31 More Quotations from Poet Kalhana (Post No.4948)

31 More Quotations from Poet Kalhana (Post No.4948)

MAY 2018 GOOD THOUGHTS CALENDAR

 

COMPILED by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 25 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  18-05

 

Post No. 4948

 

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Kalhana was a minister in Kashmir King Harsha’s (1089-1101) Kingdom. He wrote his epic poem in Sanskrit, Rajatarangini (River of Kings). It gives the history of Kashmir. Lst month I publied 30 quotations from him. Now there are 31 more quotes from Rajatarangini of Kalahana.

 

FESTVAL DAYS:  May 10-Hanuman Jayanti (Telugu region) ; 28 Vaikasi Visakam in Tamil  temples; Agni nakshatram begins 4 ; 28 ends

 

EKADASI/ HINDU FASTING DAYS- May 11, 25

 

AMAVASYAI/ NEW MOON-  May 15

 

FULL MOON DAY/ PURNIMA- May 29
Auspicious Days in MAY -2, 4, 6, 7, 13, 20, 25, 27

 

In the past three years, hundreds of quotations are given in both Tamil and English monthly calendars in my blog. Please use them

 

May 1 Tuesday
Achievement
What cannot be accomplished by anyone who disregard s his own limbs and mind?
Such a person is capable of bold enterprise. Rajatarangini 7-1328

May 2 Wednesday
Acquaintance
Acquaintance with the use of weapons is common but a strategist is not.
7-1529

May 3 Thursday
Aim
Everyone knows how to use a dart but rarely is one aware of its aim. 7-804

May 4 Friday
Beauty
She had full breasts curved like a jar and also the excellent hips. She was the embodiment of joy in love as well as in a home.4-18

May 5 Saturday
Benefits
There is not one action of the cloud which is not beneficial to others, some plants open their blossoms, when lightning flashes through it pains the eyes, others blossom at the roar of thunder which hurts the ears. Nevertheless, the dull witted find in it no other virtue except that of giving of rain 8-1556

 

May 6 Sunday
Bravery
When a bold man, after completing his duty, is about to rest, fate imposes on him burdens of New responsibilities- 8-1791

May 7 Monday

Celebrity
Only among ordinary people a thing of surpassing merit becomes celebrity. Who can lure the attention of the mighty to such superb objects? 4-254
May 8 Tuesday
Certainty
If a tree which protect s a river bank collapse s in a flood, the creeper which lives on it, will surely follow suit.8-3250

May 9 Wednesday
Chance
What is intended for protection may, through a stroke of fate, cause destruction.-7-804

 

May 10 Thursday
Change
Providence by burning the thin grass produces the thick verdure. After a day of acute warmth, it rains.8-1790

 

 

May 11 Friday
Enmity
In spite of constant reconciliations, enmity, even though allayed, repeatedly enters the heart just as a wet garment, in spite of its being repaired, is often torn .7-384
 

May 12 Saturday
Courage
The heroic think an object attainable by courage, the timid by caution; otherwise between them there could be little difference. 6-363

May 13 Sunday
Danger
Danger causes sudden alarm but not when one in the midst of it . Water is chill when it is poured on one’s head but not when one is sunk in it.-8-1097

May 14 Monday

Death
A man will not be slain even by a stroke of  lightning before his time but one who has reached his allotted span might die even from a flower 8-531

 

May 15 Tuesday

Fortune
Fortune which merchants obtain by misappropriation of deposits, which courtesans get by deceiving their lovers, or princes through treason, is after all impermanent. 4-181

Fortune moving about unsteadily, like the lightning playing in the sky, always follow s the cloud of destiny . With whom does it abide permanently? 8-1896

When extraordinary good fortune of overwhelming glory comes to a man, retreating misfortune increases the power of its sorrows.7-795

Fate grants fortune to that person whom those who think themselves wise, persist in considering as unfit 8-491

Fortune like a prostitute daubed with a magic powder conquers even the strong minded, making them unlawful- 8-189
 

May 16 Wednesday
Defeat
Every great person finally meets with humiliating defeat just if he was a common man. Who then could proudly think I am great 8-335
May 17 Thursday

Dependence
By dependent on others, even an animal’s spirit is hurt 7-72

May 18 Friday
Destiny
Destiny can be opposite if and when jackals victoriously control a lion 8-1470
The mighty are cheated by the infirm and those who hold all might in their control, are deluded by the power less 7-959
Who else like him had his head cremated in one place and the rest of his body in another? 8-1473
May 19 Saturday

Devotion
Devotion to one’s sovereign does not change in honest men till they die 7-1322

May 20 Sunday

Diamond
The diamond is not cut by any other precious stone but on the contrary it cuts them. 4-51

 

May 21 Monday
Diplomacy
Let those who know diploma cy recommend to a different occasion either subservience or when expedient the discharge of duty. 8-691

