SWAMI’S CROSS WORD 26519 (Post No.6446)

Written by London swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 26 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 14-0
8

Post No. 6446

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

Across

1.ASTRA (5 letters0- arm, weapon in Sanskrit

6.GURU (4) spiritual teacher

7.ARI-  (3)enemy

8.RATI-(4) Manmathan’s wife

9.MAA- (3) Goddess Mother

Down

1.AGARAM- (6) forefront

2.SURA- l(4)iquor

3.TRITYA(6) third

4.RUTI (4) reproach, motion

5.AMATYA (6)- minister

–subham–

நாலு மாதங்கள் ‘லக்கி’ LUCKY மாதங்களாம்! (Post No.6445)

Written by London swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 26 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 8-33 am

Post No. 6445

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

ஒவ்வொரு தமிழனும் படிக்க வேண்டிய பாடல்கள்! – 2 (Post No.6444)

Written by S Nagarajan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 26 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 8-14 am

Post No. 6444

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

FOUR LUCKY MONTHS (Post No.6443)

Written by London swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 25 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 20-54

Post No. 6443

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

Four Wish fulfilling Months –


Aaasaadha, Kartika, Maagha, Vaisaakha

Tatrasadha kartikasca madho vaisakha eva ca
Tirtanyuktani masavai catvaro abhistadayakah
Xxx
tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Acarya Vaishnava Tradition-


Vishnuswami, Nimbaarka, Madvacarya, Ramanujacharya
Xxx


Musical Instruments/ Atodya
Tata-Stringed
Avanaddha- Drums 
Ghana-Cymbal
Susira- Wind instruments
Xxx


Four Yugas
Krita Yuga 1728000
Treta Yuga 12 96 000
Dvapara Yuga 864 000
Kali Yuga 432 000:

Kali commenced in 3102 BCE 

Xxx
tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Yugas and Smrtis-


Krita Yuga- Manu Smrti
Treta Yuga – Gautama Smrti 
Dvapara Yuga – Ssangalikita Smrti
Kali Yuga- Parasara Smrti
Xxx


Colours and Yugas
Krita -White
Treta -Yellow
Dvapara- Red
Kali -Black
Xxx

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Colours and Directions
Direction— Mayan — Buddhism in Ladakh 
East – Black- blue
West- Black- green
North- White- red
South- Yellow- Yellow
Xxx


Castes and Colours and Tilaks
Brahmins-White tilak- Salvation- tilak in 12 places
Kshatriyas- red tilak – control others- 4 places
Vaisyas- Yellow tilak— wealth—2 places
Shudras- Black tilak- peace—one place
Women also have one Tilak
—Abhinaya Darpanam
Xxx


Castes and Shapes of Tilaks
Brahmins -Urdhva
tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Kshatriyas- Three lines/ tripundra
Vaisya- Semi crescent, ardha Chandra
Shudra – round shape
Meru Tantra prescribes square for Shudras
Xxx


Castes and Weapon Training
Teaching to Brahmins- Dhanuh,Bow and arrow
TonKshatriyas – Khadga- Sword
To Vaisyas- Kunta, spear
To Sudra -Gadaa, mace
Dhanur veda 5-8
Xxx

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Four Ways of Dealing with People
Saama -Peaceful Talk
Daana -Gift
Bheda -Division
Danda- Punishment
–Subhashita ratna bhandakaram150/320
Xxx

Adharma affects Four 
Doer of unrighteous act,
Witness,
Assembly,
King.
Pado adharmasya kartaram padah sakshinamruchchati
Pada sabhasadah sarvan pado rajanamrucchati
—Narada Smrti 3-12
Xxx


The dwelling place of Adharma
Dyuuta -Gambling 
Paana-Liquor
Striyah-Woman
Suunaa-Slaughter house
—Bhagavata Purana 1-17-38
Xxx


Who controls What
Pita-Anthapuram, inner apartment
Mata- mahaanasam, kitchen
Gaavah-Cows ,Atmasamam , someone as himself
Krsih,agriculture- Svayam,himself
—Vidura Niti 6-12
Xxx

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Factors that cause harm
Yauvanam -Youth hood
Dhanasampatti- Abundant wealth
Prabhutvam- Power
Avivekitaa – Non discrimination
—Hitopadesam, prastavika 11

Xxx
Not to be ignored
Sarpah -Serpent
Agnih -Fire
Simhah -Lion
Kulaputrah -Son of a noble family 

—-Vidura Niti 5-59

Xxxx

Not to be practised —Anaacaaras
Aatmanindaa -Self censure
Atmastuti -Self praise
Paranindaa -Censuring others
Parastavah -Praising others

Mahabharata, Karna parva 35-45
Atmanindatmapuja ca paranoindaparastavah
Anacarita maryanam vruttametacchaturvidham

This advice is found in Bhagavad Gita , Tirukkural and Vidura Niti as well.

