God is Wild Fire, Guru is a Lamp! (Post No.3852)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 26 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 8-27 am

Post No. 3852

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Why do we need a Guru? A spiritual teacher. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and an anonymous Tamil poets give different answers.

 

An anonymous Tamil poet in the Tamil didactic work Neethi Venpa says:

God is like wild fire and Guru is like a lamp. When we need heat, and fire we don’t go to wild fire. We just use the lamp to drive darkness or light another lamp or to get fire to light the oven or gas stove. God’s grace is everywhere, but not all of us can use it. A little lamp can be used by every one. Gurus are like the lamps, easily accessible and usable.

Chess Game and Guru

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa says,

At a game of chess, the on-lookers ca tell what the correct move is, better than the players themselves. Men of the world think that they are very clever, but they are attached to the things of the world – money, honours sense pleasures etc. As they are actually engaged in the play, it is hard for them to hit upon the right move.

 

Holy men who have given up the world are not attached to worldly objects. They are like the on-lookers at a game of chess.  They see things in their true light and can judge men better than the men of the world. Hence, in living the holy life, one must put faith only in the words of those who meditate upon god and who have realised Him. If you seek legal advice, will you not consult lawyers who are in the profession? Surely you will not take the advice of the man in the street.

 

Single Guru is a Must:

What is the necessity of calling a particular man our Guru instead of  calling everyone who teaches us something by that designation? When going to a strange country, one must abide by the  directions of the guide who knows the way. Taking the advice of many would lead to utter confusion. So in trying to reach God one must implicitly follow the advice of one single guru who knows the way to God.

 

24 Upa Gurus!

The Guru is only one but Upa Gurus (subsidiary teachers) may be many. He is an Upa guru from anything whatsoever is learned. The Great Avadhuta, (an ascetic of a high order in the Bhagavata) had 24 such upa gurus.

 

–Subham —

Madurai Temple Tunnel and Soma Plant of Vedas (Post No. 3844)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 23 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 19-35

Post No. 3844

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

More Q and A

 

Hi,
Sir myself xyz from Madurai. I m a B.E Graduate,

I m very MUCH interested in meenatchi amman temple .

I have a question; are there any hidden secret tunnels in meenatchi amman temple?

MY ANSWER:

Yes. There is one TUNNEL connecting the temple and the Tirumalai Nayak Palace. Now they have blocked the entrance. In my childhood days they used to show it. Even now with the modern equipment we can easily find it. We need the temple authority’s permission to do it.

(I want to do carbon dating on the dried up Kadamba tree inside the temple as well. We need temple authority’s permission; this will help us to date the temple complex.)

 

xxx

Soma Plant

 

I read your “Confusion about Vedic Soma Plant” article.

 

So, do u have any conclusion that which is soma and where we will get it ????

 

 

Dear G……….. (replied on 19th April 2017)

 

IF it is available today, they would have marketed it today like thousands of alcoholic drinks.

 

IF the foreigners accounts are true, they would have sold 1000 s of bottles of those mushrooms and plants.

 

No one knows what it is. It is EXTINCT.

 

Even in the days of Vedas, it was very difficult to get it (That is what the Vedas say)

 

In the modern days, they used alternative plants instead of Soma plant in the Yanjnas (Fire Sacrifices).

 

In short, no one has identified it yet, because it is not there or somewhere in the Himalayas it is available, but no one knows where it is.

 (Foreign frauds wrote whatever that will get them publicity; if they have identified the SOMA PLANT, they would have first got the patent  for Soma Rasa, and then only they would have published the article; in short they are not scholars; frauds with ulterior motives)

 

xxx

 

Tantra Texts

Another reader wanted more information on Tantra texts and comments.

 

Dear D. P.

 

Thanks for reading my articles.

 

I did not write much about Tantra.

I have written two articles where I have mentioned Vamacharam (Tantra)

 

There are more on the same subject:
1.Is your Husband a Leftist or a Rightist?

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1396; Dated 7th November 2014.

 

2.Hindu Mudras in Egyptian and Sumerian Statues

7 October 2012

3.The Wonders of Sound (Post No.3568)

23 January 2017

 

4.The Secret of Sri Yantra (Post No.3571)

24 January 2017

5.Alexey Pavlovich Kulaichev on the Secrets of Sri Yantra (Post No.3637)

15 February 2017

 

Keep Reading.

I will write more about it soon.

Dated 30 March 2017

 

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Human Sacrifice (Nara Bali)

 

Hello Swami

 

I am an anthropologist from Rome, my name is xyz, and i am very interested about traditional Indian rituals, as the:

 

Human Sacrifice (Nara Bali) in India 

 

Do you have more infos about it? or someone to contact for?

 

cheers and thank you for helping me

 

L………………………. April 1 2017

 

My Reply

 

Dear L………………….

 

Thanks for reading my blog.

 

So far I have written four articles in my blog.

I have published the same in Tamil and English.
Nothing more to add at the moment:

Following are my articles:

1.Human Sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt

Posted on 31 October 2012

2.Human Sacrifice (Nara Bali) in India (Post No.3244); posted on 12 October 2016 

3.Human Sacrifice practised by the Kondhs! (Post No3225); 7 October 2016

 4.Blood Thirsty Dravidians’! (Post No.3265); posted on 18 October 2016

 

Swami

 

 

xxxxx

 

100,000 Hindu Temples

 

My name is P. I am PhD student in Computer Science and enthusiast of Hindu Temples.

 

I am looking forward to creating an ambitious list of all temples in India as part of my research. I came across your blog titled ‘108,000 temples inn India’. I was curious to know how you arrived at this figure and other figures like 34,000 in Tamil nadu and 43,000 in Kerala. Any help and information will help my research greatly.
Thanks in advance,

Miss P.

 

Dear Miss P…………….

 

The lists are with the governments of the respective states. If you write to them they MAY provide you Or else you have to go to thousands of temple sites like mandirnet, templenet and gather all the details. It is a hard work. Someone has to do it. Every temple has got its own website.

 

Good Luck.

swami

 

I am answering more questions; I will publish them separately.

 

–Subham—-

Significance of Number 24 in Two Religions (Post No.3834)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 20 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 20-34

 

Post No. 3834

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com 

 

“Many striking similarities have been pointed out by various scholars between Hinduism and Zoroastrianism. It is trite to observe that the sisterhood of Veda and Zend Avesta stands already established; and the present-day Parsi and Hindu manners exhibit an incontestable affinity on the occasions of birth, marriage and death, which are the chief performances held holy and dear as ceremonials among the two sister communities”, says S S Mehta in an article published in 1930, in Dr Modi Memorial Volume.

 

Following is a summary of his article:

“The third stanza of the 30th Yasna and also the fourth give us a clue to suppose that the age of the Brahmanic literature in India corresponds to the age of Zoroaster.