In contentious transactions virtuous conduct is revealed by speech alone

May 22 Tuesday

Great
The great for a few favour s give much of their own. 3-276

None is great except the greedy, in doing good to others 7-502

The reputation of the great does not by any means conform to their birth place.4-41
May 23 Wednesday

Earth
The earth has been preordained for enjoyment of the valiant. 7-1288

May 24 Thursday

Equanimity
The ocean is not warmed by the submarine fire nor does it cold by the snow s of the Himalayas when they enter it. Men of unruffled mind display equanimity either in dejection or exultation 8-2666
May 25 Friday

Favour
In giving births, parents confer their only favour on their offspring but the sovereign does on all occasions 8-694

May 26 Saturday
Enterprise
In the course of daring ventures. It is not surprising if, through providence, a hundred thousand are vanquished by a single man or a single person by a hundred thousand .7-1499

May 27 Sunday
Fear
If the banks of rivers will only smell of a lion, to elephants they will seem as though they are on fire 8-3013

May 28 Monday

Fools
Fools who depend on cheap recognition and move about every where thoughtlessly like beasts deserve to be scorned. 8-215

May 29 Tuesday

Followers
The lightning of prosperity, the crane of celebrity, the thunder of boldness, and the rainbow of prowess, follow the cloud of prudence. 7-1455

 

 

May 30 Wednesday

Futility
What fragrance can a multitude of flower garlands bring to one, whose life has passed away? That is what natural beauty and glory of things mean to a fool. 4-501

May 31 Thursday

Good luck
Good luck will not be impoverished 7-1044

-SUBHAM-

TRAVEL IN VEDIC LITERATURE (Post No.4945)

TRAVEL IN VEDIC LITERATURE (Post No.4945)

 

RESEARCH ARTICLE WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 24 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  14-29 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4945

 

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Hindus know very well the benefits of travel. They have been doing the longest pilgrimages. It is a wonder of the world that they travel from one of the country to the other. Though we hear about pilgrimages to Mecca, Jerusalem, Lourdes etc for followers of other religions, Hindus started thousands of years before them. Balarama did want to be part of Mahabharata war and so he went on a long journey. Before him,  Rama travelled on foot from Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh to Sri Lanka in the south sea. The pilgrimage is mentioned in the Tamil epic Silappadikaram as well.

 

Another unique feature of Hindusim is they have thousands of pilgrimage centres. Every family fas a family deity and they visit the shrine from different parts of the world. Though Kasi/Varanasi/Benares is the holiest shrine for Hindus, they don’t stop there; they visit hundreds of other centres. There are 108 Vishnu shrines, 51 Goddess centres and 12 most famous Shiva shrines venerated by the Hindus for thousands of years.

Five Pandavas, particularly Arjuna travelled to far south and married a Pandya princess (Alli Rani) and he made inter galactic travel in Matari’s shuttle, according to Mahabharata.

 

From the Vedic days, we come across some statements in support of travel:

Vedas refer to the sea travel and Aswins rescue of Bhuj and others from the middle of the sea. It also mentioned 1000 oars ships.

 

Adi Shankara who lived 2000 years ago (See Kanchi Paramacharya’s dating) walked through the length and breadth of India several times and established Mutts (Religious Centres)  at five places in five different directions. Guru Nanak, Ramanuja and several saints also walked from one end of the land to the other.

 

Tamil devotional literature has several stories of kings and poets visiting Kailash in the Himalayas. Even before the foundation of Islam, Mecca has been a centre of pilgrimage to Hindus. Ancient travel records show that they boarded ships from Sri Lanka and Kerala.

 

Here are some quotations on Travel from the Vedic literature:

When Rohita, son of Harischandra left the forest and went to a village, Indra came to him in human disguise and said to him,

“There is no happiness for him who does not travel, Rohita! thus we have heard. Living in the society of men, the best man often becomes a sinner by seduction, which is best avoided by wandering (travel) to places void of human dwellings; for Indra is surely the friend of the traveller. Therefore , wander”

Rohita thinking, ‘A Brahmin told me to wander’ wandered for a second year in the forest.

Again Indra met Rohita and said, The feet of the wanderer are like the flower, his soul is growing and reaping the fruit; and all his sins are destroyed by his fatigues in wandering. Therefore, wander!

–Aitareya Brahmana 7-3-15

The fortune of him who is sitting sits; it rises when he rises; it sleeps when he sleeps; it moves when he moves. Therefore, wander!

 

The Kali (Yuga) is lying on the ground; the Dvapara (yuga) is hovering there; the Treta (Yuga) is getting up; but the Krita (yuga) happens to walk. Therefore, wander!