Xxxx subham xxx



அந்தி, சந்தி, மந்தி,வந்தி, பந்தி தெரியுமா? (Post No.6442)

Written by London swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 25 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 17-24

Post No. 6442

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

1. – ஜாதகத்தில் இது இருக்கும் இடம் முக்கியமானது; சனியின் புதல்வன்; கலியாணச் சடங்கு, மாமரம்,

2. – ஓணான்; நிறம் மாறும் வகையும் இதிலுண்டு

3. – இனிப்பாக இருக்கும்

4. சாகும் போதூ ஹே ராம் சொன்ன தலைவர்

5. மூன்று முறை சொன்னால் அமைதி ஏற்பாடும்

6. – பிடூகு மண் சுமந்த ஆள் (சிவன்)

7. – அபூர்வ பிள்ளைகள் பெற்ற பெண்

8. – மரத்துக்கு மரம் தாவும்

ANSWERS

1.மாந்தி- ஜாதகத்தில் இது இருக்கும் இடம் முக்கியமானது; சனியின் புதல்வன்; கலியாணச் சடங்கு, மாமரம்,

2.ஓந்தி- ஓணான்; நிறம் மாறும் வகையும் இதிலுண்டு

3.பூந்தி- இனிப்பாக இருக்கும்

4.காந்தி- சாகும் போதூ ஹே ராம் சொன்ன தலைவர்

5.சாந்தி- மூன்று முறை சொன்னால் அமைதி ஏற்பாடும்

6.வந்தி- பிடூகு மண் சுமந்த ஆள் (சிவன்)

7.குந்தி- அபூர்வ பிள்ளைகள் பெற்ற பெண்

8.மந்தி- மரத்துக்கு மரம் தாவும்

THIRUPPUGAZ FESTIVAL IN LONDON (Post No.6441)

Written by London swaminathan



swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 25 May 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London –
16-28

Post No. 6441

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

Thiruppugaz festival was held in London Murugan Temple in East London today. Over 100 devotees attended the festival. The dedicated band of singers sang Thiruppugaz of Sr Arunagrinathar in classical Ragas.  Arunagirinathar of 15th century was a sinner turned saint. His uniques 1300 verses belonged to a special genre. Till today no one could supass him in the Sandha style/genre.

Thiruppugaz festival  is being celebrated every year under the Leadership of Mrs Jayanthi Sundar who conducts regular Skype classes. Devotees of Lord Murugan (Skanda/ kartikeya) are trained by her in the chosen Ragas. This is the seventh consecutive year for the event. Mr Balasubramanyam and his wife Mrs Padma Balasubramanyam of Ilford organise the event in the temple Hall. Last year they had around 70 people. Every year the number of Thiruppugz singers are increasing and we saw over 100 people today. Sri Sundar spoke at the end about Sri Kanchi Shankaracharya’s special interest in this event. He conveyed Acharya’s blessings to one and all.

Following is the invitation sent to Greater

London devotees.

VELUM MAYILUM THUNAI

SRI MAHAPERIAVAH THUNAI

LONDON TIRUPUGAZH ANBARGAL 

Cordially invites you for the

7th Annual Tirupugazh Festival on

May 25, 2019, Saturday 10.00 AM – 1.00 PM at the

East Ham Murugan Temple

We request all Anbargals to participate with family and friends and receive the blessings of

Shree Valli Devasena Samedha Subramaniar

Mahaprasad at 1.00 PM

Venue: London Murugan Temple

78 Church Road

London E12 6AF

Tel: 0208 478 8433

Please feel free to write to us for any further detail or the song list.

Please see the pictures taken by me:–

–subham—

பிராமணனுக்கு கூடுதல் அபராதம்! மநு புரட்சி! (Post No.6440)

Written by London swaminathan



swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 25 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 7-39 AM

Post No. 6440

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

மநு நீதி நூல் – பகுதி 41

பிராமணனுக்கு கூடுதல் அபராதம்; ஏனையோருக்கு குறைந்த அபராதம்- மநு புரட்சி

மானவ தர்ம சாஸ்திரம் என்று அழக்கப்படும் மநு ஸ்ம்ருதியின் எட்டாவது அத்தியாயத்தை இன்று முடித்து விடுவோம். முதலில் மநு சொன்ன புரட்சிகர கருத்துக்களைப் (IN BULLET POINTS) ‘புல்லட் பாயிண்டுகளில் சொல்லி விடுகிறேன்

போன தடவை 8-300 ஸ்லோகம் வரை பார்த்தோம் 8-301 முதல் தொடர்வோம்.

1.மக்கள் செய்யும் நல்லது, கெட்டதுகளில் ஆறில் ஒரு பங்கு அரசனையே சாரும் 8-304

2.நாஸ்தீகம் பேசும் அரசனும், வரியை மட்டும் வாங்கிக்கொண்டு மக்களுக்கு பாதுகாப்பு தராத அரசனும் நரகத்தில் விழுவார்கள் 8-307, 8-309

3. சிறுவர்களையும் வயதானவர்களையும் மன்னிக்கும் அரசன் சுவர்க்கத்துக்குச் செல்வான் – 8-13

4. தப்பு நடந்த பின்னர் யார்-  யார் மீது பழி போடுவார்கள்? 8-317

5. ரத்தினம் முதலிய விலையுயர்ந்த பொருட்களைத் திருடுபவனுக்கு மரணதண்டனை கொடு (கோவலனை ரத்தினம் திருடினான் என்று தவறாக எண்ணி பாண்டியன் மரணதண்டனை அளித்ததை சிலப்பதிகாரத்தில் காண்க) 8-321

6.பிராமணர்கள் நன்கு படித் பின்னரும் தப்பு செய்தால் அவனுக்கு உச்சபட்ச தண்டனை கொடு. சூத்திரனுக்கு 8 பணம், வைஸ்யனுக்கு 16 பணம், க்ஷத்ரியனுக்கு 32 பணம், பிராமணனுக்கு 64, அல்லது 128 அல்லது அதைப் போல பன்மடங்கு அபராதம் போடு. 8-336, 8-337, 8-338

இந்த 8,16,32, 64 என்பதில் வேறு ஒரு சுவையான தகவலும் உளது. இந்தியாவின் ரூபாய் தசம முறைக்கு மாறும் வரை 4, 8, 16 அணா= 1 ரூபாய் என்றே இருந்தது. சிந்து- ஸரஸ்வதி நதி நாகரீகத்திலும் இதே எண் வரிசையில் எடைக் கற்கள் இருந்தன. இதுவும் ஒரிஜினல் மநு பல ஆயிரம் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன் வாழ்ந்தவர் என்பதைக் காட்டும்

7.பிராஹ்மணர்கள் தங்கள் பாதுகாப்புக்கு ஆயுதங்களை எடுத்துச் செல்லலாம்; காண்க  8-348 to 8-350

8. யார் ஒருவன் கொல்லும் எண்ணத்துடன் வந்தாலும் அவனைக் கொல்வதில் தவறு இல்லை; 8-351

9. மாற்றான் மனைவியுடன் படுப்போனுக்கு கடும் தண்டனை கொடு 8-359. இசைவு கொடுக்கும் பெண்ணை நாய்க்கு இரையாகப் போடு.8-359, 8-371

10. அரசன், பிராஹ்மணர்களைக் கொல்லக்கூடாது. இது பாவங்களில் மிகப் பெரியது.

11. குருடர்கள், 70 வயதைத் தாண்டியவர்கள், அறிவு வாளர்ச்சி பெறாதோருக்கு வரி விலக்கு கொடு. 8-394

12. இரண்டு வாரத்துக்கு ஒரு முறை பொருட்களுக்கு விலை நிர்ணயம் செய்; 8-402, 8-403

13.யோகிகளுக்கும், கர்ப்பிணிகளுக்கும் இலவச படகுப் பயனம் கொடு; ஓடக்காசு வாங்காதே 8-407

14.அடிமைகளில் 7 வகை – –415

இவைகள் ஆங்கிலத்திலும் உளது. முழு விவரம் வேண்டுவோர் இணைப்புகளைப் படிக்கவும்

எட்டாவது அத்தியாயம் நிறைவு அடைகிறது.

subham

ஜீரண மண்டல அமைப்பு உங்களை நோயுறச் செய்கிறதா?(Post No.6439)

Written by S.NAGARAJAN



swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 25 May 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London – 6-41 AM

Post No. 6439

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

 மே 2019 ஹெல்த்கேர் மாத இதழில் வெளியாகியுள்ள கட்டுரை

உங்களின் ஜீரண மண்டல அமைப்பு உங்களை நோயுறச் செய்கிறதா, பருமனாக ஆக்குகிறதா?

மூலம் : Mark Hyman    தமிழாக்கம் : ச.நாகராஜன்

ஏன் நீங்கள் நோய்வாய்ப்படுகிறீர்கள் அல்லது பருமனாக இருக்கிறீர்கள், காரணம் தெரியுமா?

உங்களின் ஜீரண மண்டல உள் குழாயில் (inner tube) ஏதோ ஒரு கோளாறு இருக்கிறது, அதனால் தான் நீங்கள் நோய்வாய்ப்படுகிறீர்கள், பருமனாக ஆகி விடுகிறீர்கள்!

 உங்களுக்கு ஒரு பிரச்சினை இருக்கிறது என்பதைக் கூட நீங்கள் உணராமலேயே இருக்கலாம். ஆனால் உடல் பருமன் அல்லது சில ஆரோக்கியப் பிரச்சினைகள் என உங்களுக்கு ஏற்பட்டால் அது உங்கள் உள் குழாய் சரியில்லை, அதுவே அடிப்ப்டைக் காரணம் என்பதாக இருக்கலாம் அதாவது உங்கள் ஜீரண அமைப்பு சரியில்லை என்பதே காரணம். ஏதோ ஒரு ஜீரணக் கோளாறு – இர்ரிடபிள் பவல் சிண்ட்ரோம் (Irritable Bowel Syndrome),  வயிற்று உப்புசம், மலச்சிக்கல், டயரியா, மார்பு எரிச்சல், வாயுக் கோளாறு, reflux எனப்படும் பின்னொழுக்கு, இன்னும் சொல்ல முடியாத சில பிரச்சினைகள் போன்றவற்றுள் ஒன்றால் நீங்கள் அவதிப் பட்டுக் கொண்டிருக்கிறீர்கள் என்று அர்த்தம். அமெரிக்காவில் மட்டும் பத்து கோடி பேர்கள் ஜீரணக் கோளாறினால் பாதிக்கப்பட்டிருக்கிறார்கள். அதுமட்டுமல்ல, அமெரிக்காவில் அதிக விற்பனையாகும் ‘டாப் டென்’ மருந்துகளில் இரண்டு ஜீரணக் கோளாறைப் போக்குவதற்கான மருந்துகளே ஆகும்.  பற்பல கோடி டாலர்கள் செலவழித்து இவற்றை மக்கள் வாங்குகிறார்கள்! சுமார் 200 மருந்துகள் ஜீரணக் கோளாறைப் போக்க விற்பனையாகின்றன; ஆனால் என்ன பிரச்சினை என்றால் இவற்றில் பலவற்றைச் சாப்பிடுவதால் கோளாறு அதிகமாகிறதே தவிர நிவாரணம் கிடைப்பதில்லை! குடல் கோளாறுகளுக்காக மக்கள், மருத்துவர்களை நாடுவது மிகவும் அதிகமாகி வருகிறது.

    ஜீரணக் கோளாறுகள் ஒவ்வாமையை உருவாக்குகிறது, மூட்டுவாதத்தை ஏற்படுத்துகிறது, auto immune disease எனப்படும் தன் எதிர்ப்பு நோயை உருவாக்குகிறது, நிலை தடுமாற்றம், கான்ஸர், தொடர்ந்து இருக்கும் சோர்வு, உடம்பில் தடிப்புகள், முகப்பருக்கள் என இப்படி உடலில் பல வியாதிகளை இது ஏற்படுத்துகிறது. ஆகவே ஜீரண அமைப்பானது உங்கள் உடலில் ஏற்படும் அனைத்துடனும் தொடர்பு கொண்ட ஒன்று.

