31 Vedic Gods (Post No.4110)

AUGUST 2017 CALENDAR (Post No.4110)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 24 July 2017
Time uploaded in London-22-07
Post No. 4110
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

Festival days:- – Adi Perukku -August 3; Varalakshmi Vrata—August 4; Raksha Bandhan—7; Gayathri Japa—8;  Janmashtami—14 & 15;  Ganesh Chaturthi—25; Rishi Panchami- 26.

Indian Independence Day – 15 August

 

Auspicious Days:- August 31

Ekadasi Fasting Day:-  3, 18

Full Moon Day- August 7

New Moon Day- August 21

August 1 Tuesday

Indra:- One of the most important Vedic deities. Also used as a title for Kings. He is praised as a weather god; he oversees governing, Eastern direction and rains. Documented in the Bogazkoy inscription of 1350 BCE. The warrior king of the gods and the head of the early Vedic pantheon. Indra fought against the evil forces who were represented by Asuras.

August 2 Wednesday

Dyaus :–Dyaus pitr is one of the important gods. He is known in Greek (Zeus Pater) Old Norse (Tyr) and Roman (Jupiter) cultures. He is the sky god and Prithvi is the earth god.  The gods brought the Heaven and Earth together says Aitareya Brahmana.

August 3 Thursday

Agni:–Agni is the messenger of Gods. He takes the food to them from the people who perform Fire sacrifices (Yaga, Homa, Havan, Yajna). Hindus use Agni as a witness to seal agreements, wedding and death. One of the important Vedic Gods. His wife is Swaha

 

August 4 Friday

Ushas:–Goddess of the dawn in the Vedas. She is the all seeing eye of the gods. An auspicious deity heralding Surya and drives away darkness. Rig Veda describes her as a beautiful virginal figure who rides in a hundred chariots. She inspired the finest lyrical hymns in the Rig Veda. Ushas is beautiful, fresh and ever young, dressed in a red garment awakens creatures and send them off to their respective duties.

 

August 5 Saturday

Mitra:–He who is protected by Mitra is neither slain nor conquered, says the Vedas– A Vedic God associated with light, friendship and positive force. He is always paired with Varuna. Mitra as several meanings: Sun, Friend, Vedic God, Positive force and Roman God. Mitra rules the day and Varuna rules the night.

August 6 Sunday

Varuna:–One of the important Vedic gods. He maintains the order in the world. He punishes who ever violates the world order. He oversees the water sources such as ocean, sea, lakes, river and tanks. During drought Vedic pundits do Varuna Japa (prayer) to get rains.

 

August 7 Monday

Aditi:–Aditi means boundless, infinity, eternal. Aditi is regarded as personification of universal, all embracing nature. Mother Goddess in the Rig Veda. Mother of 12 Adityas. Sometimes identified with Cow. guardian goddess who brings prosperity and who can free her devotees from problems.

 

August 8 Tuesday

Vayu:– Vedic god of the Winds. In some texts he is described as the chariot driver for the God Agni. It means wind helps Fire to spread and glow. The Vedic Vayu combines the concept of life sustaining principle together with the might of a gusty wind. He is said to have sprung from the Purusha (the cosmic god). He is also called the son in law of Tvastri

 

August 9 Wednesday

 

Parjanya:–Parjanya is also a weather god. Slightly less distinct wind god; also a harbinger of the monsoon showers.

 

August 10 Thursday

Yama:–Vedic God of death. He takes the lives of the people and Yami’s brother. Son of Surya and Sanjna. Yama was the first of the mortals to die. He is benign guardian of the departed souls with whom he carouses in cool, shady spots in the next world.

August 11 Friday

Surya:–Son of Aditi and Dyaus. Personification of the Sun. Head of the 12 Adityas. He rides in a one wheeled chariot drawn by seven horses. Pushan goes as his messenger with his golden ships, which sail in the aerial ocean. Surya is the preserve and soul of all that moving and stationary; enlivened by him men perform their work; he is far-seeing, all-seeing, beholds all creatures and the good and the bad deeds of the mortals.

 

August 12 Saturday

Rudra:–Another name for Shiva. He controls the gales and storms. Because of this he is called howler. Rudra lives in the mountains. Prayers to Rudra describe a god whose harmful darts  are dreaded, but otherwise he is like any beneficial Rig Veda God, riding a chariot (later bull), wearing a gold necklace, armed with bow and arrows.

August 13 Sunday

Vishnu:-Vishnu means omnipresent. One of the trinities Brahma, Vishnu and Siva/Rudra. Vishnu oversees preservation. He is a  mighty mountain dwelling god in the Veda. He is famous for his three strides (Vamana= Tri Vikrama Avatar)

 

August 14 Monday

Prajapati:–Also known as Brahma; he is in charge of creation He is reciting four Vedas from his four mouths. At  the end of each deluge a new Brahma is created. Prajapati means Lord of the Creatures.He is invoked as bestowing progeny. He is described as Hiranyagarbha, the golden germ/egg

 

August 15 Tuesday

Asvin:–Twins in the Vedas riding horses or birds. They are Nasatya and Dasra. They are famous for saving people from shipwrecks. They travel in the sea. They also figure in the Turkish inscription around 1350 BCE. Their name and fame went up to Turkey and Syria before 1400 BCE. They rescue people from disasters and heal people.

August 16 Wednesday

Brihaspati and Brahmanaspati:–In the Rig Veda the two names are equivalent. He is a deity in whom the action of the worshipper upon the gods is personified. He is the suppliant, the sacrifice, the priest who intercedes with the gods on behalf of men and protects,them from the wicked. He represents the priests and the priestly order. He is also designated as the purohita of the gods. He is the lord and protector of prayer. In the Rig Veda he is described as the Father of the Gods; to have blown forth the birth of the gods like a blacksmith.

