Index to Vedas by Katyayana and Significance of No.432,000! (Post No.4313)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:18 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 20-46



Post No. 4313

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Hindu civilisation has reached its pinnacles during Vedic period itself.

They wrote the first grammar book and they taught grammar in the Vedic school. And even before Panini of seventh century BCE , they had  umpteen grammarians. We were fortunate enough to get the Book of Panini (Seventh Century BCE), but others were lost.


We wrote the first Nikandu /Thesaurus and we added the Contents and Index to the Vedas, Even the law book written by Manu, was earlier than Hammurabi who lived in 2600 BCE. The latest version of Manu Smrti, we have today is from second century BCE. Since the name of Manu occurs several times in the RV. Manu refers to Sarasvati river, we know he lived at the time of Sarasvati’s mighty flow. Now due to the satellite picture from NASA and Carbon-14 dating of the underground water by the Bhaba Atomic Research Institute, the date of Sarasvati’s disappearance is fixed 2000 BCE or earlier. So Manu who wrote the original book must have lived well before that. He never mentioned Sati, like the RV. During Vedic period, there was no Sati/widow burning. So the original Manu Smrti belongs to Rig Vedic period. This is confirmed by his definition of Brahmavarta and Aryavarta (Manu Chapter 2). He mentioned the rivers Drsadvati and Sarasvati. Aryas included all the four Varnas/castes according to Rig Veda (10-90).


All the anti Shudra verses in the Manusmrti are added to it during the Sunga period. Sunga Kings were Brahmins. Anyone who reads Manu from top to bottom could easily find the interpolated portions. They go against the natural flow of Manusmrti. They are not only controversial but also contradictory.

Beautiful Vedic Index

Katyayana who lived before 600 BCE counted all the hymns, mantras, syllables in the Rik Veda and prepared the Anukramani/ Index. He did a painstaking research and counted everything in the Vedas, leaving no scope for interpolation or corruption.


Sarvanukramani (Rig Vedic Index) of Katyayana gives the first word of each hymn, the number of the verses, the name and the family of the poets, the names of the deities and the metres of the verses. Saunaka did another anukramani based on the Anuvakas.

Yajur Veda has three anukramanis .

And we have anukramanis for Sama and Atharva Veda as well, one each.

It is strange that someone had such a scientific approach 2600 years ago, when most of Europe was semi civilised or barbaric. If some society has reached the heights of philosophical thought around 850 BCE (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad), no wonder they have mastered numbers grammar, linguistics and language.

Significance of 432,000

The number of syllables in the Rig Veda is 432,000.

This number has a great significance in Hinduism

The total number of years in Kali Yuga is 432,000 years. Other Yugas have the multiple of this number.

Half baked and biased foreigners argued that Yuga cycles and the big numbers are added to Hindu scriptures later. Now this number 432,000 and the very big numbers in the Brahmanas prove them wrong

Katyayana’s count of Verses in the RV is 10,662 (minus the appendix- 10,402)

The words in the RV – 1,53,826

We have lost lot of our Vedic literature. Even during Vyasa’s time (3100 BCE+), Vedas had become very bulky and unmanageable. So he divided it into four (Rik, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana) and gave the responsibility of teaching it to the future generations by the word of mouth. It is great wonder that tradition has been maintained until today. Brahmins deserve great admiration for doing this wonderful task.

Even with all the google, internet and computers in our hands,we find it difficult to analyse all the 20,000 plus mantras in the four Vedas, leave alone the very huge Brahmana literature.

Let us salute the great Vedic Seers and the Brahmins





Asuras and Rakshasas: Foreigners’ Interpretation!! (Post no.4309)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:17 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 10-36 am



Post No. 4309

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Foreigners who came to rule India and destroy Hinduism spread a big lie that Asuras and Rakshasas were aborigines and they opposed the invaders because they tried to encroach their lands. But any Hindu can see this is nonsense from the following facts:


1.The Brahmana literature and the epic literature clearly say that the ASURAS and DEVAS were all born to the same parents.

2.The ‘Da Da Da’ Upanishad story clearly show that they went to the same gods to get advice.

Da……………Da……………Da Story – Tamil and Vedas

19 Feb 2014 – Da….Da: The Thunder Said”- is the most popular story in the Upanishads. Most of you know it already. In our own times, Kanchi Paramacharya …


3.Ravana and other Rakshas were great Siva devotees/Bhaktas. They got boons from Brahma or Siva.

  1. Krishna’s son Pradyumna married a Rakshasa girl; Arjuna married a Rakshasa girl; Bhima married Hidimba, a Rakshasa woman.


  1. From Pasmasura to xyz everyone prayed, and did the penance in the same way.
  2. Even in the churning of the ocean anecdote they were also called to churn the ocean
  3. In the Rig Veda gods Agni, Varuna and Indra were called Asuras. Then it meant Supreme spirit and person of great strength. Later they denoted exactly opposite meaning.

But why did the Devas fight against the Asuras? Because they were immoral, lawless criminals. Like we have filled all our jails with criminals, Devas punished all the criminals. Dasyus were described as Dravidians by cunning, divisive foreigners, but second century BCE poet Kalidasa used it for thieves.

