No Make-up, No Drama, No Song—Chanakya Strict with Students! (Post No.4768)

Date: 20 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 16-59

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4768

 

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CHANAKYA ON STUDENT-TEACHER RELATIONSHIP

Very few poets or law makers talk about the relationship between students and teachers. But we have lot about it in Manu Smrti and Upanishads.

 

Here are some verses from the Chanakya Niti translated by Satya Vrat Shasri (formerly Professor in Delhi University and JNU, Delhi)

A student should shun the following eight: Passion, Anger, Greed, Relish, Make-up, song and drama shows, too much sleep and flattery.

Chankya Niti, Chapter 11, verse 10

kaamam krodham tathaa svaadam srungarakautuke

atinidraatiseve ca vidhyaarthii hyaashta varjayet

 

xxx

Don’t Teach Dull Students

Even a wise man comes to grief by teaching dull students, by looking after bad women and by keeping company with the miserable.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 1, verse 4

 

muurkhasishyopadesena dushtastriibaranena ca

dukkitaihi samprayogena panditoapyavasiidati

xxx

 

Bookish Knowledge!

Those who have read books but have not studied with teachers, create no impression in an assembly like women carrying through illicit contact.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 17, verse 1

 

pustakesu ca yaaadhiitam naadhiitam gurusannidhau

sabhaamadhye na sobhante jaaragarbhaa iva striiyaha

 

xxx

 

Even a single syllable that a teacher teaches a pupil, there is no object in the world by offering which he can repay the debt.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 15, verse 2

ekamevaaksharam yastu guruhu sishyam prabodayet

pruthivyaa naasti tada dravyam datvaa caanrunii bhavet

xxx

Manu on Students attending Veda Class

2-117. (A student) shall first reverentially salute that (teacher) from whom he receives (knowledge), referring to worldly affairs, to the Veda, or to the Brahman.

2-119. One must not sit down on a couch or seat which a superior occupies; and he who occupies a couch or seat shall rise to meet a (superior), and (afterwards) salute him.

2-120. For the vital airs of a young man mount upwards to leave his body when an elder approaches; but by rising to meet him and saluting he recovers them.

2-121. He who habitually salutes and constantly pays reverence to the aged obtains an increase of four (things), (viz.) length of life, knowledge, fame, (and) strength.

2-122. After the (word of) salutation, a Brahmana who greets an elder must pronounce his name, saying, ‘I am N. N.’

 

This is from second chapter of Manu Smrti.

xxxx

Following Mantra is from the Taittiriya Upanishad, recited just before the class begins:-

 सह नाववतु 
सह नौ भुनक्तु 
सह वीर्यं करवावहै 
तेजस्वि नावधीतमस्तु मा विद्विषावहै 
 शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः 


Om Saha Naav[au]-Avatu |
Saha Nau Bhunaktu |
Saha Viiryam Karavaavahai |
Tejasvi Naav[au]-Adhiitam-Astu Maa Vidvissaavahai |
Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ||

Meaning:
1: Om, May God Protect us Both (the Teacher and the Student) (during the journey of awakening our Knowledge),
2: May God Nourish us Both (with that spring of Knowledge which nourishes life when awakened),
3: May we Work Together with Energy and Vigour (cleansing ourselves with that flow of energy for the Knowledge to manifest),
4: May our Study be Enlightening (taking us towards the true Essence underlying everything), and not giving rise to Hostility (by constricting the understanding of the Essence in a particular manifestation only),
5: Om, Peace, Peace, Peace

 

This shows the highest stage Hindus reached around 1000 BCE. No other culture even thought about such a thing at that time.

 

xxxx SUBHAM xxx

 

‘I AM YOUR TREASURE, PRESERVE ME’- VEDAS SAID TO BRAHMINS (Post No.4764)

Date: 19 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 16-58

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4764

 

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The second chapter of Manu Smrti, also known as Manava Dharma Shastra, contains very interesting details on various topics; I am summarising it with my comments below:

 

What did Vedas say to the Brahmins?

