Four Wonderful Sri Chakra Temples near Chennai! (Post No.3640)

Picture of Mangadu Sri Kamakshi


Written by S NAGARAJAN


Date: 16 February 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  5-06 am



Post No.3640



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.





Four Wonderful Major Sri Chakra Temples near Chennai in India to visit and get all types of benefits

by S. Nagarajan


In my first article I have described the secrets of Sri Yantra. In the next article I have given the scientific findings of the famous Russian scientist Alexie Pavlovich Kulaichev .


In this article we will see four famous temples in which Sri Chakra have been designed correctly and installed.

There is a famous temple in Mangadu, situated 15miles south of Chennai. (Madras as it was called in earlier days)  This is the only temple solely dedicated to Sri Chakra in the whole of India. The Sri Yantra is said that the first Sankaracharya, generally known as Adi Shankara has installed it. In the entrance hall of the temple there is a stone image of Adi Shankara. The temple is very big with compound walls. But these walls were demolished by the Mohammadan invaders. Later these have been rebuilt. Thousands of devotees used to visit this Sri Yantra holy temple every day.


There is one more temple at Thiruvottiyur situated ten miles north of Chennai. A Kali Yantra has been installed here. This Yantra is a big one and has been covered by a big black stone of three feet diameter and one and half inch thick. This is said to be installed by Adi Shankara. Since this divine geometry is of ferocious one it was covered by the black stone by Shankara. It is very interesting to note that there are 27 Shiva lingas representing the 27 celestial constellations of stars. The temple is very famous and thousands of devotees are thronging here every day to have the holy sight of the deity.


There is one more temple at Thiruverkadu situated 12 miles west of Chennai. The temple is called Devi Yogakumari temple. Here also a Sri Chakra of size one foot by one foot by one foot has been installed.


The city Kanchipuram is very famous for its Kamakshi temple. It is situated at 72 kilometers south west of Chennai. The Yantra installed here is called as Bhuprastara Sri Chakra of size 18”x18”. Thousands of devotees are thronging it every day. The Yantra is surrounded by a stone wall and only the priest is allowed inside. The chakra was of a ferocious type. In order to make it amenable for worship,  Adi Shankara has mitigated the ferocity of the icon of Kamakshi by drawing the fierce aspect.

Picture of Kanchi Kamakshi Temple


It is said that Adi Shankara himself drew the Chakra here, in the temple of Kamakshi and consecrated it. The significant Yantra bestows all benefits to the visitors coming for worship.

The entire land of India is thus fully protected by the various Yantras installed at vulnerable points. The locations of these temples, longitude and latitude wise, if studied well, will reveal their wonderful significance specifically chosen for various aspects.


Good Luck to all who read this article. Have a Sri Chakra installed in your home and worship it every day. And don’t forget to offer some offerings after worship even it is of a small measure.


Pigeons in Amarnath and Eagles at Thirukkazukkundram – A Miracle ! (Post No.3629)

Picture taken by C. Vedanarayanan


Written by S NAGARAJAN


Date: 12 February 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  6-40 am



Post No.3629



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.




  1. Nagarajan

Holy Himalayas. The World’s highest peak Everest is here. The entire area is called as Holy land or Punya Bhoomi. It is a sacred duty for a Hindu to visit Amarnath, Kedarnath and Badrinath at least once in his life time.

The distance from Jammu to Pahalgam is 363 Km. Pahalgam is 96 Km from Srinagar. From Jammu the Holy Cave of Amarnath is situated at about 410 Kms. From Pahalkam it is 47 kms.

The trekking in the Himalayas would be a mind blowing experience. As if walking in the heaven, the devotees usually feel the divinity around them.

Amarnath means deathless. It is also the name of Shiva. The cave was found by one Muslim Boy called Buta Malik some 400 years ago. One day while he was grazing his cattle in the Himalayas, he met a sage. The sage gave him a bowl full of coal. The boy carried it with him to his home. On reaching home, in the evening, when he took the bowl, it was full of Gold. Immediately he went back in search of the sage. At that time he found out the Holy Amarnath Cave. Even today part of the offerings paid to Lord Shiva at Amarnath Cave by the devotees goes to the heirs of Buta Malik. This cave is a fine example for Hindu-Muslim Unity.