 

In another translation of the same verse we find,

“ A man who sleeps is like the Kali age ( iron age); a man who awakes is like the Dvapara age (Bronze age); a man who rises is like the Treta age (silver age) and a man who travels is like the Krita age (Golden age).

 

It is interesting to note that the same terms are used in the throws of gambling dice: Krita- throw of four, being reckoned the best, Treta-  the throw of three, Dvapara – throw of two and Kali- the throw of one, worst of all.

This corresponds to the golden sayings in Tamil Proverbs

It advises Tamils to beyond the seas and bring treasures. Another proverb says If you sit and eat, even a hill of treasure will melt away. Oldest Tamil book says that a person can be separated from his wife for traveling to study, business or war.

Hindu Ascetics are advised to travel without stopping in a place for more than 24 hours. They can stay in a place for Four Months (Chatur Masya Vrata) only during rainy season.

Kalidasa’s Meghaduta is the oldest Travel Guide in the world. It describes each and every place from the centre of India to the Himalayas.

Aitareya Brahmana continues,

“The wanderer finds honey and the sweet Udumbara fruit (fig); behold the beauty of the sun, who is not wearied by his wanderings. Therefore, wander, wander!

–Aitareya Brahmana 7-3-15

 

Mahabharata on Travel,

The union with brother, mother, father and friend is like that of travellers in an inn

-Vyasa in Mbh. Shanti parva 28(41)

 

Without travelling to a foreign land, one does not obtain glory, fame, knowledge of accomplishments or anything – Kathakosa

The self-respecting person finds his own worth that he is able, worthy and can attempt and know by journeying in alien lands.

-Vishnusharma, Panchatantra, Book 1.

 

BAN ON BRAHMINS AND WOMEN!

Very interesting thing about travel is overseas  travel for Brahmins is banned by Manu Smrti and for women by the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam.

 

So Brahmins and women should not go abroad (from India)

 

–SUBHAM–

 

ON WEALTH- THE RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA (Post No.4924)

ON WEALTH- THE RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA (Post No.4924)


WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 17 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  14-49 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4924

 

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Rig Veda is the oldest book in the world. Tamil Veda is Tirukkural written by Tiruvalluvar, the greatest of the Tamil poets, who lived around 5th century CE. Tamil Nadu government placed him in 30 BCE.

Tiruvalluvar, Kavasa Ailushan and Grtsamada- all the three poets praise wealth (money). They know the importance of wealth. Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar makes it very clear that this world in not for the poor.

 

Let us look at a few verses from both the Rig Veda and the Tamil Veda Tirukkural.

“As those without money (wealth) can have no enjoyments in this world so also are those without compassion denied the blessings of the world above (heaven)”—Kural/couplet 247

 

The poor may sometimes (by winning a lottery prize, finding a treasure trove)  prosper, but those without compassion will be ruined without redemption – Kural 248

 

It is interesting to note that Valluvar insists one should have money but money may come and go, but compassion once gone, gone for ever, no redemption.

Money and wealth are compared with the wheel of a cart, elsewhere in the Rig Veda. It goes up and down.

 

Now look at what the Vedic poets say about wealth: –

The Right Way to Wealth

Rishi- Kavasha, son of Elusha

Rig Veda 10-31-2

Let a man think well of wealth, and try to

win it by the path of Law and by worship;

and let him consult his own intellect

and grasp with his mind greater ability

 

 

And in another hymn,

Rishi Gritsamada

RV 2-21-6

 

Bestow on us, Indra, the best of treasures;

the efficient mind and great brilliance

the increase of wealth, the health of bodies

the sweetness of speech and the fairness of days.

 

Bring thou to us wealth with the power to strike – says another rishi/seer in RV3-46-4

xxx

 

But the Brihadaranyaka (Big Forest Upanishad) Upanishad warns money wont help a person in the other world:-

Through wealth there is no hope of immortality

–Br.U. 4-5

What should I do with worldly wealth by which I cannot become immortal?

 

–Maitreyi to Yajnavalkya in Br.Up. 2-4-3

 

That is the reason Hindu seers erected the Hindu building on the four pillars of Dharma, Artha , Kama, and Moksha ( Virtue, Wealth, Pleasure and Salvation.)

Seers insist that one should find a balance between the four and they say one should have one or two  without affecting the others in the four.

Tirukkural followed the same pattern and Valluvar divided his book into three chapters: Virtue, Wealth and Pleasure.

It is also interesting to note that the same order is recited in the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam in at least two or three verses.

 

–Subham–

 

 

 

 

MILTON AND RIG VEDA ON LIGHT (Post No.4921)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  15-51 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4921

 

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GAYATRI Mantra/hymn is the most powerful mantra in the Rig Veda and it is found in other Vedas as well. It is a great wonder that mantra which reverberated on the banks of River Sarasvati and later Sindhu (Indus) and Ganges is still chanted by millions in India. While Brahmins only were chanting in those days and in recent years, great saints like Chinmayananda and Sathya Sai baba made it popular among other communities as well.

