalpa) before every religious ceremony at home in which I say in which part of the world, on which day from the beginning of universe the ceremony is performed. Hindus have the amazing custom of doing Sankalpa/ making a vow, before every ceremony. This vow covers a wider geographical area and wider ages- billions of years.


Since I live in London, when I do my Puja, “I say, On the Northern part of the Meru, in Europe Continent (Kande), in  London ( Ma Nagare), on the banks of  Thames( Thamasa Nathi thire) , In the era of Vaivaswatha ( under Vaiswatha Manvanthare)……. year, month,day, star (nakshatra) are all added……. I do this puja (offering) for XYZ……


This Vaivaswatha Manvanthare is part of 14 big divisions of time:-


15 day Dark half (Krishna Paksha+15 day bright half (sukla Paksha)= 1 month for us

North Ayana 6 months + South Ayana 6 months = 1 year for us.


but this is one day for the Devas in their world (Extra Terrestrial)

360 human years = 1 Deva year

1200 Deva Years = Kali Era (yuga)

2400 Deva Years = Dwapara Era (yuga)

3600 Deva Years = Treta Era (yuga)

4800 Deva Years = Krta Era (yuga)-Golden Age


Toal=12000 Deva years; also known as Chatur (Four) Yuga period


71 such Chatur Yugas make one Manvantara (Period of one Manu)

It will be 306,720, 000 human years.


14 such Manus rule the universe in one day of Brahma (Creator God of Hindus). Brahma has the full life span of one hundred years! Mind boggling calculation!

One Manu’s period is called a Manvantara! This is a cyclical process- never ending.


Great Floods (Pralaya) after every Manu

14 Manus!


Hindus believe that the seventh Manu is ruling the universe now.That is why Hindus who do religious ceremonies, say In Vaivaswata manvantare–  (at the time of Vaivaswata Manu) — in the Sankalpa.


So far the periods of six Manus







are over according to the Puranas!


But in the Rig Veda we come across the names of Tamasa, Uttama, Raivata, Cakshusa as historical  Manus!


Rig Veda Puzzle!


We have Manus coming one after one another within a short period of time and they are related to one another! There is no big gap in time between Manus. But  a logical explanation is possible.


In the days of the Rig Veda, Manu meant, a leader or a king. We have a few examples in Egypt and Crete. First king of Egypt was Menes/Narmer ( Manu alias Nara Meru). In Crete the King’s name was Minos. It simply meant King.  In Egypt and Mayan Civilizations the era started around our traditional Kaliyuga Date 3100 BCE. In Iranian tradition Narshish, brother of Yima, was called Minos. Minos of Crete and Iran, Menes of Egypt and Manu of Hindu mythology are all the same. It meant a leader or a king.English word MAN is also derived from Manu.Any king of a new dynasty might have had Manu as title. Like Indra, It might have been used in different ways. Indra is a natural force (Thunder/lightning/rain), Indra is a title, Indra was a great king, Indra can be used for even animals like Mrgendra (King of Animals), Kaghendra (King of Birds) and men Narendra (leader among men) etc.


Manava is the surname for all those born in the clan of Manu;following names are found in the Rig Veda:

Saaryaata Maanava RV 10-92

Cakshu Maanava 9-52, 9-106-4

Naabaanedishta Maanava- 10-59, 10-61-62

Manu AApasa – 9-5, 9-106-7

Manu Vaivasvata – 8-5, 8-27-31

Manu Samvrana 9-49, 9-101-10

Manyu Tapasa – 10-67, 10-83,84

Manyu Vaisstha 9-29, 9-97-10

Maanya Maitravaruna – 8-67


If we take Tapasa and Tamasa as one and the same, we have

Agni Tapasa and Agni Caksusa are in the list of Vedic seers. It is possible they simply had the names of great men (great Manus). The names show that Manus lived nearly at the same time.

Details regarding Manu differ from Purana to Purana. Linga Purana gives the names of colours for Manus such as White (Sveta), Krishna (black), Kapila, Dumra, Pisanga etc.


Swayambhu was the first Manu and Svarocisha, Uttama, Tamasa, Raivata were his sons according to some Puranas.


Definition of Manvantaras and Yugas also differs from book to book. Hinduism has a long history. So it is possible that different usages existed at different times. Apart from the mythological Manus, there may be people who bear the name Manu. If a person behaves  like a worthy leader then we call him Manu. Neta is leader in Hindi. Netaji is Subash Chandra Bose. It is a common noun and a proper noun as well. So it is possible to give names to your sons as Tamasa, Raivata, Uttama etc.


