Guru Gobind Singh (Govinda Simhan)
Guru Nanak Ji


Post No. 8173

Date uploaded in London – 14 June 2020       

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Not many people knew that the Ten Sikh Gurus respected Hindu gods and Hindu saints. Pranava mantra AUM and holy name of Lord Rama are in Sikh religion’s holy book Adi Granth.

Here are some interesting facts :-

In the Holy scripture of Sikhs, Shri Guru Granth Sahib, the word “Rama” is used 2533 times .The most frequently used word is “Hari” ;It is used 8344 times. The word “Gobind” is used 475 times. The word “Murari” is used 97 times.

Of the ten Gurus , three were killed by Muslim rulers.

All the attributes given to God in the Granth Sahib, are in Hindu Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita.

Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism, who lived 500 years ago , has sung the glory of OM in (G.929, 930)

Sikhs believe in one formless god which is in Rig Veda (RV 1-164) and in the Upanishads.

Though One God is praised by the Sikhs, Holy Granth Sahib has all the Hindu beliefs such as

Suri Nara (G.775),

Devate kodi tetise (G.1079)

Tritia Brahma Bisanu Mahesa (G.839).

They believe in Punya, Papa, Karma theory and Rebirth.

Yama, Yama Dhuta and Yamadanda appear in Granth.

Mechanical recitation of Vedas without understanding the inner meaning is criticised both by Viveka Chudamani of Adi Shankara and Adi Granth.

Hindus’ Brahma Sutra says ‘God is not in any symbol (4-1-4)’ .That shows idol worship is not essential in Hinduism; it is only a step, particularly prescribed for people at lower levels.


Sikhs also praise Hindu Avatars of Vishnu.

Sunnahu upaje dasa avatara (G.1038)- declares Guru Nanakji praising Ten Avatars of Lord Vishnu.

Assuming the form of a child , you killed Kamsa, Keshi, Kuvalayapeeda- says Guru Ramdas (G.606).

Guru Arjun Dev enumerates various Avatars (G.1082)

Story of Prahalad is mentioned several times . This shows the sanctity and respect shown to Narasimha Avatara .

Guru Govind Singh, the tenth and last Guru wrote Ramavatara, Krishnavatara and Chobis Avatara.

Guru Govind  Sing in his autobiographical Bachitra Natak says that the Bedis (Guru Nanak clan) and the Sodhis (his own clan) originated respectively from Kusha and Lava, the sons of Rama.

–facts collected from Organiser article dated 21-08-2005


From Wikipedia:–

Bhai Mati Das is one of the greatest martyrs in Sikh history, martyred at Chandni Chowk at Delhi in November 1675 to save Hindu Brahmins.


From Encyclopaedia of Sikhism

(following notes were taken by me on 3-10-1994)

Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Holy book, also known as Adi Granth was made ‘the Guru’ in 1708. Before that there were Ten Gurus . They are

Guru Nanak until 1539 CE

Guru Angad – 1539-1552

Guru Amar Das 1552-1574

Guru Ram Das  1574-1581

Guru Arjun Dev   1581- 1606

Guru Har Gobind  (Hari Govinda) – 1606-1645

Guru Har Rai – 1645- 1661

Guru Har Krishan (Hari Krishnan) 1661-1664

Guru Tej Bahadur 1664- 1675

Guru Gobind Singh 1675- 1708

Vaishnavite names dominate in the above list . Average life of Guruhood 20 years.



The Holy Book of Sikhs, Adi Granth was compiled by Guru Arjun Dev. It was completed in 1604 and installed in the Golden Temple at Amritsar, Punjab. The second version was made by Guru Gobind Singh, who included his father Tej Bahadur’s hymns. He declared that there wont be any more Gurus, but the Holy Granth.

In the Granth there are contributions from 36 saints.

Nearly 6000 shahads/verses are in the book. Verses from Brahmins, Jats, Shudras, Kshatrias and six Sikh Gurus are in it.

Important saints and their contribution of Shahads:-

Guru Nanak -974, Guru Angad- 62, Guru Amardas- 907, Guru Ram Das 679, Guru Arjun Dev 2218, Guru Tej Bahadur 115.

From other saints (not Sikhs)-

Kabir 541, Namdev 61, Surdas 1


Languages in the Granth

Sanskrit, Prakrit, Persian, Arabic and Marathi

Pages in the printed version – 1430 pages;

Total sections – 33.

First section – Inspiring song of Guru Nanak called Japji and a few selected Paudis;

Last section- collection of assorted verses  with slokas and the Swayyas of Bhatts.

31 ragas are used to sing the hymns.

(Please see the attached list)



Ik Omkar constitute the most significant words in Sikhism as they define god and lay the foundation for Sikh theology.

The word Onkar is derived from the Sanskrit word OM which consists of three syllable sounds representing the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Omkar therefore is God in his entirety. The word IK means one. It emphasizes the oneness of God which is a basic tenet of Sikhism.

Ik Onkar are the first two words of the Mul Mantra and indeed the first two words of Adi Granth.

–Encyclopaedia of Sikhism

tags —Adi granth, guru granth sahib, om, Hindu gods, Sikhism, Ragas in Adi Granth

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