ABOUT SIN: from Tamil and Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.3653)

Picture of Hell with sinners

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 20 FEBRUARY 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 11-05 am

Post No. 3653

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

A sin committed does not, like a cow, bear fruit soon; one sees it sons and grandsons, it not in oneself; a sin necessarily bears consequences like a heavy (indigestible) meal in the belly –Mahabharata 1-75-2

naa dharmas carito raajan sadyah phalati gaur iva

putresu vaa naptrsu vaa n aced aatmani pasyati

phalaty eva dhruvam paapam gurubhuktam ivo dare

-Mbh 1-75-2

 

Tamil Veda Tirukkural on Sin

 

There may be forgiveness for any sin but not for ingratitude (Tirukkural 110)

 

For those who harmed the cows, who did abortions, who harmed Brahmins, there is atonement; but for those who have been ungrateful, there is no atonement- Alathur Kizar in Purnanauru verse 34

 

Harming Brahmins is a sin: Puram34, 43

 

 

Deeds forbidden by the wise – who dare to do them? –even if they succeed, suffer grief and troubles (Tirukkural 658)

 

Though he sees his mother starving, let him not do those actions which are condemned by the wise (Tirukkural 656)

 

Never do a wrong for which you repent afterwards. Once done repeat it not (Tirukkural 655)

 

All profits, that make others weep, depart with tears. Even if lost, blessings flow from good deeds(Tirukkural 659)

 

Even in adversity, men gifted with an unfaltering vision, never do actions that are disgraceful (Tirukkural 654)

 

Picture 2 of Hell

 

Manu on Sins

 

Five Great Sins/ Pancha mahaapaataka

 

Killing of Brahmana- Brahmahatya

Consuming liquor- suraapaanam

Stealing- Steyam

Misbehaving with teacher’s wife- Gurvanga naagamah

Having association with the above – Samsargi

 

Brahmahatyaa suraapaanamsteyam gurvanganaagamah

Mahanti paatakaanyaahustasamsargi cha panchamah

–Manu smrti 11-54

 

If one mainly practises virtue [punya] and to a lesser extent vice [påpa], one obtains bliss in a heavenly realm, clothed with those very elements. 12:20.

 

But if one primarily practices vice and less virtue, one suffers, deserted by the elements, the torments inflicted by Yama. Having endured those torments of Yama, one again enters, free from taint, those very five elements, each in due proportion. 12:21-22.

 

He who has committed an offence and has repented, is freed from that offence, but he is purified only by [the resolution of] ceasing [to sin and thinking] ‘I will do so no more.’11:231.

 

He who, having either unintentionally or intentionally committed a reprehensible deed, desires to be freed from [the blame of it, must not commit it a second time. 11:233.

 

Having thus considered in his mind what results will arise from his deeds after death, one should always be good in thoughts, speech, and actions. 11:232.

 

The penances for transgressions [made public] have been thus declared according to the law; learn next the penances for secret [transgressions]. 11:248.

 

Sixteen suppressions of the breath [Prå±åyama] accompanied by [the recitation of] the Vyåhritis and of the syllable Om, purify, if they are repeated daily, after a month even the murderer of a learned priest. 11:249.

 

Even a drinker of [the spirituous liquor called] Sura becomes pure, if he mutters the hymn [seen] by Kutsa, ‘Removing by thy splendour our guilt, O Agni,’ &c., [that seen] by Vasishtha, ‘With their hymns the Vasishthas woke the Dawn,’ &c., the Mahitra [hymn] and [the verses called] Suddhavatis. 11:250.

 

Even he who has stolen gold, instantly becomes free from guilt, if he once mutters [the hymn beginning with the words] ‘The middlemost brother of this beautiful, ancient Hotri-priest’ and the Sivasaºkalpa sûkta. 11:251.

 

But if one fasts for three days, bathing thrice a day, and reciting [while standing in water] the Aghamarshana sûkta (Rig Veda10-190), is [likewise] freed from all offences causing loss of caste. 11:260. 5

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Picture of Punyaloka/Heaven

Sin in Bhagavad Gita

 

What pleasure can be ours, O Krishna, after we have slain the sons of Dhritarashtra? Only SIN will accrue to us if we kill these malignant.

Alas, what a great SIN have resolved to commit in striving to slay our own people through our greed for the pleasures of the kingdom.1-36, 45

 

But if thou doest not this lawful battle, then thou wilt fail thy duty and glory and will incur SIN.

Treating alike pleasure and pain,gain and loss, victory and defeat, then get ready for battle. Thus thou shall not incur SIN. 2-33, 38

But by what is a man impelled to commit sin, as if by force, even against his will, O Krishna? 3-36

The All pervading Spirit does not take on the SIN or the merit of any. Wisdom is enveloped by ignorance; thereby creatures are bewildered. 5-15

But those men of virtuous deeds in whom SIN has come to an end, freed from the delusion of dulaities, worship Me steadfast in their vows. 7-28

The gateway of this hell leading to the ruin of the soul is threefold, lust, anger and greed. Therefore, these three one should abandon 16-21

 

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Man is never punished FOR his sins but BY his sins. To dissipate our energies through the sense organs is the vulgar hobby of the thoughtless mortal.

–Swami Chinmayananda

Sin and mercury are hard to digest- Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

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Five Karma Candaalaah

 

Five lowest category of people are:

Atheist – naastikah

Wicked -pisunah

Ungrateful- krtaghnah

Sinner- dirgha dosakah

By birth- janmatah

Naastikah pisunashchaiva krtaghno diirghadosakah

Chatwaarah karmachandaalaa janmataschaapi panchamah

 

–Subham–

 

 

You can tell Lies in Five Places:Mahabharata

emblem_of_india-svg

Written  by London swaminathan

Post No.2257

Date: 19 October 2015

Time uploaded in London: 16-13

Thanks for the pictures.

Don’t use pictures. Don’t reblog for at least a week.

SINLESS UNTRUTH

Earlier I wrote about the views of the greatest philosopher Adi Shnakara and the Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar on lying. Both Shankara and Valluvar allow us to tell lies under certain circumstances (See at the bottom of this article.)