“Now the two primal spirits who revealed themselves in vision as Twins, are what is Better and what is Bad in thought, word and action. And between these two, the wise ones chose aright; the foolish not so.

 

And when these twain spirits came together in the beginning, they established Life and Not-Life, and at the last worst existence shall be to the liars, but the Best Thought to him that follows the Right (asaone)”

 

The two primal spirits correspond to the Purussha and Parkruthi of the Sankhya philosophy. Prakruti is dull-dead i.e Not Life and Purusha is Life. Good and evil were co-eternal in the past, or they arose together in the beginning

 

Ancient Iranians presented sacrifice to the moon, the stars, the winds and the mother elements – the symbols or rather embodiments of Good- of Life. He brought out the Number 24 as also did the follower of  the Samkhya philosophy out of the Two Primal Spirits, from which these became naturally evolved.

 

After the Indo-Iranian split, Semitic culture predominated Iran; and still earlier Western Aryans developed cultural traits that differed greatly from the Eastern Aryans. The Parsi lays stress upon the worship of one God Ahura (Asura) Varuna of the Vedas; manifested in two forms the so called Twin Spirits – Purusha and Prakruti; or Brahma and Maya; whose life- interplay brings out all manifested forms. These manifested forms of the objective world are guided by the great Law of Action and Re-action i.e. the great Law of Karma; and the same is based upon the religious scriptures that propounds the various aspects of Duty, or in other words, service not to humanity alone but to the universe. These constitute the essence of Hinduism as well as Zoroastrianism.

 

Zoroastrianism has many common points with Hinduism. Some critics brand both equally as having favoured the idea of pluralistic godhead.  Edward ( of Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics) favours the idea of progressive monotheism which is naturally based on the notion of evolution from a state of savageness to one of civilization. In a sense, moreover, plurality may be regarded as inseparable from Divinity.

24 Gods in Zoroastrianism

 

Zoroastrianism gives the precise number of gods as four and twenty. Well known Sankhya philosophy has promulgated the idea of Divinity as based upon 24 Tattvas. They are Prakruti (Nature) from which are produced the following 23 i.e. the intellect, the consciousness, the five subtle elements, the five grosser elements, the five senses of perception, the five organs of action and mind; thus, the whole total reaches 24.

 

The number 24 is identified with the constellation and stars that are regarded as symbols of Divinity. Prof. Cumont takes these gods to be the 24 stars outside the zodiac- 12 in the northern and 12 in the southern hemispheres. Zimmern tries to take the 24 constellations that revolve around the polar star as the 24 Spiritual Kings of the Book of Revelation.

 

The very word Ahura Mazda in the singular number denotes the One Omniscient God and in the plural form it signifies the sense of 24 most glorious Siddhas – as will be evident from Yasna 28-9, which says,

“With these bounties, O Ahura, may we never provoke your wrath, O Mazda and Right and Best Thought  … Ye are they that are mightiest to advance desires and Dominion of Blessings.

 

24 In The Bible

Now in the Christian Bible God is described by John as one seated on the throne from which proceed thunder and lightnings and which is surrounded by four and twenty seats, on which sit the 24 Elders, all robed in white and wearing crowns of gold. The same idea occurs also in the Jain philosophy – the idea of the One in the 24 and 24 in the one.

 

( My comments: There were 24 Jain Tirtankaras; there are 24 syllables in the Gayatri Metre and Mantra- the most sacred mantra found in all the Hindu Vedas).

 

Please read my article posted yesterday: India- Iran Vedic Connection( Post No.3831)

 

–subham–

 

 

India- Iran Vedic Connection (Post No.3831)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 19 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 6-55 am

 

Post No. 3831

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com 

 

In the first part titled “Who was Zoroaster? Why did Parses Return to India, I gave  20 points listed by Dattopant Thengadi and what Kanchi Paramacharya (1894-1994) told us about Zoroaster (Please see at the end for the details)

 

Today I give below some interesting points discussed by Professor Herman Lommel:

1.It is a well known fact that old India and Iran have in common many related traditions, mythical conceptions, tales and legends. We need mention only such names as Soma, Mitra, Vrtrahan, Yama, Apam Napat, Vayu, Trita Aptya in order to recall the memory of those versed in these things a much debated domain of associations.

(all the above are in Rig Veda and Persian scriptures; I  add Usana Kavi, the great poet of Rig Veda and Varuna which are also found in Persian)

 

2.We see some other Vedic concepts in the teachings of Zarathushtra (Zoroaster). i.e. principall ythose in the Gathas. We can again suggest correlatives with a few catch words:

Rta in the Vedas= asa in Gathas

aramati = armaiti

Purandhi = Parendi

3.There is a systematic connection in the Zarathushtrian doctrine between Asa as a spiritual and heavenly power and FIRE as its earthly corporeal counterpart. And this has parallel I the Vedic religion in the relationship between Agni, the God of Fire and Rta.

Cinvat Bridge

4.The chief point to be discussed here is the Cinvat Bridge. Earth and heaven are separated by a space, empty except for the wind. In order to go from the earth to the heaven one must pass through this intermediate space. Only the soul is capable of such an act, so that except for special cases like that of Arda Vira, it must take place after death. So far these ideas are not Iranian singularities, but are rather widely spread. The old Indian views are at any rate very similar. The path by which  one can cross this empty space is the bridge. The wind will help the good people to go to heaven and the bad people will be made to fall into hell.

 

5.In the Rig Veda the bridge occurs only once (RV.9-41) as a figure of speech and not at a as a path into the other life. We find this conception however in the Yajur Veda. Kathakam 28-4: “By means of the midday pressing the gods entered into the world of heaven. Their steps and ladder were the ‘dakshinas’. If one offers dakshina, one crosses a bridge and enters the world of heaven.

 

This is found in Maitrayani Samhita (4-8-3), Taittiriya Samhita (6,5 3-3) and Satapata Brahmana (13-2-10-1).

 

Upanishads also (Brh14-7-2-27; Chando 8-4-1; Kathaka 3-2) talk about the bridge.

 

More often than to crossing of a bridge occur references to steps or rungs of a ladder which one must climb. The symbol of the bridge is used in a sense which corresponds to the philosophy of the Upanishads; one reaches the Brahman world through recognition of Atman and faithfulness to him.

  1. I search for the meaning in another direction. In the language of the Avesta for instance Apam Napat (Vedic God) means the crossing of the water. In the sense the crossing, the ford or the bridge over the water. Cinvat Bridge can therefore mean the crossing over that which is Cinvat.

 

7.When the soul arrives in the world beyond, the other souls come to meet it. Zarathushtra himself says so only with a reference to perdition (Y-49-11). Later it is told with reference to paradise. Strangely similar is the report in Kausitaki Upanishad, 1-3 of what Brahman says upon the arrival of a deceased person in that other world: “run to meet him through my glory he has attained to the ageless stream, truly he shall not grow old”.

