Tamil King’s Rajasuya Yagna! (Post No.3084)


Research Article written by London Swaminathan


Date: 23  August 2016


Time uploaded in London: 6-35 AM


Post No.3084


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks for the pictures.



(Tamil version of this article is posted yesterday)

Dharma’s Rajasuya Yagna in the Mahabharata, the longest epic in the world, is well known. But very few people knew about the great Rajasuya Yagna performed by a Choza king 2000 years ago. Four Sangam Tamil Poets sang in praise of the great King Peru Nar Killi.

Pandarang Kannan (Krishna), Vadama vannakkan Perunchaththan (Maha Sastha),Avvaiyaar and Lochana (Ulochanar). Their verses are in the oldest part of Sangam Literature in Puranaanuru verses 16, 125, 367, 377.

(A Yagna is a fire ceremony in which Soma juice, melted butter (ghee) and certain types of wood were placed in the fire as offerings to Vedic Gods).


Tamil Kings always fought among themselves. Tamil poets tried to calm them down, but yet the wars continued. So when Tamil poetess Avvaiyar saw three great Tamil Kings of three Kingdoms at one place she was very happy. Chera King Maari Venko and Pandyan King Ugra Peruvazuthi attended and approved the Rajasuyam conducted by Choza Perunar Killi. She wished them a long life – as many  years as the number of rain drops or the number of stars in the sky.


Ancient Tamil Nadu had three Kingdoms Chera (Kerala), Choza (East coast and Rice bowl areas) and the Pandya (Southern Tamil Nadu) kingdoms. Lot of chieftains and local leaders were under them.


Mahabharata has a very detailed description of the Rajasuya Yajna performed by the eldest of the Five Pandavas- Dharma alias Yudhistra. But Tamil verses give only the minimum details.


We came to know from Avaiyar’s verse (Puranaanuru 367) that Brahmins were given gold coins on that occasion as Dhanam (fees and donation). Avvaiyar says, “Whatever good you do in this birth only will help you like a boat ( to cross to the next world).


Interesting Facts about Rajasuya:-

The fees for the Rajasuya was amazing number of cows! This is recommended by the scriptures. No one would know how many were actually given.


32,000 cows for each of the four principal priests.

16,000 cows each for the second line priests.

8000 cows for the third liners and 4000 each for others.

I guess Brahmins would have received gold instead of cows, because maintaining them would have been a big problem.

What is Rajasuya?

Rajasuya means birth of a king (generate a king). Actually this is a rite of royal consecration. All the minor kingdoms would approve him as the chief. It was performed only by the Kshatriyas – the ruling caste.

The time required for Rajasuya was two years. The king had to undergo lot of rituals and fasting during this period. There were many smaller Yagnas (fire ceremonies) involving Soma plant and Ghee (melted butter).


Rajasuya consisted of several events:

Soma rite (performed with a mysterious plant from the Himalayas. Please read my article on the Soma plant for more details).

Abhiseka (pouring or bathing the king with holy waters accompanied by Mantra)

Chariot Race

Seizing the cows and releasing the cows (Ancient Hindu kings will raid the cows in the nearby country first. This means “Let us fight”. This was practised by all the rulers from Kanyakumari to Kashmir). In the Rajasuya it was done only symbolically.

King ascending the throne.

Followed by ritual dice play

Reciting of Sunashepa (Dog’s tail) story

Avabhrta snana (bathing)

King observing certain vows for a year.

One more concluding fire ceremony (Atiratra Type)

Stepping on the tiger skin


The details of this Yagna is found in Srauta Sutras of Asvalayana, Latyayana, Katyayana and Apastambha.


In Rajasuya the king is praised as the protector of the Brahmins, sacker of the cities (in war).


Spoons and laddles used in Vedic Rituals


Vedic Index by Macdonell and Keith gives the following information:

“Raja-suya is the name in the Atharva veda and later literature of the ceremony of the royal consecration. The rite is described in great length in the Sutras, but its main features are clearly outlined in the Brahmanas, while the verses used in the ceremony are preserved in the Yajurveda.


