Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 18 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London  6-18 am




Post No. 4631

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.







Hatred to oneself leads to death;

to another person loss of wealth;

to the king to destruction and

to a Brahmin to the destruction of the family

–Chanakya Niti, chapter 10, sloka 11

aatmadveshaad bhavenmrtyuh paradveshaad dhanakshyah

rajadveshaad bhavennaaso brahmadveshaat kulakshayah


We know that if someone hates oneself, it leads to one’s suicide; if one hates others it leads to conflicts and clashes resulting in destruction of life or property.


The message is any form of hatred creates problems.

Buddha in Buddhist Veda Dhammapada and Tiruvalluvar in Tamil Veda Tirukkural deal with this topic. It shows the importance of the topic.

The opposite of hatred is Love.


Chanakya dealt with hatred in only one couplet/ sloka.


Tamil poet Tiru valLuvar deals with this topic in ten couplets!


Valluvar says,

Out of hatred arise all evils; out of love comes the glory that is called discreteness- Kural 860

“The evil of hatred is the grief of griefs. If it is rooted out, you can enjoy the joy of joys (854)

Nip in the bud the feeling of hostility and you prosper well. FOr one is fast ruined by fomenting hatred – Kural 858


Buddha said,
For hate is not conquered by hate; hate is conquered by love. This is a law eternal (Dhammapada1-5)


Valluvar said,
The best punishment for those who do evil to you, is to shame them by returning good for evil (Kural 314).


Manu hates Hatred!

Manu, the author of the world’s first book on law—Manu Smrti deals with hatred in more places than the Buddha.


In the very beginning he says law book is ‘only for those who are without passion or hatred’!


“Learn the religion that is constantly followed by learned men, good men who have neither passion nor hatred”- Manu 2-1

“If someone speaks wrongly and someone questions wrongly, one of them will die or incur other’s hatred “ 2-11

“By obstructing his sensory powers, destroying passion and hatred, and doing no violence to living beings, he becomes fit for immortality”- 6-60


“The man who is deluded to hate the king will certainly be destroyed, for the king quickly makes up his mind to destroy him” – Manu 7-12


“ A husband should wait for one year for a wife  who hates him; but after a year, he should take away her inheritance and not live with her”- 9-77

“Satva Guna is traditionally regarded as knowledge, Rajo Guna as hatred and passion, Tamo Guna as darkness and ignorance”– Manu 12-26

Duryodhana was an embodiment of hatred and jealousy; Yudhishthira was a symbol of love and righteousness. Duryodhana destroyed himself; Yudhishthira survived! This is a lesson from the Mahabharata.

If you want to live without problems, don’t hate anyone.







Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 16 NOVEMBER 2017


Time uploaded in London- 21-09



Post No. 4402

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.




Manu said that if anyone can recite the Rig Veda, even if he destroys the three worlds, he incurs no sin!

Buddha said that even if a Brahmin killed a king, his father and mother, he incurs no sin! It may look strange. But one must read between the lines.


What is the message they want to give us?

A true Brahmin who has mastered Rig veda can’t think of anything like hurting anyone; leave alone destroying the three worlds.

A true Brahmin, according to Buddha, is equal to a saint, i.e. one with saintly virtues. So, he can’t think of hurting anyone.


Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar also said that “A Brahmin is kind to all creatures” (Kural 30)



“A Brahmin by retaining Rig Veda (RV) in his memory incurs no guilt, though he should destroy the three worlds”– 11-261

Manu on the Veda

“The Veda is the eternal eye of the ancestors, gods and humans; the teachings of the Veda are impossible to master and impossible to measure; this is an established fact”–Manu 12-94

The same verse is translated by Monier Williams as follows:-

“The Veda is of patriarchs and men

And even of gods, a very eye eternal

Giving unerring light; it is beyond

All finite faculties, nor can be proved

By force of human argument—this is

A positive conclusion”–  Manu 12-94



Buddha Says:–


“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people”

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 294


Because he has put away evil, he is called a Brahmin; because he lives in peace, he is called a ‘samana’; because he leaves all sins behind, he is called a ‘Pabbajita’, a pilgrim.

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 388

Ons should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 389


It is important that we should never quote anything out of context; more important is that we should understand the meaning behind the words.

Foreigners who quoted Vedic hymns always used them out of context and took literary meaning. So we must be careful when we read anything written by foreign and non-Hindu hands.

–Subham, Subham-

About Brahmins: Buddha and Valluvar Think Alike!- Part 7 (Post No.3956)

Research Article Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 30 May 2017


Time uploaded in London- 20-37


Post No. 3956


Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.




Buddha in Dhammapada and Tiru Valluvar in the Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ praised the Brahmins sky-high, but defined who is a true Brahmin as well.


Tamil poet Valluvar lived approximately 1000 years after the Buddha. He referred to Brahmins in at least four couplets directly and another six couplets indirectly; but Buddha referred to Brahmins in at least 45 couplets; Buddha was so obsessed with the Brahmins that he wanted them to follow him like the emperor Ajata satru and others.