A patriot would have named his children as Gandhi, Subash, Tillak, Bharathy, Gokhale etc. if they were born at the time of Independence or just before that. In the same way Rig Vedic Rsis might have named them after famous Manus. We dont need to confuse mythological Manus with hsitorical Rig Vedic Manus!

In the Bhagavatha  Purana Priyavrata was called a Manu; in the Mahabharata, Prachedasa was called a Manu.


We have Rishis Manu Samvarana, Manu Apasava in the Rig Veda. Vayu Purana says there were 36 Manus. In short Manuship is kingship.


RV 9-47 mentioned Yayati Nahusa. This Yayati is not the Yayati, great grand son of Pururava. The name of the father of this Yayati was also Nahusa, But this Yayati is called Manava, i.e. son of Manu, in the Anukramani. According to this, Samvarana was the father of Manu. So the the lineage is

Samvarana — Manu— Nahusa– Yayati– Madhavi– Viswamitra and so on.


In short there were two Yayatis and two Nahusas.

D R Mankad in his book Puranic Chronology has calculated the date of Vaivaswatha Manu. Following are the dates arrived at by Mr Mankad


Date of Manu Vaivaswatha – 5976 BCE

Date of Mahabharata War – 3 201 BCE

Date of Yudhistra’s Death – 3176 BCE


Vedic Index of Keith and Macdonell gives a different picture about Manu,

“Manu in the Rig Veda (RV) and later has no claim to historical relaity. He is simply the first man, father of the race, and its guide in all its matters, sacrificial and other. Hence the views of the texts on inheritance are foisted on Manu and his youngest son Nabanedishta.He also plays the part of hero in the Vedic legend of the flood.


Manu is called Vivasvan or Vaivasvata, son of the God Vaivasvant; Savarnin, descendant of Savarna and Samvarani, descendant of Samvarana. The first name is,  of course mythical . The other two have been regarded historical, Savarni being taken by Ludwig as a king of the Turvasa, but this is very doubtful”.


Manu in RV: 1-80-16, 2-33-13, 7-63-1, 10-100-5; AV 14-2-41. Then we have references in Taittiriya, Kathaka samhitas and Satapata Brahmana.

Nabhanedishtha: Taittiriya Samhita: 3-9-1-4; Aitareya Brahmana 5-14-1-2


Samvarani is found in the RV (8-51-1) ,where it naturally seems to be a patronymic (descendant of Samvana) of Manu”.

–Vedic Index by Keith and Macdonell

My comments: Keith and Macdonell are wrong.Since they couldn’t find any eidence or logical explanation, they considered it false. The story about Manu is in the Bible and Zend Avesta.


A.Kalyanaraman in his book Aryatarangini says,

“Nabah = Biblical Noah, Nedishta means literally next or nearest to Manu. Nabanethishta is Manu’s son according to Hindu scriptures.Sumerian story says that Naphistim is said to be descendant of Shamash (Sun) who was the first creation God. Zoroastrian Avesta contains the same name Naba Nezdishtim, as that of an ancient prophet of the Asuras, who defied the Deva worshipers. Mr. Kalyanaraman argues that the story of Floods has travelled to Sumer through commercial contacts and it was later used in the Bible.


The Avesta has the Manu legend.Persians, Sumerians and the Bible used the Hindu story.



Leave a comment


  1. Govindaswamy

     /  January 19, 2015

    Dear Mr Swaminathan

    I think that North Pole is Meru and Bharathakanda (நாவலந்தீவு) is Asia. If you are interested I can send you anarticle written by me to substantiate this.




  2. Yes, Mr Govindasawamy. There are two interpretations. One is the Himalayas and the other is North Pole.
    In my Norwayil thirunelveli brahmanan series articles, it is explained clearly. He has named his book as Mahameru Yaththirai, which narrates his trip to North Pole (Norway etc)
    Hope you have read those articles. I also wrote another article about Kumeru, Pameru, Meru etc., in which Kanchi Pramacharya expalins Kumeru, Maha Meru etc.

    Theoretically speaking anyone travelling from North Pole can go only towards South. Anyone travelling
    from South Pole can travel only towards south.
    But if you stand above the (earth) pole then we can say this is east,this is north etc. But there is no east or west in space!!!

    so my point is if it is North Pole that is told in the Sankalpa, then there is no need to say Mero: Uttarasya Parsve………….

    As a science student I enjoyed Russian book “Physics for Entertainment”, “Astronomy for Entertainment” by Ya.Peralman (NCBH Publications).He explains that any one travelling from North Pole can go towards only one direction– South!

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: