Acoustic Marvel of Madurai Temple

( Based on Madurai ‘Indian Express’ News Report on 30th July 1981)

Ancient Tamils have used the principles of “vibration of bodies” in constructing musical pillars in Madurai Meenakshi Temple, according to a study made by a team of ENT specialists in Tamil Nadu on the acoustic beauty of this glorious temple.


The sculptors have cleverly varied the length and diameter of the pillars to obtain different musical sounds choosing the right type of stone. By using the same stone, but by varying the shape, they were able to achieve it.

Besides the medical team led by Dr S Kameswaran, Project Director and Chief of the ENT institute in General Hospital, Madurai, geologists, musicologists and audiologists took part in the research. HRCE of Tamil Nadu Government funded this research project.


The study team is of the view that the temple is an ‘acoustic marvel’. The noise level at the Ashta Sakthi Mandapam situated near the road was only 40 decibels during non visiting hours. Near the Lotus Tank and adjoining sanctum sanctorum (Garba Gruha), the sound level is again in the order of 40 DB. With this ambient noise it is possible for a person to contemplate and meditate the divinity. The sound level recorded during the peak hours in the evening is of the order of 70 to 80 DB. What is remarkable is there is absolutely no echo in any part of the temple and even with all the crowd around, the sound level seldom exceeds 80DB. There is built in mechanism for containing the echo and at the same time, the total noise does not exceed a specific level.


The artisans who built this huge temple must have been aware of the basic principles of acoustics. The huge icons on the unpolished pillars, the distribution of vents, the allocation of open spaces all around, are all mechanisms to contain the noise level, says the study team.

Again, the Hall of Thousand Pillars is a classical example of perfect sound engineering technique. The hall has got very low ceiling with 985 pillars—each pillar averaging about 12 feet in height. All are exactly of the same size and shape and at mathematically accurate positions. Many can sit in this echo resistant hall to hear the entire proceedings in quietitude.


The team which also studied the architectural beauty of the Meenakshi Temple saw an interesting feature of the floor in Kambaththadi Mandapam in the outer prakaram (corridor)  in front of the Lord Sundareswarar. One finds large square slabs arranged from end to end covering conduits carrying drinking and drainage water separately and admired the perfect example of hygienic planning of the ancient architects. Even in recent times, with heavy downpour, one seldom sees stagnation of water inside the Mandapam.



Contact (Pictures are used from other websites. Thanks)

Musical Pillars in Hindu Temples

Picture of Hampi Temple with Musical Pillars.

Pictures are taken from other websites. Thanks.

Hindu Temples of India are architectural wonders. Each sculptor has shown his genius in the temple sculptures and carvings in his own way. Every temple has something to boast about. Modern engineers marvel at Indian temples and wonder how they built without the modern tools thousand years ago. Temples like Madurai Meenakshi temple contain thousands of statues.


South Indian temples stand unique in certain aspects. The Nayak kings of Vijayanagara Empire made unique contribution to art and architecture of South India in the past. Musical pillars found in five or more temples are Nayak’s contribution. The most famous Musical Pillars are in Sri Vittala Temple in Hampi in Karnataka. There are musical pillars in Madurai Meenakshi Temple, Nellaiyappar Temple in Tirunelveli, Thanumalayan Temple in Suchindrum and Adhinathar temple at Alwartirunagari in Tamil Nadu.

Musical Pillars are standing testimony to Hindu art. The sculptors have invested their sculptural and musical skills in them. Sri Vijaya Vittala temple was built in 15th century. It has got 56 musical pillars also known as SAREGAMA  pillars. Sa, Re, Ga, Ma are four of the seven musical notes.

Scores of articles, books and research papers have been written on these pillars. H.A.Patil has submitted one research paper on Hampi temple. Following is the gist:


“ In this paper, we present the spectral analysis of the sound recorded from a musical pillar at Vitthala temple, Hampi – a world heritage site in Karnataka. The pillars in this temple have musical columns which produce sounds of different musical instruments when struck with a thumb (i.e., a kind of impulse-like excitation). The sound recorded from a pillar is found to produce bell-like sound. In addition, an analysis is presented to model dynamics of such columns in a pillar to find the flexural frequencies along with its eigenmodes. It was observed that there is close correlation between spectral (i.e., resonance) characteristics of bell-like sound from pillar and actual bell sound. The measured frequencies of pillar have also been found to be in close agreement with flexural frequencies derived from Euler-Bernoulli beam model and energy separation algorithm (ESA) based on Teager’s energy operator. This model correctly predicts the resonant frequencies of the bell-like sound from the musical columns of the pillar”.

In the Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli there are four  musical pillars. They have a central pillar around which there are 48 small cylindrical pillars of varying girth. When they are taped they give different sounds. When pillar is tapped, there are sympathetic vibrations from the neighbouring pillars.

In the Thanumalayan temple at Suchibram, there are four musical pillars. The central pillar is surrounded by 24 or 33 small pillars.

In the Adhinathar temple at Alwartirunagari, tow musical pillars are found.

