SRI DEVI AND JESHYTA DEVI IN TAMIL VEDA TIRUKKURAL (Post No.5675)

 

Written by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 18 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –14-34
Post No. 5675

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Jyeshta Devi, picture posted by Lalgudi Veda

Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar was a great Hindu who authored the most famous didactic work Tirukkural, also called Tamil Veda by his contemporary poets. He praised Vishnu, Shiva but condemned Brahma for creating poverty in the world. he said if one has to beg in this world for living, let Brahma go to hell. He praised Shiva for maintaining equanimity and ecorumeven when his friends asked him to drink the poison to save them. he praised Vamanavatar and Gopi Krishna in other couplets (Kural in Tamil). He mentioned the greatness of Go Mata, Vedic Studies, Brahmins, Deva loka, Arita in innumerable couplets. He begins his book with praise of God using Sanskrit words and ending the book again with Sanskrit words. In fact there is no chapter without Sanskrit word. This shows that he treated both the languages as his two eyes.

Scholars in the past 100 years from V R Ramachadra Dikshitar, V V S Iyer, K V Jagannathan, very recently famous historian Dr R Nagaswamy to many more have shown that he borrowed lot from other great books. Having said that all these scholars praised Thiruvalluvar for hs great skill in assembling so much moral sayings in one single book and that too in the briefest couplet format. We have 1330 couplets under 133 headings. No work in any other language can be compared with this marvellous work of the greatest Tamil poet of ancient times. He stands unique in the world of moral literature.

Here in this article I want to show his praise for Sri Devi, i.e Maha Lakshmi, Goddess of Wealth and hiscriticism of her elder sister Mu Devi or Jyeshta in Sanskrit, who is the Goddess of Mis Fortune.

Jyeshta, Goddess of Mis Fortune, bad luck has got her own shrines in several temples in Tamil Nadu. It is strange that Hindus see her as the elder sister of Maha Lakshmi who brings wealth.

Thiru valluvar says,

Goddess of Mis Fortune lives with the indolent and good luck of the Lotus Deity Lakshmi with strenuous strivers- Kural 617

Gambling is the ogress mis fortune. Those who are deluded and swallowed by her, suffer grief, misery and poverty- Kural 936

in both these couplets he used the same word Mukati (Mu Devi, Tamil word for Jyeshta Devi)

In the couplets where he praised Lakshmi, one can interpret it as Lakshmi or Fortune or wealth. But all the ancient commentators take it for Lakshmi.

Another interesting thing is the cognate words in English ,Tamil and Sanskrit for Lakshmi or fortune or prosperity:-

Sri = SIR title in English

Sri=Tiru in Tamil or Seer in Tamil

Sri Dhanam+ Seer or Seedhanam in Tamil

Linguists know very well that

S=T (Eg Sion= Tion)

wherever the tion comes English pronounce it as sion.

More about Jyeshta

The iconography of Jyeshta Deva is itself interesting. Jyeshta  generally means ‘elder’ in Sanskrit. Kashmiris called Shiva Jyeshta Rudra; elder son is called Jyeshta Putra.

Donkey Vahana

Jyeshta, Goddess of Mis fortune, is found in Hindu Puranas. She personifies poverty and is depicted with a  large belly and long nose. She was particularly worshipped in South India. A star—Nakashtra -also named after her (Jyeshta= Kettai in Tamil). This name also has bad connotation in astrology. Jyeshta’s vahana (mount) is ass. She has a banner with crow. In her hands she has arrow, cup, and her other attributes are  blue lotus, staff and hair ornament.

Cicero and Benjamin Franklin

S M Diaz in his English commentary on Tirukkural, adds more information:

The dark elder sister representing misfortune with go with the man of indolence

While the lotus born Lakshmi with reside with the man of industry- Kural/ couplet 617

Cicero is believed to have said somewhere, that Diligence is one virtue that contains in itself all the rest.

Benjamin Franklin said much later, that Diligence is mother of all virtues and certainly of good fortune.

Goddess Lakshmi is praised in couplets 617, 179, 519, 920

As I have mentioned earlier one can interpret the word Thiru as wealth, fortune, prosperity and Lakshmi. We always go by what the ancient interpreters say about it. Ten people wrote commentaries on Tirukkural and only half of them are available now.

Tags:- Jyeshta, Mudevi, Tirukkural, Goddess of mis- fortune

–subham–

Gateway to Hell and Gateway to Heaven (Post No.5638)

 

Written by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 8 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –14-27

Post No. 5638

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog

There are beautiful slokas/couplets in Sanskrit language giving details about gateways to hell and heaven. We find it in Pali scriptures and Tamil scriptures as well. Bhagavad Gita, Dhammapada, the Buddhist Veda and Tamil Veda Tirukkural have got similar couplets.

Let us look at Sanskrit slokas first:-

Hitopadesa (sloka) says,

Doors to Death (Mrtyoh dvarani):-

1.Beginning of an unworthy act

2.Enmity with one’s own kin

3.Competition with a stronger person

4.Faith in young women

Anicita karyarambah svajana virodho baliyasa spardha

Pramadajanavisvaso mrtyoh dvarani catvari

–Hitopadesa 3-149

 

Gateway to Moksha/Liberartion

Yoga Vasistah says

1.Control of mind

2.Inquiry

3.Contentment

4.Association with saints

are the four gateways to Moksha.

mokshadvare dvarapalascatvah parikirtitah

samo vicharah santosascaturtah sadhusangamah

Gateways of Hell

kama krodha lobha dambha

kamo lobhastatha  krodho dhambascatvara ithyami

xxx

 

Bhagavad Gita (16-21) says,

The Triple Gate of Hell

trividham narakasyaedam

dvaram nasanam atmanah

kamah krodhas tatha lobhas

tasmad etat trayam tyajet

The gateway of this hell leading to the ruin of the soul is threefold, lust, anger and greed. Therefore, these three, one should abandon (BG 16-21)

Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural says,

Once the triple evils of lust, anger and delusion are eliminated

All sorrow will come to an end —(Kural 360)

Buddha in The Dhammapada says

He in whom these (envy, greed and wickedness) are destroyed, removed by the very root, he who is free from guilt, and is wise, is said to be handsome (263)

Lord, saints and poets repeated the same advise in different words.