Let me give some examples for comparison which will show that great men think alike.

One must remember that the Brahmins of those days lived like saints; the very term meant one who seeks Brahman; Tamil words for Brahmins are also synonyms of saints such as inward looking, who sees (seer). Other Tamil names included ‘men of six tasks’ ‘Veda reciters’.

Buddha also accepted the Vedic Sanskrit word Brahmana, synonymous with a saint. But he devoted one entire chapter for Brahmins. It follows the chapter Bikshu varga (Buddhis monks). so by Brahmin he meant only Hindu Brahmins/saints.


In short Brahmins were saints and saints were Brahmins in those days. That is how even Viswamitra was called a Brahmin by Vasishtha after a long penance observed by him. Tamil kings and emperors of North India donated a lot to the Brahmins; Asoka mentioned Brahmins first and then Sramanas in his inscriptions.

Virtuous are called Brahmins


“It is the virtuous that are called Brahmins (Anthanar in Tamil) for it is they that scatter kindness towards all that breathes”- Kural 30

“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people” (294 Dhammapada).


He who hurts not with his thoughts, or words or deeds, who keeps these three under control – him I call a brahmin -(391 Dhammapada).



Don’t Hurt Brahmins


“Cows yield less and men of six duties forget their book (Vedas), if the king does not guard justice”- (Kural 560)

Cows and Brahmins will be paired together in most of the Tamil verses and Sanskrit hymns (E.g Bhagavad Gita 5-18 and Sambandar Tevaram)

One should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil. Alas for the man who hurts a Brahmin; Als for the Brahmin who returns evil for evil- (Dhammapada 389)



Men of Character

“ A Brahmin can learn anew the Vedas even if he forgets his leaning; but if he fails in his conduct he slips down in his rank of birth”- Kural 134

Brahmins are placed first in the four castes in all the ancient books. If they lose the character they lose their birth right.

It is Manu Smrti also.

A man becomes not a Brahmin by long hair or family of birth. The man in whom truth and holiness, he is in joy and he is a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 393)

Of what use is your tangled hair, foolish man, of use your antelope garment, if within you have tangled cravings, and without ascetic ornaments-(Dhammapada 394)




King and the Brahmins


As the ultimate basis of the Vedas of the sages/brahmins and the dharma of wise men

stands the straight sceptre of a just king- Kural 543


Here Valluvar used the Tamil word ‘book of the Anthanar’ and the word Anthanar stands for brahmins.


It is sweet in this world to be a mother; and to be a father is sweet. It is sweet in this world to be a monk; and to be a saintly Brahmin is sweet (Dhammapada 332)

Who clings not to sensuous pleasurers, even water clings nt to the lotus leaf, or a grain of mustard seed  to the point of a needle – him I call a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 401)




Avoidance of Killing (Non Killing)

In another Kural/couplet he mentioned the fire sacrifices of the Brahmins:

Far better and holier than a thousand oblations on the sacrificial fires is the one sacred act of abstaining from the flesh of a slaughtered animal (Kural 259)

Manu gives the same message in Manu Smrti 5-53:

“The man who offers a horse sacrifice (Asva medha Yajna) every year for a hundred years and the man who does not eat meat, the two of them reap the same fruit of good deeds” -Manu 5-53

This is about the Brahmins sacrifices; though Asva medha was done by the kings, only Brahmins performed it for them.

Who hurts not any living being, whether feeble or strong, who neither kills nor causes to kill – him I call a Brahmin- (Dhammapada 405)


But although a man may wear fine clothing, if he lives peacefully; and is good, self-possessed, has faith and is pure; and if does not hurt any living being, he is a holy Brahmin, a hermit of seclusion, a monk called a Bikshu (Dhammapada 142)


Brahmins – Gods on Earth!

“Those who in this world enjoy instruction which is the food of the ear, are equal to the Gods who enjoy who enjoy the food of the sacrifice”- Kural 413

Tamil words used by Valluvar ‘Kelvi’ litearlly means Sruti/Veda; ‘avi unavu’ = Havis food

Brahmins are called Busurar i.e. god among men in Tamil hymns; Satapata Brahmana call them living/walking gods.

He who lives in contemplation, who is pure and is in peace, and who has done what was to be done, who is free from passions, who reached the Supreme end – him I call a Brahmin – (Dhammapada 386)


In couplet 28 of Tirukkural, he mentioned Vedic mantras.




மன்னனின் பிரச்சினையும் ஆனந்தரின் தீர்வும்! (Post No.3405)



Date: 1st December 2016


Time uploaded in London: 5-50 AM


Post No.3405


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.







புத்தரின் சீடர் ஆனந்தர் வாழ்வில்!


மன்னனின் பிரச்சினையும் ஆனந்தரின் தீர்வும்!



புத்தரின் சீடரான ஆனந்தர் மிக அபாரமான அறிவும் சிறந்த பண்புநலன்களும் உடையவர்.

எந்த சிக்கலான பிரச்சினைக்கும் யாருக்கும் துன்பம் இல்லாதவாறு தீர்வைக் காண்பவர்.