 

August 17 Thursday

 

Ribhus :–Meaning is skilful; identified in the Rig Veda as the craftsmen of the gods and linked with the Maruts. They are led by Indra. The Ribhus are said to be three sons of Sudhanwan, a descendent of Angiras. They fashioned the Indra’s chariots and horses, and made their parents young again. By command of the gods, and with a promise of exaltation to divine honours, they made a sacrificial cup fashioned by Tvashtri into four. They are also spoken of as supporters of the sky.

 

August 18 Friday

Nirriti:–Goddess of darkness and destruction; associated with pain, misfortune and death; she wears dark dress in charge of south western quarters.

 

August 19 Saturday

Brahman:-Supreme God. Very often confused with the Brahmanas (caste) and the Brahmanas (part of Vedic literature)

August 20 Sunday

Ila:-Vedic Goddess. She is invoked to appear on the sacrificial field before a ritual. Usually associated with the goddess Sarasvati. Ila is linked with the sacred cow and her epithets include butter-handed and butter toothed.

August 20 Sunday

Apamnapat:–God of fresh water; he is described golden in appearance.

 

August 21 Monday

Apah:–Apah means water. The atmospheric waters are doubtless the imaginary reservoir of the rain water in the sky. The waters are sometimes described as dwelling in the highest heavens and sometimes, also in the atmosphere from where they descend refreshing , fertilizing showers which ensures crops and good harvests.

August 22 Tuesday

Gayatri:–Goddess of light. It has got two meanings: Vedic metre of 24 syllables. Most powerful mantra received by Viswamitra. Billions of Hindus recite this mantra which prays for knowledge and wisdom.

August 23 Wednesday

Pushan:–Pushan means nourisher. One of the sons of Aditi, i.e. Adityas. He is the charioteer of the Sun and a guardian deities of pathways and journeys. In domestic ritual Pusan has the morning and evening offerings placed for him on the threshold. His primary function is to ensure the well being of cattle and their fertility. Pusan is described as glowing.

August 24 Thursday

Marut:–Maruts means smashers. They are Storm Gods. Vedic poets describe him approaching with golden helmets, with spotted skins on their shoulders, brandishing golden spears, whirling their axes, shooting fiery arrows and cracking their whips , amidst thunder and lightning

August 25 Friday

Sarasvati:–It is the name of a river as well as mother goddess. seers had long sessions on the banks of River Sarasvati. She is the goddess of Knowledge and wisdom. she is identified with Vach (word or speech) in some places in the Veda. There is beautiful description of the mighty river Sarasvati in the Vedas. It is equally applicable to goddess.

 

August 26 Saturday

Soma:–Most wonderful herb in the world is the Soma herb. The whole ninth Mandala of the Rig Veda and the later literature praise it sky high. It has got miraculous effects. Soma  was the famous plant used by the Vedic priests to make juice for the fire sacrifice. The whole of Ninth Mandala of Rig Veda (RV) is devoted to its praise. We have more references in other Mandalas too. The seers described Soma as the King of Herbs. They attributed divinity to it. Soma also meant Moon.

 

August 27 Sunday

Visvedvas:–

Many hymns are addressed to Visvedvas in the gods. it means all gods. the seers might have meant the entire pantheon collectively .

 

August 28 Monday

Aryaman

Another Solar God

August 29 Tuesday

Aum/om

Primordial sound; represent God. Vedas begin with Om and ends with Om. It is in Buddhist, Jain, Sikh books. In other religions, it is in the form of Amen. Represents God in sound form.

 

August 30 Wednesday

Urvasi

Divine woman. The dialogue between Urvasi and her husband Pururuvas is famous in the Rig Veda.

August 31 Thursday

Uma

Consort of Lord Shiva; first seen in the Upanishads.

 

–Subham–

 

Part 2 of Hindu Accounts of The Origin of the Vedas (Post No.4107)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 23 July 2017


Time uploaded in London- 12-52 am


Post No. 4107


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

First part of this article was posted yesterday in this blog.

  1. The Vedas issued from the Mouth of Brahma

The Bhagavata Purana (3-12-34 and 37) says,

“Kadachit dyaayatah srastura vedaah aasamsa chaturmukhaat

katham srakshyaam aham lokaan samavetaan yathaapuraa

 

… rg yajush saamaatharvaakyaan vedaan puurvaardhibir mukhaih

sastram ijyaam stutistomam praayachchittam vyadhaat kramaat”

 

“Once the Vedas sprung from the four faced Creator, as he was meditating how shall I create the aggregate words as before? – He formed from his eastern and other mouths the Vedas called Rich, Yajush, Saman, Atharvan, together with praise, sacrifice, hymns and expiation”.

 

The Vishnu Purana gives the same expalanation.

 

12.The Vedas were produced from the Gayatri, Harivamsa Verse 11516

“Tato asrujad vai tripataam gayatrim vedamaataram

akaroch chaiva chaturo vedaan gaayatri sambhavaan”

 

“After creating the world, Brahma next created the Gayatri of three lines, Mother of the Vedas, and also the four Vedas which sprung from the Gayatri”

13.Sarasvati is the Mother of the Vedas, Mahabharata, Santi Parva, verses 12-920

“Vedaanaam maataram pasya matsthaam Deviim Sarasvatiim”

“Behold, Sarasvati, Mother of the Vedas, abiding in me”.

 

  1. The Vedas are Vishnu, Vishnu Purana 3-3-19

“He is composed of the Rich, of the Saman, of the Yajush; he is the soul, consisting of the essence of the Rich, Yajush and Saman, he is the soul of the embodied spirits”.

