Post No. 10,063

Date uploaded in London – 6 September   2021           

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Rigveda is the oldest anthology and religious book in the world. Herman Jacobi of Germany and Bala Gangadhar Tilak of India dated the book around 4000 BCE based on astronomical data in the Rigveda. It has got more than 20 women poets and stands unique in the world. Ancient languages like Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Persian, Chinese , Egyptian and Sumerian have got a few poetesses only, that too  later than the Rigveda. Tamil, which is the junior most among the ancient languages have got over 25 poetesses but several thousand years after the Rig Veda. Tamil is the youngest language in the group of classical languages. Tamil poetesses belong to first three centuries of common era CE.

The so-called scholars who are part of anti Hindu Marxist gang or anti Hindu Max Muller gang argue that the Vedic Hindus were immigrants from a cold region. Those half baked, jaundiced eyed, twisted angled, cross eyed fellows did not agree on the period of the immigration or the region from where they emigrated. This itself exposes their hollow and shallow hypothesis.

Hindus are the only people who use water from birth to death in all rites and religious ceremonies. Had they migrated from a cold area like central Asia or Siberia they wouldn’t even touch water like our modern brothers in the West. My white friends in London rarely take daily shower. But they wouldn’t smell like us. They never sweat like us, Hindus, because they are genetically designed that way. These gangs have been lying about Soma Juice as well. None of the gang members lived as a Hindu , practised as a Hindu or believed like a Hindu. They were pukka anti Hindu and never said a single word about other religions. This also shows their true colours.

A poem in the Rig Veda in the name of Rishi Apaalaa is very interesting and it shows that the Vedic Hindus were great farmers. This woman Apala prays to Indra to cure her skin disease, to give good hair growth in her father’s bald head and a fertile growth in their farms.

There is some unknown ritual as getting one through the three knaves of a chariot. None of the idiots in the West agree on what it is. She says that she found the valuable Soma plant near a stream while walking. She adds she would crush it with her teeth and give it to Indra. There are over 1000 references to Soma juice in the Veda. They used it thrice a day in the fire sacrifices. The first was in the early morning before sunrise. No westerner gets up that early, leave alone going to shower.

This woman is cured of skin disease after finding this herb.

The woman brings out some valiant information in her poem.

What do we know from this poem?

1.Soma cures even skin disease

2.Herself and her father were suffering from some rare skin disease and both of them lost hair in their body.

3. Through her prayer and use of Soma herb, both of them were cured.

4. And the most interesting point is she prayed for a fertile growth in her father’s field. This shows that they were farming. A lot of references on agriculture and agricultural machinery or equipment’s are available in the Rig Veda. Since it is a religious book and not a book on Botany or Agriculture we get them as passing remarks. One must read the Veda with a farmer’s eyes.

5.Soma plant is associated with falcon, hawk and eagle in several hymns ,at least in ten hymns. The seers/rishis say Soma was brought by falcon. None gave a satisfactory explanation for this. But they say they have identified the plant!!!!! A big joke!

6.Poetess Apala found this herb near a stream, probably she lived in a mountain. Rig Veda sings about 99 rivers, hills and unknown rivers and unidentified lakes. Vedic Hindus lived in a vast region between Afgahnistan and Delhi on the banks of Yamuna. In one and the same verse they mentioned Yamuna and far west Parusni river.

7.So finding Soma plant near a stream just like that by a woman raises interesting issues.

8.Interesting comparisons

Lot of people wrote that Bhakti movement was a very late one. Though Bhagavad Gita has Karma, Bhakti, Gnana yogas, Rigveda has got more references to Bhatkti. Like the Ramayana fame Forest tribal woman Miss Sabari who tasted every berry fruit before giving  it to Rama and Rama happily accepted it. This poetess Apala used her teeth to extract Soma juice and offered it to Indra. Indra accepted it. Sabari, probably followed Apala.

Another interesting comparison between the Tamil poetess Andal and Apala is the patriotism. Andal who lived 1400 years ago in Tamil Nadu, India also prays for abundant milk and fertile lands. In her third verse in Tiruppavai, she prays for Three Rains a Month ( it is a Hindu phrase to show the prosperity of land) and water stagnant fields with greeneries.

Apala could have stopped praying for herself. But she prayed for her father as well . Throughout the Rig Veda we see close knit family relationship. They always use similes like a lover rushing to her lady love or vice versa , child getting warmth from the clothes of father or mother, or son inheriting the father’s property.