இதை விளக்கும் ஒரு சம்பவம் உண்டு.

ஒரு முறை மன்னன் பசநாடி மிகுந்த கோபத்துடனும் துக்கத்துடனும் இருந்தான். காரணம், அந்தப்புரத்தில் இருந்த போது அவன் மகுடத்தில் இருந்த ஒரு இரத்தினக் கல்லைக் காணோம் என்பது தான்.

அந்தப் புரத்தில் இருந்த அனைவரையும் நன்கு சோதிக்குமாறு மந்திரியிடம் அவன் உத்தரவு பிறப்பித்தான்.

ஆனால் பயன் ஏதுமில்லை.



அந்தப்புரப் பெண்மணிகளும் அங்கு வேலை பார்த்தோரும் மிகுந்த துன்பத்துக்கு ஆளானார்கள்

கவலையுடன் அவர்கள் அனைவரும் ஆன்ந்தரை நாடினார்கள்..

என்ன விஷயம் என்று கேட்டார் ஆனந்தர்.

அவர்கள் நடந்ததை விளக்கினர். ஆனந்தர் நேராக  மன்னனிடம் வந்தார்.

மன்னா! கவலைப்பட வேண்டாம். இந்தப் பிரச்சினையை எளிதில் தீர்த்து விடலாம் என்றார்.

மன்னன், “பூஜ்யரே, அது எப்படி சாத்தியம். அனைவரையும் நன்கு சோதித்து விட்டோமே. இனி என்ன வழி?” என்று கேட்டான்.

:”மன்னா! அங்குள்ள ஒவ்வொருவரிடமும் சிறிது வைக்கோலையும் களிமண் உருண்டையும் கொடுத்து அவர்கள் விரும்பிய இடத்தில் அவற்றை வைக்கச் சொல்” என்றார் ஆனந்தர்.


அதன்படியே உத்தரவு பிற்ப்பிக்கப்பட்டது. அனைத்து களிமண் உருண்டைகளும் சேகரிக்கப்பட்டன. ஆனந்தர் அவற்றைக் கவனமாகச் சோதித்தார். திருடியது யாராக இருந்தாலும் இந்த வாய்ப்பைப் பயன்படுத்தி களிமண் உருண்டைக்குள் இரத்தினக் கல்லை வைத்து விடுவார் என்று அவர் எண்ணினார். ஆனால் அந்த உருண்டைகள் எதிலும்இரத்தினக்கல் இல்லை.

ஆனந்தர் யோசித்தார். தன் திட்டத்தைச் சற்று மாற்றினார்.

“மன்னா! ஒரு அறைக்குள் பெரிய குடம் நிறையத் தண்ணீரை வை. அந்த அறைக்கு முன்னால் திரை ஒன்று தொங்கட்டும். அனைவரையும் அங்கு சென்று குடத்தின் நீரால் கையை அலம்பச் சொல்” என்றார்.

அனைவரும் அறைக்குள் சென்று திரைக்குப் பின்னால் இருந்த குடத்து நீரால் கையை அலம்பி விட்டு வந்தனர்.

பின்னர் ஆனந்தர் மன்னனுடன் அந்த அறைக்குள் நுழைந்தார்.

குடத்திலிருந்த நீரைக் கொட்டினார். குட்த்தின் உள்ளே இரத்தினக்கல் இருந்தது.

மன்னன் மிகவும் மனம் மகிழ்ந்தார்ன். அவரது கூர்மையான அறிவையும் பிரச்சினையை யாருக்கும் பாதகமில்லாமல் அணுகி உடனே அதைத் தீர்த்ததையும் வெகுவாகப் போற்றினான்.

அவரைப் பணிந்து ஆசியை வேண்டினான்.

ஆனந்தர் தன் வாழ்நாள் முழுவதும் புத்தரின் போதனைகளின் படி வாழ்ந்து காண்பித்தார்.

எந்தப் பிரச்சினையாக இருந்தாலும் சரி, உடனடியாக யாவருக்கும் இசைந்த முறையில் தீர்வைக் காண்பார்.

புத்தருக்கு  உகந்த சீடர் அவரே என்பதைக் காட்டும் ஏராளமான சம்பவங்கள் அவர் வாழ்வில் நடந்தன. அனைத்துமே அருமையானவை!



புத்த தரிசனம் (Post No.3263)


Written by S. NAGARAJAN

Date: 18 October 2016

Time uploaded in London: 6-24 AM

Post No.3263

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks


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வலை வாசம்!

பாக்யா 14-10-2016 இதழில் வெளியாகியுள்ள கட்டுரை


புத்த தரிசனம்


By ச.நாகராஜன்


இணைய தளத்தில் ஆயிரக்கணக்கான ப்ளாக்குகள்! வலைகளில் பூக்கும் மலர்களின் வாசமே தனி தான்!

அறிவியல் ஆன்மீகம், உள்வியல், திரைப்படம், கவிதை, கதை, ஜோக் என எந்தப் பொருளிலும் அறிய வேண்டிய ஆர்வமூட்டும் ஏராளமான விஷயங்கள் உள்ளன.