Tags- Gateway, Hell, Heaven, Moksha, Greed, Lust, delusion, envy, anger.

–Subham–

ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு சம உரிமை தேவை; 100 அறிஞர்கள் வேண்டுகோள்! (Post.5618)

WRITTEN BY S NAGARAJAN

Date: 3 November 2018

Time uploaded in London – 8-10 AM (GMT)

Post No. 5618

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

இந்தியாவில் ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு சம உரிமை தேவை; நூறு அறிஞர்களின் வேண்டுகோள்!

ச.நாகராஜன்

1

  1. 2018, செப்டம்பர் 22ஆம் தேதியன்று புதுடில்லியில் ஹிந்து சமுதாயத்தைச் சேர்ந்த ஆன்மீக தலைவர்கள், கல்வியாளர்கள், எழுத்தாளர்கள், டாக்டர்கள், எஞ்ஜினியர்கள், பத்திரிகையாளர்கள், அறிஞர்கள் உள்ளிட்ட நூறு பேர் ஒன்று கூடி ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு எதிராக இழைக்கப்படும் அநியாயத்தை நீக்குவதற்காக ஆலோசனைக் கூட்டம் ஒன்றை நடத்தினர்.

கூட்டத்தில் சில முக்கிய முடிவுகள் எடுக்கப்பட்டன.

1)   நமது நாட்டில்  அனைவருக்கும் சமமாக ஹிந்துக்களையும் நடத்த வேண்டும். இதற்கென லோக்சபாவில் நிலுவையில் உள்ள பில் நம்பர் 226-2016 உடனடியாக நிறைவேற்றப்பட வேண்டும். இதன்படி ஹிந்து கல்வி நிறுவனங்களை சுயேச்சையாக நடத்த அனுமதிக்க வேண்டும்.

2)   ஹிந்து ஆலயங்கள் சுயேச்சையாக இயங்க அனுமதிக்கப்பட வேண்டும்.

3)   ஹிந்து சம்பிரதாயங்கள், பண்பாடு ஆகியவை பேணிக் காக்கப்பட வேண்டும்.

4)

  1. வெளிநாடுகளிலிருந்து ஏராளமான பணம் நமது நாட்டிற்கு வருகிறது.இந்தப் பணம் தேசப் பிரிவினைக்காகவும், இங்கு சண்டையை மூட்டவும் சுயநலமிகளால் செலவழிக்கப்படுகிறது. இது தடுத்து நிறுத்தப்பட வேண்டும்,
  2. ஹிந்து மதத்தின் பண்பாடு, சம்பிரதாயம், சடங்கு உள்ளிட்டவை அரசின் தலையீடின்றி நடத்தப்பட வேண்டும். இதற்கென மத்திய அரசுFreedom of Religion Actஐ உடனடியாக நிறைவேற்ற வேண்டும்.
  1. காஷ்மீரில் ஹிந்துக்கள் இனப்படுகொலை செய்யப்படுவது தடுத்து நிறுத்தப்பட ஆவன செய்ய வேண்டும்.
  2. 2017-18இல் 14 லட்சம் டன்கள் மாமிசம்- பசு மாமிசம் வெளிநாடுகளுக்கு ஏற்றுமதி செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது உள்நாட்டில் விலையேற்றத்திற்குக் காரணமாக அமைகிறது. பொருளாதாரத்தைச் சீர்குலைக்கும் இந்த ஏற்றுமதி தடுத்து நிறுத்தப்பட வேண்டும்.
  1. ஆயிரக்கணக்கான ஆலயங்கள் அழிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளன.இவற்றை புனருத்தாரணம் செய்ய வேண்டும். வேத பாடசாலைகள் புதுப்பிக்கப்பட வேண்டும். நாட்டுப்புறக்கலைகள், சிற்பம், இலக்கியம் உள்ளிட்ட அனைத்தும் மீண்டும் உயிர்ப்பிக்கப்பட வேண்டும். இவற்றில் ஈடுபட்டுள்ளோருக்கு வாழ்க்கையை உரிய விதத்தில் நடத்தத் தேவையான பணம் உள்ளிட்ட அனைத்து உதவிகளையும் அளிக்க வேண்டும்.
  1. இதர நாடுகளிலிருந்து மத அடிப்படையில் துரத்தப்படும் ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு உரிய விதத்தில் அகதி மற்றும் இந்திய குடியுரிமை அளிக்கப்பட வேண்டும். இதற்காக இப்போதுள்ள சட்ட குறைபாடுகள் நீக்கப்பட வேண்டும்.
  2. அனைத்து மொழிகளும் சமமாக மதிக்கப்பட்டு சம உரிமைகள் அளிக்கப்பட வேண்டும். மொழிகளின் அடிப்படையில் உள்ள அனைத்து வேறுபாடுகளும் களையப்பட வேண்டும். 80 கோடி ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு சம உரிமை, நீதி ஆகியவை அளிக்கப்பட வேண்டும்.

***

 

நியாயமான இந்தக் கோரிக்கைகளைச் சொல்லவே சற்று சங்கடமாக இருக்கிறது – 70 ஆண்டுகள் ஆகியும் ஹிந்துக்களின் சொந்த மண்ணில் இவை இல்லை என்பதை எண்ணி இன்று வலியுறுத்த வேண்டிய நிலைமையில் இருக்கும் போது.

ஹிந்துக்களுக்கு இல்லாத உரிமைகள், விசேஷ சலுகைகள், விசேஷ சட்டங்கள் மைனாரிட்டிகளான முஸ்லீம்கள், கிறிஸ்தவர்களுக்கு உள்ளன. ஆனால் ஹிந்துக்களுக்கோ …

ஹிந்துக்கள் அனைவரும் ஓரிழையில் இணைய வேண்டிய கால கட்டத்தில் இருக்கிறோம்.

இணைவோம்; வெல்வோம்!

நன்றி  : 5-10-2018  Truth  தொகுதி 86~ இதழ் 25

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அறிஞர்களின் கூட்டம் பற்றிய முழு விவரங்களை ஆங்கில மூலத்தில் கீழே படிக்கலாம் :

 

IndiaFacts Staff @indiafactsorg writes under the caption– “Concerned Hindus demand– end of institutionalized discrimination against Hindus” on 24-09-2018 as follows:

[Editor’s Note: A group of Hindu thinkers and activists met in Delhi on 22nd of September, 2018 to discuss about issues affecting Hindu society. After deliberations they have released a charter of demands which they expect the central government to fulfil. Here is a copy of their press release.]