Picture of Musical Pillars in Tirunelveli Temple

Madurai Meenakshi Temple is considered one of the 100 Wonders of the world ( Please read my post THE WONDER THAT IS MADURAI MEENAKSHI TEMPLE). The five musical pillars inside the temple are known to many. They are monoliths. Large central pillar is surrounded by 22 small pillars.

There are small pillars in Sivan Koil of Shenbagarama Nallur near Nanguneri in Tail Nadu.  They emit the sound of conch or horn if wind is blown in to the holes.

Please read about the Stone Nagaswaram of Alwartiru Nagari temple and Ivory nagaswaram of Tiruvarur temple in my earlier article 100 WONDERS OF TAMIL NADU. One foot long stone nagaswaram of this temple is made of granite. It has got seven notes.


Mr K K Pillai has written about Suchindram musical pillars in depth in his book on the Thanumalayan temple. He gives the follwig details:

“The two northern groups present each a cluster of 24 pillars, while the southern ones present each a cluster of 33. A striking feature is that all the pillars of each group, together with the exquisitely carved turret at the top of each group are chiselled out of a single rock of granite. A tap on each of the pillars in a group produces different sound”. He added that the quality of sound is not as good as Tirunelveli Musical pillars.


Medical Team’s Study of Meenakshi Temple Musical Pillars

A study team led by Dr S Kameswaran, Chief of the Ent Institute in the Madurai General Hospital has analysed the musical pillars in the above temples in 1981( Indian Express news report ,July 30, 1981).The cluster of pillars carved out of a huge block of resonant stone was played upon with two sticks, provided with a hard striking knob at the ends. The performers stood on opposite sides and played on pillars. Solo music as well as accompaniment was provided by them. Rhythmic accompaniment was given to performances of dance by playing jatis, hols on them; The tone colou of the notes emanating from the pillars resembles the tone colour of the ‘Thala Alangaram’.


The peak of excellence has been reached at the musical pillars in Suchindram. The study of these pillars with a high fidelity tape-recorder, wooden plant and inch tape included physical measurement of the pillar, sound recording and analysis and identifying modal points. The analysis of the rock sample (from the pillars) was done at the geology department of Presidency college, Chennai. According to Geology Professor Dr Subramanina, the rock rich in silica, is fairly abundant in Hospet near Hampi in Karnataka.

A book has been published by a research scholar on Music Pillars in Temples ( in English) long ago.






Book Review


By Santhanam Nagarajan

“If the brain were so simple that we could understand it, we would be so simple we couldn’t” – so said Emerson M.Pugh.

Brain is a mystery. The brain is a wonderful organ. Scientists are amazed on seeing the complexities of the brain. Earlier the brain was used to compare with the computer. Now scientists have come to the conclusion that it is beyond anybody’s imagination and could not be compared with computer that simply process, store, and route information.


The book Maximum Brainpower by Shlomo Breznitz and Collins Hemingway is worth reading. Each and every page of this book is giving some new information based on scientific studies. Who would not like to enhance his/her brainpower?

The readers will be benefitted by the ‘lessons in Brainpower’ given by the authors at the end of the chapters.

Shlomo Breznitz is the founder of Cognifit, a company devoted to the goal of improving cognitive fitness. Collins Hemingway is a writer and technologist.


The book has five major parts and consists of 18 chapters in total.

We are struck with wonder when we come to know that the experts know nothing. John brought millions of dollars in profits every month to his company by buying and selling U.S.Dollars against the German Mark. After sitting idle for many days suddenly bought eight million marks one day and the value of the mark went up. The author who was asked to study the secret behind the success of John asked him why a bet was made at that particular moment!


The answer was,” I suddenly felt”. This feeling is always behind the success of experts. Breznitz conclude that the experts have no idea as to how they do and what they do! And expert systems are themselves problematic if the goal is to match human thinking and behavior!

The Human Brain is unique. The thinking process is matchless!


A number of interesting studies and their results revealed in the book make our eyes wide open! For example note this result of an extensive study. People who have gone to college have one-third the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s or another frightening, degenerative brain disease compared to everyone else. People who have a higher education decrease their risk of dementia by two-thirds!

The authors throw light on I.Q. and cognition. People who challenge their brains throughout life do better than those who do not!


Cognitive reserve which offset the effects of the brain disease could be developed through education, engaging work, and other taxing mental challenges in our lives.

Train your mind. Mental training (learning) will increase brain weight, blood supply, and the number of branches that neurons have. It also physically builds brain and helps to keep it healthy.

Daily life does not provide enough stimulation and hence we need regular exercise for brain.


Take any page of the book, you will find a very valuable suggestion to enhance your brainpower. The facts are enumerated with authority.

All men and women who would like to lead a very successful life with cognitive abilities should own this book and practice the suggestions given by Breznitz and Hemingway.

The books are of two types. First type- read and throw it away. Second type – keep it with you forever. This book is of the second type and I very strongly recommend everybody to get it immediately

Medical Evidence for Kumbhakarna’s Long Sleep

Picture: Kumbhakarna in Kumbhakarna Gardens in Penukonda.


Ramayana Wonders 7:

Medical Evidence for Kumbhakarna’s Long Sleep

Did Kumbha karna suffer from Sleeping Beauty Syndrome, a rare medical condition? Was it a rare sleeping disease? Is there any parallel in medical history?