சாம்பிளுக்கு ஆன்மீகத்தில் ஒன்று ஜோக்கில் ஒன்று பார்ப்போம்:


புத்த தரிசனம்


முன்னொரு காலத்தில் சீனாவில் நடந்தது இது. யுங் ஃபு என்ற ஒரு இளைஞன் சிசுவான் என்ற இடத்தை நோக்கிப் பயணமானான். அவனது இலட்சியம் போதிசத்வர் வூஜியைத் தரிசிப்பது தான்!

வூஜி என்றால் எல்லையற்ற அல்லது அளவே இல்லாத என்று பொருள்.


செல்லும் வழியில் பிட்சு ஒருவரை அவன் பார்த்தான்.

“நீ எங்கே போகிறாய்?” என்று கேட்டார் பிட்சு.

இளைஞன் போதிசத்வர் வூஜியைத் தரிசித்து அவரிடம் சிஷ்ய்னாகப் போவதாக பதிலிறுத்தான்.

“புத்தரைப் பார்ப்பது என்பது போதிசத்வர் வூஜியைப் பார்ப்பதற்கு இணையாகாது:”என்றார் துறவி.



இளைஞன் ஒத்துக் கொண்டான். ஆனால் புத்தரை எப்படிப் பார்க்க முடியும்.

அது இறுதியான ஞானம் அடையும் போதல்லவா முடியும்!

‘புத்தரை எங்கே பார்ப்பது?” என்று திகைப்புடன் வினவினான் இளைஞன்.


“ஒன்றும் கவலைப்பட வேண்டாம்” என்று கூறிய பிட்சு, “இப்போது புத்தர் உங்கள் வீட்டிலே தான் இருக்கிறார்!” என்றார்.

திகைத்துப் போன இளைஞன்.” அப்படியா! அவர் புத்தர் தான் என்பதை எப்படித் தெரிந்து கொள்ள முடியும்? அடையாளம் என்ன?” என்று கேட்டான்.



“ஒன்றும் சிரமமில்லை. ஒரு போர்வையைத் தாறுமாறாகப் போர்த்திக் கொண்டு செருப்பை யார் மாற்றி அணிந்திருக்கிறாரோ அவர் தான் புத்தர். அடையாளம் காண்பது எளிது!” என்றார் பிட்சு.

மனம்  மகிழ்ந்த இளைஞன் அவரை அடி பணிந்து வணங்கி உட்னே தன் வீட்டிற்குத் திரும்பினான்.


ஒடோடி வந்த அவன் தன் வீட்டுக் கதவைத் தடதடவென்று தட்டி அம்மா என்று அழைத்தான்.

தன் பிள்ளையின் குரலைக் கேட்ட வயதான தாய் மனம்  மகிழ்ந்தாள். வயதான அவள் ஒரு பாயில் படுத்துக் கிடந்தாள். மனமோ நெடுந்தூரம் சென்றிருந்த தன் மகன் ந்ல்லபடியாக இருக்க வேண்டுமே: என்று கவலைப் பட்டுக் கொண்டிருந்தது. அவன் நலத்தைப் பற்றியே ஓயாமல் சிந்தித்துக் கொண்டிருந்த அவள் தன் மகனின் குரலைக் கேட்டு எல்லையற்ற மகிழ்ச்சி அடைந்தாள்.



போர்த்தியிருந்த போர்வையை அப்படியே மூடிக் கொண்டாள். விரைவாக ஓடோடி வந்த அவள் செருப்பைத் தாறுமாறாக மாற்றி அணிந்தாள். கதவைத் திறந்தாள்.


இளைஞன் தன் தாயைக் கண்டான். போர்வை தாறுமாறாக, செருப்புகள் மாறி இருக்க;… அவரே புத்தர்! பிட்சுவின் வாசகங்கள் நினைவிற்கு வந்தன.


தனது தாயின் முகத்தைப் பார்த்தான்.

எல்லையற்ற ஆனந்தம் பூத்திருக்கும் முகத்தைக் கண்டான். அங்கிருந்து பொழியும் அன்பை உணர்ந்தான்.

அந்த கணத்தில அவன் மனதில் அமைதி நிலவியது. ஆனந்தம் பொங்கியது. அவனுக்கு பரிபூரண ஞானம் ஏற்பட்டு விட்டது;



புத்த தரிசனமும் ஞானமும் அவனுக்குக் கிடைத்து விட்டது.


எனக்கும் அந்தத் தொழில் தான்!


இனி வலையில் ப(பி)டித்த ஒரு ஜோக் ..


ஒரு மூளையியல் நிபுணர் தன் காரை ரிப்பேருக்குக் கொடுத்திருந்தார்.

மெக்கானிக்கை அணுகிய அவர், “என்ன எல்லா வேலையும் முடிந்ததா? கியர் சரியாகி விட்டதா? சார்ஜ் எவ்வளவு?” என்று கேட்டார்.