 

Opinions of the Seers

The names of the Mantra Drstaas ( who saw the mantras = who heard the Mantras) are preserved in the Anukramani or Explanatory Table of the Contents, which has been handed down with the Vedas itself. The names of the fathers of those seers are also given.

 

My comments:

This shows that the Hindus were the first in the world to produce Index, Contents, Anthology etc. This means they were highly literate and nowhere in the world we have an index or contents or an anthology around that time (1500 BCE according to foreigners and 3100 BCE according to the Hindus) except India.

In some of the verses, the names of the seers who pray are mentioned. Foreigners interpreted it as proof for ‘’authorshp’, ‘composing by humans’ etc. They took the literal meaning. If someone refers to me saying “Please listen to London swaminathan who is praying with this mantra” that does not mean I composed the mantra. I may be saying mantras composed or heard by some seers.

There are some passages which mislead the foreigners: –

“the mantras are made like a carpenter make a car”.

 

“The Kanvas make a prayer to you” (RV 1-47-2)

“Thus O Indra, Yoker of steeds, have the Gotamas made hymns for you efficaciously”- RV 1-64-61

“These magnifying prayer hymns, O Asvins, the Gristamadas have made for you” – RV 3-39-8

 

Wherever the verb ‘to make” is used, foreigners took it literally and interpreted as the hymns were ‘composed’ or ‘made’.

 

If we read the Vedas in full we understand the meaning correctly. Moreover, there are hundreds of references in Tamil and Sanskrit which make it very clear that they were not man made. 2000 year old Sangam Tamil Literature refer to it as ‘unwritten word’ in many places. So we don’t need a certificate from a foreigner. We believe that they were ‘seen’, ‘discovered’, ‘heard’ by the Rishis/seers.

 

Mahabharata says “Those who sell the Vedas, and those who write them, those also defile them, they shall go to hell”.

 

Professor Whitney attributed commercial reason for it. Foreigners are business men. They plundered the whole world. They took all the gold and diamonds to their own countries by destroying Mayan, Aztec, Red Indian, Hindu, Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations. They thought Brahmins also did not allow others to write it down so that they can make money. People who have lower thoughts can only interpret it that way!

–subham–

 

 

HINDU ACCOUNTS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE VEDAS (Post No. 4105)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 22 July 2017


Time uploaded in London- 17-24


Post No. 4105


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

The Hindu sacred books are called the Vedas. They are divided into four books: Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas. Hindus believe that Veda Vyasa classified them into four around 3100 BCE. They existed even before him. But he was the one who arranged them into four and gave to four of his best students the responsibility  of spreading them (through the word of mouth to generations to come). Now it is considered the Literary Wonder of the World.

Many of the seven wonders of the world disappeared. But the Vedas which came even before the Seven Wonders of the World are still alive. It is recited in one hundred thousand temples in India. It is recited by millions of Hindus every day. As a Brahmin I recite the names of Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Yama, Surya, Vayu every day. They are in the Bogazkoy inscription of Turkey dated 1350 BCE.

 

Vedic Gods are the oldest Gods documented by an archaeological inscription. Other Gods have gone into museums.

There are beautiful descriptions about the origin of Vedas. For foreigners and Non-Hindus they may appear contradictory, but Hindus don’t find any contradiction in it. Foreigners selected some passages and looked at them superficially and misinterpreted them. But the authors of great Hindu epics Vyasa and Valmiki did not see any contradiction or confusion.

 

Vedas are not composed by poets. They are heard like radio frequencies. They will be in the air after every deluge. They are eternal truths in sound form. When the world is recreated, another Brahma will appear and reveal it through his four heads/mouths. Enlightened souls can hear them and pass it to others.

 

The Vedic mantras are in Sanskrit language. Some of the passages are considered amazing revelations. Lot of scientific information, higher thoughts are reflected in the hymns. Whatever we find in the UNO charter such as world peace, brotherhood of human beings are there in the tenth mandala of the Rig Veda. The literary level is so high that no ancient language in the world has reached that level. They talk lot about prosody, grammar, hidden meaning, double entendre etc.

 

Youngsters were taught linguistics, astronomy, grammar etc along with the Vedic hymns when they were only seven years old! It is a literary marvel.

Tamils of Sangam Age praised them sky high. When one of their poets composed Tirukkural with 1330 couplets five contemporary poets praised it as Tamil Veda. Another Tamil poet said that all over the world kings get up after hearing cock a- doodle-doo but Pandyan Kings get up by listening to the Vedas. Kalidasa who lived in the first century BCE said in his Raghuvamsa that Pandyan Kings always looked like they are coming out of Vedic sacred bath (Avabrta Snanam done during fire sacrifices)

Let us look at some of the Hymns:

1.The Vedas sprung from the mystical sacrifice of the Purusha

The hymn Pursuha Sukta of the Rig Veda (10-90) says the following:-

Tasmaad yajnaat sarvahutah rchah saamaani jagniree

chandaamsi jagniree tasmaad yajus tasmaad ajaayata

“From that universal sacrifice sprung the Rich and Saman verses; the metres sprung from it; from it the yajush arose”.

 

2.The Vedas were cut or scraped off from Skambha as being his hair and his mouth

The Atharva Veda (10-7-20) says,

Yasmaad rcho apatakshan yajur yasmaad apaakashan

saamaani yasya lomaani atharvaangiraso mukham

skambha tam bruuhi iktatamah svida eva sah

 

“Declare who is that Skamnbha (the Supporting Principle) from who they cut off the Rich verses; from whom they scraped off the Yajush, of whom eth Sama verses are the hairs, and the verses of the Atharva and Angiras the mouth.”