The ice formation inside the cave gradually grows to form a very big Shiva Linga. At full moon day the Lingam attains its maximum height. The height of the Shiva Linga is about 24 feet from new moon day to the full moon day.


Exactly on the full moon day two pigeons appear in the cave symbolizing Lord Shiva and His consort Parvathi, the daughter of Himalayas.

The Legend goes like this. When Shiva was revealing the secrets of the creation of the universe to Parvathi, a pair of pigeons appeared there and overheard the conversation. Every year on the same full moon day these two pigeons appear in the cave without fail.

Even a hard core skeptic will be persuaded to believe the divine sports happens here every year. How could two pigeons appear exactly on the same full moon day at the exact spot! And how could  the ice attains its maximum height on the full moon day and gradually reduces, but never disappears fully.

The holy cave is situated at a height of 12792 feet.  The cave is a symbol of sublimity, serenity and strength. The length, width and height of this natural holy cave is 60,30 and 15 feet respectively.

Coming to down south we have one Thirukazhukundram, 68 km from Chennai, where two sacred eagles are appearing every day over the temple to worship  Lord Shiva. A large number of visitors used to wait there to watch this miraculous event every day. The two eagles used to come down to a rock where the sweet rice is offered as food.

It is said that these two eagles were actually two risihis namely Pusha and Vidhadha. After circling the sacred mountain they used to come near the priest walking. Balls of rice is being offered to the eagles. They eat the balls of rice and after cleaning their beaks in the water kept in a small vessel nearby, take off circle around the temple tower again and fly off. Every day, day after day, the event repeats. This is happening for the past several centuries.

One has to see these things to believe. Hinduism lives from Cape Comorin to the great Himalayas. There are thousands of miracles happen every day, even today in the Hindu Land!




Be Always on God’s Side or Pray for God to Come to Your Side (Post No.3565)

Written by S NAGARAJAN


Date: 22 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  6-49 am



Post No.3565



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.




by S. Nagarajan

You might have heard about the competition between St Peter and Satan.

If not, please read now.


Once Satan invited St Peter and challenged him to a football game. St Peter was wonderstruck. How Satan could challenge when his defeat is certain.

Peter asked Satan, “Heaven versus Hell? Do you really want this match?”

“yes”said Satan.

Peter said,“But please understand that all the best players are with me in heaven. So how could you    win? You are going to lose.”

For this Satan replied,” Don’t worry. I have all the referees with me in hell!”

It is very common that the evil forces will always challenge the good men.

So, what would be Peter’s reply?


“Oh! God is on my side and I am always on God’s side”

Needless to say that Satan ran away from Peter.

One who is always on God’s side, he is certain that God would take care of him.

There is a story regarding an agreement between God and a devotee.

The devotee had to climb a rocky mountain. He prayed God for help. God appeared before him. There was an agreement. God should accompany him so that he could go forward with courage.


He started. There were four foot prints. He was glad that God is coming along with him. God’s foot prints was visible. After sometime the path was very rough. He could not go further. Suddenly at that moment he saw only two foot prints.


He cried, “Oh! God! So far you came along with me. Now I am seeing only two foot prints. Where have You gone? You have not honored the agreement  You had let me down.”


God appeared before him and said, “Oh! Dear, the foot prints you are seeing now is that of mine. So far I came along by your side. Now since the path is rough, I took you on my shoulders. That is why your foot prints are not there!”

Devotee realized that God’s grace is abundant.

God has never broken a promise ever spoken!

There is a big cathedral in Lubeck, Germany. Inside the cathedral there are many inscriptions. One of the inscriptions is a poem. The poem is this:


Ye call Me Master and obey Me not,

Ye call Me light and see Me not,

Ye call Me way and walk not,

Ye call Me life and desire Me not,

Ye call Me wise and follow Me not,

Ye call Me fair and love Me not,

Ye call Me rich and ask Me not,

Ye call Me eternal and seek Me not,

Ye call Me gracious and trust Me not,

Ye call Me noble and serve Me not,

Ye call Me mighty and honor Me not,

Ye call Me just and fear Me not,

If I condemn you, blame Me not.


A man may be equal to many zeros, buy if God comes to his rescue, He will stand before the zeros and his will value will increase. If he equals to, say, twelve zeros with God in front of the zeros his value will be one trillion.

If anybody says to you, ‘God is nowhere’, you may immediately retort saying, ‘with correct perspective if you see, God is verily there. Split the letters correctly and you will read ‘God is now here’!’


