GOD’S GIFT TO NEWSPAPER WOMEN (Post No.6087)

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Post No. 6087

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STORY OF TAMIL DEVADASIS -PART 3, MANIKKAVALLI, MANANTHAI (Post No.6065)

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Post No. 6065

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STORY OF TAMIL DEVADASIS -PART 3, MANIKKAVALLI, MANANTHAI (Post No.6065)

STORY OF TAMIL DEVADASIS -PART 2, PONANAIYAAR (Post No.6052)

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Post No. 6052


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STORY OF TAMIL DEVADASIS -PART 1, INTRO AND PARAVAI (Post No.6042)

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Post No. 6042
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My previous articles on Sundara’s miracles are :-

TIME TRAVEL by TWO TAMIL SAINTS | Swami’s Indology Blog



14 Feb 2012 – The boy, not only came alive intact but also aged to compensate for the lost two years. This is another instance of Time Travel by a Tamil saint.

Missing: saintsfrom ‎| ‎Must include: ‎saintsfrom

Miracles by the Blind & Oldest Organ Donation | Tamil and Vedas



1.      

25 Feb 2013 – Miracles by the Blind & Oldest Organ Donation God is great. … One of the great Four Saivaite saints,Sundarar, lost vision in one eye and went …

miracles | Tamil and Vedas



1.      

2.      

Translate this page

When we talk about religion, we believe in the miracles done by great saints. ….. from the miracle stories of Tamil Saints Sambandhar, Appar and Sundarar.

Teleportation Miracles in Hindu scriptures | Tamil and Vedas



1.      

2.      

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6 Mar 2013 – Like other three saints he also did severalmiracles. One of the miracles involves teleportation.Sundarar was empty handed when he went to …

Aladdin’s Magic Lamp and Tamil Saints | Tamil and Vedas



1.      

2.      

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9 Mar 2012 – Aladdin’s genie performed several miracles for him. … Sundarar, the last of the three Thevaram saints, was receiving paddy and pulses on a ..

250 Manu Verses in Mahabharata- Dr S Radhakrishnan (Post No.5878)

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Post No. 5878
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Dr S Radhakrishnan, famous philosopher and President of India has compared Manu with Kautilya. He compared Manu Smrti of Manu and Arthasastra of Kautilya in an article published in 1952. I have given below some interesting points,

Manu in the Mahabharata
 
Over 250 Slokas from the Manu Smrti occur in various sections of the Mahabharata and many legends are common between the two works.

Size of the Two books

Manu Smrti has 2685 verses in 12 chapters. It is in poetic verses.
Kautilyas Arthasastra is a prose work in 15 books comprising 6000 Slokas of 32 syllables each in length.

Age of Two works
Manu Smrti in the present redaction belongs to Second century BCE. Kane argued that the epic borrowed the verses from the Smrti and it belongs to pre -epic period.

( yesterday I gave ten reasons to place the original Manu Smrti in the Vedic period. Viewed in that background , 250 plus Slokas in the epic is another proof to show that it was composed before 3100 BCE. But nobody disputes that Hindus updated the Smrti periodically. No one could say which one section or rule is older or newer. Definitely the anti Shudra verses were later interpolations. Because no such trend is seen in the epics or Vedas).


Authorship

Manu Smrti is attributed to Swayabhuva Manu and his disciple Bhrgu recited it to the sages. Kautilya says clearly that he took into account of all the literature on the subject. He refers to the views of over five authors and many unnamed authors.
Manu is a hoary name in Indian tradition. The Manu Smrti is the leading work on the sacred law of ancient India and Arthasastra of Kautilya takes the same rank among the manuals of polity.

Dharma sastra of Manu and Arthasastra of Kautilya alike study man in society.
Dharma sastras in general cover wider ground than Arthasastra and therefore command a wider appeal. For instance the cosmogony and eschatology of the opening and closing chapters of the Manu Smrti have no counterparts in Kautilya’s.

Geographical outlook

Manu divides north India into several graded regions like Aryavarta and Brahmavarta. Kautilya deals with the whole country from the Himalayas to the southern ocean.

( this is another proof to say that Manu must have lived long before Kautilya)

Unlike Kautilya, Manu gives extreme importance to Brahmins but at the same time insists good character and Vedic study for Brahmins.