2.114. Sacred Learning approached a Brahmana and said to him: ‘I am thy treasure, preserve me, deliver me not to a scorner; so (preserved) I shall become supremely strong.’

2.115. ‘But deliver me, as to the keeper of thy treasure, to a Brahmana whom thou shalt know to be pure, of subdued senses, chaste and attentive.’

2.116. But he who acquires without permission the Veda from one who recites it, incurs the guilt of stealing the Veda, and shall sink into hell.

2.113. Even in times of dire distress a teacher of the Veda should rather die with his knowledge than sow it in barren soil.

 

My comments:

The greatness of Vedas is explained here. It is a treasure to be preserved by the Brahmins; but if there is no worthy hand to receive it, beter die than to give to irreverent people.

It is also interesting that the Brahmins first refused to teach the Mlechas (foreigners like Max Muller, Wilson etc). When a few greedy Brahmins violated their code of conduct, the Mlechas got it and interpreted it to according to their whims and fancies. Like no two clocks agree, no two Mlechas/ barbarians agree!

 

Don’t Talk, Don’t Argue, Act like an Idiot!

There is very interesting advice to the students of Vedas:

2.110. Unless one be asked, one must not explain anything to anybody, nor must one answer a person who asks improperly; let a wise man, though he knows the answer, behave among men as (if he were) an idiot.

2.111. Of the two persons, him who illegally explains anything, and him who illegally asks a question, one or both will die or incur the other’s enmity.

 

Ten Types of People are fit to Learn Vedas

2.109. According to the sacred law the following ten persons, viz. the teacher’s son, one who desires to do service, one who imparts knowledge, one who is intent on fulfilling the law, one who is pure, a person connected by marriage or friendship, one who possesses (mental) ability, one who makes presents of money, one who is honest, and a relative, may be instructed in the Veda.

 

2.106. There are no forbidden days for the daily recitation, since that is declared to be a Brahmasattra (an everlasting sacrifice offered to Brahman); at that the Veda takes the place of the burnt oblations, and it is meritorious even, when natural phenomena, requiring a cessation of the Veda-study, take the place of the exclamation Vashat.

 

Three Beautiful Similes

2.99. But when one among all the organs slips away from control, thereby man’s wisdom slips away from him, even as the water flows through the one open foot of a  leather water-carrier’s skin.

2.94. Desire is never extinguished by the enjoyment of desired objects; it only grows stronger like a fire fed with clarified butter.

2.113. Even in times of dire distress a teacher of the Veda should rather die with his knowledge than sow it in barren soil.

Om and Gayatri

2.74. Let him always pronounce the syllable ‘Om’ at the beginning and at the end of a lesson in the Veda; for unless the syllable Om precede the lesson will slip away from him, and unless it follow it will fade away.

2.78. A Brahmana, learned in the Veda, who recites during both twilights that syllable and that verse, preceded by the Vyahritis, gains the whole merit which the recitation of the Vedas confers.

2.79. A twice-born man who daily repeats those three one thousand times outside the village, will be freed after a month even from great guilt, as a snake from its slough.

2.80. The Brahmana, the Kshatriya, and the Vaisya who neglect (the recitation of) that Rik-verse and the timely performance of the rites prescribed for them, will be blamed among virtuous men.

2.81. Know that the three imperishable Mahavyahritis, preceded by the syllable Om, and followed by the three-footed Savitri are the portal of the Veda and the gate leading (to union with) Brahman.

2.82. He who daily recites that (verse), untired, during three years, will enter (after death) the highest Brahman, move as free as air, and assume an ethereal form.

2.83. The monosyllable (Om) is the highest Brahman, three suppressions of the breath are the best (form of) austerity, but nothing surpasses the Savitri truthfulness is better than silence.

2.84. All rites ordained in the Veda, burnt oblations and othe) sacrifices, pass away; but know that the syllable (Om) is imperishable, and it is Brahman, and the Lord of creatures (Prajapati).