God is all pervading. Egoless. Ever helpful. Everlasting. Immeasurable. Omnipotent. Omniscient

Be on God’s side. Or pray God to come to your side!


This article first appeared in Pl click platinum author Santhanam Nagarajan to view all of his articles.


Manu’s Beautiful Definition of Dharma!(Post No. 3564)

Written by London swaminathan


Date: 21 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 15-48


Post No.3564



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.







What are the sources of Dharma?

Veda- Four Vedas

Smrti – Law Books

Sadaacaara – Good Conduct

Priyamaatmanah – What is pleasing to mind

vedah smrtih sadaacaarah sasya ca priyamaatmanah

etat caturvidham praahuh sakshaaddharmasya lakshanam

–Manu Smrtih 2-12


Manu, the first law giver in the world has defined righteousness. As always believed Vedas and Smrtis (law books) are the source of Dharma. It is very difficult to translate the word ‘Dharma’ in English. But Tamils succeeded in Tamilizing that Sanskrit word as ARAM (Dharam in Hindi). The most interesting point of this definition is WHAT IS PLEASING TO MIND!


Does it mean that anyone can do anything that which pleases one’s mind? No. It must be a good conduct. Why did he add this after giving three sources? That is because Dharma also changes according to time, location and the circumstances. So, when one in doubt he does what pleases his mind  without violating the other three factors i.e. Vedas, Smrtis (law books) and accepted good conduct. I will give you one example.


Brahmin priests get enormous number of Dhotis (Veshti) in a year by performing various rituals. But they don’t get enough money to pay for their house rent, bills and travel etc. When they met Kanchi Paramacharya, he suggested that if there are too many dhotis involved in a ceremony, they can get money with a small thread representing Vesti/dhoti.


So, when someone is in doubt about following certain rules, one can always consult the saints or elders living at that time. Sri Sathya Sai Baba made Gayatri a universal mantra, available to everyone. He did not insist initiation or caste or sacred thread to recite Gayatri, the most powerful mantra in the three Vedas. This is applicable to Baba devotees, because they have already fallen in a divine, religious grew. So, nothing could go wrong if they are in the grew.


In the very first verse of the Second Chapter of Manu Smrti, Manu says, “Learn Dharma that is constantly followed and assented to in the heart by learned men, good men who have neither HATRED or PASSION – Manu 2-1


Narada Smrti says that the Four Feet of Dharma are

Jnaanam – Knowledge

Dhyaanam – Contemplation of Inner Self

Sama – Control of Mind

Dama- Control of Sense Organs


catushpaadaa hi dharmasya jnaanam dhyaanam samo damah

–Narada smrtih 1-8

Valluvar’s Definition


“That which should be done is virtue;

That which should be avoided is vice

–Tiruk Kural 4-40


Tiruvalluvar, author of the Tamil Veda, Tirukkural, also defines Dharma in ten couplets.

He says, “What brings more glory to man than righteousness? It gives prosperity (on earth) and also happiness (in heaven)- Kural 41


Do good deeds unceasingly, as far as you are able, by thought word and deed 43

Do the deeds of charity now without postponing them to your old age; for they will be unfailing help to you in the hour of death- 46

Buddha on Righteousness!


Gautama Buddha explains Dharma (righteousness) in 17 couplets in Dhammapada (Path of Dharma). He said nothing new. All are already in the Gita and Upanishads.

“A man is not great because he is a warrior and kills other men; but because he hurts not any living being, he in truth is called a great man” (269)

“A man is not on the path of Dharma if he settles matters in a violent haste (256)

“He in whom three sins (envy, greed and deceit) are uprooted and who is wise and has love, he is in truth a man of honour”(263)


Is short, everything said by Buddha is already in Mahabharata.


Long Live Dharma!



Where does Lakshmi reside? (Post No.3561)


Written by London swaminathan


Date: 20 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 21-30


Post No.3561



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.






In the ancient Tamil Sangam literature, a beautiful verse is found in the Purananuru. The verse is composed by Valmiki. Dravidian frauds and foreign “scholars” have spread out a lie that Tamil culture is different. Those who read 30,000 lines of Sangam literature will know that the culture is same from Kanyakumari to Kashmir with some regional specialities.


