MILTON AND RIG VEDA ON LIGHT (Post No.4921)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  15-51 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4921

 

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GAYATRI Mantra/hymn is the most powerful mantra in the Rig Veda and it is found in other Vedas as well. It is a great wonder that mantra which reverberated on the banks of River Sarasvati and later Sindhu (Indus) and Ganges is still chanted by millions in India. While Brahmins only were chanting in those days and in recent years, great saints like Chinmayananda and Sathya Sai baba made it popular among other communities as well.

 

The meaning of the Mantra is

Let us meditate on that excellent glory of the divine vivifying Sun (light) and May He enlighten us.

There are lot of Mantras/hymns on Ushas (the dawn):

Immortal Ushas, please by praise

What mortal may enjoy they days!

Who, mighty one, can reach thy place!

Rig Veda 1-30-20

 

The parallelism of thought is very remarkable, between the general Vedic concept of Ushas with the lines of blind poet Milton.

 

Compare the following lines on Ushas (Dawn)

 

English poet, though blind, sings about light in the following lines:

 

“Hail, holy light, offspring of Heaven first born,

Or of the eternal, co-eternal beam

May I express thee unblamed? since God is light,

And never but unapproached light

Dwelt from eternity, dwell thou in me,

Bright effluence of bright essence increate

Or hear’st thou rather, pure ethereal stream,

Whose fountain who shall tell? Before the sun

Before the heavens thou wert, and at the voice

Of God, as with a mantle, didst invest

The rising world of waters dark and deep

Won from the void and formless infinite.

Paradise Lost, Book 3

 

The Rig Veda says

Fair as a bride embellished by her mother thou showest forth thy form that all may see it

Blessed art thou, O dawn. Shine yet more widely. No other Dawns have reached what thou attainest.

 

Rich in cattle, horses, and all goodly treasurers, in constant operation with the sunbeams,

 

The Dawns depart and come again assuming their wonted forms that promise happy fortune.

Obedient to the reins of Law Eternal give us each thought that more and more shall bless us.

Sine thou on us today, Dawn, swift to listen. With us be riches and with chiefs who worship.

RV 1-123

 

Upanishads say,

To the illumined soul the Self is all. For Him, who sees everywhere oneness, how can there be delusion or grief?

–Isha Upanishad 7

The whole world is illumined by His ilight.

–Sveteshvatara Upanishad 6-14

 

Milton also said God is Light (see above)

 

–Subham–

 

TREES AND STARS- HINDU WAY OF SAVING ENVIRONMENT (Post No.4904)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 11 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  17-10  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4904

 

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Hindus allocated one tree to every temple and made them holy. It helped to save environment. It helped to save and grow more forest. Every temple has a garden called Nanda Vanam. Because of the Muslim invaders and their destructive activities it slowly dis appeared in North India. But in the South several big and famous temples maintain the old tradition.

 

In the same way Hindus designated one tree for every star. Hindus cast their horoscope when a baby is born and it falls under one of the 27 stars in the Zodiac. That means each one will take care of their tree or plant, worship it and respect it.

 

The following list is taken from Malayalam sources; so the plants names are in Malayalam

 

Nowhere in the world we can see such a systematic protection of plants. Here is the list of Stars and Plants:

1.ASWINI – BETA ARIETIS – KANJIRAM (Nux Vomica plant)

2.BHARANI – 35 ARIETIS – NELLI (Phyllanthus Embilica)

3.KRITTIKA – ETA TAURI/PLEIADES – ARTHI (Ficus oppostifolia)

4.ROHINI – ALDEBARAN – NJAVAL (Zyzygium jambolanum)

5.MRIGASIRSHAM- LAMBDA ORIONIS- KARINGALI (Mimosa catechu)

 

6.THIRUVADIRAI/ARUDRA- BETELGEUSE- KARIMARAM (Terminalia alata)

7.PUNARVASU- BETA GEMINORUM- MULA (Bamboo)

8.PUSHYA – DELTA CANCERI – PEEPAL (Ficus religiosa)

9.AYILYAM/ASLESHA- ALPHA HYDROE – NAKAM (Heritiera littoralis)

10.MAKAM /MAGHA- REGULUS – PERAL/ VATA (Ficus indica)

11.POORAM/PURVA PALGUNI – DELTA LEONIS- PALASH (Butea frondosa)

12.UTHRAM – UTHIRA PALGUNI- BETA LEONIS- ITHTHI (Ficus venosa)

13.HASTHAM – DELTA CORVI- AMPAZHAM- (Spondias Mangifera)

14.CHITRA- SPICA VIRGINIS- KOOVALAM- Crateva religiosa

15.SWATI- ARCTURUS- NERMARUTHU (Penteptera arjuna)

16.VISAKAM- ALPHA LIBRAE – VAYYAMKATHUKU- (sSida retusa)

 

17.ANURADHA- DELTA SCORPIO- ILANJI (Mimusops elengi)

18.JYESHTA- KETTAI- ANTARES- VETTI (Physalis flexuosa)