Dasyus, Asuras and Rakshas were born to same parents, but they did not care for the law or rule of the land. Like we have murderers, rapists robbers, thieves, money launderers, cheats, frauds in our society, Vedic society had Asuras, Rakshasas and Dasyus. They raided the civilised community in the night time and killed the people, carried their women and cattle. They obstructed the Yagas and Yajnas. Throughout Hindu literature they were described as cannibals. They ate human beings like the non vegetarians eat chicken and mutton. This is a big difference between the Devas and Rakshasas. All these things are crystal clear in Mahabharata, Ramayana and Brahmana literature.


Foreigners knew that majority of the Hindus don’t read the Hindu scriptures and so they easily misled the laymen. Hindu scriptures are huge in volume, incomparable with any religious literature in the world. And the wonder of the wonders, all the Brahmanas and Vedic samhitas were written before the old testament of the Bible, Tamil literature, Greek literature and latin literature.


Since Muslims ruled India for 700 years and Christians ruled for 300 years, intellectuals kept quiet or their voice was not heard by many. Foreign “scholars” were paid coolies and they had to support the government or their pay masters. There is a proof for this. No where in the world so many people were studying another religion just to criticize it. If there are equal number of scholars studying and critically analysing another holy book then we may consider them ‘scholars’.


Now we shall look at the actual proof from our literature which no foreigner told us:-

Rakshas were called night walkers; no honest person  or a warrior will attack anyone in the night. Only cowards or criminals do it.

They were described as taking different forms or shapes during the attacks. That means they wore masks or came in different disguises. No honest person would do it.

Born from Prajapati!


According to Taittiriya Brahmana, the breath (asu) of Prajapati became alive and with that breath he created the Asuras. Satapata Brahmana also says that Asuras were created from the lower breath of Prajapati.

In another part of the same book, it is said that Prajapati became pregnant and he created the Asuras from his abdomen.

Taittiria Aranyaka says that Prajapati created Gods, Men, Fathers, Gandharvas and Apsarasses from water and that the Asuras, Rakshasas, Pisachas sprang from the drops which were split.

Manu says they were created by Prajapati.

Puranas says that Asuras were created from the groin of Brahmaa/Prajapati.

The word Asura has been used for long as a general name of the ‘enemies of the gods’, including the Daityas and Danavas and other descendants of Kasyapa, but not including the Rakshasas, who descended from Pulastya. Both of them were Brahmins and Vedic seers!

Asura has another explanation; ‘a’ is taken as the negative prefix, and a+sura signifies ‘not a god’; sura means god.

Another meaning for Asura is those who are not fond of Sura (liquor). There are over 40 theories about their origin and meaning.


Goblins or evil spirits are called Rakshas. There are categories in it: Yakshas, not so bad, and Danavas/Rakshas and Pisachas, who occupy crematoriums and cemeteries. Chief of the Rakshas was Ravana, who descended from Pulastya Maharishi.

There are more explanations:

Vishnu Purana says that they were descendants of Kashyapa Maharishi and Khasa, daughter of Daksha, through their son Rakshas.


Ramayana says they were created by Brahma, who were appointed as the guardians of water .Raksha means ‘protect’ in Sanskrit. According to Ramayana they were in different forms and shapes, most of them very crude.


Rakshasas had many epithets

Hanushas= killers or hurters

Ishti pachas= stealers of offerings

Sandhya balas= strong in twilight

Naktan charas, nicicharas= night walkers

Kiilaalapas, rakta pas= blood drinkers

Dandasukas = biters

Malina- mukhas = black faced

Karburaas=  users of rude words





Written by London Swaminathan


Date:15 October 2017


Time uploaded in London-16-26



Post No. 4304

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Adi Shankara, one of the great philosophers, says that gods (Devas) left the earth after becoming fed up with the demands of the human beings. They lost their character and made too many demands and so the Devas vacated the earth, says Shankara.


In the Taiitiriya Brahmana we read that “ the gods obtained their divine rank by austerity” (12-3-1)

In the Satapata Brahmana (3-2-6-26) we read that Gods left human beings on earth and went away:

“Both gods and men and fathers drink together. This is their symposium. Formerly they drank together visibly; now they do so unseen”.

Gods and men, together, were both originally components of this world. Whatever men had not, they asked from the gods, saying,

We have not This; let us have it. From the dislike of this solicitation, the gods disappeared saying, each of them,

‘Let me not hurt them, let me not be hateful’- Satapata Br.2-3-4-4



“ The gods know the intentions of a man. They are aware that he contemplates the performance of this rite, and will make his offering in the morning; and consequently, they all come to his house and abide there. The gods know the mind of man”.

