Hindu Gods in Zend Avesta (Parsi Scripture)- Part 1; Post No.10,639


Post No. 10,639

Date uploaded in London – –    7 FEBRUARY   2022         

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Zend Avesta is the religious scripture of Zoroastrian or Parsi (Paresee) religion. It is in Avestan language, sister language of Sanskrit. It was spoken in ancient Iran (Persia, Parasika)

Indra is praised in the Vedas as supreme god. But in the Avesta he is listed as a Deva. In their dictionary Deva is a derogatory term, that is a demon. This type of schism existed in all the religions. I showed it yesterday in my comments how the schism split all known religions, both Semitic and Oriental . Anti Indra remarks are in Vend.19.43.

Indra is second to Angro-mainyush (Ahriman) the arch fiend who is sometimes designated ‘Devaanaam Deva’, ‘Demon of Demons’ in Avesta. In Sanskrit it meant God of Gods, quite opposite.

The third Hindu deity they hated was Saurva Daevo. We know one of the names of Shiva is Sharva in the Yajur Veda. So it may be shiva.

Another reference is about Vedic Twins Nasatyas/ Asvins. They are referred to as Naonhaithya daevo. They are also demons in Parsee religion.

But there are some names who are praised in both Vedas and the Avesta.


They are called Yazatas or angels in the Zend Avesta. The most noticeable is Mithra, the Sanskrit form being Mitra. In the Vedic hymns he is always paired with Varuna, who is identified with the Greek god Uranos/ Uranus. In the Vedas we rarely see him alone. But there is one hymn, which Hindu Brahmins recite every day in their Sandhyavandana prayers,

Mitrasya……. Mitro janan yataathi prajanan………RV 3-59

Mitra alone is invoked in it,

“Mitra calls men to their work . Mitra is preserving earth and heaven; Mitra looks upon the nations always without shutting his eyes. To Mitra bring the offering with ghee.

“O Mitra that man who troubles himself to keep your order/ rule, O son of eternity (Aditi) shall have abundance. He, protected by you, shall neither be slain nor defeated; no distress befalls him, neither from near nor from far.”

In comparing these verses with the extracts given above from the Mihir Yasht, one may easily be convinced of the complete identity of the Vedic Mitra and the Persian Mithra .

Mihir Ysht in Zend Avesta has similar meaning. FromIndia it spread to Iran, Greece and Rome. In Rome it became a secret cult and degerated.

Mihir is used as boy’s name in many cultures and the meaning is MITRA of Vedas (Sun, Friend).



Another Vedic deity Aryaman, who is generally associated with Mitra and Varuna, RV.1-136-2, is at-once recognised in the angel Airyaman of the Zend Avesta.

Aryaman in both scriptures has double meaning,

  1. A friend, associate; in the Gathas it chiefly means a client
  2. The name of a deity or spirit who seems particularly to preside over marriages , on which occasions he is invoked both by the Hindus and the Parsis. He seems to be either another name of the sun , like Mitra, Savitri, Pushan etc. Or his constant associate and representative

In the Bhagavad Gita 10-29 he is mentioned as the head of the Pitaras, manes or ancestral spirits.



Bhaga, a Vedic deity, belonging to the same class as Mitra and Aryaman is also seen in the Zend Avesta. But the word is not used as a name of a deity but in the general sense of God, Destiny.

The word is used in Slavonic languages as god. Russian, polish use “bog” for god.

Russian Bog= Hindu Sanskrit Bhaga

Vedic god Bhaga was believed to be a deity, presiding over the fortune and destiny of men. Rigveda 7-41-2 says

“Let us invoke the victor in the morning, the strong Bhaga, son of Aditi ( imperishable, eternity) , who disposes all things. The poor and the sick, as well as the king pray to him , full of trust saying give us our portion

Bhaaga is a portion, used even by Tamils. Eg. bhaagap pirivinai, dividing property

Bhagavan is god who has six attributes in Hindu literature.

The adjective bhaga- bhakta, ordained by fate is found both in the Vedas and the Zend Avesta.



Aramati, a female spirit in the Vedas, meaning devotion, obedience

R V 7-1-6; 7-34-21

Meaning earth in R V 10-92-4/5 is identical with the archangel Armaiti in Zend Avesta. It has both meanings in the Avesta.

