31 More Quotations from Poet Kalhana (Post No.4948)

31 More Quotations from Poet Kalhana (Post No.4948)

MAY 2018 GOOD THOUGHTS CALENDAR

 

COMPILED by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 25 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  18-05

 

Post No. 4948

 

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Kalhana was a minister in Kashmir King Harsha’s (1089-1101) Kingdom. He wrote his epic poem in Sanskrit, Rajatarangini (River of Kings). It gives the history of Kashmir. Lst month I publied 30 quotations from him. Now there are 31 more quotes from Rajatarangini of Kalahana.

 

FESTVAL DAYS:  May 10-Hanuman Jayanti (Telugu region) ; 28 Vaikasi Visakam in Tamil  temples; Agni nakshatram begins 4 ; 28 ends

 

EKADASI/ HINDU FASTING DAYS- May 11, 25

 

AMAVASYAI/ NEW MOON-  May 15

 

FULL MOON DAY/ PURNIMA- May 29
Auspicious Days in MAY -2, 4, 6, 7, 13, 20, 25, 27

 

In the past three years, hundreds of quotations are given in both Tamil and English monthly calendars in my blog. Please use them

 

May 1 Tuesday
Achievement
What cannot be accomplished by anyone who disregard s his own limbs and mind?
Such a person is capable of bold enterprise. Rajatarangini 7-1328

May 2 Wednesday
Acquaintance
Acquaintance with the use of weapons is common but a strategist is not.
7-1529

May 3 Thursday
Aim
Everyone knows how to use a dart but rarely is one aware of its aim. 7-804

May 4 Friday
Beauty
She had full breasts curved like a jar and also the excellent hips. She was the embodiment of joy in love as well as in a home.4-18

May 5 Saturday
Benefits
There is not one action of the cloud which is not beneficial to others, some plants open their blossoms, when lightning flashes through it pains the eyes, others blossom at the roar of thunder which hurts the ears. Nevertheless, the dull witted find in it no other virtue except that of giving of rain 8-1556

 

May 6 Sunday
Bravery
When a bold man, after completing his duty, is about to rest, fate imposes on him burdens of New responsibilities- 8-1791

May 7 Monday

Celebrity
Only among ordinary people a thing of surpassing merit becomes celebrity. Who can lure the attention of the mighty to such superb objects? 4-254
May 8 Tuesday
Certainty
If a tree which protect s a river bank collapse s in a flood, the creeper which lives on it, will surely follow suit.8-3250

May 9 Wednesday
Chance
What is intended for protection may, through a stroke of fate, cause destruction.-7-804

 

May 10 Thursday
Change
Providence by burning the thin grass produces the thick verdure. After a day of acute warmth, it rains.8-1790

 

 

May 11 Friday
Enmity
In spite of constant reconciliations, enmity, even though allayed, repeatedly enters the heart just as a wet garment, in spite of its being repaired, is often torn .7-384
 

May 12 Saturday
Courage
The heroic think an object attainable by courage, the timid by caution; otherwise between them there could be little difference. 6-363

May 13 Sunday
Danger
Danger causes sudden alarm but not when one in the midst of it . Water is chill when it is poured on one’s head but not when one is sunk in it.-8-1097

May 14 Monday

Death
A man will not be slain even by a stroke of  lightning before his time but one who has reached his allotted span might die even from a flower 8-531

 

May 15 Tuesday

Fortune
Fortune which merchants obtain by misappropriation of deposits, which courtesans get by deceiving their lovers, or princes through treason, is after all impermanent. 4-181

Fortune moving about unsteadily, like the lightning playing in the sky, always follow s the cloud of destiny . With whom does it abide permanently? 8-1896

When extraordinary good fortune of overwhelming glory comes to a man, retreating misfortune increases the power of its sorrows.7-795

Fate grants fortune to that person whom those who think themselves wise, persist in considering as unfit 8-491

Fortune like a prostitute daubed with a magic powder conquers even the strong minded, making them unlawful- 8-189
 

May 16 Wednesday
Defeat
Every great person finally meets with humiliating defeat just if he was a common man. Who then could proudly think I am great 8-335
May 17 Thursday