–Satapata Br. 2-1-1-7


“The gods are secreted from men and secret also is what is enclosed on every side; this is why they enclose it on every side. Not every one may enter it, but only a Brahmin, a Kshatria or a Vaisya, for these are able to sacrifice. Let him not commune with everyone; for he who is consecrated draws nigh to the gods, and becomes one of the deities. Now the gods do not commune with everyone, but only with a Brahmin, a Rajanya (kshatria) or a Vaisya (businessman), for these are able to sacrifice. An intermediary is necessary to talk with a Sudra—Sata. Br. 3-1-1-8/10


“He who sacrifices, doubtless sacrifices with a desire that he also may also obtain a place in the world of the gods. That sacrifice of his then goes forth towards the world of the gods”- 1-9-3-12


Half baked, jaundice eyed, biased and stupid foreigners tried to find fault with every Vedic mantra. Those idiots were so cunning that they wanted to create confusion and doubts in the minds of Hindus and destroy Hinduism. Every religious scripture has lot of controversial, absurd and idiotic sayings ( if you look at it with coloured glasses and biased mind) and these white skinned scholars and their  friends– Marxist stooges– never touched any religious book in the world except Hindu scriptures; they never criticised anything in those books; this shows their motives. This shows their true colours. They were paid coolies!


One must be careful when one reads the English translations of the Vedas or Brahmanas by those biased minds. Some key words are translated according to their whims and fancies. If you read the 41 interpretations of ASURA by 41 idiots you will understand how stupid they were. If you read the book Minor Vedic Deities by Joshi, you will know how they differ in their interpretation; he beautifully summarises in the very first paragraph who said what. It is like the 53  different interpretations of Indus Valley script!!!!


Above all these things Vedic seers say they love mystic language. If you take the literal meaning you will laugh at them. And they will have the last laugh!

“The gods love the mystic” is a phrase that occurs in several places in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world and most of the Brahmanas.


Here is one example:

Bhaga, Pushan are minor Vedic deities.

Pushan lost his teeth; Bhaga lost his eyes!


“They took it round to Bhaga, who sat on the south side. Bhaga (Savitri) looked at it. It burnt out his eyes. And thus it came to pass. Hence they say Bhaga is blind. They said—- take it to Pushan! They accordingly took it round to Pushan. Pushan tasted it. It knocked out his teeth. And thus it came to pass. Hence they say Pushan is toothless – Satapata Brahmana 1-7-4-6/7


Gods have cars; Asuras don’t have!

“The gods drove about on wheels (cars, carts)and the Asuras stayed at home”


“At first the gods were all alike, all good. Of them being all alike, all good, three desired,

May we be superior! Agni, Indra and Surya.

They went on praising and toiling… they became superior, even as they are now superior – Sata. Br. 5-4-1-2

Probably the Vedic seers tell us that whoever works hard, whoever pursues something will achieve it.

Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration—they say!




Interesting Anecdote about Shaalagraama (Fossil) Marriage (Post No.4292)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:11 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-26



Post No. 4292

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Interesting Anecdote about Shaalagraama (Fossil) Marriage (Post No.4292)

What is a Shalagrama?

Hindus worship fossils with several designs made by the impressions of dead animals. Such stones are millions of years or thousands of years old. Devotees of Lord Vishnu regard them as a most sacred objects. They see the symbols of Lord Vishnu (Chakra=wheel, Shank= Conch) in it. Normally other stone images of Gods must be consecrated in a special ceremony by a priest before they can be used; but with Shalagrama (Fossil stone) you can worship straight away. This stone is inherently sacred and is worshipped as a part of deity himself. It is a round black ammonite and is found in River Gandaki in Nepal. They are valued according to their size, hollowness, and inside colouring and impression. For rarer kind big amount of money is given.


Hindus believe that whoever keeps this celebrated stone in the house can never become poor; they never want to part with it. It is passed from one generation to another generation for Puja/worship.

Bhagavata Purana has a story about Shalagrama:

Vishnu created nine planets (celestial objects) to preside over the fates of men. Sani/Saturn commenced his reign by requesting Brahma to become subject to him for 12 years. Brahma referred him to Vishnu, who asked him to call on him next day. When he called, he found that the god, dreading the influence of the inauspicious planet, had transformed himself into a mountain. Sani them became a worm, and ate into the vitals of the mountain for twelve years. At the expiration of that time Vishnu resumed his proper shape, and ordered henceforth the stones of this mountain Gandaki should be worshipped as the representatives of himself.


Hindus worship this form of Vishnu in homes. They first bathe or wash the stone, reciting the mantras and then offer flowers, incense, light sweetmeats and water, repeating the mantras. After the worship the offerings ae eaten by the family.


In the hot months, to cool the sacred stone,  a vessel is suspended over it, as in the case of the Linga/ Shiva, and a small hole is bored into the bottom of the vessel. The water poured into the vessel drips over the Shalagrama stone/s. The water is collected and used as holy water. The marks of the stone are shown to dying men, in the belief that the concentration of the mind on this object will ensure the soul a safe passage to Vaikund, Vishnu’s abode.

A separate room or a particular spot in the Hindu houses is kept for the worship of the gods.


Shalagrama – Tulsi Plant Wedding


There is a very interesting account of a marriage of Shalagrama with Tulsi (Holy Basil) plant in a 100 year old book:


“The king of Orrcha in Central India, used to spend three lakhs of rupees (100 years ago) on this marriage. The officiating priests get good fees. A procession of 8 elephants, 1200 camels and 6000 horses, all mounted and elephants caparisoned. On the leading elephant of this cortege was carried the Pebble God (shalagrama/ fossil). He was carried to pay his bridal visit to the little shrub goddess/Tulsi.


All the ceremonies of a regular marriage were gone through, and when completed the bride and bridegroom were left to repose together in the temple of Ludhaura till the next year. Over one lakh people were present, and they were feasted at the king’s expenses”.