இப்போது நாம் குடல் நாளத்தில் ஏதேனும் பிரச்சினை இருக்கிறதா என்பதை எப்படி அறிவது என்று பார்க்கலாம். நல்ல உடல் நலத்தை உறுதி செய்ய உள்ள முக்கியமான ஏழு காரணங்களில் ஜீரணம் என்பது நான்காவது முக்கியமான காரணம் ஆகும்.

Intestinal Health அல்லது குடல்நாள ஆரோக்யம் என்பது சீரான ஜீரணம், உட்கொள்ளுதல், தன்மயமாக்கல் என வரையறுக்கப்படுகிறது.

      முதலாவதாக, மழைக்காடுகளில் உள்ளச் சுற்றுப்புறச் சூழலில்  பல்வேறுபட்ட ஒன்றுடன் ஒன்று சார்ந்தவையாக பல அமைப்புகள் உள்ளன. அதே போல குடல் நாளத்தில் 500 உயிரினங்களும் 3 பவுண்டு பாடீரியாவும் உள்ளன. குடல் நாளம் ஒரு பெரிய கெமிக்கல் ஃபாக்டரியாக இயங்கி நீங்கள் சாப்பிட்ட உணவுப் பொருள்களை ஜீரணிக்க வைத்து, ஹார்மோன்களைச் சீராக்கி, விஷப்பொருளளைப் பிரித்தெடுத்து, விடமின்களையும் இதர முக்கிய உடல்நலத்தைப் பேணிக்காக்கும் கூட்டுபொருள்களையும் உருவாக்கி உங்கள் உடலை ஆரோக்கியத்துடன் வைத்திருக்க உதவுகிறது. இந்த நட்பான பாக்டீரியாக்கள் சீராக இருப்பது அவசியமாகிறது. ஒட்டுண்ணிகளும், நுரைமங்களும் (Parasites and yeasts) போன்ற தப்பான பாக்டீரியாக்கள் நல்லவை அல்ல.

ஒரு முக்கியமான விஷயம், குடல் நாள் ஆரோக்கியம் என்பது உடல் நல ஆரோக்கியம் என்பதாகும். எக்ஸிமா, சொரியாஸிஸ், மூட்டுவாதம் போன்றவைக்கும் ஜீரணத்திற்கும் சம்பந்தம் இல்லை என்பது போலத் தோன்றினாலும் அவை ஜீரணக் கோளாறினாலேயே ஏற்படுகின்றன.

இரண்டாவதாக குடல்நாளத்தில் நோய் எதிர்ப்பு (Gut immune system) அமைப்பு உள்ளது. உங்களின் முழு உடலில் உள்ள நோய் எதிர்ப்பு சக்தி உங்கள் குடல் நாளத்தால் பாதுகாக்கப்படும் ஒன்றாகும். குடல் நாளத்தில் ஒரே ஒரு செல்லின் கனமே (One cell-thick layer) விஷப்பொருள்களிலிருந்து உங்களைப் பாதுகாக்கிறது. இந்த எல்லை பாதிக்கப்பட்டால் சாதாரணமாக ஜீரணமாகும் பொருள்களே ஒவ்வாமைப் பொருள்களாக மாறி உங்களை நோய்வாய்ப்படுத்தும். கெட்ட மாலிக்யூல்களை அகற்றி நல்லனவற்றை வடிகட்டி எடுத்து உங்கள் நோய் எதிர்ப்பு சக்தியைப் பாதுகாப்பது குடல் நாளத்தைப் பாதுகாப்பதில் இன்றியமையாத ஒன்றாகும்.

 மூன்றாவதாக இரண்டாவது மூளை எனப்படும் குடல் நாள நரம்பு மண்டல அமைப்பானது மூளையில் உள்ள ந்யூரோ டிரான்ஸ்மிட்டர்களை விட அதிகமான அளவு அதைக் கொண்டுள்ளது என்பது வியப்பூட்டும் ஒரு செய்தி. உண்மையில் குடல் நாளம் தனக்கெனவே ஒரு மூளையைக் கொண்டுள்ளது. அதை “enteric nervous system” என்று அழைக்கின்றனர். அது உடலியலில் மூளையுடன் நுண்ணியமான வழிகளில் தொடர்பைக் கொண்டுள்ள ஒரு அதி நவீன அமைப்பாகும்.

குடல் நாள மூளைக்கும் தலையில் உள்ள மூளைக்கும் தகவல்கள் தொடர்ந்து பரிமாறப்பட்டு வருகின்றன. அந்தத் தகவல் தொடர்பில் இடையூறு ஏற்பட்டால் உடல் ஆரோக்கியத்தில் தீங்கு நேரிடும்.

நான்காவதாக, வளர்சிதை மாற்றத்தினால் துணைப் பொருள்களாக உருவாக்கப்படும் விஷங்களை உங்கள் குடல் நாளம் அகற்ற வேண்டும். அவற்றை கல்லீரல் பித்தப்பையில் தள்ளுகிறது. மலச்சிக்கல் ஏற்படும் போது உங்கள் உடலில் விஷங்கள் பாதிப்பு ஏற்பட அதனால் நோய் உருவாகிறது.

இறுதியாக உங்கள் குடல் நாளமானது நீங்கள் உட்கொண்ட உணவை சிறு துகள்களாக ஆக்கி அதில் உள்ள விடமின்கள், தாதுப் பொருள்கள் ஆகியவற்றை ஒரு திசு கனமுள்ள அடுக்கில் அனுப்பி, அதை இரத்த ஓட்டத்தில் சேர்த்து உங்கள் உடலையும் மூளையையும் சத்துள்ளதாக ஆக்க வேண்டும்.