Dependence
By dependent on others, even an animal’s spirit is hurt 7-72

May 18 Friday
Destiny
Destiny can be opposite if and when jackals victoriously control a lion 8-1470
The mighty are cheated by the infirm and those who hold all might in their control, are deluded by the power less 7-959
Who else like him had his head cremated in one place and the rest of his body in another? 8-1473
May 19 Saturday

Devotion
Devotion to one’s sovereign does not change in honest men till they die 7-1322

May 20 Sunday

Diamond
The diamond is not cut by any other precious stone but on the contrary it cuts them. 4-51

 

May 21 Monday
Diplomacy
Let those who know diploma cy recommend to a different occasion either subservience or when expedient the discharge of duty. 8-691

In contentious transactions virtuous conduct is revealed by speech alone

May 22 Tuesday

Great
The great for a few favour s give much of their own. 3-276

None is great except the greedy, in doing good to others 7-502

The reputation of the great does not by any means conform to their birth place.4-41
May 23 Wednesday

Earth
The earth has been preordained for enjoyment of the valiant. 7-1288

May 24 Thursday

Equanimity
The ocean is not warmed by the submarine fire nor does it cold by the snow s of the Himalayas when they enter it. Men of unruffled mind display equanimity either in dejection or exultation 8-2666
May 25 Friday

Favour
In giving births, parents confer their only favour on their offspring but the sovereign does on all occasions 8-694

May 26 Saturday
Enterprise
In the course of daring ventures. It is not surprising if, through providence, a hundred thousand are vanquished by a single man or a single person by a hundred thousand .7-1499

May 27 Sunday
Fear
If the banks of rivers will only smell of a lion, to elephants they will seem as though they are on fire 8-3013

May 28 Monday

Fools
Fools who depend on cheap recognition and move about every where thoughtlessly like beasts deserve to be scorned. 8-215

May 29 Tuesday

Followers
The lightning of prosperity, the crane of celebrity, the thunder of boldness, and the rainbow of prowess, follow the cloud of prudence. 7-1455

 

 

May 30 Wednesday

Futility
What fragrance can a multitude of flower garlands bring to one, whose life has passed away? That is what natural beauty and glory of things mean to a fool. 4-501

May 31 Thursday

Good luck
Good luck will not be impoverished 7-1044

-SUBHAM-

Yupa Post in Sangam Tamil Literature and Rig Veda (Post No.4942)

Yupa post in Gold Coins of Gupta Emperors

RESEARCH ARTICLE WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 23 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  16-51 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4942

 

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Yupa Post in Sangam Tamil Literature and Rig Veda (Post No.4942)
The Yupa was a high wooden post erected eastward of the Supreme Fire altar, with much ceremony, immediately after the transfer of the sacred fire and the offerings had been accomplished. It’s object was to hold the living victims bound upon it for sacrifice. It was itself an object of adoration, being anointed with sacred ghee, the melted butter.

It had three prongs or forks RV 1-24-13,being more or less like a trident. It was made of various woods, according to the object of the sacrifice. In the Rajasuya ,it was made of Khadira wood I.e. Catechu acacia, a forest tree, a native to India most valuable especially for its medicinal qualities.

Pandya Coin with Yupa post

Yupa in Sangam Tamil Literature

The Rig Vedic Sanskrit word YUPA is used in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature without any change i.e. same Sanskrit word Yupa is used. In some other places it is called sacrifice post in Tamil (Velvi Nedunthunam).

Yupa is found in

purananuru vereses 15, 224

Perumpaanatruppadai- line 315

pathitrupathu 67-10

 

Velvi (sacrifie) occurs in at least 15 places. Kanchi Paramacharya (1894-1994), Shankaracharya of Kamakoti Peetam at Kancheepuram said the pure Tamil word Velvi in 2000 old literature shows that it is very familiar with the Tamils and part of their life.