Yes, there is medical evidence. Read further……

Kumbhakarna, brother of Ravana and son of Visravas and Kaikasi, is a very interesting character in the great Hindu epic Ramayana. He is a 50-50 character. Good and bad qualities mixed together. He slept for six months and was wide awake for another six months. He gave proper advice to Ravana and Vibheeshana. His character was the model for Gulliver’s Travels of Jonathan Swift. If a Hindu child reads Gulliver’s Travels today it will feel it is copied from Kumbhakarna character( I have already written in another post that even the smallest shape of Gulliver is taken from an Indian folk tale).

The interesting aspect of Kumbhakarna’s life is his sleeping pattern. There is a story behind it. He prayed to Brahma for Indra Asana (seat of Indra) but when Brahma actually appeared before him his tongue twisted and asked for Nidra Asana (ever sleeping place/seat).Brahma granted it. There is another version  as well. Kumbhakarna wanted  Nirdevatvam (annihilation of Devas), but ended with Nidratvam (permanent sleep). Whatever the boon may be, we know for sure he slept for a longer period.

Hinduism is based on Truth. Even Gods obey the rutham/truth (Rhythm, Truth etc came from Sanskrit rutham). Once a boon is given it cannot be taken back. There is an in built exit strategy. When Kumbhakarna prayed to Brahma to change it he changed it to six month sleep, six month no -sleep period.

Rip Van Winkle of Washington Irving’s story slept for 20 years and woke up. He missed the American Revolution, the death of his wife, marriage of his daughter and the birth of his grandson. Rabbi Honi slept for 100 years according to Jewish scriptures. Kumbhakarna was very different from these characters. His sleep fell in to a pattern. He became violent if his sleep was disturbed. Enormous efforts were needed to wake him up. They need to bring army of musicians, battalions of elephants, truck loads of food and weapons to get him out of the slumber.

Ravana wanted his help because all his lieutenants were routed. First he chided Ravana for keeping Rama’s wife Sita in custody, but later promised to fight on his side. He killed many on Rama’s side but ultimately got killed by Rama’s arrow. He died as a hero.

Picture of Kumbhakarna statue in Indonesia.

Sleeping Beauty Syndrome

What was his medical condition? It is not coma, because there was a pattern in his sleep. Was it a syndrome? May be something like the Sleeping Beauty Syndrome reported in London News papers:

A rare sleep disorder made Lois Wood sleep for 44 days at a time. 14 year old Lois of Stevenage near London suffers from Sleeping Beauty Syndrome and Kleine- Levin Syndrome, which affects just 65 people in Britain. Lois can fall  asleep anytime. Such sleeping episodes make her violent. She suffers also from zombie like trances where she bangs her head on walls and attacks her family. Once a promising basket ball player, Lois, now needs constant care as she can sleep at any time—but no memory of  her attacks.

Picture of 14 year old Lois Wood who slept for 44 days.

Anyone who reads this will sympathise with Lois and Kumbhakarna. Who knows? Kumbhakarna might have suffered from similar syndrome. Had the western medical men knew Kumbhakarna’s condition, they would have named this condition ‘Kumhakarna Syndrome’.

Read my earlier posts:

(1). Ramayana Wonders Part-1 (2). Ramayana Wonders Part 2 :How many miles did Rama walk? (3) Ramayana Wonders Part 3: Rama and Sanskrit G’ramma’r  (4) Part 4: Who can read all 300 Ramayanas? (5) Ramayana Wonders part 5: Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana (6) Ramayana Wonders 6: Aladdin’s magic in Valmiki Ramayana (7) Largest Story Collection in the World.

She can fall at sleep anytime anywhere.

Contact London Swaminathan at:


Hindus invented Calling Bell !


Picture:  500 year old Tamil Bell at Te Papa Museum, New Zealand


Hindus invented the Calling Bell !

Who invented the Calling Bell? My research shows that Tamil Hindus have invented it 2000 years ago. We have two stories to confirm my finding. Though encyclopaedias give names of different inventors for mechanical and electrical bells at door steps, the idea came from Tamil Hindus according to the available literary evidence.

Many of us know that a 500 year old Tamil bell was discovered in New Zealand. It is now in Te Papa Museum in Wellington, New Zealand. William Colenso, A missionary, had found this bell used by Maori tribes as a cooking vessel. When the inscription was read by Tamils, it said Mohideen Buk ship’s bell. A Tamil Muslim trader had used it in his ship. From the orthography of the inscription we came to know it must be 500 year old.


Palace Bell Miracle

Manu Neethi Cholan was a famous Choza king who ruled from Tiruvarur in Tamil Nadu. Manu Neethi Cholan means a Chola who followed Manu Smriti, the Hindu law maker. Lot of Tamil epigraphs and copper plate inscriptions also praised Tamil kings as strict followers of Manu Smriti. This Chola was so just he even killed his own son on the basis of a  complaint from a COW!