8.According to Rig Veda (10-154-1) ghee among, other things is eaten in heaven which corresponds to the raoghna zaramaya, the spring butter (Had.N.2-18).

 

 

  1. In the same way we can compare with the sweet scent which blows from the southern quarters to the soul of the pious on the third morning after death (Had.N.2-18) – i.e. shortly before his arrival in the world beyond – the aggregable and beneficent winds which according to the Atharva Veda (18-2-21) the fathers and Yama waft toward the deceased (not the wind which blows them thither, as Whitney translates).

 

10.According to old Hindu belief the heavenly courtesans receive the deceased, while to the Zoroastrian his own Daena appears and the pleasures are spiritualised. That the Daena appears as a glorious damsel is in V.19.30 (but not in the Gathas).

 

11.I need mention only the well-known fact that the two dogs which accompany the Daena (V.19-33) and which guard the bridge (V.13-9) originate in the Hindu mythology.

 

12.I might also observe that the locality of the Cinvat Bridge and the sojourn of the souls, which are neither good nor bad, “in wind” remind us somewhat of the numerous references in India to the belief of the “self” (atman RV 10-16-3) or its vital breath or spirit goes to the wind when it dies.

 

 

13.Every reader of the Veda is acquainted with the references to the rain as semen engenders life on earth. This is very clearly expressed, but also embellished with the idea of metempsychosis, in the passage mentioned in the Kausitaki Upanishad (1-2). The moon lets the soul, which cannot answer its questions satisfactorily, turn to rain and fall upon the earth, from which animals are born. It is probably an earlier idea, at any rate it coincides more nearly with the Iranian. (according to Chandogya Upanishad 5-10-6 which says all plants originate in this way). Compare with this Bundahis (9-2).

 

I do not know whether the primitive natural science theory common to old Indians and Iranians that the plants spring from the rain-water, can be found by other peoples or not.

 

(Summary of the article “Some corresponding conceptions in old India and Iran” written by Prof.Herman Lommel in the Dr.Modi Memorial volume, published in 1930)

–Subham–

From my old article posted in 2013

“Why Did Parsees ‘Return’ to Gujarat?”

 

By London Swaminathan; Post No 759 dated 25th December 2013

Who was Zoroaster?

 

The date and the birth place of Zoroaster are not yet settled. He is placed between 6th and 10th centuries BC. Two interesting details point out that he was born in Saurashtra area in Gujarat. Kanchi Paramacharya (Shankaracharya) Swamikal said in one of his talks that Zoroaster was from Saurashtra. The reason for Parsees coming back to Gujarat after the persecution by Muslims in Iran also confirms they were from Gujarat. Kanchi Paramacharya Swamikal on Zoroaster Kanchi Shankaracharya in his talk in Chennai in 1932 says: “Now Parsees are worshipping Agni (fire). Their scripture is called Zend Avesta. It is Chando Avasta.Their Acharya (teacher) was Zoroaster. This is the distorted form of Saurashtrar. Their country was called Iran. This is the distorted form of Arya Desa.” Sri Shankaracharya repeated the same in a talk again on 17-11-1932.

There is another interesting story of Parsees migration into Gujarat when Yadhava Rana (Jadi Rana) was ruling. His date was not known. He might have ruled in 10th century. When the Parsees were persecuted by the Muslims in Iran, they came to India. Why did they come to Gujarat in India? Because it was their original home .There was an interesting meeting between the Parsee priests. When Yadhava Rana was informed about the new immigrants he came with a glass of milk. The milk was filled to the brim. He showed it to the priests to convey the message that the area was full and no place for the new people. The wise priests put some sugar into it meaning we won’t displace any of you, but mingle with your people like sugar in milk. To this day the Parsees kept their word. Their contribution to the development of India was great in all fields from Nuclear reactors to big Steel industries. They are a peace loving community.

 

I think Zoroaster was a rebel and went to another country to start a rival group. That justifies their scriptures calling Devas of India as Asuras and vice verse. But yet they did not differ on basic issues. They still praised Varuna and Mithra. I reproduce Dattopant Thengadi’s article below which gives a good comparison of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism:

 

Zend Avesta—A Neglected Hindu Scripture By D B Thengadi written on 22-2-67 (From his book The Perspective, page 32) “ The Vishva Hindu Parishad is trying to bring together Hindus all over the world on a common platform. Hence it is necessary and useful that a thorough research is conducted into our many neglected scriptures. If these scriptures continue to be neglected the blame lies squarely on our own shoulders. The scriptural text of our Parsi brethren- Zend Avesta—falls into this category. There searches made by Prof. Max Muller, Dr Hang, L.H.Mills, Sir William Jones and others throw on that scripture much light which reveals some important facts:

 

1.Zend Avesta is a corrupt form of Chhanda Avastha. 2.At least sixty percent of the words in Zend Avesta are of pure Sanskritic origin. 3.There is grammatic similarity in the language of the Vedas and the Avesta. 4.The corruption of Sanskrit words has followed a particular pattern.For example, Sanskritic ‘ta’ has changed into ‘tha’ in the Avesta; ‘swa’ into ‘sya’, ‘ha’ into ‘ja’ and ‘sa’ into ‘ha’. Even in Arabic, the Sanskrit ‘sa’ has becpme’ha’.

 

5.Aryamana in Sanskrit means both a ‘friend’ and ‘God’. In the Avesta also Airyamana means the same. In Sanskrit ‘Mitra’ has three meanings—Sun, Friend ad God Mithr in the Avesta also means the same three things. Gau has the same two meanings—cow and earth—in both the languages. 6.The Vedic and Avesta language are two forms of the same language. 7.Many prosodies of the Vedas such as Gayathri, Trishtup, Anustupha, Asuri, Ushati etc. are to be found in the Avesta. 8.The institution of Yajna, its different types and tools ae treated similarly in both. They give the same importance to Soma and Homa. 9.Both deal with the significance and worship of Agni (Fire). 10.Both refer to the importance of the Gau (cow) and Gomutra (Urine of the cow).

 

11.The Parsis are described as Arya and Aryatva is praised in the Avesta.

12.There is surprising similarity in the views of both about metaphysics, cosmology, the process of the evolution of the universe etc.

  1. The Thirty Three Gods in the Vedas resemble the Thirty Three Rathus in the Avesta. 14.The Avesta recognises the concepts of rebirth and Karma. 15.The Cow is considered as the representative of the entire society in the Avesta.

 

 

16.There is a reference to ancient metaphysics in the Avesta. 17.The Parsis also have the Sacred Thread ceremony. It is called Kushati. 18. The social order described in the Avesta is similar to Chaturvarnya. 19.The Brahmin is referred to as ‘athrva’, ‘atharvana’ and the Kshatriya as rathesto, ratheshta in the Avesta. 20.Dr. Hang concludes that Brahmins and Prsis are two different types of the same caste.

