Post No. 10,231

Date uploaded in London – 19 OCTOBER  2021         

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There is a beautiful poem (RV.10-101) about farming in the Rig Veda. There are several references to agricultural implements in the Vedic Hymns. They are found throughout the Rig Veda; so no half baked fellow could say this is in the latest Vedic stage. Not only that, the grains such as paddy ,wheat and barley are mentioned in the Rig Veda.

In the Havis that was offered to the gods in the fire we see this occurring again and again. Even the foreigners with jaundice eyes said that Yava did not mean barley alone in all the places, but the term was used for ‘grains’.

Above all these things, one poet calls his comrades ‘Come on :Let us go to the fields and plough the lands’. A few thousand years after this Rig Vedic poet, Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar composed 10 couplets on Farming echoing the Rig Vedic poet. Bharati ,the greatest of the modern Tamil poets also sang,

‘Let us salute farming and industry and

Let us insult the people who indulge and waste time.’


The Vedic Hindus were primarily agriculturists . In one and the same family we see a doctor, grinder of corns and a poet!

‘I am a poet, my daddy is a doctor and my mother a labourer who grinds corn’ (RV 9-112-3)

“3. A bard am I, my dad’s a leech (doctor), mammy lays corn upon the stones.

     Striving for wealth, with varied plans, we follow our desires like kine. Flow, Indu, flow for Indra’s sake.” (RV 9-112-3)

It was sung by a poet named Sisu Angiras.

This poem has a refrain, ‘Flow Indu, Flow for Indra’s sake’

This is called ‘Farmers song’, a genre followed throughout India by the farmers. Ancient Tamil literature also described this as Uzavar Othai (farmers song).


Bhagawan Singh in his book ‘The Vedic Harappans’, listed over 55 agricultural terms from the Rig Veda itself.

He has shown that there were Landlords during Vedic Times who employed agricultural labourers.


Page 137

“In the Rigveda  4-57 , we  find a very titillating description of plough operation. More than that it suggests that in a number of cases the owners of the plots did not till the land themselves, but engaged labourers to do the job:-

RV 4-57

1. WE through the Master of the Field, even as through a friend, obtain     What nourishes our cattle and steeds. In such may he be good to us.

2. As the cow yields milk, pour for us freely, Lord of the Field, the wave that bears sweetness,     Distilling mead, well-purified like butter, and let the. Lords of holy Law be gracious.

3. Sweet be the plants for us. the heavens, the waters, and full of sweets for us be air’s mid-region.      May the Field’s Lord for us be full of sweetness, and may we follow after him uninjured.

4. Happily work our steers and men, may the plough furrow happily.

  Happily be the traces bound; happily may he ply the goad.

5. Suna and Sira, welcome ye this laud, and with the milk which ye have made in heaven      Bedew ye both this earth of ours.

6. Auspicious Sita, come thou near: we venerate and worship thee

  That thou mayst bless and prosper us and bring us fruits abundantly.

7. May Indra press the furrow down, may Pusan guide its course aright.      May she, as rich in milk, be drained for us through each succeeding year.

8. Happily let the shares turn up the ploughland, happily go the ploughers with the oxen.      With meath and milk Parjanya make us happy. Grant us prosperity, Suna and Sira.


My Comments

Fourth Mandala of the Rig Veda where this hymn occurs is considered one of the earliest part of the Veda. Rishi Vamadeva Gautaman sang this to Kshetrapati. Once again this word Kshetra is used today for ‘field’, ‘body’, ‘holy places’ in all Indian languages. That shows how it got extended in its meaning and how important the word is.

Nowhere in the world we see agricultural deities at this period. A few thousand years after the Vedas, came Greek literature where we see some deities attached to plants. Above all these things, the agricultural deity Sita is worshipped by millions of people even today.


Sita , heroine in Ramayana, is the personification of furrow or husbandry. Sita was named after furrow because she was found during ritualistic ploughing by the great king of Bihar, Janaka. There we get more information about farming; Kings were requested to start the farming every year. They came and started the Yajna Kshetra work as well. After the ritualistic ploughing, Brahmins constructed geometrically shaped Fire Altars.


Suna and Sira , two deities or deified objects who bless farming operations. Today agriculturists perform Puja or some rituals before starting ploughing. That shows the continuation of the Vedic rituals.

According to Yaska of 850 BCE , Suna /auspicious is Vayu and Sira/plough is Aditya/sun.

Professor Roth conjectures that the words here mean ploughshare and plough.

Professor Grassmann translates Plough and ploughman

All the foreigners, at last, agree on this issue!

My discovery

Apart from all these things ,RTU/season is described in various hymns. In one or two places we come across SIX SEASONS. Tamils followed it in their ancient literature. The very world Rhythm came from Rtu.

The English word Plough is a Tamil word UZU (P=V, B=V; which we see in all Indian languages. Ancient Tamils called Pandi/cart instead of Vandi/cart (P=V).

55 words are listed by Bhagawan Sing under agriculture. Many are in Tamil as well-

Utsa becomes UUTRU in Tamil

Kulyaa becomes KAALVAAY in Tamil

Kuupa/  well  is used as such  in Tamil

Kosa / leather bag is used as such in Tamil

Naadi /drain is used in time and clock as Naazikai

Khala/ farm yard, thrashing floor used as such in Tamil

Dhaanya / grain is in Tamil

Bija becomes Vidhai (B = V)

Sakan/ cowdung – Saanam in Tamil

Other words enter though the back door as Plough is UZU in Tamil.

Tamil and Sanskrit words have single source from where they originated ( I have shown it in my 150++ articles.)


Important Agricultural Hymn

RIG VEDA 10-101

.1. WAKE with one mind, my friends, and kindle Agni, ye who are many and who dwell together.

     Agni and Dadhikras and Dawn the Goddess, you, Gods with Indra, I call down to help us.

2. Make pleasant hymns, spin out your songs and praises: build ye a ship equipped with oars for transport.

     Prepare the implements, make all things ready, and let the sacrifice, my friends, go forward.

3. Lay on the yokes, and fasten well the traces: formed is the furrow, sow the seed within it.

     Through song may we find bearing fraught with plenty: near to the ripened grain approach the sickle.

4. Wise, through desire of bliss from Gods, the skilful bind the traces fast, And lay the yokes on either side.

5. Arrange the buckets in their place securely fasten on the straps.

     We will pour forth the well that hath a copious stream, fair-flowing well that never fails.

6. I pour the water from the well with pails prepared and goodly straps,

     Unfailing, full, with plenteous stream.