Na narmayuktam vachanam hinasti na strishu raajan na vivaahakaale

Praanaatyayee sarvadhanaapahaare panchaanrutaanyaahurapaatakaani

–Mahabharata (Adi Parva) 82-16

It is said that if you tell lies under the following five circumstances, it is not considered a sin:

Strii: You can tell a lie to women

Narmayukti: As jokes

Vivaahakaala: During marriage (to bring a boy and a girl together)

Praanaatyaya: When your life is threatened

Dhanaapahaara: Loss of wealth.

Vyasa wrote Mahabharata in the beginning of Kaliyuga; he knew that lies can’t be avoided completely. But the end justifies the means. So if anything leads to a good end or a beneficial effect, then lying is justified.

Some simple examples:

A husband tells a small lie to his wife when he overpaid for the thing he got it for his wife such as flowers or sarees or gold ornaments. Men are not as shrewd as women in bargaining.

A lot of us crack jokes with children, women and friends and naturally we tell them lies to see the suspense or disappointment in their faces. We, in western countries, tell lot of lies to our children about Santa Claus bringing all the Christmas gifts through the chimney.

To bring a boy and girl together, a lot of lies are told. In Tamil there is a proverb that says ‘you can tell 1000 lies for a marriage to happen’. The boy is told that the girl looks like a film actress. When he sees her he realises that it is not true. Then all extra information is fed: though she is not that beautiful you will not get such a girl because she sings like koel (cuckoo) and cooks like Nala or Bhima (which is also not true). The girl is also told that the boy is like Manmatha (Cupid) and he earns a big fat salary, which may not be true.

To save one’s life, lying is allowed. If a robber is chasing a good man and he hides in our house, naturally we will tell him a lie to save the good man.

If someone tries to rob you off everything and your family will be ruined because of that, you can tell a lie to save whatever money you can save.

satyameva

Following is my article posted in 2014

When can you tell a lie? Adi Shankara’s Advice

By London Swaminathan
Post No. 838 Date. 13-02-2014

Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar and India’s greatest philosopher Adi Shankara give us guidelines about lying. Both of them allow us to tell lies if they can bring immense good. We have some anecdotes in Mahabharata where in there was a dilemma to tell the truth or not.

We are taught by the Vedas ‘satyam vatha’=speak the truth. That is the first command. The emblem of Government of India and the Government of Tamil Nadu has the Upanishad dictate ‘Satyameve Jayate’= truth alone triumphs. There is no contradiction in it when we say we are allowed to tell lies for the good of the humanity. Bhagavad Gita and other Hindu scriptures lists Honesty and Truth as very important qualities.

Upanishads has a beautiful story about a boy named ‘Truth Seeker’ =Satyakaman. When he came to Gautama for learning the Vedas he asked his caste and clan. He said that his mother’s name was Jabala. He asked him to go back to his mum to find the name of his father. She plainly told him that she did not know it. He went straight to Gautama and told what his mum said to him. Immediately he accepted him as a student saying this was the quality of a Brahmana. The meaning is whoever speaks truth, he is a Brahmana.

In spite of these high moral standards, Shankara and Valluvar allow us to tell a lie if it can do some good. In Tamil, there is a proverb that ‘one can do a marriage by telling one thousand lies’. We can easily read between the lines. Uniting two people in marriage is a good thing. So ignore minor things. Very often they ask ‘Is the boy handsome? The answer we get is ‘Yes he is very handsome’ Is the girl beautiful? Yes the girl is very beautiful. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Beauty in body is different form beauty in behaviour. So what they say is true.

coin satya

Story of Kausika

Sometimes truth may be worse than a lie. There is a beautiful story in the greatest and the longest epic in the world Mahabaharata. Kaushika was a Brahmana who made a vow of always speaking the truth. One day robbers were chasing a group of travellers in the forest. When they passed by Kaushika, he also noticed them. The robbers came to Kaushika and asked him whether he had seen the travellers. He told them where the travellers were hiding. The robbers went there, tortured and robbed the travellers. Kaushika had to go to hell for speaking the truth.

That is why Valluvar puts a sub clause when he said ‘yes, lying is allowed’:
Even untruth might attain the value of truth, if it is productive of UNMIXED GOOD, without the least blemish (Tirukkural 392)

Valluvar probably knew the story of Kaushika in Mahabharata. So he makes it clear in one of the verses:
“If one’s speech does not wrong any living creature, while being factually correct, that is truthfulness (Kural 291)”

1965-war-victory

Shankara’s View

Adi Shankara in the Prasna Uttara Ratna Malika (Gem Garland of Questions and Answers) hymn says
There are 67 verses in question and answer format. In the 46th verse he puts one question ‘Who is not to be trusted?’ The answer is ‘one who as a rule utters lies’.
In the next verse (47), one of the questions is ‘on what occasions even a lie is sinless?’ ‘That which is uttered for the sake of protecting righteousness (Dharma)’.
One should not harm anyone while telling a truth and one can tell a lie if it can bring some good to someone.

Plato’s View

SM Diaz in his commentary on Tirukkural adds:
“The eminent Greek philosopher Plato, of a date prior to Thiruvalluvar , has discussed in his Republic, the concept of the Noble Lie, which statesmen may use under certain circumstances as an instrument of state-craft or education. G.C.Field who discusses this matter in his book entitled The Philosophy of Plato quotes as example, Mr Churchill’s ‘ terminological inexactitudes’, used during World War II, as a means of deceiving the enemy, in the national interest.”
“ In the Mahabharata, Dharmaputra’s true statement, drowned in noise and made to appear false, in order to produce a certain good result, was also considered to come under this category. In Tamil Nadu the proverb that Even a thousand lies would be worthwhile to bring about a marriage, is based on the same principle of Plato’s Noble Lie.”

“Shakespeare projected an allied thought when he wrote,
If I do lie and do

No harm by it, though the Gods hear, I hope they will pardon it.
But this does not satisfy Valluvar’s acid test. Only truth should be accompanied by harmlessness; untruth should be productive of positive good to qualify for being classed with truth. Untruth which is just harmless may be fun but not truth.”