 

 

Against the background of all these facts, it is our duty to consider Zend Avesta as a neglected Hindu scripture and conduct proper research into it. (From the book THE PERSPECTIVE by D.B.Thengadi, 1971) Contact swami_48@yahoo.com; pictures are used from other websites; thanks. Pictures are taken from Wikipedia and other websites;thanks.

 

–Subham–

 

Nayan Tara Temple in Syria with Mysterious Foot Prints! (Post No.3799)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 8 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 13-47

 

Post No. 3799

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

The latest book on The Hittite Civilization has new information on Hittites Gods. They ruled Parts of modern Syria and Turkey.

The very name of the country SYRIA comes for the Sanskrit word Surya. Sun God worship is the most popular in ancient Syria. Hittites who ruled for 400 years between 1600 BCE and 1200 BCE spoke old form of Sanskrit (Indo-European) and worshipped Sun God (Surya).

 

I have identified at least three Hindu Gods in the pantheon.

 Lion from the temple (wikipedia picture)

 

My research shows they worshiped

(1).  Twelve Adityas (12 forms of Surya)

(2).Goddess Nayanatara (Ayn Dara in Hittite language)

(3).Varuna (Tarunhas)

Linguistics show that some time the initial letters are dropped (Nayn Dara= Ayn Dara) and initial letters are changed (T=V; tarunhas=Varuna)

 

The oldest religious book Rig Veda has all the three gods and goddesses.

 

Nayanatara= Ayn Dara

Nayan Tara means Star of the eyes (iris). It is a popular Hindu name for girls. Nayantara saghal, novelist, related to Jawaharlal Nehru (India’s first prime minister) is one example. Nayan Tara got corrupted and became Ayn Dara in Syria. Hindus worship goddess in different forms. One of them is Eye of the Goddess; It is worshipped even now in the Naina Devi temple in Himachal Pradesh, India (Naina=Nayana=Eye)  . It is a very popular temple attracting thousands of devotees with EYE of the goddess as the main symbol. It is one of the 51 Shakti Kendras (51 Centres of Goddess Parvati).

 

Ayn Dara Temple near Aleppo in Syria

Ain Dara temple in Syria belongs to 1300 BCE. It is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. It is similar to Solomon temple (Word Solomon is also Sanskrit word meaning Surya; Solar=Surya=Solomon=Sulaiman in Arabic).

Nayantara statues are available in Nepal.

As Hindus worship the same Goddess Durga with 51 different names in 51 Goddess temples on the Indian Sub Continent, Middle East people worshipped goddess as Ishtar, Ashtarte (to the Babylonians), Ashtoreth (to the Hebrews), Douga/Durga (in Tunis), Kathayee (in Carthage ) and several other names. If one reads the attributes of the gods, one wold find out that it is one and the same. (Douga and Carthage are place names – named after goddess).

 

In the Middle East there 3000 gods and goddesses like we find in Hinduism. For a Hindu, it is easy to understand. Same God Shiva is having 1000s of names around India and it is same with Lord Vishnu. Each one has got one special story in these places. For a layman, everything looks different. For a scholar, it is the same God with different names. It is same in the West Asia.

Nayana Devi (nainadevi) Temple in Himachal Pradesh.

 

There are some proofs to conclude that Ayn Dara was a Hindu temple.

1.Big Lion statues are excavated; lion is the vahana (mount) of Hindu Goddess Durga; even today all the temples take the goddess on lion statue during Hindu festivals in India.

  1. The second proof is the discovery of Massive Foot Prints in front of the temple. I have already explained the worship of foot prints and sandals in my two research articles (see below for the links).

3.One foot step goes into the temple; that is right foot; Hindus are supposed to put the right foot first into the house; newlywed Hindu brides must use her right foot when she comes into the house.

4.Hindus use Foot prints even today to show that god is coming into the house. All the Hindus draw the symbol of foot prints of Lord Krishna on the Birth day of Krishna (Janmashtami) from the gate up to the prayer room inside the house.

5.The whole region of Syria and Turkey were under Hindu rule for 1000 years under the Kassites, Hittites and Mitanni. The world has recognised Mitannian civilization as the Hindu Civilization because of the clay tablets showing Rig Vedic Gods and Sanskrit numbers and Sanskrit names Dasaratha (tushratta), Pratardhana, Sathya Sila =hattusa=hattusili

( Please read my article about Bogazkoy; it is available in all encyclopaedias.)

6.Hindu Girls were married to Egyptian Pharaohs (Please read Amarna letters, Dasaratha letters; Kikkuli’s horse manual;available in all encyclopaedias and in my articles)

7.Hindus have thousand names/Sahasranama for all the gods. Most famous are of Vishnu, Lalita and Shiva. Hittites also used the word THOUSAND GODS OF HATTI. Hittites were polytheists. (hatti=Hittite=Kshatri/ya).

 

Hittite religion is an amalgam of beliefs, cults and traditions drawn from different regions and cultures.

12 Adityas from Wikipedia; location Yazilikaya, Turkey

Varuna:

The main deity of the Hittite Kingdom was the Storm God TARHUNA. It is the Vedic God Varuna , changed as Taruna. He was considered king of all gods. He was a celestial God that brought storms and therefore thunder and lightning were his attributes. It looks similar to Vedic God INDRA. But even in India, when they need rains, they do Varuna Japa (Prayers to Varuna) and not to Indra. His consort was the Sun Goddess of Arinna. It is similar to Gayatri (Sun Goddess). Apart from these Gods, local and regional deities  joined the Hittite pantheon and new names and new stories were created.

 

Like Hindus, the Hittites considered the sun ,the moon and the stars as Gods. They believed in astrology, predictions and foecasts.

 

Dwadasa (12) Adityas at Yazilikaya

Dwadasa means Twelve; Aditya means Suns. The twelve Adityas represent 12 months of Sun’s orbit. They are Vedic deities. 12 Adityas were sculptured on huge rocks of Yazilikaya Rock Temple (Please see the picture).

 

My Old Articles:

Hindu Wonders in a Muslim Country!

Posted on 12 May 2012

Why Do Hindus Worship Shoes?

Posted on 15 August 2012

The Sandals- posted on 24 April 2013

 

 

–Subham–

Interesting Funerary Customs during Ramayana Period (Post No.3782)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 2 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 15-30

 

Post No. 3782

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

There are very interesting funerary customs in Valmiki Ramayana. Since they are only minor details, many of us miss them. Some of the dead were cremated; some were buried. We don’t know why. Let us look at them one by one:-

 

Bhagiratha performing the funeral rites for his ancestors occurs in the Balakanda. Bhagiratha made the Ganges water to flow on the ashes of ancestors and liberated them. He also performed the funeral rites with the sacred water in accordance with the tradition.