 

The meaning of the Mantra is

Let us meditate on that excellent glory of the divine vivifying Sun (light) and May He enlighten us.

There are lot of Mantras/hymns on Ushas (the dawn):

Immortal Ushas, please by praise

What mortal may enjoy they days!

Who, mighty one, can reach thy place!

Rig Veda 1-30-20

 

The parallelism of thought is very remarkable, between the general Vedic concept of Ushas with the lines of blind poet Milton.

 

Compare the following lines on Ushas (Dawn)

 

English poet, though blind, sings about light in the following lines:

 

“Hail, holy light, offspring of Heaven first born,

Or of the eternal, co-eternal beam

May I express thee unblamed? since God is light,

And never but unapproached light

Dwelt from eternity, dwell thou in me,

Bright effluence of bright essence increate

Or hear’st thou rather, pure ethereal stream,

Whose fountain who shall tell? Before the sun

Before the heavens thou wert, and at the voice

Of God, as with a mantle, didst invest

The rising world of waters dark and deep

Won from the void and formless infinite.

Paradise Lost, Book 3

 

The Rig Veda says

Fair as a bride embellished by her mother thou showest forth thy form that all may see it

Blessed art thou, O dawn. Shine yet more widely. No other Dawns have reached what thou attainest.

 

Rich in cattle, horses, and all goodly treasurers, in constant operation with the sunbeams,

 

The Dawns depart and come again assuming their wonted forms that promise happy fortune.

Obedient to the reins of Law Eternal give us each thought that more and more shall bless us.

Sine thou on us today, Dawn, swift to listen. With us be riches and with chiefs who worship.

RV 1-123

 

Upanishads say,

To the illumined soul the Self is all. For Him, who sees everywhere oneness, how can there be delusion or grief?

–Isha Upanishad 7

The whole world is illumined by His ilight.

–Sveteshvatara Upanishad 6-14

 

Milton also said God is Light (see above)

 

–Subham–

 

RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA ON GAMBLING (Post No.4907)

RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA ON GAMBLING (Post No.4907)

 

Research Article Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 12 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  10-33 am  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4907

 

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Dice is a Vice; Be Wise and slip out Nicely! –The Rig Veda (10-34)

 

It is very interesting to see both Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, and the Tamil Veda Tirukkural, the greatest Tamil book, oppose gambling. Both point out the evils of gambling. This message is very relevant even today. Unlike the olden days now Governments themselves are encouraging gambling by conducting lotteries in almost all the countries. Only when poor people lost everything and started stealing and robbing, they put some limits for spending or gambling in casinos. All the people knew this is only an eyewash. Governments get more funds from horse races, betting shops and lotteries. In London and other western cities every bazar street has at least three to four Betting shops. It makes people to think that they can make good money without working. Even Manu, the oldest law maker in the world lists gambling as an evil.

 

The longest epic in the world with two million lines, The Mahabharata, is an epic based on the evils of gambling. In those days, even kings gambled their countries.

 

Let us compare the famous Gambling Hymn in the Rig Veda and the chapter on gambling in the Tamil Veda Tirukkural written by Tiru Valluvar.

The author of the Rig Vedic gambling hymn (10-34) is

a seer called Kavasa Ailushan.

Picture posted by Lalgudi Veda

 

It is in the last mandala of the RV (10-34). This describes the lament of a gambler and the advice he gives to the world. A very interesting poem!

 

Dice is a Vice; Be wise and slip out Nicely!

The poem has 14 stanzas or mantras; the summary of the poem is: –

Gambling gives pleasure like the Soma drink from Mujawan mountains ( no one is sure about its location; only guess work).

 

My wife was very nice to me and my friends. She never got angry; but I drove her out after losing in the gambling (What a shame!)

 

Wives don’t like it; mother and mother in law hate it. They think that the person is going wrong.

My father, mother, wife and sons say- We do not know this fellow, take him out! (like a drunkard on the roadside)

Every time I go to the casino; I think I am going to win! But the dice favours only my opponent (very much disappointing)

 

The dice go up and down and dance. They are like the coal that burns my heart.

The gambler goes to others’ houses in the night ( to steal or borrow money)

The gambler feels remorseful when he sees the status of his wife and wives of others. He started the day with good hopes and finished it miserably.

Now I open both my palms to show I have nothing on me now. (I am bankrupt)

Good Advice!

Do not play with the dice.

Better till your lands and be content (with what you harvest there)

Only when you feel content, thinking that is plenty, you will feel happy and regain your wife. This is God’s advice. Savita Devi told me this!

(To the dice coins, the gambler say)–

Don’t be angry with me; be my friend. Do not attack me. Let your anger fall on the misers. Go to my enemy and let him fall in your trap.