Besides priestly elaboration, the ritual contains popular ceremonial. For example, the king is clothed in the ceremonial garments of his rank and provided with bow and arrow as emblems of sovereignty.  He performs a mimic cow raid or engages in a sham fight with a royal. In a game of dice, he symbolically ascends the quarters of the sky as an indication of his universal rule; and steps on a tiger skin, thus gaining the strength and the pre-eminence of the tiger.

My Comments: –

Tiger is found in the Indus Valley seals. The number of cows as sacrificial fees corresponds with the Indus valley weights (in proportion). The dices are found in the Indus valley too. All these point towards a Vedic Culture in the Indus/Sarasvati valley Civilization.




Sath Sangathve Nissangathvam….

in good company

By London Swaminathan; post No. 754 dated 21st December 2013.

Greatest philosopher of India, Adi Shankara, says,
“ Satsangatve nissangatvam
Nissangatve nirmohatvam
Nirmohatve nischalatattvam
Nischalatattve jeevanmuktih” –Bhajagovindam (9)

“Through the company of the good, there arises non-attachment; through non-attachment there arises freedom from delusion; through freedom from delusion there arises steadfastness; through steadfastness, there arises liberation in life”- Bhajagovindam

Bhagavan Ramana has rendered this verse into Tamil in his supplement to Ulladu Narpathu (supplement to Forty Verses on Existence)

Avvaiyar on the same theme

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar, who lived several centuries ago, says

“Sweet is solitude; sweeter is to meditate upon god. Sweeter still is the company of wise people (saints); and the sweetest is to think about the great people always, whether you are wide awake or sleeping. (i.e.to follow them is the sweetest thing in the world)”

In another verse in ‘Vakkundam’, she reemphasizes this point,

“It is good to see good people; good to listen to them, it is better to talk about their virtues and the best is to go along with them”.
avvaiyum muruganum

Lord Krishna says in Bhagavad Gita
“When a man puts away all the desires of his mind, O, Partha, and when his spirit is content in itself, then is he called stable in intelligence” (2—55)

Negatively, the state is one of freedom from selfish desires and positively, it is one of concentration on the Supreme, according to Dr S Radhakrishnan.

Valluvar’s Advice

Tiruvalluvar, Tamil poet who lived at least 1500 years ago says in his Tirukkural:
“Weigh the worth and chose for friendship men of ripe wisdom who know the law (Kural 441)

“Cultivate amity and seek help from men who remove present ills and guard you from future ills (Kural 442)

“To please great men and make them one’s own is the rarest of all rare blessings (Kural 443)

Here we see Valluvar, Avvaiyar, Lord Krishna and Adi Shankara repeating the same thing about Association with the Good people. Great men and women think alike!

The Bible says
“ Wisdom flows from the mouth of the Righteous”—(Proverbs 10-31)

An ancient saying from the Middle East says:

He who knows not, and knows not that he knows not, is a fool. Shun him.
He who knows not, and knows that he knows not, is simple. Teach him.
He who knows, and knows not he knows , is asleep. Wake him.
He who knows, and knows that he knows is wise. Follow him.

The largest story collection in the world, Katha Sarit Sagara, has some beautiful quotes:

“Association with the good is a cause of exaltation” (Story of Parents of Udayana)
“Association with the good produces good manners” (Story of Parents of Udayana)
“Association with the great produces benefit” (Story of the Holy boar)

“Association with persons of virtuous conduct benefits everyone” (Story of Anangarati)

Even animals, if they are of a noble strain, do not desert a lord or friend in calamity, but rescue him from it (Story of Jackal that turned into an elephant).

Even the gods protect righteous men who do not, even in emergencies, desert their principles, and cause them to attain their objects (Story of Brahmana who became a Yaksa)

The good are easily melted with compassion, and show causeless friendship to all. (Introduction to KSS)
Good men will do everything for the sake of those that implore their aid (Vetala story 18)


Good people spare even a thief, though ordinarily he ought not to be spared, if they find that he is a benefactor (Story of Brahman, goat and the rogues)

Good men desire a life of retirement after they enjoyed their youth (Story of Alankaravati).
Let us be in the company of the good and the wise.