உங்கள் குடல் நாளம் நிறைய விஷயங்களை நிர்வகிக்க வேண்டியிருக்கிறது. ஒரு கச்சிதமான உலகில் கூட அனைத்தையும் சீராக வைப்பது என்பது கடினமான காரியமாகவே இருக்கிறது. அப்படி இருக்கும் போது இந்த அதி நவீன உலகில் ஜீரண அமைப்பை சீராக வைத்துக் கொள்வது என்பது இன்னும் அதிக கஷ்டமான காரியம். ஏனெனில் ஜீரண அமைப்பை அதல பாதாளத்தில் தள்ளி விடும் அளவில் ஏராளமான சிக்கல்களை நவீன உலகம் ஏற்படுத்துகிறது!

உங்கள் குடல் நாளம் சீராக இல்லை என்பதை எப்படி உணர்வது?

அதை அடுத்துக் காண்போம்.

       – தொடரும்

Swami’s Cross word 24519 (Post No.6438)

Written by London swaminathan



swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 24 May 2019

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 21-41

Post No. 6438

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

Across

1. – (10 letters) Oldest Blind poet in the world; his name is Long Darkness in Sanskrit

6. – (8) One of the teachers in Upanishads ; second name is Aruni

7. -(9) Pranava+brightness; common name in North Inddia

8. (6)Hanuman’s mother

9. – (6)big number; ten millions

10. – (6)The river that gave Hinduism its name

11.- (10) invincible king; unconquered by enemies; two kings with this name are found; one in Buddha ‘s time.

Down

1. –  (8 letters) Vedic King; son of Vadhrayasva; another king so of Bhimasena of Kashi; father of Pratardhana

2. –  (8) king of Ayodhya; expert in gambling; gave a job to Nala

3. – (6) egg born

4. – (4)eye; akshi changed this way in Hindi

5. – (6) dream’s; girl’s name

–subham– tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Fine for a Shudra 8 Panas, for a Brahmin 128 Panas! – Manu (Post No.6437)

Written by London swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com


Date: 24 May 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 18-
53

Post No. 6437

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog. ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

LAWS OF THEFT –MANU SMRTI 8TH CAPTER FINITO

Let us continue with eighth chapter and finish it today.

Bullet points

1.Good or Bad whatever the people do one sixth come to the king. See 8-304

2.King who takes taxes without giving protection and who is atheist go to hell. 8-307 and 8-309

3.The king who forgives infants and elderly people go to heaven. See 8-313

4.Who blames who for blunders . see 8-317

5.Gem Thieves must be given death sentence.

6.Manu is very strict with Brahmins. Since they know all the rules, they get more punishments than Vaisyas, Kshatrias and Shudras. See 8-336 to 8-338

THE NUMBERS TALLY WITH INDUS WEIGHTS AND OLD INDIAN RUPEE PAISE SYSTEM!!!

((Harappa Weights. A statistical analysis of commonly found Indus weights, which seem to be in the ratio, 3000:1600: 300: 200: 150: 60: 32: 16: 8: 4: 2: 1. The base is 0.89 gm as the lowest weight, which is the smallest amongst the commonly found weights.))

(Old Indian Rupee is qual to 192 paisa = 2, 4, 8, 16 annas= 16X12= 192 paisa; i.e 6, 12, 24, 48, 96, 192 paisa)’

7.Brahmins have to carry weapons for self protection- see 8-348 to 8-350

8. You can even kill a Brahmin if he tries to kill you 8-351

9. Punishment for  Adultery – 8-359; throw her to dogs-8-371

10.Killing a brahmin is the biggest sin

11.No tax for blind, idiots and 70 year old people 8-394

12. Price Fixing every fortnight – 8-402 , 8-403

13. Seven Kinds of Slaves (Servants)- See 8-415

14. Free Travel for Pregnant Women and ascetics – See 8-407

Xxxx

Now read the original slokas…………………

Now read the original slokas…………………

8-301. Thus the whole law of assault (and hurt) has been declared completely; I will now explain the rules for the decision in cases)of theft.

302. Let the king exert himself to the utmost to punish thieves; for, if he punishes thieves, his fame grows and his kingdom prospers.

303. That king, indeed, is ever worthy of honour who ensures the safety of his subjects; for the sacrificial session (sattra, which he, as it were, performs thereby ever grows in length, the safety of his subjects representing the sacrificial fee.

ONE SIXTH OF GOOD OR BAD COMES TO THE KING

8-304. A king who duly protects his subjects receives from each and all the sixth part of their spiritual merit; if he does not protect them, the sixth part of their demerit also will fall on him.

305. Whatever merit a man gains by reading the Veda, by sacrificing, by charitable gifts, (or by) worshipping Gurus and gods, the king obtains a sixth part of that in consequence of his duly protecting (his kingdom).

306. A king who protects the created beings in accordance with the sacred law and smites those worthy of corporal punishment, daily offers as it were sacrifices at which hundred thousands are given as fees.

307. A king who does not afford protection, yet takes his share in kind, his taxes, tolls and duties, daily presents and fines, will after death soon sink into hell.

308. They declare that a king who affords no protection, yet receives the sixth part of the produce, takes upon himself all the foulness of his whole people.

ATHEISTS GO TO HELL

309. Know that a king who heeds not the rules of the law, who is an atheist, and rapacious, who does not protect his subjects, but devours them, will sink low after death.

310. Let him carefully restrain the wicked by three methods,- by imprisonment by putting them in fetters, and by various kinds o) corporal punishments.

311. For by punishing the wicked and by favouring the virtuous, kings are constantly sanctified, just as twice-born men by sacrifices.

FORGIVE INFANTS AND ELDERLY

8-312. A king who desires his own welfare must always forgive litigants, infants, aged and sick men, who inveigh against him.