Aswaththama Hatha: Narova Kunjarova: (Aswaththama dead; whether man or elephant)
Krishna had arranged to have an elephant named Aswatthma sacrificed in the battle. Yudhistra confirmed that Aswatthma had been killed adding in a lower tone Aswaththama ‘the elephant’ or man which had been killed. This news shattered Aswatthma ‘s father Drona who threw down his arms in despair. Un armed Drona was killed by Dhristadymna . Like story of Kausika, this is also from the Mahabharata.

(In Indian coins and stamps, the National Emblem with the words TRUTH ALOE TRIUMPHS + Satyameva Jayate is is inscribed)

–Subham–

This is Heaven! Beautiful Description in Mahabharata!!

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by S.Nagarajan

Post No 1633; Dated 8th February 2015

 

In Vana Parva of Mahabharata , Heaven is described very beautifully. (Chapter 262 Mahabharata in Tamil) . Given below is a brief description of the chapter.

 

Once the great Sage Durvasa came to meet Rishi Mudgala. Mudgala received him with great reverence and offered him food. While they were talking a celestial messanger appeared before Mudgala and invited him to come along with him in his chariot to go to Swarka loka.

 

Mudgala asked him what constitutes happiness in heaven and what are the disadvantages thereof?

 

The celestial messenger was wonderstruck with these questions because everybody will jump on to his chariot once they are invited whereas this rishi is asking about the merits and demerits of heaven!

the-mahabharata-story-1-728

He addressed him as an unwise person and described him about the Heaven as follows:

 

” The region called Heaven exists there above us. Those regions tower high and are furnished with excellent paths and are always ranged by celestial cars.  Atheists  and untruthful persons and those that have not practiced ascetic austerities and those that have not performed great sacrifices cannot come there.

Only men of virtuous souls and those of subdued spirits and those that have their faculties in subjection and those that have controlled their senses and those that are free from malice and persons intent on practice of charity ; and heroes and men bearing marks of battle after having with subdued senses and faculties, performed the meritorious rites attain those regions.

There are established separately myriads of beautiful shining and replendent worlds bestowing every object of desire owned by those celestial beings, the gods, the sadhyas, the Vaiswas, the great sages, Yamas, the Dharmas, the Gandharvas and the apsaras.

There is that monarch of mountains the golden Meru extending over a space of thirty-three thousand yojanas.

 atred-free-happiness-

There are sacred gardens of celestials with Nandana at their head where sport the persons of meritorious acts.

 

And neither hunger, nor thirst, nor lassitude, nor fear, nor anything that is disgusting or inauspicious is there.

 

And all the odours of that place are delightful and the breezes delicious to the touch.

 

And all the sounds there are captivating to the ear and heart.

And neither grief, nor decrepitude, nor labour, nor repentance also is there. That world  obtained as the fruit of one’s own acts is of this nature.

 

Persons come there by virtue of their meritorious deeds. And the persons of those that dwell there look resplendent solely by virtue of their own acts and not owing to the merits of  their father or mothers.

golden himalayas

Who are Ribhus?

 

There is neither  sweat, stench nor urines.

 

There no one could soils one’s garments. And their excellent garlands redolent of divine fragrance never fade. They yoke such cars as the one I have brought now. Men live very happily there devoid of envy, grief , fatigue, ignorance and  malice.

Higher and higer over such regions there are others endued with higher celestial virtues – of these the beautiful and resplendent regions of Brahma.

Rishis  sanctified  by meritorious acts come to that  Brahma regions .

And there dwell certain beings named Ribhus. They are the gods of the gods themselves.

 

Their regions are supremely blessed and are adored even by the deities. These shine by their own light and bestow every object of desire.

They sufer no pangs that women might cause and do not possess worldly wealth and are free from guile.

himalaya-mountain-lake

The Ribhus do not subsist on oblations nor yet on ambrosia. They are endued with such celestial forms that they cannot be perceived by the senses. And these eternal gods of the celestials do not desire happiness for happiness’ sake, nor do they change at the revolution of a Kalpa.

 

For them there is neither ecstacy, nor joy, nor happiness. They have neither happiness nor misery. The number of those deities is thirty-three. Wise men come to these regions, after observing excellent vows or bestowed gifts according to the ordinance.

 

– Disadvantages of  the Heaven ,in the next article.

நேராகப் படித்தால் ராமாயணம்; தலைகீழாகப் படித்தால் மஹாபாரதம்!

ram,maha

நேராகப் படித்தால் ராமாயணம்; தலைகீழாகப் படித்தால் மஹாபாரதம்!

ச.நாகராஜன்

Written by S Nagarajan
Post No.1104; dated 13th June 2014.

ராமாயண, மஹாபாரதம்
ஹிந்து தர்மத்தின் அற்புதமான இதிஹாஸங்களாக இலங்குபவை ராமாயணமும் மஹாபாரதமும். வேதத்தின் சுருக்கமே ராமாயணம் என்றும் ஐந்தாவது வேதம் தான் மஹாபாரதம் என்றும் தொன்று தொட்டு இந்த நாட்டில் போற்றப்பட்டு வருகிறது.உலகில் முதல் முதல் எழுந்த காவியம் என்பதால் ஆதி காவியம் என ராமாயணம் கருதப்படுகிறது. 644 ஸர்க்கங்களில் 24000 சுலோகங்களில் ஏழு காண்டங்களில் தர்மத்தின் திரு உருவான ராமனின் கதையை சம்ஸ்கிருதத்தில் மஹரிஷி வால்மீகி தருகிறார்.

18 பர்வங்களில் (100 உப பர்வங்களில்) ஒரு லட்சம் சுலோகங்களில் 2314 அத்தியாயங்களில் மஹரிஷி வேத வியாஸரால் மஹா பாரதம் இயற்றப்பட்டுள்ளது.

காலம் காலமாக இந்த இரு இதிஹாஸங்களும் உலகின் எல்லாப் பகுதிகளிலும் ஏராளமானோரை பல்லாயிரக்கணக்கில் கட்டுரைகள், நூல்கள் மற்றும் காவியங்களை வெவ்வேறு மொழிகளில் இயற்ற ஊக்குவித்திருப்பதை உலகமே அறியும்.