 

Tamils were great fire worshippers. They did several Yagas (fire sacrifices)

 

Moreover the world famous Sanskrit poet Kalidasa in his Raguvamsa, written in the first century or second century BCE (see my research paper on his date) introduce Pandya King as the one who is always seen choked with Avabruda Snanam (bath during Fire Sacrifices).

Pal Yagasala Mudukudumi Peruvazuthi, a Pandya king,  performed several Yagas and his country was full of Yupa Pillars. With his name Peruvazuthi, a coin with a horse,  is discovered. This confirms that he did Asvamedha Yajnam. Kalidasa, in his Raguvamsa, talks about Agastya and Pandya and mentioned Avabrutha Snana, which is performed during big Yajnas. Another Choza king, Perunarkilli, performed Rajasuya Yajna. Karikar Choza, the greatest of the Choza kings, did yaga with eagle shaped Yaga Kunda (altar) according to Tamil literature

.

Nettimaiyar, one of the oldest poets of Sangam period, wonders ,“Oh! Pandya! please tell me whether the number of Yupa posts you installed more? Or the number of enemies you defeated more? Or the praises by the poets more?” (Pura.15)
Verse 224 praised the greatest of the Chola kings Karikalan for installing the tall Yupa post in the midst of eagle shaped Yaga Kunda.

Mulavarman, a fourth century king did a Yagna and installed seven Yupa posts to commemorate it in Borneo island of Indonesia. It was discovered in an area covered by very thick forests. Varman is a surname of Pallava Kings of Tamil Nadu.

All the Gupta emperors and most of the Satavahanas did great Fire sacrifices including Asvamedha Yajna.

Dr Martin Haug says that the name Yupa contains a pun on the Sanskrit word Yuva, a youth. The Aitareya Brahmana 2-1 however derive s it from yoyuupYan, they debarred, and relates a curious legend of the gods attempting to bar mankind from the knowledge of the sacrifice by its means.
There are other speculations as to the root of the word, Sat.Br 3-6-4.
It is probable that the term youth was used in reference to it’s decorations with ribbons corresponding to the then style of youthful dress.

No one was killed, No animal was killed

Sayana,the ancient Hindu commentator, observes here, that although at a sacrifice men and animals were bound to the Yupa post, yet both men and beasts were set free immediately after the fire had been carried round them. Everybody accepts Sayana’s commentary.

It is elsewhere said that after recitation of Purusha suukta RV 10-90, in which mystic immolation of Prajapati, the creator himself. Is described and after fire had been carried around them they were to be released , and an offering of melted butter made in their stead.
The reference s quoted are Sat.br 13-6-2-1
Van.Sam. 30
Taitr.Bra. 3-1-4
Kat.srauta sutra 21-1-1

In any sacrifice the consent of the victim is essential. Animals were theoretically supposed to be consenting parties to their own immolation.

 

Many texts might be quoted on the point, but the following two will suffice:

The animal when carried to the altar, saw death before it. Not wishing to go to the gods, the gods said to it, ‘Come we will bring you to heaven. Then the animal consented (Ait.Br.Vol 2, p.86)

Accordingly, the animals resigned themselves, and became favourably disposed to the slaughtering (Sat.Br.3-7-3-5)

 

It is also said that the animals will faint as soon as the mantras are said.

Yupa post close up picture

Interesting Story from Mahabharata

The point is further illustrated by a story in the fourteenth book of the Mahabharata. Krishna and Arjuna, disguised as Brahmins, telling Raja Mewaradwaja that a tiger had carried away the son of Krishna, and could only be appeased by being given half the body of the Raja’s (King’s) son; the king immediately agreed to sacrifice himself and directed his wife and son to cut him into two. But Krishna saw a tear in the victim’s left eye. He stopped the sacrifice, as the offering was an unwilling one.

So we can summarise

1.that no animal or man can be sacrificed without consent

2.the victims who were tied to the post were released as soon as the fire was carried around them. So the animal or human sacrifice was only symbolic.

3.We hear the story of first intended human sacrifice—the story of Sunashepa- happenedduring the 28 the king of Solar dynasty, Ikshvaku being the first king. So before Harischandra there was none or after Harischandra none was taken to sacrifice. That means it was only symbolic, because even Sunashepa was ‘rescued’ by Visvamitra.