Here we come across some important points:

1.Dissolving the ashes of the dead in Ganges water existed at least from the days of Bhagiratha. Even today Hindus dying in different parts of the world, make arrangements for their ashes to be dissolved in the Holy Ganges. From Vedic days, Hindus were mostly cremated.

2.Even During Bhagiratha’s days there was a tradition of performing funeral rites.

3.Water is used in all the rites.

  1. In the Rig Veda, the oldest religious book in the world and in the Sangam Tamil literature, we come across both burials and cremations.

 

When Dasaratha died….

Dasaratha’s body was immersed in a vat of oil for preservation.

 

“Raising the body of King Dasaratha from the earth, where it had been immersed in oil, seeming as it were asleep, the face like the colour of gold, he (Bharata) placed it on a magnificent couch, adorned with every kind of precious stones, and, plunged in grief, said to his father……”

(Ayodhya Kanda, Chapter 76)

Vasishtha said to him, “ O Valiant Prince, without hesitation or repining, carry out the funeral rites of the king that should be performed”.

Be it so! answered Bharata, and obedient to Vasishtha’s command, he summoned the priests speedily from all side with their attendants and sages. The fires for that Indra among men were prepared outside Agnyagara (Fire Chamber) and kindled in accord with the rituals by the priests and sacrificial attendants. Thereafter the servants placing the body of the king on a litter, with dejected minds bore it away, weeping the while; the people scattering gold, silver and cloths of many kinds went before the king, whilst others assembled sandal wood, sweet aloes and different fragrant essences with heaps of Sarala, Devadaru and Padmaja wood in order to build the funeral pyre. Then drawing near where the king lay, the Ritvijas offered sandal, stalks of water lilies, sweet roots and perfumes, and, pouring oblations into the fire, began the recitation of the silent prayer; thereafter, as laid down in the scriptures, the singers of the Sama Veda started their chanting.

Then the women of the inner apartments left the city in palanquins and chariots according to their rank, escorted by aged guards; and the priests circumambulated the royal pyre, keeping it on their left and the women plunged in grief followed, led by Kauslaya. Thereupon piercing cries, like unto ospreys, arose, which was the wailing of the women, who in their despair emitted innumerable plaints as they descended from their chariots on to the banks of the Sarayu River.

Having performed the water ritual (The Funeral rites consist of two parts, the burning and the cooling of the body by libations, called Tarpana. Each attending is required to offer an Anjali of water – that which can be contained in the hollow of the hands – to the deceased.), the wives of the monarch, as also the counsellors and priests, in company with Bharata, returned to the city, their eyes bathed in tears, and for ten days, observing deep mourning, slept on the ground.

(The Smriti lays down twelve days for the kings and sixteen for other Kshatriyas, but the sage Parasara fixes ten days for Kshatriyas in general).

My comments:

1.Hindus and the Government of India observe a mourning period of ten to thirteen days until today.

2.Funeral pyre is made up of sandal, aloe, agar and other fragrant woods.

3.Holy water from different sources are used

  1. Our forefathers knew the technique of preserving dead bodies. Since Bharata had to travel very fast in Chariot from the border of Iran-Afghanistan to Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh (India), Chief Priest ordered the body to be preserved in medicinal oil.
  2. Royal women also came in palanquins to attend the funeral.

6.Note that there was no Suttee (wives dying with husband in the funeral pyre); all the three queens returned home after bathing in Sarayu.

7.Tarpan (water oblation) continues until today. We can’t see such a continuity in any other parts of the world. For over 5000 years the ceremonies are kept almost intact. Only now it is changing because relatives have spread far and wide.

  1. Going around the dead body in the anti-clock wise direction is done even today.

Chapter 77 of Ayodhya Kanda gives following details: –

Ten days have passed; on the eleventh day Bharata and Shatrugana fainted during the ceremonies; those who watched them also felt sad. The bothers fell like Indra Dwaja (standard).

 

This simile use in the chapter twice shows Valmiki lived long before other poets. Indra dwaja (flag of Indra) is knocked down during the festival. Tamils also celebrated according to Tamil epics. But later it stopped.

 

On the 13th day, the virtuous and gentle spiritual preceptor Vasishtha said, “O,Lord, this is the thirteenth day since the death of your father. Why do you delay in collecting the bones and ashes? All beings, without exception, suffer three things. Once cannot eschew them.”

 

Three things= Hunger and thirst, Pleasure and pain, Life and Death.

 

Then helped by the Chief Minister Sumantra both brothers completed the funeral rites.

In some communities, the ashes are collected on the second day and the ceremony finishes on the 12th day; on the thirteenth day, they do the purification ceremony.

 

We will see what Rama did with the bodies of demons, Bird King Jatayu and others in the next article.

 

Source book: The Ramayana of Valmiki, Translated by Hari Prasad Shastri

 

—Subham–

 

Hindu Sages and Hermitages in Kalidasa’s Works (Post No.3779)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 1 April 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 16-27

 

Post No. 3779

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Kalidasa is superb in describing the conditions of the Tapovanams (Ashram/Hermitage) in ancient India. He is very good in describing the appearance of Hindu seers and their penance. One would love to live in such a condition where there was peace everywhere. Even the animals who have natural enmity between themselves behaved very well. He portrays seers who are not Brahmins as well. He shows us some women seers too.

 

From his seven works, we come to know that people from other castes also did penance and they had obtained equal power. We have such examples earlier in our epics in the characters of Viswamitra, Vrtra of Rig Veda, Ravana and others.

 

In the Valmiki Ramayana and Raghuvamsa (of Kalidasa) we have two examples: one who cursed Dasaratha because he shot down his son mistaking him for an elephant. Another one at the end of the book, who was doing penance hanging upside down. All these portrayals explode the myths of Aryan, Dravidian divisions. Everyone could do penance and obtain powers. Women also did penance as we see in Vikrama Urvasiyam and Kumarasambhava.

Here below are some quotations from his books:-

 

Sakuntalam Act I

King:“Suta, urge the horses on and let us purify ourselves with a sight of the holy Hermitage.

Suta: As your Gracious Majesty orders

King: Suta, even without being told, it is palin that we are now at the outskirts of the penance-groves.

Suta: How can you tell, my lord?

King: Do you not see, sir? Right here:

Grains of wilde rice fallen from tree-hollows

where parrots nest, lie scattered under trees;

those stones here look moist, glossy, from the oil

of Ingudi-nuts split and pounded on them;

all around, deer browse in their tranquil haunts,

unafraid of the chariot’s approach; yonder,

droops of water dripping off the edgs of bark-garments

in long line, trace the paths to pools and streams.

and you see futher

Rippling beneath a passing breeze, waters flow

in deep channels to have the roots of trees;

smoke drifts up from oblations to the Sacred Fire

to dim the soft sheen of tender leaf buds;

free from fear, fawns browse lazily in meadows

beyond where Darbha shoots are closely cropped”

 

This brings us a picture of their simple life. No electricity, no tansport, no mobile internet or TV or Radio! A world full of peace and happiness.

