COMPARISON BETWEEN TAMIL POET AND ROMAN POET HORACE (Post No.5427)

Written by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 13 September 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 21-22 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5427

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

Two thousand years ago Muranchiyur Mudingarayar sang about Tamil Chera King Uthiyan Cheralathan. Around that time Roman poet Horace who composed poems in Latin also sang about kings. P Arunachalam compared both the poets and published an article in 1898. Before you read the comparison, I wanted to make some points on the same poem (verse 2 in Purananuru).

 

Muranchiyur Mudinagarayar’s poem is part of the oldest part of Purananuru, one of the 18 books of Sangam Tamil literature.

There are some interesting historical information as well as similes. This poem explodes all the Aryan- Dravidian myths. There was no such division.

1.The poet’s name is in Sanskrit Mudi Nagarajan. ‘The one who has snake on the head’- is the literal translation. It may be Lord Shiva or just Naga king. Since we have many Purananuru poets with pure Sanskrit names such as Damodaran,Valmiki, Brahama, Lochana, Parana, Kannadasan (Dayan Kannanar) and Maha chitran, it was not uncommon in those days.

2.Poet Nagarajan refers to Four Vedas and Brahmin’s Three Fires (Garhapatya, Ahavaniyam and Dakshinagniyam) which shows Vedic culture was strongly rooted in Tamil Nadu ( we have other refences to Yupa pillar everywhere, Rajasuyam, eagle shaped fire altar of Karikalan)

  1. The poem reflects Kalidasa’s description of the Himalayas in Kumarasambhavam and other works. The deer are taking rest in the Ahramas of seers where they enjoy the warmth of Sacred fire.

4.Another very interesting point is the reference to Pancha  bhutas. We see it in the Vedas. And the ancient Sanskrit literature always compare the Pancha Bhutas with five qualities of a King. It shows that the thought process was the same from Kanyakumari to Kashmir.

5.There is a debatable reference to Mahabharata war. Chera King praised as one who provided food for the combatants during the great war. The Tamil word used in the poem is ‘Perun Choru’ (Big food or feast). The word is not found nowhere else. Since Mudi Nagarajan was part of Second Tamil Sangam, commentator thought that the king lived during very old time. Linguistics or historic chronology wouldn’t allow any such interpretation. Language is very simple and it cannot be as old as 3102 BCE. If Uthiyan Cheran lived around that time we need a long list of Chera kings to fill the time gap. We didn’t  have such a king list. Chera king Uthiyan cheral was also sung by Mamulanar, another popular poet.

 

Then what is Big Rice or Big Food or Big Feast

Actually, on the death anniversary of big leaders,  people are fed to keep their memory or sacrifice alive It is just an Anna Dana like Saivite Guru pujas. Since the word is not used anywhere else in Tamil, no one could say whether it is right or wrong. But the language of the poem and the history of Tamil kings provide us enough clues.

 

6.The order of or the origin of Five elements (Pancha Bhutas) is in ‘Andhati’ style. Not only the style, the matter agrees with the Sanskrit scriptures.

 

  1. The golden Himalayas (Kanchan Srnga which is called Kanchen Janga now) is mentioned in Kalidasa’s work. Elsewhere I have given it as a proof for Kalidasa’s age. He lived before Sangam Tamil period.

8.There are references to bad omens: a)milk becoming sour b) day time becoming dark (solar eclipse; eclipses are considered bad omens)

 

9.Last but not the least there is an indirect reference to Agastya in the poem. Why did the poet compare Himalayas and Pothiya Hills? Pothiya Hills is the southern residence of the great seer Agastya who was sent by Lord Shiva to codify a grammar to Tamil language. Researchers say that it happened around 1000 BCE or 700 BCE. So the comparison between Pothiya and Himalayas is a veiled reference to Agastya Muni. Kalidasa refers to Pothiyam and the Himalayas in his Ragu vamsam.

 

Following is taken from a magazine published in 1898:-

 

 

–subham–

WHAT DID I DISCOVER IN INDIA?– JAWAHARLAL NEHRU (Post No.5412)

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 10 September 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 17-53 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5412

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

Quotes from Jawaharlal Nehru’s ‘Discovery of India’

Man’s dearest possession is life, and since it is given to him to live but once, he must so live as not to be seared with the shame of a cowardly and trivial past, so live as not to be tortured for years without purpose, so live that dying he can say, ‘All my life and my strength given to the first cause of the world- the liberation of mankind’ –Nicolai Ostrovsky
Xxxx

We in India do not have to go abroad in search of the past and the distant. We have them here in abundance. If we go to foreign countries, it is in search of the present. That search is necessary, for isolation from it means backwardness and decay.

Xxxx

Nearly five months have gone by since I took to this writing and I have covered a thousand hand written pages with this jumble of ideas in my mind. For five months I have travelled in the past and peeped into the future and sometimes tried to balance myself on that point of intersection of the timeless with time.

Xxx

On June 15th both were discharged ( Narendra Deva and Nehru) , 1041 days after our arrest in August 1942. Thus, ended my ninth and the longest term of imprisonment.

Xxx

What did I discover?
The discovery of India — what have I discovered.
It was presumptuous of me to imagine that I could unveil her and find out what she is today and what she was in the long past. Today she is four hundred million separate individual men and women, each differing from the other, each living in a private universe of thought and feeling. If this is so in the present, how much more difficult is it to grasp multitudinous past of innumerable successions of human beings. Yet something has bound them together and binds them still. India is a geographical and economic entity, a cultural unity amidst diversity, a bundle of contradictions held together by strong but invisible threads.

 

Overwhelmed again and again, her spirit was never conquered, and today when she appears to be the plaything of a proud conqueror, she remains unsubdued and unconquered. About her there is the elusive quality of a legend of long ago; some enchantment seems to have held her mind. She is a myth and an idea, a dream and a vision, and yet very real and present and pervasive. There are terrifying glimpses of dark corridors which seem to lead back to primeval night, but also there is the fullness and warmth of the day about her. Shameful and repellent she is occasionally, perverse and obstinate, sometimes even a little hysteric, this lady with a past, but she is very lovable, and none of her children can forget her wherever they go, whatever strange fate befalls them. For she is part of them in her greatness as well as her failings, and they are mirrored in those deep eyes of her that have seen so much of life’s passion and joy and folly, and looked down into wisdoms well.

Each one of them is drawn to her, though perhaps each one has a different reason for that attraction or can point to no reason at all, and each sees some different aspect of her many -sided personality. From age to age she has produced great men and women, carrying on the old tradition and yet ever adapting it to changing times.

 

What Tagore said………………

Rabindranath Tagore, in line with that great succession, was full of temper and urges of the modern age and yet was rooted in India’s past and in his own self built up a synthesis of the old and the new.’ I love India’, he said, ‘not because I cultivate the idolatry of geography, not because I have had the chance to be born in her soil but because she has saved through tumultuous ages the living words that have issued from the illuminated consciousness of her great ones’. So many will say, while others will explain their love for her in some different way.