19.MOOLAM/MULA- LAMBDA SCORPI- PINE

20.PURDAM/PURVA ASHADA- DELTA SAGITTARI- VANNI (Prosopis spicigera)

21.UTHRADAM- UTHRA ASHADA-  SIGMA SAGITTARI- PILAVU (jack fruit)

22.ONAM- SRAVANA – ALPHA AQUILOE- ERUKKU (Calotropis gigantean)

23.AVITTAM/DHANISHTA- BETA DELPHINUM – VANHI (Plumbago ceylanica)

24.SATHAYAM/SATHABISHAK- LAMBDA AQUARIUS- KATAMBU (Nauclea Cadamba)

25.POORATTADI- PURVA BHADRAPADA- ALPHA PEGASI- MANGO TREE

26.UTTRATTADI- UTTARA BHADRAPADA- GAMA PEGASI- KARIMPANA- (Borassus flabelliformis)

27.REVATHI – ZETA PISCUM- IRIPPA (Bassia latifolia)

–subham–

 

FAMOUS TREES OF NORTH INDIA (Post No.4902)

Kadamba Tree that Lord Krishna used at Chirghat, UP

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 10 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  21-36  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4902

 

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The Mythology of Plants (Mythologie des Plants) says that in 17th century Hindus worshipped a Banyan tree near Surat (Gujarat), supposed to be 3000 years old. Hindus showed full respect to the tree and they never plucked even a leaf from it. They carved a head figure on the tree, just above the ground level, and worshipped it. They furnished it eyes in gold or silver. They decorated it with different garlands.

 

Even when Hindus cut the trees they asked for pardon. When the Vedic priest cut a tree for the sacrificial post (Yupa Stambha), the priest was instructed to place a blade of Dharba (holy) grass between the axe and the tree, saying “Oh Grass, shield it” and then before striking, to say, “Oh Axe, hurt not”.

From the Vedic days, they knew that trees or living beings and it also feels the pain. Western botanists ‘discovered’ it only a few hundred years ago!

 

From the Vedas to Kalidasa, we find slokas or hymns praising the trees. North Indian villagers wont taste the mangoes until they marry one of the mango trees to a Tamarind tree. Even Kalidasa has mentioned the marriage of Navamallika plant with a mango tree. Soma plant occupies one full Mandala (ninth) out of the Ten Mandalas of Rig Veda.

 

Banyan Tree at Prayag

Banyan Tree worship and Pipal Tree worship are very popular in North India. In Valmiki Ramayana, the banyan tree (Akshay Vat) was praised. The descendant of this tree which was situated at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati in Prayag (Allahabad in U.P.) was worshipped. People used to commit suicide by jumping into Ganges from the top of the tree. After the death of a Rashtrakuta king 150 women including the queens committed suicide in this way. This tree was famous even when Chinese traveller Huan Tsang visited India. He had mentioned it in his travels.

 

Neem tree was worshipped at times of prevalence of small pox, chicken pox etc. Almost all the trees are worshipped by the Hindus. Hindu Brahmacharis (students) used to carry the staff made up of Palash tree (Butea frondosa). Even Kalidasa mentioned it in Kumarasambhava (canto 5). There is no plant that is not worshipped by the Hindus.

 

Interesting descriptions of Tree Worship are found in old District Gazetteers of British India.

A giant jack tree in Travancore, called ‘Ammachi Pilavu’, which bestowed asylum to the Ettuvettil Pillamar, the warriors of the eight household, has been declared a national monument by the Government of Kerala. Some jack trees near famous temples have become objects of worship.

 

The Pala (Neirum antidygentiarum) tree is notorious for its association with goblins, fairies and other evil spirits. Nobody cuts it. The trunk of the Pala tree standing inside the eastern compound of the temple at Chottanikkara is full of nails. Spirits are imprisoned in this plant and they cant escape because of the power of Chottanikkara Goddess Bhagavati.

 

Kadamba Tree of Chirghat

In the Brindavan area, there is a Kadamba tree on the banks of River Yamuna. it is believed that Krishna stole the clothes of Gopi girls while they were worshipping Katyayani Devi with sand (sand dolls as we find in Tamil Tiruppavai of Andal and Ambavatal of Sangam literature Pari patal). This tree has become famous. There is another Kadamba tree with the same legend. It is possible Krishna was using different trees on different occasions.

 

( I have already written about the four huge and famous banyan trees in India, the tree at Kurukshetra, two famous trees in Perur, Tamil Nadu, The Bodhi tree of Buddha Gaya, Azinjil (ankola) tree of Tiruvakkarai in Tamil Nadu, Tamarind trees of Nammalvar and musician Tansen, the real ghost on a tamarind tree, the genetic change of a Palmyra by Tamil saint Sambandar etc in separate articles in this blog)

Seven branched Palmyra tree at Kallal, Tamil Nadu

 

–subham–

 

 

FAMOUS TREES OF TAMIL NADU (Post No.4899)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 9 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  20-43  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4899

 

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There are many famous trees in Tamil Nadu. Some are famous because of its age or due to its holiness. The banyan tree in Adyar, Chennai is famous because of its huge size. It is damaged in several storms.