Apala did not stop with her family. She wants prosperity to the country as well. Her patriotism makes her to sing for the prosperity of the green fields as well.

This poem has a single reference to growth of hair below her waist. This gave much fuel to sex maniacs in the West. Even if they find a single word about sex in the Hindu literature, they write doctoral thesis and publish a book. So much sex starved maniacs. Every house has got two important parts- one kitchen and another toilet. The non believers, the non practitioners, the anti Hindu Marxist, Max muller gangs are interested only in the toilets and not in the kitchen!


Here is Apala’s poem RV 8-91

1. DOWN to the stream a maiden came, and found the Soma by the way.

     Bearing it to her home she said, For Indra will I press thee out, for Sakra will I press thee out.

2. Thou roaming yonder, little man, beholding every house in turn,

     Drink thou this Soma pressed with teeth, accompanied with grain and curds, with cake of meal and song of praise.

3. Fain would we learn to know thee well, nor yet can we attain to thee.

     Still slowly and in gradual drops, O Indu, unto Indra flow.

4. Will he not help and work for us? Will he not make us wealthier?

     Shall we not, hostile to our lord, unite ourselves to Indra now?

5. O Indra, cause to sprout again three places, these which I declare,-

     My father’s head, his cultured field, and this the part below my waist.

6. Make all of these grow crops of hair, you cultivated field of ours,

     My body, and my father’s head.

7. Cleansing Apala, Indra! thrice, thou gavest sunlike skin to her,

     Drawn, Satakratu! through the hole of car, of wagon, and of yoke.

In some books, RV 8-91 is given as 8-80 because of 11 Valakhilya hymns.

Rig Veda Mandala 8 Hymn 91

कन्या वारवायती सोममपि सरुताविदत |
अस्तं भरन्त्यब्रवीदिन्द्राय सुनवै तवा शक्राय सुनवै तवा ||
असौ य एषि वीरको गर्हं-गर्हं विचाकशद |
इमं जम्भसुतं पिब धानावन्तं करम्भिणमपूपवन्तमुक्थिनम ||
आ चन तवा चिकित्सामो.अधि चन तवा नेमसि |
शनैरिव शनकैरिवेन्द्रायेन्दो परि सरव ||
कुविच्छकत कुवित करत कुविन नो वस्यसस करत |
कुवित पतिद्विषो यतीरिन्द्रेण संगमामहै ||
इमानि तरीणि विष्टपा तानीन्द्र वि रोहय |
शिरस्ततस्योर्वरामादिदं म उपोदरे ||
असौ च या न उर्वरादिमां तन्वं मम |
अथो ततस्य यच्छिरः सर्वा ता रोमशा कर्धि ||
खे रथस्य खे.अनसः खे युगस्य शतक्रतो |
अपालामिन्द्रत्रिष पूत्व्यक्र्णोः सूर्यत्वचम ||

kanyā vāravāyatī somamapi srutāvidat |
astaṃ bharantyabravīdindrāya sunavai tvā śakrāya sunavai tvā ||
asau ya eṣi vīrako ghṛhaṃ-ghṛhaṃ vicākaśad |
imaṃ jambhasutaṃ piba dhānāvantaṃ karambhiṇamapūpavantamukthinam ||
ā cana tvā cikitsāmo.adhi cana tvā nemasi |
śanairiva śanakairivendrāyendo pari srava ||
kuvicchakat kuvit karat kuvin no vasyasas karat |
kuvit patidviṣo yatīrindreṇa saṃghamāmahai ||
imāni trīṇi viṣṭapā tānīndra vi rohaya |
śirastatasyorigvedaarāmādidaṃ ma upodare ||
asau ca yā na urigvedaarādimāṃ tanvaṃ mama |
atho tatasya yacchiraḥ sarigvedaā tā romaśā kṛdhi ||
khe rathasya khe.anasaḥ khe yughasya śatakrato |
apālāmindratriṣ pūtvyakṛṇoḥ sūryatvacam ||


tags-  Rigveda, Apala, Sabari, Andal, RV.8-91

Sri Ramanuja’s Favourite Tamil Hymn!


Article written by London Swaminathan
Article No.1443; Dated 28th November 2014.

Who is Ramanuja?
Sri Ramanuja was a Hindu philosopher born in a Tamil Brahmin family in1017. Considered a great teacher who spread Vishtadvaita, was born in a Vadama family to Kesava Perumal Somayaji Dikshitar and Kanthimathi Ammal at Sri Perumpudur near Chennai. He lived a long life of 120 years and died in 1137. He was a great social reformer and converted a lot of people from lower castes as Vaishnavite Brahmins.