தைவக்ஞர் சூரிய கவி
ஆனால் பாரதத்தைச் சேர்ந்த மூன்று அதிசயக் கவிஞர்கள் இந்த இரு இதிஹாஸங்களை வைத்து ஒரு அற்புதமான அதிசயமான செயலை சம்ஸ்கிருத மொழியில் சாதித்துள்ளனர்.
தைவக்ஞர் சூரிய கவி என்பவர் பெரும் சம்ஸ்கிருத விற்பன்னர், கவிஞர்! அவர் 36 ஸ்லோகங்கள் அடங்கிய ராமகிருஷ்ண விலோம காவ்யம் என்று ஒரு காவியத்தை இயற்றியுள்ளார். இதில் ஸ்லோகத்தை முதலிலிருந்து படித்துக் கொண்டு போனால் ராமாயணக் கதையைக் காணலாம். ஸ்லோகத்தின் பின்னாலிலிருந்து திருப்பிப் படித்துக் கொண்டு போனால் வருவது இன்னொரு ஸ்லோகம். அதில் மஹாபாரதக் கதையைக் காணலாம். விகடகவி, தேருவருதே போன்ற சொற்களில் வரும் எழுத்துக்களைத் தலைகீழாகத் திருப்பிப் போட்டாலும் அதே சொற்கள் வருவது ஒரு சொல் அலங்காரம். இதை ஆங்கிலத்தில் Palindrome என்கிறோம்.

ஒரு ஸ்லோகம் அல்ல, பல ஸ்லோகங்கள் அடங்கிய ஒரு காவியமே இப்படி அமைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது என்றால்..! வியக்க வைக்கும் இந்தக் காவியத்திலிருந்து உதாரணத்திற்கு இரு பாடல்களை இங்கு காணலாம்.

ramayan,mahabaharat

கௌசிகே த்ரிதபஸி ஷ்ரவ்ரதி யோத்ததாத் த்விதநயஸ்வமாதுரம் I
ரந்துமாஸ்வயன தத்தித்தாதயோ தீவ்ர ரக்ஷஸி பதத்ரிகேஷிகௌ II
-ஆறாவது ஸ்லோகம்

இதன் பொருள் : எல்லா உயிரினங்களின் ஆசைகளை நிறைவேற்ற உறுதி பூண்ட தசரத மன்னர், (மனோ வாக்கு காயம் ஆகிய )மூன்று விதத்திலும் தவம் செய்த ரிஷி விஸ்வாமித்திரருக்குத் தன் செல்வங்களான ராமர், லக்ஷ்மணரைத் தந்தார்.

இதே ஸ்லோகத்தை திருப்பிப் போட்டுப் படித்தால் பொருள் மாறி விடும் இப்படி:- புண்ணியச் செயல்களைச் செய்த ஓ, பரீட்சித்து மன்னனே, ராக்ஷஸ குணத்தில் வேறு யாரையும் ஒப்பிடமுடியாத பூதனையையும் பறவையின் உருவில் இருந்த பகனையும் குதிரையின் உருவில் இருந்த கேசினையும் விளையாட்டு லீலையாக எல்லையற்ற ஞானம் உடைய ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணர் அவர்கள் உடலிலிருந்து (உயிரை நீக்கி) முக்தி அளித்தார்.

rama brown

இதே காவியத்திலிருந்து இன்னொரு பாடலைப் பார்ப்போம்.
க்ஷதாய மா யத்ர ரகோரிதாயுர் அங்கானுகானன்யதயோயனானி I
நிநாய யோ வன்யனகானுகாரம் யுதாரிகோரத்ரயமாயதாக்ஷ: II
– 34வது ஸ்லோகம்

இதன் பொருள் : சுக்ரீவனும் இதர குரங்குகளும் யுத்தகளத்தில் நுழைந்தவுடன் அழியப் போகும் வாழ்வை உடையவனான ராவணனால் ராமருக்கு எந்தக் காயத்தையும் விளைவிக்க முடியவில்லை.
இதையே பின்னாலிலிருந்து படித்தால் வரும் பொருள் இது: நீண்ட கண்களையுடைய ஸ்ரீ கிருஷ்ணர் மலை போன்ற உருவத்தை ஒத்த (அகாசுரன், கேசின், பூதனா ஆகிய) மூன்று பயங்கரமான அசுரர்களை வதம் செய்தான்.

இது போன்ற விலோம காவியத்தின் ஆதிகர்த்தா சூர்யகவியே என ஆய்வாளர்கள் கருதுகின்றனர். அவர் பார்த்தபுரத்தில் (அஹ்மத் நகர்) 1580ஆம் ஆண்டு வாக்கில் வாழ்ந்த அற்புதமான கவிஞர். இதற்கு அவரே ஒரு உரையையும் எழுதி இருக்கிறார். அதில் இப்படிப்பட்ட ஒரு காவியம் செய்வது எவ்வளவு கஷ்டமானது என்பதையும் விளக்கியுள்ளார்.

rama B&W

சிதம்பர கவியின் அற்புத காவியங்கள்
அடுத்து 1600ஆம் ஆண்டில் தஞ்சாவூரில் வாழ்ந்த சிதம்பர கவி என்பவர் சப்தார்த்த சிந்தாமணி என்ற நூலை இயற்றியுள்ளார். இதிலும் முதலிலிருந்து படித்தால் ராமாயணமும் பின்னாலிலிருந்து படித்தால் மஹாபாரதக் கதையும் மிளிரும். தஞ்சை சரஸ்வதி மஹாலில் சுவடி வடிவில் உள்ள இந்த அற்புத நூல் இன்னும் அச்சிடப்படவில்லை எனத் தெரிகிறது. ஆனால் இதன் பெருமை உலகெங்கும் பரவி விட்டிருக்கிறது.இவர் இன்னும் ஒரு படி மேலே போய் கதா த்ரயம் என்ற காவியத்தையும் இயற்றி இருக்கிறார். இதில் ஸ்லோகத்தைப் பிரித்துப் படித்துப் பார்த்தால் ராமாயணம், மஹாபாரதம் ஆகியவற்றோடு பாகவதக் கதையையும் படிக்கலாம், ஒரே பாடலில் மூன்று பிரம்மாண்டமான நூல்கள்! அதிசயம், ஆனால் உண்மை! உலகில் இது போல எந்த ஒரு மொழியிலும் நினைத்துக் கூடப் பார்க்க முடியாத சாதனையாக இது கருதப்படுகிறது!