2.85. An offering, consisting of muttered prayers, is ten times more efficacious than a sacrifice performed according to the rules of the Veda; a prayer which is inaudible (to others) surpasses it a hundred times, and the mental recitation of sacred texts a thousand times.

 

–Subham–

 

TREAT YOUR SON LIKE A FRIEND! CHANAKYA’S ADVICE (Post No.4755)

Date: 17 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 19-06

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4755

 

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Chanakya was a great genius who lived 2300 years ago. He wrote in Sanskrit  several didactic works and the Arthasastra, book on economics. Tiruvalluvar was a genius who wrote Tirukkural with 1330 couplets touching various topics from God to family life. Though the Tamil Nadu government is sticking to a date of first century BCE for Tiruvalluvar, linguistically he can be placed only in the fourth century or fifth century CE. In all the 133 chapters, he used Sanskrit words.

 

Chanakya says,

 

Up to five years one should fondle a child;

for the next ten years one should exercise control over him;

As soon as he enters the sixteenth year, father should start treating him like a friend.

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka/verse 18

laalayet panca varshaani dasa varshaani taadayet

prapte tu shodase putrammitravadaacaret

 

xxx

 

WHO IS A GOOD SON? CHANAKYA AND VALLUVAR ANSWER

 

Good Son is like Moon!

 

Even with a single educated noble son the whole family gets elated (brightened) as does get the night with the moon.

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka/verse 16

ekenaapi suputrena vidhyaayuktena saadhunaa

aahalaaditam kulam sarvam yathaa chandrena sarvarii

 

Tiruvalluvar says,

The wisdom on’s sons will be a blessing to the world at large rather than to the parents—Kural/verse 68

A mother’s joy at hearing of her son acclaimed as full of virtue and refinement is greater than her joy at the time of his birth – Kural 69

 

xxx

Bad son is like a Forest Fire!

 

Just as with one dry tree being burnt by fire the whole forest gets burnt, in the same way a family with a bad son.

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka/verse 15

ekena ssuhka vrukshena dahyamaanena vahninaa

dahyate tadvanam sarvam kuputrena kulam yathaa

 

xxx

 

One Markandeya or 100 Duryodhanaadi?

What has one to do with a number of sons who cause only sorrow and affliction. A single son who could be the support, the one wherefrom the family can draw comfort is better.

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka/verse 17

kim jaatairbhahubihi putraihi sokasantaapakaarakaihi

varamekaha kulaalambhii yatra visraamyate kulam

xxx

Even a single meritorious son is better than hundreds of them with no merit. A single moon dispels darkness and not the multitude of stars.

varameko gunii putro nirgunaisca satairapi

ekaschandrastamo hanti na ca taaraaganairapi

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 4, Sloka/verse 6

Tiruvalluvar says,

The duty of the son to the father is to make others exclaim, “what penance has he done to be blessed with such a worthy son”.

What father is expected to do his son is to make him fit to hold the foremost place among the learned – Kural 67

 

xxx

Still born son!

It is better to have a still born son than the one born foolish. The still born one gives a modicum of pain. The foolish one burns the whole life

muurkhasciraayurjaatopi tasmaajjaatamruto varaha

mrutaha sa caalpadukkhaaya yaavajjiivam jatoo dahet

-Chanakya Niti, Chapter 4, Sloka/verse 7

 

 

Tiru Valluvar in his master piece Tirukkural says,

Among the blessings one should have there is none so great as having sensible children – Kural 61

No evil will befall a man in all the seven births he may have if he gets children of irreproachable character – Kural 62

 

Famous Hindu Boys

Hindu mythology and Hagiology have  lot of exemplary children in its over 3000 year history such as Druvan, Markandeya, Nachiketas, Thiru Jnana Sambandar, Adi Shankara,Satyakama Jabali, Prahlada, Vamana, Uddalaka, Svetaketu and Andal (poetess).