Katha Sarit Sagara quotes are taken from Dr Sternbach’s book.

contact swami_48@yahoo.com

‘Jantunam Narajanma Durlabatha:’


Human Birth is difficult to obtain
by london swaminathan

Human birth is difficult to obtain is a famous saying from northern Himalayas to Southern Kanyakumari. It is in ancient Tamil and Sanskrit literature. The above quote is from Viveka Cudamani of Adi Shankara. Let us look at the full sloka:

“ For all beings a human birth is difficult to obtain, more so is a male body; rarer than that is Brahmnahood; rarer still is the attachment to the path of Vedic religion; higher than is erudition in the scriptures; discrimination between the Self and not-Self, Realization, Identity with Brahman—these come next in order. Mukti/liberation is not to be attained except through the well earned merits of a hundred crores of births (1000 million births!)”.

In the next sloka he says three things are rare:Human birth, the longing for liberation and protective care of a greatman (mahapurusha).
Tamil literature explains the same thing in a beautiful way. One of the five Tamil epics is Jeevaka Chintamani which gives the story of Udayana and Vasavadatta. The author Thiruththakka devar says human birth is rare. It is like one yoke floating in southern sea coming next to another yoke floating in northern sea and a pole is inserted into it. Human birth is rarer than this.

Avvai answers Lord Skanda’s question
Another famous episode in Tamil is about the grand old lady of Tamil literature Avvaiyar meeting Lord Skanda. Skanda asked her several thought provoking questions just to enjoy her beautiful Tamil. He asked her what is bigger, sweeter, crueler and rarer. When she answered his question about rarer things in the world she says human birth is rarer. Let us look at the beautiful Tamil poem in full:

“ Rare is human birth, Vadivel (Skanda/Subramanya)! Rarer is birth as a male with perfect limbs and with full use of all the senses. Rarer still is attainment of knowledge and wisdom. Rarer than this is the tendency to give and serve; and rarest of all is a life dedicated to spiritual enlightenment, for when one reaches the end the heavens will open to welcome that person—the perfect of all human beings”.

I consider this as an echo of Adi Shankara’s three slokas 2, 3 and 4 of Viveka Cudamani. It is not uncommon to see the same thoughts in all saints of India whether they speak Tamil or Sanskrit. Great men think alike. We see the same thought in all the hymns of Thevaram, Thiruvasagam and Divya Prabandham.
Seven types and Four Types of living beings

Even before Darwin gave the world the Theory of Evolution, even before the Linnaean classification of botanical species came in to practice, even before Aristotle gave his theory, Hindus divided the living beings in to four types and seven types in two different classifications:

Type 1
1.Andajam: that which came from the eggs
2.Jarayutham: mammals
3.Udbhijam: that which comes out of seeds, roots
4.Swethajam: that which grows from sweat like liquids, i.e. germs etc

Type 2 Classification
1.Devas: supermen
2.Human beings
6.Fishes and other marine animals
7.Plant kingdom


Great Tamil saint Manikkavasagar gives a list of all the births one can get before realising God:

“Grass was I, shrub was I, worm, tree,
Full many a kind of beast, bird, snake,
Stone, man and demon. ’Midst Thy hosts I served.
The form of mighty Asuras, ascetics, Gods I bore.
Within this immobile and mobile forms of life,
In every species born, weary I have grown, great Lord!

புல்லாகிப் பூடாய்ப் புழுவாய் மரமாகிப்
பல்விருகமாகிப் பறவையாய்ப் பாம்பாகிக்
கல்லாய் மனிதராய்ப் பேயாய்க் கணங்களாய்
வல்லரசுராகி முனிவராய்த் தேவராய்ச்
செல்லா அ நின்ற தாவர சங்கமத்துள்
எல்லாப் பிறப்பும் பிறந்திளைத்தேன் எம்பெருமான்
–சிவ புராணம், திருவாசகம் (மாணிக்கவாசகர்)

tree of life colour
Avvaiyar’s poem in Tamil

அரியது கேட்கின் வரிவடி வேலோய்!
அரிதரிது மானிடர் ஆதல் அரிது
மானிடராயினும் கூன் குருடு செவிடு
பேடு நீக்கிப் பிறத்தல் அரிது
பேடு நீக்கிப் பிறந்த காலையும்
ஞானமும் கல்வியும் நயத்தல் அரிது
ஞானமும் கல்வியும் நயந்த காலையும்
தானமும் தவமும் தான்செயல் அரிது
தானமும் தவமும் தான்செய்வராயின்
வானவர் நாடு வழிதிறந் திடுமே.
Pictures are taken from various sites;thanks.
contact london swaminathan: swami_48@yahoo.com