8-313. He who, being abused by men in pain, pardons them, will in reward of that act be exalted in heaven; but he who, proud of his kingly state, forgives them not, will for that reason sink into hell.

314. A thief shall, running, approach the king, with flying hair, confessing that theft and saying, ‘Thus have I done, punish me;’

315. And the thief must carry on his shoulder a pestle, or a club of Khadira wood, or a spear sharp at both ends, or an iron staff.

316. Whether he be punished or pardoned, the thief is freed from the guilt of theft; but the king, if he punishes not, takes upon himself the guilt of the thief.

WHO BLAMES WHO?

8-317. The killer of a learned Brahmana  (or embryo) throws his guilt on him who eats his food, an adulterous wife on her negligent husband, a sinning) pupil or sacrificer on their negligent teacher or priest, a thief on the king(who pardons him.

318. But men who have committed crimes and have been punished by the king, go to heaven, being pure like those who performed meritorious deeds.

319. He who steals the rope or the water-pot from a well, or damages a hut where water is distributed, shall pay one masha as a fine and restore the article abstracted or damaged in its proper place.

SEVERE PUNISHMENT

8-320. On him who steals more than ten kumbhas of grain corporal punishment shall be inflicted; in other cases he shall be fined eleven times as much, and shall pay to the owner the value of his property.

321. So shall corporal punishment be inflicted for stealing more than a hundred (palas) of articles sold by the weight, (i.e.) of gold, silver, and so forth, and of most excellent clothes.

322. For (stealing) more than fifty (paNas) it is enacted that the hands (of the offender) shall be cut off; but in other cases, let him inflict a fine of eleven times the value.

DEATH SENTENCE TO GEM THIEFS

8-323. For stealing men of noble family and especially women and the most precious gems, the offender deserves corporal or capital punishment.

324. For stealing large animals, weapons, or medicines, let the king fix a punishment, after considering the time and the purpose for which they were destined.

325. For stealing cows belonging to Brahmanas, piercing the nostrils of a barren cow, and for stealing other cattle (belonging to Brahmanas, the offender) shall forthwith lose half his feet.

326.(For stealing thread, cotton, drugs causing fermentation, cow dung, molasses, sour milk, sweet milk, butter-milk, water, or grass,

327. Vessels made of bamboo or other cane, salt of various kinds, earthen vessels, earth and ashes,

328. Fish, birds, oil, clarified butter, meat, honey, and other things that come from beasts,

329. Or other things of a similar kind, spirituous liquor, boiled rice, and every kind of cooked food, the fine shall be twice the value of the stolen article.

FIVE KRISHNALAS

8-330. For flowers, green corn, shrubs, creepers, trees, and other unhusked grain the fine shall be five krishnalas.

331. For husked grain, vegetables, roots, and fruit the fine (shall be) one hundred (panas) if there is no connexion (between the owner and the thief), fifty (panas) if such a connexion exists.

ROBBERY AND THEFT

8-332. An offence (of this description), which is committed in the presence (of the owner) and with violence, will be robbery; if (it is committed) in his absence, it will be theft; likewise if (the possession of) anything is denied after it has been taken.

333. On that man who may steal any of the above-mentioned articles, when they are prepared for use, let the king inflict the first or lowest amercement; likewise on him who may steal a sacred fire out of the room in which it is kept.

334. With whatever limb a thief in any way commits (an offence) against men, even of that the king shall deprive him in order to prevent a repetition of the crime.

8-335. Neither a father, nor a teacher, nor a friend, nor a mother, nor a wife, nor a son, nor a domestic priest must be left unpunished by a king, if they do not keep within their duty.

BRAHMINS MUST BE PUNISHED MORE SEVERELY THAN SHUDRAS

8-336. Where another common man would be fined one karshapana, the king shall be fined one thousand; that is the settled rule.

337. In a case of theft the guilt of a Sudra shall be eightfold, that of a Vaisya sixteen fold, that of a Kshatriya two-and-thirtyfold,

338. That of a Brahmana sixty-fourfold, or quite a hundredfold, or even twice four-and-sixtyfold; each of them knowing the nature of the offence.

339. The taking of roots and of fruit from trees, of wood for a (sacrificial) fire, and of grass for feeding cows, Manu has declared to be no theft.

340. A Brahmana, seeking to obtain property from a man who took what was not given to him, either by sacrificing for him or by teaching him, is even like a thief.

341. A twice-born man, who is travelling and whose provisions are exhausted, shall not be fined, if he takes two stalks of sugar-cane or two esculent roots from the field of another man.

342. He who ties up unbound or sets free tied up (cattle of other men), he who takes a slave, a horse, or a carriage will have incurred the guilt of a thief.

343. A king who punishes thieves according to these rules, will gain fame in this world and after death unsurpassable bliss.

PUNISH THE VIOLENT CRIMINALS

8-344. A king who desires to gain the throne of Indra and imperishable eternal fame, shall not, even for a moment, neglect (to punish) the man who commits violence.

345. He who commits violence must be considered as the worst offender, (more wicked) than a defamer, than a thief, and than he who injures (another) with a staff.

346. But that king who pardons the perpetrator of violence quickly perishes and incurs hatred.

347. Neither for friendship’s sake, nor for the sake of great lucre, must a king let go perpetrators of violence, who cause terror to all creatures.

BRAHMINS MAY CARRY ARMS

348. Twice-born men may take up arms when they are hindered in the fulfilment of their duties, when destruction threatens the twice-born castes varna in evil times,

8-349. In their own defence, in a strife for the fees of officiating priests, and in order to protect women and Brahmanas; he who under such circumstances kills in the cause of right, commits no sin.