Manu Neethi Chola hung a Calling Bell at the entrance of his palace. Anyone who had a grievance can go to the palace and ring the calling bell. But nobody used the bell for long, because the king was so just and there were no grievance at all. One day the prince went through the streets in his chariot. He was careless in his driving and he ran over a calf and killed it. The mother of the calf ran to the palace and rang the bell! Immediately the king and ministers came out and found out what happened. The king killed his son under the chariot to punish his son and himself by Putra soham (bereavement through the loss of a son). This was the first use of calling bell in history.

Picture: Manu Neethi Cholan statue at Madras High Court.

This story has been repeated in Tamil literature in several books from the days of Silappadikaram. We hear this incident for the first time from the mouth of Kannaki in Silappadikaram, then in Mahavamsam, Pazamozi 400, Periapuranam and later day Sthala Puranas. Tamil epic Silappadikaram is variously dated but all agree the epic story happened in the Second Century AD. This shows that Manu Neethi Cholan lived before this period. A similar story is narrated in Mahavamsam, A Sri Lankan chronicle, attributing the incident to Elara, a just Tamil king who may have ruled in the 2nd century BC.


Divine Calling Bell in the Heaven

The reason I am attributing the invention of calling bell to Tamil Hindus is another story found in Thevaram hymns which is at least 1300 years old. Dr R Nagasamy, famous archaeologist and historian of Tamil Nadu, has written about Manu Neethi Cholan and heavenly divine bell in his book Poyyili Malai (Page 107, titled Kadai Thoongu Mani):

“ In the Shivaloka, Lord Shiva hung a bell so that the Devas who have grievances can easily approach him. The idea is that Shiva will hear the bell and respond immediately. But this bell was not used for long and got the name Sleeping Bell (Thoongu Mani). But Dr Nagasamy also explained Thoongu may mean hanging as well. One day the Devas rang the bell and surprised Lord Shiva. They complained about the demons that have flying metal forts. (I have already described them as space ships made up of copper, gold and silver which were burnt down with a laser weapon in my earlier post GOD WITH A LASER WEAPON: swami). The Thevaram hymn says that even before the bell sound subsided Shiva burnt down the three metal forts by his Third Eye. This was sung by Appar alias Thirunavulkkarasu. He was the contemporary of Pallava king Mahendra Varman.

Appar praised Shiva as an embodiment of mercy. Even before the grievances were said, he helped his devotees, Appar says in his verse. The Tamil reference is given for the Tamil readers at the end.

My interpretation: I consider these two anecdotes are evidence of Calling Bell in India. Later this idea was adapted to smaller homes. Discovery of electricity helped to devise the modern calling bells. But the concept is Hindus’. Since there was no reference in Sanskrit scriptures I think the credits go to Tamil Hindus.


Appar Thevaram

மூவா உருவத்து முக்கண் முதல்வ மிக்கூர் இடும்பை

காவாய் எனக் கடைத் தூங்கு மணியைக் கையால் அமரர்

நாவாய் அசைத்த ஒலி ஒலிமாறியதில்லை அப்பால்

தீயாய் எரிந்து பொடியாய் கழிந்த திரிபுரமே.


Orbiting the Earth: Skanda beat Yuri Gagarin

Orbiting the Earth: Skanda beat Yuri Gagarin

(This article is already posted in Tamil)

If you google who was the first person to orbit earth? Then you will get the answer in a second: Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin . If you look at any encyclopaedia you will get the same answer. But if you put the same question to an orthodox Hindu , he or she will tell you it was Lord Skanda/Kartikeya. Arunagirinathar , a 15th century Tamil saint has sung about Lord Kartikeyan circling the earth in a second.


Yuri Gagarin did go round the earth in Vostok spacecraft in April 1961 in 90 minutes, but Skanda on his peacock took one second to go round the earth,  sings the great saint. Even before Magellan sailed around the world, Hindus knew that the earth was round. From the days of Aryabhatta we called this earth -globular. The very word globe came from Gola, Goli =Round.

Arunagiri in his beautiful Tamil verse  ‘Thiru Vakuppu’described that the worlds up and down the earth were shaking when the peacock flew around the earth. For the Doubting Thomas who may not believe that this happened in the hoary past, I would like to say a word, at least give the credit of this concept to Lord Skanda or the Hindu scriptures!

Western scholars attribute everything science to the Greeks or all the inventions to Learnado Da Vinci or the science fiction to Jules Verne. It is not correct. When we advanced far in science and mathematics, the western world did not even know the earth was round.


We have lots of reports about Narada’s Inter Planetary Travel in Hindu mythology. I have already written that the next news story that would shake the entire world will be ‘meeting or discovering aliens’. We have already written how they would look like: 1. Their feet won’t touch the ground 2. They would not sweat 3. Even the flower garlands they wear won’t wither away. 4.They don’t blink 5. They can’t have sex because of Parvathy’s curse  6. They are ever happy 7. They don’t eat food like us i.e. they don’t need it at all 8. Their calculation of time is very different from ours. They stand beyond time.

For more details please go to my post: 1.Do Hindus believe in ETs and Alien Worlds? and 2. Hindus’ Future Predictions Part 1 and Part 2.

Kartikeyan /Skanda flew round the earth to beat his brother Lord Ganesh in a Round the World competition held by his parents and Narada. For the full story, please read my post Two Mangoes that changed the Tamil World.