Later Shakuntala , the forest beauty, shows all her love and affection towards he plants and animals in the forest.

 

Act II of Sakuntalam has another beautiful description of the forest and the hermits:-

King: “Let bisons plunge into forest-pools and revel splashing,

striking the water repeatedly with their mighty horns;

let the herds of antelopes clustering in groups in the shade,

chew the cud undisturbed;

and let wild boars lining up round puddles

where the marsh-sedge grows fragrant, root peacefully in the mud

and let this my bow with its loose-knotted string

be allowed to enjoy its well-earned repose.

 

Like sun-crystals cool to the touch

vomit fiery sparks from deep wthin

if struck by another luminous power,

so, hermit’s rich in holiness

in whom Tranquillity presides,

have hidden deep a blazing energy

that leaps out to burn when aroused.

xxx

 

From his Raghuvamsa Kavya,

While the glades are darkening litters of wild boars are coming up from ponds, peacocks are turning towards the trees of their habitation, herds of deer are settling on swards – seeing such back-to-home scenes DilIpa too advanced homewards. [2-17]

xxx

Oh proud lady, this is that pleasure-lake named pacnha-apsara of sage shAtakarNi, which is surrounded with woods, and which appears, on account of the great distance, like the orb of the moon vaguely seen from among the clouds. [13-38]

 

 

Here is the unexcelled ascetic by name sage sutIkShNa, a self-controlled in his action practising asceticism in the centre of five-fires, namely four well-fuelled fires around him and the seven-horsed one, namely the Sun, scorching the forehead as the fifth fire in five-fire method of ascesis. [13-41]

 

Here that sage sutIkShna lifting up his right arm aloft, which has a rosary of rudrAkSha-s for a bracelet, which scratches the deer, and which cuts the sharp needle-ends of kusha-grass, favourably greeted my arrival at his place. [13-43]

 

This sage is a constant sun-gazer and there occurred a momentary disturbance in his gaze when an aircraft passed before his sight; then nodding at my salutation, for he bridles his speech, he again fixed his sight on the thousand-rayed sun.  [13-44]

 

This sanctifying penance-grove which is the refuge of every-body belongs to the sage named Sharabhanga who kept sacred fire and who having propitiated it with the sacred sticks for a long time ultimately offered his own body sanctified with hymns into that ritual fire. [13-45]

 

Now, after Sharabhanga had immolated himself, the task of according hospitality to guests devolved upon the trees of hermitage which were, as it were, the well behaved sons of the sage that removed the fatigue of a journey by offering their shade and that afford abundant fruits of any cherish. [13-46]

 

Oh, curvaceous lady, this chitrakUTa mountain with its mouth of a valley sending forth gurgling sounds of rapids, mud-like rainclouds attached to its horn-like apices, thus resembling a proudish bull whose cavern mouth sends forth a continuous bellowing and the tips of whose horns are smeared with mud dug up while indulging in butting against the side of a mountain, rivets my sight. [13-47]

xxx

 

Sages don’t waste their energy by cursing:

Beholding Rama on throne, the sages did not strike at the demon with their yogic-power; for, it is only in the absence of a protector that the curse-armed ones spend their asceticism. [15-3]

xxx

 

Shudra doing penance

 

Now, the descendant of Ikshvaku saw a certain individual practising asceticism, with bloodshot eyes from smoke, dangling upside down from the branch of a tree. [15-49]

 

On coming to conclusion that this individual deserved execution for his unauthorised performance of asceticism that resulted calamitous to other subjects, then the controller Rama took up his weapon. [15-51]

Rama caused his head, on which the beard and moustache have been singed by the sparks of fire and which therefore resembled a frostbitten lotus with smudged filaments, to be lopped off from the tube-like throat. [15-52]

xxx

Earlier Dasaratha was cursed by a Shudra saint that he would also die of longing for his son.

xxx

From Kumarasambhava (Canto V.15/17)

 

Now let us turn to Kumarasambhava Kavya of Kalidasa:

“And the fawns, fondled by being given handfuls of forest grain, trusted her (UMA) so far, that out of curiosity she could measure the length of her own eyes with theirs before her friends.

 

“Sages came there, desirous of seeing her, who used to take a sacred bath, to offer oblations to the fire, to wear a bark as her upper garment, and to recite sacred texts; age is no consideration in the case of those who are old in spiritual attainments.

 

“The sacred grove, too, became holy, where the previous antipathy between warring beasts was abandoned, where the guests were well gratified with the gifts of desired fruit by the trees, and where the sacred fires were kindled in newly built huts of leaves”

 

One more couplet (V-33)

 

 

Uma is asked:

“Are sacrificial wood and Kusa grass easily obtainable for holy rites? is the water suitable for your bathing? And do you practise austerities proportionate to your strength? For your body is the ultimate means of performing religious duties”

 

This shows not all the people are expected to severe penance. It should be proportionate to one’s physical and mental capacity. But women are also allowed to do penance.

 

There are many more remarks about the penance, penance- groves and seers and sages. My above quotations were only examples to show the attitude of commoners and kings towards sage and their dwelling places.

(For Kalidasa’s works, I have used various English translations–swami)

–Subham–

 

 

 

 

Questions and Answers: Where can I get books on the Vedas? (Post No.3770)

Written by by London swaminathan

 

Date: 29 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 21-07

 

Post No. 3770

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Every day I get at least one e mail asking for some details about Hinduism, Tamil Names, Word meaning and availability of books; some are personal questions which I cant share; If it is for book review I send the enquiries to my brother S Nagarajan, who writes regular book reviews. If it is regarding some astrological questions or predictions, I send it to my eldest brother S Srinivasan who does it free of cost. Since my brothers are in India they can give them quick reply in person or by phone or by email.

 

Here are a few recent questions and my answers; they may be useful to others:

Dear sir,

 

I read your articles in google, really very useful.

 

I need Atharvana Veda book in Tamil, pls help me.

 

I went to many shops, but not available.

 

Please give me the address for the book

xxxx

 

My quick reply

 

Books on Vedas in Tamil are very few and difficult to get. If you contact

 

Jayalakshmi Indological Book House  

 

Book store in Chennai, India

AddressShop No.6, Appar Swamy Koil Street,, Opp. Sanskrit College, Mylapore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600004, India

Phone+91 44 2499 0539

 

She will get them for you or tell you whether they are out of print

 

For any book on Indology, Hinduism, Sanskrit in English and Tamil, she is the best; she will provide you details.

 

1).Tamil Maran’s book on Atharvana Veda is good.

 

2).Anuragam has published one booklet on each Veda in Tamil.

 

3).Kumtham Bhakti gave a booklet each for all the Vedas some years ago.