“எல்லாம சரியாக இருக்கிறது” என்று உறுதிபடக் கூறிய மெக்கானிக், “சார்ஜ் அதிகமில்லை. எழுநூறு ரூபாய் தான்” என்றான்.


திகைத்துப் போன நியூரோ சர்ஜன், “ எழுநூறா! எனக்குக் கூட அவ்வளவு கிடைப்பதில்லையே!” என்றார்.


“டாக்டர், அதனால் தான் அந்தத் தொழிலிலிருந்து நான் இதற்கு மாறி விட்டேன்!” என்றான் முன்னாள் நியுரோ சர்ஜனான அந்த இந்நாள் மெக்கானிக்!



Conquer Evil Doers by Saintliness, Anger by peacefulness (Post No. 2839)


Article written by London swaminathan


Date: 25 May 2016


Post No. 2839


Time uploaded in London :–  16-35


( Thanks for the Pictures)




(for old articles go to OR

 vyasa 2

There is a beautiful sloka/couplet in the Mahabharata:


Akrodhena jayet krodham, asaadhum saadhunaa jayet

Jayet kadaryam daanena, jayet satyena caanrutam



Conquer the anger of others by non-anger

Conquer evildoers by saintliness,

Conquer the miser by gifts

Conquer falsehood by truth

-Udhyogaparva, 38-73,74


It is interesting to compare it with what the Budhha said:-

Overcome anger by peacefulness

Overcome evil by good

Overcome the mean by generosity

And the man who lies by truth

–Dhammapada 223

buddha tree upades

Buddha came approximately 2500 years after Vyasa, the author of Mahabharata.


Now Tiruvalluvar who came 2500 years after the Buddha says


“Where is the superiority of the worthy man, if he does not choose to make,

A good turn even to those who do him wrong”

-Tirukkural 987


The idea of forgiving, forgetting and doing good in return, had been developing among philosophers, prophets and great men of the world over centuries. Noble characters forget injuries; base ones forget benefits.


Lao Tse of China said, “requite injury with kindness” which is very different from the law of Hammurabi, based on, “eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth”.


The bible says , “whoever strikes thee on the right cheek,

Turn to him the other also”.

-Mathews 5,39


The best way to punish those who harm you is to make them feel abashed by doing them good and thinking no more of it.

-Tirukkural 314



That is, the best punishment for those who do evil to you, is to shame them by returning good for evil.


Dr S M Diaz in his commentary says,


“I am reminded of JR Lowell’s poem ‘Youssouf’ in which the great and generous sheik of the desert avenged the killing of his first born son by speeding the murderer to safety with enough gold and a speed horse. In his heart

Youssouf’ felt that in doing thus he was acting ‘as one lamp lights another, nor grows less, so nobleness enkindleth nobleness’.


Youssouf’s conduct in this connection went one step ahead of just forgiveness. It is n line with Seneca’s view  that ‘the mark of true greatness is not to notice that you have received a blow’ –that a wrong has been done to you”.



Mind is a Tiger: Adi Shankara

mind tiger

Hindu Encyclopaedia of the Mind – Part 1

Compiled by London Swaminathan.

Post No. 846 Date: 17 February 2014

It is a shame that neither Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), father of psycho analysis or Carl Gustav Jung (1875—1961), founder of analytical psychology, are here today to study the Hindu Yogis. Hindu saints have tremendous knowledge of the function of mind and thought power. They understood the power of mind and demonstrated it publicly. I don’t know how people like Freud and Jung missed those saints and their views and coined new terms and misinterpreted dreams etc. Hindus are well ahead of western researchers on mind. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa is one of the saints who explained it in crystal clear terms. So let me start with Sri RKP.

Following are some of the quotations of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and Swami Vivekananda:
The mind is everything. If the mind loses its liberty, you lose yours. If the mind is free, you too are free. The mind may get dyed in any colour. Like a white cloth fresh from the laundry. Study English and you will mix English words in your talk in spite of yourself. The pundit who studies Sanskrit must quote verses. If the mind is kept in bad company, the evil influence of it will colour one’s conversation and thought. Placed in the midst of devotees, the mind is sure to meditate on god and god alone. It changes its nature according to the things amongst which it lives and acts.

The mind is everything. The attraction for the wife is of one kind, and the affection for the child is of quite a different nature. On one side is one’s wife, on another side is the child, one caresses both , but moved by quite different impulses.

Bondage is of the mind; freedom too is of the mind. If you say, “ I am a free soul. I am a son of god! Who can bind me?” free you shall be. If one is bitten by a snake and can say with all the force of will and faith, “ There is no venom, there is no venom”, one will surely get rid of the venom.

fighting tiger

Mind and machines (Swami Vivekananda)

Machines never made mankind happy and never will make. He who is trying to make us believe this will claim happiness is in the machine; but it is always in the mind. That man alone who is the lord of his mind can become happy, and none else.