Society

Both insist the grhastha srama— life of a House holder is greater than the other three stages. Hospitality is emphasised. Eight types of marriages is mentioned by both. Though the names of eight types are mentioned , all other known evidence shows that the normal form of marriage was a monogamous sacramental union between a youth and a maiden of the same Varna/caste .

Women in society

Manu gives a high place to women in social life and family.
Where women are honoured, there the gods are pleased; but where they are not honoured, no sacred rite yields rewards.

In that family where the husband is pleased with his wife and the wife with her husband, happiness will assuredly be lasting .

He is so keen on girls getting proper husbands that he goes so far as to say that when a suitable husband is not to be found, a girl may be kept in her father’s house as a spinster to the end of her life rather than be given over to a man destitute of good qualities. 

Slaves
The Greek writers are positive that slavery was unknown in India in the Mauryan epoch. But Greek type of slavery, ‘Chattel slavery’ was unknown in India. But Manu mentions different kinds of Dasas.

Homer and Good Kings

Manu says that when the world was without a king, it was much agitated with fear; and for its protection Lord Brahma created the king, to protect the good and destroy the wicked. Lord created his own son Danda. Danda is often translated as punishment. But it is more than that. It is the embodiment of law and order, the descendant of the Vedic rta.

Homer says
“When a blameless king fears gods and upholds right judgement then the dark earth yields wheat and barley and the trees are laden with fruits; the young of his flocks are strong, and the sea gives abundance of fish”.

This statement has many parallels in Hindu literature.

Tiruvalluvar in Tamil Veda, Tirukkural also says this.
Manu says, even an infant king must not be despised.

Dr Radha Krishnan,  in his lengthy article, compared administration, justice and ethics as well.

Source
History of Philosophy Eastern and Western, volume one,
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnans article, Manu and Kautilya 

—-Subham ——

HOW SISTER NIVEDITA CHANGED BHARATI (Post No.5767)




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Date: 11 December 2018


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Post No. 5767



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Greatest of the Modern Tamil Poets Subrahmanya Bharati met Sister Nivedita on his way back to Madras from the Benares Congress Conference. This brief meeting took place at Dum Dum, Calcutta in 1905. This meeting has changed Bharati’s life to a great extent.


Bharati went back via Calcutta with the intention of meeting great Bengali patriots. He was fortunate to meet Nivedita. Their conversation turned towards women’s upliftment. Sister Nivedita casually asked Bharati whether he was married. He replied in the affirmative and immediately Nivedita asked him whether his wife also came with him now. Bharati told her that it was not a normal practice to take women to social and public functions.


This reply made Nivedita very angry. She admonished him and said that we should give equal importance and equal participation for women. This awakened Bharati and opened his eyes. From that day onwards, he had vowed to work for women’s liberation. He came back to Madras (Chennai) and started a separate Tamil magazine (Chakravarthini) for the women.



Just before leaving Dum Dum , Sister Nivedita gave him a leaf which she brought from the Holy Himalayas. She touched his head and blessed him. Bharati preserved this leaf until his death in 1921.


K S Raman in an article writes,


“It may be of interest to know that Bharati had handsomely acknowledged his deep sense of gratitude to the great woman Nivedita by dedicating his two books to her in which he says, ‘in a flash without the aid of speech or reasoning thou revealed to me the sacredness of service to the Motherland and glory of renunciation. To you who by virtue of thy piety and excellence became the spiritual daughter of Swami Vivekananda, I dedicate this book’.


In one of his poems also he speaks of the Sister in most glowing terms, which reads as under,
“An offering to Mercy
A Temple of Love
A sun to his spiritual darkness
Rain to the withering country
A fire to the scroll of meanness’



The enlightenment Bharati derived from the Sister can be gauged from the poems he sang in praise of women and their equal status.
It was Bharati, more than anybody else in Tamil Nadu, who worked untiringly for the social uplift of women and the essays and poems he wrote on this question were legion.