Most Intelligent Woman in the Ancient World

tamil penkal

A community’s development can be easily measured by the level of women’s education or status. If we take all the ancient cultures into account, India has a unique place in the world. Lot of countries gave women– education, freedom, right to inherit property, right to attend religious ceremonies and a status —several centuries after ‘India that is Bharat’ gave them.


Vedas and Sangam Tamil literature have the highest number of women poets (poetesses) in the world. It is amazing to see they were able to compose poems and attend assemblies. Gargi Vachaknavi was the only example one can quote for women’s education and freedom from the most ancient days. She was invited to attend an assembly of scholars to discuss philosophical matters. King Janaka of Videha convened the conference. It happened at least 3000 years ago. Even the foreign scholars, who always underestimate and underrate anything Indian, gave the date 800 BC for the Brihad Aranyaka Upanishad, where Gargi appears for the first time. Gargi, a great philosopher, not only attended the conference, but also challenged the most revered philosopher of the day, Yajnavalkya.


Thousand years later, the grand old dame of Sangam Tamil literature Avvaiyar appeared on the scene. She was able to attend the great assembly of the three most powerful kings of the Tamil speaking world– Chera, Choza and Pandya. The occasion was the great Rajasuya Yajnam done by Choza king Peru Nar Killi. She praised them for their unity and wished them long life. She was able to enter any palace without a permit or visit any country without a visa. Poets and ascetics had more rights than the diplomats of the modern world. They can challenge the kings in the assemblies and question their misbehaviour.


We have over 25 Vedic poetesses and over 25 Tamil Sangam poetesses. No culture in the world had so many poetesses 2000 years ago. It was a world dominated by men. Law giver Manu said that a community will be destroyed if women are not respected.

tamil kili

Indian women were so intelligent that they can easily solve knotty problems. A boy wanted to study Vedas. But he knew only his mother Jabala. When he went to the teacher he asked what was his Kulam, Gotra (clan and sub sects), names of parents etc. He replied truthfully that his mum asked him to give the mother’s name only as Jabala. The teacher was so impressed by his honesty, he took him immediately as his student. He gave the boy a new  name– Satyakama (one who seeks truth) Jabala.

Vedic and Sangam Tamil period women did not sing only about Gods and Kings. They sang about everything in the world. Women like Draupadi and Kannaki challenged the most powerful kings of the day. They vowed to destroy injustice and they did it. Women like Damayanti and Savitri fought for their husbands and won the cases. Sita and Mandodari, wives of rivals, were praised for their chastity. They will inspire women for generations to come.


In Vedic days, women were teachers as well. Panini, the first and foremost grammarian in the world, explains the distinction between acaryaa and acaryani, upadhyayaa and updhyayini.


Manu, author of the great law book Manava Dharma Shastra, says,

‘’women must be honoured and adorned by their fathers, brothers, husbands and bothers-in-law, who desire their own welfare. Manu 3-55

‘’Where women are honoured, there the gods are pleased; but where they are not honoured, no sacred rite yields rewards. Manu 3-56

Where the female relations live in grief, the family soon wholly perishes; but that family where they are not unhappy ever prospers. 3—57

The houses,  on which the female relations, not being duly honoured, pronounce a curse, perish completely, as if destroyed by magic’’ Manu 3-58

Hence men, who seek their own welfare, should always honour women on holidays and festivals with gifts of ornaments, clothes and dainty food. 3-59


Sanskrit and Tamil literature even entered the magic or the superstitious world to show that chaste women can do miracles. They can bring fire and rain by their power. But women never abused their powers. Sita says to Hanuman, the first International ambassador, that she can burn the 14 worlds with her power, but she wanted her husband to take the credit of finishing the demon king Ravana of Sri Lanka.