In the Vedas it is found rarely. She is called a virgin who comes with butter offerings in the morning and evening to Agni. She is a celestial woman brought by Agni



It is an epithet of several Vedic gods, such as Agni, Pushan, Brahnaspatoi. It is identical with Nairyosanha, the name of the angel in the Zend Avesta. , who serves Asura Mazda as a messenger. The meaning of the word is ‘one praised by men’ .

Vedic Agni has this epithet. He is the Messenger of Gods.



The Vedic god Vayu, is who first drinks Soma at the morning sacrifice. He is supposed to be roaming everywhere. Vayu is the only Vedic god found in the Zend Avesta without any change. He is seen in Gathas Yas.liii-6


Vritra Killer

Vritra ha, killer of Vritra a demon, one of the most frequent epithets of Indra in the Vedic books, is to be recognised in the angel Verethraghna ( see Behram Yasht.

Trita is another deity in Vedas who has this epithet

This Trita is identical to Thraeotana in the Iranian legends


Significance of No. 33

I have already written an article and posted here. it is both the Vedas and the Zend Avesta. 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras and 12 Adityas are in all Vedic scriptures. But the last two in the 33 differ.

In Aitareya Brahmana the last two are Prajapati and Vashatkara.

In the Satapata Brahmana they are Dhyava Prithvi, heaven and earth.

In another passage of the same work says Indra and Prajapati

In the Ramayana the last two are Ashvin twins .

In the Atharva Veda 10-7,13, 22,27 thirty three gods are said to be the limbs of Prajapati

In the Zend Avesta, the 33 are Ratus or chiefs instituted by Mazda for maintaining the best truths.

Source Book – The Parsis by Martin Haug (with my inputs)

To be continued………………………….

Tags-  Hindu Gods, in Zend Avesta, Parsee, Parsi, Religion, Zoroastrian

DO WE NEED RELIGION?-1 (Post No.8690)

WRITTEN BY R. NANJAPPA                        

Post No. 8690

Date uploaded in London – – – –16 SEPTEMBER 2020   

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.



R. Nanjappa

For over 300 years, religion has been under assault from various quarters, in various guises, for various reasons. It has been attacked in the name of reason, science, politics – almost any stick is good to beat it with.

To be or not to be….religious!

But the surprise is that it is the stick which is often broken, not religion. According to estimates, there are about 19 major religious groupings in the world. They have spawned about 10,000 distinct branches or sects! In the US alone, there are supposed to be about 2500 distinct religious groups, or what we may call ‘sects’. In this sense, the US is one of the most ‘religious’ countries, whatever may be the image its glamorous media projects and the rest of the world carries.

Indeed it was the religious nature of the country that first impressed  the celebrated French diplomat and historian Alexis de Tocqueville on his arrival in the US  in 1831. He said that America had disproved the theory of the French philosophers that religion and freedom could not exist together. Obviously, the leopard has not changed its spots after nearly two centuries!

“Liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without faith.”

Alexis de Tocqueville

On the contrary, surveys suggested that in the UK, about 48% of the people said they had no religion in 2011! 
According to another way of looking at it, poll pundits say that fully 63% of the world population is religious i.e they are affiliated or owe allegiance to some particular religion or sect. 23% are classed as “irreligious” while another 14% are treated as “confirmed atheists”. It may come as a surprise to many Indians that Asia holds more of the last two categories!

There is a further class called “Spiritual But Not Religious ” SBNR! In America, this is supposed to constitute about 20% of the population, mostly among the youngsters. The PEW forum on Religion said in 2013:

The number of Americans who do not identify with any religion continues to grow at a rapid pace. One-fifth of the U.S. public – and a third of adults under 30 – are religiously unaffiliated today, the highest percentages ever in Pew Research Center polling… Their ranks now include more than 13 million self-described atheists and agnostics (nearly 6% of the U.S. public), as well as nearly 33 million people who say they have no particular religious affiliation (14%).

Paganism has to be counted in!

Beating all this is the new trend in Europe and America of groups of people joining voluntarily to revive and celebrate the old “Pagan” or Heathen religions which prevailed in Europe before the Christians destroyed them. This essentially involves direct contact or communication with forces of Nature which are personified and deified. This is not just one religion but a broad spectrum of disparate beliefs and practices. As usual, so-called “scholars” and academics have complicated matters and invented new terminology, theories, controversies and disputes.. And they have founded a new academic discipline called “Pagan studies” so that their own tribe of PhDs may increase and flourish at public expense! Religion seems to let people make money- in its name or against it!

