Learn Tamil Verbs -24 : Prohibitive, Permissive and Potential (Impersonal Verbs)—Post.11,446

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 11,446

Date uploaded in London – 15 November 2022                  

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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Let us learn the following today:

1.Potential – May, can

2.Prohibitive,- should not, must not

3.Permissive- let someone to do something

Please use all the verb charts posted here so far. At the bottom, we have these three impersonal verbs.

This means there is no personal ending (forget PGN for the time being)

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கூப்பிடு = Call Chart

1.Potential

To form Potential add ‘laam’ லாம்  to the infinitive

This is similar to May in English.

லாம் = laam added to Infinitive Vara/ to come, Saappita/ to eat, Padikka/ to read

நீங்கள்/ அவர்கள், அவள் ——- உள்ளே வர+லாம்.

You/ they/ she  may come in VARA+LAAM

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நீங்கள், நீ, அது, நாய்., பூனை  ———-சாப்பிட+லாம்

You, you, that, dog, cat  — may eat

SAAPPITA+LAAM

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அவன் , நான், நாங்கள் ———படிக்க+ லாம்

He , I, we —– may read

PADIKKA+LAAM

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2.Prohibitive

To form Prohibitive  you add Kkoodaathu க்கூடாது

 to the Infinitive

வர +க்கூடாது = VARAKKOODAATHU= MUST NOT COME

போக+க்கூடாது= POGAK KOODAATHU = MUST NOT GO/ SHOULD NOT GO

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3.PERMISSIVE

ADD ‘TTUM’ –ட்டும் to the infinitive

ஆடு  – ஆட = AADA=TO DANCE

Aadattum = let (him, her, it, them) dance ஆட+ ட்டும்,

தூங்கு – தூங்க= THOONGA= TO SLEEP

Thoongattum = let (him, her, them, us) sleep தூங்க+ ட்டும்

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Some verbs and their infinitives

வா – வர = VARA= TO COME

போ- போக = POKA= TO GO

சொல்- சொல்ல = SOLLA= TO SAY, TO TELL

கூப்பிடு -கூப்பிட= KOOPPITA= TO CALL

சாப்பிடு -சாப்பிட= SAAPPITA= TO EAT

ஆடு  – ஆட = AADA=TO DANCE

பாடு – பாட= PAADA= TO SING

தூங்கு – தூங்க= THOONGA= TO SLEEP

வாங்கு – வாங்க = VAANGA = TO BUY

குதி – குதிக்க = KUTHIKKA= TO JUMP

படு- படுக்க = PADUKKA= TO LIE DOWN/SLEEP

பேசு= பேச = PESA= TO SPEAK

நில் – நிற்க= NIRKA= TO STAND

வில்- விற்க = VIRKA = TO SELL

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IS IT A COMMAAND OR AN ORDER OR JUST A STATEMENT?

Depending upon the context and tone, one can say whether it is a command or not.

— subham—-

Tags- Tamil verbs, Impersonal Verbs, Lesson 24

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