 

–Subham —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NONE HAS GROWN RICHER BY ENVYING- A STORY (Post No.4744)

Date: 14 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 21-39

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4744

 

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Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar has sung about Envy (jealousy) in his work Tirukkural, which was praised as Tamil Veda by his contemporaries.

Tiruvalluvar says,

‘’None has grown richer by envying

Ans no one has lost by not envying’’ (Kural 170)

 

In another couplet he says

‘’If an envious man accumulates wealth, and a virtuous man

Comes by misfortune, both these need scrutiny’’ – 169

 

‘He who is envious needs no enemies to ruin him’ – 165

‘The Goddess of Fortune shuns the envious’-  167

‘Envy destroys one’s wealth’ – Kural 168

 

Here is a story about envying told by C Hayavandana Rau in a book published 100 years ago. I have summarised it:

 

“A poor man with numerous children to support was daily begged by his wife to try his luck in a different town. At last he yielded to her request and started on a long trip. Overjoyed at his determination, his wife, who was a thoughtful woman, prepared him some dishes and packed them in a box.

Half way through his travel he wanted to take rest and so placed everything under a tree and went to wash his hands and feet in the nearby river. He suspended his meal box in a tree branch after looking around and making checks for monkeys and other animals.

Siva- Uma Rangoli by Mangalam srinivasan

Since it was evening, Parvati and Parameswar were on their usual round. The soft breeze carried the sweet smell of the dishes to the gods. Parvati, being a woman wanted to taste the food and get the recipe. Parameswar (Siva) agreed.

Before the person came back they ate the food and replaced the bronze box with a golden box with magical powers.

When the person came back from the river he was very hungry and so spread the banana leaf and tried to empty the box. Nothing was inside but he noticed the box is a golden box now. And he turned it over on the leaf before him, and his plate (leaf) was full of the tastiest food in the world. Now he realised it was a gift with magic powers sent by the gods. He returned home hurriedly to tell his wife and others the story. Just to thank the deities who gave him the magic box husband and wife arranged a big party for the villagers.

       

Everybody heard the story about the bronze box becoming a golden box and it gave food for everyone and it never runs out. The word about miracle spread far and wide and he had a very jealous couple in the very next door. The jealous wife asked her husband to go on travel like him. She expected a bigger golden box. She also made pack lunch for him and asked to do everything the same way his neighbour did. He went on a trip and took rest like his neighbour. At that time a Brahma Rakshas ( Ghosts) couple were travelling along that path. When the jealous man went to take a bath the ghosts took his bronze box with food and left him a lead box with evil powers. When the jealous man saw the change in the bundle ran to his wife saying the box had changed. Without checking, his wife invited all the villagers for a lunch. When she emptied the box, the ghosts (brahma rakshas) appeared before everyone and cut off the persons’ nose.

 

The moral of the story is ‘Jealousy brings punishment in its train’.

–Subham-

 

 

 

 

 

Chanakya and Tamil Poetess Avvaiyar (Post No.4739)

Date: 13 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 20-46

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4739

 

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Who is Chanakya?

A Brahmin scholar, statesman, author of the first economics book in the world (Arthasastra), a king maker and author of several didactic works. He lived 2300 years ago.

 

Who is Avvaiyar?

There were at least three poetesses by the name Avvaiyar. Some people even say that there were six Avvaiyars. Most famous Avvaiyar lived 2000 years ago in Tamil Nadu during Sangam age. But the Avvaiyar who wrote Muuthrai belonged to the middle ages. Her Athichudi is taught to the infants in the school.

 

Chanakya says,

If people make friends with a person of evil conduct, evil eye, evil habitation, the wicked one, the person doing so comes to naught quickly.

Duraacaariivca durdushtirduraavaasii ca durjanah

Yanmaitrii kriyate pumbirnarah siighram vinasyati

Chapter 2, sloka 19

Avoid contact with the wicked, associate with the good, engage in good deeds day in day out, keep in mind impermanence all the time.