 

Xxx SUBHAM xxx

Tamil and Sanskrit names in Cambodian Inscriptions and Folktales (Post No.5387)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

 

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 2 September 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 15-10 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5387

 

 

Tamil and Sanskrit names in Cambodian Inscriptions and Folktales (Post No.5387)
South East Asian countries were ruled by Hindu kings for over one thousand years. Influence of Sanskrit language is seen everywhere, but Tamil influence was not noticed by many. When I read two books written by Judith M Jacob, senior lecturer at SOAS, University of London, I made some marginal notes and I give them below:-

Slave names in Cambodian inscriptions have beautiful Tamil and Sanskrit names. Some musicians and dancers have very poetic names e.g Vasanta mallika, (spring jasmine) in Khmer inscription K 557.

We may compare it with the 400 beautiful names in Rajaraja Choza inscriptions in Thanjavur. He had given the names of all the 400 dancers employed in the big Hindu temple. Some of them are beautiful Tamil names and others were beautiful Sanskrit names.

Xxx


Slaves in Cambodia were treated as ‘goods’ possessed by an owner. They were gifted to temples along with lands and other goods.
A case suggesting two dependent parents is recorded on inscription K904,A1.23,
“me kandan, ta kandan ku Kandan” meaning mother of Kandan, father of Kandan.

Kandan is a Tamil name derivedfrom Sanskrit Skanda.
Va and Ku are used frequently in inscriptions, Va is Mr and Ku is Mrs or Miss.

In folk tales Kandhan , with Tamil spelling, Kam Raj, Krishna Kumar and Suvanna Kumar ( Swarnakumara) are used. Though these names are Tamilized Sanskrit words these are more common in Tamil Nadu than other parts of India.

 

Order of details in Inscriptions
Pre-Angkor inscriptions followed the same order in giving details like India. Here also we see Indian influence.
The date or name of the reigning king;
The title and name of donors;
The name of the god;
Names of the people from whom the donor obtained land to offer to the foundation;
The extent, location, capacity of the donated rice fields;
The names of the donated slaves with an indication of their duties;
Details of the subsistence given to the religious personnel;
Details of other lands given to the foundation, orchards, market, garden etc
List of precious objects given to the foundation;
The statement s that the revenues are to be combined with those of another foundation ;
Warning of punishment for anyone using or abusing the belongings of the foundation.

King Vikramaditya
‘Satra keng kantrai’ is a collection of legal tales known also in Laos, Thailand and Burma. In each case the dispute cannot be solved by a mere judge and has to be referred to the king. His judgments are wise and fair. When two women claim to be the mother of one child, for example, he settles the case very much as Solomon did.
It is like our Vikramaditya, a wise and just king.

 

Tamil Anangu
The frequent appearances in the stories of spirits ‘anak ta’ always associated with a specific locality such as a strangely shaped tree trunk or huge rock may be compared with ‘Thaakku Anangu’ in Sangam Tamil literature and Brahmarakshas in Sanskrit literature. This shows clear Indian influence. (Thaaku Anangu= Anak Ta)

When we look at all these stories we come across Sanskrit or Tamil words or parallel Indian stories. That shows even Solomon’s stories are borrowed from India and adapted.

Dhananjay
‘Themen Chey’ is a story known in Cambodia, Burma and Thailand. It is the corrupted form of Dhananjayan, one of the popular names of Arjuna. Also a common name among business community of Tamil Nadu. In the story, he is a poor boy who rises first to be the servant of a rich man, then to attend upon the king, and finally to be the most eminent man in the land.

–subham–

 

SCIENCE IN NALA DAMAYANTHI STORY OF MAHABHARATA (Post No.5371)

RESEARCH ARTICLE WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Date: 28 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 13-57 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5371

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

 

There is a very interesting love story of  Nala and Damayanthi  in the third chapter, Vana Parva,  of Mahabharata. This interesting story was adapted into Tamil by two poets Pukazenthi and Athi Veera Rama Pandyan.  Other poets of Tamil epic Silappadikaram and Thevaram made passing references to it. Because he story is so moving lot of other things in the story are missed by many. According to Mahabharata, it is a pre-Mahabharata story. That means it should have happened before 3100 BCE. It reflects the social condition of those days which is supported by other books as well, particularly Sangam Tamil literature.

Following subjects are dealt within the story:-

1.Extra Terrestrials

  1. Art of Disguise
  2. Eight Paranormal Powers

4.Bird Migration and Training Birds for communication

5.Art of Cookery

6.Art of Charioting

7.Magic Numbers

8.Art of Gambling and Manipulation

9.invisible Cloaking

10.Toxicology

11.Moral Teaching and Psychology

12.Letter Writing by Kings

13.Truth alone Triumphs

14.Necessity of cleanliness

15.Role of Poetry

16.Brahmin Ambassadors/ Role of Ambassadors

17.Travellers’ Tale & Business Travel

18.Geography

19.History

20.Role of Saints/Psychologists

21.Child care

22.Unusual Freedom of Indian Women

23.Body marks

24.Science of Horses

25.Tree Science

  1. SHARING/ EXCANGE OF INFORMATION

 

NALA DAMAYANTI story was translated into Latin by Bopp and into English verse by Dean Milman.

DAMAYANTI  was the only daughter of King Bhima of Vidarbha (Nagpur region in Maharashtra). She was very beautiful and clever. Nala, King of Nishada, was a brave and handsome person. He was learned in Vedas and virtuous. He had great skills in arms, management of horses and cooking. His only weakness was addiction to gambling (which we see later in Yudhishthira of Mahabharata as well). Nala and Damayanti loved each other, though they have never met. Nala sent a message using swans.

(This shows the use of animals for human communication; it is in Sangam literature Purananuru verse as well.)

 

Bhima determined that his daughter should hold a swayamvara. The warrior class Hindu women of India had the highest freedom in the world. They chose the bravest ad cleverest prince or a king as their husband. This explodes the theory of Aryan immigration and Aryan-Dravidian division. Since it was not practised anywhere in the world except Hindus from Kanyakumari to Kashmir from the Vedic days, we know the Aryan migration is a concocted story. Madurai Meenakshi, Alli Rani of Tamil Nadu, Yadava women of Tamil Nadu, Indumati of Kalidasa’s Ragu Vamsam, Sita of Ramayana and Draupadi and Damayanti of Mahabharata show that the foreigners’ theory of Aryan and Dravidian is a farce.

(This shows Hindu women were freer and cleverer; even Kalidasa’s wife was a clever woman who wanted to marry only the cleverest man; Though she was fooled by her own ministers later Kalidasa received Goddess Kali’s grace and became most intelligent and world famous).

 

Bhima sent letters to all the kings inviting them to Swayamvara (princess choosing her own partner). The message was sent by letter written on barks of the trees or cloth. This also explodes the foreigners’ pet theory that Hindus derived Brahmi script from Phoenicians. Even before the Mahabharata period, all stories say something about  writing.

 

Kings flocked to Damayanti’s Swayamvara and among them was Nala. Having heard the beauty of Damayanti through the Inter Galactc traveller Narada, even the Vedic Gods Indra, Varuna, Agni and Yama came to it. Nala who met them on the way, without knowing their intention, promised them to help. Even when they asked his help in marrying Damayanti , he did not go back on his words. Throughout Hindu literature whether it is a curse or a boon, not even Gods would go back on their words. This Truthfulness of the Hindus was praised by all foreign visitors at least for 2000 years. Modern India also engraved the Upanishad dictum ‘Truth Alone Triumphs’ on its National Emblem.