  1. The Vedas sprung from Indra and he sprung from them (AV 13-4-38) says,

sa vai rgbhyo ajaayata thasmaad rcho ajaayanta

“Indra sprung from the Rich verses; the Rich verses sprung from him”.

 

4.The Vedas sprung from Time (AV 19-54-3)

Kaalad rchah sambhavan yajuh kaalaad ajaayata

“From Time the Rich verses sprung; the Yajush sprung from Time

5,The Vedas sprung from the leavings of Sacrifice (AV 11-7-24)

Rchah samaani chandaamsi puraanam yajushaa saha

uchchshtaaj jajniree sarve divi devaah divi sritaah

“From the leavings of the sacrifice sprung the Rich and the Saman verses, the metres, the Purana with the Yajush, and all the gods who dwell in the sky”

My comments:

This is a very interesting verse. The Puranam is mentioned in the Atharva Veda. In any culture mythology is the oldest part. So even before the Vedas the Puranas were there. But they were constantly updated with the names of the latest kings. Like they write the names of the Winners of Wimbledon Title every year under the previous winners, newer materials were constantly added. Foreigners took the latest reference and interpreted them as modern. Same with the Mahabharat. Vyasa added all that available to it at his time.

Another interesting point is that we believed Vyasa ‘divided’ the Vedas into four. Then how come there is reference about all the four Vedas in some hymns? Is it not contradicting what we believe?

No contradiction. Rich Yajush, Saman,Atarva are parts of the Vedas. Vyasa arranged them in a particular order and since it is humanly impossible to learn and pass them to future generations. He selected four of his most intelligent students and allocated some portions of it to each one. The very name Vyas means one who arranges, organises, essay writer. His actual name was Krishna Dvaipayana= Black Islander. He was black and was born in an island.

If you take the meaning literally you will be as confused as a foreigner.

The simple equation so far is

Vedas = God/Indra= sacrifice = Time

  1. The Vedas were Produced from Agni, Vayu, Surya- says the Chandogya Upanishad

“Prajapatir lookaan abhyatapat………………. iti saamabhyah”

“Prajapati infused warmth into the worlds, and from them so heated he drew forth their essences, viz, the Agni from the earth

Vayu from the air

and Surya from the sky.

He infused warmth into these three deities

and from them so heated he drew forth their essences—

from Agni the Rich verses

from Vayu the the Yajush verses

and from Surya the Saman verses.

He then infused heat into this triple science from it, so heated he drew forth its essences—

from Rich verses the syllable Bhuh

from Yajush verses, Bhuvah

and from Saman verses Svar”

Heat = tapas

  1. The Vedas are the breathing of the Great being – Satapata Brahmana (14-5-4-10)

“sa yathaa aardredhaagrer abhyaahitaan………………nisvasitaani”

“As from a fire made of moist wood various modifications of smoke proceed, so is the breathing of this great being the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama veda, the Athrvangirases,the Ithihasas, Puranas, science, the Upanishads, slokas, aphorisms, comments of different kinds – all these his breathings”

My comments

This is another proof for the existence of Puranas, Ithihasas (Mytology and Epics), Upanishads, Sutras, Slokas, Science (Vidhyaa) –  by the time of Satapata Brahmana. Even the jaundice eyed, biased foreigners date this SB to 850 BCE. But we knew that it existed from the Vedic days i.e, several thousand years ago. Even if we go by foreigner’s dating one must admit that we had History (Ithihas/epics), mythology etc. by that time.

 

Poor foreign ignoramuses say ‘this portion of Vedas is later, this portion is older, this portion of Mahabharat is added to Jaya, the original epic. All these are absurdities because till this day no one is able to show what is added ‘later’, and ‘when’ it is added!!

And the foreigners try to cramp the largest volume of ancient literature into 400 year period! Not even the modern society can achieve such intellectual growth within that short period! If they are right they must show us another ancient culture that achieved so many things within 400 years!

 

When we compare the Vedic literature with other religious literature, they are like mosquitoes and the Vedic literature is like the Himalayas. No one is able to study all these in one life time. Even Max Muller studied it for over fifty years! And yet he could not attain full maturity!  He did not even get the maturity of a Vedic school boy! His bookish knowledge in Vedas was great, but his wisdom- just pass mark!

Any one who reads his comments on Vedic hymns, would agree with me.

 

  1. The Vedas were dug by the gods out of the Mind Ocean (SB 7-5-2-52)

“Mind is the ocean; from the mind ocean, with speech for a shovel, the gods dug out the triple Vedas; may the brilliant deity today know where they placed that offering which the gods dug out with sharp shovels. Mind is the ocean; speech is the sharp shovel—Satapata Brahmana”

 

This shows Vedas were received by the Rishis after deep meditation. What a beautiful way of describing the Vedas! Poetic in description!

  1. Vedas are the hair of Prajapati’s beard (Taittiriya Brahmana 3-39-1)

(it means it is recited by Brahma)

  1. Vach is called the Mother of the Vedas (TB 2-8-85);

(it means the word is god)

“Vach (word) is an imperishable thing and the first born of the ceremonial, the mother of the Vedas, and the centre point of immortality”

My Comments

Some foreigners used to bluff that Hindus don’t know about immortality, rebirth etc. during the Vedic time. They draw their own line in the Vedic literature, they fix their own dating for each and every section and bluff this way; and even in that bluffing, fifty foreigners say fifty different things! In the book about Asuras written by a foreigner he listed over 40 different definitions or interpretations on the word Asura!

(I will give the quotations on Vedas from the Puranas and Mahabharata, in another article.)