7. Refresh the horses, win the prize before you: equip a chariot fraught with happy fortune.

     Pour forth the well with stone wheel, wooden buckets, the drink of heroes, with the trough for armour.

8. Prepare the cow-stall, for there drink your heroes: stitch ye the coats of armour, wide and many.

     Make iron forts, secure from all assailants let not your pitcher leak: stay it securely.

9. Hither, for help, I turn the holy heavenly mind of you the Holy Gods, that longs for sacrifice.

     May it pour milk for us, even as a stately cow who, having sought the pasture, yields a thousand streams.

10. Pour golden juice within the wooden vessel: with stone-made axes fashion ye and form it.

     Embrace and compass it with tenfold girdle, and to both chariot-poles attach the car-horse.

11. Between both poles the car-horse goes pressed closely, as in his dwelling moves the doubly-wedded.

     Lay in the wood the Soviran of the Forest, and sink the well although ye do not dig it.

12. Indra is he, O men, who gives us happiness: sport, urge the giver of delight to win us strength

     Bring quickly down, O priests, hither to give us aid, to drink the Soma, Indra Son of Nistigri.



To be continued………………………………

tags– farming in Veda, Agriculture, Rig Veda, Sita, Sira, Suna, Farmers songs, in Tamil

‘Mr One Thousand’ in Rig Veda and Tamil Literature (Post No.10,179)


Post No. 10,179

Date uploaded in London – 5 OCTOBER  2021         

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In Tamil Nadu you may find men named ‘ Mr One Thousand’ (Kan Ayiram in Tamil). But there is an awkward story behind this name in later Puranas and even in Mahabharata. I argue in this article that it was a false and funny story and it was developed later by the Pauranikas/Upanyasakas, i.e. people who delivered discourses. It was the style they followed even in explaining occurrences of solar and lunar eclipses. Hindus calculated the eclipses precisely and yet they kept on saying ‘the snake dragon devouring the moon or sun’. Even Kalidas and Sangam Tamil poets repeated this 2000 years ago. This shows that all scientific things were simplified in the way of popular and funny stories.

Rig Veda says very clearly that a solar eclipse finished before Atri finished reciting his verse/hymn. His disciples praised him for this feat. They did not know that Rishi Atri was an astronomer. No total eclipse can lost more than seven minutes. That too is very rare.

In the Mahabharata also, Krishna knew the day of solar eclipse. Jayadratha put down his bow and arrow thinking that the sun has already set, and he could take rest now. But Krishna asked Arjuna to shoot him down when the sun was out after the eclipse.


Here is a funny story about Indra.

According to the Mahabharata, Indra seduced or tried to seduce Ahalya, wife of Gautama Rishi. And the sage’s curse impressed upon him a thousand marks resembling the female organ, so he was called Sa-yoni; but these marks were afterwards changed to eyes and hence he is called Netra Yoni and Sahasraksha, the thousand eyed (Yoni is female organ). But there is no support for this story in the  Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world .

Rig Veda called Agni, Varuna and Indra 1000 eyed. The meaning was they are all ‘omni scient’. They know everything and they could see everything. Even if human beings did something secretly, they would know.

But Tamils also believed the story of Indra with Thousand Eyes. We have a proof in Tamil Hymn Tevaram. Tiru Jnana Sambandar who lived 1400 years ago during the reign of Mahendra Pallava and Pandyan Nedumaran composed a poem in the village Tirukkannanar Temple near Vaitheeswaran koil in Tamil Nadu. Sambandar himself refers to 1000 eyes of Indra. After Indra’s prayer Lord Shiva changed his 1000 Yoni signs into 1000 eyes.

In Tiruvarur area there is another Kannayiranathar temple in Tirukkaravasal where Siva is said to have appeared with 1000 eyes before Brahma and gave him back his power of creation. Brahma who oversees Creation in Hinduism briefly lost it due to his arrogance.


In the Rig Veda tenth Mandala 10-79-5 Agni is said to have 1000 eyes.

“This man who quickly gives him food, who offers his gift of oil and butter and supports him

Him with his 1000 eyes he closely looks on; thou showest him thy face from all sides, Agni”.

Moreover, we should not take the number 1000 literally. In 10-73-3 , Indra is said to have 1000 wolves or hyenas in his mouth.

“Thousand hyenas in thy mouth thou holdest, O Indra , mayst thou turn the Asvins hither”.

In 8-45-26

Indra is said to have 1000 arms.

In battle of a thousand arms Indra drank Kadru’s soma juice;

There he displayed his manly might.

In another hymn Varuna is said to have 1000 eyes.

In the most famous

Purushasukta hymn RV.10-90-1

“A thousand heads, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet;

On every side pervading earth He fills a space ten fingers wide”.

All these hymns show that 1000 means many or several or a lot of.

In Indra’s story also, I guess that he was given the tattoos on his body to show that he is in the register of sex offenders. Indian literature gives details about giving tattoos to criminals. In all the stories of the olden days they say ‘ the person was taken on a donkey after impressing his body with black dots and red dots’. This shows that such a tattooing custom was prevalent in the olden days. Indra might have got such tattoos after the Ahalya incident. At one stage it was removed after Indra apologising publicly in temples.

tags- Indra, thousand eyes, Signs, Rig Veda




Post No. 10,163

Date uploaded in London – 2 OCTOBER  2021         

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(A reader has sent me a question asking whether it is true that Hindus got the concept of Rebirth and Karma theory from Buddhism and Jainism. Here is my reply; I will give it in Tamil as well)

Rig Veda is the oldest book in the world dated between 1500 BCE and 4000 BCE. It has references to rebirth, and transmigration of soul. Buddhism and Jainism borrowed it from Hindus and blown it out of proportion.

Hindus believed in four values Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Other oriental religionists followed them, but their scriptures don’t approve them in crystal clear terms. Hindus did value them proportionately and practised them in four stages of life Brahmacharya, Grahastha asrama, Vanaprastha and Sanyasa. If we need examples, we have lots in the Mahabharata, oldest and longest epic in the world, and 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature.

If anyone says that these concepts of Rebirth, Karma Theory and Reincarnation came from Buddhism or Jainism, that means they did not study Brhad Aranyaka Upanishad (The Big Forest Treatise). Buddha took the words Nirvana, Karma etc from this Upanishad which is dated 850 BCE even by the white skinned, Yellow eyed/jaundice eyed, ill motived, non-believers of the West.