 

Nala reluctantly performed the promised task, but his presence perfected his conquest, and the maiden announced her resolve to pay due homage to Four Vedic Gods , but choose him for her lord. Nala entered the harem of Damayanti by becoming invisible with the power given by the Vedic gods. Now we read in science magazines about ‘Invisible cloaks’. We had such facilities thousands of years ago!

During the Swayamvara (princess freely choosing her own lord), all the four gods looked like Nala (art of disguise), but Damayanti was able to see the features of Extra Terrestrials in the Four heavenly Gods. Their feet never touched the ground (floating), they never winked (no beating of brows) and their garlands never withered. Throughout Hindu literature we such description of ETs are found. Other Puranas say ETs cant have sex in the heaven due to Parvati’s curse. They can exceed the speed of Light in Inter Galactic Travel falsifying Einstein’s theory. According to Hindus mind is the fastest object in the Universe, not Light.

 

When Damayanti chose Nala as her husband, they got married formally and lived happily for some time. Kali, the symbol of bad age- Iron Age- also came for the Swayamvara, but very late. When he heard that everything was over, he decided that he would separate the couple in future. One day when Nala did not wash his hands and feet before worshipping God, Kali entered him and made him an addict to gambling.

 

Hindus always use this evet to emphasize cleanliness; if a person is not pure or clean mentally and physically, the person will be spoiled. This is a moral lesson every parent gives to their children.

At Kali’s instigation Pushkara, younger brother of Nala challenged him to come for a game of dice. Kali charmed the dice and Nala went on losing; but he was infatuated; the entreaties of friends and ministers, wife and children, were of no avail; he went on till he had lost his all, even his clothes. His brother Pushkara became king and proclaimed that no one should give food or shelter to Nala. So, the defeated king wandered forth into the forest with his wife Damayanti.

 

When he tried to catch some beautiful birds with his only garment, they flew away with it (This is comparable to Rama trying to catch the golden deer for Sita). He shared the cloth of Damayanti and decided at one stage that he should leave her alone. While she was sleeping, he slipped out leaving her in great distress. When she came to forest she wisely sent her two children Indrasena and Indrasenaa (long vowel is used for females in Sanskrit; Krishna is lord; Krishnaa is Draupadi).

 

This shows the importance of child care. A woman worries more about the safety and welfare of her children than her life.

 

Damayanti joined the caravan that was passing through the forest. We find such caravans going through forest in Tamil literature as well. The caravan of business people was attacked by an elephant and the chaotic scene is described vividly in the Mahabharata. Even Brahmins joined the group of tradesmen passing through the forest.

When the queen mother of Chedi Kingdom saw a beautiful woman with all the features of a queen, walking with the traders, she called her and gave her refuge. Now we learn about the geography and history of ancient India. We have come across Vidarbha, Nishada, Chedi and later Ayodhya and Dasarna kingdoms. Ayodhya of Kosala Kingdom is 800 miles away from Vidarbha. We even come across Krishna travelling from Gujarat to Uttarpradesh in Mahabharata. 1000 mile travel was done with the fastest horses 5000 years ago!

 

Nala fell in with the king of serpents Karkotaka in the forest, who was under a curse from which Nala was to deliver him. The serpent bit Nala and the poison should work upon him till the evil spirit (Kali) was gone out of him, and then he should restore his original handsome form. The serpent’s poison made him ugly and deformed. Here we learn about toxicology. Minus X Minus is Plus. One impurity of poison works as an antidote for another impurity (Kali). Now Nala looked like a misshapen dwarf (dwarf becoming a normal man is also in Periya Purana. A pandyn king dwarf king was made normal by a Miracle boy named Sambandar in Tamil Nadu).

 

Nala entered the service of King Rituparna of Ayodhya, as a trainer of horses and an accomplished cook, under the name of Bahuka. ( we see some similarity with the Bhima episode in incognito period).

 

Damayanti was sent to her father’s kingdom of Vidarbha where he found her children. Then she devised a clever plan to bring back Nala. She announced a second swayamvara since three years  had gone. King of Vidarbha also made all efforts to find Nala, but could not succeed in it.

In those days Brahmins were used as ambassadors and Damayanti also employed a Brahmin to find Nala with all the available information. One of the identification technique was the words (cliché) Nala used (we see such identification techniques in Ramayana as well). The Brahmin identified Nala with such clichés used by Bhauka ( Nala in different disguise) and informed Damayanti about his whereabouts.

 

In the meantime, Rituparna, having heard the second swayamwara of Damayanti, decided to attend it. Since he knew that Nala was a great driver of chariots, he employed the service of him to travel 800 miles in 24 hours (100 yojanas in the original). On their way the speed of the vehicle was explained with some examples. When Rituparna lost his shawl, he asked him stop the chariot so that he can pick it up. Nala said that the chariot had already travelled 8 miles from the spot (before he finished one sentence). On his way Nala says that a particular tree has so many leaves and fruits. When the co -driver Varushneyan checked one branch of a tree it was proved correct. Such references in the story showed the advance science of biology and horse training. Before choosing the horses for the fastest travel, Nala exhibited his knowledge in the field.

 

We also have great proof of Hindus knowledge in the art of charioting from the Vedas and from the Horse Manual of Kikkuli of 1380 BCE in Turkey. The manual has instructions in Sanskrit! More over Homer also used the Sanskrit word in the first book of Greek literature. Trojan horse episode means Horse -Horse Episode, because Troja is itself Turaga, Sanskrit word for horse and Turkey as well. TROJA=TURAGA=TURKEY= KUDRA in Tamil ( dyslexic image of Troga is Gutra= Kudra= Kuthirai in Tamil).

On their way Rituparna taught Nala the science of numbers and the rule of chances and learnt from Nala, the science of horses. This shows the Exchange of Knowledge and Sharing Information. As soon as Nala acquired this knowledge, the evil spirit (Kali which means Dark) went out of him. Here is another lesson. If you do anything without full knowledge of it, you suffer. The ignorance, impurity uncleanliness- all are Kali+ dark forces. They all went out of him as soon as he became aware of this; but still he retained his deformity.

 

Damayanti half penetrated his disguise and was at length convinced that it was her husband Nala by the flavour of a dish he cooked. Here comes the art of cooking. In Tamil Nadu only men cook even today for big events, conferences and weddings. Two names have become proverbial among Hindus; if someone cooks very well immediately they will say ‘Oh he is Bhima, He is Nala’. Both of them employed themselves when they were in the forest. There is another lesson here. The more fields you know, better and easier it will be for your future or survival. Nala’s art of charioting, art of cooking, knowledge in the Science of Asva/Horse –all these things came handy.

 

Afterwards Nala and Damayanti met and Nala resumed his form. Gods also assured him that Damayanti was virtuous. Now that he knew the science of numbers he challenged Pushkara for a game of dice and won the game. Rituparna’s teaching helped him. Humbled Pushkara was forgiven by Nala and he sent him to his own city with lots of gifts. Nala and Damayanti talked and talked about all the things that happened in the past three years. Like Ramayana, Nala also had some doubts about her chastity during his absence. But Gods assured him that she was well behaved in the past three years.

 

There is another thing in the story. Nala was given the knowledge of eight miracles. By obtaining this paranormal skill he did cooking without fire and water. And he was able to pass through narrow ways and lower gates. His glance made the pots and vessels to fill in with water. If he showed the fuel stick in sun it got fire like phosphorous. Even if he crushed a flower it remained fresh and intact. All these things were watched by Damayanti’s attendent and reported to  Damayanti before she met Nala.