உலகத்தை முதலில் வலம் வந்தவர் யார்? கந்தனா? யூரி ககாரினா?


உலகத்தை முதலில் வலம் வந்தவர் யார்? கந்தனா? யூரி ககாரினா?

முதல் முதலில் ஒரு விண்கலத்தில் இந்தப் பூமியை வலம் வந்தவர் யார்? என்று கேட்டால் பலரும் ரஷ்ய விண்வெளி வீரர் யூரி ககாரின் என்றே சொல்லுவார்கள். கலைக் களஞ்சியங்களும் அப்படியே சொல்லும். அது சரியல்ல. த்ரிலோக சஞ்சரியான நாரதர் கிரஹங்களுக்கிடையே பயணம் செய்ய வல்லவர். ஆயினும் பூமியை வலம் வந்ததாக தெளிவான குறிப்புகள் இல்லை. ஆனால் முருகப் பெருமான பூமியை வலம் வந்த குறிப்பை  அருணகிரிநாதர் எழுதிய திருவகுப்பில் தெளிவாகக் காணலாம். அவர் ஒரு நொடிப் பொழுதில் உலகை வலம் வந்ததை அருமையாகப் பாடி இருக்கிறார். இதை கற்பனை என்று யாராவது கருதுவார்களானால் குறைந்தது இந்தக் கொள்கையை முதலில் சொன்ன பெருமையையாவது அவருக்குக் கொடுக்க வேண்டும்.


அருணகிரிநாதர் 500 அண்டுகளுக்கு முன் வாழ்ந்தவர். அப்போது உலகம் உருண்டை என்பது கூட மேலை நாட்டினருக்குத் தெரியாது. நாமோ வட மொழியிலும் தமிழிலும் பூகோளம் முதலிய சொற்கள் மூலம் துவக்க காலத்திலிருந்தே இதை உருண்டையானது என்று சொல்லிவருகிறோம்.

இதோ திருவகுப்பு பாடல்:

“ ஆகமம் விளைத்து அகில லோகமும் நொடிப்பொழுதில்

ஆசையொடு சுற்றும் அதிவேகக் காரனும்

இலகு கனி கடலை பயறொடியல் பொரி அமுது செயும்

இலகு வெகுகட விகட தட பார மேருவுடன்

இகலி முது திகிரி கிரி நெரிய வளை கடல் கதற

எழு புவியை ஒரு நொடியில் வலமாக ஓடுவதும்”  (திருவகுப்பு)


ஒரே நொடியில் உலகம் முழுதையும் சுற்றி வந்தார் முருகன். 1961  ஆம் ஆண்டில் ககாரின் ஒரு முறை பூமியை வலம் வர ஒரு மணி நேரத்துக்கு மேல் ஆயிற்று!!

Picture of Yuri Gagarin on Stamps

இசைகேட்கும் ‘ஐ பாட்’ கருவியும் சிவபெருமானும்

ஐபாட் கண்டுபிடிக்கப்பட்ட பின்னர் எல்லோரும் காதுகளில் இயர்போனை (ear phone) வைத்துக் கொண்டு இசை கேட்பது சர்வ சாதாரணமாகி விட்டது. அந்தக் காலத்தில் விமானத்தை ஓட்டும் பைலட்டுகள் இசைத்துறை இயக்குனர்கள் அல்லது டெலிபோன் துறையினர் பெரிய இயர் போன்களை காதுகளில் வைத்திருப்பதை பழைய திரைப்படங்களில் பார்த்தோம். இன்றோ இசைக் கருவி காதில் சொருகாத இளஞர்களே இல்லை.

சோனி நிறுவனத்தார் (Sony’s Walkman) வாக்மேன் கண்டுபிடித்த பின்னர் இப்படி எல்லோரும் இசைகருவியும் இயர் போனும் வாங்கினர். பின்னர் எம் பி 3 கருவிகள் ஐ-பாடுகள் வந்தன. உண்மையில் இந்தக் காதில் இசை கேட்கும் வழக்கத்தை உலகுக்குச் சொல்லிக் கொடுத்தவர் சிவபெருமான் தான். சம்பந்தர் தேவாரத்தின் முதல் பாடலான ‘தோடுடைய செவியன்’ பாடல் உரையில் இச் செய்தி உள்ளது.

கிருபானந்தவாரியார் ஒரு கதையை அடிக்கடி சொல்லுவார்.:  அஸ்வதரன், கம்பதரன் என்ற இரண்டு கந்தர்வர்கள் மிக அழகாகப் பாடுவர். ஆனால் அவர்களுக்கு ரசிகர்களே இல்லை. இதனால் மிகவும் வருத்தம் அடைந்து சிவ பெருமானை நோக்கி தவம் செய்தனர். சிவனோ வீணை வாசிப்பதிலும் சாம கானம் கேட்பதிலும் அதி சமர்த்தர்.  ஆகவே கந்தர்வர்கள் முன் தோன்றி என்ன வேண்டும் என்று கேட்க அவர்கள் 24 மணி நேரமும் 365 நாட்களும் எங்கள் இசையை நீங்கள் கேட்க வேண்டும் என்றனர். சிவன் அதற்கு இசைந்தார். ஆனால் நடை முறையில் இவர்களோடு எப்போதும் இருக்க முடியாதே!