 

xxx

 

Question on V Sahasranama

 

This Is XYZ from Dibrugarh, Assam currently I am working as

XYZ. I came to know about you through Tamil

Brahmin website. I daily recite Vishnu Sahasranamam. I am very much

eager to Know any particular slokas there to excel in studies,

research, career growth, Success etc.

 

 

My quick reply:–

 

Dear XXXX
Glad to know that you recite Vishnu Sahsranama everyday.

If you are very keen to achieve great grades and success in your studies.

please recite couplets 19 and 27

 

Sloka 19

beginning MAHABUDDHIR MAHAAVEERYA MAHAASAKTHIR……………..MAHADHRIDHRUTH

 

Sloka 27

ASANKHYEYO APRAME-YAATHMAA…………………………………….. SIDDHI SAADHANAHA

 

All the Best.

Good luck in all your endeavours.

xxxx

 

Respected Swami ji,

one thing kept me worried is about the correct pronunciation
of the slokas. I was following M.S Subbalaksmi and Sooryagayatri. I
was going through the English PDF of VS but I encountered several
mistakes in spelling for eg XXXXXXXXXXX
My question is if I make wrong pronunciation any of the slokas due to
this difference in spelling will it affect its efficacy?

 

MY Quick reply
God is Karunamurthy (FULL OF MERCY)

God just smiles at us when we do mistakes like a mother smiles at her childrens’ mistakes and enjoys. (So God wont punish us for wrong pronunciation)
But it is always good to follow correct pronunciation so that is kept intact for the future generations.
I follow MS Subbulakshmi on audio and Ramakrishna Mutt, Mylapore, Chennai book for written version.

 

Just follow that one which you think is correct or follow MS

 

xxxx

 

Some typical questions received:

Can you get me XYZ book from the British Library?

I want to name my child XYZ. Is it a Tamil name?

Can you give me some ghost stories? We want to make a feature film?

Can you give me some verses from Sangam literature portraying Navarasam ( Nie sentiments) for a dance performance?

Are there any sex boosting medicines in our scriptures?

Can you give some names about water for my business?

 

Hundreds of people have asked: Where can I sell my old Indian currency notes? You wrote that one rupee and two rupees currency fetch thousands of rupees. ( I have answered this question umpteen times.)

 

Questions on Astrology:

When will I my sufferings end?

When will I get married?

When will I get a child?

 

xxx

If you are not bored yet, read the following: –

Respected Swami ji,

Are the UFOs time travellers?

Regards, S S

 

xxxx
uncle

I just found this on Wikipedia about shenbagam (flower).

there is lots of differing opinion on it

my priest told he says its most auspicious to Siva however

another devotee told no, don’t offer it….

even in the Wikipedia article it strangely says

he can’t resist a devotee who offers him shenbagam however

it is not to be offered….it is very strange uncle. see below….

a devotee……………………

 

 

If you are a publisher or author and you want your book reviewed in our blogs please contact me at swami_48@yahoo.com

 

–Subham–

MAHABHARATA AT ONE GO! Bullet Point Summary of 18 Chapters! (Post No.3758)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 26 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 16-00

 

Post No. 3758

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Most of us including me, find it difficult to read all the 100,000 couplets, 200,000 lines, one million words in the world’s longest epic, Mahabharata. They say about this epic,

“What is found in this epic may be elsewhere;
What is not in this epic is nowhere else”.

It is an ever inspiring, never tiring and most interesting Hindu encyclopaedia. From Time travel to Test Tube Babies, from Siamese Twins surgery to Sex Change Operation – everything is here (Please look at the bottom for my research articles on these topics). Vyasa, the author of the epic, was the most prolific writer. He had compiled the voluminous Vedas as well.

 

Mahabharata has 18 chapters (Parva);

Following are the names of the 18 Parvas:

1.Adi Parva

2.Sabha Parva

3.Vana Parva

4.Virata Parva

5.Udhyoga Parva

6.Bhishma Parva

7.Drona Parva

8.Karna Parva

9.Shalya Parva

10.Sauptika Parva

11.Stri Parva

12.Shanti Parva

13.Anusasana Parva

14.Asvamedha Parva

15.Ashramavasika Parva

16.Mausala Parva

17.Mahaprastanika Parva

18.Swaraga Arohana Parva

 

IMPORTANT PARVAS

a).Longest Parva

Shanti Parva with over 14,000 slokas

 

b).Shortest Parva

Maha Prastanika Parva

 

c).Where is Bhagavad Gita in this epic?

In the Bhishma Parva

d).Where is Vishnu Sahsranama (1000 names of Lord Vishnu) in this epic?

In the Anusasana Parva

e).What is the name of the first Parva?

Adi Parva

 

f).What is the name of the last Parva?

Swarga Arohana Parva

BULLET POINTS

1.Adi Parva

The Book of the Beginning is the name of the chapter.

Beginning of the Lunar Dynasty

Birth of Pandavas and Kauravas (Kuru Dynasty)

Separate rule of 5 Pandavas and 100 Kauravas from two capitals

 

2.Sabha Parva

The Book of the Assembly Hall.

Construction of a beautiful Palace for Pandavas which kindled the jealousy of Duryodana (Kaurava Chief). Yudhisthra did a Rajasuya Yajna.

He called Pandavas for a Gambling and defeated them with the help of his uncle Sakuni.

As per the rules of the games Pandavas lost everything and banished for 12+1 year (13th year incognito)

 

3.Vana Parva (Aranya Parva)

The Book of the Forest

Pandavas spend their 12 years with Draupadi in the forest.

They learnt a lot from seers like Markandeya.

Arjuna did a penance and received Pasupata Astra from Lord Shiva;

Arjuna did a space jouney and spent some time in the heaven.

 

4.Virata Parva

The Book of the Virata.

Pandavas with their wife Draupadi were hiding in the country of Virata. They were in different disguise, doing different jobs.

Keesaka, who tried to molest Draupadi was killed by Bhima.

Duryodana tried very hard to identify the Pandavas, but failed

 

5.Udhyoga Parva

The Book of the Effort.

When the Pandavas came back and asked for their share of the kingdom, Duryodana refused to give them.

Several messengers were sent to avoid war.

Krishna also went as a messenger, but in vain.

 

6.Bhishma Parva

The Book of Bhisma

When Arjuna said that he did not want to fight for the land, Krishna gave him some lessons – which are in compiled as the Bhagavd Gita

War began; Bhisma took the command of Karava army.

He was knocked down on the 10th day of the 18 day war.

He was lying on the Bed of Arrows.

 

7.Drona Parva

The Book of Drona

Drona took over as the commander in chief following Bhisma’s fall;

he was killed on the 13th day of the war, when he heard  a lie from the mouth of Yudhisthra (Pandava’s chief); Asvattama is the name of an elephant as well as son of Drona. When Drona heard Asvattama killed (uttered by Yudhisthra), he thought that hi son was killed and lost control and got killed.