Yupa is found in

RV 5-2-7 ( of Sunashepa); 1-51-14

AV 9-6-22; 12-1-38;13-1-47

Tait.sam 6-3-4; 7-2-1

Vaja. am.19-17

Pancha.Brah.9-10-2

YUPA POST IN INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZAION

Yupa post | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/yupa-post/

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Ancient name of the river is Parusni. There is a similar sounding word Hariyupia – in the Rig Veda. Few scholars identify it with Harappa of Indus Valley Civilization. Rig Veda describes it a as a Vedic city with Yupa posts of golden colours!! Rig Vedic Index by A B Keith and A A Macdonell gives the following information:.

 

Fire altar Mystery in Sangam Literature

mystery solved | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/mystery-solved/ – Translate this page

2 Aug 2016 – –source: A Dictionary of Vedic Rituals. Tamil Mystery solved! My comments: There is a verse in Sangam Tamil literature (Akananuru verse 361) where a simile about a tortoise is not explained by any one Tamil commentator correctly. After reading the above passage of placing a live tortoise on a layer, we …

 

–SUBHAM–

 

 

MYTHS ABOUT TAMIL VEDA EXPLODED; DR NAGASAMY’S NEW BOOK ON THIRUKKURAL (Post No.4939)

MYTHS ABOUT TAMIL VEDA EXPLODED; DR NAGASAMY’S NEW BOOK ON THIRUKKURAL (Post No.4939)

 

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 22 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  17-22 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4939

 

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TIRUKKURAL is considered the Tamil Veda; it was written by Thiru Valluvar. One of Valluvar’s contemporary himself said this in Thiruvallauva Malai. He said that Sanskrit has Veda and Tamil has now got Tirukkural. It has 1330 couplets divided into 133 chapters which deal with didactic topics. There are lots of myths about its author Tiruvalluvar and his book. After Dravidian parties came to power in Tamil Nadu fifty years ago, lot of things about Vallauvar’s personal life was changed in the text books. And the accepted commentary of Parimel Azakar is tampered with. Dr R Nagaswamy, eminent historian and famous archaeologist looks at the book from a new angle.

 

He explodes the myths about G U Pope’s contribution to Tamil literature, Pope’s half- baked statement about Valluvar’s date  (800 to 900 CE) and some people’s attempt to show Tirukkural a text of Jain origin. G U Pope who translated 72 Purananuru verses, deliberately vomited Kapilar’s vesre showing him as an ‘Antana’ (Brahmin) and dubbed him a Pariah. Dr Nagasamy also Shows how hardly Pope tried to show Valluvar as a Christian or influenced by Christianity.

Another myth exploded by Dr R N is the gold coin of Valluvar. The coin said to have been issued by Ellis is not of Valluvar, but of Buddha. It was found in a museum in Calcutta. Ellis’ name was unnecessarily dragged into this matter.

Nagaswamy described in detail the futile colonial attempt to Christianise Tirukkural.

Dr R Nagaswamy needs no introduction. He was the Director of Archaeology in Tamil Nadu from 1966 to 1988. He was the Vice Chancellor of Kancheepuram University. He was the author of over 50 books and hundreds of research articles. He has travelled around the world lecturing on History and culture of Tamil people. Recently he has been awarded Padmabhusan by the Government of India.

 

He says that there is no gem in the whole field of Tamil literature more precious than Tirukkural. He has compared Tirukkural with lot of similar verses in Sanskrit Dharma sastras, Artha sastra, Natya sastra and Kama Sastra. He has also shown that Valluvar wrote it on the basis of Hindu values Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Valluvar himself divided his book into three major sections Dharma (Aram), Artha (porul) and Kama (Inbam). Moksha is dealt with in the book under Dharma.

 

Dr Nagaswamy says that the work of Valluvar is an abridgement of Sanskrit sastras.  Without leaving anyone to guess the authenticity, he has given the relevant passages as well. So no one could challenge him. It is a treasure for the English speakers,  and particularly the Non Tamil speakers in India.