கவிஞர் வேங்கடாத்வரி
சிதம்பர கவியை அடுத்து அதிசயமான மூன்றாவது கவிஞராகத் திகழ்பவர் வேங்கடாத்வரி என்பவர். 1650ஆம் ஆண்டு வாக்கில் காஞ்சிபுரத்தில் வாழ்ந்த மாபெரும் கவிஞர் இவர். இவரது ராகவ யாதவீயம் என்பது 30 ஸ்லோகங்களைக் கொண்ட ஒரு அரிய நூல். ஸ்லோகத்தை நேரடியாகப் படித்தால் ராமாயணக் கதையையும் தலைகீழாகப் படித்தால் மஹாபாரத கதையையும் இதில் படிக்க முடிகிறது.இதில் இரு ஸ்லோகங்களைப் பார்க்கலாம்.

ராமநாமா சதா கேதபாவே தயாவான் அதாபீனதேஜா: ரிபௌ ஆனதே I
காதிமோதாஸஹாதா ஸ்வபாஸா ரஸாமே சுக: ரேணுகாகாத்ரஜே பூருமே II
-ஸ்லோகம் 7
அனுலோமமாக அதாவது முதலிலிருந்து கடைசி வரை வரிசைக்கிரம்மாகப் பார்த்தால் இதன் பொருள் : துயரப்படுவோரிடம் எப்போதும் சதா கருணையுடன் திகழும் ராமபிரான், சூரியனைப் போலப் பிரகாசிப்பவரும் சுலபமாக அணுகக்கூடியவரும் முனிவர்களைத் துன்புறுத்திய ராக்ஷஸர்களை அழித்தவருமான அவர் ரேணுகாவின் புத்திரரும் பூமி அனைத்தையும் தனது செல்வமாகக் கொண்டு சுற்றித் திரிந்தவருமான பரசுராமரைப் பார்த்த போது குளிர்ந்த ஒளியுடன் அடக்கமுடன் திகழ்ந்தார்.
இதையே திருப்பிப் போட்டால் வரும் ஸ்லோகம்:

மேருபூஜேத்ரகா காணுரே கோஸுமே சா அரஸா பாஸ்வதா ஹா சதா மோதிகா I
தேன வா பாரிஜாதேன பீதா நவா யாதவே அபாத் அஸ்வேதா சமானாமரா II

பிரதிலோமமாக அதாவது கடைசியிலிருந்து முதல் வரை (மேலே உள்ள ஸ்லோகப்படி பார்த்தால்) இதன் பொருள் : மேருவையும் வெல்லும் ரைவர்த்தக மலையில் இருந்தபோது பாரிஜாத மலரை அடைந்த ருக்மிணி பூமியில் உள்ள குறைந்த வாசனையே உள்ள எந்த புஷ்பங்களின் மீதும் ஆசையின்றிப் போனதோடு ஒரு புதிய மேனியை அடைந்தவள் போலத் திகழ்ந்தாள்.
ஆக அனுலோமமாகவும் பிரதிலோமமாகவும் உள்ள இந்த விலோம காவியத்தின் அனைத்துப் பாடல்களையும் வார்த்தை வார்த்தையாக எடுத்து அர்த்தத்தைக் கூறப் போனால் கவிதையின் அழகும் ஆழமும் நன்கு புரிவதோடு பிரமிப்பும் வியப்பும் வரும்.

krishna and balarama
Picture of Krishna and his brother Balarama.

இன்னும் ஒரு பாடல்:
தாம் ஸ: கோரமதோஷ்ரீத: விக்ராம் அஸதர: அதத I
வைரம் ஆஸ பலாஹாரா வினாஸா ரவிவம்சகே II
– ஸ்லோகம்18

அனுலோமமாக இதன் பொருள்: ராமனின் வலதுகரமாகத் திகழ்ந்த பயமே அறியாத லக்ஷ்மணனால் மூக்கு அறுபட்டவுடன் சூர்ப்பணகை ராமன் மேல் பழி வாங்கத் துடித்தாள்.
இந்த ஸ்லோகத்தை பிரதிலோமமாக கடைசியிலிருந்து தலைகீழாக எழுதிப் பார்த்தால் வருவது இந்த ஸ்லோகம்:-

கேசவம் விரஸானாவி: ஆஹ ஆலாபஸமாரவை: I
ததரோதஸம் அக்ராவித: அஷ்ரித: அமரக: அஸதாம் II

இதன் பொருள்:-மலைகளின் கொட்டமழிப்பவனும், தேவர்களின் தலைவனும், அசுரர்களை அழிப்பவனுமான இந்திரன் தனது சந்தோஷம், பலம், ஒளி ஆகியவற்றை இழந்தான். வானையும் பூமியையும் படைத்த கிருஷ்ணனிடம் சமாதானப்படுத்தும் சொற்களைப் பேசினான்.
காவியம் படிப்போம்; பரப்புவோம்!

(சம்ஸ்கிருத) இலக்கணத்திற்குட்பட்டு பொருள் பொதிந்த சொற்களை இப்படி அமைப்பதென்பது இறை அருளினால் மட்டுமே வரும் என சூரிய கவியே மனம் நெகிழ்ந்து சொல்லியுள்ளார்.
இப்படிப்பட்ட தெய்வீகக் கவிஞர்கள் இந்த நாட்டில் தோன்றி இதிஹாஸ மேன்மையையும் சம்ஸ்கிருத அருமையையும் நிலை நாட்டி இருப்பது சனாதன தர்மத்தின் ஏராளமான அதிசயங்களுள் இன்னும் ஒரு அதிசயமே!
krisna bow

ராமகிருஷ்ண விலோம காவ்யத்தை சம்ஸ்கிருதத்தில் படிக்க விரும்புபவர்கள் கீழ்க்கண்ட இணையதளத்தில் http://sanskritdocuments.org/all_pdf/raamakrshhna.pdf என்ற தொடுப்பிலிருந்து இலவசமாக டவுன்லோட் செய்து கொள்ளலாம்.