 

8.Karna Parva

The Book of Karna

Karna took over the post of commander in chief of Kaurava Army;

He was killed on the 17th day;

Yudhisthra felt very sad when he knew Karna was the eldest of the Pandava brothers.

 

9.Shalya Parva

The Book of Shalya

Shalya served as the commander following Karna’s death.

On the 18th day Shalya was killed;

then Duryodhana and Bhima wanted to have a mace fight; Duryodhan was killed when Bhima stuck him on the thigh against the rules.

Duyodhanawas killed and the war came to an end.

 

10.Sauptika Parva

The Book of the Sleeping Warriors

After the rout of the Kaurava army, asvattama, son of Drona, wanted to take a revenge on the Pandavas.

He watched an owl killing the crows at the dead of night in tree and decided to kill the Pandavas the sameway.

Lord Krishna knew it by premonition and hid them at a diiferent place; only Pandavas’ children were killed; but Pandavas escaped unharmed.

 

11.Stri Parva

The Book of the Women

All the women who lost their husbands cried.

Pandavas did the water oblations for the departed souls on both sides.

 

12.Shanti Parva

The Book of Peace

Dharma alias Yudhisthra lost mental peace even after crowned as the Emperor.

Bhishma gave him lot of examples from the scriptures, lying on the Bed of Arrows

 

 

13.Anusasana Parva

The Book of Instructions

Bhishma gave him more instructions

 

14.Asvamedha Parva

The Book of Asvamedha Yaga

Yudhisthra did an Asvmedha Yajna (Horse sacrifice);

Lord Krishna gave Arjuna another dose of lessons in the name of Anu Gita.

 

15.Ashramavasika Parva

The Book of Hermitage

Dhritarashtra and his wife Gandhari went to forest with Kunti;

they were doing meditation at the fag end of their lives; forest fire burnt them alive. Before that they listened to Vidura who consoled them

 

16.Mausala Parva

The Book of the mace fight.

Following the curse of a seer, Yadavas fought among themselves and killed each other; musal means mace; each of the normal grass they pulled for fighting became a mace andkilled them.

Lord Krishna was killed by a hunter while he was sitting on the tree.

 

17.Mahaprastanika Parva

The Book of the Great Journey.

Hearing that Krishna died and the Kali Yuga began, Pandava brothers along with Draupadi did a ritual walk towards North to reach the Meru mountains. A dog followed them. Pandava brothers, fell one by one and lost their lives. Yudhisthra and the dog continued their journey.

 

18.Swaraga Arohana Parva

The Book of the Ascent to Heaven

When Yudhisthra died, he was taken along the route of Hell for saying one lie in the war. At the end, he reached the heaven and saw all his relatives there; he felt immensely happy; the dog that followed them was nothing but the God of Dharma.

–subham–

 

 

xxxxxx

Old Articles on Mahabharata from my blogs:–

Following articles are written by London swaminathan

1.Stars are Gods! We are Stars!!

Post No 1241; Dated 18th August 2014.

2.Medical Science solves Ten Mysteries in the Mahabharata !

Post No. 933 Date 26th March 2014

3.PANDU- TIGER AMONG MEN! (Post No.3697) Date: 6 March 2017

4.Sex Secrets! Satyabhama boldly asks Draupadi in Mahabharata!!

Post No.2220; Date: 6   October 2015

5.Draupadi and Tamil Heroines;17 May 2012

6.Four Wings of Hindu Army: Blow to Aryan- Dravidian Theory!;Post No.1230 ; Dated 13th August 2014.

7.Strange Bird Stories in Mahabharata!

Research Article no. 1711; dated 12 March 2015

8.One Minute Mahabharata! One Minute Bhagavatha!! 27 March 2015

9.Yellow clad Krishna and Blue Clad Balarama! 2 October 2014

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Following articles are written by S Nagarajan

 

1.MEMORY QUEEN DRAUPADI; Written by S Nagarajan

Research Article No. 1689; Dated 4 March 2015.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Please read also my articles on CONCEPT OF TIME:

 

1.TIME TRAVEL by TWO TAMIL SAINTS, posted on 14-2-2012

2.Do Hindus believe in ETs and Alien Worlds?, posted on 28-1-2012

3.Is Brahmastra a Nuclear Weapon?, posted on 5 June 2011

4.Hindus Future Predictions Part 1 (posted 20 May 2012)

5.Hindus Future Predictions Part 2 (Posted on 20 May 2012)

6.Five Beautiful Stories on Hindu Concept of Time; Article No.1869; Dated 16 May 2015.

7.Einstein’s Hindu Connection!; Article No.2017; Date : 25  July 2014

 

–Subham–

 

 

Hunchback Manthara, Bird caught in a Noose! (Post No.3750)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 23 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 22-24

 

Post No. 3750

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

There is a very interesting episode in Valmiki Ramayana, which many of you would have missed. Shatrugna, brother of Rama and Lakshmana, was about to slay Manthara, the hunchback. But Bharata who was equally angry at her, saved her. He gave two reasons for saving her:

 

1.Women should not be killed, however evil they were, according to Hindu Law Books.

2.If Rama knew that we have killed Manthara, the hunchback, then he would not even meet us.

 

But before Bharata admonished Shatrugna, what happened there was interesting.

It is in chapter 78 of Ayodhya Kanda of Ramayana. Shatrugna was the younger brother of Lakshmana. He wondered how come Lakshmana allowed this unjust thing to happen (banishing Rama for 14 years). When he was fuming with anger, this wretched woman Manthara appeared before him with all the bling on her body. This infuriated Shatrugna.

Everyone in the palace knew that she was the main cause for this misfortune. So the guards roughed her and brought her before Shatrugna. He said Let this woman receive the ‘fruit of her action’. He seized hold of her with his strong hands. she rent the palace with her shrieks. The women who were with her fled in different directions in fear. They thought Shatrugana would kill all of them and went to Kausalya for protection.

 

In the meantime, enraged Shatrugna gave her severe blows. When he showered blows on Manthara, she fell down on the ground. Then he redoubled his strokes and her ornaments were scattered. Valmiki says the floor with her bling looked like the autumn sky with stars!

 

Shatrugna holding her with his strong hands started scolding Kaikeyi, who fearing him, ran to Bharata.

Bharata said to Shatrugna: “one should avoid slaying any woman, therefore control yourself. I would have killed even Kaikeyi for her heinous conduct. But if Rama hears that this hunchback Manthara was slain, he would not approve it.

 

Hearing this he let her go and she fell at the feet of Kaikeyi, breathless and weeping. The hunchback looked like a Krauncha bird that was  caught in a noose!

When we read this, we ourselves feel that we should punch on the face of Manthara. Had we lived at that time, given an opportunity, we would have done so!

 

–Subham–