There are two holy trees in Perur near Coimbatore. They are called Iravap Panai and Piravaap Puli. In Tamil it rhymes very well. The rough translation of the words is The Palmyra Tree that never dies and the Tamarind Tree that is never born.

The story about the Palmyra tree is that its bark is used in medicines which will give one a long-life span. There is another explanation about its never dying nature.

 

The story about the Tamarind tree is that its seeds never grow. Even if it is sown it never germinates. It looks like both are not tested scientifically. But the belief is strong that the devotees visit the trees when they visit the temple.

There is a philosophical explanation as well. One would never be born again if he sees the Perur Lord Shiva like the Tamarind seed in the temple. And similarly devotees believe that those who worship Lord Shiva at Perur Temple will live for long.

So whether the trees have miraculous properties or not, the philosophy behind the trees teaches more than many philosophical works.

Neem Tree by Lalgudi Veda

In other words, William Wordsworth’s words have come true:

One impulse from a vernal wood

May teach you more of man,

Of moral evil and of good,

Than all the sages can.

 

Kadamba Tree

 

Inside the world famous Meenakshi Sundareswar Temple in Madurai, still a tree is preserved inside a fence. It is a Kadamba tree, the local temple tree (sthala Vrksha). Once upon a time Madurai area was a forest of Kadamba Trees and then a Pandya king built a temple in the area when the devotees reported some miracle inside the forest.

 

Mango Tree Inside Kanchi temple.

At the Ekambareswar temple in Kancheepural there is a livin mano tree which is considred very old. Its age is given between 3500 and 5000 years. Though it is not possible scientifically one tree after another might have been planted using the seeds of the same mango tree.

 

Vridhachalam: 1700 year old Vanni Tree

In Vridhachaam there is a Vanni Tree inside the Pazamalainathar Temple which is said to be 1700 year old. It is possible they used the same tree for continuous propagation.

 

Every temple in Tamil Nadu has a holy tree known as the Sthala Vrksha (local Temple Tree). It is heartening to note that Tamils had this custom of cultivating or raising a particular tree in every temple.

 

Famous Tamarind Trees

I have already written about the famous Tamarind Tree of Nammalvar, another tree associated with Tirumanagai Alvar, real ghost in Tamarind tree according to Sri Anantharama Dishitar and the Tamarind tree associated with Tansen (See below for the links to my old articles.)

 

Tansen and Tamarind Tree! Ghosts in Tamarind … – Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/tansen-and-tamarind-tree-ghosts-in-ta…

26 Mar 2016 – STORY OF FAMOUS TAMARIND TREES. 1.There is atamarind tree in Gwalior at the tomb of Tansen, the great singer of Moghul period. People believe that whoever chew the leaves of the tree will get a sweet voice. This, they believe due to the presence of the tomb of Tansen.Nammalvar and Tamarind …

Nammalvar | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/nammalvar/

People believe that whoever chew the leaves of the tree will get a sweet voice. This, they believe due to the presence of the tomb of Tansen.Nammalvar and Tamarind Tree. 2.There is another famous tamarind treeat Azvar Tirunagari in the far south of Tamil Nadu. Maran Sadagopan, later known as Nammazvar, one of the …

 

Trees of Wisdom | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/trees-of-wisdom/

 

Magic of Trees! Picture shows Newton under Apple Tree. Hindu Saints composed Upanishads under the Himalayan Trees. Buddha attained wisdom under the Bodhi Tree. Vaishnavite saint Nammalvar attained wisdom under a Tamarind tree. Sanatkumaras attained wisdom under the banyan tree. Saivaite saint …

 

sacred trees | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/sacred-trees/

6 Nov 2017 – The famous Bodhi tree in Gaya (Bihar, India) and its sister trees in Sri Lanka, Tamarind tree of Tansen and Nammalvar, Banyan Tree of Lord Krishna and Panchavati (five Banyan trees) of Lord Rama are some examples. There are hundreds of trees like these throughout India Every Tamil temple has a tree …

tree worship | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/tree-worship/

The famous Bodhi tree in Gaya (Bihar, India) and its sister trees in Sri Lanka, Tamarind tree of Tansen and Nammalvar, Banyan Tree of Lord Krishna and Panchavati (five Banyan trees) of Lord Rama are some examples. There are hundreds of trees like these throughout India Every Tamil temple has a tree worshipped in its …

 

 

Adi Shankara & Alangium hexapetalum | Swami’s Indology Blog

 

https://swamiindology.blogspot.com/2013/08/adi-shankara-alangium-hexapetalum.html

20 Aug 2013 – Adi Shankara, the greatest philosopher of India uses lot of similes from nature to illustrate Advaita philosophy. In one sloka he used four birds. I have written about it in my earlier post. One of his interesting observations is about a tree called Ankola in Sanskrit, Alinjil in Tamil andAlangium hexapetalum in …

 

Adi Sankara and Andal | Tamil and Vedas

 