Kill the Mind: The direction of the mind which always runs after the senses has to be turned within. The mind has to be killed. The body dies and dissolves in the five elements. But the bundle of mental impressions which is the mind does not die soon. It remains for sometime in seed form and then sprouts and grows in the form of a tree – it takes on another physical body and goes the round of birth and death, until self knowledge arises. Therefore I say, by meditation and concentration and by power philosophical discrimination plunge this mind in the ocean of Existence-Knowledge- Bliss Absolute. When the mind dies, all limiting adjuncts vanish and you are established in the Brahman.
Source: Sayings of Sri Ramakrishna , Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Chennai 600 004 and Selections from The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Advaita Ashrama, Calcutta 700 014

Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita

Without doubt, O Might armed (Arjuna), the mind is difficult to control and restless but it can be controlled. O,Son of Kunti, , by constant practice and non attachment (6-35).
Even here on earth the world is overcome by those whose mind is established in equality (5—19)
Purushasuktam of Rik Veda also confirms one can attain mukti/liberation even on earth (tam evam vidvan amruta iha bhavati).

TIGER: Adi Shankara in Viveka Chudamani

“In the forest tract of sense pleasures there prowls a huge tiger called the mind. Let good people who have a longing for liberation never go there “
( Viveka Chudamani–176)
Source : Viveka Chudamani, Advaita Ashrama, Calcutta 700 014

tiger fight 1
In Shankara’s Question and Answer hymn (Prasnottara Ratna Malika ) there are a few questions on the mind:
Q: What spoils the mind (madhi) and brings down its efficiency like an
alcoholic drink?
A: Love (or) Friendship (snehah) of the abnormal or extreme kind.

Q: Where is the receptacle of poison (Visham)?
A: In the mind of evil men (dushta-jane)

Q: Whose mind is always on the right track?
A: Of one who honours holymen.

Q: What is difficult for human beings (Kim Dushkaram Naraanaam)?
A: The constant control of Mind (Yan Manaso Nigraha: Satatam).


Buddha on Mind (from The Dhammapada)

The mind is wavering and restless, difficult to guard and restrain: let the wise man straighten his mind as a maker of arrows makes his arrows straight (33)
Like a fish which is thrown on dry land, taken from his home in the waters, the mind strives and struggles to get free from the power of death (34)

It is good to control the mind; a mind self controlled is a source of great joy (35)

Considering that this body is frail like a jar, make your mind strong like a fortress and fight the great fight against MARA, all evil temptations. After victory guard well your conquests, and ever forever watch (40)

An enemy can hurt an enemy, and a man who hates can harm another man; but a man’s own mind, if wrongly directed, can do him a far greater harm (42).
Source: Penguin 60s Classics Buddha’s Teachings


Buddha, Zoroaster and Mohamed on Workers

Picture of Buddha at Spring Temple, China (from Wikipedia)

Golden sayings about workers/employees by great religious leaders are given below:
Lord Buddha says in Sigalovada suttanta:

“ In five ways does an Aryan master helps his servants and employees
1.By assigning them work according to their strength
2.By supplying them with food and wages
3.By tending them in sickness
4.By sharing with them unusual delicacies
5.By granting leave periodically.

In these ways ministered to by their master, servants and employees love their master in five ways—
1.They rise before him
2.They lie down to rest after him
3.They are content with what is given to them
4.They do their work well
5.And they carry about his praise and good fame”.

Parsees (Religion: Zoroastrianism)
Zoroastrian Prayer gives better guarantee than Marxism against apprehension of injustice or inequality :
“The thought well thought
The word well spoken
The deed well done”
(Humata, Hukhata, Hvershta)
And directive to the followers of the way of the Wise Lord to be pure in thoughts and deeds, charitable to those in need, kind to all useful animals, and industrious in tilling the soil, growing trees, raising cattle or doing other profitable and useful labour
(Humata ,Hukhata, Hvershta= Hindus say Mano, Vak, Kaya)

Mohamed says, “ Your servants are your brothers. God has placed them under your charge; whosoever has then a brother under his charge, let him feed him what he eats himself, and let him clothe him out of with what he clothes himself, and compel them not to do a work which will overpower them.”

Thus, though attentive to the material needs of the peoples, all religions and their leaders differ from Marxism in that:
1).None of them subscribes to naked materialism
2).None of them treats man as a mere economic being; and
3).None of them relies upon external coercion as an instrument for reformation of men and matters.
Source: The Perspective by D.B. Thengadi, Trade Unionist.


60 second interview with The Buddha


(Questions are imaginary; answers are from The Dhammapada)

Buddha, people say mind is like a monkey, jumping from one thing to another. How can we control it?

The mind is wavering and restless, difficult to guard and restrain: let the wise man straighten his mind as a maker of arrows makes his arrows straight (33).

What is the eternal law?

For hate is not conquered by hate; hate is conquered by love. This is a law eternal (5)

Who is happy?

The man who does good things is happy in both worlds. He is glad, he feels great happiness when he sees the good he has done (16).

Why are thoughts important?

What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life of tomorrow; our life is the creation of our mind (2).

Can we criticize others when they do something wrong?

Think not of the faults of others, of what they have done or not done. Think rather of your own sins, of the things you have done or not done (50).

Who is a fool?