Valmiki is not the only Sanskrit name in Sangam literature. There Damodara, Kesava, Markandeya, Sangavaruna, Kapila, Parana, Mamula and so many other Sanskrit names. This will explode the racist Aryan Dravidian theory. One third of the poems were composed by Brahmin poets. If Sanskrit words are removed from Sangam Tamil verses it would like virus affected software!


Valmiki who composed verse 358 of Purananuru is different from Valmiki of Ramayana. But he was given this name because he liked Ramayana very much. According to some commentators this is a verse about Rama.

The gist of the verse no. 358 is, “ Life is so impermanent that this land has seen seven kings on a single day. If you compare worldly life with ascetic life, life of an ascetic is far better/ greater. Asceticism is so great and the earth is not one iota of it. It is because asceticism is difficult people became family men.  Those who strived for liberation became ascetics. Those who don’t ask for wealth (Lakshmi) will get it. Those ask for it wont get it and suffer as family men”.


Lord Rama said that he did not want Rajya Lakshmi (kingdom) but he got it.


Apart from the philosophical interpretation, it gives some historical information of having Seven Kings on a Single Day!

There is another verse in later Tamil literature, which lists the places where Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth resides: Lotus, Flag of a kingdom, City, Lightning, Tulsi leaves, Vilva/Bilva leaves, Sheath of paddy, Chank, Sea, Lamp, Horse, Marriage House or Mandap, Milk pot and the hearts of the good people.


Apart from the above list there is a belief that Lakshmi resides at the backside of a cow and the parting of a woman where she applies Kumkum every day. The list explains why Hindus boil milk in the new house, why Vishnu gets Tulsi and Shiva gets Vilva every day, why Hindus light lamp every day, why grains ae called Dhanya Lakshmi etc.





Ah! It was a wonderful phenomenon – Swami Vivekananda! (Post No.3536)

Written by S NAGARAJAN


Date: 12 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  5-49 am



Post No.3536



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.







Ah! It was a wonderful phenomenon – Swami Vivekananda!

by S. Nagarajan


Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was Narayana and Swami Vivekananda was nara in the ‘Nara Narayana’ pair.

They just visited the earth to uplift the humanity and rejuvenate Hinduism.

Swamiji had extraordinary power. But he never revealed himself. However occasionally he used to reveal some of his secrets.

Given below is one such secret which was told by himself.


“While I was in America I had certain wonderful powers developed in me. By looking into people’s eyes I could fathom in a trice the contents of their minds. The workings of everybody’s mind would be patent to me, like a fruit on the palm of one’s hand. To some I used to give out these things, and of those to whom I communicated these, many would become my disciples, whereas those who came to mix with me with some ulterior motive would not, on coming across this power of mine, even venture into my presence any more.

When I began lecturing in Chicago and other cities, I had to deliver every week some twelve or fifteen or even more lectures at times. This excessive strain on the body and mind would exhaust me to a degree. I seemed to run short of subjects for lectures and was anxious where to find new topics for the morrow’s lecture. New thoughts seemed altogether scarce. One day, after the lecture, I lay thinking of what means to adopt next. The thought induced a sort of slumber, and in that state I heard as if somebody standing by me was lecturing – many new ideas and new veins of thoughts, which I had scarcely heard or thought of in my life. On awaking, I remembered them and reproduced them in my lecture. I cannot enumerate how often this phenomenon took place. Many, many days did I hear such lectures while lying in bed. Sometimes the lecture would be delivered in such a loud voice that the inmates of adjacent rooms would hear the sound and ask me the next day, ”With whom, Swamiji, were you talking so loudly last night?” I used to avoid the question somehow.


Ah, it was a wonderful phenomenon.


(Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda Volume 7 page 124)

Swami Akhandananda (earlier name Gangadhar) who was the direct disciple of Ramakrishana Paramahamsa has narrated some of the wonderful experiences he had with Swamiji.

Once Swamiji was in Almora with Swami Akhandananda. One day Swamiji disclosed to Swami Akhandananda mantras he has seen in gold, explaining their import and telling him to which deity each related.  Thus they travelled along the solitary mountain paths.


One day near Almora, they rested under a peepul tree. They bathed in a mountain stream and then sat for meditation. After a long time, Swamiji said to Swami Akhandananda : “Gangadhar , here at Almora, under this tree, a most auspicious moment has been spent. Today, I have found a solution to a knotty problem. I have realized that the macrocosm and the microcosm are strung together on the same string.”