ராகவ யாதவீயம் காவியத்திற்கு ஆங்கிலத்தில் விரிவான அழகான உரை ஒன்றை எழுதி இருப்பவர் டாக்டர் சரோஜா ராமானுஜம்.இந்த சம்ஸ்கிருத ஸ்லோகத்திற்கான ஆங்கில விரிவுரை நூலையும் இணையதளத்தில் காணலாம்.

அருமையான காவியங்களை உலகிற்குத் தரும் இணைய தளங்களுக்கும் உரை எழுதிய சம்ஸ்கிருத விற்பன்னர்களுக்கும் நமது நன்றிகளை உரித்தாக்கி இக் காவியங்களின் பெருமையை உலகில் பரப்புவோம்!.ராம கிருஷ்ணரின் அருளுக்குப் பாத்திரராவோம்!!
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Do Hindus Believe in ETs and Alien Worlds?

By S Swaminathan

Do Hindus Believe in ETs and Alien Worlds? YES is the answer. We have plenty of evidence in Tamil and Sanskrit literature to confirm this. We have got evidence of Travel in Time and Dilation of Time in Mahabharata. We have clear description of aliens and Extra Terrestrials (ET) in our scriptures. The Laws of Physics declared by Newton and Einstein fail in their world. Scientists also agree all the laws of physics don’t work inside the black holes. Scientists also agree that in the world of quantum physics even an observer can influence the results of experiments he or she does.

 

Hindus see time as cyclical. Modern scientists see it as linear. When Arjuna asked Krishna how come he existed at the time of Vivaswan (Chapter 4-5, Bhagavad Gita), Krishna explained to him that soul is eternal. Everyone existed at that time and they will exist in future as well. He also showed him what is going to happen in the war (Vibhuti Yoga, Bhagavad Gita), again travel in time.

 

The more scientists explain Time and Black holes, better we understand our own scriptures. Till we read about black holes, worm holes and quantum physics ,all the miracles in our scriptures sound mumbo jumbo to us. Hindus believe that they can even influence the events happened in the past. We see it in several stories involving saints. The most famous Tamil Saivite saint Tiru Gnana Sambandhar of seventh century AD did lot of miracles like changing the sex of the Palmyra tree etc. But the most remarkable of all his miracles is bringing back a girl several years after her death. The girl was killed by a snake bite when she was a little girl. When the saint visited that spot the father of the girl cried and told him what happened several years ago. He asked him to bring the pot of  funeral ash. Gnana Sambandhar not only brought the girl alive from the pot of ash but also as a teenage girl. She had grown up to twelve. That means they can influence the past. Even in her death her normal growth was maintained. Though she died as a child she came back as a teenager to make the time she lost.

One of the Indian saints has explained beautifully well how the Hindu saints view past, present and future. They see it from the top of a mountain like a river flowing down. They go up (beyond time or above time) and view it as an observer. They interfere in it in extreme cases.

The story of time dilation

 

Arjuna was taken to Indra Loka by Matali in his special chariot (may be a spaceship). When he asked about the stars he saw in the sky he was told that they are holy spirits. Hindus believe that the seven great saints (Sapta Rishis) are in Ursa Major constellation. They have separate stars for Agastya (Canopus), Tri Shanku (Southern Cross) and Dhruva (Pole Star). The theory of Time dilation is explained in the story of Arjuna’s travel to Indraloka where Arjuna got a magical weapon.

Revati story : The Bhagavatha Purana story of Revati also explains time dilation. When his father went to see Brahma to find a suitable boy for her because she was so tall, Brahma laughed at him. Brahma told him that he had already lost thousands of years because the time scale was different in Brahmaloka and earth. When they came back to earth, the human beings were more shrunk. The story showed that our forefathers understood time dilation.

In Einstein’s Theory of Relativity, time dilation is an actual difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by observers either moving relative to each other or differently situated from gravitational masses. An accurate clock at rest with respect to one observer may be measured to tick at a different rate when compared to a second observer’s own equally accurate clocks. This effect arises neither from technical aspects of the clocks nor from the fact that signals need time to propagate, but from the nature of space time itself. You can indeed travel  very near the speed of light for a short time and come back to Earth, where some millions of years have passed.  Light travels at the speed of 186 000 miles per second. No one can exceed this limit. With all the modern space science we are nowhere near the speed of light. But if one can travel at the speed of light he will be a Markandeya for ever (Sweet sixteen for ever).

Deva’s three qualities:

 

Nala and Damayanti story: When Damyanti’s swayamvaram was announced , even the celestials wanted to marry her. Swayam waram is choosing a man independently from among the assembled kings and princes. This was practised by kingly caste in ancient India. But Damayanti was warned to avoid the four celestials and choose her own favourite prince Nala . She was given some clues to identify the celestials. She was told the celestials

Feet Don’t touch earth (floating)

Eyes Don’t Wink

Garlands Never Wither Away (ever fresh);

Other qualities attributed the celestials: No Gender Difference, No aging and their Life Span is very ,very long compared with Human beings .They are always happy; they enjoy Life. The description of the Devas/celestials showed very clearly there are different worlds for humans and super humans alias Devas.

Concept of Time:

Deva’s  life span is very different from ours. It may sound strange to us. But if we understand the life span of other living beings on earth then we can understand it better. Look at the following example:

The life span of a fly is just one day, that is 24 hours. Two flies were talking to each other:

Son (fly): Mum who are those tall guys we are sitting upon now?

Mum (fly): Oh! They are human beings. They live 100 years.

Son: What is 100 years, Mum?