When a Brahmin ambassador met Nalan (Bahuka) in Ayodhya he repeated the words which Damayanti already knew because Nala used to quote that passage. This type of riddles we see in the Story of Kalidasa and Bhohja. All the episodes in the Nala Story show that the Hindu civilization of Pre Mahabharata period was very well advanced in every field.

The queen mother who gave refuge to Damayanti in the Chedi Kingdom was actually aunty of Damayanti. She came from Dasarna kingdom. During a conversation they founout the close relationship and cried in joy. All these facts and twists in the story make it more interesting than a modern Indian film.

 

Damayanti’s mole in between her brows also figure in the story which helps her identification. This shows the science of body marks was very familiar.

 

In short, if one reads the Nala-Damayanti between the lines, one would come across lot of facts to show that it was a developed and advanced civilization.

–Subham-

 

 

 

Mogul king Babar and Cow Goddess (Post No.5343)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 20 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 9-21 AM (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5343

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

Mogul kings followed strange customs. Though they were Muslims they believed in local customs. Akbar did worship Sun God like Hindus. But not many people knew what Babar did.

Picture shows Babur standing on a strip of white cloth. In the foreground is an old mogul soldier holding a piece of cloth which he has tied to the leg of a cow. In the background trumpets are being sounded and drums beaten.

 

Turks worshiped goddess Shakti before waging a war. Akbar got Babar Nama painted during his reign. Some of the paintings were printed by the National Museum, New Delhi under the title, ‘Paintings of the Babar Nama’, and the plate no.IV has a note which runs as follows,

The moguls observed rules and ceremonies which were laid long ago by Chengiz Khan. For each clan, a place was fixed in battle array. One of the ceremonies was acclamation of nine standard s which is described by Babar thus,
“The standards were acclaimed in mogul fashion. The khan dismounted and nine standard s were placed in front of him. A mogul tied a long strip of white cloth to the thigh bone of a cow and the other end in his hand. Three other long strip of white cloths were tied to the staves of three of the nine standard s, just below the yak tails and their other ends brought for the khan to stand on one end for me and Sl. Muh. Khanika to stand each one of the two others. The mogul who had hold of the strip of cloth fastened to the cow’s leg then said something in Mughal while he looked at the standard s and made signs towards them. The khan and those present sprinkled Quntiz ( fermented mares milk) in the direction of the standards , hautbois and drums were sounded towards them, the army flung the war -cry out three times towards them, mounted and cried it again and rode at the gallop around them.

In the picture one can see two domes with Trisula on their top, which must have been a temple of goddess Shakti. This is the remnant of Bharatiya Yadhuvamsi rulers.

The whole ritual is un- Islamic and was prevalent among Chugatai Turks till Babar s period.
There is a belief that Maharajah Gaja was twelfth from Lord Krishna, the Yadava ruler, and he founded the city of Gazni after his name following the defeat of his enemies. He defeated the forces of Ruma and Khurasan ( Turkey and Iran ) . He ruled from Mathura to Kabul and Lahore was also under his rule. From Maharajah Gaja to Gaja Singh III , for 74 generations, they ruled Gazni under different vicissitudes.

Having been dislodged from Gazni, one of their descendents Shalivahana sent his family to Jvalamukhi in Himachal Pradesh and founded Shalivahanpur or Salpur, identified with modern Sialkot . He had ten sons and one of them Bhatti recaptured Gazni and constructed a fort at Haroth to celebrate 101 generations of their rule in the region. All these are recorded in their family history.

Even if we discard all the exaggerations we can see some glorious history of the Yadava rulers from the time of Krishna’s predecessors.

 

Source Book: Glimpses of Bharatiya History, R S Kushwaha


–Subham–

 

More About Rig Vedic Kings : Nine Interesting Points (Post No.5336)

Research Article Written by London swaminathan

Date: 18 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 21-17  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5336

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

 

Kings and Queens of Rig Veda

I am just updating my previous post with the following new information:

So far my research has revealed More Interesting Information

1.We have Sumerian and Iranian names in the Rig Veda.

2.Sindhudvipa (name of a seer) is a very interesting name, meaning king of Indus valley . This links Rig Veda with the Indus Valley Civilization. The follow up is in Mahabharata- Jayadratha of Sindhudesa (3100 BCE)

3.Another interesting name is Pratardhana (1380 BCE) . This name is found in Vishnu Sahasranama and Mitanni Civilization (1380 BCE inscription). Mitanni King is not the Rig Vedic king who is very old. But the interesting fact is that the Rig Vedic name has travelled up to Turkey.

4.Revolutionary Naabhananethista is a very interesting name for several reasons; the name itself is strange; more linked to Sumerian sound; another reason is Hindu scriptures say that he revolted against the family and so his father Manu and brothers did not allot him a share in the property; He is like Akhenaten of Egypt. In Sumerian/ Assyria another king with similar name revolted against the formal religion and introduced new god like Akhenaten. So this revolutionary Nabananedisthta needs further research.

  1. I have already discussed Sumuka which is found only in Manu Smrti and Sumerian literature Nowhere else!
  2. Dumuzi/ Sammata/ Fish God mystery is also discussed already (please look at the bottom for links)

7.There is another interesting detail added by P L Bhargava: King’s younger brother and some Vaisyas become Brahmins by becoming Rishis. We see such a thing in Ilanko of Tamil literature and other Puranas.

8.Iranian King Balbhutha figures in the Eighth Mandala of Rig Veda where Camel Dana and Cow Dana are described. The Rig Veda covers a vast area from Iran to Gangetic Plains. It also covers Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey, Mesopotamia (Iraq, Middle Eastern Countries) and China.

9.The word ‘Anasa’ (snub nosed or no nose people) are described in the Rig Veda. They belong to Mongoloid race of China, Tibet, Mongolia etc. Foreigners deliberately invented Aryan- Dravidian division and dubbed ‘Anasa’ as Dravidians and distorted Hindu history. Likewise Dasa/slave is found in Greece as well.

 

Following is from P L Bhargava Book:–

 

“Younger brothers of kings became seers ( Rishis)  and they founded Brahmin families.

In Tamil literature we see Ilango, younger brother of mighty Chera king Cheran Senguttuvan, became an ascetic and composed Tamil epic Silppadikaram.

Among early kings, Manu, Saryaata, Puruuruvas, Nahusha, Yayaati and Puuru were hymn makers. Among Aikshvaakus, Maandhaatri, Trasadasyu, Vasumanas, Tryaruna and Sindhudvipa were composers of hymns.

Among Pauravas, Suhotra, Ajamiidha, Pratardana, Mudgala, Kusika, Gaathin, and Sudaas were authors of hymns. Among AanavasSivi and among Yaadavas Viitahavya were makers of hymns.

 
Among Vaisyas or commoners, there were three well known hymn makers, viz.,Manu Savarni, Naabhaanedishtha, and Vatsapri. They all became Aatreya Brahmins.
Among ladies to whom hymns of the Rig Veda are ascribed the most celebrated were Urvasii, Lopaamudraa, Visvavaaraa, Apaalaa and Ghoshaa. Urvasi was wife of king Puruuruvas and Lopaamudraa was wife of Agastya (This shows Rig Veda knew Vidarbha area. Lopamudra was the princess of Vidarbha; Agastya came to South Tamil Nadu) . They are perhaps the heroines rather than the authors of the hymns ascribed to them. The other three, however, appear to have actually composed the hymns attributed to them. Visvavaaraa and Apaalaa were of the Atreya family. Ghoshaa was the daughter of king Kakshiivant and expressly calls herself a ‘kings daughter ‘.