In a notebook preserved by Swami Akhandananda, Swamiji wrote an account of his realization, which is the source of some of the main points in his later speeches and writings.

(ref : Swami Akhandananda by Swami Annadananda page 70)

From the above we may conclude that Swamiji was guided by the Supreme Power continuously with the grace of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.


Spiritual Message though a Village Woman (Post No.3529)


Written by London swaminathan


Date: 9 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 17-45


Post No.3529



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.






Hindu saints are great writers. They propagate great ideals through simple similes or imageries. When those examples are seen in our day to day life, it goes straight in to our head and heart. Ramakrishna Paramahmasa was one who propagated the highest ideals in Hindu literature through parables, pithy sayings and similes. It is a strange coincidence that a Tamil saint who lived approximately 1000 years before Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa also used the same simile.


An ascetic or a Yogi is like a water carrying village woman. She fetches water from a faraway well or tank in five or six metal pots piled up one over the other on her head. Juts to avoid the boredom, she gossips with other women watch fun on her way, but always remember the water pots on her head. An ascetic or Yogi also does everything like an ordinary man but always remember God. Though the women artistes in the Circus, Folk dance and Acrobats also do such things they are trained for it. But a village woman is just an ordinary person bt with extraordinary talent in carrying and balancing the water pots.


I have given below the sayings of Paramahamsa and Pattinathar; I have already written about Pattinathar. Please read my post: “Eyeless Needle changed the Life of a Millionaire”- posted on 2nd January 2017.


Pattinathar Verse:-

What though  they do, what though they undergo,

The liberated are ever poised in Silence.

With easy skill she  sports a gait

Flourishing her hands Twain.

Yet the house maid has an eye on the water pot

She carries on her head – Pattinathar Poem



Ramakrishna Sayings: –

As a boy holding to a post or pillar whirls about it with headlong speed without any fear of falling, so perform your worldly duties   fixing your hold firmly on god ,and you will be free from danger.


As the village maidens in India carry four or five pots of water placed one over the other upon their heads, talking all the way with one another about their joys and sorrows, and yet do not allow a single drop of water to spill, so must the traveller in the path of virtue walk along his route. In whatever circumstances, he may be placed, let him always take heed that his heart does not swerve from the true path.


The magnetic needle always s to the North, and hence it is that the sailing vessel does not lose her direction. So long as the heart of man is directed towards God, he cannot be lost in the ocean of worldliness.







Stone cutters of Tamil Nadu and the Story behind Madurai Temple (Post No.3520)

Incomplete Raya Gopuram of Madurai in Tamil Nadu

Compiled by London swaminathan


Date: 6 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  17-14


Post No.3520



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.







The village stone cutter belongs to the five artisans of the village. He generally lives where there is solid rock which will suit his purposes. He opens his workshop under the burning sun on the open rock. He has a few chisels of different kinds and some iron hammers. With these simple tools he turns out some really good and useful work. He makes the stone for grinding curry materials; the mortar in which to pound rice and the mills– which are primitive in style– for grinding the flour. He can also make stone steps, pillars, beams, doorposts, jars, stands, troughs for watering the cattle and other useful articles that are required for domestic use.


He is not a monthly or annually paid artizan, but he receives suitable payment from the people for all the articles with which he supplies them. He does not go about to collect grain and vegetables from the villagers. If any villager chooses to give him a gift in the form of grain or fruit, of course, he is only too happy to accept it.


The skill of the famous Indian stonemasons has been displayed in the erection of the temples of India. The remarkable way in which groups of animals and human figures are carved out of the solid rock in some of the most famous ancient Hindu temples, speaks volumes for the skilfulness of the Indian stonemason. There is a temple (consecrated to the Hindu god Subramanian, the second son of the god Siva) at Kalugumalai, in the Tinnevelly district of Southern India, which is noted for its singular situation under a solid rock. The cave itself is well worth a visit and the carvings in solid rock are simply marvellous.