Before giving evidence from the Vedas and Upanishads I wanted to alert Hindus about dating. Hindu calendars very clearly date the beginning of Kaliyuga in 3102 BCE. Hindu inscriptions support this in at least two or three very early inscriptions. Bhagavad Gita and its source book Mahabharata give thousands of references to rebirth and Karma theory. If we don’t believe the Hindu dating and believe the date given by Anti Hindu non -believers, it is our fault.

But I admit that all Hindu scriptures were ‘updated’ in language, style and contents from time to time, but yet we can clearly see the original idea or concept in it. Foreigners took the latest updated word and dated them. But they did not do it to Hebrew or Greek literature or Sumerian or Egyptian literature. If anyone studies them, we can see there is controversy in every literature.  When we compare the volume of such literature there is nothing in Greek or Hebrew before the period of Brhad Aranyaka Upanishad. Vedas were very old compared to them.

Before going any further, I wanted to give you one more bit of information. There are many funeral hymns in the Rig Veda. No one could understand them fully.  White skinned people added notes now and then such as ‘they are obscure’, ‘the meaning is not certain’; ‘they may be taken from elsewhere and attached here’; ‘they are jumbled’, ‘they may be later additions’. None of them are the words of Sayana, but they alleged that they follow Sayana in translations.

Sayana himself came just 700 years before our time. But Vedas are at least 3000 years before him. No one could understand them fully.


Evidence from the Rig Veda

The word ‘Amrtam’ occurs in the Rig Veda hundreds of times. The meaning is very clear. It gives eternal life. Where ? You are with God or in Heaven for ever. That means you are not reborn; you are out of the Samsara Chakra- the cycle/wheel of birth and death.


‘Rebirth is even offered as a reward’ – says Satapata Brahmana (SB. 1-5-3-14); dated 800 BCE by foreigners; well before Buddha and Mahavira.

Later Puranas claim that even the Devas (angels in the heaven) long for a life on earth, in the holy country of Bharat.


Agni consumes only the body, and the departed soul, ‘the unborn part’ (RV. 10-16-4) issues forth as from the father or mother (SB 2-2-4-8) furnished with a body, all lustrous (RV.10-56-1) and free from imperfections (Atharva Veda. A.V.6-120-3)


Heaven is full of light

All the funeral hymns talk about dead body travelling as Light.

The heavenly delights are described in RV.9-113- 7 to 11

“There are eternal light and swift waters; there movement is unrestrained; there is spirit food and satiety; there are joy, glee, gladness and the fulfilment of all desires.

A few more heartening touches are added by other texts :-

RV 10-135-7

AV.3-29-3; 4-34

SB. 14-7-1-32/33

Agni (after cremation) carries the newly departed to this place RV 10-154-2 to 5.


What is Hell?

In contrast to heaven, Hell is described as

‘Deep place’, ‘endless abyss’, ‘intangible darkness’ (RV.4-5-5; 7-104-3 and 7

‘Lowes’t, ‘black’, ‘blind darknes’s – AV.8-2-24;5-30-11; 9-2-10

We find the word ‘Naraka, Naraka loka’ in Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda.

Torments of Hell are touched in in AV. 5-19 and described in greater detail in SB. 2-6-1 and JB.1-42-4


Punya in bank account

You earn more punya – currency notes given for your  good deeds- and save them in your account; you will be using this currency in Heaven.

Merits of sacrificial and charitable acts accrue to the departed in heaven (RV.10-14-8; VS 18-64).

Karma appears in AV.


Rebirth in RV

Macdonell sees probable germ of metempsychosis ( the  transmigration at death of the soul of a human being or animal into a new body of the same or a different species.) in RV 10-16-3 where the departed spirit is asked to go, among other places, to the plants and stay there with bodies.

Growing belief in Rebirth becomes evident in the Brahmanas (SB and TB).

Words like ‘Punar Mrtyu’ ( re death)  and ‘Punar asu’ ( coming to life again)

, ‘Punar Aayaath’ (rebirth) in GB.

All brahmanas are dated before Buddha and Mahavira.

Departed soul is asked ‘to come home again’ in RV.10-14-8

And Agni is supplicated to see that he may assume life and obtain progeny in RV.10-16-5


Quotes in Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita

A lot of quotes about Karma and Rebirth are in the Upanishads. Bhagavad Gita summarises it beautifully well in its second chapter. Most of the Hindu devotees know them. Sangam Tamil literature, mostly secular in contents, which came after all these books, also refer to rebirth, Punya, Papa, Hell, Heaven etc. Later Tamil Devotional scriptures have innumerable references to karma theory and rebirth.

Even beggars’ folk songs refer to them and they go from house to hose or street to street begging for alms!


Warning to sceptics

Hindu literature is vast; the religious scriptures available in Sanskrit, are incomparably vast. If we draw a line in 850 BCE, there is none in other religion. You may find them in ‘Museum Religions’ or ‘Fossil Religions’ such as Sumerian, Babylonian and Mayan. Coming to Hebrew Bible or scriptures , they are later than the 20,000 mantras of four Vedas. And unlike Vedas, they have contradictory and conflicting matter. We know about the Dead Sea scrolls and the untranslated Greek Bible in the British Library. If it is translated, they fear a Pandora’s Box will be opened. We also know that Moses , who is the foundation rock of three Semitic religions, has no archaeological or historical proof. Hindus have their proof in Sarasvati- Indus River Bank Civilization (Harappan) from 2500 -1700 BCE.






Post No. 10,145

Date uploaded in London – 27 September   2021           

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Let us now look at the importance of the three references to River Yamuna in the Rig Veda:

The reference to river Yamuna links it with the most famous war in the Vedas. It is called Dasa Rajna Yuddha (War of Ten Kings)

On 1 June 2015, I wrote:-

Now let us look at the details of the Ten Kings War.

The Dasarajna or the Battle of the Ten Kings, is an important historical event alluded to in various hymns of the Rig Veda.

Sudas was the king of Bharata Kingdom. He belonged to Trstu family. At first Visvamitra was their priest. He led him to victorious campaigns on the banks of Vipas and Sutudri. Later there was some misunderstanding and Vasistha was appointed as the priest and Visvamitra was sacked. Thereupon a long and bitter rivalry ensued between the two priests and, in revenge, Visvamitra led ten kings against the Bharata kingdom.

The ten kings were from the kingdoms of Puru, Yadu, Turvasa, Anu and Drhyu, Alina, Paktha, Bhalanas, Siva and Visvanin. In the bloody and decisive battle on the banks of River Parusni, the Bharats emerged victorious, utterly routing the ten kings. The kings of Anu and Druhyu kingdoms were drowned, while Purukutsa, King of the Puru Kingdom met his death.