Though scholars like V R Ramachndra Dikshitar has done such a comparative study before Dr Nagasawmy, he has added more materaias from different scriptures such as Dhammapada of Buddha and Bhagavad Giat of Lord Krishna.

Another unique feature is the addition of Sanskrit verses in Devanagari lipi which would be of help to North Indians.

He as beautifully summarised all the relevant data from Sangam literature to prove the ancient character of the Tirukkural. First he deals with the three theories about the age of the work and concludes that it is older than the Tamil epic Silappadikaram of second century CE. He rightly pointed out that the couplets are in Sutra format which is further proof for its age.

 

About Valluvar’s religion Dr Nagasamy says, after examining the previous arguments, “The examination of the personal religion of Valluvar does not  give us any definite lead in the matter. Valluvar did not wish to give his work a sectarian character. He gives lot of examples to show the striking correspondence between the Kural couplets and the works of Manu, Kautilya and Vatsyayana.

 

In another chapte,r the author of the current book examines the statement of Nataka Valakku by the doyen of Tamil literature U Ve  Swaminatha Aiyar.

In the concluding chapter hr makes an important statement, “Thirukkural of Thiruvalluvar can be fully understood only with the knowledge of Sanskrit, as it draws heavily from Dharma sastras, Artha sastras, Natya sastra and Kama Sastra and also their commentaries.

Everyone who is interested in Tamil literature  must have this book.

 

The book is priced only 150 rupees which is very cheap. The book has got great value for money.

Details of the Publication:

Tirukkural- An Abridgement of Sastras

Dr R Nagaswamy

December 2017

Pages 248, Price Rs.150

Published by Tamil Arts Academy and Giri Trading Agency Private Limited

Contact: www.giri.in

sales@giri.in

 

–SUBHAM-

CORONATION OF HINDU KINGS IN ANCIENT INDIA (Post No.4935)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 21 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  15-13 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4935

 

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Ancient Hindu coronations are explained in the Hindu Epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. They followed the rituals prescribed in the Brahmanas (Vedic Literature). They used to recite the story of Sunashepa. It was a symbolic human sacrifice. The Brahmana literature says in very clear terms that all the animals tied to the sacrifice poles are released before the fire sacrifice.

 

Ramayana and Mahabharata describe the state and the pageantry of the great coronation (Rajasuya) of Rama and Yudhishthira respectively. They were consulted as precedents for like ceremonies in later ages. 2000 years ago  Tamil Choza king Perunarkilli performed Rajasuya Yajna for which the other two Tamil Kings of Chera and Pandya countries came. Tamil poetess Avvaiyaar attended the Rajasuya and praised all the three great kings (Ref.Purananuru)

 

Like Hindus recite the story of Sunashepa in Hindu coronations, the British read/recited the Bible. In the coronations of British sovereigns at Westminster, the Holy Bible is brought from off the altar by the Dean of Westminster, and handed to the Archbishop, who “with the rest of the bishops going along with him, shall present it to the Queen/King, saying these words to her/him ‘ Our gracious Queen/King we present you with this Book, the most valuable thing that this world affords; Here is wisdom; This is the Royal Law ; These are the lively Oracles of God; Blessed is he that readeth, and  they that hear the words of this book, that keep and do the things contained in it…etc.”

 

The Rajasuya (King making) ceremony was specially used for the inauguration of a king, who by conquest or through influence had supremacy over other kings.

 

It was partly a repetition of the Abisheka or bathing (with holy water) ceremony with which every king was crowned at his accession.; and lasted at least one whole year, sometimes for several years. It included many rites, civil and religious peculiar to the various peoples of India.

Aitareya Brahmana

Aitareya Brahmana belongs to the Shakala Shaka of the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. It describes the heavenly coronation ceremony in detail. Santi Parva of Mahabharata, the oldest and longest epic in the world; says that it is the chief duty of the people of a country to inaugurate a king, because the Devas performed a similar ceremony for Indra.

 

India was the first democracy in the world according to the Rig Veda. The reference to Sabhas and Samitis and the words ‘Chosen’ ‘elected’ prove this.