In the temple of Srirangam, in the Trichinopoly district, there are several indications of the skill of the stonemason. There are many beautiful pagodas, which shoot up into the sky to a lofty height, in the midst of hundreds of palm-trees and mango-trees, between the two great rivers, the Kavery and the Kollidam. The beautiful and attractive stone pillars, which stand in some of the temple mandapam(cloisters) were first conceived in the mind of the stonemason and then fashioned into shape by his skilful hands. At the bottom of the pillar is the figure of a bear ten feet in height; in the middle of the pillar is a horse about eight feet in height; on the back of the horse there is a hero holding a long spear in his hand, which is passing through the bear that holds up the pillar. On the top of the pedestal there hangs different kinds of Indian fruits. There are several pillars of this kind, and they differ only in the form given to the animals.


The stonecutters also make innumerable gods and goddesses for the people. They make gods with human bodies and animal heads, or with animal bodies and human heads. Their fingers have formed images of all the living creatures of India and placed them in the sacred buildings of the Hindu community.


It is a general complaint that the ancient Indians did not leave any proper record of the history of their land. The stonecutters have to some extent made up for this deficiency. They have told the histories and mysteries in the works of their bands. The inscriptions carved by them in various temples some two to three thousand years ago are still read with interest, and they are often used in deciding the disputes as to the rights of the peasants, the priests, and the princes of the land.

Story behind the Madurai Temple Tower

There are many stories connected with the scientific knowledge of the stonemasons. There is a beautiful and even magnificent temple in the historical and ancient city of Madurai. This temple was built by the founders of the Pandyan dynasty, and afterwards much improved by Terumal Naick (Thirumalai Nayakar), the latest Hindu ruler of Madura. In this temple there is a royer gopuram (the great pagoda) which was built by Terumal Naick. There are two large stone pillars in this royer (Rayar) gopuram. A certain stonemason, by order of the king, brought the stones from the mountain, and placed them in the pagoda, and then died. His son came, and attempted to follow in the footsteps of his father in erecting the royal monument to the goddessMeenatchi, and then he died. By-and-by his son came to the temple to pay his vows. As he entered the royer gopuram saw the great stone pillars. As he looked at them he thought that his grandfather had made a mistake in bringing of the stones and placing it in the sacred place, and he gave expression to his feelings while he was standing in the temple, saying that the temple was polluted according to building science, inasmuch as in one of the two huge pillars a frog was still alive at a certain spot towards the top of the pillar. This statement was brought to the notice of the king, and the man was summoned at once into his presence. The king asked the stonemason, “Have you said that my temple is polluted on account of one of the pillars being placed in the main entrance of the temple?”

“Yes, Your hHghness,’”politely said the man.

“If you cannot prove your statement to be true, remember your head will be severed from your body,” said the king in a very severe tone of voice.


Having placed his life as the pledge for the truth of his the stonemason boldly asked the king to follow him to the temple. The king and his courtiers went. The stonemason requested one of the servants of the king to place a ladder beside the pillar and to go up to the top, and break off a certain portion of the pillar with a hammer. When several small pieces had been broken off a stone frog actually fell down to the great surprise of the king and the advisers. The king immediately ordered his servants to bring gifts from the palace, and these be presented to the stonemason, and he even bestowed upon him royal honours.


Source: Indian Village Folk, T B Pandian, London Year 1897

‘Eyeless Needle’ Changed the Life of a Millionaire! (Post No.3508)

Compiled by London swaminathan


Date: 2 January 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  16-15


Post No.3508



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.





Pattinathar was a rich man who lived in the port city Kaveri Poompattinam (also known as Pumpuhar) in the tenth century CE. He has not been included among the Sixty-Three Saiva Nayanmars, though five of his poems have been taken into the Eleventh Tirumurai.


A bright infant he was, left uncared for in a garden at Tiruvidaimarudur. It was picked by a poor couple who it to Pattinathar for reward. He took the child and reared it as his own son, naming him Marudapiran. Some years later the boy disappeared after asking his mother to handover a box to his father when he returned home. When Pattinathar opened, it he found an eyeless needle and a palm leaf on which a conundrum had been written.  This is said to have opened his eyes to the truth about the divine nature of the boy, who was thought to be God Shiva himself. He immediately arranged for the distribution of his wealth to the poor, renounced life and became an ascetic. He wandered far and wide visiting several sacred places and temples and finally attained salvation at Tiruvotriyur.


In the course of his pilgrimage he is reported to have visited the Tuluva country and converted a king of Bhadragiri to his creed of Yogic asceticism.