A group of around one hundred Hindus, including spiritual leaders, academics, authors, doctors, engineers, journalists, public intellectuals and concerned citizens from all walks of life, across the country, deeply disturbed by the systemic and institutionalized discrimination against the Hindu society, gathered in New Delhi on 22nd of September, 2018 to deliberate on various constitutional, legal and public policy issues affecting the Hindu society.

During the deliberations, it was acknowledged that as the inheritor, custodian and trustee of the Indic civilization based on the ethos of Sanatana Dharma the Indian State has bounden civilizational responsibility to protect, preserve and promote the Indic civilization.

A Charter of key Hindu Demands Rights (Discrimination & Appeasement) was debated and drafted, to be presented to the Government of India and the public.

The Charter demands:

  1. End of legal and institutionalised discrimination against Hindus by the Indian State, which is against the spirit of the equality of citizens irrespective of religious identity.

To this effect, the group demands that Dr Satyapal Singh’s Private Member’s Bill No. 226 of 2016 pending in Lok Sabha for amending Articles 26 to 30 of the Constitution should be passed forthwith in the forthcoming Parliament Session, to ensure equal rights to Hindus on par with others in the matters of :

  1. Running educational institutions without undue interference of State;
  2. Removal of Govt control of Hindu temples and places of worship by restoring their management to Hindu society;
  3. Preserving and promoting Hindu heritage and culture; The group recalled that late Syed Shahabuddin, having understood the problem of the Constitutionally imposed disabilities on majority Hindus, had introduced a Private Member’s Bill No. 36 of 1995 in Lok Sabha to widen the scope of Article 30 of the Constitution by suitable amendment to include all communities and sections of citizens bysubstituting the word ‘minorities’ with “all sections of citizens” therein.
  1. A large amount of money comes to Indian entities from abroad, a lot of which is from institutions with ties to foreign governments and their agencies. This money often drives the vested interests of these agencies in India and often ends up subverting Indian society and fuelling conflict and separatism. The following official data indicates that irrespective of political colour of the Central Govt. and despite best efforts of the present Central Govt. to tighten and enforce the law, the quantum of foreign contributions continues to rise leading to ever increasing undue foreign interference in our internal affairs. We rightly refuse foreign aid even in natural disasters not only on grounds of national pride but also because we are capable of generating enough money internally. As there is no free lunch and India is not a beggar Nation, the group urges the Central Government to completely ban all sorts of foreign contributions except those by OCIs in their personal capacity (in recognition of their emotional connect with India) by repealing the existing FCRA and enacting a new Foreign Contributions (Prohibition) Act immediately.
  1. In order to protect and preserve the Hindu native cultural and religious traditions, practices and symbols from unwarranted interference not only by the State and its agencies but also from others, the group urges enactment of Freedom of Religion Act by the Central Government immediately.
  2. In order to prevent repeat of genocide and religious persecution as suffered by the Kashmiri Hindus, the group demands immediate;
  3. Tripartite division of J&K into 3 States of Kashmir, Ladakh and Jammu; b. Abrogation of Article 370 which is the problem of Kashmir, along with repeal of the Constitution (Application to J&K) Order, 1954 issued there under, so that the changes made to the Constitution with respect to J&K, such as the discriminatory Article 35A, also get repealed.
  1. With about 14 lakh tons of meat/beef exported during 2017-18, India has achieved the shameful distinction of the largest meat/beef exporter in the world, quite contrary to Article 48 of the Constitution. This has not only skyrocketed the prices of meat/beef but has also led to growth of meat/beef mafia. The group urges immediate complete ban on export of all types of meat/beef to lower its prices by increasing its availability in domestic market while reducing the adverse impact on the environment and eliminating social friction and law & order issues.
  1. Thousands of temples and sacred places of Hindus are in desecrated, destroyed or ruinous condition. Further, Veda Pathasalas, traditional and folk art forms, literature, dance, music, painting, sculpture, architecture etc which are our intangible heritage and the vehicles for sustenance and transmission of Sanatana Dharma and our age old culture, are all dying for want of patronage and regular livelihood for their practitioners. Therefore, the group while reminding the Indian State of its civilisational responsibility, urges the Central Govt. to immediately establish a Central Public Sector Undertaking to be styled as Haindava Samskruti Jeernoddhaarana Nigam (Hindu Culture Restoration Corporation) with an initial seed capital of not less than Rs. 10,000 crores and an annual grant of similar amount for undertaking reconstruction and restoration of all damaged, desecrated, abandoned and dilapidated Hindu temples and sacred places; revival, nurturing, patronising and promotion of Veda Pathasalas, various traditional and folk art forms, dance, music, sculpture, architecture, painting etc.
  1. Expediency in granting refuge and citizenship to peoples of Indic faiths fleeing religious persecution from any country. The Central Govt. introduced in Lok Sabha a Bill in 2016 to amend the Citizenship Act, which having been referred to a Select Committee, is pending. The Bill in its current form suffers certain difficulties including its doubtful constitutional validity. There are also some genuine concerns expressed by certain people of North Eastern States which needs to be addressed. The group therefore urges the Central Govt for immediate:
  1. Withdrawal of the pending Citizenship (Amendment) Bill,
  2. Amendment of the Constitution by inserting an enabling Article 11-A in the Constitution;
  3. Thereafter amend the Citizenship Act, 1955 by introducing a new Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2018 in the forthcoming session of the current Parliament itself.
  1. The creation of an equal opportunity environment for all Indian languages, ending the institutionalized discrimination that exists today. This will fuel both an economic and cultural renaissance, since a large part of India’s population is currently excluded from development and justice due to linguistic discrimination by the State. The Charter as drafted by prominent citizens of India, will include specific demands and policy suggestions to assist the Government and the legislature in ensuring the rights of 800 million Hindus on par with other sections are upheld, as the principles of equality, justice and liberty are essential for the health and vitality of our cherished democracy and for enabling growth of a truly secular and religion-neutral legal, governance and public policy regime and polity as envisaged by Dr. Ambedkar and other founding fathers of our Constitution. (India Facts– Truth be told).