Tyaja durjanasamsargam bhaja saadhusamaagamam

Kuru punya mahoraatram smara nityamanityataam

Chapter 14, sloka 20

 

Tamil Poetess Avvaiyar says,

To see the vicious is bad; to give ear to the words of the wicked is evil. To voice forth the base qualities of the evil or vulgar is wicked. To associate with them as friends is sinful.

Muuthurai 9

xxxxxx

 

Bull 5 metres, Horse 10 metres, elephant 1000 metres!

 

One should keep away from a cart to the distance of five hastas ( a measure of length equal to 24 angulas or about 18 inches) from a horse ten hastas, an elephant 100 hastas and for a wicked man even by leaving the country

Chapter 7, sloka 7

Sakatam pancahastena dasahastena vaajinam

Hastinam satahastena desatyaagena durjanam

 

This is in Tamil work ‘Neethi Venba:’ Keep away from horned animals to the distance of 5 hastas, from a horse ten hastas, for an elephant 1000 hastas and for a wicked man run away as long as he disappears from your sight.

Neethi Venba is by an anonymous author.

 

xxxxxx

 

Sandalwood and Sugar cane

Chanakya says,

The sandal wood tree, even when cut, does not give up its fragrance, a lordly elephant, even when old, does not give up its playfulness; sugarcane, even when inserted in machine, does not give up its sweetness. One born in a high family, even when reduced to poverty, does not give up the qualities going with good conduct.

Chapter 15, sloka 18

Chinnopi candanatarurna jahaati gandham

Vruddopi vaaranapatirna jahaati liilaam

Yantraarpito madhurataam  na jahaati  cekshuh

Kshiinopi na tyajanti siilagunaan kuliinah

 

Avvaiyar says,

Though the milk be boiled, it does not lose taste. Though enemies move sociably, they are enemies. The noble-hearted be reduced in circumstances, they are ever noble. The conch shell, though burnt is white nevertheless.

Muuthurai 4

The fragrance of the soft sandal wood, even when ground down, does not abate. Though wreathed kings suffer defeats and have less revenues, will they thereby become less generous or less resolute?

Muuthurai 28

 

xxxxxxxxxx

 

Can crow become an eagle?

Chankaya says,

 

One goes up by one’s qualities and not by occupying a high seat. Does a crow by sitting on top of a place turn into Garuda?

Gunairuttamataam yaati noccaira asanasamsthitah

Praasaadasikharasthopi kaakah kim garudaayate

Chapter 16, verse 6

Avvaiyar says,

The turkey cock, seeing the wild peacock dance, fancies itself to be and spreads its own unattractive wings and dances. So is the little learning of the ignorant man.

Muuthurai 14

 

xxxxxx

Good are always Good!

Meru may shake at the end of the Yuga, the seven oceans may turn rough at the end of the Kalpa. The good however, would not turn away from what they had undertaken.

Chapter 13, sloka 19

 

Yugaante calate meruh kalpaante sapta saagaraah

Saadhavah pratipannaarthaan na calanti kadaacana

 

Avvaiyar

The great, though fallen, are great and those who are not great, when they fall are non-entities. Though a precious gold pot breaks it is still god (valuable). What will be mud pot worth when it is broken? –

Muuthurai 18

 

—- Subham—

 

Stories based on two Tamil Proverbs (Post No.4730)

Date:11 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 15-47

 

WRITTEN by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4730

 

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In a town in South India there was a wealthy Brahmin lady who was living alone. In those days, robbers enter the town and loot the houses. But they followed certain rules. They will only rob rich people, that too only after informing them!

 

One day this Brahmin lady also received a note saying on such and such day the house will be robbed. This lady was a clever lady. She knew that she can’t prevent them and any attempt to stop them will result in bloodshed. So she prepared the best food on the day for the robbers. The flavour of the food items travelled far away in the air in the streets. Since the town people knew about the robbers’ visit all of them shut the doors and switched off the lights.