About Sister Nivedita, K S Raman adds,


Born of an Irish parentage at Dungannon (Northern Ireland) in 1867, and despite her manifold pursuits, Margaret Noble (later Nivedita) had the growing consciousness of uncertainty and despair in respect of religion; neither Christian doctrines nor the tenets of Buddhism could provide panacea toher disturbed mental state. The visit of Swami Vivekananda to England in 1895 and his teachings kindled Margaret’s latent religious aspirations and desire to serve humanity selflessly. Therefore, she came to India in 1898, and lived in a cottage at Belur with Swamiji’s other two American disciples, was subsequently initiated into Brahmacharya and given the name of Nivedita (the dedicated). The rest of her life of thirteen years in India were devoted to the cause of Indian freedom and emancipation and upliftment of Indian women till her death in 1911.

Tags- Bharati, Nivedita, Women’s status, upliftment of women

University and College Anecdotes (Post No.5613)

 

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Post No. 5613

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GREATNESS OF HARVARD

Dr Charles W Eliot, the eminent educator of Harvard whose fate it has been to be dubiously immortalised by a five foot shelf of books, was once asked how Harvard had gained its prestige as the greatest storehouse of knowledge in the nation.

In all likelihood , said Dr Eliot slyly, it is because the freshmen bring us so much of it, and the seniors take away so little.

Xxx

 

SAVE OUR TOBACCO
Attorney General Seymour of Virginia snorted at the establishment of William and Mary College, which was founded not only to inculcate learning but to save souls? He cried.

Damn your souls. Make tobacco.

Xxx

COW AND COLLEGE

Sir William B—, being at a parish meeting, made certain proposals which were objected to by a farmer. Highly enraged, Sir, said he to the farmer, do you know, sir, that I have been at two universities, and at two colleges in each university?

Well, sir, said the farmer, what o’ that? I had a calf that sucked two kye, an’ the observation I made was, the mair he sucked the greater calf he grew.

Xxx

100 years to make an oak tree!
When James A. Garfield was president of Hiram College a man brought up his son to be entered as a student. He wanted the boy to take a course shorter than the regular one.

My son can never take all those studies, said the father.
He wants to get through more quickly. Can’t you arrange it for him?
Oh, yes, said Mr Garfield, He can take a short course: it all depends on what you want to make of him. When god wants to make an oak he takes a hundred years, but he only takes two months to make a squash.

Xxx

ADVENTURE OF A TOURIST GUIDE
A guide, New at his business, was showing a group of tourists around Oxford. Conscientiously, he pointed out all the places of interest. Coming in front of one of the buildings he paused and said,
‘And this is Trinity Hall, where the president of the college, the famous Benjamin Jowett, lives.’
Glancing around at the upturned faces, the guide then stooped and picked up a handful of gravel and threw it at a second story window. A red faced and a furious man opened the window almost immediately and peered out.

And that is president Jowett himself, said the guide in a tone of voice as though he had just completed a task well done.

Xxx

MISS

Hendrik Willem Von Loon was visiting Cambridge.
That, said someone who was showing him around the university, is Miss Jones, pointing to a formidable looking female striding along before them. She is the mistress of Ridsley Hall.

Who, asked Von Loon, is Ridsley Hall?

Xxx Subham xxx

Part 5 OF 100 GREAT INDIAN WOMEN QUIZ (Post No.5605)

 

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Date: 30 October 2018

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Post No. 5605

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81.Who was Vardhamana Mahavira’s mother?

82.Jawaharlal Nehru’s sister who became President of United Nations Organisation

83.First woman who was  a Parsi, to practise law in India and Britain

84.A woman scholar who discussed philosophic matters with King Janaka (according to Mahabharata)

85.Great botanist of India, born in Kerala, held many big posts

86.Tamil novelist, journalist, writer who wrote 115 books nearly 100 years ago.

87.Queen who taught Dharma to her son Alarka, according to Markandeya Purana

88.Seventeenth century mystic poet of Kashmir, whose birth name was Alakeshwar

89.Wife of first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, mother of Indira Gandhi,freedom fighter.

90.Freedom fighter and wife of Jayapaprakash Narayan…………….

 

91.A woman who made noise during Buddha’s lecture and Buddha told the meeting about Seven Types of Wives. What is the name of that wife?

92.In Kulothunga Choza’s inscriptions, names of  two queens are mentioned. who are they?

93.Poet, Hindi film actress and singer who acted in over 90 films in 33 years…

94.One of the Greatest Emperors of India was mighty Chandragupta; he married a princess and got the dowry of Mighty Magada. What is the name of that queen?