 

Family might have enjoyed the winning money; but they are not ready to share the sin.

The game of the dice was played in public places such as halls (compare it with modern casinos)

The sound of the rolling dice is luring; I vow not to repeat the mistake; but the sound of the rolling dice and friends pull me towards it. I run to it like a woman runs to the meeting place to see her lover.

After losing I look like an old horse ready to be sold (unwanted stuff).

Mysterious Number 53

There is one stanza which baffles every translator.

The group of the avowed gamblers plays the game, divided into three five (tri pancha in Sanskrit); or three times five or in a group of fifty three. – Sayana takes it as 53 coins in the gambling; Ludwik says 15;it shows Vedic language is very difficult to understand. Though we have detailed report about Dice Games in Nala Charita and Mahabharata, still we could not solve this mysterious Tri pancha!!!)

In the same way, ‘To the great captain of your mighty army’ is translated as the big number in Dice by some and  as Kali, the losing throw by others. Vedic language is several thousand years old; no one can translate it correctly; Griffith attempted to translate it in English and say that the meaning is obscure, the meaning is uncertain in every other page; Mischief makers like Max Muller say they followed Sayana, but use their own interpretations; Sayana of 13th century himself only guessed the meaning several thousand years after the Vedic seers recited it!

The dice are made with Vibhitaka seeds- no one knew the plant!

 

TIRUKKURAL

Now let us compare it with the Tamil Veda Tirukkural:

Tiru Valluvar described the evils of gambling in ten couplets ( Chapter 94; from 931 to 940)

 

931.Do not take to gambling even if you can win.

What can the fish gain by swallowing the baited hook?

  1. To win once, the gambler loses a hundred to foes. What good can gamblers gain in life? Nothing but loss.

933.Were a man to speak incessantly of that which he gains by rolling dice, the wealth would leave him and pass on to others.

934.Gambling increases miseries and ruins one’s fame. There is nothing that reduces one to poverty like that.

935.Many who took pleasure in gambling and gambling booths, proud of their skill in dice have been ruined.

 

(like the Rig Vedic seer, Tiru Valluvar also talks about casinos/gambling booths. Like Rig Veda, we see the miserable status of the gambler here, loosing fame and standing like on old unwanted horses, ready to be sold).

938.Gambling ruins a man’s fortune, makes him resort to falsehood.

This can be compared with the night visit of the gambler in the Veda (for stealing or borrowing).

 

  1. The five things

clothing

wealth

food

fame and

learning/education

avoid a person who takes to gambling

 

  1. Passion for gambling grows with every loss. It is craving for life which grows through all suffering.

This can be compared to a woman running to see her lover kin the Rig Veda. The more she is separated the more she longs to see him. A person who is sick wants to live longer.

In the Kural couplet 936 , Tiruvalluvar refers to Hindu goddess of Misfortune Muudevi (Mukati in Tamil). He says gambling is the ogress misfortune.

Manu also refers to the evils of gambling in at least 20 couplets.

–Subham–

 

 

OLDEST POEM ABOUT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL FOREST! (Post No.4896)

OLDEST POEM ABOUT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL FOREST! (Post No.4896)

 

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 8 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  20-38 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4896

 

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Rig Veda is a treasure house. It is the encyclopaedia of human race. Since it is the only book about humanity in the ancient world, everything said in it is carefully analysed. There is a beautiful poem about Forest and Queen of the Forest in the tenth mandala, the last of the ten mandalas/divisions in the Rig Veda.

We come across beautiful description of the forest by the poet. The queen of the forest is called ARANYAANI. The beauty of the word ARANYAM is that it is found in all Indian languages including Tamil. Vedaranyam, Dharbaranyam (Tirunallaru), Vadaranyam (Tiru Alankadu) in Tamil Nadu, Naimisaranyam, Dandakaranyam in the North are famous.

Like many Rig Vedic words, it is very common. The Goddess of the Forest is addressed by the poet.

This highlights many points

Hindus cared about environment several thousand years before any other community in the world.

Hindus appreciated and respected nature than any other community. Note the words Queen, Goddess etc.

Hindus worshipped everything in Nature.

The method of addressing is followed even by the 2000 year old Tamil Sangam poets: The poet says Aranyaanii! Aranyaanii! Tamils used such repetitions in Purananauru verses–195, 228, 256, 285, 301 etc

 

Let us look at the short poem or hymn now:

1.Goddess of the Forest! Goddess of the Forest! who seem to vanish from the sight.

How is it you seek not the village? Are you not afraid?

2.What time the grasshopper replies and swells the shrill Chichika bird’s voice

seeming to sound the tinkling bells, the Lady of the Wood exults

3.And yonder, cattle seem to graze, what seems a dwelling place appears;

Or else at evening the Lady of the Forest seems to free the wains.