In addition to the black ammonites (shalagrama), white agates, typifying Shiva in his linga form and red stones, as symbolising Ganesa with certain forms of coral, are also worshipped.


Shashthi, protectress of married women and of children has no temples or idols, but her proper representation is  a rough stone, smeared with red paint and set up at the foot of a banyan tree. Lord Shiva is worshipped by the well known Linga (formless) stone.

Source: The Gods of India by Rev Osborne Martin, 1914




Written by London Swaminathan


Date:10 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-58



Post No. 4289

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.




During Deepavali, every year Hindus are faced with a question whether to buy sparklers and crackers or not. Do I do anything wrong by using fire crackers?

My view is………………

Hindu youths must buy fire-crackers and fire them happily.

Otherwise arson attacks will increase!

During bandhs and riots, more houses, buildings and buses will be burnt. Why?

Human beings are pyromaniacs according to science journals.

From the days we lived in caves millions of years ago, we started big fires for cooking and to drive away the wild animal ; in cold places we did it for keeping us warm.

This is in our genes. If we don’t allow to use this genetic trait, our youths will use it during riost and bandhs.

In Hindiusim, everything is scientifically thought and placed in the scriptures. Thy have made cushions and shock absorbers to solve all sorts of problems to reduce tension, depression , riotous behaviour and suicides.


Even western countries allow fire works and bonfires during Guy fawkes day and other events.







Leather industry and factories pollute the air more than anything.


Some people argue fireworks create noise pollution.

Loud speakers at political meetings and mosques don’t allow us to have an undisturbed sleep. The bombs that explode in 55 countries on any one day, the billions of cigarettes smoked at any one day cause more deaths. No US President could stop the arms sale even inside US after weekly shooting on innocent people. Mac Donalds in USA sell fire arms! Why shouldn’t we sell fire works for one week?


In short the arms and weapons, the cigars and cigarettes, one dollar or one pound shops run by Chinese or with Chinese goods, the fireworks done during Olympics, New Year Day, Independence day, Special celebrations, the leather industry, the nuclear tests by the Western countries, the jet planes manufactured by the Western countries, the thousands of cargo / container ships and Oil Tankers cause terrible pollution.


When we consider such big every day, every minute pollution, one day Diwali fire crackers won’t harm the world. Having said that

A word of caution…………..

In those days Hindus lived in big towns wide apart; nowadays we live in big multi story buildings accommodating 500 families or so in one building!

Nearby there are hospitals and offices.

Old and sick people live very near the buildings in care homes and hospitals.

Birds and animals live in the near by woody areas.

Just born children may also be in many flats. Pregnant ladies may be there.

Since we live in densely populated areas,  doing fire works may disturb many people.


So Hindus must show self-restraint.


Fix the time for fire works between 5 am and 11 am on Diwali  day and Diwali Eve.

Let us do fireworks without hurting the feelings of others or harming them.


Tamil Temples paintings show that the fire- works have been in use for many centuries.

China is making big money by selling Fireworks to all the countries in the world. Let us also think how we can give more jobs suing Diwali. We know that textile industry, restaurants, sweet shops and transport make big money. Workers get Diwali bonus ad inams. Let us think positive.


I have already written two articles about the significance of Diwali. Please read those articles as well.




SCIENCE BEHIND DEEPAVALI- Part 1 | Tamil and Vedas

3 Nov 2012 – Science behind Deepavali (swaminathan’s Talk delivered today 03/11/2012) Actual Diwali falls on 13-11-2012 Good Evening,Namsthe …


SCIENCE BEHIND DIWALI-2 : 175 SWEET ITEMS!! | Tamil and Vedas…/science-behind-diwali-2-175-sweet-ite…

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3 Nov 2012 – SCIENCE BEHIND DIWALI-2 : 175 SWEET ITEMS!! Picture from Wikipedia : Making Fire Crackers. This is Second Part of my speech: swami.



Tiger and Bear Story told by Sita in Ramayana (Post No.4277)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 6 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 21-49


Post No. 4277

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Sita, Rama’s wife, was full of mercy. When the Rakshasis (demonesses) were tormenting Sita, she was very much distressed. Sita thought of killing herself. At that time, Trijata, only demoness who was supporting Sita, told her a dream with a positive message. She interpreted the dream all too favourably and said,

“Everything is going to turn out well for Sita. Lanka is going to be destroyed. Ravana is going to perish.  You Rakshasis, are going to suffer. So I advise you, Rakshasis, to fall down at the feet of Sita now itself and ask for pardon, so that she may save you”.


The words of Trijata consoled her. and she had begun to feel that all would end well. So, she tells the Rakshais, “Without your begging me, before you ever fall at my feet, I will give you the pardon. If ever what Trijata says happens, then be sure I will protect you all”. The occasion came when she was to protect them.


After Ravana’s death Hanuman said to Sita, “ Give me orders now. I will torment your tormentors. I will bite them. I will tear them with my nails; I will crush them with me feet”.