Mum: We will die in 24 hours, what they call a day. But they live for hundred years. That means they are going to be here for 365 days X 100 yearsX24 hours.

Son: Mum, I can’t even imagine that number. It is incredible.  I see a big creature coming there. What is it Mum?

Mum: Now we are in a Zoo. They are tortoises. They live 350 years. That means 365 days X 350 years X 24 hours.

Son: Mum, it is interesting and unbelievable. So they live very, very long.

Mum: I will show you more.  Look at this. This is called sea clam. Clams live up to 450 years in human calculation. Look at that tree. It is called Methuselah. Human beings have calculated its age as 5000 years and it is still alive. It is in California, USA.

Son: Mum, amazing. That means the tree lives 5000 years X 365 daysX100=1825000 000 times of our life span. I don’t want to multiply by 24 hours because the number will be huge. Mum ,are there any creatures who live longer?

(The number 100 in the above is to compare it in a fly’s life span)

Mum: Yes, of course. On the other day I listened to two Hindus talking about Brahma, their God of Creation. His life span according to Hindus is huge. He lives 311 trillion human years.

Son fly: Where is Brahma and his world?

Mum fly: I don’t know. Look above. There are millions of stars. May be he is there. Hindus always say that the Gods and angels are in the seven worlds above them. My darling, stop talking. My life span is almost finished. We will have a good feast before I die. Take care. You will also be here only for few more hours. But the eggs your wife have laid will be hatched soon. So, don’t worry.

 

Brahma’s Age

The life span of Brahma is 100 Brahma years or 72,000 kalpas or 311.04 trillion human years. At the end of Brahma’s life all the worlds are dissolved. Great deluge follows. Two Kalpas make the day and night of Brahma. A Kalpa is equal to 4.32 billion human years according to our mythology.

Nasadiya Sukta of Rig Veda explains the origin of universe. The universe came in to existence from the “WORD”. In short Hindus believed in Big Bang and Big Shrink. It is like blowing a balloon and letting out the air, blowing it again.

Let us stop for a minute and think. Even if the calculations are exaggerated we must at least agree that they knew different time planes. Human years are very different from divine years. More over like the example of a fly and Methuselah tree we know they can exist at the same time on earth with a huge difference in life span. If we compare ourselves to Brahma’s life span we see such a difference. But if we are in different worlds we may not even realise it.

 

King of Tele Transportation

Hindu mythology is full of stories about Narada, the greatest Time traveller. He is Triloka Chanchari-one who travels between the three worlds. He can tele transport himself  in a fraction of a second. Hindus believe that we can travel faster than light. We call it Mano Veha- speed of the mind. By thinking we can travel billions of light years and if you have enough Yogic power you can physically present yourself there. Einstein will be disappointed to know that we will beat him soon.

Amazing power of human mind

You Are What You Think
Santanam Swaminathan, London

Human mind has amazing powers. But many of us do not realize this. Our epics and Puranas illustrate the power of mind with beautiful stories. Every person creates some kind of vibration. Some people are pleasure to be with. They seem to have a certain energy that they share with others. Then there are those who are negative and depressed; they seem to draw energy out of others. The reason for this is that there is a power contained in thought. It is very subtle, yet it does exist and is extremely powerful. ‘’Every thought has weight, shape, size, form, colour, quality, and power. An experienced yogi can see this directly with his inner eye. Just as an apple can be given to your friend, or taken back, so also it is possible to give a useful, powerful thought to someone and take it back.’’-says Swami Vishnu Devananda.

Many of us know that we are what we eat. But only a few people knew we are what we think. Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita says,’’Let a man lift himself by himself: let him not degrade himself: for the self alone is the friend of the self and self alone is the enemy of the self’(Chapter VI-Sloka 5;translation by Sarvapalli Dr S. Radhakrishnan).

The following six stories show that how a man can elevate himself simply by thinking something good.

ekata Dwita Trita

STORY No.1
Trita is a great seer of ancient times who was well versed in the Vedas. His two brothers Ekata and Dwita who were less learned, accompanied Trita to various yagnas (Yagna: A fire Ceremony to please the god) and collected a lot of cattle between them. Once while out in a forest, Ekata and Dwita decided to take all the cattle for themselves and abandon Trita. They were then attacked by a wolf and all of them ran in different directions. Trita hid in a deep well and shouted for help, but Ekata and Dwita ran away from there in spite of hearing Trita’s cries for help.

Trita being unable to get out of the well by himself, decided to perform a yagna to please the gods. By sheer mental force he imagined the availability of various sacred articles he needed and then conducted such a stupendous yagna and the gods were pleased. They then arranged for his release and gave him a boon through which the well became very holy. This story is in Mahabharata (Parva 9, Chapter 36).

Here we see one who did a great yagna mentally.
By the way,look at the names in Sanskrit Ekta, Dwita and Trita which mean
No1,No 2 and No 3.

story of ekalavya

STORY No.2
Ekalavya was the son of Hiranyadhanu, a tribal chief. Having come to know of the greatness of Drona as a teacher, Ekalavya tried to enrol himself as a pupil. But Drona declined to accept him, because he was teaching the royals-Pandavas and Kauravas.
Ekalavya then went into the forest and erected a statue of of Drona. He imagined the statue as his guru and derived inspiration from the statue. He mastered the art of archery and became a great archer.

Once the Kaurava and Pandava princes saw a dog whose mouth had been skilfully closed by a number of arrows that he could not bark. Admiring this unique feat they looked around for the archer. They found out Ekalavya was the archer. When they enquired him who his teacher was, he told that he was a pupil of Drona. It came as a surprise for them. Arjuna was upset because he was told by Drona that he was his best student. But here he saw a person who excelled him in the art of archery. When Drona was informed of all these things, he came to Ekalavya. Ekalavya was thrilled to meet his ‘Guru’in person. But Drona demanded his right thumb as Guru Dakshina( Fees to Guru). Ekalavya did give his thumb without any hesitation. Without his right thumb he was not able to shoot the arrows as before. Here wee see one’s devotion to Guru and a person’s mental power to obtain any thing. He just imagined an earthen statue as his Guru and attained the unachievable for a layman. This story is also in Mahabharata(Parva1, chapter132).

pusalar2

STORY No.3

Here is story from the Tamil book ‘Periya Puranam’ about a saint who built a temple in mind and consecrated it mentally. Pusalar was born in a Brahmin family at Tiruvarur.
He was a great devotee of Lord Siva and he wanted to build a temple for Him. He sought every means to find the money required for this purpose but was unsuccessful. Nothing daunted, he resolved to erect a temple in his own heart. He gathered all the necessary materials to build a temple in his mind. He chose an auspicious day and laid the foundation stone and the temple rose slowly higher and higher day after day. When he finished it building mentally, he fixed a day for the great Kumbabishekam (ceremonial consecration).