350. One may slay without hesitation an assassin who approaches (with murderous intent), whether he be one’s teacher, a child or an aged man, or a Brahmana deeply versed in the Vedas.

KILLING ASSASSINS IS OK.

351. By killing an assassin the slayer incurs no guilt, whether he does it publicly or secretly; in that case fury recoils upon fury.

ADULTERY

8-352. Men who commit adultery with the wives of others, the king shall cause to be marked by punishments which cause terror, and afterwards banish.

353. For by adultery is caused a mixture of the castes varna among men; thence follows sin, which cuts up even the roots and causes the destruction of everything.

354. A man formerly accused of (such) offences, who secretly converses with another man’s wife, shall pay the first or lowest amercement.

355. But a man, not before accused, who (thus) speaks with (a woman) for some (reasonable) cause, shall not incur any guilt, since in him there is no transgression.

356. He who addresses the wife of another man at a Tirtha, outside the village, in a forest, or at the confluence of rivers, suffer the punishment for adulterous acts (samgrahana).

357. Offering presents to a woman, romping with her, touching her ornaments and dress, sitting with her on a bed, all these acts are considered adulterous acts (samgrahana).

358. If one touches a woman in a place which ought)not to be touched or allows oneself to be touched in such a spot, all such acts done with mutual consent are declared to be adulterous (samgrahana).

359. A man who is not a Brahmana ought to suffer death for adultery (samgrahana); for the wives of all the four castes even must always be carefully guarded.

360. Mendicants, bards, men who have performed the initiatory ceremony of a Vedic sacrifice, and artisans are not prohibited from speaking to married women.

361. Let no man converse with the wives of others after he has been forbidden (to do so); but he who converses with them, in spite of a prohibition, shall be fined one suvarna.

362. This rule does not apply to the wives of actors and singers, nor of those who live on the intrigues of their own wives; for such men send their wives to others or, concealing themselves, allow them to hold criminal intercourse.

363. Yet he who secretly converses with such women, or with female slaves kept by one master, and with female ascetics, shall be compelled to pay a small fine.

364. He who violates an unwilling maiden shall instantly suffer corporal punishment; but a man who enjoys a willing maiden shall not suffer corporal punishment, if (his caste be) the same (as hers).

365. From a maiden who makes advances to a man of)high cast), he shall not take any fine; but her, who courts a man of low caste, let him force to live confined in her house.

366. A man of low caste who makes love to a maiden of the highest (caste) shall suffer corporal punishment; he who addresses a maiden on equal caste shall pay the nuptial fee, if her father desires it.

367. But if any man through insolence forcibly contaminates a maiden, two of his fingers shall be instantly cut off, and he shall pay a fine of six hundred panas.

368. A man (of) equal (caste) who defiles a willing maiden shall not suffer the amputation of his fingers, but shall pay a fine of two hundred panas in order to deter him from a repetition (of the offence).

369. A damsel who pollutes another damsel must be fined two hundred panas, pay the double of her nuptial fee, and receive ten lashes with a rod.

DONKEY RIDE; THROW HER TO DOGS

8-370. But a woman who pollutes a damsel shall instantly have her head)shaved or two fingers cut off, and be made to ride (hrough the town on a donkey.

371. If a wife, proud of the greatness of her relatives or her own)excellence, violates the duty which she owes to her lord, the king shall cause her to be devoured by dogs in a place frequented by many.

372. Let him cause the male offender to be burnt on a red-hot iron bed; they shall put logs under it, Until the sinner is burned to death.

373. On a man (once) convicted, who is (again) accused within a year, a double fine (must be inflicted); even thus (must the fine be doubled) for (repeated) intercourse with a Vratya and a Candali.

374. A Sudra who has intercourse with a woman of a twice-born caste (varna), guarded or unguarded, (shall be punished in the following manner): if she was unguarded, he loses the part (offending) and all his property; if she was guarded, everything even his life.

375. (For intercourse with a guarded Brahmana a Vaisya shall forfeit all his property after imprisonment for a year; a Kshatriya shall be fined one thousand (panas) and be shaved with the urine (of an ass).

376. If a Vaisya or a Kshatriya has connexion with an unguarded Brahmana, let him fine the Vaisya five hundred (panas) and the Kshatriya one thousand.

377. But even these two, if they offend with a Brahmani (not only) guarded (but the wife of an eminent man), shall be punished like a Sudra or be burnt in a fire of dry grass.

378. A Brahmana who carnally knows a guarded Brahmani against her will, shall be fined one thousand (panas); but he shall be made to pay five hundred, if he had connexion with a willing one.

379. Tonsure (of the head) is ordained for a Brahmana (instead of) capital punishment; but (men of) other castes shall suffer capital punishment.

380. Let him never slay a Brahmana, though he have committed all possible crimes; let him banish such an offender, leaving all his property to him and his body unhurt.

KILLING BRAHMINS

8-381. No greater crime is known on earth than slaying a Brahmana; a king, therefore, must not even conceive in his mind the thought of killing a Brahmana.

382. If a Vaisya approaches a guarded female of the Kshatriya caste, or a Kshatriya a (guarded) Vaisya woman, they both deserve the same punishment as in the case of an unguarded Brahmana female.

383. A Brahmana shall be compelled to pay a fine of one thousand (panas) if he has intercourse with guarded (females of) those two (castes); for (offending with) a (guarded) Sudra female a fine of one thousand (panas shall be inflicted) on a Kshatriya or a Vaisya.

384. For (intercourse with) an unguarded Kshatriya a fine of five hundred (panas shall fall) on a Vaisya; but (for the same offence) a Kshatriya shall be shaved with the urine (of a donkey) or (pay) the same fine.