But Sita humbled and taught a lesson to Hanuman. She told him a story:-

“Let us remember women were not their own mistresses but were acting under the orders of a dreaded monarch. It is not just to be angry with them. They are not the cause of my mystery. I have no doubt brought it on myself by former misdeeds. The law of karma is inexorable. I pardon these slaves of Ravana. Now that Ravana is dead they won’t torment me hereafter. Let me remind you of a great moral taught of old by a bear.


Once upon a time a hunter pursued by a tiger, got up a big tree, which was already tenanted by a bear.

The tiger, halted in his course at the foot, looked up at and advised the bear to throw down the hunter, for he was not their common enemy? The bear refused, saying that a guest must be protected by all means, and he would not break the law of hospitality. With this higher thought the bear closed his eyes, sleeping the sleep of the just.


The tiger then turned to the fugitive, and asked him to hurl down the sleeping bear. This man did. The bear, however used to such mishaps, caught another branch and saved himself.  The tiger saw a fresh opening for his talent of persuasion.

‘Look at this human, says he to the bear, is not a miserable ingrate? Down with him’.  Quietly and in the accents of benignity, the bear enunciated the eternal code:

‘A righteous man ought not to be turned from the right by the sin of a sinner. The rule of honour is inviolable. Good men have only one jewel, their unblemished contact, and they must guard it. Come what may. Be they good men or bad, be they deserving of death, still must they be pardoned and treated with mercy by one claiming to be a cultured person. For no one is above error. So then let us give up the idea of retaliation or retribution and abstain from injury even to miscreants and persecutors of mankind’.

–Ramayana 6-116. 37/45

179 Victims in Hindu Human Sacrifice- Last Part (Post No.4268)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 3 October 2017


Time uploaded in London-21-57


Post No. 4268

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Purushamedha Yajna-Human Sacrifice


Following is the third and last part of 179 victims as given in the  Taittiriya Brahmana; first two parts and the introduction about Sunashepa episode are given in the past three days. Please read from ‘Sunashepa Episode: Golden carpet and Silver Chariot to Brahmins’—article.





91.To the mentally wrathful, a blacksmith, or one who works at a forge


93, to him who presides over griefs,  a groom who runs before a chariot


94.To the two who preside over gains above or below, one’s expectation (Utkula and Vikula), a cripple who cannot move even with the help of a crutch


95, him who presides over expected profits, one who harnesses a horse to chariot


96, to him who protects gains, one who unharnesses a horse i


97, to the portly.bodied, the son of one who is addicted to her toilet;


98, to him who presides over politeness, one who puts collyrium on his eyes


99, to the divinity of sin, a maker of leather sheaths for swords;


100, to Yama (the destroyer of life), a barren woman.


101, To Yami, a mother of twins

102., to the goddesses woo preside over, the mantras of the Atharva Veda, a woman who had aborted;


  1. to the divinity of the first year of Jupiter’s cycle, woman who is confined long after due time


104.To that of the second year ditto, one who has not conceiveds for the second time;


105, the third year of ditto, one who is able to bring on delivery before due time;


106, to that of the fourth year ditto, one who can delay delivery

  1. to that of the fifth year ditto, one who becomes lean without delivery


108, to one who produces a misleading impression of the world, a woman who appears old in youth

  1. to the divinity of forests, a forest ranger or keeper


110.To the divinity of a side forest, one who protects forests from fire.


  1. To the divinities of the lakes, a fisherman who catches fish both in water and also from the bank

112.To those of ponds, one who catches fishes with hooks. those of bays, one who earns his livelihood with a net


114, to those female divinities, who presides over waters amidst prairies, one who earns his livelihood with fishing hooks


  1. To the divinity of the further bank, a Kaivarta, or one who hunts fish from the banks that of the near bank, a Mérgira (or one who catches fish with his hands only)


117, to the divinities of fords, one who catches fish with by putting up stakes in waters


  1. To those who preside over other than fords, one who earns his livelihood by catching fish with nets


  1. to those who preside over sounding waters, one who catches fish by poisoning them with poisoned leavesplaced in the water.


  1. To those of caverns in mountains, a Kirata (hunter)


121, To those of peaks of mountains, a Yambhaka;

122, to those mountains, a Kimpurusha.


  1. To the divinity of echoes, a news-dealer


124.To that of sounds, an incoherent speaker


125, to that of fading sounds, one who speaks much;


126.To that of unending sound, a dumb person


127, to that of loud sound, a player on the Veena


  1. To that of musical sound, a player on the flute



129, to that of all kinds of sounds, a trumpeter than a blower of conch shells


131, to those of who preside over the of seasons, one whose profession is to collect fragments of skins


132.To those of statesmanship (or of time, place and opportunities, for peace negotiations, a preparer of musical instruments with leather.

  1. To the goddess presiding over abhorrence, a (man of the) Paulkasa (caste)


134, to the goddess of affluence, one who is always careful or wakeful,


135, to that of indigence, a careless or sleepy person


  1. To that of scales (or weighing instruments), a purchaser


137.To the god presiding over the radiance of jewels, a goldsmith


  1. to the Visvedevus, a leper


139.To the  divinity of diseases other than leprosy, a naturally lean person


140.To the goddess of motion, a scadal monger


141, to that of prosperity one who is not impudent


142, to the god of decay, one who splits wood

143, To the divinity of mirth, a loose woman


144.To that of song, a player on the Vina or a songster

should be sacrificed


145.To that of aquatic animals a Sabbulya (one whose body is brindled, or has two colours, a piebald woman


  1. To that of congratulatory words, a woman of perfect form


147.To that of dancing, one who plays on flutes, one who leads the octave in a chorus and one who beats time with his hands.