Dr. Eeshankur Saikia For and on behalf of the Group.

Courtesy :  5-10-2018 dated Truth – Volume 86~Issue 25

***

 

குருவுக்கா, கோவிந்தனுக்கா, யாருக்கு முதல் நமஸ்காரம்?! (Post No.5607)

 

WRITTEN BY S NAGARAJAN

Date: 31 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 7-13 AM (British Summer Time)

Post No. 5607

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

குருவுக்கா, கோவிந்தனுக்கா, யாருக்கு முதல் நமஸ்காரம்?!

ச.நாகராஜன்

1

கபீர்தாஸருக்கு ஒரு குழப்பம் வந்து விட்டது.

திடீரென்று அவர் முன்னர் குருவும் கோவிந்தனும் ஒரே சமயத்தில் வந்து தோன்றி விட்டனர்.

இப்போது இந்த இருவரில் யாரை முதலில் நமஸ்கரிப்பது?

குருவையா?

அல்லது கோவிந்தனையா?

ஒரு நிமிடம் யோசித்த கபீர்தாஸர் கோவிந்தனை விடுத்து முதலில் குருவை நமஸ்கரித்தார்.

அதற்கான காரணத்தை அவர் சொல்கிறார் இப்படி:

“குரு கோவிந்த் தோனோ கடே காகே லாகௌ பாய் |

பலிஹாரி குரு ஆப்னே கோவிந்த் தியோ பஹாய் ||”

இந்த தோஹாவின் பொருள் :

குரு கோவிந்தர் இருவரும் என் வாசலில் வந்து நின்றால் யாரை வணங்குவது?

முதலில் குருவைத் தான் வணங்க வேண்டும். ஏனெனில் அவரில்லாமல் கோவிந்தரை எப்படி என்னால் அறிய முடியும்?

கோவிந்தனைக் காட்டி அருளிய குருவுக்கே எனது முதல் நமஸ்காரம் என்பது கபீரின் முடிவு.

Guru Govind dono khade kake lagu paay

Balihari Guru aapki Govind diyo batay.

Kabir wrote this verse to sing the glory of Guru, without whose help, one cannot cross this ocean of worldly life. He asks, “If both, Guru and God in form of Govind were to appear at the door, whose feet will I worship first?” He answers, “It has to be the Guru’s feet first, because without him, how would I have recognized (known) God?”

2

 

எம்பார் ஒரு சமயம் ஓரிடத்தில் பிரசங்கம் செய்து கொண்டிருந்தார். ஏராளமான கூட்டம்.

யார் முதலில் ஆன்ம குருவாக இருக்கிறார் என்பதைப் பற்றி பிரசங்கம் நிகழ்ந்து கொண்டிருந்தது.

கூட்டத்தில் ஒருவர், “சாஸ்திரங்களை குருவே உபதேசித்து அருள்கிறார். ஆகவே அவரே முக்கியம்” என்றார்.

இன்னொருவரோ, “ பெரிய மகான் தான் நம்மை ஆன்ம குருவைக் காண்பிக்கிறார்” என்றார்.

எம்பார் அவர்களை நிறுத்தினார்: “அது அப்படியில்லை” என்று கூறிய அவர் தொடர்ந்து சொன்னார்: “நம் உள்ளத்தில் உறைகிறானே, பரமன், நம் கண்ணுக்குத் தெரியாத அவன் தான் நல்ல விஷயங்களைத் தடை செய்து தடுத்து விடாமல் கண்ணுக்குத் தெரியும்படி நேரடியாக வந்து அருளும் குருமார்களையும், சேவைக்குத் தூண்டும் உதவியாளர்களையும் அவர்கள் சொல்வதை ஏற்றுச் செயல்படும்படி அருள்கிறான்.” என்றார்.

ஆக உள்ளத்தில் உறைந்து அனைத்து நல்ல காரியங்களையும் தூண்டி அருளும் நாராயணனை எப்போதும் தியானிக்க வேண்டும் என்பது அவரது அருளுரையாயிற்று.

இறைவன் தானே எப்போதும் நேரில் வருவதில்லை.

பெரியவர்கள், மகான்கள், குரு இப்படி பல ரூபத்தில் தக்க சமயத்தில் வந்து உதவுபவனே இறைவன்.

ஆதாரம் பகவத் விஷயம்

God-the Guru in the heart.

In the lecture-assembly of Embar, the subject of who is the first Spiritual Preceptor for the soul came to be discussed.

” The Guru imparts to us the Scriptures,” some said. Others opined : ” The first is that godly man who helps to take us to the spiritual Preceptor for acceptance.”

” Not so,” said Embar, ” the First Preceptor is that Universal Lord who is seated in our hearts, and who unseen, gives us the impulse not to resist, but to yield to the proposals for good services offered by the visible Preceptors or Helpers.”

[Bhagavat Vishayam : Bk. II. p. 720-1. “Ottar” 11-3-2]

****

33 QUOTATIONS ON TAPAS/ PENANCE (Post No.5603)

 

NOVEMBER 2018 ‘GOOD THOUGHTS’ CALENDAR



Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 29 October 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London – 15-46

Post No. 5603

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog

This month calendar consists 30 quotations from Tirukkural of Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar, Bhajagovindam of Adi Shankara and from other Sanskrit books.