There was another battle in which Sudas fought with Ajas, Sigrus and Yaksus who had united under King Bheda; but these new assailants also met the same fate and were defeated, being slaughtered on the River Jamuna.

By the time of this war, the Vedic Hindus covered a vast territory, from the banks of Jamuna in the east to Iran in in the west. In modern terms it covers the North India ,Pakistan ,Afghanistan and Iran! The earliest part of the Rig Veda sings about Ganges. So the ten people can’t be tribal chiefs. When it comes to Chera, Choza and Pandyas of Tamil kingdoms we don’t dub them as tribal chiefs. There were umpteen tribals and chieftains, but yet these three were called kingdoms. In the same way all the ten names gave big dynasties in India. Even Morton Smith’ conservative estimate gives a long list of Yadava (Yadu) kings from 1800 BCE and Puru Kings from 1800 BCE.


Shrikant G Talageri comments on this war :

Through logical argument Shrikant G Talageri has shown that the Vedic Hindus marched from East to the West. All our epics and mythologies are also confirming it. We know the exact location of Ayodhya of Ramayana, Brindhavan of Bhagavata Purana and the Indraprastha/Delhi of Mahabharata . all these places are in the East. Now we know that Kasi/Benares/Varanasi is the oldest city in the world. Because of two Monsoons and Changing river systems we don’t have much archaeological proofs. The oldest parts of the Rig Veda contain references to Ganges and Yamuna (also called Jamuna). Both these are in Sangam Tamil literature too. That means the name and fame of these rivers were known to people in the southern most part of India. Geographically speaking, it overs a vast area, which is the largest country at that time.


Max Mullers and Marxists Torn to pieces

The gangs which dubbed Vedic Hindus as nomads are torn to pieces by these references. Vedas refer to several kings, kingdoms and patriotic feelings of the Hindus. Bhagawan Singh in his book ‘The Vedic Harappans’ puts forth a beautiful argument:

“More than the names of the rivers , emotional attachment to a wide area is indicative of a national and cultural unity not to be found among people who are not highly advanced.  The passion with which the poet (RV.10-75-5) sings,

‘Favour this my land, O Ganga, O Yamuna, O Sutudri , O Parusni, O Askini, O Vitasta, O Marudvratha, O Arjikiya with Susoma, hear my call…………. Is by itself a proof of a cultural unity across the state boundaries. Another significant feature of the list of rivers, in their order from the East to West beginning from Ganges, in accordance with the course of Aila expansion and its outflow beyond northwest (Mookerji, 1957)

Has a nomadic or semi agricultural community ever emotionally associated itself with such a vast area stretching over a thousand kilometres? Could such a consciousness emerge without political and cultural unity? Has people with its roots somewhere else, even after the occupation of a country, ever attached so passionately and reverently with rivers and mountains in newfound land? No one took care to ask these questions, as the answers could be counterproductive. The geographical area mentioned in RV 10-75 broadly covers the entire Harappan area from East to West. (Now there are over 1500 Harappan Civilization sites up to Delhi)”.


My comments

Max Muller gang and Marxists gang treated Hindus as idiots and wrote and commented according to their whims and fancies. What we must take into account is

Neither of them believed in Hindu religion nor United India. Their loyalty lied elsewhere.

Neither of them took the Puranic list of kings as historical. They started Indian History from Buddha Period (Sixth Century BCE). They believed in the list of Kings in Sumer and Egypt, but not India.

Those idiots say that India did not have anyone ruling before Buddha. That means from 2500 BCE Indus Valley Civilization up to Buddha , India had no kings!!!!!

Neither of them practised Hinduism. They never believed in Re birth, Karma Theory or Miracles listed in Hindu Buddhist, Jain and Sikh Scriptures.

They never accepted our calculation of Time,

Above all, these gangs ignored all the references to Agriculture in the Vedas. There is a beautiful poem about Gambling in the Rig Veda. Even the addicted gambler in his monologue says,

Play not with dice; No! Cultivate your land; enjoy the gain (harvest) and deem that wealth sufficient ( RV.10-34-13)

There are scores of references to agriculture, through it is a religious book!

Even if one doesn’t believe in Hindus’ march towards west, one cannot ignore the vast area mentioned from Yamuna to Iran and the patriotic fervour of Vedic Hindus towards their country.

Last but not the least, the idiots who translated the Vedas could not even identify several lakes and rivers. They could not even agree among themselves whether they are lake names or river names or names of insects or food!!!! Big jokers give us a lot of jokes in their commentaries.

We must reject all the arguments of those gangs and start afresh.

“Long Live the Vedas; Beat the Drum saying this; Let there be victory in all the Eight Directions”— Tamil Poet Bharati


RV 5-52-17

17. The mighty ones, the seven times seven, have singly given me hundred gifts.

     I have obtained on Yamuna famed wealth in kine and wealth in steeds.

RV 7-18-19

19. Yamuna and the Trtsus aided Indra. There he stripped Bheda bare of all his treasures.

     The Ajas and the Sigrus and the Yaksus brought in to him as tribute heads of horses.

RV 10-75-5

5. Favour ye this my laud, O Ganga, Yamuna, O Sutudri, Parusni and Sarasvati:

     With Asikni, Vitasta, O Marudvrdha, O Arjikiya with Susoma hear my call.


Tagged with dasarajna battle – Tamil and Vedas › tag › dasarajna-battle

1 Jun 2015 — So the fact of the matter is Dasa Rajna Yuddha (Ten Kings War) is really a war between ten kingdoms. The reason for this is that the 20 plus …


TAGS- River Yamuna, Dasarajna Yuddha, War of Ten Kings, Rig Veda


Ganga and Yamuna meeting


Post No. 10,139

Date uploaded in London – 26 September   2021           

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Reference to river Yamuna in the Rig Veda baffled Marxist gang and Max Muller gang. Both  gangs spread a white lie that a race called Aryans invaded India through Khyber pass in the North West and pushed back the native population. They showed the native populations as utter cowards. After spreading this lie for 100 years , the Indus Valley civilization was discovered around 1921. Then they spread another lie, ‘Look, Look! Here is the proof’. That lie was nailed for ever in the coffin, because there were no Dravidia skeletons in Indus Valley sites. All the skeletons belonged to Aryan, i.e. with the body stature of Punjabis. Half of the idiots said there were skeletons of horses and the other half said no horse skeletons in Indus Valley. There also they could not prove the so called Aryans. The Rig Veda, oldest book in the world, contains over 1000 references to Horses and over 1000 references to rarest herb on earth called Soma latha.