Source India in the Vedic Age PL Bhargava, Jaipur, 1956

xxx

 

160 Kings in Rig Veda!

posted on 23 Nov.2014

 

Bharata Dynasty in the Rig-Veda:–

1.Bharata
2.Devavaata
3.Srnjaya
4.Vadhryasva
5.Divodaasa
6.Pratardana
7.Pijavana
8.Devasravas
9.Sudaas
10.Sahadeva
11.Somaka

Trksi Dynasty

1.Mandhata
2.Purukutsa
3.Trasadasyu
4.Trasadasyu Purukutsa
5.Trasadasyava

A
ABHYAVARTIN, AJAS, ALINAS, AMBARISHA, ANAVA, ANHASA, ANU, API, AVLAN, AYU
B
BALBHUTHA, BHAGERATHA, BHALANAS, BHAYAMANA, BHEDA, BOJA
C
CHAIDYA, CHAYAMANA, CHEDI, CHITRARATHA
D
DARBHYA, DASHADYU, DASARAJA, DASONI, DEVAVAN, DEVAVRATA, DHVANYA,DHVASARI, DIRGANITHA, DROPKRISHNA, DRUH, DRUHYU, DUHASU,DUHSIMA, DURGAHA, DYOTANA
E
EMUSHA
G
GAIRIKSHITA
H
HARAYANA, HARISCHANDRA
I
IKSHVAKU, ISHTAHWA

 

K
KAKUHA, KASU, KARURAYAN, KIKATA,KSHABAVAN, KSHATRASRI, KUNDAPAVYU, KURUNGA
L
LAKSHMANA
M
MANYAMANA, MAYAVA, MITRATHITHI, MITRAYU INDROTA
N
NAHUS, NAHUSHA, NAM, NARMARA, NINDITASVA, NITOSHA
P
PAIJAVANA, PAKASTHAMAN, PAKTHA, PARAMJAYA, PARSU, PASADHYUMNA
PERUK, PITHINAS, PLAYOGA, PORUKUTSA, PRADAKUSANU, PRAMAGANDA
PRAJAPATHI, PRASTOKA, PRATARDHANA, PRATARDAS, PRATHAVANA
PRATHUSRAVAS, PRISHADVANA, PURAJA, PURAYA, PURODAS, PURU
PURUKUTSA, PURUPANTHA

R
RAMA, RATHAHAVYA, RATAVITI, RATHAPROSTHAS, RIJIASVA
RIKSA, RUMA, RUNACHAYA

S
SAHADEVA, SAHAVASU, SANDA, SANTANU, SAPYANAMI, SATRI, SAVISTHA
SIGRUS, SINJARA, SIVAS, SMADIBHA, SOBHARI, SOUDASA, SRINGAVRISHA
SRINJAYA, SRUTARATHA, SRUTARVA, SUDASA, SUNITHA, SURADEVA,
SURADHAS, SUSAMAN, SUSHRAVAS, SVANA DRATHA, SVARNARA,SVASNA
SVAITREYA, SYAVAKA, SYAVATANA

 

T
TARANTA, TARUKSHA, TIRINDRA, TRAITANA, TRIKSHI, TRISKY, TUGRA, TUJI, TURVAYANA
TUTUJI
U
UKSANYAYANA, UPAMASRAVASA, USINARANI
V
VAIDADASVI, VAIKARANA, VAITARANA, VAMRAKA, VARASIKA, VAYATA
VAYYA, VESA, VETASU,VIBINDHU, VIDATHIN, VIRKA, VISANINS,VISVAMITRA
VRICHIVAN, VRISHAKAPI

Y
YADU, YAKSUS, YAYATI
YUDHYAMADHI

  1. Vedic Kings | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/vedic-kings

Posts about Vedic Kings written by Tamil and Vedas. … Egyptian King and Rig Vedic King. … //tamilandvedas.com/2014/11/23/160-kings-in-rig-veda/

  1. Rig Vedic King and Sumerian King 2600 BCE! | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2014/11/14/rig-vedic-king-and…

Rig Vedic King and Sumerian King … So there is confusion about who did what.Indra in the RigVeda is a god as well as a title … //tamilandvedas.com/2014/11/14 …

Sumukan | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/sumukan

Posts about Sumukan written by Tamil and Vedas. about; Fatness Anecdotes (Post No.3526) … (for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)

 

 

CAMEL MYSTERY IN SANSKRIT AND TAMIL … – tamilandvedas.com

tamilandvedas.com/2018/08/05/camel-mystery-in…

RESEARCH ARTICLE Written by London swaminathan Date: 5 August 2018 Time uploaded in London – 15-47 (British Summer Time) Post No. 5291 Pictures shown here are …

 

-subham-

Dravidian Theories- Tamil and Sanskrit came from same source! (Post No.5284)

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 3 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 8-16 AM   (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5284

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

The present book is a store house of information on everything Dravidian, and bears evidence on every page of it, to the immense learning of the author, his indefatigable research, his genius for analysis, and his familiarity with the grammars of almost all the languages of South India.

It is a pioneering contribution to a field of study in which there have been too few workers. Swaminatha Aiyar, a painstaking scholar, author of the book, has laboured long over it with single minded devotion in the cause of linguistic science. No doubt his labours will help in promoting national integration, by showing how , over two or three millennia ago, people living in different parts of India lived in linguistic amity taking freely from neighbouring languages and there by enriching their own .

Running in twelve chapters of immense importance this pioneering research material suffixed with appendices, bibliography and footnotes, shall be of great help to those who are interested in linguistics in general and Dravidian theories in particular. This is a must for every library and institution.

Author’s Profile

  1. Swaminatha Aiyar was one of the galaxy of brilliant men who are born and bred in Thanjavur district in the nineteenth century. He was a contemporary of P S Sivaswami Aiyar and continued as his close associate and friend, with mutual respect and admiration.

    Like so many great men of those days, R Swaminatha Aiyar also commenced his life as a school teacher in the district, serving as such from 1880 to 1884.

    1885- He was appointed Assistant Professor of Mathematics in Presidency College, Madras
    1889- Head clerk, Revenue Department
    1893- Senior Assistant in Board of Revenue
    1895- Registrar of the Revenue Department
    1896- Professor of Mathematics Presidency College , Madras
    1897- Famine Assistant in Revenue Department , Tamil Translator to Government.

1910- Treasury Deputy Collector, Administrative Deputy Collector

He was a linguist, administrator, mathematician, grammarian, educator, scholar, orientalist, and polymath, a versatile genius. In short, he, by birth, early training and bent of mind, and the opportunities provided by his occupation, became eminently fitted for the work he dedicated himself to later on in life.

 

-TAKEN FROM THE JACKET OF THE BOOK.

Mr P N Appuswami in his foreword to the book said in 1975:
The knowledge he had cultivated of Vedic Sanskrit and of classical Sanskrit, from his boyhood, at a time when such knowledge was more prevalent and valu d , was of great help in preparing his mind for linguistic study . So too his knowledge of the classic Tamil of the Sangam and later periods helped him in his study of the dialects of the Tamil country.