–Subham–

 

 

Science in Aitareya Brahmana Book! (Post No.4102)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 21 July 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-39


Post No. 4102


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

Aitareya Brahmana is the oldest Brahmana book. It is dated 1000 BCE or before. There is an interesting passage in it (3-44):-

“The sun neither ever sets or rises. When people think, he sets he (only) turns himself round, after reaching the end of the day, and makes night below and day above. Then when people think he rises in the morning he (only) turns himself round after reaching the end of the night, and make the day below and night above. In truth, he never sets. The man who knows this, that the sun never sets, enjoys union and sameness of nature with him and abides in the same sphere:– aitareya Brahmana 3-44

 

It is amazing to see how they found it. And the description looks like that some one went in a satellite up above the earth and watched it. It is possible. If Narada, the Divine Messenger can do Inter Galactic Travel, then there is nothing to wonder about this description.

 

Einstein talks about the speed of light – the fastest in the universe, approximately 186,000 miles per second. But Hindu scriptures talk about the speed of mind (thought)- Mano Vegam!

If someone builds a machine that can travel at the speed of light it will take at least four years to reach the nearest star Alpha centaurai. But with the speed of mind you can be there in a fraction of a second. NASA  or Russian scientists are no where near the speed of light; how can they understand the speed of mind/thought. Hindus believe that you can travel by thought and be present anywhere in the universe. We hear lot of stories God rushing to help someone at the thought of that man or animal. When the elephant Gajendra cried O Adhi moolame! ( Oh My God) Lord Vishnu came the next minute.

 

Since Western scientists look at Time that flows in one direction – linear direction, they think that time cannot be reversed; but Hindus see time flows in circle – cyclical- they think that one can travel forward and backward in Time.

xxx

Concept of ONE GOD in the Atharva Veda

Lot of you would have heard about the famous Rig Vedic Hymn: Ekam Sat Viprah bhahuda vadanti (see below)

 

(Ekam Sat Viprah Bahuda Vadanti)- 1-164-5

“They call him Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Agni and he is heavenly nobly winged Garutman

To what is One, sages give many a title

they call it Agni, Yama , Matarisvan:

 

Hindus believe in monotheism; but allow the devotees to visualise Him or Her in different forms; each one personifying some virtue or quality.

Brahma for creation or starting a new cycle

Vishnu for preservation or continuation

Shiva for destruction or end of the cycle

 

Durga for Heroism

Lakshmi for Wealth

Sarasvati for Knowledge

 

Vedas say “the gods are only a single being under different names”

In the Atharva Veda we read (13-3-13)

“In the evening Agni becomes Varuna; he becomes Mitra when rising in the morning; having become Savitri (Surya/Sun) he passes through the sky; having become Indra he warms the heaven in the middle”.

Though the Rig Veda says,

“Three hundred, three thousand, thirty and nine gods have worshipped Agni (RV 3-9-9)

“Ye gods, who are eleven in the sky, who are the eleven on earth, and who in your glory are eleven dwellers in the (atmosphere) waters do ye welcome this offering”

it makes it clear that GOD IS ONE in the following oft quoted hymn:

“The One Being sages call by many names

as they speak of Indra, Yama, Matarisvan

The wise poets with their words shape the one being in many ways” – Rig Veda 1-164-46 and 10-114-5

 

This theme is repeated in several places in the Vedic literature.

 

–Subham–

Silent Prayer is the Best Prayer : Vinoba Bhave (Post No.4100)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date: 21 July 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 6-01 am

 

 

Post No.4100

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources such as Face book, Wikipedia, Newspapers etc; thanks. 

 

by S.Nagarjan

 

All great men gave very much importance to the Prayer.

How to Pray?

This question been answered by great sages. In this article we will see Vinabha Bhave’s views.

Vinobha Bhave in his Memoirs points out that the silent form of Prayer is the best form of Prayer.

Given below is the extract taken from his Memoirs.

 

Prayer
It was only after I entered Gandhiji’s Satyagraha Ashram that I had any experience of community prayer. Before that I had never joined with others in prayer, nor had I had any fixed time for individual prayer. It came naturally to me to recite or sing when I was in a devotional mood, but to sit with others, or even to set apart a regular time for private prayer, was not my nature. In my childhood I was taught the Sandhya,  but I did not perform it. I refused to repeat words whose meaning I did not understand. This is not to say that I lacked the spirit of devotion, even then. But with Gandhiji there was regular daily prayer. The experience of sitting together with so many worthy people gradually had its effect on me. This effect, I think, was not so much due to the prayers themselves as to the fellowship of devotion which we shared.

 


People used to ask Bapu what they should do if they found it difficult to concentrate, or felt sleepy during the prayer. In that case, Bapu suggested, they should stand for prayer instead of sitting. These questioners were honest people, and every day three or four of them would stand during the prayers. But of course concentration cannot be achieved merely by standing ! Bapu began to teach us how to pray, just as one might teach children how to read, using illustrations from his own life. This was a new experience for me, such as I had never had before.

 
In Bapu’s time a number of passages were included in the prayer, many of which I knew. I would never myself have chosen some of these verses, or considered them suitable, but still I joined reverently in the recital, un- attractive though I found them. Later there was a proposal that these verses should be omitted, but after discussion with Bapu they were kept, on the ground that we should not change what was already in use.
When I was imprisoned, I ceased to use these verses in my morning prayer, and recited instead my own prose translation of the Ishavasya Upanishad, which was much in my thoughts at the time; a number of other people used to join me. But I kept unchanged the verses of the Gita which had been chosen for the evening prayer, as I was very fond of them. This change in the morning prayer was made while Bapu was still alive, and after I was released from jail I went on using the Ishavasya in the Paunar Ashram.
I do not like the queer notion that unity can be brought had by accepting a single form of prayer. Unity is some- thing which must spring from within. I do not want to make any particular verses obligatory in the prayer. So when I was working among the Meos we recited verses from the Koran, and used an Urdu translation of the Gita and Urdu hymns. It seems to me to be best to use whatever the people around me can understand most easily.


