List of 121 Upanishads

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Compiled by London Swaminathan
Post No 1471 Dated 9th December 2014

What is the meaning of Upanishad?
Upanishads were written in Sanskrit at least 3000 years ago. There are 13 principal Upanishads. They are the Hindu philosophical treatises. Literal translation of the word UPANISHAD is “sitting down near” (the Guru). Seekers of enlightenment approach a teacher (guru), sit down at his feet and listens to him.

How many Upansihads are there?
There are more than 250 Upansihads. Some of the Upanishads were written 200 years ago.
Which one is the longest Upanishad?
Brihad Aranyaka (Big Forest ) Upanishad
Which is the shortest of the major Upanishads?
Isavasya Upanishad, just 18 verses.

Which is the oldest Upanishad?
Brihad Aranyaka (Big Forest ) Upanishad (before 800 BCE)
Are they all important books? What are the major books?
Adi Shakara, one of the greatest philosophers of the world, wrote commentaries on the important Upanishads. The 13 principal Upanishads are given in CAPITAL letters below.

What is the favourite Upanishad of Mahatma Gandhi?
Isavasya Upanishad, just 18 verses

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Upansihads in alphabetical order:–

1.Advayatarakopanishad
2.Adhyatmopanishad
3.AITAREYOPANISHAD
4.Akshamalikopanishad
5.Akshyupanishad
6.Amritanadopanishad
7.Amritabindu Upanishad
8.Annapurna Upanishad
9.Arunyopanishad
10.Asramopanishad
11.Atmapujopanishad
12.Atmabodhopanishad
13.Atharvashikopanishad
14.Atharvasirsopanishad
15.Atmopanishad
16.Avadhutopanishad
17.Avyakta Upanishad

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18Bahbricopanishad
19.Bhasmajabalopanishad
20.Bhavanopanishad
21.Bhikshukopanishad
22.Brahmopanishad
23.Brahmavidyopanishad
24.BRIHADARANYAKOPANISHAD
25.Brihadjjabalopanishad
26.Brahmabindupanishad

27.Caturvedopanishad
28Cakshusopanishad
29.CHANDOGYOPANISHAD

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30.Dhyanabindupanishad
31.Dakshinamurtyupanishad
32.Dattatreyopanishad
33.Devyupanishad
34.Dvayopanishad

35.Ekaksharopanishad

36.Ganapathy Upanishad
37.Gopalapurvatapinyupanishad
38.Gopalatapani Upanishad
39.Garudopanishad
40.Garbhopanishad
41.Gayatrirahasyopanishad
42.Gayatri Upanishad

43.Hamsopanishad
44.Hayagrivopanishad

45.ISAVASYOPANISHAD

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46.Jabaladarsanopanishad
47.Jabalyupanishad
48.Jabalopanishad

49.Kalagnirudropanishad
50.Kalisamtaranopanishad
51.KAIVALYOPANISHAD
52.Katharudropanishad
53.KATHOPANISHAD
54.Kausitakibrahmanopanishad
55.KENOPANISHAD
56.Krishnopanishad
57.Ksuburikopanishad
58.Kundikopanishad

59.Langulopanishad

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60.Mahopanishad
61.MANDUKYOPANISHAD
62.Mahavakyopanishad
63.Mahanarayanopanishad
64.MAITRAYANI UPANISHAD
65.Maitreyi Upanishad
66.Mantrikopanishad
67.Mandalabrahmanopanishad
68.MUNDAKOPANISHAD
69.Mudgalopanishad
70.Muktikopanishad

71.Nadabindupanishad
72.Narayanopanishad
73.Niralambopanishad
74.Nilarudropanishad
75.Nirvana Upanishad
76.Nrisimhapurvatapinyupanishad
77.Naradaparivrajakopanishad

twelve_essential_upanishads_

78.Pasupatabrahmopanishad
79.Paingala Upanishad
80.Parabrahmopanishad
81.Panca brahmopanishad
82.Paramahamsa Upanishad
83.Paramahamsa parivraja Upanishad
84.Pranagnihotropanishad
85.PRASNOPANISHAD
86.Pranavopanishad

87.Ramarahasya Upanishad
88.Ramapurvatapinyu panishad
89.Radho Upanishad
90.Rudropanishad
91.R udrahridayo Upanishad
92.Rudrakshaja valopanishad

93.Sarabhopanishad
94.Savitryu Upanishad
95.Sandilya Upanishad
96.Sanyasa Upanishad
97.Sarasvatirasyopanishad
98.Saubhagyalakshmiopanishad
99.Sita Upanishad
100.Skandopanishad
101.Sarirakopanishad
102.Sarvasariropanishad
103.Suryopanishad
104.Sabala Upanishad
105.Sukrarahasyopanishad
106.SVETASVATAROPANISHAD

Upanishads-and-Vedas2

107.Tarasara Upanishad
108.Tejabindu Upanishad
109.Trisikharabrahmanopanishad
110.TAITTIRIYOPANISHAD
111.Tripuropanishad
112.Tulasyupanishad
113.Turiyatitopanishad

114.VAJRASUCIKOPANISHAD
115.Varaha Upanishad
116.Vasudevai Upanishad
117.Yogacudamanyupanishad
118.Yajnavalkyopanishad
119.Yogakundalyupanishad

120.Yogatattva Upanishad
121.Yogarajopanishad

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2 Comments

  1. It would be helpful, if i get the upanishads in tamil, kindly provide some links to buy the books.

  2. Upanishads in Tamil are available at Ramakrishna Mutt, Mylapore, Chennai
    If you google you may get other publishers as well.
    Divine Life Society and Chinmaya Mission might have translations in Tamil.
    I have their English editions.

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