148.To that of manifest delight, one who invites people to a dance, or one who makes a  sound to indicate the cessation of a dance. that of internal delight, on plays on the talava (a musical instrument, probably the archetype of the modern table) or one who produces music from his mouth.


  1. To the divinity of gambling with dice, a proficient gambler

  1. To that of the Krita age, a keeper of a gambling hall

152, to that of the Treta age,  a marker or reckoner at a gambling table


  1. To that of the Dwapara age, one who is a spectator at a gambling table


  1. To that of the Kali age, one who does not leave a gambling hall even after the play has stopped,


155.To that of difficult enterprises, a teacher of gymnastics on the tip of a bamboo:


156, to that of roads, a brahmachari (bachelor)


157.To the Pisachas,  one who commits robberies on public highways and then hides in mountain:


158, to the goddess of thirst, one who skins cattle:


159, To that of sin, a cattle poisoner


160, To that of hunger, a cow butcher


161, To the goddess of hunger and thirst, one who lives by begging beef from a butcher


162, To the divinity of land, a cripple who moves about on a crutch


163.To that of fire, a chandala


164 to that of the sky, one whose profession is to dance on the top of a bamboo


  1. To that of the celestial region, a bald person

  1. to the presiding divinity of the sun, a green-eyed person

167, To the divinity of the moon, one who twinkles his eyes too frequently.


168.To the presiding divinity of the stars, one affected with white leprous blotches


169, to that of day, an albino with tawny eyes


170, To that of night, a black person with tawny eyes.


171.To the goddess of speech, a fat person


172, to Vayu, the five vital airs- Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana, samana of that person

173.To Surya should be immolated his eyes


174, to Grandrma, his mind


175.To the regents of the quarters his ears;


176 his life, to Prajipati.

  1. Now to ugly divinities should be immolated very short very tall, very lean, very fat, very white, very dark, very smooth, very hairy, few toothed, numerously toothed, frequently -twinkling-eyed, and very glaring eyed persons.


178, to the goddess for unattainable (and) objects of hope a woman who has passed the age of conception


179.And to the goddess of hope for unattainable (and) objects, a virgin. -Taittiriya-Brahmana


On the above Apastamba remarks “The is a penta- diurnal; a Brahman or a Kshatriya should celebrate it. He thereby acquires strength and vigour; be enjoys all fruition.

My comments:


The list should not be taken literally; as usual the seers speak in mysterious language. Human sacrifice did not happen at any time in Hindu History whereas the aboriginal tribes had practised them till recently.



The list shows that we are talking about a highly skilled and highly organised, high thinking people. They are not nomads or pastoral. The references to doctor, astronomer, musicians, musical instruments, chariots, speech (Vak) etc show that they were city dwellers.



The words and gods they use to describe certain qualities or virtues, show that they were far superior in thinking to Sumerians, Egyptians, Chinese and Mayans even if we take the period of Brahmanas is around 1000 BCE.


But 50 foreign “scholars” who scrutinised Vedas word by word, sentence by sentence never did it for any other religious book. They did it to justify whatever said in those book but not to oppose it. This shows their true colours and motive.


Those “scholars” (in fact idiots or cunning rascals) never agreed even on a single mantra of the 10,000 Rig Vedic mantras. Leave alone the huge Brahmana literature, which came before the unhistorical Moses, Greek Homer and others. Latin and Tamil did not exist at that time.


Foreigners fooled Indians by placing the Vedas in 1200 BCE and Brahmanas in 1000 BCE. A big difference in or a big jump in knowledge or rituals or approach or thinking process. This is impossible to achieve for “pastoral nomads”. Brahmana literature is encyclopaedic. They talk in decimal numbers and they have big mathematical calculations for erecting Fire Altars. They went to Egypt and helped them in erecting pyramids (For proof, please read my article Did Indians build Egyptian Pyramids?)


In short whatever the foreigners said about Vedas or the Vedic Hindus or their age, shouldn’t be believed.


Hindus should convene scholarly conferences and take mantra by mantra and write down all available Hindu interpretations. Even before Sayana we have several interpretations. More over the lost (huge) Vedic literature must be taken into accounts; the fragments are still available in other literature.


Even for this list I have depended only on foreign translations; one would never know whether they have corrupted the texts or translations to suit their needs!


Please read all the connected articles for my views on the subject. They have been posted in the past one week.


Source book: The Vedas and Brahmanas, J Murdoch,Caxton Publications, Published 100 years ago.