FESTIVAL DAYS- DEEPAVALI 6 (TAMIL NADU), 7 (NORTH INDIA), 13-SKANDA SASHTI, 14- CHILDREN’S DAY, 23- KARTHIKAI DEEPAM

NEWMOON DAY- 7; FULL MOON DAY- 22; EKADASI FASTING DAYS- 3,19;

AUSPICIOUS DAYS- NOV.4,5,9,11,14,28

DIWALI FIRE CRACKERS

NOVEMBER 1 THURSDAY
Penance consists in enduring pain and refraining from inflicting injury on the living — Tirukkural 261
NOVEMBER 2 FRIDAY
Asceticism befits a person who has deserved it by his past actions— Tirukkural 262

NOVEMBER 3 SATURDAY
House holders wanted to give basic needs (food, shelter and clothing- roti,kapda aur makhan) — to ascetics. That is the reason for them forgetting asceticism— Tirukkural 263

NOVEMBER 4 SUNDAY
The body has become decrepit;t the head has turned grey; the mouth has become toothless, grasping a stick , the old man moves about. Even then the mass of desires does not go— Bhajagovidam
15

NOVEMBER 5 MONDAY

The ascetic with matted locks, the one with his head shaven, the one’s with hairs pulled out one by one, the one who disguises himself variously with the ochre coloured robes — such a one is a fool who, though seeing, does not see. Indeed, the various disguise is for the sake of the belly -Bhajagovidam 14 of Adi Shankara

NOVEMBER 6 TUESDAY

Ascetics acquire powers by their austerities to curse and give boons— Tirukkural 264

NOVEMBER 7 WEDNESDAY

Asceticism is practised in this world to attain what they wanted in the next world — Tirukkural 265

NOVEMBER 8 THURSDAY

They discharge their duty who practise asceticism. Others entrapped by their desire harm themselves— Tirukkural 266

NOVEMBER 9 FRIDAY

Men of penance may indeed be asked any question under the sun— Shakuntala of Kalidasa

NOVEMBER 10 SATURDAY

The curses of sages are irrevocable— Pratima nataka of Bhasa

NOVEMBER 11 SUNDAY
Penance confers powers — Bharatamanjari

NOVEMBER 12 MONDAY

Penance is the ultimate good; all other joys are delusory— Valmiki Ramayana 7-84-9

NOVEMBER 13 TUESDAY

Hotter the fire, purer the gold. Harder the austerity, the more refined the human soul becomes— Tirukkural 267

NOVEMBER 14 WEDNESDAY
All living beings worship him who has gained control of his own life— Kural 268

NOVEMBER 15 THURSDAY

Those who have acquired strength through asceticism have the power of overcoming even death— Tirukkural 269

DIWALI NEW YEAR ACCOUNTS

NOVEMBER 16 FRIDAY

The rich are few and the poor are more. It is in proportion to those who perform penance and those who do not— Tirukkural 270

NOVEMBER 17 SATURDAY

The five elements will laugh at the secret conduct of deceits -Tirukkural 271

NOVEMBER 18 SUNDAY
What use an appearance of saintliness if one is guilty of conscious sin? — Tirukkural 272

NOVEMBER 19 MONDAY
A deceiving fake fakir/ascetic is like a cow grazing clothed in tigers skin.— Tirukkural 273

NOVEMBER 20 TUESDAY

Penance ever fraught with obstacles and assailed with difficulties— Valmiki Ramayana 3-10-14

NOVEMBER 21 WEDNESDAY
Yogis attain everything by penance- Naisadiya caritra

NOVEMBER 22THURSDAY

Ascetics are by nature docile — Shakuntala of Kalidasa

NOVEMBER 23 FRIDAY

Retire to the penance groves in simple attire— Shakuntala

NOVEMBER 24 SATURDAY

He who sins under the guise of asceticism is like a hunter trapping birds hiding behind a bush— Tirukkural 274

NOVEMBER 25 SUNDAY

There are none so hard hearted as those who pretend to be ascetics in heart without renouncing the world — Tirukkural 276

NOVEMBER 26 MONDAY

The world has persons who are red like abrus seeds but heart as black as the face of that seed — Tirukkural 277

NOVEMBER 27 TUESDAY
There are many who wash their exterior and pretend to be saintly, while their heart remains impure.— Tirukkural 278

NOVEMBER 28 WEDNESDAY

Cruel arrow is straight; but the sweet lute is curved and shapeless; don’t judge men by appearance— Tirukkural 279 (appearance of saints)

NOVEMBER 29 THURSDAY

It matters not whether a man shaves his hair or allows it to grow in flowing locks if he could refrain from what the world shuns— Tirukkural 280

 

NOVEMBER 30 FRIDAY
Bereft of protection, ascetics use curses as weapons and expend their spiritual energy—Raghuvamsam 15-3

Words of saints never fail —Nagananda

Nothing is impossible with austerity— Kathasarith sagara

–SUBHAM–

ரமண மஹரிஷி பற்றி அரவிந்தர்! (Post No.5598)

WRITTEN BY S NAGARAJAN

Date: 28 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 5-45 AM (British Summer Time)

Post No. 5598

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

ரமண மஹரிஷி பற்றி அரவிந்தர்!

ச.நாகராஜன்

1

திலிப் குமார் ராய் பிரபல இசைக் கலைஞர். பல புத்தகங்களை எழுதியவர். பக்தர்.

ரமண மஹரிஷி பக்தியை ஞானமாதா என்று கூறுவதை அவர் கேட்டு மிகவும் பக்தி கொண்டார்.

திலிப் அரவிந்த ஆசிரமத்தில் இருந்த போது முதன் முதலில் ரமணரைப் பற்றி  கேள்விப்பட்டார். அரவிந்தரிடம் அவர் ரமணரைப் பற்றிக் கேட்டபோது அரவிந்தர் மிக குறிப்பிடத்தகுந்த பெரும் வலிமை வாய்ந்த யோகி ரமணர் என்றும் அவரது தவமே இந்திய வெற்றிக்கு வழி வகுத்தது என்றும் குறிப்பிட்டார். இன்னொரு சமயம் அவர் யோகிகளில் ‘ரமணர் ஹெர்குலிஸ்’ என்று கூறினார். ஆகவே தான் அவரை தரிசிக்க ரமணாசிரமம் செல்ல வேண்டும் என்ற ஆவல் எனக்குள் ஏற்பட்டது.

திலிப் குமார் ராய் ரமணர் பற்றிக் குறிப்பிட்டதை அவர் சொற்களிலேயே கீழே காணலாம்:

Dilip Kumar Roy of Sri Aurobindo Ashram was a well-known personality of his time and has authored many books. He was a bhakta and a musician. Sri Ramana’s famous quote, “Bhakti is

jnanamata”(the mother of jnana) was in reply to his query whether Sri Ramana advocated jnana and disparaged bhakti.