One must be familiar with Vedic and classical Sanskrit and proficient in South Indian languages to understand his theories. But even a cursory reading without deep knowledge in many of these languages, we can understand his line of thinking.

Lot of so called researchers and scholars take one matter from here and one matter from there and try to connect them. They don’t realise that the information belongs to various periods or various levels of development. They connect Vedic Sanskrit and classical Tamil which is widely different in ages. There is at least a 2000 year gap.

Swaminatha Aiyar has beautifully shown the intermediate Prakrit link between Sanskrit and Tamil. He has used the table prepared by Dr Caldwell and showed the possible Prakrit link.

If one followed his line of thinking one could find the common foundation of Tamil and Sanskrit. One can understand why Shiva sent his disciple Agastya from the Northern Himalayas to the Southern Pothiya Hillls to codify a grammar for Tamil. Tradition says that both these languages came from the kettle drum sound of Lord Shiva. Paranjothi Munivar confirms it in his Tiru Vilaiyatal Purana.

Following is the table given by Swaminatha Aiyar to show the link between Tamil and Sanskrit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

My previous articles on the same subject:

  1. Who are Dravidians? | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2013/07/17/who-are-dravidians

Who are Dravidians? By London Swaminathan … https://tamilandvedas.com/2013/07/17/who-are-dravidians/ Previous Post திராவிடர்கள் யார்?

.

  1. ‘Dravidians are Invaders’ – Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/…

‘Dravidians are Invaders’ Who are Dravidians ? Part- 2 Post No. 761 dated 26/12/13 ; compiled by London swaminathan Please read part 1 before reading this part …

 

  1. Dravidian | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/category/dravidian

Foreigners used this “Dravidian” Brahui to show the Dravidians entered India through the north … (for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology …

  1. Very Important Date – Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/very…

5.Who are Dravidians? (Posted July 17, 2013) and 700 more articles. Contact swami_48@yahoo.com . Title: Microsoft Word – Very Important Date Author: Swaminathan

  1. Munda Tribe follows Brahmin customs! Mystery of Indian Hill …

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2016/06/munda-tribe…

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com) … Foreigners classified them as Dravidians but there is no Dravidian or Aryan element in them.

  1. Indus Valley Case – Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/indus…

Indus Valley Case: Lord Indra Acquited Post No 764 dated 28th December 2013. … Dravidians and Aryans came to India from outside. But Hindu literature says

 

 

Brahui | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/brahui

Posted by Tamil and Vedas on September 12, 2017. https://tamilandvedas.com/2017/09/12/brahui-theory-incorrect-post-no-4205/

  1. Tamil and Sanskrit | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/tamil-and-sanskrit

Tagged Agastya statues, Panini, Tamil and Sanskrit, Tamil Grammar. Posted by Tamil and Vedas on July 26, 2016. … Tamil and Sanskrit came from the same source.

  1. Origin of Tamil and Sanskrit | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2014/11/origin-of…

Tamil and Sanskrit came from the same source. One who knows these two languages can learn any language in the world without much difficulty.

  1. Origin of Tamil and Sanskrit | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/…/origin-of-tamil-and-sanskrit

Origin of Tamil and Sanskrit. Research paper written by London Swaminathan Research article No.1409; … Tamil and Sanskrit came from the same source.

 

–SUBHAM—

Is Hinduism a Museum of Beliefs, Medley of Rites, Name Without any Content? (Post No.5266)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 28 JULY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 14-47  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5266

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

AUGUST 2018 ‘GOOD THOUGHTS’ CALENDAR

FESTIVAL DAYS- AUGUST 3- Adi Pathinettu (Tamil Festival), 5-Adi Krithikai, 11- Adi Amavasai, 13- Adi Puram,  15- Independence Day, Naga Panchami, 21- Avani Mulam, 24-Varalakshmi Vrata, 25- ONAM and Rig Veda Upakarma, 26-Raksha Bandan and Yajur Veda Upakarma, 27- Gayatri Japa,

 

 

FULL MOON DAY- 26

NEW MOON DAY- 10 Bodhayana amavasai, 11 Adi Amavasai

August 11 Solar Eclipse/ Surya Grahana not for India

EKADASI FASTING DAYS- 7, 22

AUSPICIOUS DAYS- 23, 29, 30

Is Hinduism a Museum of Beliefs, a Medley of Rites, a Name Without any Content? (Post No.5266)

 

I have given below 31+ quotations from ‘Radhakrishnan Reader – An Anthology’. Dr S Radhakrishnan was the
President of India . He was a great philosopher.

AUGUST 1 WEDNESDAY

It is a bewildering phenomenon that, just when India is ceasing to appear grotesque to Western eyes, she is beginning to appear so to the eyes of some of her own sons. The West tried its best to persuade India that its philosophy is absurd, its art puerile, its poetry uninspired, its religion grotesque and its barbarous. Now the West is feeling that it’s judgement is not quite correct, some of us are insisting that it was wholly right.

AUGUST 2 THURSDAY

The past course of Indian philosophic development encourages us in our hope. The great thinkers, Yajnavalkya and Gargi, Buddha and Mahavira, Gautama and Kapila, Samkara and Ramanuja , Madhva and Vallabha and scores of others are India’s grandest title to existence, a clear testimony of her dignity as a nation with a soul , the proof that she may yet rise above her self and the pledge of this supreme possibility.

AUGUST 3 FRIDAY

God’s Creation not an instantaneous act or a series of acts, but is an eternal process. There is no divorce between the natural and the supernatural. The two are continuous. If god is anywhere, he is everywhere.

AUGUST 4 SATURDAY

The Mahabharata says, ‘To you I declare this holy mystery, there is nothing nobler than humanly’– 12-300-20

Guhyam brahma tad idam vo bravimi
Na manuscat srestataram hi kincit

AUGUST 5 SUNDAY
The inadequacy of-religion-is evident from the disparity between outward allegiance and inward betrayal. Religion is confused with the mechanical participation in the rites or passive acquisition in the dogmas.

 

AUGUST 6 MONDAY

INDIA’S CAPACITY
Hinduism is not limited in scope to the geographical area which is described as India Its sway in early days spread to Campa, Cambodia, Java and Bali. There is nothing which prevents it from extending to the uttermost parts of the earth. India is a tradition, a spirit, a light. Her physical and spiritual frontier s do not coincide.

AUGUST 7 TUESDAY

For thinking minds to blossom, for arts and sciences to flourish, the first condition necessary is a settled society providing security and leisure. A rich culture is impossible with a community of nomads, where people struggle for life and die of privation.

 

AUGUST 8 WEDNESDAY
The huge forests (in India)  with their wide leafy avenues afforded great opportunities for the devout soul to wander peacefully through them, dream strange dreams and burst forth into joyous songs.

AUGUST 9 THURSDAY

Intellectual unselfishness or humility is the mother of all writing, even though that writing may relate to the history of philosophy.

AUGUST 10 FRIDAY

On God
God is not the great silent sea of infinity in which individuals lose themselves but the Divine person who inspires the process first , last and without ceasing.

 

AUGUST 11 SATURDAY

To say God created the world is an understatement. He is creating now and for all the time.