This shows that the religious instinct is part of human nature and will keep manifesting whether its attackers are Churches or Communists. Rise of modern Paganism is a direct slap on the face of the Christian claims that only Christ can save souls.

A Pagan or Heathen altar and ceremony in Sweden, 2009 in honour of their gods. In fact, several gods are represented on the altar. The central pole represents their god Frey. This is a pre-Christian practice.
By Gunnar Creutz, Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Religion and Spirituality

But what exactly is “religion”? What is ” Spiritual” ?

There are any number of definitions and explanations. In short, we may say that religion involves a belief in God who is Creator. Spirituality involves a conviction in some Higher Power who/ which is behind this universe and also constitutes our own Higher Self. Both involve a set of further beliefs and observances in practice. Thus religion consists of theology, mythology, philosophy, churches, rituals, temples, priests and other paraphernalia. Spirituality does not involve so many things but that also in the end is a belief system. When people say they are SBNR, it means that they do not believe in organised religion, not that they shun all belief. They would have the tiger, but not its stripes! To say one has no belief is also a belief!

                             *          to be continued

tags – need, religion, fan club

Better go to Heaven in rags than to Hell in embroidery! (Post No. 2495)

birds, gopuram

Compiled by london swaminathan

Date: 31 January 2016


Post No. 2495


Time uploaded in London :–  15-06


( Thanks for the Pictures  ) 




(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com; contact 





February 2016 Good Thoughts Calendar

Festivals in February:

8-Thai Amavasya and Chinese New Year, 22- Maasi Maham and Mahaa Maham held once in 12 years;14 Valentine Day and Ratha Saptami



Auspicious Days: 3,5,10, 12,17,19,26

Full Moon 22 Masi Makam, Maha Maham and Float Festival in several temples

New Moon 8 Thai Amavasya

Ekadasi Fasting Days: 4, 18


29 Golden Sayings on Religion are in this month’s calendar.

bhuvaeswari, mysore

February 1 Monday

A man without a religion is a horse without a bridle.

February 2 Tuesday

One may live without father or mother, but one cannot live without God.

February 3 Wednesday

Have God and have all.

February 4 Thursday

He loses nothing who keeps God for his friend.

February 5 Friday

The best way to travel is towards Heaven.


cave temple, HP

February 6 Saturday

Put your trust in God, but keep your powder dry (Advice given by Oliver Cromwell to his troops while crossing a river)

February 7 Sunday

Praise the Lord and pass the ammunition (First said by a Chaplain at Pearl Harbour in 1941)

February 8 Monday

The man of God is better for having his bows and arrows about him.

February 9 Tuesday

St. Luke was a saint and physician and yet he died.

February 10 Wednesday

Jest not with the religion or eye.



February 11 Thursday

King Harry robbed the church, and died a beggar (A reference to Henry VIII and the Reformation)

February 12 Friday

Better go to heaven in rags than to hell in embroidery.

February 13 Saturday

Heaven and hell are within the heart (Chinese proverb)

February 14 Sunday

He that will enter into Paradise must have a good key.

February 15 Monday

A man must go old to the court, and young to a cloister, that would go from thence to heaven.



cheranmadevi appan

February 16 Tuesday

Gold goes in at any gate except heaven’s.

February 17 Wednesday

Who fasts and does no other good, spares his bread and goes to hell

Poor men go to heaven as soon as rich.

February 18 Thursday

Hell is always open.

February 19 Friday

Danger makes men devout.

February 20 Saturday

Some are atheists only in fair weather.



February 21 Sunday

The porter calls upon God only when he is under the load (Arabic Proverb)

February 22 Monday

An atheist is one point beyond the devil.

February 23 Tuesday

A complete Christian must have the works of a Papist, the words of a Puritan, and the faith of a Protestant.

February 24 Wednesday

The Jews spend at Easter, the Moors at marriages, the Christians in suits (suits here refers to lawsuits)

February 25 Thursday

Henry the Eighth pulled down monks and their cells, Henry the Ninth should pull down bishops and their bells (A reference to the Reformation).



February 26 Friday

There is no rain – the Christians are the cause ( A popular proverb in ancient Rome)

February 27 Saturday

Clergymen’s sons always turn out badly.

February 28 Sunday

A Pope by voice, a king by birth, an emperor by force.

February 29 Monday

A short prayer penetrates the heaven. The fewer the words, the better the prayer.