385. A Brahmana who approaches unguarded females (of the) Kshatriya or Vaisya (castes), or a Sudra female, shall be fined five hundred (panas); but (for intercourse with) a female (of the) lowest (castes), one thousand.

386. That king in whose town lives no thief, no adulterer, no defamer, no man guilty of violence, and no committer of assaults, attains the world of Sakra (Indra).

387. The suppression of those five in his dominions secures to a king paramount sovereignty among his peers and fame in the world.

388. A sacrificer who forsakes an officiating priest, and an officiating priest who forsakes a sacrificer, (each being) able to perform his work and not contaminated (by grievous crimes), must each be fined one hundred (panas).

389. Neither a mother, nor a father, nor a wife, nor a son shall be cast off; he who casts them off, unless guilty of a crime causing loss of caste, shall be fined six hundred (panas).

BRAHMINs FIGHTING

390. If twice-born men dispute among each other concerning the duty of the orders, a king who desires his own welfare should not (hastily) decide (what is) the law.

391. Having shown them due honor, he should, with (the assistance of) Brahmanas, first soothe them by gentle (speech) and afterwards teach them their duty.

392. A Brahmana who does not invite his next neighbour and his neighbour next but one, (though) both (he) worthy (of the honour), to a festival at which twenty Brahmanas are entertained, is liable to a fine of one masha.

393. A Srotriya (Vedic Pundit)who does not entertain a virtuous Srotriya at auspicious festive rites, shall be made to pay him twice (the value of) the meal and a masha of gold (as a fine to the king).

NO TAX FOR 70 YEAR OLDS

394. A blind man, an idiot, a cripple who moves with the help of a board, a man full seventy years old, and he who confers benefits on Srotriyas, shall not be compelled by any king to pay a tax.

395. Let the king always treat kindly a Srotriya, a sick or distressed man, an infant and an aged or indigent man, a man of high birth, and an honourable man (Arya).

Washerman, Weaver

396. A washerman shall wash the clothes of his employers gently on a smooth board of Salmali wood he shall not return the clothes of one person for those (of another), nor allow anybody but the owner to wear them.

397. A weaver (who has received) ten palas (of thread), shall return (cloth weighing) one pala more; he who acts differently shall be compelled to pay a fine of twelve (panas).

398. Let the king take one-twentieth of that (amount) which men, well acquainted with the settlement of tolls and duties (and) skilful in (estimating the value of) all kinds of merchandise, may fix as the value for each saleable commodity.

399. Let the king confiscate the whole property of (a trader) who out of greed exports goods of which the king has a monopoly or (the export of which is) forbidden.

400. He who avoids a custom-house (or a toll), he who buys or sells at an improper time, or he who makes a false statement in enumerating (his goods), shall be fined eight times (the amount of duty) which he tried to evade.

401. Let (the king) fix (the rates for) the purchase and sale of all marketable goods, having (duly) considered whence they come, whither they go, how long they have been kept, the (probable) profit and the (probable) outlay.

PRICE FIXING

8-402. Once in five nights, or at the close of each fortnight, let the king publicly settle the prices for the merchants.

403. All weights and measures must be duly marked, and once in six months let him re-examine them.

404. At a ferry an (empty) cart shall be made to pay one pana, a man’s (load) half a pana, an animal and a woman one quarter of a (pana), an unloaded man one-half of a quarter.

405. Carts laden with vessels full of merchandise shall be made to pay toll at a ferry according to the value of the goods, empty vessels and men without luggage some trifle.

406. For a long passage the boat-hire must be proportioned to the places and times; know that this rule refers to passages along the banks of rivers; at sea there is no settled freight.

407. But a woman who has been pregnant two months or more, an ascetic, a hermit in the forest, and Brahmanas who are students of the Veda, shall not be made to pay toll at a ferry.

408. Whatever may be damaged in a boat by the fault of the boatmen, that shall be made good by the boatmen collectively, each paying his share.

409. This decision in suits (brought) by passengers (holds good only) in case the boatmen are culpably negligent on the water; in the case of (an accident) caused by (the will of) the gods, no fine can be (inflicted on them).

410. The king should order a Vaisya to trade, to lend money, to cultivate the land, or to tend cattle, and a Sudra to serve the twice-born castes

411. Some wealth Brahmana shall compassionately support both a Kshatriya and a Vaisya, if they are distressed for a livelihood, employing them on work which is suitable for their castes.

412. But a Brahmana who, because he is powerful, out of greed makes initiated men of the twice-born castes against their will do the work of slaves, shall be fined by the king six hundred panas).

413. But a Sudra, whether bought or unbought, he may compel to do servile work; for he was created by the Self-existent Svayambhu to be the slave of a Brahmana.

414. A Sudra, though emancipated by his master, is not released from servitude; since that is innate in him, who can set him free from it?

SEVEN KINDS OF SLAVES

415. There are slaves of seven kinds, (viz.) he who is made a captive under a standard, he who serves for his daily food, he who is born in the house, he who is bought and he who is given, he who is inherited from ancestors, and he who is enslaved by way of punishment.

416. A wife, a son, and a slave, these three are declared to have no property; the wealth which they earn is (acquired) for him to whom they belong.

417. A Brahmana may confidently seize the goods of (his) Sudra (slave); for, as that (slave) can have no property, his master may take his possessions.

418. (The king) should carefully compel Vaisyas and Sudra to perform the work (prescribed) for them; for if these two (castes) swerved from their duties, they would throw this (whole) world into confusion.

419. Let him daily look after the completion of his undertakings, his beasts of burden, and carriages, (the collection of) his revenues and the disbursements, his mines and his treasury.

420. A king who thus brings to a conclusion. all the legal business enumerated above, and removes all sin, reaches the highest state of bliss.

–SUBHAM–