Great poet Valluvar went one step further and says that any chaste woman has the power to make rain at her bidding (Kural 55)


Seeing Arundhati Star

Arundhati: Wife of great ascetic Vashista. Symbol of faithfulness, symbol of Indian womanhood and astral goddess in the Saptarishi Mandalam (Great Bear Constellation in the Northern Sky). Every Hindu must see the star on the First Night in the sky. She was the most praised woman on earth. 5000 year old Vedas and 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature praised her sky high.

tamil aru

Manu says

‘’Akshamala, a woman of the lowest birth, being united to Vashista and Sarangi (being united) to Mandapala became worthy of honour’’(4-23).Akshamala=Arundhati.


Sangam Tamil literature refers to Arundhati in several places: Ainkuru.442; Puram.122; Kali.2-21;pari 5-44, madu.610.

In the later days we have great women poetesses like Karaikal Ammaiyar,

Andal, Gangadevi , Mirabhai and Lalleswari.


Two thousand years ago Hindus believed in the same values from Kashmir to Kandy in Sri Lanka. This is another blow to the racists who advocated Aryan Dravidian Race Theory.


Here are the Lists of Vedic and Sangam Tamil Poetesses:

Aditi,  Apala, Dakshina, Gosha, Indrani ,Juhu, Kadru, Lopamudra, Ratri, Romasa,  Sasi, Sashvati, Sikandini kashyapi, Sraddha, Sarama, Sikta, Sudevi, Surya, Sarasvati, Ushas, Urvasi,Visvara, Visvruha, Vispala, Vakambhirini, Vachukra’s wife, Vac, Yami


From Sama Veda – Nodha, Agnishta basha, Sikatani vavari, Ganpayana,

Later day great women—

Gargi vachaknavi, Maitreyi, Nalayini, Savitri, Kaikeyi, Sita, Mandodari, Ahalya, Arundhati, Kunti, Draupadi. (Kaikeyi was a great driver. She rode the chariot when Dasaratha went to war with the demons and defeated them)


Tamil Poetesses

(Like Rig Vedic compiler Vyasa, Tamils also followed Vyasa’s technique of naming anonymous poets with abstract expressions. So we don’t know for sure how many poetesses were there in Vedic period or later. But poetesses were there, which is confirmed by later day mythologies. Slight change of spellings or some suffixes to names made enthusiasts to count more number of poetesses!! One surprising thing about Sangam Tamil names is most of them have prefixes like Sanskrit names Su=Nal. Lot of poetess’s names have this Nap or Nal prefix.


This shows ancient Indians followed the same method in naming. I have already written about the Sanskrit names among Sangam Tamil poets such as Valmiki, Damodaran, Markandeyan, Kamakshi, Kesavan, Mahadevan, Nagarajan,Paliyathan,Vishnu dasan, Kannadasan etc.


1.Avvaiyaar  2.Aadimanthiyaar 3.Anjil anjiyaar 4.Uunpiththai

5.Kaamakkanipsalaiyaar 6.Kaavarpendu 7.Kuramakal kuriyeyini

8.Maarpiththiyaar 9.Maasaaththiyaar 10.Nachchellaiyaar  11.Nakkannaiyaar

12.Nedumpalliyathai 13.Nalvellaiyaar 14.Nalveliyaar 15.Nanmullaiyaar  16.Nappasalaiyaar  17.Naagaiyaar 18.Paari makalir 19.Perungkoppendu

20.Peymakal ilaveyini 21.Ponmaniyaar 22.Ponmudiyaar  23.Puunkan uththiraiyaar 24.Pullaankanniyaar 25.Vennik kuyaththiyaar 26.Velli viithiyaar

27.Venpuuthiyaar 28.Kakkaipaadiniyaar.


Pictures are taken from World Tamil Souvenire;thanks.

Contact swami_48@yahoo.com for the list of 615 research articles.


நெல்லிக்காய் மகிமை: அவ்வையாரும் ஆல்பிரூனியும் அருணகிரிநாதரும்

Statue of Al Biruni

அதியமான், அவ்வையார், ஆல்பிரூனி, அருணகிரிநாதர் ஆகிய நால்வருக்கும் நெல்லிக்காயுக்கும் இடையே சுவையான தொடர்பு உண்டு.