95.A woman who reconverted Appar to Hinduism from Jain faith, (Appar-one of the Great Four of Tamil Nadu)

SEE THE LAST QUESTION

97.Kashmiri Queens had their own treasuries and powers. One of the famous queens dismissed the mal administration of Padmaraja. What is her name?

  1. A queen went to forest with Pandu and died with him. who is she?

96,99, 100++ Can you recognize these great queens of Tamil Nadu? Who are these people?

Sanga, Ammanga Devi,Kunthavai, Manakkilli, Avanimuzuthudaiyal, Paduman Devi, Panchavan Mahadevi, Vanavan Mahadevi, Orattanan Sorappai, Thanthi Sakthi Vidangi/Loka Maha Devi, Mukkookizan Adikal, Thyagavalli, Thyaka pathaka, Sembian Mahadevi, Kopperun Devi, Anthuva Sellai, Ilangovenman.

 

ANSWERS:—-

81.TRISHALA

82.VIJAYALAKSHMI PANDIT

83.PARSI WOMAN CORNELIA SORABJI

84.SULABHA

  1. JANAKI AMMAL, BOTANIST

86.KOTHAINAYAKI NOVELIST

87.MADALASA in Markandeya Puranam

88.RUPA BHAWANI OF KASHMIR

89.KAMALA NEHRU

90.PRABHAVATI DEVI

  1. SUJATA

92.THIYAGA VALLI and EZISAI VALLABHI

93.Meenakumari

94.Kumaradevi

95.HIS OWN SISTER THILAKAVATHY

97.Queen Suryamati (7th chapter of Rajatarangini)

98.Madri

96, 99, 100++++.

Kunthavai- Chalukya King Vimala Aditya’s wife, dauther of mighty Raja Raja Choza

Ammanga Devi- Rajendra Choza’s daughter, Wife of Chalukya king Raja raja

Manakkilli- Wife of Neduncheralathan

Sanga- Wife of Pallava king Nandivarman

Sembian Mahadevi- Wife of Kandarathiththa Choza

Avanimuluthudaiyal- Wife of Rajaraja II

Paduman Devi- Wife of Cheralathan

Panchavan Mahadevi- Wife of Muthaiyan Mahimalayan

Vanavan Mahadevi- Wife of Uttama Choza

Orattanan Sorappai- Another wife of Uttama choza

Lokamahadevi- Rajaraja’s Chief Queen

Mukkokizan Adikal- Wife of Vikrama Choza

Madurantaki- Wife of Kulothungan I, later Thyagavalli

Thyagapathaka- Wife of Vikrama Choza

((List of Tamil Queens is taken from famous historian Dr R NagaswaMy’s book.))

 

–subham–

Part 4 of 100 Great Indian Women Quiz (Post No.5600)

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Date: 28 October 2018

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Post No. 5600

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Part 4 of 100 Great Indian Women Quiz (Post No.5600)

In part-4, see whether you recognize some foreign women who served Hindu culture or Indian independence

61.Do you know the Gujarati Parsi woman who supported the Independence movement?

62.Who was the great Theosophist woman who supported self rule for the Indians and the Irish?

63.Margaret Elizabeth Noble became Swami Vivekananda’s disciple. What is the name given to her by Swamiji?

  1. Who was Mirra Alfasa?

65.A poet born in Uttar Pradesh, wrote patriotic poems, courted arrest as woman Satyagrahi;her poem Jhansi ki Rani in Hindi is a very popular poem. Who is she?

 

66.Captain Of INA formed by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose…

67.12th century poet of Kannada language and a prominent Lingayat…………..

68.Who founder Rashta Sevika Samiti, a parallel organisation of RSS for women only

69.Emperor Asoka sent his daughter to Sri Lanka and other places to spread Buddha’s message. What is her name?

  1. Daughter of Madhavi of Tamil Epic Silappadikaram; also name of a goddess of marine traders…………….

71.A political and social leader of Nagaland who revolted against British rule, queen of Naga tribe..

72.Two Daughters of Tamil Philanthropist Pari who were saved by poet Kapilan, part of 2000 year old Sangam literature

  1. A woman leader who raised the profile of India in international arena by exploding a nuclear device….

74.A Tamil queen who jumped into funeral pyre of a Pandya king 2000 years ago. Her poem is part of Sangam literature……..