4.Here one is calling to his house, another has felled the tree;

At evening the dweller in the wood fancies that somebody has screamed.

5.The Goddess never slays, unless some murderous enemy approach

She eats fruit and then takes, even as she wills, rest.

6.Now have I praised the Forest Queen, sweet scented, redolent of balm,

The Mother of all Sylvan things, who tills not but has stores of food.

–Rig Veda 10-146

 

Probably this is the oldest and most beautiful poem on Forest. The scent of the forest, the sounds heard in the forest, the strength of the forest (she doesn’t need to plough and cultivate), the vegetarian food of the forest queen, the title as Queen, the status as Goddess- all such words and epithets show great appreciation for the forest.

 

One wonders how come the forest is not afraid, but every one of us fears it because of the wild animals and the robbers hiding there.

The chirping of the birds and crickets is not missed by the poet.

The evening scenes are picturesque: – a cart is rolling, cows are mowing, some sounds similar to crying (from animals) are heard, someone sees a house at a distance with lamps perhaps.

 

The forest never hurts any one unless a person hurts it.  The forest never cultivates, ploughs or raise trees; but they grow on their own and always full of fruits—all appreciation!

 

It is as if we are beginning to read a story or novel. The authors always describe such scenes and proceed to their plot of the story.

If we imagine that this hymn is sung in the Bhoopaala Raga, it will add more colour to it.

In Sanskrit and Tamil we have Suprabatham and Tiru Palli Ezuchi. It may be the prelude to that genre.

 

–Subham—

 

 

என் குழந்தை ஏன் சம்ஸ்கிருதம் படிக்க வேண்டும்? – 4 (Post No.4867)

என் குழந்தை ஏன் சம்ஸ்கிருதம் படிக்க வேண்டும்? – 4 (Post No.4867)

 

Date: MARCH 31, 2018

 

 

Time uploaded in London- 5-35 am

 

 

WRITTEN by S NAGARAJAN

 

 

Post No. 4867

 

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சம்ஸ்கிருதச் சிறப்பு :

நீங்கள் படிப்பது அயர்லாந்து சம்ஸ்கிருத ஆசிரியர் ரட்கெர் கோர்டன்ஹார்ஸ்ட் நிகழ்த்திய உரையின் இறுதிப் பகுதி.

 

என் குழந்தை ஏன் சம்ஸ்கிருதம் படிக்க வேண்டும்? – 4

 

ச.நாகராஜன்

நரேந்திரா தனது வழிமுறை அரவிந்தராலும் அன்னையாலும் தரப்பட்டது என்று கூறுகிறார். அந்த வழிமுறையைத் தான் நாங்கள் இங்கு டப்ளினில்  இன்று கடைப்பிடிக்கிறோம்.

அன்னை கூறிய பல ஊக்கமூட்டும் மொழிகளில் இதுவும் ஒன்று:-

“Teach logically. Your method should be most natural, efficient and stimulating to the mind. It should carry one forward at a great pace. You need not cling there to any past or present manner of teaching.”

 

 

Renaissance எனப்படும் மறுமலர்ச்சியின் 500 ஆண்டு கால சுழற்சியைப் பார்ப்போம்.

 

ஐரோப்பாவின் கடைசி மறுமலர்ச்சி நாம் வாழும் இன்றைய உலகை மாற்றி அமைத்த மூன்று விஷயங்களை மேம்படுத்தியது.

கலை, இசை மற்றும் விஞ்ஞானம்!

 

நாஸாவின்  ஸ்பேஸ் புரொகிராம் (விண்வெளித் திட்டம்) இன்ஃபர்மேஷன் டெக்னாலஜி மற்றும் ஆர்டிஃபிஷியல் இண்டெலிஜென்ஸ் ஆகியவற்றிற்கு சம்ஸ்கிருதத்தைப் பயன்படுத்த அதி தீவிர முயற்சியை எடுத்து வருகிறது.

ஸ்ரீ அரவிந்தர் கூறினார்:

 

”…. at once majestic and sweet and flexible,  strong and clearly formed and full and vibrant and subtle…”

 

ஜான் ஸ்காட்ஸ் பள்ளி மாணவர்கள் கூறுவது இது:-

 

It makes your mind bright, sharp and clear.

It makes you feel peaceful and happy.

It makes you feel BIG.

It clears and loosens your tongue so you can pronounce any language easily.

 

நாஸாவில் உள்ள சம்ஸ்கிருத ஆர்வலர் ரிக் ப்ரிக்ஸ் (rick Briggs)  கூறுகிறார்:-

 

It gives you access to a vast and liberating literature.

It can describe all aspects of human life from the most abstract philosophical to the latest scientific discoveries, hinting at further development.