How long is the night to the watchman; how long is the road to the weary; how long is the wandering of lives (samsara) ending in death for the fool who cannot find the path (60).

Who is wise?

Even as a great rock is not shaken by the wind, the wise man is not shaken by praise or by blame.

What is the source of joy?

Wherever holy men dwell, that is indeed a place of joy- be it in the village, or in a forest, or in a valley or on the hills (98).

 Can we call a person Hero who kills hundreds of people with his AK 47 gun?

If a man should conquer in a battle a thousand and a thousand more, and another man should conquer himself, his would be the greater victory, because the greatest of the victories the victory over oneself (103-105).

Should I postpone doing good things till my old age?

Make haste and do what is good. If a man is slow in doing good, his mind finds pleasure in evil (116).

Lord Krishna (Gita 2-58) compares a tortoise to a self controlled Yogi and you said something similar…

The man whose hands are controlled, whose feet are controlled, whose words are controlled, who is self controlled in all things, who finds the inner joy, whose mind is self possessed, who is one and has found perfect peace-this man I call a monk (362)

Lord Krishna in Gita says Arise! Attain Glory! The Self is the friend and foe of the Self.

Arise! Rouse thyself by thy Self; train thyself by thyself, thy Self. Under the shelter of thy  Self , and ever watchful, thou shall live in supreme joy (379, 380)

Buddha, you have given one full chapter for Brahmins (Chapter 26) in Dhammapada. Who is a Brahmin according to you?

A man becomes not a Brahmin by long hair or family or birth. The man in whom there is truth and holiness, he is in joy and he is a Brahmin (393)

Who is free from anger, faithful to his vows, virtuous, free from lusts, self restrained, whose mortal body is his last- him I call a Brahmin.(400)

One should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil (389)

About misers….

Misers certainly do not go to the heaven of the gods (177)

About Birth……

It is a great event to be born a man (182).

About Love…..

O let us live in joy, in love amongst those who hate! Among men who hate, let us live in love (197).

About Health……

Health is the greatest possession. Contentment is the greatest treasure.  Confidence is the greatest friend. Nirvana is the greatest joy. (204)

Buddha, Thanks a lot. You have enlightened us.


Do our Dreams Have Meaning?

by S Swaminathan


Maya Devi dreaming

Every one of us dreams at night. Most of them are without any meaning. We couldn’t even remember them the next morning. But now and then we read in newspapers or our ancient scriptures about some dreams becoming prophetic. What is the truth?

A devote Hindu knows the importance of good sleep. He prays for it in the Rudram – Chamakam of Yajur Veda. Every day, Brahmins pray to God three times a day to not give them “dus swapna” (nightmares). Ref. Adyano deva savita:,Sandhyavandana Mantra.

Western psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud interpreted dreams as wish fulfilment (nightmares being failed dreams prompted by fears of repressed impulses). In short western psychologists saw them as suppressed desires, feelings and wishes. According to the scientists, dreams occupy one fifth of our sleep and they happen during the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) period of sleep. REM sleep means that the cortex of the brain is about as active as during waking hours.

Hindus don’t agree with western views. We see more meaning in dreams. We think they are telling you what is going to happen to you – like winning the lottery or becoming ill or some misfortune to our near and dear. But not all the dreams are interpreted in this way. Hindus have analysed the status of the mind better than modern scientists. All our religious literature speaks of Jagrat (waking) Swapna (dream) Sushupti (deep sleep) and Turiya (an experience of pure consciousness beyond the three stages of sleep – there is no English word for it).

Swami Sivananda of Rishikesh who himself was a doctor turned ascetic explains dreams in a beautiful way in his book The Philosophy of Dreams ( It is available free of cost on the Divine Life Society website):

Every dream presentation has a meaning. A dream is like a letter written in an unknown language. To a man who does not know Chinese, a letter written in that language is a meaningless scroll. But to one who knows that language it is full of most valuable information. It may be the letter calls for immediate action; or it may contain words of consultation to one suffering from dejection. It may be a letter of threat or it may speak of love. These meanings are there only to one who would care to attend to the letter and would try to decipher it. But alas! How few of us try to understand these messages from the deep unseen ocean of our own Consciousness!”

Dreams in Vedic Literature

We have references to dreams in the Rig Veda, Kaushitaki Brahmana, Chandogya Upanishad and other classical Sanskrit literature. They treated dreams as prophetic- conveying some message of the future. For instance, the Chandogya Upanishad (V 2-8-9) says seeing a woman in a dream means a previous sacrifice (fire ceremony) was successful. But it gives conditions for such dreams. Kaushitaki Brahmana says seeing a man in black with black teeth is not a good omen. Some people even receive messages in dreams. Rishi Viswamitra received mantra upadesa from Lord Siva in his dream. Advocate of Vishistadvaita Sri Ramanuja believed that the dreams are caused by the Lord.

Andal, a great Tamil Vaishnavite woman saint saw Lord Vishnu marrying her in a dream. She sang about her dream in beautiful Tamil verses known as Varanam Ayiram. This is sung in all Tamil Vaishnavite weddings.