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/adi-sankara-and-andal/

But there is a strange coincidence between Andal and Adi Shankara.Andal has

composed two poems Thiruppavai and Nachiar Thirumozi. Adi Shankara mentioned a plant known as Azinjil in Tamil and Ankola in Sanskrit, in his hymn Sivananda Lahari. Though Andal did not mention this plant in her hymn Nachiar …

 

 

 

—SUBHAM—

 

 

OLDEST POEM ABOUT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL FOREST! (Post No.4896)

OLDEST POEM ABOUT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL FOREST! (Post No.4896)

 

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 8 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  20-38 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4896

 

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Rig Veda is a treasure house. It is the encyclopaedia of human race. Since it is the only book about humanity in the ancient world, everything said in it is carefully analysed. There is a beautiful poem about Forest and Queen of the Forest in the tenth mandala, the last of the ten mandalas/divisions in the Rig Veda.

We come across beautiful description of the forest by the poet. The queen of the forest is called ARANYAANI. The beauty of the word ARANYAM is that it is found in all Indian languages including Tamil. Vedaranyam, Dharbaranyam (Tirunallaru), Vadaranyam (Tiru Alankadu) in Tamil Nadu, Naimisaranyam, Dandakaranyam in the North are famous.

Like many Rig Vedic words, it is very common. The Goddess of the Forest is addressed by the poet.

This highlights many points

Hindus cared about environment several thousand years before any other community in the world.

Hindus appreciated and respected nature than any other community. Note the words Queen, Goddess etc.

Hindus worshipped everything in Nature.

The method of addressing is followed even by the 2000 year old Tamil Sangam poets: The poet says Aranyaanii! Aranyaanii! Tamils used such repetitions in Purananauru verses–195, 228, 256, 285, 301 etc

 

Let us look at the short poem or hymn now:

1.Goddess of the Forest! Goddess of the Forest! who seem to vanish from the sight.

How is it you seek not the village? Are you not afraid?

2.What time the grasshopper replies and swells the shrill Chichika bird’s voice

seeming to sound the tinkling bells, the Lady of the Wood exults

3.And yonder, cattle seem to graze, what seems a dwelling place appears;

Or else at evening the Lady of the Forest seems to free the wains.

4.Here one is calling to his house, another has felled the tree;

At evening the dweller in the wood fancies that somebody has screamed.

5.The Goddess never slays, unless some murderous enemy approach

She eats fruit and then takes, even as she wills, rest.

6.Now have I praised the Forest Queen, sweet scented, redolent of balm,

The Mother of all Sylvan things, who tills not but has stores of food.

–Rig Veda 10-146

 

Probably this is the oldest and most beautiful poem on Forest. The scent of the forest, the sounds heard in the forest, the strength of the forest (she doesn’t need to plough and cultivate), the vegetarian food of the forest queen, the title as Queen, the status as Goddess- all such words and epithets show great appreciation for the forest.

 

One wonders how come the forest is not afraid, but every one of us fears it because of the wild animals and the robbers hiding there.

The chirping of the birds and crickets is not missed by the poet.

The evening scenes are picturesque: – a cart is rolling, cows are mowing, some sounds similar to crying (from animals) are heard, someone sees a house at a distance with lamps perhaps.

 

The forest never hurts any one unless a person hurts it.  The forest never cultivates, ploughs or raise trees; but they grow on their own and always full of fruits—all appreciation!

 

It is as if we are beginning to read a story or novel. The authors always describe such scenes and proceed to their plot of the story.

If we imagine that this hymn is sung in the Bhoopaala Raga, it will add more colour to it.

In Sanskrit and Tamil we have Suprabatham and Tiru Palli Ezuchi. It may be the prelude to that genre.

 

–Subham—

 

 

SERPENT WORSHIP IN GREECE AND ITALY (Post No.4874)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 2 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  13-34  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4874

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

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Worshipping snakes is a very common sight in India. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari we have thousands of towns and villages named after the snakes. Sanskrit words Naga and Sarpa gave birth to English words such as S +naga (snake) and Serpent (serpent). Thousands of snake (Naga) statues are worshipped in almost all famous temples in South India. Kashmir’s History book Nilamata purana and Kalahana’s Raja Tarangini give lot of stories about Naga Kings. Naga Panchami and Varuna Panchami, celebrating the snakes, are followed by devoted Hindus even today. Nilamata Purana CONTAINS AN EXTENSIVE LIST OF THE NAGAS. IT GIVES THE NAMES OF 527 NAGAS. It surpasses in length of all lists from Sanskrit literature.

 

Abul- Fazl, Prime Minister of Moghul Emperor Akbar, had collected interesting notes from Kashmir snake worship. He also mentioned the miraculous powers of Nagas.

 

Naga rani (snake queen) Naga worship were found in the Vedas and Indus valley (Please read my previous article)

Snake worship in Greece

In Greece serpent became the guardian of the city and healing god. Similar to Hindu myths of Krishna subduing Serpent Kaliya, Greeks have Apollo destroying dragon Python. Cadmus fought and killed the dragon that devoured his men.