Then came the scientists from NASA and BARC. Those space scientists and nuclear scientists gave the clearest proof for the existence of Sarasvati River which existed around 2000 BCE and then disappeared. That Sarsvati River was praised in over 60 hymns in the oldest book.

When the jaundiced eyed, half baked, mischievous, bad intentioned Westerners translated the Vedas, they used every hymn to show that ‘Aryans’ ‘occupied’ India to justify their (British and Muslim) occupation of India for 1000 years.

Greatest Tamil Poet Bharati, Swami Vivekananda, B R Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi, Kanchi Paramacharya and many more scholars rejected the western view of Aryan Invasion. Greatest Tamil poet Bharati used the word Aryan attributing all good things in the world. He called India Arya nation umpteen times!

Now more and more internal proofs are shown to counter the western lies. One of them is the reference to River Yamuna. Even then one idiot said this River Yamuna is different from the modern River Yamuna. This is another tactic the Westerners use. Whenever river Gomati was found in the Rig Veda, they said this Gomati is a different river. The reason being the white skinned people occupied Canada, America, and Australia where they massacred the native population occupied their land and named all those places after their native places in Europe. They had such criminal mindset. With these coloured glasses they looked at every genuine one and painted them according to their whims and fancies. Hindu scriptures say they were the sons of the soil and add that even angels in the heaven want a birth in Holy India. No where they mentioned a foreign land as their native place.

River Yamuna figures in the hymns of early period (Mandala 7) ;it is also in hymns of later period. The rivers mentioned in the Hymn on Rivers are far and wide. It occupies a vast area (now geographically covering three or four countries)

References to River Yamnua

RV 5-52-17

RV 7-18-19

RV 10-75-5 (Nadi Stuti- Hymn on Rivers)

Yamuna is near Delhi. We see references to places from Iran to Assam in the Rig Veda. This shows that the native Hindu population has been living in India for at least 8000 years. Though we have paintings which were 40,000 year old in Bhimbetka Caves in the deepest forests of Madhya Pradesh, the civilized existence for at least 8000 years is proved by the Rig Veda.

In addition to River Yamuna there is a reference to Indra crossing 99 rivers like a falcon/eagle.

And in the most famous River Hymn, they mentioned the rivers from Ganges in Bihar. Then they went westward. Even today , Hindus allocate East to Indra in their day to day fire rituals.

Modern research by scholars like Shrikant G Talageri show the westward march of Hindus. They marched from Kasi to Tehran. The Sanskrit words in Kassites (Benares kings), Hittites (Kshatriyas) and Mitannis (Mithraites) of the Middle East proved Hindus’ West Ward march. Then came the Dasaratha Letters (also knows as Amarna letters) of Egypt.

In 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature, we find River Yamuna (Thozunai), River Ganges, Yupa Pillar, Amrita, Himalayas in over 50 places. Hindu Gods including Indra and Varuna are mentioned in over 100 places. And they are not religious books, they are only secular literature!!!

RV 5-52-17

17. The mighty ones, the seven times seven, have singly given me hundred gifts.

     I have obtained on Yamuna famed wealth in kine and wealth in steeds.

RV 7-18-19

19. Yamuna and the Trtsus aided Indra. There he stripped Bheda bare of all his treasures.

     The Ajas and the Sigrus and the Yaksus brought in to him as tribute heads of horses.

RV 10-75-5

5. Favour ye this my laud, O Ganga, Yamuna, O Sutudri, Parusni and Sarasvati:

     With Asikni, Vitasta, O Marudvrdha, O Arjikiya with Susoma hear my call.

(Rivers are mentioned from East to West)

My commentary on these passages are as follows:-

To be continued……………………….

tags– Yamuna, Rig Veda, Nadi Stuti, Hymn on Rivers


Sumerian evil spirit


Post No. 10,074

Date uploaded in London – 9 September   2021           

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We looked at the first 12 mantras out of 25 found in the Rigvedic hymn RV 7-104. Now let us look at other 13 mantras in the hymn.

Here is a beautiful quotation in Mantra 13.

Never does God aid and guide the wicked.

Never does God help one who falsely claims Warrior title.

God slays who speaks untruly; they will be entangled in the noose of Indra.

(I have used God instead of Soma in the mantra)

Indus Valley Ghosts
Indus Valley Tiger Spirit

Mantra 14

I did not worship deities of falsehood; I had never had vain thoughts about God, O Agni!

Then why are you angry with us|? Destruction falls on those  who lie against you.

My comments

Note these curses are against liars and the wicked. It looks like there were some people who did not follow the Vedic truths, but worshipped other gods (It is similar to Moses talking about idolatry in the Bible)

Mantra 15

If I have done anything wrong let all my ten sons die. Someone called me a Yatudhana/demon. It is a lie.

My comments

The word Yaatu dhaana comes  in hundreds of verses in the Valmiki Ramayana. We find this word even in Aditya Hrudaya sloka of Agastya.

‘Ten sons’ is part of the decimal numbers they use very often in the Rig Veda. We see 100s and 1000s as well. Here we must read it as all my sons.

Mantra 16

Those who call me demon and claims that they are true must perish ;let Indra slay them


 Mantra 17

She too who wanders like an owl like at night time hiding her body in guile and malice,

May she fall downwards into endless caverns. Press stones with loud ring destroy the demons.

Max Muller wrongly says it is a hymn against Visvamitra. That is wrong. The hymn condemns both male and female Rakshasas. We even see Tadaka in Valmiki Ramayana.

Yaatudaana means Rakshasas, night walkers (Nisa saras) in Ramayana.

Mantra 18

This is a hymn addressed to all gods. This mantra is addressed to Maruts (God of Wind).

Maruts ! search and seek out Rakshasas and grind them to pieces. They transform themselves into birds and fly far away at night time. They spoil our worship.

My comments

Rakshasas are called as night birds and those who change their appearance now and then according to Ramayana. I think they wore masks showing themselves as birds or demons.  We see such mask dances in Bhutan (Bhuta Sthana)  and Sri Lanka, even in Kerala. They are more active in night. Where as the seers wake up before sunrise and go to bed after sunset.

Mantra 19

Hurl down from heaven your bolt of stone; sharpen it.

Smite down the demons with rocky weapon forward, behind and from above and under .

Demon Dogs

Mantra 20

Indra /Sakra makes his weapon sharp for the wicked. The demon dogs are bent on doing mischiefs.

Let Indra make use of his weapon against them.