What is Tiruppavai?
Thirty verses sung by Tamil poetess Andal of seventh century CE in praise of Lord Krishna is known as Tiruppavai.

Sri Ramanuja is called by many names and epithets such as Udayavar, Emperumanar, Yathirajar and Bhasyakarar. But Ramanuja himself preferred another name Tiruppavai Jeeyar. He liked the verse No.18 more than any other verse from the thirty verses of Andal’s Tiruppavai. There is a story behind this. Vaishnavites sing this verse twice in all the reciting events because it was liked by Sri Ramanujacharya.

Ramanuja used to go to the houses of the devotees every day for food collection, singing the glories of Lord. One day he was singing the verse no 18 of Tiruppavai (Tamil, “Undhu Matha Kalitran….) and went round the streets. When he approached the house of his teacher Perianambi, he finished the verse by singing the last line

“Come along, throw open delighted
To clang thy bangles bright
In pinky lotus hand a sight
Listen and consider our damsel”.

Suddenly the door opened and he saw his teacher’s daughter Athulai standing there with the alms. Ramanuja saw her as Nappinnai and prostrated before her. People of divine origin see god everywhere. We have heard such episodes in the lives of several Alvars and Nayanmars. And thus this verse gained added significance. When the Vaishnavites sing this verse they remember their great Acharya Ramanuja and Lord Krishna with his consort Nappinnai.

Dancer Smitha Madhav as Andal (Photo from The Hindu)

Full Verse 18 of Tiruppavai goes like this:–
Oh! Daughter in law of Nandagopala
Who hath a shoulder mighty, never a fleer
A valiant Tusker emitting vigour; atop jasmine arcade
Again and again flock of larks had cooed;
Nappinnai! Thy hair perfume fragrant, door thou open!
Cock come around, have crowed with rigour
Though art asleep, ball agrip, as we sing thy groom;
Come along, throw open delighted
To clang thy bangles bright
In pinkly lotus hand a sight
Listen and consider our damsel – verse 18

Meaning : Andal and her friends request Nappinnai, Krishna’s wife, to open the door. She praises Krishna with a mighty shoulder like an elephant. Beautiful morning time is also described. Nappinnai with her fragrant hair had a ball in her hand which was used for playing with Krishna the previous day.

Source book: Concept’s of Sri Andal’s Tiruppavai by Dr Chenni Padmanabhan

New Research on Origin of Words: Bengal, Bangladesh & Vanga


bengal map


Tamralipt in Bengal is an ancient port.

Please click here for the article:
New Research


Pictures of Goddess Meenakshi, Kamakshi and Andal


“ I suppose he (the crow) has no enemies among men. The whites and Mohammedans never seemed to molest him; and the Hindoos, because of their religion, never take the life of any creature, but spare even the snakes and tigers and fleas and rats”

–Mark Twain writing on Indian Crows

Hindus are great lovers of animals. They show kindness and respect to birds and animals. Hundreds, maybe thousands, of towns are named after birds and animals in the whole of India. From ant, snake to elephant, every animal is honoured. Each town has a long story about them, mostly connected to Gods. Birds and Gods are close. We have several Hindu gods carrying a bird in their hands. Why? What is the significance?

Meenakshi, Goddess of Madurai, carries a parrot on her right shoulder, so do Andal of Srivilliputur near Madurai  and Kamakshi of Kanheepuram (Tamil Nadu,India). Lord Muruga/Skanda  has  a cock in his hand or flag with cock.

Meenakshi Navaratna Mala, a Sanskrit hymn praises her in the very first verse as the carrier of a parrot. Such is the importance of parrot in her life:

“Meenakshim ,Madhureswareem, Sukhatharam Sri Pandya Baalaam Bhaje” =Salutations to Goddess Meenakshi, goddess of Madurai, who has a parrot in her hand, who is the daughter of Pandya king.

Madurai Meenakshi has got a parrot made of pearls. ( Please read about her amazing jewellery collection in my THE WONDER THAT IS MADURAI MEENAKSHI TEMPLE ).

Picture of Parrot made with leaves in Srivilliputtur, Tamil Nadu


When we were children we used to go to Meenakshi temple very often. There was a big cage near the sanctum sanctorum of goddess Meenakshi where 20 to 30 parrots were kept. If we call Rama  they will repeat RAMA. If we call  Meenakshi, they will echo MEENAKSHI. I have already explained in three or four posts the relationship of Brahmins and parrots. The parrots simply repeated the VEDAS, says the Indian literature.