சிவனுக்கு ஒரு யோசனை உதித்தது. உங்கள் இருவரையும் தோடுகளாகச் செய்து காதில் அணிந்து கொள்கிறேன். பாடிக்கொண்டே இருங்கள் என்றார். அவர்களுக்கு எல்லை இலா மகிழ்ச்சி. இப்போதும் பாடிக்கொண்டே இருக்கிறார்கள். எந்த எம் பி-3 பிளேயரையும் விட அதிக பேட்டரி அந்த தோடுகளில் இருக்கிறது. ஆண்டு முழுதும் சிவன் பாட்டுக் கேட்கிறார். இந்த ‘ஐடியா’தான் வாக் மேனாகவும் ஐ பாடாகவும் பிற்காலத்தில் பரிணமித்தது என்றால் பிழை ஏதும் இல்லையே!


உலக வலம் பேடண்ட் உரிமையும் எம்பி 3 இசைக் கருவி, இயர் போன் (காது ஒலிக் கருவி)  பேடண்ட் உரிமையும் கந்தனுக்கும் அவன் தந்தை முக் கண்ணனுக்குமே உரித்தானவை.

வாழ்க கந்தன்! வாழ்க சிவன்!


முந்தைய கட்டுரைகளில் லேசர் ஆயுதம் கண்டு பிடித்த பெருமையும் ஸ்டார் வார் ஆயுதங்கள் கண்டு பிடித்த பெருமையும் சிவனுக்கே உரித்தானவை என்று நிலை நாட்டி இருக்கிறேன். பறக்கும் செம்பு, வெள்ளி தங்கம் கோட்டைகளை நெற்றிக் கண்ணில் உள்ள லேசர் ஆயுதம் மூலம் தகர்த்தவர் சிவன்.. இதே போல பூமராங் ஐடியாவும் விஷ்ணுவின் சுதர்சன சக்கரத்தில் இருந்தே வந்தது என்பதையும் நிலை நாட்டி இருக்கிறேன். ஆங்கிலக் கட்டுரைகளில் முழு விவரமும் காண்க.


Hindu God with “an IPod”


Hindu God with “an IPod”

People have seen ear phones in black and white films long ago. Pilots in the cockpits of airplanes or people working in communication departments or music directors used unusually big air phones in those days. When Sony invented Walkman, ear phones became a household thing. Even then it was big and uncomfortable to keep it in the pocket. They clipped it to their belts. Then we saw the revolutionary MP3 players and IPods. Thousands of songs were packed in a tiny biscuit like thing with small ear phones, which you can put them in your shirt pockets. Now no youth goes out without a musical player and earphones. But who gave the idea to the world? No encyclopaedia gives the correct information. It is Lord Shiva who gave the idea to the world!!


Thevaram Hymns were sung by three great Saivaite saints who lived in7th and 8th centuries. First and foremost of the three Thevaram hymnists were Thiru Gnana Sambabdhar. He was a boy genius like Adi Shankara. Sambandhar started singing about Lord Shiva when he was just three years old. His very first verse was sung at Sirkazi in Tamil Nadu when he was three. A lot of commentaries are available for this first verse. He described Shiva wearing studs in his ears. The scholarly commentaries on the poem give very interesting information about Lord Shiva’s ear phones blaring 24 hour music, 365 days a year. No IPod or MP3 player battery will last that long. But Lord Shiva hears the music in both ears 24 hours for ever. So, what is the story?

Kripananda Variar (1906—1993), a famous speaker on Lord Kartikeya and Lord Shiva narrates the story: Asvadharan and Kampadharan were two great Gandharvas (celectial musicians). They were so great that they excelled Narada in music. But they had no fans. Poor musicians thought of approaching Shiva who was a great Veena player. So they went to the Himalayas and did penance for a long time. Shiva is known as Ashutoshi, means one who can be easily pleased. So he immediately appeared before them and asked what they wanted. They did not ask for billion dollars, but  requested Shiva to listen to their music 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Shiva never said NO to anyone. Even when Pasmasura asked for a boon to kill anyone he lays his hands on, Shiva said YES and ran for his life when the Asura (demon) wanted to use Shiva as guinea pig. Shiva agreed to listen to their music. For all the practical purposes it wouldn’t work. He thought of an innovative idea. He told them, I will make both of you ear studs and wear them. You can sing forever”.

My interpretation:

This is the story of Shiva’s ear phone= ear studs. This story was very old, but narrated by Kripananda Variar in his talk on 7-12-1975 at Virudunagar Sakti Sangam.

It is crystal clear that the idea of listening to music through ear phones/ ear studs came from Lord Shiva. Let him own the patent for this innovation! (london swaminathan)

Knowledge of Biology in Hindu Scriptures

Knowledge of Biology in Hinduism

Western scholars attributed the origin of all branches of science and knowledge to the Greeks. This is due to two reasons: 1.They did not have Tamil and Sanskrit books translated into English when they wrote such things and nobody challenged their views and 2. Though Hindu scriptures pre date all that is Greek, the latest versions of Hindu scriptures have interpolated sections. So the Westerners dated most of the things to first few centuries of Common Era (AD).All encyclopaedias point in one direction—Greek origin or rarely Egyptian or Sumerian origin. That is wrong.How?