About this time the all powerful Pallava king had built an actual temple at Kanchipuram-the famous Kailasanathar temple at Kanchi. He expended all his wealth on its construction. He fixed the same day for consecration of the actual temple. But Lord Siva appeared in his dream and told him that he could not come on the day because Pusalar Nayanar had built a temple and the Kumbabhishekan was on the same day. The king had to postpone his Kumbabishekam. But he became curious about the other temple built by Pusalar. The king travelled to Tiruninravur and asked the way for the temple. The people of the town told him that there was no new temple or any Kumbabhishekam in the town. The king told them that he had a dream and Lord Siva told him that there was a temple built by one Pusalar. When they brought Pusalar in front of him the whole story unfolded in full. Pusalar was thrilled to know that Lord Siva recognised his temple built in heart better than the temple built by the king in stone. Such is the greatness of thought power.

This is a marvellous story. It shows that our forefathers knew more about the mind than what the modern psychologists knew today.

ascetic good

STORY No. 4

Here is a beautiful story narrated by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa:
A saffron clad sanyasin(ascetic) dwelt by the side of a temple. There was the house of a harlot in front. Seeing the constant concourse of men in the prostitute’s house, the sanyasin one day called her, saying’’You are a great sinner. You sin day and night. Oh, miserable will be your lot in your next life’’. The poor prostitute became extremely sorry for her misdeeds, and with genuine inward repentance she prayed to god beseeching forgiveness. But the prostitution was he profession, she could not adopt any other means of earning her livelihood. And so, whenever her flesh sinned, she always reproached herself with greater contrition of heart and prayed to god for more and more forgiveness.

The sanyasin saw that his advice had apparently produced no effect upon her and started counting the number of people visiting her every day. He did it by putting one pebble stone for every customer in front of her house. In course of years it became a big heap.
He chided her now and then showing the heap of stones/her sins. Now she started praying more intensely asking for forgiveness. The final day came. By rare co incidence both the sanyasin and the prostitute died on the same day. The messengers of Yama(God of death) took the sanyasin to hell and the prostitute to the heaven!! The sanyasin was furious to see this and demanded for explanation. The messengers laughed at him and told him’’You passed your life in external show as a sanyasin. Your heart never sincerely yearned for god. You spent more time in counting the sins of others. But this poor prostitute earnestly prayed to god day and night, though her body sinned all the while. She was pure in heart. You were not pure in mind/heart.

This story lays more emphasis on good thoughts rather than good external rituals.

tales_of_narada_acl56

SDTORY No.5

Once Narada (messenger in the Heaven) approached Lord Vishnu and asked who his best devotee was. He expected the answer to put him as the best. But to his surprise Lord Vishnu said that Arjuna was his best devotee. Narada was not satisfied with his answer. The Lord knew what went in Narada’s mind. Narada doubted the integrity and impartiality of the Lord. So Lord showed Narada two heaps of flowers and started explaining ‘’Look at the small heap of flowers. That is yours. What you have offered me all through your life is saved there. Look at the hill of flowers there. That is Arjuna’s. Now Narada became even more suspicious. He boldly opened his mouth to say, Well, I am Triloka Sanchari (Traveller of the three worlds). I have never seen Arjuna doing Puja (flower offering) to you. How do you explain this hill of flowers? Then Lord told him, you do the puja with your hands with great pride in your mind. But Arjuna does it in his mind. Whenever and wherever he sees beautiful flowers, he dedicates them to me saying ‘Krisna arpanam astu’(Let all this go to Krishna). Narada realised that open rituals are far inferior to great mental purity.

astrologer
STORY NO.6
Here is another story from the excellent magazine called Tatvaloka (March 2004):
There was a famous astrologer in a village who mastered the art of astrology and palmistry. One day a farmer came to see him to know about his future. The astrologer examined the lines on his palm and found out that he might die in an accident that day. He did not like to reveal this to the farmer, as that would shock him. So he told the farmer to come and see him the next day. While the farmer was on his way home, there was heavy rain with thunder and lightning. The farmer took shelter in a temple of Lord Siva. When he saw the temple in ruins, he said to himself, ‘’if I was rich I would have renovated this temple.’ Then he started imagining the renovation and reconstruction of the temple. He was mentally constructing a new temple tower and a huge corridor, with carved pillars. But he was brought out of his dreamy status by the hiss of a cobra coming out of a hole in the broken wall.

His imagination of building a temple broke to pieces and he ran out of the dilapidated temple to save his life. The next moment a massive lightning struck the temple and the huge edifice, heavy stone pillars, all collapsed.. The farmer thanked the god for saving him and next day he met the astrologer. ‘’Your palm lines indicated a danger for your life yesterday. You should have accumulated great amount of punya by constructing a temple and so you are alive today. The farmer realised the mercy of god who had granted him his life for building an imaginary temple. Every good thought is considered by god as a good deed and one gets the benefit of it.

Who is Chitra Gupta?

Every thought counts. Our grandmas and grand dads say that Yama’s accountant maintain the accounts of sins and meritorious deeds of all human beings.
Yama’s accountant is Chitra Gupta. Translated in to English it means ‘’hidden picture’’.
That is our thoughts. It is like Issac Newton’s law of motion- there is an equal and opposite reaction for every action. Our thoughts are accounted. On the final day you are rewarded or punished. How scientific is Hinduism!!!

Let us all Think Good. Let us all Aim High.
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