AUGUST 12 SUNDAY

I have had my own share of anxiety trouble and sorrow, but I have had blessings, too, more than I deserve, the chief being the affection and kindness which I receive
In abundance from other people. For all these a thanks offering is due.

AUGUST 13 MONDAY
Life is not a mere chain of physical causes and effects. Chance seems to form the surface of reality, but deep down other forces are at work. If the universe is a living one, if it is spiritually alive, nothing in itis merely accidental. “ The moving finger writes and having writ moves on.”

AUGUST 14 TUESDAY

Indian wisdom has also contributed effectively to the cultural developments of the regions of South East Asia. The characteristic features of Indian culture can still be discerned from ‘Ayuthia and Angkor to Borobudur and Bali’.

AUGUST 15 WEDNESDAY

Ancient Indians do not belong to a different species from ourselves. An actual study of their views shows that they ask questions and find answers analogous in their diversity to some of the more important currents in modern thought. The systems of Nagarjuna and Samkara, for example, are marvels of precision and penetration. Comparable to the very best of Western thought.

 

AUGUST 16 THURSDAY
The scientific mastery of natural force s has intoxicated the modern mind with a sense of material success and intellectual conceit.

AUGUST 17 FRIDAY

Though peoples of different races and cultures have been pouring into India from the dawn of history, Hinduism has been able to maintain its supremacy, and even the proselytising creeds backed by the political power has not been able to coerce the large majority of Indians to their views.

AUGUST 18 SATURDAY

There is an Indian saying that words are the daughters of earth but deeds are the sons of heaven. Words are born of intellect, deeds of spirit. It is faith that can move mountains. Faith is an attitude of will, the energy of soul, the response of the entire self.

AUGUST 19 SUNDAY

Pascal is right when he says “most of the mischief in the world would never happen, If men would only be content to sit still in their parlours “. Even worship is a means to gain solitude. But sitting still, being alone has become very difficult in these days. We devise ways to escape from solitude, such as play and drink, luxury and dissipation.

 

 

AUGUST 20 MONDAY

God is the living friend of all—suhridam sarvabhutaanaam— as the Bhagavad Gita has it.

 

AUGUST 21 TUESDAY

If we are spiritually alive, our capacity for love and service will be ever growing. We will be indulgent to others and hard on ourselves. The characteristic sign of a spiritual temper is to be inwardly hard and austere and outwardly genial and forgiving.

 

AUGUST 22 WEDNESDAY

A great Sanskrit poet Bhavabuti, maintains that though the artist speaks of different moods of laughter, pity, compassion, anger, love etc., they are all variations of a common theme, Karuna, compassion, love with suffering.

AUGUST 23 THURSDAY
If we should wish to build a society in which judges and evil doers are transformed into higher beings, into brothers forgiving one another, and thus free themselves from falsehood, guilt and crime, we must practise love.

AUGUST 24 FRIDAY

Difficulty of defining what Hinduism is……….
‘To many it seems to be a name without any content. Is it a museum of beliefs, a medley of rites, or a mere map, a geographical expression? If there is not a unity of spirit binding its different expressions and linking up the different periods of its history into one organic whole, it will not be possible to account for the achievements of Hinduism’.

AUGUST 25 SATURDAY
Half the world moves on independent foundations which Hinduism supplied. China and Japan, Tibet-and Siam, Burma and Ceylon look to India as their spiritual home.

 

AUGUST 26 SUNDAY

The Hindu attitude to religion is interesting. While fixed individual’s beliefs mark off one religion from another, Hinduism sets no such limits. Intellect is subordinated to intuition, dogma to experience, outer expression to inward realisation.

AUGUST 27 MONDAY
The chief sacred scriptures of the Hindus, the Vedas, register the intuitions of the perfected souls. They are not so dogmatic dicta as transcripts from life. They record the spiritual experiences of souls strongly endowed with the sense for reality. They are held to be authoritative on the ground that they express the experiences of the experts in the field of religion.

AUGUST 28 TUESDAY

The Vedic tradition became surrounded with sanctity, and so helped to transmit culture and ensure the continuity of civilisation. The sacred scriptures make the life of the spirit real even to those who are incapable of insight.

 

AUGUST 29 WEDNESDAY

While other civilisation s have perished or absorbed in the changes that have transpired in the march of over five thousand years, the Indian civilisation, which is contemporary with those of Egypt and Babylon, is still functioning.

AUGUST 30 THURSDAY
How has she managed to remain more or less the same in the midst of social migration s upheavals and political changes that have else where changed the face of society? Why is that her conquerors have not been able to impose on her their language, their thoughts and customs, except in superficial ways? It is not by the use of force or by the development of aggressive qualities that India has succeeded in her missions.

AUGUST 31 FRIDAY

Hinduism is an inheritance of thought and inspiration living and moving with the movement of life itself, an inheritance to which every race in  India  has made its distinct and specific contribution. Its culture has a certain unity, though on examination it dissolves into a variety of shades and colours.

 

SUBHAM

MORE QUOTES FROM THE SAME BOOK

SAINT TUKARAM

We seem to give value to god, more than god to us. Saint Tukaram says “That we fall into sin is thy good fortune; we have bestowed name and form on thee; had it not been we, who would have asked after thee, when thou was lonely and unembodied?
ON FEAR
Religion is the conquest of fear, the anti dote to failure and death. The fear which is an expression of mans rationally cannot be removed by any change in his circumstances. It is an instinctive fear which can be displaced by the stimulation of other instincts.

STRANGE ALCHEMY

By what strange social alchemy has INDIA subdued her conquerors them to her very self and substance?, transforming.

MISSIONARY RELIGIONS

All missionary religions, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam believe in their own superiority . They all profess that they have the highest truth. How is anyone claim to be preferred to others?

–THE END–

 

 

 

 

FORTUNE, FATE, FEAR, FATALITY- VALLUVAR AND KALHANA AGREE! (Post No.5263)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 27 JULY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 13-41  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5263

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

COMPARISION BETWEEN KASHMIR POET KALHANA AND TAMIL POET TIRUVALLUVAR

 

Fortune
Fortune which merchants obtain by misappropriation of deposits, which courtesans get by deceiving their lovers, or princes through treason, is after all impermanent– Raja Tarangini of Kalhana 4-181

 

All profits, that makes others weep, depart with tears. Even if lost, blessings flow from good deeds-– Tiruk Kural 659 of Tiruvalluvar

 

Fortune moving about unsteadily, like the lightning playing in the sky, always follows the cloud of destiny. With whom does it abide permanently? Rajatarangini of Kalhana 8-1896

An adverse destiny blunts a man’s intelligence  and makes him lose his wealth, whereas when he gets good luck it quickens his intelligence and promotes prosperity- Tirukkural of Tiruvalluvar 372

When extraordinary good fortune of overwhelming glory comes to a man, retreating misfortune increases the power of its sorrows – Rajatarangini 7-795

Through the influence of fate all good means of acquiring wealth may prove disastrous, and all foul means prove helpful- Tirukkural couplet 375

Fate grants fortune to that person whom those who think themselves wise, persist in considering as unfit –Rajatarangini 8-491

 

Fortune like a prostitute daubed with a magic powder conquers even the strong minded, making them unlawful- 8-189

It is one thing to be wealthy, but to attain wisdom is quite another. This is the two fold nature of this world- Tirukkural 374