In Bapu’s time we also used prayers drawn from all religious traditions. That is all right when people of different religions and languages are meeting together, but all the same it is a kind of khichadi, a mixed grill. The main idea therein is not so much to please God as to please our fellows. Still, if we think that a human being is also a mani- festation of God, the practice cannot be called wrong.
Thinking this over I came to the conclusion that for community prayer silent prayer is the best form. It can satisfy all kinds of people, and deeper and deeper meaning may be found in it, as I can testify from my own experience.
During the early days of my bhoodan pilgrimage we included in the evening public prayer the Gita’s verses about ‘the man of steadfast wisdom’. But in Andhra I began to use silent prayer instead. This silent community prayer is of very great value. The idea has been with me for a long time that all should come together to pray in the quietness of mind; this thought is maturing slowly and as my experience increases, so does my confidence and courage.

****

Live Like a Tree: Chaitanya’s Advice! (Post No.4099)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 20 July 2017


Time uploaded in London- 19-25


Post No. 4099


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

“A man must attain the nature of a tree, which lives solely for the benefit of others, before he can become a true worshipper”—Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Chaitanya was a great devotee of Lord Krishna. His principal place of worship is Nadia in West Bengal. He has a big following in Bengal and adjacent states. Krishna devotees consider him as an incarnation of Lord Krishna himself. They say that amongst the many incarnation of Vishnu four are most important

the White incarnation named Ananta

the Red incarnation named Kapila

the Black incarnation named Krishna

the Yellow incarnation named Chaitanya

Chaitanya was born in CE. 1484 in Nadia and died at Puri in 1527

His father was a Brahmin named Jagannath Misra and his mother’s name was Suchi. Their first son Visvarupa became a religious mendicant. Second son Chaitanya was born when his mother was old. Consequently the child was very weak and did not take milk for three days. They thought that the child would die soon and hung him in a tree in a basket. A Brahmin called Adaitya happened to pass at that time, saw the child and thought that it was a divine child. He wrote Hare Krishna mantra in  the sand below the tree with his toe. Chaitanya’s mother took it as a positive sign and took the child back into the house. The child quickly recovered and took food.

 

Chaitanya s a youth made good progress in learning. He married twice, first at the age of eleven a girl named Lakshmi, and on her early decease, he married another girl Vishnupriya. They lived together for some time. When Chaitanya was 24, he decided to find a way to solve the distresses of mankind. He took off his sacred thread and became an ascetic. Leaving his home, parents, and wife, he spent six years as a wandering saint (Bairagi), travelling all over India teaching his doctrines, acquiring followers, and extending the worship of Lord Krishna.

 

Varanasi has been the meeting point of scholars from time immemorial Buddha, Adi Shnkara and other saints went to Varanasi and convertedgreta people to their faiths. Chaitanya also went to Kasi (Varanasi= Benares) and converted the chief pundit Prakashananda to his faith.

 

Chaitanya was a great reformer; his success may be traced to his extraordinary fervour and his love for men. He preached utterly unselfish love to Vishnu/Krishna.

Worship from interested motives was not worship at all, but shop keeping, barter – he said.

The chief tenets of his faith are:

1.A disregard of caste distinctions

2.Emphasis was laid on mendicant life

  1. All must worship Krishna with a rosary made up of Tulsi beads
  2. He taught his followers to follow Radha, the beloved mistress of Krishna. The best form of devotion was that which Radha, as the beloved mistress of Krishna, felt for him.

5.They must exercise Bhakti (devotion) in Krishnain five ways:

Quite contemplation of the deity- Santi

The devotion of a servant to his master – Dasya

Friendship to him – Sakhya

Love to him resembling h love of children to their parents – Vatsalya

Passionate attachment of a girl to her lover or as the Gopis felt for Krishna -Madhurya.

 

He allowed widows remarriage and forebode the drinking of intoxicants and the eating of fish and meat.

He preached against animal sacrifices and Tantric practices.

 

 

He saw visions of Krishna and his attendant Gopis and terminated his life by walking into the sea in one of these ecstatic moments. Another version says that he entered the sanctum of Lord jagannath and disappeared in a flash of light. We have similar disappearances in the lives of Tamil saints Sambandar, vallalar and Andal.  Chaitanya before his disappearance gained many adherents and honours. The independent King of Orissa became his disciple. As Chaitanya left no issue, Adaitya and Nithyananda, became the leaders of the new faith.

Source book: Wilkin’s Hindu Mythology

 

 

 

MONKEY WEDDING 100 YEARS AGO! (Post No.4093)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 18 July 2017


Time uploaded in London-16-23


Post No. 4093


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

There are some interesting stories about Hanuman in 100 year old books written by foreigners!

 

For anyone familiar with the adventures of Hanuman, comic books such as Superman, Spiderman, Phantom are all just imitations. The adventures of hanuman are true stories. Hindus call him the Great Hero – Mahaa Veer! Hanuman was called the Monkey God by foreigners; but for Hindus he is a god like any other god. Westerners could only look at his face and tail whereas Hindus can look at his great qualities! Foreigners couldn’t understand Hinduism even today because they look at it superficially.

 

Hanuman is described in the Ramayana as a man possessed of great learning. He was a master of grammar. he had the gift of the gab. he was a great orator. “The chief of the monkeys is perfect; no one equals him in the sastras, in learning and in ascertaining the sense of the scriptures. In all sciences, in the rules of austerity, he rivals the preceptor of the Gods.

In North India he is a village god. His image smeared with oil and vermillion, meets one’s gaze in many villages. He is often the guardian deity, and is considered the embodiment of virile strength, the conqueror of evil spirits, while women implore his aid as the giver of off spring.