I first heard of Ramana Maharshi when I was a member of the Ashram of Sri Aurobindo. I asked Sri Aurobindo about the Maharshi and he wrote back that he was a yogi of remarkable strength and attainments and that his tapasya had won ‘glory for India.’ On another occasion he

characterised him as a ‘Hercules among the yogis.’ So I longed to pay a visit to Sri Ramanasramam.

2

.

அரவிந்தருடன் மாலை நேரங்களில் அவரை தரிசித்து அவரிடம் சந்தேகங்களைக் கேட்டுத் தெளிவு படுத்திக் கொள்வது 1938இல் சாத்தியமாக இருந்தது.

23-12 1938

சாதகர் ஒருவர் ரமணாசிரமத்தைப் பற்றிப் பேச ஆரம்பித்தார்.

ரமண மஹரிஷி வாழ்வில் நடந்த ஒரு சம்பவத்தை அரவிந்தர் விவரித்தார்.

ஆசிரமச் செயல்பாட்டிலும் பக்தர்கள் நடந்து கொண்ட விதத்திலும் சற்று அதிருப்தி கொண்ட ரமணர் மலையை நோக்கி  மெதுவாக நடக்க ஆரம்பித்தார். குன்றின் இடையே ஒரு சிறு இடைவெளியை அவர் கடக்க வேண்டியிருந்தது. அந்த இடைவெளியில் காலை குறுக்காக நீட்டி வைத்துக் கொண்டு ஒரு வயதான கிழவி அமர்ந்திருந்தாள். மஹரிஷி அவரது காலை எடுக்குமாறு வேண்டினார். ஆனால் அவரோ மறுத்தார். மஹரிஷி அவரைக் கோபத்துடன் கடக்க யத்தனித்தார். கோபம் கொண்ட கிழவி, ”ஏன் இப்படி  அமைதியற்று இருக்கிறாய்? அருணாசலத்தில் ஒரு இடத்தில் அமர்ந்து கொண்டு இருக்காமல் ஏன் இப்படி அலைகிறாய்? திரும்பிப் போ, சிவனை அங்கே வழிபடேன்” என்றார்.

கிழவியின் பேச்சு ரமணரின் சிந்தனையைத் தூண்டி விட்டது. அவர் திரும்பி வழி நடந்தார். சிறிது தூரம் சென்ற பின் அவர் திரும்பிப் பார்த்த போது அந்தக் கிழவியை அங்கே காணோம். அப்போது தான் அவருக்கு திடீரென்று தோன்றியது, மஹா சக்தியே கிழவி ரூபத்தில் அங்கு வந்து அவருக்கு அருணாசலத்திலேயே இருக்குமாறு அருளியதாக!

The talk turned to Ramanashram.


Sri Aurobindo:


There are reports that those who stay there permanently are not all in agreement with each other. Do you know that famous story about Maharshi “when being disgusted with the Ashram and the disciples,” he was going away into the mountain. He was passing through a narrow path flanked by the hills. He came upon an old woman sitting with her legs across the path. Maharshi begged her to draw her legs but she would not. Then Maharshi in anger passed across her. She then became very angry and said “Why are you so restless? Why can’t you sit in one place at Arunachala instead of moving about, go back to your place and worship Shiva there?” Her remarks struck him and he retraced his steps. After going some distance he looked back and found that there was nobody. Suddenly it struck him that it was the Divine Mother herself who wanted him to remain at Arunachala.

Of course it was the Divine Mother who asked him to go back. Maharshi was intended to lead this sort of life. He has nothing to do with what happens around him. He remains calm and detached. The man is what he was.

.

3

ஒவ்வொரு கணத்திலும் மஹாசக்தியே ரமணரை வழி நடத்தி வந்தாள். ஆசிரமம் ஆரம்பிப்பதிலோ அல்லது அதை நடத்துவதிலோ ரமணருக்கு அவ்வளவாக ஈடுபாடு இல்லை. ஆனால் மஹாசக்திக்கோ அவர் மூலமாக பல்லாயிரக்கணக்கான பக்தர்களுக்கு அருள் பாலிக்க வேண்டும் என்ற சங்கல்பம் இருந்தது.

ஒரு கட்டத்தில், “என்னை இம்சிக்கிறா” என்று கூறிய ரமணர், அந்த இம்சையை அன்னையின் கட்டளையாக சிரமேற்கொண்டு ஆசிரமத்தை நடத்த அனுமதி தந்தார் – ஆனால் ஆசிரம விதிமுறைகளை  மிகக் கடுமையாகப் பின்பற்றினாலும் அதில் பற்று சிறிதுமின்றி இருந்தார்.

அற்புதமான ரமண அவதாரம் பராசக்தியின் சங்கல்பம் என்றே முடிவு செய்யலாம்.

***

ஆதாரம் : EVENING TALKS with SRI AUROBINDO – Recorded by A. B. PURANI

SWAMI HINDU CROSSWORD PUZZLE-4 AND SOLUTION TO PUZZLE 3 (Post No.5554)

 

 

SWAMI HINDU CROSSWORD PUZZLE-4 AND SOLUTION TO PUZZLE 3 (Post No.5554)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 18 October 2018

Time uploaded in London – 7-33 am

(British Summer Time)

Post No. 5554

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

ACROSS

1.ONE OF NINE PLANETS IN HINDU ASTROLOGY

2.HINDU VOW, FASTING; ALSO COUNTRY WHERE PANDAVAS STAYED

7.HIGHEST MUNTAIN IN HINDU SCRIPTURES; NORTH POLE

8.DAUGHTER OF NAGA KING WHO PULLED ARJUNA DOWN IN RIVER GANGA

10.ONE OF THE FIVE PANDAVAS

12.ONE OF THE 27 STARS; ALSO NAME OF BALARAMA’S WIFE

15.ONE OF THE COUNTRIES OF TRIBES IN MAHABHARATA

DOWN

3.BROTHER OF SAKUNI; ALSO SUFFIX WITH ALL HILLS

4.ACHARYA; ALSO SIKH’S HOLY BOOK

5.(UP) ONE OF NINE PLANETS IN HINDU SCRIPTURES

6.THE GREAT DYNASTY INVOLVED IN MAHABHARATA WAR

7.DAUGHTER OF HIMALAYA; HURDLE IN THE SEA ENCOUNTERED BY HANUMAN

9.THE BOOH OF SIKHS.