Though Hercules is said to be the destroyer of serpents, he was the progenitor of snake race through Echidna.

 

Like Hindus feeding snakes living in ant hills, Greeks fed the snakes in the caves of Delphi and Trophonius. The serpents figure in Greek mythology as the representative of gods, or as delivering oracles, or guarding sacred places.

 

The great centre of Serpent worship was Epidaurus where the serpents were kept and fed until the time of Pausanias (second century CE).

Plutarch tells us that Olympias, mother of Alexander, kept tame snakes in her house. Philip and Lucian believed that Alexander was born of a serpent.

 

Tiberius imported Snakes from India!

Lanuvium, 16 miles from Rome, had a large and dark grove, where there was a temple of Argive Juno. Aelian tells us that virgins of Latium were taken in to the cave annually to ascertain their chastity, which was indicated by the dragon. If the serpent accepted their offering, not only was their purity  confirmed but also a fertile harvest was assured.

 

Two snakes sent by Minerva to destroy Laocoon for his attempt to undeceive the fated Trojans. Two serpents were painted on the walls to indicate the palace was sacred.

Roman Scipio Africanus believed that he was nursed by a snake.

Emperor Tiberius kept a tame serpent for his amusement but one morning when he found it was eaten by ants, he procured a large serpent from India and placed it in the temple of Jupiter Olympias at Athens.

My old articles on Nagas:–

Serpent Queen:Indus Valley to Sabarimalai | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/06/17/serpent-queenindus-valley-to-sabarimalai/

17 Jun 2012 – British archaeologist Arthur Evans excavated at the palace of Knossos in Crete and revealed to the world the fascinating details of a new civilization that existed between 2700 BC and 1500 BC coinciding with theIndus Valley Civilization. The famous serpent queen figure is of a priestess holding two snakes …

 

Nagas from Meera Rai Post

Snakes and Snake Bites in Mahabharata! | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2015/03/snakes-and-snake-bites-in-mahabharata.html

10 Mar 2015 – The stories in Hindu scriptures are real life stories. They are not concocted. The best examples are stories of snake bites. From the story of Parikshit to down south Tamil stories of Periya Purana and Tiruvilaiyadal Purana, we hear about several deaths due to snake bites. In some stories gods or saints came ..

 

included the Olmec, the Mixtec, the Toltec, the Aztec, and the Maya.

snake miracle | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/snake-miracle/

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com ORswamiindology.blogspot.com). sesha … Though there is no religion or culture without a snake in it, Hindus are the only community who worship snakes from the Vedic days until today. There are millions of … All the Hindu gods are linked with a snake in one way or another. All the .

 

Are Mayas, Indian Nagas? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/04/28/are-mayas-indian-nagas/

28 Apr 2012 – Maya calendar begins on 11th August 3114 BC. Indiancalendar Kaliyuga begins in 3102 BC. But Hindu mythology is very clear about their existence long before Kali yuga. Kaliyuga is the last of the four yugas. But Mayas are silent about their existence before this date 3114 BC. The amazing co incidence …

Amazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu Nagas | Tamil and …

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/amazing-similarities-between-mayas-and-hindu-nagas/

28 Apr 2012 – Amazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu NagasAmazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu Nagas ( The first part of this article is Are Mayas, Indian Nagas?) 1. Strange co incidence: Kali Yuga 3102 BC and Maya Yuga beginning 3114 BC 2. Maya appearance:Maya people of Central America …

 

Naga Yakshi | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/naga-yakshi/

We have Nagapanchami celebrations celebrated throughout India where live snakes are worshipped. Hindus respect Nature and Environment and use the natural resorces to the minimum. Snake Goddesses such as Manasa Devi and Naga Yakshi are worshipped in India. The Vedas has an authoress named as Serpent …

Gondwana | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/gondwana/

They celebrate Hindu festivals such as Dasara and Naga Panchami. Like any other village community they have their own stories for everything. They are well versed in arts and building. They have divided themselves into four different castes lie the four divisions of work in ancient Hindu society. They form the biggest tribe …

 

–subham–

 

 

Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 21-16

 

Post No. 4795

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

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Every day we read in the newspapers that the corrupt people and fraudulent people have accumulated enormous amount of money; suddenly the government take some action against them. But Chanakya and the Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar had their own strange calculations about the wealth of the frauds. Chanakya says it would disappear after 10 years. Valluvan said that it would make the corrupt people cry and then leave them. Great men think alike. Read below in their own words:-

Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

2.Chanakya Niti and Tirukkural part 2

Fate cannot be Averted

Just as a call goes to its mother even in the midst of thousands of cows, in the same way the action done follows the doer.

Chanakya Niti,13-14

What is there more potent than fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- Tiruk Kural 380

 

xxx

Spring of Knowledge!

Just as one gets to subterranean water by digging with a spade, in the same way does a pupil knowledge embodied in teacher.

Chanakya Niti,13-16

The sand spring flows with water as you dig deeper. By deeper study knowledge flows – Kural 396

 

xxx

Water is Jewel

There are three jewels on the earth –water, food and wise saying. The ignorant gives the name of jewel to pieces of stone.