 

This lonely lady left the door slightly open. The robbers came beating big drums and entered the house. This lady welcomed them with a smile and asked them to eat first and then continue their work. They couldn’t say no because of the excellent smell of the food. They ate to their full stomach. Before they finished eating this clever lady spread a silk saree on the floor and placed all her jewels and silk sarees on it signalling to them to take them. The juniors in the group were waiting for the orders from the chief of the robbers. When he kept quiet the junior robbers asked him whether they can lay their hands on them.

 

No, he said firmly.

There are proverbs in Tamil that you should never harm a house where you ate. They say that you should ever think about the people who gave you salt ( food). Never ever steal in the house wo gave you food. So don’t touch anything; let us go.

 

He not only left the house intact, later he gave his plundered property to that family. This is a true story, but the author who wrote it in 1916 in a bout about Bhartruhari’s Niti Sataka, did not give the place and the name of the person.

 

Black Bag floating in the River!

River Godavari in South India was in floods. Two friends Ramappan and Thimmappan went to see the floods. They were enjoying watching lot of furniture, house hold utensils and trees and animals that were washed away and floating. Suddelny Ramappan noticed a big black bag floating in the middle of the river. He pointed it out to Thinnappan and said,

“Thinnappa, go and get that black bag. It is big. It must contain something valuable; Let us share it”.

 

Thinnappan jumped into the floods without hesitating and swam towards the black bag. He grabbed it and pulled it towards him. But the bag was not a bag; it was a bear washed away by the flood. That was struggling to get a grip and so it caught hold of him. Thinnappan tried to get out but couldn’t.

 

Ramappan still thought that the floating bag was a treasure and his friend was trying hard. But at one stage he shouted to Thinnappan,

“Please come back if you can’t get hold of the bag. Come back safe”

 

Thinnappan said: No Ramappan; it is not a bag; it is a bear.

He shouted back: Leave it and come back.

I am ready to come back. But it wouldn’t allow me. I have left the bear; but the bear is not ready to leave me”.

Both of them went along the floods; Ramappan was helpless.

 

Desire is like the bear; once you catch hold of it, even if you want to get out, it wouldn’t leave you. So strong is the grip of desire!

There are lot of proverbs in Indian languages about desire.

–subham–

 

 

 

MUSLIM, CHRISTIAN SUPERSTITION ANECDOTES (Post No.4725)

Date: 10 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 9-37 AM

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4725

 

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Superstition Anecdotes 

Coleridge, when asked by a lady if he believed in ghosts, replied,

“No, madam, I have seen too many to believe in them”.

 

Xxx

How to serve Meals?

Carefully explaining the correct procedure in serving meals, the wealthy society lady ended her little lecture to the new maid by saying,

Now, Mary, don’t forget. You always serve from the left and take the plates from the right.

 

I won’t forget, Madam, answered the girl in a conciliating tone of voice, but what is the matter? Superstitious or something?

Xxx

Negros Superstition

 

Abraham Lincoln told this story

A balloon ascension occurred in New Orleans before the war, and after sailing in the air for several hours, the aeronaut who was arrayed in silks and spangles like a circus performer, descended in a cotton field where a gang of slaves were at work. The frightened negroes took to the woods ,all but one venerable darky, who was rheumatic and could not run, and who, as the resplendent aeronaut approached, having apparently just dropped from heaven, said,

Good morning. Massa Jesus; how is yo pa?

 

Xxx

Muslims object to Telephone

 

When the first line was put in for King Ibn Saud in Arabia, Moslem religious leaders protested against such innovations and works of the devil from the land of the Infidel. Ibn Saud listened to their complaint and gave judgement,

If the telephone is really the work of the Devil , the holy words of Koran will not pass over it,if the holy words do pass over it. It assuredly cannot be the work of the Devil. So we will appoint two mullahs, one to sit in the palace and one in the telephone exchange, and they are to take turns reading a passage from the Holy Book, and we will see. By this test the r religious leaders were convinced.

 

Xxxx

Key and Snake!

A snake having twined itself round a key, which was declared by the seers to be a portent, Leotychidas (Spartan Ruler 545 BCE) remarked

It would have been more of a portent if the key had twined itself round a snake.