Commenting on the eyeless needle which brought a sea change in the life of Pattinathar A J Appasamy (in a book published by YMCA Publishing house nearly 100 years ago) says: “The eyeless needle, tradition maintains, was the means of Pattinathar’s conversion. It swiftly flashed across his mind that just as a needle without an eye is of no value., though the eye itself be the tiniest of things, so the human soul which does not devote itself to God, is lost. The little symbol brought home to him that great truth.


The word Pattinathar means “He of the City”. Pattinathar belonged to the mercantile clan. According to the tradition he was a Chettiar. A flourishing merchant, it is well known, will be greatly attached to his business and wealth. It takes a miracle to wean him away from these. And, a miracle did take pace, in his life. It pleased Lord Shiva to bring about his enlightenment in a flash “ All wealth is worthless, yes as worthless as an eyeless needle”. This knowledge made a new man of Pattinathar. He revelled in divine vagabondry. He sang

Our home is Tiruvalankadu; we have with us

A begging-bowl – God given- and never empty;

To supply as whatever we need, there is the rich land;

O goody heart, there is none our equal.


Visit to a Courtesan’s house

The great commentator Sivagnana Munivar says “Here is commanded the chanting of Panchakshara as ordained. Though for these souls the effulgence of Gnanam (wisdom) is vouchsafed, Nescience does its besetting, even as the worm accustomed to eating neem, forever repairs to it.” Lust besieged, out saint visited a courtesan. She took some time to present herself before him. Meanwhile, our saint quelled his sinful thought. When the woman eventually came, he burst into verse thus:

“O Peafowl-like woman adorned with the garlands

Of bourgeoning flowers, the one that just now

Quested for you, has gone away; compose yourself.

If you yearn for me I will kick you on your hips

And if I think of you, you kick me.


In the history of Tamil religious literature he has secured a niche which is proof against the tooth of time and razure oblivion.


Two Pattinathars?

It is said that there were two Pattinathars. The author of the hymns included in the Eleventh Tirumurai is the earlier of the two. A careful perusal of his poems establishes this fact indubitably. Pattinathar the second, if such a description can pass muster, is the author of the poems given below:

Kovil Tiru akaval, Kachi Tiru akaval, Tiruvekampamalai, The decad of Obsequies, Anatomical song.


Pattinathar refers to the eyeless needle episode his poems:

He tore a cloth of silk, placed there in with love

A thick needle, folded it and put it into the hand

Of my wife with rich tresses;

Did Siva by his advent intend that I should

Give up my love for my bewitching wife?

For ever hail the flower-feet of the strong-armed Lord

Of Annamalai, oh my heart!

In this world, of what avail are wealth

Tined with evil and the buries riches?

Even an eyeless needle accompanies you not

After you decease”.


AV Subramania Aiyar wrote the following in 1957 believing that there was one Pattinathar:


“A careful study of the very scanty materials about the life and works of Pattinathar shows that there are, broadly, two periods in his life after his final and sudden renunciation. Ther is a tradition that when he left his home he took with him a broken pot and a palm leaf manuscript of Tirumular’s poem. There is no doubt that he was greatly influenced by Tirumular’s Tirumantiram.  There was a significant change in the lives of both Sivavakkiyar (a Tamil Siddha) and Pattinathar at some crucial period in their lives.


There are some similarities and differences in the pomes of Sivavakkiyar and Pattinathar. Both have shown an excessive desire to extoll the virtues of unqualified asceticism and Yogic mysticism in language that can be understood by the masses. Their frequent and repeated scornful references to the physical facts of sex and the biological facts of birth are similar in tone, if not in language.

Pattinathar’s poems are happily free from the violent denunciations of idol worship, temples, rituals, caste, the Vedas, Agamas etc. which Sivavakkiyar indulges in.


Source Books:

St Pattinathar in English by Sekkizhar Adippodi T N Ramachandran, Dharmapura Adinam,1990


The Poetry and the Philosophy of THE TAMIL SIDDHAS, A V Subramania Aiyar, Tirunelveli, 1957



Lamps in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature (Post No 3502)

Research Article Written by London swaminathan


Date: 31 December 2016


Time uploaded in London:-  18-28


Post No.3502



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.






