Interesting Stories from Mithila, Sita’s Birth Place (Post No.5190)

Sita Mandir, Janakpur, Nepal.

COMPILED  by London swaminathan


Date: 7 JULY 2018


Time uploaded in London –   7-17 am  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5190


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.


There are many interesting stories about the City of Mithilaa.
The most famous story is from the Upanishad about the philosopher king Janaka discussing the meaning of the Veda when Mithila was on fire.
Janaka was not only a great king and a great sacrificer but also a great patron of culture and philosophy. His court was adorned with learned Brahmanas from Kosala and Kuru Panchala regions. Some of them are named , Asvala, Jaratkarva, Artabhaga Miss Garki Vacaknavi, Uddalaka Aruni, Vidagdha Sakalya and Kahoda Kausitakeya A Brahmin named Brahmayu who was well versed in history, grammar and worldly wisdom lived in Mithilaa.

In the Mahabharata,12-17, there is a saying attributed to Janaka of Mithilaa. Seeing his city burning in a fire the king of Mithilaa sang thus
“In this world, nothing of mine is burning
Mithilaayaam pradtaayaam na me dahyati kincana”


But there are other stories not that popular.
Mithilaa was the capital of the kingdom of Videha also called Tirabhkti, modern Tirhut.

Mithila has been identified with the modern Janakapura, a small town within the Nepal border.

During the reign of Janaka, it took Visvamitra together with Rama and Lakshmana four days to reach Mithilaa from Ayodhyaa to. On the way they rested for one night at Visala (Valmiki Ramayana)

(My comments: the road distance today is 450 kms. They must have travelled by a short cut route and they could have walked at least 50 miles a day or by horse ride it is quicker)
According to Satapata Brahmana, Videha was so named after Madhava, the Videha who colonised it. Videha was famous for handsome people and horses of noble breed


Narendra Modi in Janakpur, Nepal.
Mahabharata on Mithilaa
Bhima and Arjuna visited it with Krishna on his way from Indraprastha to Rajagriha.

Mahabharata points out that Karna conquered  Mithilaa during his digvijaya.


Jain literature on Mithilaa
Mahavira 24th Tirthankara of Jainism Mahavira was born in Videha and he lived there for thirty years. He was called Videha and his mother was called Videhadattaa.


Story of Nimi
Vasisthta having performed a fire sacrifice of Indra proceeded to Mithilaa to commence a sacrifice for King Nimi. On reaching there he came to know that the king had engaged Gautama to perform the sacrificial rites. Seeing the king asleep he cursed him thus king Nimi will be bodiless. (Videha =vigata Deha) because he rejected me. The king on awakening cursed Vasistha saying that he too would perish as he cursed a sleeping king.
The sages churned the body of Nimi and as a result of the churning a child was born, afterwards known as Mithi. After Mithi, Mithilaa was named and the kings were called Maithilas.
This is in Vishnu Purana

Jataka stories
MIthila had at each of it’s four gates a market town. They formed for suburban towns. Videha contained 16000 villages 16000 store houses and 16000 dancing girls.


A disciple of the Buddha who was an inhabitant of Sravasti took cart loads of articles and went to Videha for trade. There he sold his articles and filled the carts with articles got in exchange.

King Videha had four sages to instruct him in law. The son of this king was educated at Taxila. A young named Pinguttara living in Mithilaa went to  Taxasiila and studied under a famous teacher. He soon completed his education. Then after diligent study he proposed to take leave of his teacher and go back home. But in the teacher’s family there was a custom if there be any daughter ripe for marriage, she should be given to the eldest pupil. So the teacher said,
I shall give you my daughter and you shall take her with you. He went home as a married man.

Sumedha and Buddha

Sumedha, a childless widow of Suruchi, king of Mithilaa prayed for a son. She took the eight fold vow (Ashtasiilaani), and sat meditating upon the virtues. Sakka  in the guise of a sage came to fulfil her desire. He was entreated by her to grant her the boon of a son. She was asked by him to sing her own praises in fifteen stanzas, which she did to his satisfaction. Afterwards she was blessed with a child.

Videha was ruled by Cedaga, Mahavira’s maternal uncle. He was an influential leader of Lichchavi confederacy. His daughter Cellanaa or Vaidehi was married to Srenika Bimbisara of Magadha and became the father of Kunika Ajatasatru

XX x

Vedas mentioned a king named Namiisaapya
600000 pieces a day!
King Saadhina of Mithilaa lived in happiness for many years. He ruled this city righteously. Six alms halls were built by him. Daily sixth thousand pieces were spent in alms.
Bodhi sattvaavadana kala of Kshemendra refers to Mithilaa ruled by Pusphadeva who had two pious sons named Chandra and Surya. The munificent king Vijitavi of Mithilaa was banished from his kingdom. He took shelter in a leaf hut near the Himalayas. Mithilaa was governed by the descendants of a Nagadeva, Sagaradeva, and Mahadeva
3000 Kings of India!!!

Sita Stamp.

Some time back I started posting the names of 3000 Kings of India. After 1500 plus, kings I got one here and one there. So I stopped posting them Here in  Mithilaa, we come across following new names:

Mostly from Jataka stories


King Saadhina,
Namisaapya, Vedic index I, 436
Cedaga, jain sources
King Angati,
King Mahadeva (Madhva)
King Pabhata
King Suruci


(other kings are already covered in the Purana list of Kings)
Brahmadatta, king of Benares, had a daughter named Sumedha whom he declined to give in marriage to a Videha king who had large number of wives, fearing that her cowives wold make herself life miserable. Polygamy appears to have been in vogue among some Videha kings.


Source- India Antiqua, Leyden, 1947

Xxx SUBHAM xxx

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