8.4 million Yonibedham

The wonder is that Hinduism comes very close to the modern science in several fields. Whether it is astronomy or origin of universe or number of living organisms, Hindu scriptures come very,  very close to modern estimates, where as others lag far behind. This article is about biology only. Hindu scriptures said that there are 8.4 million different varieties of living beings. The Sanskrit words in the scriptures are 84 hundred thousand Yoni Bedham. One must remember that it was written at least 2000 years ago. Even today science is not sure about the number of organisms on earth. They keep on adding every year. When the genetic mapping is completed they may reduce it or increase it with introducing new classifications. The current number is on the basis of what we know today and how we classify them

Tamils repeated whatever said in the Sanskrit scriptures and added their own knowledge and in some places fine tuned them. In addition, they evolved their own systems as well .A typical example is Siddha Medical system parallel to Ayurveda Medical System. Both of them believed in the principle of Prevention is better than cure.

“From ant to elephant”  is an expression found in Hindu scriptures.


Six level of knowledge

Tolkappiyam, the oldest Tamil book dated to 1st century BC, says that living beings are classified in to six categories depending upon the level of their evolution. It placed human beings at the top with ‘six senses’. The living organisms with one sense are trees and grass. They have the sense of touch. Living beings with two senses are snails and oysters. They can taste and feel. Beings with three senses of taste, touch and smell are ants and termites. And with four senses are crabs and dragon flies. The fourth sense added here is vision. Living organisms with five senses are horses, elephants, pigs and birds. They have the hearing as the extra sense. Humans are the only living beings with SIX SENSES. They have mind, meaning able to think. (Ref.Tol-Porul.571 –578)

Now we use Linnaeus classification for plants and animals. He published his works in the 1750s. Neither Tolkappiar or nor Linnaeus is perfect in their classification. But we can appreciate their scientific approach. They tried to classify them on a reasonable basis. With genetic mapping of organisms we may even throw Linnaeus in to dust bin soon.

Tamil Landscape Divisions

Tamils divided their land into 4+1 categories. They gave a predominant plant’s name for each of the five landscapes: Kurinchi  (a mountain flower) for hilly areas, Mullai (jasmine) for forests, Marutham (tree with red flowers) for pastoral region, Neytal (water flower) for sea shores and Palai ( desert tree) for arid lands.

They followed their northern counterparts in their classification. Hindu mythology divides the world into 7 or 9 Dweepas (regions) on the basis of a predominant plant or animal. India is known as Jambudweepa, land of jambju or Rose Apple trees. The other dweepas are : Plaksha (fig tree), Shalmali (Silk Cotton Tree),Kusha (grass), Krauncha (Curlew Birds),Pushkara (lotus) and Saka (Teak= Tectona grandis).

Manu’s classification of Animals

Manu Smriti, the ancient law book of Hindus, classifies animals in different ways. The references are spread over in chapter 5. It shows that the ancients classified them on the basis of hoofs, whether they are carnivorous or herbivorous, whether they live in villages or forests etc. It indicates that they also thought about it and divided them in to various categories.

The fact that vegetarianism originated, supported and spread to different parts of the world from India is enough to prove that they knew about animals and plants. The fact that India is the country where lot of herbs are listed in Tamil and Sanskrit medical books is enough to prove that they based their lives on the flora and fauna of the country. An in depth study may throw more light on this subject. Westerners quote only the positive things from Greek literature. If we come to know about their superstitious beliefs about animals and plants we will have a good laugh. Westerners always date anything Greek prior to Indian scriptures. But anyone who does a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the available materials can easily find which one was first. Even before the Greeks started writing in 800 BC (Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey), India had incredibly huge, voluminous Vedic literature where A to Z (astronomy to zoology) is dealt with.

Please read my other posts:

1.Flowers in Tamil Culture 2. How Old is Indian Civilization?

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சமுத்திரத்தில் சேரும் இரு கட்டைகள்!

ராமாயண வழிகாட்டி- 4



சமுத்திரத்தில் சேரும் இரு கட்டைகள்!