அதியமான் நெடுமான் அஞ்சி என்ற குறுநில மன்னன் 2000 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் தமிழ்நாட்டின் தகடூர் பகுதியை ஆண்டு வந்தான்.தமிழ்ப் புலவர்களை ஆதரித்த வள்ளல்களில் முதல் வரிசையில் நின்றவன். ஒரு முறை அவனை தமிழ் மூதாட்டி அவ்வையார் சந்திக்க வந்தார். நல்ல விருந்து கொடுத்து நிறைய பரிசுகளையும் கொடுத்தான். தமிழ் கூறு நல்லுலகில் அவ்வைக்குள்ள புகழழாலும் விரல் விட்டு எண்ணக்கூடிய பெண்பால் புலவர்களில் ஒருவர் என்பதாலும் அவரை விஷேசமாகக் கவனிக்க விரும்பினான் அதியமான்.


நெல்லிக்காய் ஆரோக்கியம் தரும் ஒரு அருமருந்து. பழங்களையுயும் மிஞ்சும் அளவுக்கு சத்து உடையது. ஆயுளை வளர்க்கச் செய்வது. வைட்டமின் சி சத்தும் புத்தியை வளர்க்கும் பாஸ்பரஸ் சத்தும் மிக்கது.


வட இந்தியாவில் ரத்த சுத்திக்குப் பயன்படுத்தும் திரிபலா சூர்ணத்திலும்  சியவனப் ப்ராஷிலும் நெல்லிக்காய் பயன்படுத்தப் படுகிறது. தென் இந்தியாவில் ஊறுகாய், துவையல்,பச்சிடியில் முக்கிய அங்கம் வகிப்பது.


இவ்வளவு புகழ் உடைய நெல்லிக்காயிலும் ஒரு அரிய வகை நெல்லிக்காய் மரம் அதியமான் ஊரில் இருந்தது. அது கரு நெல்லி மரம். அதில் நன்கு வளர்ந்து முற்றிய ஒரு நெல்லிக்காய் மன்னன் கைக்கு வந்தது. நாட்டில் ஏதேனும் அரிதாகக் கிடைத்தால் அதை ஓடோடி வந்து மன்னரிடம் ஒப்படைப்பது பழங்கால இந்திய வழக்கம். புதையல் ஆனாலும் சரி, பெரிய வைரமானாலும் சரி, அரிதான பொருள் எல்லாம் இறைவனுக்குச் சமமான மன்னனுக்கே உரியது. இப்படிக் கிடைத்த அரிய நெல்லிக்காயை மன்னன் சாப்பிட்டால் நீண்ட காலம் வாழ்ந்து எல்லோருக்கும் மேலும் மேலும் உதவுவான் என்று மக்கள் எண்ணினர்.


ஆனால் அதியமானோ தமிழின் மீது ஆராக் காதல் கொண்டவன். நான் சாப்பிடுவதை விட, வயதான அவ்வைப் பாட்டி சாப்பிட்டு இன்னும் நீண்ட காலம் உயிர்வாழ்ந்தால் தமிழ் மொழியும் வாழும் உலகமும் உய்வு பெறும் என்று எண்ணி அதை அவ்வையாரிடம் கொடுக்கிறான். என்ன அதிசயம் பாருங்கள். அவ்வையார் வாழ்ந்தாரோ இல்லையோ அது பற்றி ஒன்றும் இலக்கியச் சான்று இல்லை. ஆனால் ஈராயிரம் ஆண்டுகளாக அதியமானின் புகழ் வாழ்கிறது. இன்னும் ஈராயிரம் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு தமிழ் வாழும் வரை அவன் புகழும் வாழும். தங்கமும் வைரமும் சாதிக்காத பணியை நெல்லிக்காய் சாதித்தது என்றால் அது அதிசிய நெல்லிதானே! இது காலத்தால் அழியாத புறநானூற்றுக் கவிதையில் (91) இடம் பெற்றுவிட்டது.