Mantra 21

Here are two beautiful similes

These demons spoil the oblations of invokers.

Sakra / Indra splits them like a timber is split  with axe. He smashes them like earthen pots.

Owl , Dog again!! Cuckoo and Vulture

Mantra 22

Destroy the fiend shaped like owl or owlets

Destroy them in the form of dog and cuckoos.

Destroy him shaped like eagle or vulture ; Crush them

My comments

It is an interesting curse. We see different birds here such as Eagle, vulture, owl, cuckoo, and owlets. Probably the Rakshasas used such masks.

Egyptitian Bes

Mantra 23


Let not fiend of witchcraft workers reach us.

May Ushas drive away the couples of Kimiidins.

O Earth! Keep us safe from earthly woe and trouble.

From grief that comes from heaven and mid air.

This type of lines come in all the Kavasa (Shield) stotras.

Kimiidin is an interesting word; commentators say it is the name of a class of evil spirits. they go on saying “kim idaanim” or “What now?” It is a treacherous spirit and informer.

My comment

They act like your friends and gather information and pass it on to your enemies. We see such spies even today. Every government has spies.

Mantra 24

Slay the male demon, slay the female demon, Indra. They are good in arts of magic.

Let the fools’ gods with bent necks fall and perish. And let them not see Sun anymore.

My comments

Tamis do pray like this every day. In Kantha Sashti Kavasam, most famous Kavasam in Tamil on God Skanda/ Kartikeya mentions different classes of evil spirits and black magic. Devotees pray against all such evil spirits. Vinayaka Kavasam of Lord Ganesh mention one or two classes and  Hanuman Chalisa of Tulsidas ( Bhuta Picasa nikata nahim ave ) as well.

Mantra 25

Indra and Soma! Look around. Watch carefully. Cast your weapons against the fiends; hurl your weapons against sorcerers.

For those who are familiar with modern Kavasa Stotras in the name of many Hindu gods, see all these things. It is nothing new for them. On the contrary we see an amazing continuity from Rigveda days to modern day Kavasa stotras in Sanskrit and Tamil. When they mention ghouls, ghosts, spirits, goblins they mean the fear in one’s heart and the bad thoughts in one’s mind . Tamil poet Bharati clearly mentions fear as ghost and lies as snake .


The most famous Frog Song in the Rig Veda (RV 7-103) is also sung by the same seer Vasistha and that is just one hymn before this hymn. When we look at both the hymns we get a clearer picture. (Vedic Frog song and Greek Frog Song are already dealt with in this blog) .

—Subham —-

tags- CURSES -2, 5000 YEARS AGO, STRANGE , RIG VEDA, owl, Kimidins



Post No. 10,017

Date uploaded in London – 24 AUGUST  2021     

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O Son of Strength

Child of Force/ Power

Best offeror




Bright God

Pure Lord

Most youthful


Famed art thou



O refulgent kindled god

Most resplendent blaze

Conquering guards



Nearest Friend

O Helper

Bestow on us more glorious but righteous

O Excellent in Strength

Quicken our thoughts that find out wealth

Child of Strength

Agni ! Praise singer

Lord of Men

Burner of Raksasas

O thou Rich in Light

Drive hunger to distant pastures

(Griffith Translation; also available in Wikipedia)


RV 8-61

To Indra


Independent Ruler

Thy soul longs for Soma Juice

Victor in the fight

Vanquishing even the Invincible

Changeless in Truth

O Fair of Cheek


Lord of Power

O Golden Well(spring)

Bring me whatever thing I ask

Fort render

Breaker down of Forts

Mighty one

Our Friend

Powerful Conqueror

Debt Claimer

Best Charioteer

Lover of the Song

A crushing Warrior

O Satakratu (Lord of 100 Tasks)

Lord of the Brave


 rig Veda- Rig Veda, Epithets, Vedic Gods, Positive thoughts 



Post No. 10,000

Date uploaded in London – 20 AUGUST  2021     

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Emperors and Kings of India have contributed hugely to the Vedic Brahmins to spread the Vedas. Even the Buddhist Emperor Asoka had given priority to Vedic Brahmins. In all his inscriptions Brahmins come first and then Sramanas are mentioned. Buddha had praised the Brahmins in his Dhammapada. Tamil kings not only did Rajasuya and Asvamedha Yagas but also donated lands, gold and money to Brahmins according to Sangam Tamil literature (see Pathitrup Pathu) and thousands of temple inscriptions.

Bharatiyar, the greatest of the modern Tamil poets, has praised Vedas sky high and asked us to spread the Vedas.

Why did they do it?

We see Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Vedic mantras.

The Rishis/seers address the gods as FRIENDS! In hundreds of Mantras, they address the Gods as friends and call their colleagues, Comrades!

Oft repeated similes refer to the affection between Father and son. They did not miss the love and affection between husband and wife. Those who read the Vedas will be benefitted by these positive phrases in the Vedas. Here are some examples. The three numbers denote the Chapter/Hymn/Mantra.

(Rig Veda has over 1000 hymns and over 10,000 mantras.)



Sapient minded (wise) Priest, Truthful, Most Gloriously Great



Beautiful Vayu: RV1-2-1


Naasatyas (Asvins/Twins) Wonder Workers . 1-3-3


O Indra, Marvellously Bright! 1-3-4


River Saraswati, the Mighty Flood 1-3-12


River Sarasvati, with her illuminates, Brightens Every Pious Thought 1-3-12


Comrades! Come here; Let us sing the Glory of Indra



Indra, God of Wondrous Deeds 1-4-6


Satakratu (Mr Hundred Deeds/Indra), Powerful in Fight



Indra , Richest of the Rich.1-5-2


Indra, Lover of Songs 1-5-7 (also 1-5-10)


The Lights are Shining in the Sky  1-6-1


Indra- Golden, Thunder Armed1-7-2


Indra has raised the Sun high in Heaven 1-7-3


Indra- a Ripe Branch to the Worshipper(Fruit Bearing Tree)