 

Hanuman does not often rise to the dignity of a separate temple devoted to his honour (100 years ago), but in Rama’s birth place Ayodhya, the greatest temple is the Hanumangarhi. It is a fortress temple rising solidly from the surrounding plain, and is provided with a regular priesthood f ascetics.

 

One of the main reasons why this god is so widely worshipped over a large part of India is that he is regarded as the type and model of faithful, unselfish and devoted service.

At the Dasara, one of the most popular Hindu festivals, Hanuman, clothed in gorgeous attire, marches along the stage at the head of his army of monkeys and bears and plays his part valiantly in the assault of Lanka.

 

Living monkeys too are honoured and worshipped as Hanuman’s representatives, and the feeding of monkeys is part of the regular ritual at some temples, notably at the Durga temple in Varanasi, often called for this reason ‘the Monkey Temple’. There is a king of monkeys there who is treated with much respect. It is remarkable with what impunity monkeys are allowed to steal grain and fruits and sweets from shops on the main roads. Very little resentment is shown, and as for killing them would be a sacrilege, no matter how great the mischief and harm caused.

In fact, General Sleeman tells a story of a Muhammedan Nawab of Oudh (Ayodhya) who died of fever, the result, it was said, of his father killing a monky. “Mumtaz ud daula might have been King of Oudh, said his informant, had his father not shot that monkey” (Ref. Sleeman’s book Journey through Oudh)

Monkey Wedding

W.Ward ( in his book Hindoos) tells a remarkable story of the Raja of Nadiya who spent a lac of rupees (10,000 pounds in those days) in marrying two monkeys. There was a magnificent parade. In the procession were seen elephants, camels, horses, all richly caparisoned; palanquins carried the guests whose path was lit by torches and fairy lamps. The male monkey was fastened in his palanquin with a silver chain. he wore a golden crown on his head and servants stood o either side to fan him with punkahs (fans). There followed numbers of dancing girls in carriages. Every kind of musical instrument was pressed into use to celebrate the occasion, and at the time of marriage no less than twelve learned Brahmins were employed to read the Sastras.

–Subham–

 

 

 

 

Asura’s Mistake- Satapata Brahmana Story (Post No.4087)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 16 July 2017


Time uploaded in London-19-03


Post No. 4087


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

Once upon a time the gods and the Asuras, both of them sprung from Prajapati, strove together. And the Asuras even though arrogance, thinking,

“Unto whom, forsooth, should we make offering? went on offering into their own mouths. They came to naught, even through arrogance; wherefore let no one be arrogant, for verily arrogance is the cause (mouth) of ruin.

“Pride goeth before destruction.

But the gods went on making offerings to one another.

Prajapati game himself to them; thus the sacrifice became theirs; and indeed the sacrifice is the food of the gods – Satapata Brahmana.

xxx

“This which is sacrifice is the soul of all beings and of all gods”

–Satapata Brahmana14-3-2-1

 

Prajapati gave himself to the gods and became their sacrifice. He then created sacrifice as his own image or counterpart. Hence they say that ‘Prajapati is sacrifice’; for he created it as his own image.

–Satapata Brahmana 11-1-8-2

xxx

 

Women in Vedic Times

The following passage is of interest as clearly indicating that women in Vedic times had access to the Vedas; they took part in the sacrifices is clear from quite a number of passages:

Ida, the daughter of Manu, was a revealer of sacrifice. She heard, ‘The Asuras are placing fire’……………. Ida said to Manu, ‘I shall so place thy fire that thou shalt increase in offspring, cattle and twins; thou shalt be firmly established in  the world and shalt conquer the heavenly  word’. She first placed the Garhapatya fire. It was through the Garhapatya she produced for him offspring.

Taittiriya Brahmana 1-1-4-4

(Garhapatya is one of the three fires in a house)

xxx

Manu’s Wife Sacrificed!

There is another story where one must read between the lines; this one of the  symbolic stories:

“Manu had a bull. Into it an Asura slaying, enemy slaying voice had entered. In consequence of this bull’s snorting and bellowing. Asuras and Rakshasas were continually destroyed.

 

Then the Asuras said, “This bull, alas! does us mischief; how shall we overcome him? Now there were two priests of the Asuras called Kilata and Akuli. They said, ‘Manu is a devout believer; let us make trial of him’. They went and said to him, “Let us sacrifice for thee”

“Wherewith”, he asked.

With this bull, they replied.

Be it so, he answered.

 

When it had been slaughtered, the voice departed out of it and entered into Manu’s wife, Maanavaa.

Wherever they hear her speaking, the Asuras and Rakshasas continue to be destroyed in consequence of her voice.

The Asuras said, “She does yet more mischief; for the human voice speaks more”

 

Kilata and Akuli said, Manu is a devout believer; let us make trial of him. They went and said to him,

“Manu, let us sacrifice for thee”.

“Wherewith?, he asked.

“With this thy wife”, they replied.

Be it so, he answered.

When she had been slaughtered, the voice departed of her”.

–Satapata Brahmana 1-1-4-16

The same story is found with variations in the Kathaka Brahmana.

This is a symbolic story. One must rely on saints of India rather than foreigners.

–Subham–

 

 

A Vedic Story: How did the Cow get a Shiny Skin? (Post No.4068)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 10 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-20 am
Post No. 4068

 
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

There is a symbolic story in the Satapata Brahmana (3-1-2-16)

“That same skin which belongs to the cow was originally on man. The gods speak, ‘verily the cow supports everything here on earth; come, let us put on the cow that skin which is now on man; therewith she will be able to  endure rain and cold and heat’.