11.FEMALE BIRD IN A MAHABHARATA STORY

13.WIFE OF BRIHASPATI; BUDDHIST GODDESS; WIFE OF VALI IN RAMAYANA

14.FATHER

1
2 3
4
5 6
7
8
9 10 11
12 13 14
15

Solution to Puzzle 3

R A M A Y A N A R
B A A L I
R H A H A G
A A A B V
H R B H I M A A E
M I H G D
A S H T A V A K R A A
S A R V
U R T Y A J U R
T A U T
R A R J U N A A
A R U N M S
I N D R A N I

–subham–

Hindu Forest/ Wood Dwellers (Post No.5552)

 

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 17 October 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 15-49

(British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5552

 

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Vanaprastha is a unique stage in a Hindu’s life.

Hindus have four stages in their lives,
Brahmachari– Student life
Grhastha (asrama)—Householder stage (Family life)
Vanaprastha– Forest living
Sanyasa– Complete Renunciation

These four stages are not found anywhere in the world, but seen in Vedic literature written before the Hebrews, Greeks and other ancient literatures. This explodes the half- baked Aryan immigration theory. Hundreds of ancient Hindu customs and rituals, thousands of Sanskrit words are not found in European cultures or any other cultures except India. From northern Himalayas to the southern most Kanyakumari we see the same culture and thoughts from very ancient times. Sangam Tamil literature, which is 2000 year old, praised all the Vedic customs . Some Tamil poets have names such as Valmiki, Kamakshi (Kamak Kanni) , Maha chitran, Vishnudasan, Mahadevan, Damodaran, Kesavan, Kapilan, and Brahma .

It is very interesting to see the sculptures showing Vanaprastha stage in Bharhut and other Buddhist Centers. Great kings like Pandu of Mahabharata along with his wife Madri, emperor Chandragupta Maurya  (in Jain way) spent their later lives in the forests.


People who have seen their grandchildren, go to forest and live a detached life. They pass their time thinking of god and praying for the welfare of the world. Contrary to the modern old age homes, full of gossips and T V shows they watched nature and thought only about god and people’s welfare. In contrast to three course meals at old age homes they had natural organic food, only vegetarian food. Milk, honey, forest grains and fruits gave them good health and good and positive thoughts. They never knew dementia or depression. Those who read Aranyakas and Upanishads (Vedic literature in Sanskrit dated 800 BCE of before) would long for such a peaceful and happy atmosphere. Their only hobby was walking in the woods and enjoying nature. Parrots and deer came to such peaceful places and resided happily which we come to know from the ancient Hindu literature.

During this period the theological ideas of the Hindus were fully developed and put to writing. We see a deep tendency in portraying one supreme God -The Brahman. All other rituals and worship of other old gods were shown as steps towards a higher goal. The Trinity- Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva -are the manifestations of this Supreme being. Some saw the Supreme being in the Sun as Gayathri and others saw the most powerful goddess. At no stage, they demolished the steps leading to the highest stage. They knew very well that those steps are necessary for people at lower levels. The lower levels were like nursery schools with lot of nursery rhymes,  (Slokas or hymns), lots of pictures on the walls. Next stage was like high schools with labs for experiments and wall charts (like modern temples with rituals). Next was the university stage with lots of debates and researches on gods and scriptures. When they passed all these nursery school, high school and university stages they came to forest for the real and ultimate peace.

 

We have beautiful forest scenes in Valmiki Ramayana and Kalidasa’s Sakuntalam drama.

Hindus are great nature lovers. The lofty Himalayas are the source of their numerous Aranyakas (Forest Teachings) and Upanishads (Philosophical Teachings).

PICTURES POSTED BY RADHIKA BALAKRISHNAN

The awesome nature with gigantic mountains and high water falls made them look tiny. They also compared their impermanence with the millions of years old valleys and hills. The beautiful flowers reminded them the three great virtues Satyam, Shivam and Sundaram.

 

–Subham–

Three Layers in Rig Veda (Post No.5509)

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 5 October 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –18-47 am (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5509

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Purushottam Lal Bhargava in his book ‘India in the Vedic Age’, published in 1956, made the following interesting remarks

Pre Divodasa-Sudan’s Rishis/seers
On examining the hymns, we find that those of them, which are attributed to rishis (seers) who are known to have lived before these kings never mentioned, while the hymns ascribed to rishis who are known to have been the contemporaries of Divodasa and Sudas or to have lived later, often mentioned their names.

 

Thus the rishis,
Chyavana
Kavi
Usanas
Avatsaara
Devala
Asita
Budha
Archananas
Andhiigu
Naabaananedhista
Vatsapri
Brihaspati
Samvarta
Diirghatamas
Saaryaata
Nahusa
Yayaati
Maandhaatri
Trsadasyu
Vasumanas
Tryaruna
Puuru
Suhotra
Ajamiidha
Pratardana
Sivi
Mudgala and
Kusika
Lived earlier than Divodaasa and Sudaas and never mentioned the kings names.

xxx

Second Layer
Purukutsa and Trsadasyu
The names of these two famous Vedic kings are mentioned in many hymns, but never in those rishis who lived before them. Sobhari was a contemporary of Trsadasyu. The hymns ascribed to him never mentioned Divodasa and Sudas’.

xxx

Third Layer
Contemporaries of Divodasa and Sudas’s, besides mentioning the names of these kings also often mentioned the names of the Purukutsa and Trsadasyu.
Vasistha, who was a contemporary of Sudas mentioned the name of Sudas and Trsadasyu.

Rishis who were joint authors of hymns are known from other sources to have been contemporaries.
Thus a rishi Manu Samvarani is the joint author of hymn 9-101,with kings Nahusa and Yayati, which means he was their contemporary, and this is borne out by hymn 10-61 in which Nabhaanethista speaks of his father Manu Samvarani being held in high esteem by the princes Yadu and Turvasa, the sons of king Yayati.

Similarly Kutsa Angirasa is the joint author of hymn 9-97 with Vasistha and his sons which means he was their contemporary and this is borne out by the mention of Sudas IN HYMN 1-112 ATTRIBUTED TO KUTSA.

Again hymn 10-179 is ascribed to three kings Sivi, Vasumanas and Pratardana and these were contemporaries according to Puranas.