யதா காஷ்டம் ச காஷ்டம் ச சமேயாதாம் மஹார்ணவே I

சமேத்ய ச வ்யபேயாதாம் காலமாஸாத்ய கஞ்சன் II


ஏவம் பார்யாஸ்ச புத்ராஸ்ச ஞாதயஸ்ச  வசூனி ச I

ஸமேத்ய வ்யவதாவந்தி த்ருவோ ஹ்யேஷாம் விநாபவ: II


மஹார்ணவே –சமுத்திரத்தில்

காஷ்டம் ச காஷ்டம் ச – இரண்டு கட்டைகள்

சமேயாதாம் – சேருகின்றன

கஞ்சன் காலே சமேத்ய – சிறிது காலம் கூடி

ஆஸாத்ய ச – இருந்து விட்டு

வ்யபேயாதாம் – பிரிகின்றன

யதா ஏவம் – அவ்வண்ணமே

பார்யா ச –மனைவிமார்களும்

புத்ரா ச – புதல்வர்களும்

ஞாதய: ச – ஞாதிகளும்

வசூனி ச – பொருள்களும்

ஸமேத்ய – சேர்ந்திருந்து

வ்யவதாவந்தி – பிரிகின்றன

ஏஷாம் விநாபவ: – இவர்களின் பிரிவு

த்ருவ: ஹி – நிச்சயமே


அயோத்யா காண்டம் 105ஆம் ஸர்க்கம் 26 மற்றும் 27ஆம் ஸ்லோகங்கள்

பரதன் ராமரிடம் ராஜ்யத்தை ஏற்க வேண்டிய போது ராமர் பித்ருவாக்கிய பரிபாலனத்தைச் சொல்லும் போது கூறியது இது.

வால்மீகி மஹரிஷி முதல் முதல் காவியத்தைச் செய்தவர் என்பதால் ஆதிகவி என்று போற்றப்படுகிறார். வால்மீகி ராமாயணத்தில் வரும் அற்புதமான உவமைகளும் கருத்துக்களும் காலம் காலமாக பின் வந்த இலக்கியங்க:ளில் காணப்படுகின்றன. மேலே உள்ள கருத்தை மஹாபாரதத்திலும் காணலாம்.சாந்தி பர்வத்தில் வரும் இதே கருத்தைப் பார்க்கலாம்:

எவ்விதம் பெரிய கடலில் கட்டையும் கட்டையும் சேர்க்கை அடையுமோ, சேர்ந்த பின் விலகுமோ அவ்விதம் பிராணிகளின் சேர்க்கையிருக்கிறது. புத்ரர்களும் பௌத்ரர்களும் ஞாதிகளும் பந்துக்களும் அவ்விதமே இருக்கிறா


   (சாந்தி பர்வம் 173வது அத்தியாயம்; மோக்ஷ தர்மம்)


ஸேனஜித் என்ற மன்னன் தன் புதல்வனை இழந்த சோகத்தால் வாட அவனது நண்பரான பிராமணர் ஒருவர் ஆறுதல் அளிக்கும் போது இந்தக் கருத்து தெரிவிக்கப்படுகிறது.

இதே கருத்து சங்க நூலான புறநானூற்றிலும் இடம் பெறுகிறது.

இடம் பெறும் பாடலோ உலகப் புகழ் பெற்ற பாடல். கணியன் பூங்குன்றனார் இயற்றியது. புறநானூறு பாடல் எண் 192 ஐப் பார்ப்போம்:

யாதும் ஊரே யாவரும் கேளிர்

தீதும் நன்றும் பிறர் தர வாரா

நோதலும் தணிதலும் அவற்றோர் அன்ன

சாதலும் புதுவது அன்றே, வாழ்தல்

இனிதென மகிழ்ந்தன்றும் இலமே முனிவின்

இன்னாதென்றலும் இலமே, மின்னொடு

வானம் தண்துளி தலைஇ யானாது

கல் பொருது மிரங்கு மல்லல் பேரியாற்று

நீர்வழிப் படூஉம் புணை போல் ஆருயிர்

முறைவழிப் படூஉம் என்பது திறவோர்

காட்சியில் தெளிந்தனம் ஆகலின், மாட்சியின்

பெரியோரை வியத்தலும் இலமே.

சிறியோரை இகழ்தல் அதனினும் இலமே

(புறநானூறு 192)

இதன் சுருக்கமான பொருள் :-

அனைத்து ஊர்களும் எம்முடைய ஊர்களே. அனைத்து மக்களும் எமது உறவினரே! தீமையும் நன்மையும் அடுத்தவரால் வருவதில்லை. துன்பமும் ஆறுதலும் கூட மற்றவர் தருவதில்லை. செத்துப் போவது புதுமை இல்லை. வாழ்தல் இன்பம் என்று மகிழ்ந்தது இல்லை. வாழ்வது துன்பம் என வெறுத்து ஒதுங்கியதுமில்லை. மின்னலொடு வரும் மழை வானத்திலிருந்து பொழிந்து கல்லை மோதி மணலைப் புரட்டி வரும் வளமார்ந்த பெரிய ஆறு ஒன்றில் ஓடுகின்ற தெப்பம் (கட்டை) போல இயற்கை வழியில் நடக்கும் உயிர் வாழ்வு என்பதை திறவோர் கண்ட காட்சியால் தெளிந்து அறிந்திருக்கிறோம். ஆகவே பெரியோரை வியப்பதும் இல்லை. சிறியோரை இகழ்ந்து தூற்றுவதும் இல்லை

ஹிந்து மதக் கருத்தான இதை முதலில் கூறிய ராமாயணம், மஹாபாரதம் ஆகிய நூல்களை விட்டு விட்டு பௌத்த மதத்திற்கு வலிந்து ஏற்றி கணியன் பூங்குன்றனாரை ஒரு பௌத்தர் என்று சிலர் சித்தரிப்பது அவர்கள் பழைய நூல்களை நன்கு கற்காததும், சம்ஸ்கிருதத்தை அவர்கள் அறியாததுமே காரணம் என்று கொள்ளலாம்.