Chanakya Niti,14-1

Rain is instrumental in the production of good food and is itself food -Kural 12.

Duties of life cannot be performed by any person in the absence of water -Kural 20

By the continuance of rain the world is preserved in existence; it is there fore worthy to be called ambrosia – Kural 11

xxxx

King and Fire

King, fire, teacher and women, when too close, lead to destruction, when far do not serve the purpose. So they have to be approached by the middle path.

Chanakya Niti,14-11

Even like those, who desire to warm themselves before a fire, persons in the king’s service will not go too close, nor stay away too far- Kural 691

Fire burns when it is touched; does it also have the potential to burn, when it goes far away from one?- Kural 1159.

 

xxxx

Hold back your Tongue!

If you want to bring round the whole world to you with one action,

hold back your tongue from speaking ill of others

Chanakya Niti, 14-14

 

Guard your tongue, whatever else you may not guard, otherwise you wi come to grief -Kural 127

xxx

Sweet Speech

One who knows words that go well with the context, the sweet speech that goes well with his glory and anger that befits his strength is wise

Chanakya Niti,14-15

Pleasing speech of good effect is productive of righteousness and virtue- Kural 97

 

Let men of sagacity who understand the use of words study the assembly and address it with discretion- Kural 711

The learning of the scholar shall shine before an assembly if flawless scholars who know the art of words.- Kural 717

 

xxxxx

Why no Sweet Words?

 

All beings feel happy with sweet words. So one should go for them. Why is the Parsimony in sweet words?

Chanakya Niti, 16-17

When a man knows that kind words bring joy and happiness,

why should he resort to harsh words?- Kural 99

 

If you speak at all speak profitably-Kural 200

xxxx

Wealth through Unjust means

The wealth earned through unjust means stays for ten years. With the onset of eleventh year it vanishes root and branch.

Chanakya Niti,15-6

All profits, that make others weep, depart with tears. Kural 659

Another translation of Kural 659:- Wealth amassed in the midst of other people’s tears, will also go that way causing one’s own distress;

while by good actions, even if loss is sustained, final results will be beneficial.

 

xxx

Death better than Insults

 

It is better to die than to live under insult. In death, it is a momentary pain, in insult it is a daily affair

Chanakya Niti, 16-16

It is better to die with honour than be slaves of those that scorn you – Kural 967

Hair lost, the yaks live not; Honour lost, noble men leave their life – 969

 

xxx Subham xxx

POETS’ CLOSE OBSERVATION ON BEES! (Post No.4782)

Time uploaded in London- 19-48

Written by London swaminathan

Post No. 4782

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources. They may not be directly related to the article. They are only representational.

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Tamil and Sanskrit poets are keen observers of nature. We have already seen how Dattatreya and others observed the nature and learnt from them. Crows and snakes are used by the poets and saints to teach us lot of things. Two poets warn us not to accumulate money so that we would not lose like the bees. William Wordsworth said, ‘Let Nature be your Teacher’; Hindu poets have been following it for over two thousand years. Here are two verses about the bees:

Chanakya says,

The pious people should always give food and money in charity, never should they accumulate them. The glory of the illustrious Karna, Bali and Vikramditya persists unabated even now. Look, the honey bees rub their hands and feet because of the despondency of losing honey that they had gathered for long.

–Chanakya Niti 11-18

 

deyam bhojyadhanam sadaa sukruthirbinaa sanchitavyam sadaa

sriikarnasya nhaleerasca vikramateradhyaapi kiirtihi sthithaa

 

asmaakammadhu daanabogarahitam nashtam chiraat sanchitam

wirvaanaaditi paanipaathayugale garshantyaho makshikaahaa

xxx

A Tamil poet in Naladiyar says………………

Naladiyaar is a Tamil didactic book composed by Jain saints in Tamil. The poet Padumanaar, who compiled 400 verses, says,

“Those who vexing their own bodies by stinting in food and clothing, perform not acts of charity that ever remain undestroyed, but avariciously hoard up a great wealth, will lose it all. O Lord of the mountains, which touch the sky, the bees that are driven away from the honey they have collected bear testimony to this.

 

—-Subham–

 

 

 

Crow in Chanakya Niti (Post No4733)

Date:12 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 7-48 am

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4733

 

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources.

 

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Birds are used by Indian poets to teach people some morals. Crows are very common in India from Kanyakumari to Kashmir. Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar used crow in many of his couplets in the Tamil Veda Tirukkural.

picture by Lalgudi Veda from Tirunallaru temple in Tamil Nadu, Crow Vahana

Chanakya says,

Of men, a barber is cunning, of birds it is crow, of animals it is jackal and of women it is lady gardener.

Naraanaam naapito dhuurtah pakshinaam caiva vaayasah

Catuspadaam srugaalastu striinaam dhuurtaa ca maalinii

Chankaya niti, chapter 5, sloka/verse 21

 

Caandaala bird

 

Of birds it is crow who is Caandaala (wicked), of animals it is dog, of sages it is fiery one, of all it is the one who defames.