179 ‘Victims’ in Hindu Human Sacrifice – Purushamedham- Part 2 (Post No.4265)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 2 October 2017


Time uploaded in London-16-46


Post No. 4265

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



First part was posted yesterday. Here is the second part


41.To the Gods of rivers, a fisherman

42.To the regents of lonely place, A Naishada

43.To the god who claims to be the noblest of males, an excessively vain man

44.To the gods of Heroes, an insane man

45.To the Gandharvas and their wives, one who has not been duly purified by the initiatory rites, A Vratya


46.To the regents of snakes, and snake charmers, one unfit for the initiatory rites

47.To the guardian gods, a gambler

48.To Iryata, the goddess of food, one who abstains from gambling

49.To the Pichasas, a basket maker

  1. To the Yatudhanas, one who puts up a thorny edge.


51.To those gods who frustrate undertakings, a hunchback

52.To Pramada, divinity of excessive joy, a dwarf

  1. To those goddesses who are guardians of gates, a diseased person.

54.To the presiding divinity of dreams, a blind man

55.To the divinity of sin, a deaf man

56.To the divinity of sense, one who wins her husband’s affection through charms or filters


57.To the divinity of profuse talk, a bore

58.To the goddess who is little conversant with Vedas, a sceptic

59.To her who is conversant with them, one who is proficient in questioning.

60.To her who presides over the purport of the Sastras, one who is able to meet arguments.


  1. To one who prides in killing heroes, a tattler

63.To one who presides on gains, a charioteer

64.To the divinity who protects Royal treasuries, a treasurer or revenue collector

  1. To the mighty, servant

66.To the majestic, an officer or assistant

  1. To the dear one, a sweet speaker

68.To the uninjurious, a cavalier

  1. To the intelligent, or him who is proficient in a knowledge of religious rites, a washer-woman

70.To the most loving, a female dyer

71.To the refulgent, a collector of fuel

72.To the highly refulgent, a fire man or a lighter of fires

73.To him who dwells on the top of heaven, one who officiates at a coronation

74.To the regent of the region of sun, a polisher of metal pots

75.To him who prides himself on being of the Devas, one who causes enmity

76.To him who resides in the region of the mortals, one who foments quarrels among those who are in peace.

77.To whom who belongs to all regions, a peacemaker

  1. To him who presides over death by penance, one who meddles in quarrels

79.To him who prides himself on being of heaven(svarga), one who collects the dues of a king from his subjects

80.To the most aged of heaven, a tableservant.

81.To the wavy mover, an elephant keeper or a mahout

82.To the swift, a groom

83.To the robust, a cowherd

84.To the vigorous, a goatherd

85.To the energetic, a shepherd

  1. To the divinity of food, a ploughman

87.To that of water, a distiller or a vintner

88.To that of welfare, householder

89.To that of prosperity, an owner of wealth

90.To him who is the immediate cause of all things, the servant of a charioteer or an assistant charioteer.


My comments: Another 90 are yet to come. Even the first ninety people are enough to show, the Purushamedham was only symbolic. Even a cursory reading of the list will show that it did not happen anywhere. What they are trying to show is  that the people were all just limbs of one common body.


The list shoos that the Vedic Hindus were highly skilled and talk even about coronation. There was a monarchy to whom people were paying taxes. All these happened around 1000 BCE even according to the jaundice eyed foreign “scholars”!

to be continued………………….




179 ‘VICTIMS’ IN HINDU HUMAN SACRIFICE!- Part 1 (Post No.4262)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 1 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-33 pm


Post No. 4262

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Please read my articles posted in the past few days on the same topic if you need more background information about Purushamedha and Sunaschepa anecdote


Pursuhamedha Yajnam, Human Sacrifice, never happened in Hindu India. Sunschepa episode in Aitareya Brahmana showed that Hindus never tolerated such barbaric acts. There were always revolutionary leaders like he great Viswamitra to revolt against such acts. Even in the Vedic literature King Harichandra only tried it and failed miserably. We have a long list of kings before Harichndra and longer list of kings after him. No such custom or actual incident is reported.

But the most interesting thing is there is a big chapter detailing this fire sacrifice. This shows that all the yajnas were symbolic and they mean actually different things. The seers themselves repeat the phrase, ‘Gods love the mystic or mysterious”. So they show that all the 179 jobs are necessary to run life successfully. The victims list makes very interesting reading. There is eve astronomer. And the first person thrown into the fire was a Brahmin!


This clearly shows that the message is not burning the people, but making them part of the functional society. Without them the society is not complete. Foreigners who wanted to show Hinduism in bad light tried their best to use this sacrifice, but in vain.


Satapata Brahmna (of Yajur Veda) and the Aitareya Brahmana (of the rig Veda) give a detailed description of the rite.


If you read the full list you would yourself know that it is symbolic.

Here is the list of 179 victims and to which god they were ‘’sacrificed’’ from the Taittiriya Brahmna:–


1.To the divinity of Brahman caste a Brahmin should be sacrificed (‘alabhate)

After this only the God and the victim are mentioned without the verb ‘sacrificed’


  1. To the divinity of Kshatriya caste a kshatriya (king or warrior)


3.To the Maruts, a Vaisya (business man)

  1. To the Tapas (presiding deity of penance), a Shudra
  2. To the Tamas (divinity of darkness) a thief
  3. To naraka (hell), a Virahana, one who blows out sacrificial fire.
  4. To Papman (divinity of sin), a hermaphrodite (a eunuch.
  5. To Akrayi ( divinity of commerce), an Ayogu (one who acts against the ordinances of Satras

9.To Kama (divinity of Love, a courtesan).

  1. To Atikrushtha, a Magadha (the son of a Vaisya by a Kshatria woman)

(Mixed marriages were encouraged!!)