 It can describe all aspects of human life from the most abstract philosophical to the latest scientific discoveries, hinting at further developments.

Sanskrit and computers are a perfect fit. The precision play of Sanskrit with computer tools will awaken the capacity in human beings to utilize their innate higher mental faculty with a momentum that would inevitably transform the mind. In fact, the mere learning of Sanskrit by large numbers of people in itself represents a quantum leap in consciousness, not to mention the rich endowment it will provide in the arena of future communication. NASA, California

After many thousands of years, Sanskrit still lives with a vitality that can breathe life, restore unity and inspire peace on our tired and troubled planet. It is a sacred gift, an opportunity. The future could be very bright.

 

நாஸாவின் ரிக் ப்ரிக்ஸ் (rick Briggs)  கூறும் வார்த்தைகளையே எனது கடைசி வார்த்தைகளாகக் கூறுகிறேன்:-

 

One thing is certain; Sanskrit will only become the planetary language when it is taught in a way which is exiting and enjoyable. Furthermore it must address individual learning inhibitions with clarity and compassion in a setting which encourages everyone to step forth, take risks, make mistakes and learn.

Rick Briggs [NASA]

 

***

சம்ஸ்கிருதத்தின் சிறப்பு பற்றிய இந்தத் தொடர் முற்றும்.

இதன் ஆங்கில மூலத்தை அடுத்த கட்டுரையாகக் காணலாம்.

 

CHANAKYA AND TAMIL POET VALLUVAR ON EDUCATION (Post No.4859)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 MARCH 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  16-47

 

Post No. 4859

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

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(பிறர் எழுதியதைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் மனைவியைத் திருடுபவனும் பிறர் பொருளைத் திருடுபவனும் ஒன்றே – ஐன்ஸ்டீனின் அண்ணன்பெர்னார்ட் ஷாவின் தம்பிகாந்திஜியின் தாத்தா சொன்னது)

 

It gives great pleasure to see the same thoughts in two great men Chanakya (3rd century BCE) and Tiruvalluvar (Fourth or Fifth Century CE  dated linguistically, first century BCE dated politically).

 

On Education

Handsome and young , born in high families, if uneducated, would look no good like the Kimsuka trees with no fragrance.

Chankaya Niti 3-5

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

Those who are unable to elucidate their learning are like a cluster of blossoms without fragrance- Kural 650

 

Letters and Numbers are the two eyes of man – Kural 392

xxxx

 

Learned Men = Citizens of the World!

A learned man wins admiration in the world, he gets honour, everything is obtained through knowledge, knowledge is revered everywhere- 8-20

 

What excessive weight is there for those possessed of strength,?

what is distant for the energetic,

what is a foreign country for the learned and

who is alien for the one with sweet tongue?

3- 13

 

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar says,

The learned find their home and town everywhere. Why not learn and learn till death –Kural 397

 

xxxx

Ugly ones and Educated

The beauty of cuckoos is in their sweet cooing, that of women in their faithfulness and loyalty to their husbands, that of ugly ones in their knowledge and that of ascetics in forgiveness.

3-6

Tiruvalluvar says,

A wife who may not worship God but wakes up with worshipful devotion to her husband has the power to make rain fall at her bidding- Kural 55

 

xxxx

Knowledge is Kamadhenu

Knowledge has in it the quality of the desire-yielding cow. It yields fruit even when there is no season for it. In foreign sojourn it acts like other. Knowledge is accepted as a secret treasure.4-5

Learning is the lasting joyful wealth; all other material wealth are lost in time – Kural 400

The heritage of culture acquired in one birth lasts to the seventh- Kural 399

 

xxx

 

Lower Birth and Higher Birth

What one has to do with a high family where there is no education. One born in a low family, if learned, is adored even by gods 8-19

 

Tiruvalluvar says,

Though high-born, an unlettered man is deemed lower than a leaned man of lower birth  – Kural 409

(I have already compared this to Sangam Tamil verse Purananuru 183 and Manu Smrti 10-65, 2-240, 2-234).

 

–subham-

 

 

POETS’ CLOSE OBSERVATION ON BEES! (Post No.4782)

Time uploaded in London- 19-48

Written by London swaminathan

Post No. 4782

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources. They may not be directly related to the article. They are only representational.

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Tamil and Sanskrit poets are keen observers of nature. We have already seen how Dattatreya and others observed the nature and learnt from them. Crows and snakes are used by the poets and saints to teach us lot of things. Two poets warn us not to accumulate money so that we would not lose like the bees. William Wordsworth said, ‘Let Nature be your Teacher’; Hindu poets have been following it for over two thousand years. Here are two verses about the bees:

Chanakya says,

The pious people should always give food and money in charity, never should they accumulate them. The glory of the illustrious Karna, Bali and Vikramditya persists unabated even now. Look, the honey bees rub their hands and feet because of the despondency of losing honey that they had gathered for long.