 

Pakshinaam kaakascaandaalah pasuunaam caiva kukkurah

Kopii muniinaam caandaalah sarveshaam caiva nindakah

Chanakya niti, chapter 6, sloka 2

Crows eat anything

What is that which the poets do not see, women do not do, drunkards do not blurt out, crows do not eat?

Kavayah kim na pasyanti kim na kurvanti yoshitah

Madhyapaah kim na jalpanti kim na bakshanti vaayasaah

Chapter 10, verse/sloka 4

 

Can crow become an eagle?

One goes up by one’s qualities and not by occupying a high seat. Does a crow by sitting on top of a place turn into Garuda?

Gunairuttamataam yaati noccaira asanasamsthitah

Praasaadasikharasthopi kaakah kim garudaayate

Chapter 16, verse 6

 

For comparison with Tamil poets please visit my previous articles given below: –

 

Strange Belief about Crows in India and Britain!! | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2015/02/…/strange-belief-about-crows-in-india-and-britain/

26 Feb 2015 – Bird Omens: Cries of Crows-Part 1 Written by London swaminathan Research Article No. 1678; Dated 26 February 2015. After going through hundreds of books about all the ancient civilizations, now I can tell anyone that Sanskrit is the only ancient language that has got all the subjects in its ancient …

Crow | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/crow/

“The crow is black and the cuckoo is black. What is the difference between the two? It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa …

You visited this page on 11/02/18.

What can a Crow Teach You? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2015/08/05/what-can-a-crow-teach-you/ – Translate this page

5 Aug 2015 – Once a crow got somehow a piece of bread. With the bread in its peak, it wanted to fly to a tree, and sitting on its branch, make a quiet meal of it. But a number of other crows pursued this crow to wrest the bread out of it. The crow with the bread flew with all its speeds in order to escape from the clutches of …

You visited this page on 11/02/18.

INDIAN CROW | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2013/02/09/indian-crow/

Translate this page

9 Feb 2013 – INDIAN CROW by Mark Twain. ( Mark Twain (1835- 1910) was an American author. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. His famous works include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. His essays are popular and his sense of humour is enjoyed by everyone.

crow sex | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/crow-sex/

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4 May 2017 – Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach certain morals to the society. Tiruvalluvar, the author of the Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ send us two messages using the crow:.

Humility of Indian poets! Varahamihira, Kalidasa … – Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/kalidasa/

It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa in his most famous work, Shakuntalam says, “king Speaks,. Intuitive cunning is seen …

You’ve visited this page 2 times. Last visit: 22/01/18

 

Athena | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/athena/

In India the famous fable book Panchatantra has a long story of a fight between the crows and owls. At the end, the owls are burnt with their nests by the clever crows. Indians who practise black magic kill owls during Deepavali to ward off evil or to gain magical powers. Villagers kill owls for their meat thinking that it would …

Owl and crow | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/owl-and-crow/

Posts about Owl and crow written by Tamil and Vedas.

bird predictions | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/bird-predictions/

Crow is praised and insulted in Tamil proverbs. I have posted 200+ Proverbs on elephants from among the 20,000 Tamil Proverbs. Tamil Panchang (traditional calendars with Hindu festival days etc.) has got two pages devoted to Pancha Pakshi Shastra (Prediction by Five Birds) and Lizard Predictions. Nobody has done …

Vedic predictions | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/vedic-predictions/

Hindus linked the black bird crow with the departed souls which is in Sangam Tamil literature and earlier Sanskrit literature. Tamils linked the arrival of the guests with crowing. When the housewives cook special dishes naturally the good smell will attract the crows around the house. But many of their beliefs cannot be …

desire | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/desire/

Once a crow got somehow a piece of bread. With the bread in its peak, it wanted to fly to a tree, and sitting on its branch, make a quiet meal of it. But a number of other crows pursued this crow to wrest the bread out of it. Thecrow with the bread flew with all its speeds in order to escape from the clutches of the others.

advice | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/advice/ – Translate this page

Follow the Habits of a Crow: Tamil Poets’ Advice (Post No.3878). Written by London swaminathan. Date: 4 May 2017. Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach certain morals to the …

 

Bird omens | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/bird-omens/

In India the famous fable book Panchatantra has a long story of a fight between the crows and owls. At the end, the owls are burnt with their nests by the clever crows. Indians who practise black magic kill owls during Deepavali to ward off evil or to gain magical powers. Villagers kill owls for their meat thinking that it would …

Koel | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/koel/

Translate this page

5 May 2017 – It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa in his most famous work, Shakuntalam says, “king Speaks,. Intuitive …

Artemis | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/artemis/

Pictures of Goddess Meenakshi, Kamakshi and Andal. “ I suppose he (thecrow) has no enemies among men. The whites and Mohammedans never seemed to molest him; and the Hindoos, because of their religion, never take the life of any creature, but spare even the snakes and tigers and fleas and rats”. –Mark Twain …

Kautilya | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/kautilya/

crow will conquer owl in brad day light;. The king the foes would crush, need fitting time to fight. The bond binds fortune fast is ordered effort made. Strictly observant still of favouring season’s aid. Says the Kautilya, “That season is best which is suited to the manoeuvre of one’s own army and unsuited to ones enemny.