Now we know the reason. All good things we say are repeated. Hindu devotees believed that our requests and prayers are also repeated to Goddess even after we leave the temple. Birds’ link to omens has been already explained in my post “Can Birds Predict Your Future?” Tamils, Etruscans and other Hindus strongly believed in such omens.

In Srivilliputtur, a parrot is made every day with leaves and kept In the left hand of goddess Andal. At the end of the day, It is given to devotees who believed it would bring good luck to them.

‘ Kili viDu Thuthu’  is a genre in Tamil. The meaning is sending parrot as a messenger to a loveror beloved. Andal is said to have sent the parrot to Lord Vishnu to give the message of her love. More over wherever parrot is there it is velieved Sukhabrahmam is repeating the mythologies.

In the story of Skanda/Kartikeya the cock was a subdued demon. It symbolises that our demonic thoughts would be subdued ‘in the hands of God. Hindu goddess Lakshmi and Sarawati have owl and swan as their respective vehicles (vahanas). Crow is the vahana of planet Saturn and Garuda/eagle of God Vishnu (Please read my articles on Vahans for more details).


Picture of Greek Goddess Artemis with birds and Hindu Swastika symbol, 700 BC

Parrot Upanishad= Taitriya Upanishad.

Upanishads are the highest philosophical treatise in Hinduism. One of the 18 main Upanishads is Taitriya Upanishad. Thiththi and Thaththai are words for parrot in Sanskrit and Tamil. The story of Taitriya Upanishad is interesting. Yagnavalkya’s teacher was offended and asked him to return the Veda. He “vomited it and the parrots ate it”. Even a child can understand the symbolic story. When Yagnavalkya’s Guru asked him not to repeat it, he gave it to his disciples (What he threw out was taken/eaten by others).

Once again this story proves the significance of parrots in Vedas and Gods hands/shoulders. The message is, repetition of good things, is essential. Taitriya Upanishad is a beautiful Upanishad with instructions for students, saints as well as laymen. Be a parrot and repeat God’s names or good principles!

Picture of Greek Goddess Athena with an owl

Vyasa’s Son ‘Parrot Saint’ = Sukha Brahmam

Vyasa’s son Sukha Brahmam was the one who recited all the Puranas (Hindu Mythologies). Hindu mythologies are voluminous running to millions of lines. This monumental work was done by Sukha (literally parrot). Needless to explain the symbolism behind it. Sukha’s dad Vyasa did another great task of compiling and dividing Vedas into four sections and entrusting them to four of his disciples. Nowhere in the world we see such immense task carried out by any human being. Till this day no one on earth has beaten Vyasa or his parrot son in compiling lost works. Humanly impossible task was done by both. When we talk about Vyasa and Sukha we can use only superlatives!

Sumerian and Greece

Gods in Sumerian culture also carried birds. Greek Goddess Athena carried an owl in her hand. Owl is considered a bird of wisdom. The Greek word for owl is Glaukos. It is derived from Sanskrit word Uluka=owl. In India also owl was considerd wise and Uluka, Kausika were used by Rishis. In Sumerian culturecertain gods and goddesses carried birds. There are lots of other stories about owls as well.

Contact London Swaminathan :

Picture of Hindu Saint Ganapathi Sachidananda with a live parrot


Earlier related posts:

1. Animal Einsteins (Part 1 and Part 2) 2. Can parrots recite Vedas? 3. Why do animals worship Gods? 4. Mysterious Messengers for Ajanta, Angkor Wat and Sringeri 5. Elephant Miracles 6). 45 Words for Elephant 7. Can Birds Predict your Future? 8. Two Little Animals That Inspired Indians 9. Three Wise Monkeys from India 10. Mysterious Tamil Bird Man 11.Vedic Dog and Church Dog 11. Deer Chariot:  Rig Veda to Santa Claus 12. Mysterious Fish Gods around the World 13.  Serpent  (Snake) Queen: Indus Valley to Sabarimalai 14.Who Rides What Vahanas (Animal or Bird)? 15. Vahanas in Kalidasa and Tamil Literature 16. Vahanas on coins and in sculptures

Pictures of Greek and Sumerian Gods

Amazing Andal: Where did she see the Lion?