–Chanakya Niti 11-18

 

deyam bhojyadhanam sadaa sukruthirbinaa sanchitavyam sadaa

sriikarnasya nhaleerasca vikramateradhyaapi kiirtihi sthithaa

 

asmaakammadhu daanabogarahitam nashtam chiraat sanchitam

wirvaanaaditi paanipaathayugale garshantyaho makshikaahaa

xxx

A Tamil poet in Naladiyar says………………

Naladiyaar is a Tamil didactic book composed by Jain saints in Tamil. The poet Padumanaar, who compiled 400 verses, says,

“Those who vexing their own bodies by stinting in food and clothing, perform not acts of charity that ever remain undestroyed, but avariciously hoard up a great wealth, will lose it all. O Lord of the mountains, which touch the sky, the bees that are driven away from the honey they have collected bear testimony to this.

 

—-Subham–

 

 

 

CHANAKYA ON WOMEN’S MIGHTY POWER!!! (Post No.4680)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan

Date: 30 JANUARY 2018

Time uploaded in London – 7-27 am

Post No. 4680

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Chanakya, the great genius, who lived 2300 years ago in India had given his views on various topics and issues in addition to his monumental work Athashastra—the first Economics book in the world. Following are his comments on wife and women found in his didactic work Chanakyaniti.

 

One should accept nectar even from poison, gold even from filth, knowledge even from a lowly person and a jewel of a woman even from a lowly family

Chankaya niti, chapter 1, sloka/verse17

Vishaadapyamrutam graahyamedhyaadapi kaancanam

Niicaadapyuttamaam vidhyaam striiratnam dushkulaadapi

 

A Tamil poet in Purananuru says that the king would call for service one from the lowest of the four Varnas if he is more educated. Manu says that a person can learn from the lowest caste and treat him like Guru. He also says women can be married from any caste if they are good. Vasistha’s wife Arundhati is shown as an example.

 

 

Xxxx

Woman’s Sex Drive

 

The diet of a woman is twice, the intellect four times, the boldness/ courage six times, and sex drive eight times that of man

Chankaya niti, chapter 1, sloka/verse18

Aahaaro dwigunah striinaam buddhistaasaam chaturgunaa

Shatgunoadhyavasaayasca kaamascaashtagunah smrutah

 

Xxxx

 

Beauty of a Woman

The beauty of cuckoos is in their sweet cooing, that of women in their faithfulness and loyalty to their husbands, that of ugly ones in their knowledge and that of ascetics is in their forgiveness.

 

Chapter 3, sloka 6

Kokilaanaam swaro ruupam striinaam ruupam pativratam

Vidhyaa ruupam kuruupom kshamaa ruupam tapasvinaam

 

Ascetic’s anger wont last even for a moment because their nature is to forgive, says Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar.

Xxxx

 

Bell metal is cleansed with ashes, brass with acid, a woman with menstruation, and  a river with speed.

Chapter 6, sloka 3

 

Basmanaa sudhyate kaamsyam taamramamleena sudhyati

Rajasaa sudhyate narii nadhii vegena sudhyati

 

Xxxx

 

Woman on the move is wrong!

 

A king on the move gains respect, so do a Brahmin and a Yogi/saint, but a woman doing so comes to nought.

Chapter 6, sloka 4

Braman sampuujyaterajaa braman sampuujyate dwijah

Braman sampuujyate yogi strii bramantii vinasyati

Xxx

Wife’s sin goes to Husband!

 

The sin committed by the country goes to the king, that committed by the king goes to his priest, that committed by a woman goes to her husband and that pupil goes to his teacher.

Chapter 6, sloka 6

Raja raashtrakrutam paapam  raaknjah paapam purohitah

Bhartaa ca striikrutam  paapam sishyapaapam gurustathaa

 

Xxx

Don’t Marry!!!!

 

It is better not to have kingdom but not the kingdom of a bad king

 

It is better not to have a friend than to have a bad one

 

It is better not to have a student than to have a bad one

 

It is better not to have wife than to have a bad one.

 

Chapter 6, sloka 12

 

Varam na raajyam kuraajaraajyam varam na mitram na kumitra mitram

Varam na sihyo  na kushishyasishyo varam na daaraa  na kudaaradaaraah

 

xxxxxxxx

A Woman’s Strength!

The prowess of arms is the strength of king, that of  a Brahmin versed in the Veda is in knowledge of the Vedic lore  ,  beauty, sweetness and youth are the   unsurpassed strength of  women

 

Chapter 7, sloka 11

Baahuviiryam balam raaknjobraahmano brahmavid bhalii

Ruupayauvanamaadhuryam striinaam balamanuttamam

 

Source Book: Canakyaniti, Translated by Satya Vrat Shastri

xxx