Nature | Tamil and Vedas | Page 3

https://tamilandvedas.com/category/nature/page/3/

17 Jun 2017 – Follow the Habits of a Crow: Tamil Poets’ Advice (Post No.3878). Written by London swaminathan. Date: 4 May 2017. Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach …

Raven | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/raven/ – Translate this page

A strange coincidence is that he and other Tamil saints mention only crowas the bird for finding the direction. It is similar to the raven of Sumerian and Biblical stories. Swami Sri Vedanta Desikan who lived around 1300 AD also sang a poem on Vishnu in Kanchipuram. He also used the same simile like Kulasekara.

 

Xxxxxxx subham xxxxxxxxxxxxx

 

 

 

 

Be a Snake! Paramahamsa and Chanakya Advise! (Post No.4579)

picture by Lalgudi Veda

 

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 3 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 18-35

 

 

 

Post No. 4579

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

A snake must be a snake; it must instil fear in others; otherwise it will die. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the great saint and Chanakya , the great philosopher, statesman and astute politician agree on snakes!

Chanakya says,

“Even a snake with no poison should raise its hood. Be there poison or not, the raising of the hood instils fear”—Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9, sloka/verse 10

 

Here is the verse in Sanskrit:-

nirvishenaani sarpena karthavyaa mahati fanaa

vishamastu na chaapyastu fanaayopo bhayankarah

Sometimes you may be weak or in a weaker position, but yet you can pretend to be strong.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa narrates a story:-

“A serpent dwelt in a certain locality. No one dared to pass by that way; for whoever did so was instantaneously bitten to death by the serpent.

 

Once a holy man passed by. As usual the serpent pursued the sage with a view to biting him, but when it approached the holy man, it lost all kits ferocity and was over powered by his gentleness. Seeing the snake, the holy man said,

‘Well, friend! Do you want to bite me?’ The snake was abashed and did not reply. At this the sage said again, ‘hearken friend, do not injure anyone in future’. The snake bowed and nodded assent.

 

After the sage, had hone his own way, the entered its hole, and began to live a life of innocence and purity without even wishing to harm anyone. In a few days, it became a common belief in the neighbourhood that the snake had lost all its venom and was no more dangerous, and so people began to tease it. Some pelted stones at it., and others dragged it mercilessly by the tail. Thus there was no end to its troubles.

Fortunately, sometime after, the sage again passed that way seeing the bruised and battered condition of the poor snake, was very much moved to pity and inquired about the cause of its distress.

At this the snake replied, Sir, I have been reduced to this state, because I Have not been injuring anyone since I received your instruction. But alas! they are so merciless!

The sage smilingly said, ‘Dear friend, I only advised you not to bite anyone, but I never asked you not to hiss and frighten others. Although you should not bite any creature, still you should keep everyone at a considerable distance from you by hissing’.

 

Similarly, if you live in this world, make yourself feared and respected. Do not injure anyone, but do not at the same time let others injure you.

Source:

Sayings of Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Chennai 600004

Canakyaniti, Satya Vrat Shastri, Bharatiya Vidya Mandir, Kolkata

 

 

Snake and Great men

If You see a Snake……………….

“Between a snake and a wicked person, it is the serpent which is better. Serpent bites ever and anon but a wicked person does so at every step”—Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka

 

 

Three other poets sang about great men and poisonous snakes

Even if poisonous snakes enter an assembly of scholars it will pass through them unscathed. They won’t hurt them, says a Tamil poem in ‘Pazamozi Four Hundred’. Even the Sangam Tamil Literature (Neithal kali, Kali Tokai) gave the same message.

Another poet ( of Tamil book “Aranerisaram” ) viewed the snakes differently. He says, look at this, If you give water to a cow it gives you milk; but if you give milk to a cobra, it produces poison! Likewise, the books read by bad people are interpreted negatively. The same books read by the great people are interpreted positively”.

The best examples for this poem are our Vedas and the Epics. Foreigners who read these books interpreted them negatively. They are like snakes that convert milk into poison. The great Tamil kings Chera, Chola and Pandyas fostered Vedas and Vedic Yajnas for over 2000 years according to Sangam Tamil Literature. In the North, more Asvamedha Yajnas and Rajasuyas were done. Vedas are viewed positively in Kalidasa’s works and Sangam Tamil works. They are like cows that turns water into milk.

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar in her book ‘Vakkundaam’ compared water snake to good people and cobra to bad people. She says that the water snake is not poisonous and it lies openly on the banks of rivers and lakes. But the cobra is poisonous and so it hides in the holes. Good people don’t fear any one, bad people fear others and lead a secret life! They pretend to be good.

Chanakya also agrees,

“Those vile men who disclose each other’s secrets come o naught, for sure, like a snake in an ant-hill” – Chapter 9, Verse 2s

–Subham–