 

Every king in India was chosen by the ministers and elders of the capital city. Even Valmiki shows this in his Ramayana where Dasaratha consulted his senior citizens. Even Indra, the celestial type of earthly sovereignty was ‘chosen’ by the Devas, for their king.

 

In ancient India, there were two capital cities for two different races. Hasinapura and newly constructed  Indraprastha near modern Delhi was the capital of Bharata Kings of the Lunar Race. Ayodhya was the capital of Ikshvakus of the Solar Race. It is also not far from Delhi.

Abisheka / Anointment

The main ceremony in the coronation of a Hindu king was Abisheka or bathing with holy water. For this the water from all the holy rivers of India and the sea water from four different corners of India was brought and filled in golden pots. After uttering the Vedic mantras the king was bathed with that water. During the repeat ceremonies (Punar Abisheka) it is done again.

Ordinary people also had this type of abisheka during their 60th, 70th, 80th and 100th birth anniversaries. For Brahmins the golden pots, for Kshatrias the silver pot, for Vaisyas copper pots and for Shudras the earthen pots were used in ancient India.

 

Invitation was sent to all the kings and they came with big presents for the new king. We have a very long list of presents that Yudhisthira received in the Mahabharata. According to Vedic scriptures the ceremony took place in an open air. Fixed erections such as altars and open sheds were demolished at the end of the ceremony.

Women watching from Multi Story Buildings

The interest with which Hindu ladies watched such ceremonies from the latticed windows of multi story buildings are described in Sanskrit literature. Nala Charita (History of King Nala) mentions a lofty balcony from which men and women watched the ceremony. In the Ramayana the mischief making Manthara observed the preparations for installation of Rama as Yuva Raja (prince) from an upper window and at his final installation the women are referred to as watching the ceremonies from the upper windows of overlooking mansions.  Sangam Tamil literature mentions seven storied buildings.

The general arrangements of the coronation ground were the same as other sacrifices. The Aitareya Brahmana explains the symbolism of plan, by comparing its three divisions to Earth (a sitting room) Air (fire place) and Sky (two repositories for food (Sadas, Agnidhriya and Havirdhana respectively). With reference to the last word it is further said Heaven and Earth are the two havirdhanas of the Gods for every offering is made between them.

But there were some modifications for accommodating vast crowds and display the coronation pageants. Kings from neighbouring countries also attended it.

The Brahmana literature says “And that sacrificial mansion crowded with kings and Brahmins and great rishis/seers, looked, O King, as handsome as heaven itself, crowded with the gods.”

Ficus Glomerata Tree and Gold

The throne seat was made of Udumbara wood (Ficus glomerata). It rested on four legs with boards placed on them, just one foot high. It had side boards two feet high. It was well fastened with sacred Munja grass (sachcharum munja).

 

A tiger skin was placed on the seat with hair side upward, and the neck to the east, typical of royal, military, power, the tiger being the hero of Indian beasts.

Ramayana and Venkateswara Suprabada praise Rama as Tiger among men ( Narasardula).

Vishnu Sahasranama refers to three trees of Ficus family (Moraceae) as God Vishnu:

Asvatta (Ficus religiosa)

Vata (Ficus indica)

Udumbara (Ficus glomerata)

 

The king ascended it on his knees, praying to gods to ascend it with him, and they were believed, though unseen, to do so.

According to Vedic literature, every sacrifice must be accompanied by his wife. The Queen-consort, also took part in the coronation ceremony. Ramayana says,

Vasistha, chief for revered age,

High on a throne, with jewels graced,

King Rama, and his Sita placed

–Ramayana 6-130

Soma feast was part of coronation; soma drink is different from Sura (alcoholic drinks) drinks. It may be compared to something like strong coffee (Expresso) or a herbal coffee.

The crown was a small branch of the Udumbara tree set in a circlet of gold (Indus valley seals show it ). The crown was sprinkled with the holy waters.

 

Two strainers are used for bathing the king. He (the priest)  weaves gold (threads) into them. With them he purifies these consecration waters… Gold is immortal life (Satapata 5-3-5-15)

Below the king’s foot the priest throws a small gold plate with “Save him from death’; Gold is immortal life; he thus takes his stand on immortal life” mantra.