Andal  is one of the famous women poets of Tamil Nadu. She lived around 8th century. Though she is known as a devotional poet, her knowledge in several subjects is amazing. She has sung about various subjects from Astronomy to Zoology. In her A to Z dealings, I am going to touch A for Astronomy and Z for Zoo in this article. Ancient Tamil women were well educated. We have scores of female poets (poetesses) in Sangam Tamil literature. We had more than one Avvaiyar in Tamil literature. Among the devotional poetesses Karaikal Ammaiyar of fifth century and Andal of 8th century AD are more popular.

Andals’s 30 verses known as Tiruppavai and  another 143 verses known as Nachiyar Tirumozi are household names in Tamil Vaishnavite families. Her wedding song Varanam Ayiram (part of Nachiyar Tirumozi) is sung in all the Vaishnavite Brahmin weddings. She is the only one female in the twelve famous Vaishnavite Saints known as Alvars.

Two of the 30 Tiruppavai verses are known for her knowledge in Animal Behaviour and Astronomy. One may wonder whether she encountered a lion in a forest or a zoo when one reads her description of a lion. Unless she had keen observation power or a personal visit to a zoo in Madurai near her native place Srivilliputur she would not have described the lion in the following manner:

“ As a fierce lion, which throughout the rains

Within his mountain lair has lain asleep

And awakes, and flashes fire from the eye

And angrily with bristling mane he moves

All of his body, and shakes himself and stands

Upright and roars, and lordly issues forth:

So who flowerlike art, come graciously

Forth from thy shrine; in grace upon by throne

Of cunning craftsmanship, search out the cause

That brings us here. Ah, Elorembavoy  (23)

(From Hymns of the Alwars by J S M Hooper)

Andal and Astronomy

Andal must be an amateur astronomer. Though she was a teenage girl she knew ornithology, zoology, astronomy etc. She mentioned a particular bird called Anaichathan (Asian Drongo Cuckoo or Valiyan Kuruvi) . Her keen observation of Venus rising and Jupiter setting in the early morning sky 1200 years ago helped us to confirm her period. We know approximately her period because of her father Periyalvar and the Pandya king of his times. Andal’s precise date was determined by her astronomical reference in the following verse:

Singing the glory of him

Who split the bird’s bill and killed

And Him who plucked the wicked demon as a weed

Girlies all reached the site of deity

Venus ascended and Jupiter had slept sunk;

Birds too clanged behold, belle gild:

The eye is a la flower or deer flirting?

Yet asleep in bed

Enjoin to dip and shiver in bath of cold;

Shed off thy stealth untold

This day is auspicious, consider our damsel.


In the very first verse of Tirupavai, she says that it was Full moon day in the month of Markazi.( Markazi thingal mathi niraintha nannaalal in Tamil) and then she says Venus ascended and Jupiter went down. This happened on 18th December 731 AD according to scholars Raghava Iyengar and KG Shankar. Thanks to Andal we were able to pinpoint the date.

I am giving both the verses in Tamil for the benefit of Tamil readers:


Animal behaviour:

மாரிமலை முழைஞ்சில் மன்னிக்கிடந்து உறங்கும்

சீரிய சிங்கம் அறிவுற்றுத் தீவிழித்து

வேரி மயிர்ப்பொங்க எப்பாடும் பேர்ந்து உதறி

மூரி நிமிர்ந்து முழங்கிப் புறப்பட்டுப்

போதருமா போலே நீ பூவைப் பூவண்ணா உன்

கோயில் நின்று இங்ஙனே போந்தருளி, கோப்புடைய

சீரிய சிங்காசனத்திருந்து, யாம் வந்த

காரியம் ஆராய்ந்து அருள் ஏல் ஓர் எம்பாவாய் (திருப்பாவை 23)



புள்ளின்வாய் கீண்டானைப் பொல்லா அரக்கனைக்

கிள்ளிக் களைந்தானைக் கீர்ந்திமை பாடிப்போய்

பிள்ளைகள் எல்லாரும் பாவைக் களம் புக்கார்

வெள்ளி எழுந்து வியாழம் உறங்கிற்று

புள்ளும் சிலம்பின காண்! போது அரிக்கண்ணினாய்

குள்ளக் குளிரக் குடைந்து நீராடாதே

பள்ளிக் கிடத்தியோ பாவாய்! நீ நன்னாளால்

கள்ளம் தவிர்ந்து கலந்து ஏல் ஓர் எம்பாவாய் (திருப்பாவை 13)