Prince Aja did not differ from his father in resplendent form, in valour and in nobility of nature as a lamp lighted from another lamp does not differ in brightness– Raghuvamsa 5-37


Lamp or Deepa is considered an auspicious symbol in Hindu literature. I don’t think that any other culture gives such a treatment to Lamps. Though lamps were essential items in a household in the ancient world, it did not get any sanctity in other cultures. Hindus light lamps in the morning and in the evening in front of God’s pictures or idols in the prayer rooms and worship god. They have special prayers for lighting the lamp and special places for the lamps. women won’t even touch the lamp during the menstrual period or periods of pollution. Someone else in the house will take care of it. They wouldn’t use the word ‘switch off’ to put out the lamp. They will say ‘see the lamp’ meaning see that it is taken care of. So much sanctity and respect was given to lamps in Hindu homes.


There are lots of beliefs regarding the lamps. If it goes out in the wind or falls down then they think it is inauspicious thing or a bad omen. Tamil and Sanskrit literature compare the wife as a lamp in the family. In old Indian films a person’s death will be hinted by a lamp going off suddenly or blown out by wind.


Hindu organisations organise 1008 Lamps Pujas or 10008 Lamps Pujas regularly and Hindu women participate in them with great devotion and enthusiasm.

Kalidasa use the lamp simile in several places:-

In the Kumarasambhava, Himalaya with Parvati, received sanctity and was also glorified as the lamp by its exceedingly brilliant flame (K.S. 1-28). The image suggests the bright lustre of Parvati.

Nagaratna or Cobra jewel on the head of snakes giving out light is used by Tamil and Sanskrit poets in innumerable places. In certain places, it served as light. This is also a typical Hindu imagery used from the lands ned to the Himalayas. We see such things in the oldest part of Tamil and Sanskrit literature which explodes the myth of Aryan-Dravidian theories.

Steady lamp is compared to the steady mind of a Yogi or an ascetic. Siva, on account of the suspension of the vital airs, is imagined to be like a lamp steady in a place free from wind. The image shows the steadiness of the mind of Siva (KS 3-28).


Manmata (cupid) is imagined to be like a lamp put out by a blast of wind because he was at once, burnt by the anger of Siva. Rati, Manmata’s wife, is said to be the wick f a lamp which when blown out emits smoke for some time.


In the Raghuvamsa, the lustrous herbs, burning without oil, served at night, as lamps to King Raghu. Kalidasa sang about these light emitting plants in many places which is not seen in any other literature. Probably some plants attracted the families of fireflies on a large scale (RV 4-75)  Phosphorescent or luminescent plants also KS 1-10.


In the Raghuvamsa, Indumati, wife of King Aja, all of a sudden fell from the couch and died. Aja sitting close to her also fell down with her. Kalidasa depicts the sad event by the image of a lamp which is apt and homely. Indumati is compared to the flame of a lamp while Aja to the drop of dripping oil (RV8-38)


In another place, the poet says “As the flame of a lamp does not stand a gale, similarly, son of Sudarsana who had no offering could not outlive the disease that defied all attempts of the Physicians (RV 18-53)


The king of Surasena is praised as the Vamsadeepa (lamp of the dynasty) in RV 6-45.

A son in a family is also compared to light in RV 10-2.

Rama is described as A Big Lamp of the Dynasty of Raghu (Raghuvamsa Pradeepena)

in 10-68. Because of him all other lamps in the delivery room lost their brightness. They became dim.

Woman- Family Lamp

There is no difference at all between the Goddesses of Good Fortune (Sriyas) who live in houses and women (Striyas) who are the Lamps of their Houses, worthy of reverence and greatly blessed because of their progeny (Manu 9-26)


Lamp of Wisdom is used by all the Tamil and Sanskrit devotional poets.


Iyur Mutvanar, A Tamil Sangam poet, is also praising the wife as the lamp of a family in Purananuru verse 314, echoing Manu.


Madurai Maruthan Ilanagan, A Tamil sangam poet, praised the son as the lamp of the family or lineage in Akananuru 184.


Throughout the length and breadth of India, largest country in the world 2000 years ago had the same thought regarding family and family values. This explodes the foreigners’ theory of Aryan-Dravidian divisions. We cant see such a praise for a woman or her son in any other ancient literature.


Peyanar, another Tamil poet of Sangam Age also praised the woman (wife) of a house as the Lamp of the House in Ainkurunuru verse 405

Lamp of Mind

In the Mahabharata, we come across a strange imagery of Mind lamp.

pradiptena va dipena  manodipena pasyati (3-203-38)

One sees the soul with the lamp of the mind as if with a lighted lamp.