Xxxx

No Boots!

General Emilio Mola, second in command with the Spanish fascists, was killed in an airplane crash. When the peasants picked him up they found he was in his stocking feet. A brother officer explained that a Gipsy had once told the General he would die with his boots on, and he therefore always took his shoes off when in an air plane.

 

Xxxx subham xxxxx

 

 

CHRISTIAN FANATICS DISAPPOINTED (Post No.4684)

Date: 31 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 8-02 am

 

Compiled  by LONDON SWAMINATHAN

 

Post No. 4684

 

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WITH YOU.

 

 

Bigotry Anecdotes

 

BURN THE LIBRARY!

In connection with the destruction of the 700 000 manuscript volumes of the Alexandrian library, the Caliph Omar said

Either these books conform to the Koran or they do not. If they do, they are not needed; if they do not, they are positively harmful. Therefore, let them be destroyed.

 

Xxx

WHAT DID CHRISTIANS DO?

 

What did Puritans come to this country for?

Asked a teacher in a class of American history.

 

To worship in their own way, and make other people do not same, was the reply

 

Xxxx

FANATICS DISAPPOINTED!

 

The Young Men’s Christian Association appointed a committee to go to President Lincoln to protest his appointment of the Rev Mr Shrigley as hospital chaplain in the army. When they first approached, the president mentioning Mr Shrigleys name, he misunderstood them and thought they had come to praise his choice and said,

“Oh yes, I have sent it to the Senate. His testimonials are highly satisfactory, and the appointment will no doubt be confirmed at an early date”.

Hastily the committee spokesman protested,

“But sir, we have come not to ask for the appointment, but to solicit to withdraw the nomination, on the ground that Mr Shrigley is not evangelical in his sentiments”.

“Ah! Said the president, that alters the case. On what point of doctrine is the gentleman unsound? “

“He doesn’t believe in endless punishment”, was the reply.

“Yes, added another member of the committee, he believes that even the rebels themselves will finally be saved; and it will never do to have a man with such views as hospital chaplain”.

 

The president was silent for a moment. Then, regarding the expectant faces about him, he said with emphasis,

“If that be so, gentlemen, and there be any way under heaven where by the rebels can be saved, then let the man be appointed!”

 

Xxx

TRAGIC GALILEO

 

There are few more tragic records of the struggle of the human mind and spirit against bigotry than this text of Galileo”s recantation before the Holy Inquisition

 

“But because I have been enjoined by this Holy Office altogether to abandon the false opinion which maintains that the sun is the centre and immovable, and forbidden to hold, defend or teach the said false doctrine in any manner and after it had been signified to me that the aid doctrine is repugnant with the Holy Scripture.

 

I abjure, curse and detest the sad heresies and errors…….. and I swear that I will never or assert anymore in future say or more anything verbally  or in writing , which may give rise to a  similar suspicion of me”.

–SUBHAM–

 

 

STORY OF MR.OMNIA IN BONUM (Post No.4677)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 29 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 8-26 am

 

Post No. 4677

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This is a folk tale from Tamil Nadu in South India. There was a king in Tamil country who had a wise minister. Whenever something good or bad happened in the country or at palace, he used to tell the king ‘Omnia in bonum’ (Latin for good in everything). He believed that everything will be good for those who believe in God. He told the king to leave everything to god and not to worry about anything. In course of time he earned the nick name Mr Good (omnia in bonum).

 

The king was not happy with his minister but he retained him because he served his father and earned the name of a wise minister. Once the king had cut his finger while he was cutting a fruit. Immediately he called the minster to find out any bad omen in it. He told the king everything is for good (Omnia in bonum). The king got very angry and ordered his servants to put him into the prison. Then he called the natïve doctor who gave him some herbal treatment. He put a bandage around the king’s finger.

Months have passed. The villagers of the country came to the palace and complained about wild animals entering their villages and attacking the cattle. They requested the king to hunt those wild animals. The king decided to go for hunting and one day he went into the forest. Usually the minister would be next to him and this time he went alone because he put his minister into the prison.