 

Judging from the names of authors, the oldest among the books of Rig Veda seems to be Book 5, attributed to ancient Atri family, though it does not mean all the hymns in the book are equally ancient.

Rig Veda has Ten Books or Mandalas

See the attachments for the chronology:

 

 

–subham–

 

 

PURANA RESEARCH- PURANA IN ATHARVA VEDA (Post No.5506)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 4 October 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –16-18 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5506

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

 

The word Purana is found in the Atharva Veda (25-6-4); Ithihasa-Purana occur together in Satapata Brahmana and other Brahmana  period books. This shows that Puranas- Hindu Mythologies– are as old as Vedic literature. But Puranas were constantly updated and so the latest updated versions decided their date. Hindus were great historians and they were updating the history and added it to the existing Puranas. This updates earned a bad name for Puranas and they were classified as the latest books in the Hindu literature. Puranas were meant to give genealogies of Hindu Kings and sutas/bards were singing it in all the places.

 

Atharva Veda  mentions Puranas with the Richs, the Samans and the Yajus (11-7-24)

The Satapata Brahmana (850 BCE composition according to foreign authors) called Ithihasa-Purana and certain other compositions as ‘honey offering to the God’s and commands their daily study (11-5-6-8)

 

In the Chandogya Upanishad, Narada mentioned the subjects he had studied in which Ithihasa- Purana comes immediately after four Vedas. So it is clear by the time of Bramanas, Ithihasa-Purna existed in its original form.

 

There are 18 major Puranas (see my two earliers posts on Puranas for more details). The internal evidence shows that they were written at different periods. By the time of Guptas,they got the present form.

Narrator of most of the Puranas is Romaharshana or his son Ugrasrava. Brahma, Vayu and Matsya Puranas were the oldest of the 18 Puranas. We see a clear pattern in the later Puranas. Brahma Purana is called the Adi (old, original) Purana.

 

Brahmanda Purana followed Vayu;

Padma Purana followed Matsya;

Agni Purana followed Brahma.

 

A comparison of the 12 later Puranas  shows that the version of each of them approximates to one or the other of the three ancient Puranas.

Vishnu Purana came after this.

 

Vayu Purana’s origin itself shows that it is very old. In the olden days Hindus had a very beautiful system which is not seen anywhere in the wolrd. They had conference inside the deep forest for 12 long years. Romaharshana recited the Vayu Purana deep inside the Naimisaranya (Forest named after King Nimi).

They had havans, scholarly deliberations, editing, compiling, revising during the 12 year period. Even daily recitation of it was considered sacred. We see even later day Tamil kings giving grants for reciting Ithihasa- Puranas in the temples.

 

Puranas were relegated to backstage because of some defects:

 

1.Winternitz says that the Puranas were passed into the hands of lower rank priesthood, who used them for the glorification of local deities. Even now we see such a trend in ‘sthala puranas’.

 

 

2.New editors gave wrong origin to many ancient dynasties. As the time passed they mixed up and merged two or three dynasties, because they could not understand them. When the brothers ruled different parts as juniors or a different clan ruled a smaller area the confusion arose (we see such trends in Tamil Chera Kings and Pandya kings; nothing to do with Puranas; just as an example I am giving this)

 

3.A  lot of exaggeration was there because it was for general public.

 

4.Editors who were lacking historical sense gave fabulous ages to ruling dynasties

 

King Alarka of Kasi is said to have ruled 66000 years; Rama ruled for 24,000 years.

But Vedas repeated in numerous places that the human life span is 100 years. Only Mahidasa Aitareya lived for 116 years; Dirgatamas lived for 100 years.

My comments:

 

We see this even in Sumerian history and Tamil Sangam History. wherever thousand comes we have to delete the three zeroes. Patajnjali in Mahabhasya approached this problem in a scientific way and worked out Rama ruled for 24 years.

 

5.We see many kings with same names. It is possible even today. But Puranic reciters or editors got mixed up with them. A Dasaratha ruled Mitanni region (Turkey, Iraq) in 1400 BCE. Another Dasaratha is found before Rama’s father. Most famous Dararatha was Rama’s father. Emperor Asoka’s grandson was also named Dasaratha. When such things came Pauranics recited or concocted new stories.

 

Manu Vaivasvata who was a king is mentioned in the Rig Veda. Later Manu samvarani who was not a king is also mentioned. His son Nabanedhista was shown as the son of Vaivasvata Manu. Two ‘Saryatis’, two Yayatis also led to lot of confusion.

 

  1. Rishi names such as Vasishta and Visvamitra are found in different ages. Actually they are Gotra names. Tamils have lot of Agastyas in different ages in different locations from te Vindhyas to Java  in Indonesia. All Vasithas shown having Arundhati as wife!

 

7.The identification of different persons was carried to an absurd limit when historical persons were confused with mythological beings and even planets or other objects bearing the same names.

 

For instance Indra, Surya/sun and Chandra/moon figure in most of the names from Kashmir to Kandy in Sri Lanka. With all the modern day communication, mass media and social media we sift them. Even then some confusion arises.

 

  1. Puranic editors deliberately introduced divine beings in the life of famous persons. In our time many people called themselves Avatars of so and so or Reincarnation of God etc. Lakhs of people believed them. It happened in the olden days leading to big confusion in later periods. (E.g. Sathya Sai Baba called himself an avatar of Shirdi Sai Baba)

9.Puranic editors added miracles in the lives of many. When great adventures or extraordinary events happened they attributed miracles. When Agastya laid a land route through the Vindhya mountains they called Agastya ‘belittled’ Vindhya mountain (Vindhya Garva Bhanga). When Agastya took a naval force to South East Asia, they interpreted it as Agastya drank the sea. This is a symbolic language. But Puranic reciters without understanding it said that he really drank the ocean. Bhagirata diverted the Ganges into new plains; Indra did it during Vedic times. Parasurama reclaimed saline and of Kerala and converted them as inhabitable area. Several Pandyas did this. But Tamil literature said that the Pandya king threw the spear in anger and the sea went back.

 

In short ignorance, communication gap, exaggeration, poor editing, mix ups, false interpretations, attributing miracles without understanding ancient way of presentation (symbolic language) and deliberate distortions for favors from kings—all these earned the Puranas a bad name.

–subham–