நீல மணிமிடற்று ஒருவன் போல

மன்னுக பெரும நீயே! தொன்னிலைப்

பெருமலை விடர் அகத்து அருமிசை கொண்ட

சிறி இலை நெல்லி தீங்கினி குறியாது,

ஆதல் நின்னகத்து அடக்கிச்

சாதல் நீங்க எமக்கு ஈந்தனையே.

(அதியமான் நெடுமான் அஞ்சி மீது ஔவையார் பாடியது-புறம் 91)

பொருள்: மலைச் சரிவிலே கடு முயற்சியுடன் பெற்ற நெல்லியின் இனிய கனியைப் பெறுதற்கு அரிது என்றும் கருதாது, அதனால் விளயும் பலனையும் கூறாது, அதை உன் மனதில் மட்டும் வைத்துக் கொண்டு என் மரணத்தைத் தவிர்க்க எனக்குக் கொடுத்தாயே நீ சிவ பெருமான் போல நீண்ட புகழோடு வாழ்வாயாக.


இந்தியவியலின் தந்தை ஆல்பிரூனி


ஆல்பிருனி என்பவர் இஸ்லாமியர்களில் மாமேதை. லியார்னோ டா வின்சி போல அவர் பல் துறை வித்தகர். பன் மொழிப் புலவர். கணிதம், மருத்துவம் ,வான சாத்திரம், உயிரியல், மொழியியல் என்று எல்லா துறைகளிலும் புலமை பெற்றவர். ஒரு பாரசீக மன்னர், அவரை இந்தியாவுக்கு அனுப்பி இந்து மத சாத்திர ரகசியங்களை அறிந்துவர உத்தரவிட்டார். அவர் கி.பி.1017 முதல் இந்தியாவில 13 ஆண்டுகள் தங்கி இந்திய அறிவியல் ரகசியங்களை அராபியர் மூலம் உலகத்துக்கு அறிவித்தார். இந்தியவியல் (Father of Indology) படிப்பின் தந்தை என்று இன்று அவரை உலகம் பாராட்டுகிறது. அவர் இந்தியாவின் சரித்திரம் என்ற புத்தகம் எழுதியுள்ளர். கஜினி முகமது படை எடுப்பு பற்றியும் எழுதியுள்ளார். அவர் நெல்லிக்காய் மகிமையை இந்தியர்களிடமிருந்து அறிந்து தனது மருத்துவப் புத்தகத்தில் எழுதியுள்ளார். திரிபலா சூர்ணத்தில் பயன்படும் கடுக்காய் மகிமையையும் எழுதியுள்ளார். நெல்லிக்காய், புளி ஆகியவற்றுடன் தயாரிக்கும் சில பொருட்களை அவர் குறிப்பிடுகிறார்.


நெல்லிக்காய் நிற விஷ்ணு


அருணகிரிநாதர் திருப்புகழில் விஷ்ணுவை கரு நெல்லி நிறத்துடன் ஒப்பிடுவது வியப்பான ஒரு உவமை. ஒருவேளை நெல்லி போல விஷ்ணுவும் நமக்கு ஆரோக்கியம் அருள்வான் என்பதை அருணகிரி நாதர் நமக்குச் சொல்லாமல் சொல்ல நினைக்கிறாரோ!! (கரு நெல்லி நிறமுடைய அரியின் மருகன் நீ)


“மருமல்லி யார் குழலின்    மடமாதர்

மருளுள்ளி நாயடியன்       அலையாமல்

இருநல்ல வாகும் உனது    அடிபேண

இனவல்ல மான மனது     அருளாயோ

கரு நெல்லி மேனியரி         மருகோனே

கன வள்ளியார் கணவ           முருகேசா

திருவல்லிதாயம் அதில்     உறைவோனே

திகழ் வல்ல மாதவர்கள்    பெருமாளே.


நெல்லிக்காயின் மகிமை 2000 ஆண்டுகளாக எழுதப்பட்டாலும் அந்த ஏழைகளின் ஆப்பிளுக்கு தமிழர்களிடையே இன்னும்  சரியான புகழ் கிட்டவில்லை! வட இந்தியர்கள் இதை தங்க பஸ்பம் போல கருதி பயன்படுத்துகிறார்கள்.