75.Mathematics wizard who beat super fast computers and entered Guinness Book of Records

76.A courtesan of Vaisali kingdom of Bihar who met Buddha and became a monk.

77.Wife of famous Tamil poet Valluvar, who is known for her miraculous powers.

78.First Indian Space woman who lost her life in Colombia Space shuttle accident.

79.Famous dancer, theosophist, choreographer born in Madurai.

80.A great scholar who was the judge in the debating contest between her husband Mandana Mishra and the greatest Hindu philosopher Adi Shankara.

 

ANSWERS

61.MADAM BHIKAIJI CAMA

62.ANNIE BEASANT

63.NIVEDITA

64.Mirral Alfasa born to Egyptian mother a Turkish father is known as MOTHER OF AUROBINDO ASHRAM

65.SUBHADRAKUMARI CHAUHAN

66.CAPTAIN LAKSHMI OF INA

67.AKKAMAHADEVI

68.LAKSHMI BHAI KELKAR

69.SANGAMITRAI

70.MANIMEGALAI

71.RANI GAIDINLIU OF NAGALAND

72.ANGAVAI, SANGAVAI (Paari Makalir)

73.INDIRA GANDHI

74.BHUTHAPANDIYAN DEVI

  1. SHAKUNTALADEVI, MATHEMATICIAN
  1. AMRA PALI (AMBA PALI)

77.VASUKI (Mathanubhangi is her other name)

78.KALPANA CHAWLA

79.RUKMINIDEVI ARUNDALE, DANCER

80.UBHAYA BHARATI

to be continued………….

 

XXXXXX SUBHAM XXXXXX

PART 3 OF 100 GREAT INDIAN WOMEN QUIZ (Post No.5597)

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Date: 27 October 2018

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Post No. 5597

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Can you name these women?

PART 3 (First two parts contain another forty famous names)

 

41.Woman of Kakatiya Kingdom who ruled as monarch 800 years ago.

42.Queen of Gondwana (Khandava Vana) who ruled an area of Uttar Pradesh 500 years ago.

43.A great Marathi woman devotee of Vithala who  lived with cruel mother in law; films were made in many languages on her.

44.A Nayak queen of Madurai, grand daughter of Rani Mangammal

45.Daugher of mathematician Bhaskara,a book in her name was written by him

46.Nightingale of India, Freedom fighter, great poet

47.Arjuna married Chitrangada, princess of Manipura, during his visit to Tamil Nadu. What is her Tamil name, who is the source for dramas and folk songs?

48.Great poetess of Tamil language; scholars believe at least 3 poets lived in her name

49.Heroine of a famous Tamil epic; as bold as Draupadi of Mahabharata; worshiped as goddess

50.Daughter Karikal Choza, a chaste woman who brought her husband back from the Kaveri floods

51.Devotional Vaishnavite poet, author of beautiful poems who merged with god

52.Great mystic Poet of Kashmiri Shaivism

53.Wife of a great saint of Bengal and herself a saint

54.Wife of Mahatma Gandhi

55.Great Tamil singer who took Carnatic music to United Nations

56.One of the three great singers of Carnatic music who popularized Poet Bharatiyar’s songs through films

57.Another Tamil musician, daughter of musician Lalithangi and disciple of G N Balasubramanian

58.Popular Classical Bharatanatyam of dancer of Thanjavur; synonymous with Bharatnatyam in Tamil Nadu

59.Wife of Buddhaa, mother of Rahula

60.Social reformer, poet and educationist of Maharashtra who died of Plague in Pune

 

ANSWERS

41.RUDRAMA DEVI

42.RANI DURGAVATI

43.SAKKUBHAI

44.MEENAKSHI OF MADURAI

45.LEELAVATI (Lilavati)

46.SAROJINI NAYUDU

47.ALLI RANI/CHITRANGADA

48.AVVAIYAR

49.KANNAKI

50.ADI MANTHI

51.ANDAL

52.LAL DED (Lalleswari) OF KASHMIR

53.SARADA DEVI

54.KASTURIBHAI

55.MS SUBBULAKSHMI

56.DK PATTAMMAL

57.M L VASANTHAKUMARI

58.BALA SARASVATI

59.YASODHARA, WIFE OF BUDDHA, MOTHER OF RAHULA

60.SAVITRIBHAI PHULE

–subham–