O Lord of all Men 1-9-3


Indra – O Most Splendid One 1-9-6


Indra – The Treasure Lord of Wealth 1-9-9


Indra – Lord of Power and Might 1-11-2


Crusher of Forts : 1-11-4


Agni – Master of all Wealth 1-12-1


Agni, Lord of the House, Much Beloved 1-12-11/2


Agni, Purifier, Bright, Effulgent Flame 1-12-10/12


The Two Invokers I invite, the Wise, Divine and Sweet of Tongue- 1-13-8


Sarasvati, Maahi, Ilaa, Three Goddesses bring Delight



Adored , the Strengtheners of Law 1-14-7


Visvedevas , The Flaming Ones 1-14-12


Rtu , Wealth Giver 1-15-10


Those who are Bright as Suns 1-16-1


With Holy Thoughts we sing Your Praise 1-16-9


To the Assembly’s Wondrous Lord 1-18-6


Rbhus made Your Father and Mother Young Again



Give Wealth, pleased with our Eulogies 1-20-7


Most Youthful Agni 1-22-10


Vishnu strode through the Seven Regions of the Earth



Vishnu made Three Steps establishing His High Decrees



Vayu, Swift as Mind 1-23-3


Amrit is in the Waters; Healing Balm is in Water



O Waters, teem with Medicine, Keep my Body Safe



Varuna , King, of Hallowed Might 1-24-7


King Varuna made a spacious Pathway to Sun



Varuna, you have 100 Medicines, O King, 1000 Balms



Loosen the Bonds that hold me, Varuna, Above, Between and Under 1-24-15


Far seeing Varuna 1-25-5


Never do they fail the Ever faithful Worshipper 1-25-6


May Aditya make fair paths for us; Mat He prolong our Lives



He Who gives Glory to Mankind 1-25-15


Lord of the Prospering Powers. 1-26-1


O Son of Strength, O Immortal One 1-26- 9/10


I have covered only first 26 hymns out of 1000 +++ Hymns in the Rig Veda

Those who recite Vedas, and those who listen to Vedas will get only positive things in life.


tags – Rig Veda, Mantras, Poitive Thoughts



Post No. 9993

Date uploaded in London – 18 AUGUST  2021     

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Two dozen foreigners commented on the Soma plant that is praised sky high in the Rig Veda ,the oldest book in the world. All of them have bluffed as much as possible with their hypotheses. They have proved themselves idiots by not answering the main questions. They showed them as ‘clever’ by comparing it with Haoma in the Zend Avesta. But for each of their guesses no evidence is given. All their statements contain ‘may be’, ‘probably’, ‘imaginary proto-proto-proto language’ etc.

What they missed the points or hiding is

1.Is there a culture who drank hallucinating drug at dawn, noon and evening? The Vedic seers clearly say that they prayed before sun rise and then two more times in a day.

2.If a society used a ‘hallucinating drug’ like this, would it survive? But Vedic culture survived and until today we see Vedic recitation of 20,000 mantras by heart.

3.How come they pray for 100 years life and grandchildren if it is a narcotic drug?

4.Why is no corresponding word in any Indo European language except the old Persian Haoma. We know H = S. But why is it that there are a few references even in the Avesta?

5.Avesta is proved to be later than the Rig Veda and why is not Soma mentioned in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature? Sangam Tamils  mention many Vedic rites including Yupa pillar, Rajasuyam, Eagle shaped fire altar etc?

6.If the foreigners have identified the plant , as many foreigners claim, why didn’t they produce it and patent it? They could have made billions of dollars every day like coca cola.

7.Above all why is that no one has explained the connection between the falcon/hawk and the Soma plant?

This is an article to show the mysterious connection between the Soma plant and falcon or hawk. This connection deepens the mystery of Soma plant. Foreigners cleverly evade this issue.

Syena and Suparna are used several times in the Rig Veda. They are translated into English as Falcon or hawk and Eagle. Later mythology makes Garuda, the vehicle of Vishnu. Garuda Purana/mythology and Garuda Mantra are used aa antidote for poison and death.

The word Syena (falcon, hawk) alone is used in over 65 mantras in the Rig Veda.


Here are some references:

In RV 1-32-14 Indra is compared to a falcon where a mysterious number 99 comes. Rigvedic Hindus were the first people to use decimal system in the world. In the 10,000 +++ Rig Vedic mantras we have hundreds of decimal numbers. But when they named Indra as Mr One Hundred (Satakratu), why did they use 99 in many places?

Here is the mantra

When you killed the snake demon Ahi, you crossed 99 rivers like a falcon? Were you afraid? if so, where from you would seek help?

The same seer named Mr Gold Pillar (Hiranya stupan) praises Indra as a falcon in the next hymn as well RV 1-33-2

I fly to Him (Indra), the invisible wealth giver, like falcon that returns to its nest (here the seer means he flies very fast like a home coming falcon towards Indra).


Mysterious Soma RV 1-93-6

In the first five mantras they sing about Soma plant and then in the sixth Mantra Gautama Rahugana says:–

“One of you Matariswan brought from heaven, the Falcon rent the other from the mountain”.

Griffith in his foot note says,

Matarisvan brought Agni/Fire from heaven and Falcon brough Soma from the mountain or cloud, that is, says Sayana , from Svarga on top of Mount Meru.


Ode to Bird RV 2-42- 1,2,3

We read and praise Ode to Skylark by P B Shelley and Ode o Nightingale by John Keats. But this genre of ‘ode to birds’ began in the Rig Veda. Later Sangam Tamils also followed the Rig Vedic seers. But seer Grtsamada was the first one to sing a Ode to Kapinjala bird. That is the first hymn on Brid of Omen, which is seen in many other cultures in a late period.

Here the seer prays that neither the falcon nor an eagle should kill the Kapinjala bird


In RV 3-43-7 Rishi Gathina Visvamitra sings

“Drink of the strong pressed out by strong ones, Indra that which the Falcon brought you when you wished”

Here falcon bringing Soma is referred to.


I ate dog meat- Rishi Vamadeva

This is a very famous Mantra which even Manu refers to in his Smrti.

RV 4-18-13

Vamadeva Gautaman says

“In deep distress (poverty) I cooked a dog’s intestines. Among the Gods I found not one to comfort?

My wife I beheld in degradation. The Falcon then brought me the pleasant Soma”.

Here Indra is praised as falcon.

But falcon bringing Soma plant is repeated throughout the Rig Veda.


RV 4- 26 and 4-27

Both of these hymns praise falcon for bringing the Soma plants:–

“Before all birds he (Indra) ranked this bird, O Maruts; supreme of falcons be this fleet winged Falcon,

Because strong pinioned, with no car to bear him, he brought to Manu the God-loved oblation. (mantra 4-26-4)”

“When the Bird brought it , hence in rapid motion sent on the wide path fleet as thought he hurried

Swift he returned with the sweetness of the Soma and hence the Falcon acquired his glory”. (5)

(This is the reason for writing a Purana on Garuda)

“Bearing the stalk, the Falcon speeding onward, Bird bringing from afar the draught that gladdens,

Friend of the Gods, brought, grasping fast, the Soma which he had taken from yon loftiest heaven “(6)

“The falcon took and brought the Soma, bearing 1000 libations with him, yea, 10, 000.