Accordingly having flayed man, they put that skin on the cow, and therewith now she endures rain and cold and heat. For man was indeed flayed; and hence wherever a stalk of grass or some other object cuts him, the blood trickles out. They then put that skin, the garment on him; and for this reason none but man wears a garment, it having been put on him as his skin. Hence also one should take care to be properly clad, so that he may be completely endued with his own skin. Hence also people like to see even an ugly person properly clad, since he is endued with his own skin. Let him then not be naked in the presence of a cow, for the cow knows that she wears his skin and runs away for fear lest he should take the sin from her. hence also cows draw fondly near to one who is properly clad”

 

 

Taittiriya Brahmana has the following passage:

“That a calf extorted a promise from certain sacrifices not to milk a cow within the first ten days after calving, and to let the calf suck for a fifth of the day after milking, and that for all time the promise has been honoured” (2-1-1-4)

Silence is observed when cows are milked.

My comments:

This story shows that the cow is the most sacred animal. It is needless to say that is the most useful animal. The cow is treated like a human being, particularly like a woman, who should be given all respect. Manu Smrti says that a woman must be respected, adorned and adored; if she is made to cry the family will be destroyed lock stock and barrel.

Probably they want us to understand that cows and human beings are same when it comes to giving respect. In Sangam Tamil literature and in the later devotional Tamil literature Brahmins and cows are treated equally.

 

This story can be interpreted in many ways. One should not misbehave in front of the cows or with the cows. One should also note that no other animal is dealt with in this way. Hindus gave respect to all animals  — Sanskrit and Tamil literature has stock phrase “from ant to elephant”—- the animals from plankton to whale should be fed and respected. Hindus do it in life every day. They do use flour to feed the ants when they draw kolams (rangoli) in front of their houses. It is a common decoration seen in front of all the houses in South India. This is part of Pancha Yajna (five sacrifices0 done by all orthodox Hindus.

Also read

How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Posted on  7 July 2017

–Subham–

Hindu’s Life according to Atharva Veda- Part 2 (Post No.4065)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 9 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 12-29
Post No. 4065

 
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

He was a man of importance in his village, and when he attended the assembly — which may have been a kind of Municipal Committee or Council his great ambition was to  command respect and attention aa a speaker, and with this view he fortified himself with charm and magic herb that inspired eloquence, and enabled him to overpower his opponents in debates.

 

 

His life on the whole somewhat monotonous and dull but it seems to have suited him as he was continually praying that it might be extended to its full natural duration of hundred years.

 

 

At the end of that time, with his sons and his son’s children around him, he was ready to pass away to the felicity  that  awaited him in the world of the Fathers

 

 

The small merchant or trader lived a less settled life and saw some of the world than the agriculturist. We see him on the point of starting on a journey for business purposes with his little stock of goods.

 

He first propitiates Indra who as a merchant also, the God who trades and traffics with his worshippers, requiring and receiving prayer and oblations in exchange for the blessings which he sends, and who will now free the travelling merchants from wild beasts, robbers, and enemies of every kind.

 

 

He prays also to many other deities that he may make a rich profit and gain a hundred treasures, and commits the care of his children and cattle in his absence to Agni, God of all men. His ritual is an extensive one and he may be about to journey to all points of the compass, and he must accordingly conciliate all the divine Warders of  heavenly regions He has  to recite some ten hymns of Book VI invoking the aid of all protecting deities, not forgetting to consult the Weather Prophet, and to obtain from him the promise of auspicious mornings, noons, and nights. He bids an affectionate farewell to the houses of his village, and departs on his way encouraged by the hymn which ensures him a safe and successful journey.

 

In due time he returns having bartered his wares for the treasurers of distant places, for bdellium and other fragrant gums and unguents, for Kushta and other foreign plants and drugs of healing virtue, for mother of  pearl, ornaments for the women, and perhaps cloth of finer wool.

 

 

The merchant’s object in life is gain, and he is not always very scrupulous in his dealings. 1f he is in debt he would prefer to be freed by the intervention of a god, and not by his own exertions; and he is bold enough even to pray for release from debts which he has incurred without intending to pay them. He is probably the gambler who prays for success in play and for pardon when he has been guilty of cheating”

 

My comments:

 

Griffith is imagining the worst thing and gives the reasons for using charms. It is like taking one bad word from a scripture and imagine everything bad about the community. He himself uses “probably” “intend” etc We can do this sort of trick to any book or scripture. Sangam Tamil poems have been divided into two groups : one dealing with family life and another dealing with war and public life. There lot of poms dealing with prostitutes in the family life section. If one goes by the number of such poems one will paint a very bad picture about Tamil community. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has umpteen chapters about bad qualities and virtues that which one should shun. I anyone takes only those couplets than one will think that the Tamils are bad. But it is not correct.  Unless one is involved in the culture one wouldn’t understand it. So it is dangerous to interpret it literally.

Foreigners interpret Vedas literally where they want to attribute bad meaning. If there are good things they hide it.  Same Atharva Veda has got very good and unique poems on motherland, earth, nature and Vedic gods. They project only the charms.

 

Most Beautiful Love Poem

 

A MAN’s LOVE CHARMS: There are seven hymns entitled, “A Man’s Love Charms”. They show that infant marriage did not prevail in Vedic times.

 

A Charm to win a Maiden’s Love. AV.VI. 8.

1.Like as the creeper throws her arms on every side around the tree,

So hold thou me in thine embrace that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.

 

2.As when he mounts, the eagle strikes his pinions downward on the earth,

So do I strike thy spirit down that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.

 

3.As in his rapid course the Sun encompasses the heaven and earth, So do I compass round thy mind that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.

 

There are many more love poems in the Atharva Veda.

–Subham–