  1. To Gita (divinity of Music), a Suta or a musician.

(Vedic society had great number of music lovers and singers. They were a happy group who enjoyed dance and music)

  1. To Nritta (Divinity of Dancing),one who lends his wife to another ( a cuckold)

13.To Dharma (righteous behaviour), one who frequents assemblies and preaches preaches morality.

  1. To Narma, the Divinity of Humour), a wit


15.To Narishta, a coward.

  1. To Hasa ( the divinity of Laughter), a person of ambling gait.


(So it is not a nomadic, pastoral, uncivilised community; Foreigners contradict themselves)


  1. To Ananda (the divinity of delight), a favourite of  women
  2. To Pramada (the divinity of Joy, the son of an unmarried woman


  1. To Medha, (the Goddess of Intelligence), a coach builder
  2. To Dhairya (the divinity of Patience), a carpenter.

21To Srama (divinity of labour), the son of a  potter

22.To Maya (divinity who delights in Art), a blacksmith

23.To Rupa (the divinity of beauty), a jeweller

24.To the divinity of Prosperity, an agriculturist

25.To Saravyi (divinity of arrows), an arrow-maker

26.To Heti (Goddess of arms), a bow-maker

27.To Karma (divinity of art-work), a bow string maker

28.To Dishta, a maker of ropes

29.To Mrtyu (the divinity of death), a hunter

30.To Antaka (the divinity of murder), aperson delighting in hunting with dogs


31.To Sandha (Divinity of assignation), a person given to adultery

32.To Geha (the divinity of homesteads), one who live in concubinage

33.To Nirriti (the goddess of mis fortune), one who has married before his elder brother

34.To Atri (the goddess of pain), one who wishes to marry before his elder brother

35.To Aradhi (divinity who causes obstruction to enterprise), , one who has married a widow


36.To Pavitra (divinity of purity), a Doctor/physician

37.To Prajnana (divinity of Time), an Astronomer

38.To Niskriti (goddess of success), the wife of a goldsmith

39.To Bala (Divinity of strength), a girl who is forcibly taken and kept as a concubine for food and raiment, but no pay

40.To Vrana (the Divinity of colours), one who works for the sake of another, not for himself.


My comments:–


Max Mullers and Caldwells and Marxists looked like Pukka Idiots before this list. They described this list silly, ridiculous, childish, and from nomads, pastoral, migrants.

But all these items show they were high ranking thinkers, they have doctors, astronomers, engineers and agriculturists in the list. They knew if they publish this list which belongs to 1000 BCE or before they will become the laughing stock. So they did not make the list very popular. Anyone who reads between the lines will know how thoughtful they were about the society, the works and the professionals. There is even a person “one who works for the sake of another, not for himself”, may be a social worker!


to be continued…………..





A Strange Story about Yama and his Wife Vijaya! (Post No.4259)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 30 September 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-19



Post No. 4259


Pictures are taken from various sources such as google, Facebook friends, newspapers and Wikipedia for non-commercial use; thanks.


In the Bhavishya Purana the following legend of Yama’s marriage is found:-

Yama was exceedingly pleased with a girl named Vijaya, a Brahmin’s daughter. When she first saw him she was greatly alarmed, alike at his appearance and on learning who he was. At length he allayed her fears and he consented to marry him.


On her arrival at Yama’s city, her husband cautioned her and assured her all would be well if she never visited the southern portion of kingdom. After a while curiosity overpowered her, and thinking that a rival wife may live in the Southern region and that is why Yama asked her never to visit that area, she visited the forbidden region.


There she saw the torments of the wicked, and alas! amongst these she recognised her own mother. Greatly distressed she appealed to Yama to release her mother but Yama told her that was impossible unless someone living on earth perform a certain sacrifice, and transfer the act of the merit of the act to this poor woman then suffering. After some difficulty, a woman was found willing to perform the sacrifice, and Vijaya obtained her release.

Bhavishya Purana included this story to inculcate certain values:

  1. Even if it is your own relative and you are very close to the ruling class, God wont change the rules out of favouritism. But there is an escape route, an exit strategy. That is prayer, Yaga or Yajna.
  2. The Southern region is Yama’s region according to Sangam Tamil literature, Tamil Veda Tirukkural and all the Sanskrit books. This is very strange and unique Hindu concept. In other cultures, such as Egyptian the direction of sunset, West, is the direction where the departed souls go. Thousands of such Hindu concepts, rules, rituals are absent in Europe or other parts of the world. This explodes the myth of Aryan migration. Hindus were the sons of the soil. Sangam Tamil literature supports whatever said in the older Sanskrit literature. Thousands of words that were found in ancient languages can be traced back to Sanskrit or Tamil. That explodes the fake linguistic theories and fake classification of the languages. There is Dravidian family. There is only one family of Indian languages. Tamil branched out 2500 years ago and still Tamil and Sanskrit are the two closest languages.
  3. There are several interesting stories about Yama’s defeat at the hands of human beings in Hinduism, such the little boy Nachiketas, Markandeyan and chaste wife Savitri. This gives hope and positive thoughts to the Hindus. Yama-Vijaya story is ne another story in this category.

Every story in the Puranas has a moral to teach.