The Bold One left Malignities behind him, wise, in wild joy of Soma, left the foolish. (7)”


Vamadeva Gautama continues in 4-27

“As I lay within the womb, considered all generations of these Gods in order

A hundred iron fortresses confined me but forth I flew with rapid speed a Falcon (4-27-1)

(Note 100 Iron Forts; Has Indus valley got ‘Iron’ Forts?)

“When with loud cry from heaven down sped the Falcon, then hasting like the wind he bore the Bold One.

Then, wildly raging in his mind, the archer Krssanu aimed and loosed the string to strike him (3)

The Falcon bore him from heaven’s lofty summit as the swift car of Indra’s Friend bore Bhujyu

Then downward hither fell a flying feather of the Bird hasting forward in his journey (4)

The mystery of falcon’s connection to Soma or hawk goes beyond fourth Mandala. I have given examples only from the first four mandalas. There are over 65 references for Syena alone. I will deal with Suparna (Eagle, Garuda) separately.

My conclusion

The Falcon’s link to Soma is not explained by anyone satisfactorily. This mystery continues in Garuda Purana, where Garuda bringing Amrita instead of Soma.

Soma is a not a narcotic drug. No drug addict will waste it by pouring into fire three times day. If it is a rare and expensive  drug they would have consumed it gladly and that degraded society would have died by this time.

More over the drug addicts don’t need to spread cut Dharbaa grass in an orderly fshin before Fire and invoke Gods to drink it. We see the violence and suicides that follow the addicts of drug or drinking in the Western Society. On the contrary, the Vedic seers who drank Soma elixir lived 100 years singing the Glory of God.

Long Live Soma Elixir.


tags-falcon, hawk, Syena, Rig Veda, Soma 

More interesting titbits about Natyasastra of Bharata (Post No.9878)

same woman SANTHA BASKAR danced after 50 years


Post No. 9878

Date uploaded in London –21 JULY   2021           

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Dhananjaya’s  Dasarupaka

Almost thousand years ago, a writer called Dhananjaya wrote a treatise called Dasarupaka (ten forms of plays). He said,

“It was Brahma who extracted from the four Vedas their essence and created the Natyaveda out of it. It was sage Bharata who put it in to practice; and it was Siva and his consort Parvati who (respectively) contributed the Tandava and Lasya dances. Against this galaxy of authors who else dare explain dramatics? I am contributing my little mite to reveal the excellence of the work”.


The original work, the text says in its first chapter, was composed by Lord Brahma for the celestial immortals ruled by Indra . In the last chapter, it is said that for the terrestrial world, it was recomposed or edited by Konami, Vvastysa, Sandilya and Dattila, who are mentioned both as the sons and disciples of Bharata.

But dramaturgy was studied even before Panini of eighth century BCE. Panini refers to Nata Sutras— aphoristic guide for the Natas — by two persons Silalin and Krsasva.


Meaning of Words not known

We come to know that several hands tried to update the book. It resulted in contradictory, repetitive and incongruent final text. There are words and passages impossible to understand. Even an erudite scholar like Abhinavagupta gives several meanings to a word. For instance meaning of Mattavarani is not known. The gods of eight quarters are placed on eight places to protect the theatre; in the Mattavarani, , Indra, the master or the patron of the show, is seated. Mattavarani means intoxicated elephant. Is it a special seat like Royal box?. Correct meaning is not known. Similarly Dwibhumi— two grounds— in connection with the theatre, where Abhinavagupta is on an imagination spree.

Another example, where confusion and contradiction exist is the description of three kinds of theatre houses.

In the first chapter, the book begins with the origin of drama and narrates how and why Bharata produced the first play. The sixth chapter begins with the sages asking Bharata five questions . Here he used the word Sutra and summarised the first five chapters. This lead to the conclusion that the first five chapters are added later. And originally it was in ‘Sutra’ form and authors like Kohala produced it in the present ‘sloka’ form.

Originally the open field was used as the auditorium; in the course of time a Dwibhumi was thought of. That is the auditorium was in two levels. Later a building with four walls came. And each change was incorporated in the book.

My comments

All these apparent contradictions can be resolved if we understand that it was updated according to the development of stage and acting. Whatever we don’t understand belong to the oldest stratum.

The text underwent changes may be seen from another circumstance. In one instance the death of a hero is prohibited on the stage. But the dramatist Bhasa has his hero dead on the stage. ‘Goes to heaven’,says the stage direction. Does it mean it was written before Bhasa? Role of sthapaka is also different in both.

Characters in a play should not be many says Bharata.

But in Bhasa’ s plays we see many characters. Even critics have called Bhasa’s plays ‘bahu bhumika’, having many characters.

There are many more remarks which would date NS to a later period.

My view is that it shows updating. While updating any book Hindus don’t dare to touch the previous writers. We see such contractions even in the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Like Mahabharata

Like Mahabharata which encompassed all earlier stories and philosophies, NS too boasts that

“What is found here may be found elsewhere, but what is not here cannot be found anywhere”.

Playwrights continued the use of Bharata’s Sanskrit and Prakrit. Bharata himself said that dress and speech conform to the regional usage of the spectators .

Since foreigners were not well versed in our customs, and then they had falsely believed that Greeks were far superior in all aspects, they drew wrong conclusions. The only help they did was translating all the Sanskrit works into English .

They had no intimate knowledge of our tradition.

Crimes came before the Penal code,

Language came before grammar and

Drama came into existence before the NS


Drama in the Rig Veda

RV 6-29-3

“Your devotees embrace your feet for glory.

Bold, thunder armed, rich through your strength in rewarding.

Robed in a garment fair as heaven to look on,

You have displayed you like an active dancer.”

Active dancer in the fourth line is translated into Tamil as actor by Jambunathan.

In the days of Rig Veda only dance drama existed. So actor and dancer is acceptable.

शरिये ते पादा दुव आ मिमिक्षुर्ध्र्ष्णुर्वज्री शवसा दक्षिणावान |
वसानो अत्कं सुरभिं दर्शे कं सवर्ण नर्तविषिरो बभूथ ||

śriye te pādā duva ā mimikṣurdhṛṣṇurvajrī śavasā dakṣiṇāvān |
vasāno atkaṃ surabhiṃ dṛśe kaṃ svarṇa nṛtaviṣiro babhūtha ||Rigveda 6-29-3

tags – dance, titbits, Rig Veda, 6-29-3