 

xxxx

 

Destiny
Destiny can be opposite if and when jackals victoriously control a lion- Rajatarangini 8-1470

Except as ordained by the Lord, who measures out each man’s meet,

Even the millionaire cannot enjoy his hoards- Tirukkural 377
The mighty are cheated by the infirm and those who hold all might in their control, are deluded by the power less- Rajatarangini –Rajatarangini 7-959

 

The constructive industry that produces wealth, and the destructive indolence

That brings about adversity in life, are both the outcome of fate- Tirukkural 371

xxx

Death
A man will not be slain even by a stroke of lightning before his time but one who has reached his allotted span might die even from a flower –Rajatarangini of Kalhana 8-531

 

The characteristic feature of the world is the transitoriness of the life. The disappearance today of one who existed yesterday is a common occurrence – Tiruk Kural 336 of Tiruvalluvar

 

What is there more potent than fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- Tirukkural 380

xxxx

 

Devotion to king
Devotion to one’s sovereign does not change in honest men till they die –RAJATARANGINI OF KALAHANA 7-1322

 

Men of clear vision do nothing base and displeasing or take undue advantage of the leader’s (king’s) favour- Tirukkural 699

One should behave towards the leader/king as befitting his splendour, never making light of him on the score of youth or kinship- Tirukkural 698

The minister whose mind plots treason against the ruler is worse than millions of open enemies- Tirukkural 639

xxx

Diamond; Great people help
The diamond is not cut by any other precious stone but on the contrary it cuts them. Rajatarangini 4-51

The great for a few favours give much of their own. Rajatarangini 3-276

Valour, honour, a great tradition and loyalty- these are the four defences of an army- Tirukkural 766

xxx

Earth/ Heroism
The earth has been preordained for enjoyment of the valiant. 7 Rajatarangini -1288

Courage
The heroic think an object attainable by courage, the timid by caution; otherwise between them there could be little difference. Rajatarangini 6-363

 

Brave traditional heroes do not quail before a crisis; they hold the field; risking life – Tirukkural 762

That alone is an army which has the courage even to meet death advancing in anger and to confront him in a body- Tirukkural 765

 

xxx

FEAR

If the banks of rivers will only smell of a lion, to elephants they will seem as though they are on fire –Rajatarangini 8-3013

It is folly not to fear what should be feared; to fear that which should be feared is the way of the wise- Tirukkural 428

The mean follow the law for fear, and sometimes, when there is hope of profit- Tirukkural 1075

xxx

Followers
The lightning of prosperity, the crane of celebrity, the thunder of boldness, and the rainbow of prowess, follow the cloud of prudence. Rajatarangini 7-1455

 

The world clings to the feet of the great leader who  wields his sceptre with love for his subjects- Tirukkural 544

 

Whatsoever a great man does, the same is done by others as well; whatever standard he sets, the world follows- Bhagavad Gita 3-21

To esteem men who are greater than oneself and follow in their footsteps is the highest of all powers- Tirukkural 444

–subham–

 

 

 

Linguists’ bluffing blasted by Tamil Language (Post No.5252)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 24 JULY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 7-19 am  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5252

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

Following is the question and answer from The Guardian Newspaper of London and my comments are added at the end

 

How do YOU know the correct way to pronounce a dead language?

“Old languages don’t die. They just fade into new languages (at least most of them do). While the entire sound system of ancient language rarely survives intact, fragments can usually be found scattered around its various daughter languages.

 

For example, many traits of Latin pronunciation are directly observable in Italian French Spanish and Romanian. The job of linguistic historian is to try to piece these various bits together. The most tried and tested technique is comparative reconstruction, which focuses on the systematic sound correspondences that emerge when we compare the same words in different sister languages. Where this exercise turns up different sounds, it is usually possible to trace them back to a common historical source.

For example, many English words beginning with ‘t’ correspond to words beginning with ‘ ts’ ( Spelt z) , in sister language German; compare English ten, to, time with German Zein, zu, zeitgeist.

 

On the basis of this and many similar correspondences, we can reconstruct a Common Germanic parent language in which the older sound in this particular instance is the knowledge that each type of sound change takes place in one direction only. On the strength of what happens in many other languages, we know that ‘t’ at the beginning of a word can turn into ‘ts’ but not vice versa. The more  widely we cast our comparative net, the further we can reach back into the mists of time. The ‘t’ of early Germanic itself derives from an even older ‘d’ — contrast English two and tooth with, say, Italian ‘due’ and ‘dente’. Ultimately we arrive at the sound system of an ancient Indo-European tongue, the common ancestor of languages as apparently diverse as English, French, Russian, Irish, Greek and Urdu.”

John Harris, Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University college, London

 

FROM NOTES AND QUERRIS, GURDIAN NEWSPAPER, VOLUME 5, 1994

 

MY COMMENTS

Compare changes in Tamil

IN TAMIL also we see ‘S’ of Sanskrit change into ‘T’ in Tamil

I will give some examples though there are hundreds of such words

Purushan– Purutan
Visesham– Visetam
Sishya — Seetan
Joshyam — Jothitam
VishaM —  Vitam
Koshtam — Kottam
Pushpam — Putpam

In my earlier research articles, I have  Exploded all the OLD theories about similarities or changes in Indo- European languages. In fact, those changes or similarities are found even in Pacific Ocean and Mayan languages. In short, all the bluffing of ‘D’ of Aryans changing into ‘L’ after contacting Dravidians, are wrong. Once they study the similarities between Tamil and Sanskrit or other languages they will know all those are nothing but SHEER bluffing.

 

 

Tamil and Sanskrit: Rewrite Linguistics Theory

tamilandvedas.com/2014/12/20/tamil-and-sanskrit…

Tamil and Sanskrit: Rewrite Linguistics Theory … But this D/L or R/L changes are natural. They are in Tamil … in Tamil itself. In Sanskrit language Sandhi .

Ja and Ya in Indian languages | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/ja-and-ya-in-indian-languages

Posts about Ja and Ya in Indian languages written by Tamil and … with other languages will rewrite linguistic … this change lies in Tamil and Sanskrit …

 

 

Origin of Tamil and Sanskrit | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/…/origin-of-tamil-and-sanskrit

They believed that Siva’s drum Damaruka gave Sanskrit from one side and Tamil from another side. … //tamilandvedas.com/2014/11/13/origin-of-tamil-and-sanskrit/

 

  1. Vowels = Life, Consonants = Body; Hindu concept of Alphabet …

tamilandvedas.com/2015/06/27/vowels-life…

Research paper No 1958 Written by London swaminathan Date: 27 June 2015 Uploaded in London at 20-15 I have been arguing in my earlier posts that the Western …

 

Sanskrit Alphabet | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/sanskrit-alphabet

Posts about Sanskrit Alphabet written by Tamil and Vedas

 

  1. Tamil or Sanskrit: Which is Older? | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2014/07/16/tamil-or-sanskrit…

Tamil or Sanskrit: Which is Older? … my pet theory is Tamil and Sanskrit originated from a common source on the … comparative reconstruction pays no attention to …

  1. Tamil and Sanskrit | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/tamil-and-sanskrit

Posts about Tamil and Sanskrit written by Tamil and Vedas. … (for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR … Tamil and Sanskrit, Tamil Grammar. Posted by Tamil …

 

–SUBHAM–