 

After a day of hectic hunting the king wanted to take rest under the shade of a tree and so ordered his assistants to keep away from him. While he had a nap, suddenly a lion sprang up on him. But it went away after smelling him. The king was shivering and shaking and at last managed to return to the palace with the help of his assistants.

 

As soon as he returned to the palace he released his minister and asked to explain the meaning of lion’s attack and why it left him alive. The minister again began with his refrain, “Everything that happened is good. Everything is planned by God. I have been telling you this from day one of my ministership. Look! because of your injury the lion did not eat you. Normally they don’t like the injured or dead animals. So, your injury only saved you.”

The king laughed and asked what happened to you Mr Good? You have been suffering in the prison until this minute. The minister told him, “No, I did not suffer. If I had accompanied you which I always did, the lion would have killed me because my body was intact. So the prison sentence is also God’s will. It was good that you imprisoned me”. The king was happy and made him a full-fledged minister again.

 

There is another version of this story:

When the king had a nap under the tree, the tribal worshippers — Kabaliks –had caught him and took him for a human sacrifice. They wouldn’t sacrifice anyone with lost limbs or handicapped. So, they released him when they saw a bandage around his cut finger.

 

All for Good; Good for all!

 

–Subham–

STORY OF 10 BUSINESSMEN AND 3 THIEVES (Post No.4673)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 19-11

 

Post No. 4673

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This is a folk tale from Tamil Nadu. There were ten Chettiars in a town. Chettiars belong to the caste of businessmen like Patels, Banias and other business communities. The Chettiars in a town used to buy sarees, towels and dhotis from a nearby village famous for woven goods. They knew all the days of weekly markets in the nearby towns. They used to go in a group to those markets and come back home in the group. This is the way the business guilds acted in the olden days to ensure their personal safety.

 

One day after selling their goods in a nearby city, they came back through a forest. Unfortunately, three thieves waylaid them. They threatened them with swords and seized all the money from them. The Chettiars, like Indian businessmen, tie the money, jewels and gems in their waist cloth. Knowing this the thieves forced them to undress except for the small loin cloth. They had to do it to save their lives.

 

When the Chettiars became half naked, the thieves wanted more fun and forced them to dance. First they told the thieves they didn’t know any dance. But when the thieves threatened them, one Chettiar began to dance and other nine joined them. the thieves were happy and spent their time in drinking and gambling games.

 

The business community in Tamil Nadu have their own jargon and some technical words for pricing. Just to hide the prices from the customers, they use this language when the customers are present. The customers wouldn’t know because they are mostly single words.

 

Out of the ten Chettiars one clever man found out a way to pass a secret message to his colleagues. So while he was dancing and singing he used them with the usual refrain/ rhyme.

Picture of Chettiar Dolls

 

Thom Thom Thathiginom (refrain)

Brothers ‘thiru’ persons

Younger brothers ‘puli’ persons

Thathingina Thathingina Thathinginathom

‘Savanam Savanam’ persons

‘Thiruvar Thiruvar’ round up

Thatheem Thatheem Thathinginathom

‘Savanam’ is the reminder

handcuff Savanam hadcuff

Thom Thom Thathinginathom

Stop-da, Come-da, Go-da

Thatheem Thatheem Thathinginathom.

 

The refrain ‘’thom thathinginathom’ of Chettiars attracted the thieves and then they started repeating the slogan and drank more and more.

 

The message conveyed through this song was, “Look! we are ten people; they are only three; if three of us can round up one thief each, all the three thieves would be arrested. The tenth man can run and bring the police. The above song has numbers I, 3 and 10 (Savanam, Thiru, Puli)

When the thieves were half asleep, the nine chettiars divided themselves according to the plan and then grabbed one  each. The tenth Chettiar  brought the police. The Chettiars got back their money and returned to their home town.

Even today Chettiar community use the coded words for prices for sarees and other textiles.

 

–subham–