Before great men were born, the women had strange dreams. We see this in the birth of Jain saint Vartaman Mahavira, Gautama Buddha, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Vivekananda and several saints. Bhuvaneswari Devi, mother of Swami Vivekananda dreamt of Siva agreeing to be born as her son. Being a great devotee of Lord Vireswara Siva of Varanasi, she gave the name

Vireswara to her son. Later it was changed to Narendra and then to Vivekananda.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa’s parents experienced supernatural incidents, visions before his birth. His father Khudiram had a dream in Gaya in which Lord Gadadhara said that he would be born as his son. Chandramani Devi is said to have had a vision of light entering her womb from Shiva’s temple.

Gauthama Siddhartha’s mother Maya Devi and King Sudhdhodana were trying for a baby for twenty years after their marriage. One day she had a dream of a white elephant with a lotus flower in it’s trunk going around her three times and entering her womb. Before this she dreamt of bathing in a lake in the Himalayas. She was carried away to the lake by four angels in her dream.

Mother of Mahavira Trishala had 16 auspicious dreams before his birth. When King Sidhdharth consulted his astrologers they told him that there were 72 auspicious dreams according to the books on dreams and the king was going to get a son who will rule a spiritual empire. Trishala saw

1.       A white elephant

2.       A lion

3.       The Goddess Gaja Lakshmi

4.       Moon

5.       Two jumping fishes

6.       Sun

7.       Lake full of lotus flowers

8.       Ocean of milk

9.       A celestial palace

10.   A throne of rubies and diamonds

11.   A celestial king

12.   A garland

13.   A white bull

14.   Fragrant Mandara flowers

15.   A tall vase with gems and

16.   A white elephant entering her.

Seeing an elephant in a dream is considered auspicious. In most of the cases of divine births, we see a light entering or elephant entering the mother’s body.

Messages from the Departed souls

The previous Head of Madurai Adheenam (Saiva Mutt) who died several years ago did a lot of research about communicating with dead people. He has narrated several incidents where departed souls appeared in dreams to warn people about coming dangers.

When Vallabhacharya was born prematurely without life signs, his mother left him under a tree. When she came home with all the sadness, she dreamt of Krishna saying to her that he was born as a child to her. She ran back to the tree where the boy was alive and kicking with a divine fire protecting him. All of these stories impart some knowledge about dreams to those who have an interest in their interpretation.

Swami Vivekananda also narrated a strange dream about Jesus Christ to his disciples. Read it in his own words:

“I had a curious dream on my return voyage to England. While our ship was passing through the Mediterranean sea, in my sleep, an old and venerable looking person, Rishi-like in appearance, stood before me and said: I am one of the ancient order of Theraputtas which had its origin in the teaching of the Indian Rishis.
 The truths and ideals preached by us have been given out by Christians as taught by Jesus: but for the matter of that there was no such personality by the name of Jesus ever born. Various evidences testifying to this fact will be brought to light by excavating here. By excavating which place can those proofs and relics you speak of be found? I asked. The hoary-headed one pointing to a locality of Turkey, said, see here.
 Immediately after, I woke up, and at once rushed to the upper deck and asked the captain, ‘what neighbourhood is the ship in just now?’. ’Look yonder’, the captain replied, ’there is Turkey and the island of Crete’.”

Svapnavasava datta (Dream of Vasavadatta) is a famous drama by ancient Sanskrit playwright Bhasa.

The hero of the story is presented with an exact painting of a girl he had previously seen in a dream in the court of King Udayanan. Indians do not miss any opportunity to use a dream as the basis of their novels, dramas and films.

Mathematical Genius Ramanujan

Indian mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan said that he received his inspiration and mathematical solutions in his dreams. He attributed this to the Goddess at Namakkal. He said:

“While asleep I had an unusual experience. There was a red screen formed by flowing blood as it were. I was observing it. Suddenly a hand began to write on the screen. I became all attention. That hand wrote a number of results in elliptic integrals. They stuck to my mind. As soon as I woke up, I committed them to writing”

The most famous Tamil epic Silappadikaram narrated the vivid dreams of Kovalan and Kannaki, the hero and the heroine in great detail.

Tamil Bhakti literature (5th to 9th centuries) has a lot of references to dreams. 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature talks of animals dreaming – a concept which modern research at MIT and other scientific institutions recently confirmed.

Finally, I will leave you with a list of great people who attributed their discoveries or inventions to strange dreams:

1.       F.A. Kekule: saw the structure of Benzene in his dream and revealed it to the world

2.       Abraham Lincoln: dreamt of his assassination just before his death and told his friends

3.       Otto Loewi: won the Nobel prize for Science having discovered the chemical transmission of nerve impulses in a dream

4.       Paul McCartney: He got his tune for the ‘Yesterday‘ in a dream

5.       Mary Shelley: the idea for Frankenstein came to her in a dream

6.       Elias Howe: invented the sewing machine from a dream

7.       Stephen King: the famous novelist’s plots came from his dreams

Have sweet dreams!