Then there is another gold plate with a hundred or nine holes. That gold plate is laid upon king’s head; The king thus lays immortal life into him (Satapata 5-4-12-14)

The signal to the chorus through the response to a verse chanted by the chief reciter, of the sacred syllable Aum to a Vedic verse and of Evam tathaa (so it is), the exact equivalent o modern Amen in Christian church.

Rig Vedic mantras and Yajur Vedic formulas are used in the coronation mantras.

–Collected from  (year 1898) an old book ‘The Golden Legend of India’ by William Henry Robinson and added my own inputs.

 

–Subham–

 

 

HINDU KING’S 24 HOUR SCHEDULE (Post No.4927)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 18 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  21-06 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4927

 

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Chanakya, the oldest economist and political thinker in the word, has listed the qualities of a great king. Along with that he has given a time table for a day for a king. Each period is approximately one and half hour. The stateman who created the mighty Magadan empire and the mightiest Magadan army, which created fear in the army of Alexander, has written many books such as Arthasastra and Chanakya Neeti.

 

Let us look at the Arthasastra where he enumerates the qualities and routine of a king:

One day is divided into two parts Day time and Night time:

Day

1.receiving guards and checking finances

2.attending to the affairs of the city and the country peoples

3.bath, food and study

4.receiving revenue and meeting superintendents

5.despatching writs, meeting council of ministers and hearing secret information

6.favourite entertainment

7.superintending the army in its branches

8.considering military plans with Commander-in- chief; at the end of the day offering the evening prayer.

 

Night

1.receiving secret emissaries

2.bath, food and study

3.entering the bed chamber amid music

  1. sleep

5.sleep

6.rising with music and recalling sastric  injunction and contemplating on the day’s duty

7.considering administrative measurers and sending out spies

8attending to spiritual matters, physicians, cooks and astrologers etc. entering court.

 

Qualities of a Hindu King

An ideal king must undergo a broad education in arts and sciences

Conquer his senses

Avoid others wives and properties

Devote himself to the maintenance of Law and Order

Strive diligently for the welfare of the subjects

(AS Chapter 1)

 

Al Basham, author of The Wonder that was India, says

“The Arthasastra, despite its advocacy of every dishonest expedient for the acquisition and maintenance of power, puts the kingly duties in simple and forceful language, setting an ideal such as few ancient civilizations can boast of.”

In chapter 6 Chanakya alias Kautilya harps on the necessity of an ideal king’s

magnetic personality

intellectual acumen

spirit of enthusiasm

and deep rooted self-possession.

Kautilya elaborates on these qualities:

Born of a high family

godly, possessed of valour

seeing through the medium of aged persons

virtuous and truthful

grateful, having large aims

highly enthusiastic

not addicted to procrastinations

powerful to control his neighbouring kings

of resolute mind

having an assembly of ministers and possessed of a taste for discipline.

 

source book- Kautilya on Love and Morals, P C Chunder

 

–subham—

 

ON WEALTH- THE RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA (Post No.4924)

ON WEALTH- THE RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA (Post No.4924)


WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 17 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  14-49 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4924

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

 

Rig Veda is the oldest book in the world. Tamil Veda is Tirukkural written by Tiruvalluvar, the greatest of the Tamil poets, who lived around 5th century CE. Tamil Nadu government placed him in 30 BCE.

Tiruvalluvar, Kavasa Ailushan and Grtsamada- all the three poets praise wealth (money). They know the importance of wealth. Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar makes it very clear that this world in not for the poor.

 

Let us look at a few verses from both the Rig Veda and the Tamil Veda Tirukkural.

“As those without money (wealth) can have no enjoyments in this world so also are those without compassion denied the blessings of the world above (heaven)”—Kural/couplet 247

 

The poor may sometimes (by winning a lottery prize, finding a treasure trove)  prosper, but those without compassion will be ruined without redemption – Kural 248

 

It is interesting to note that Valluvar insists one should have money but money may come and go, but compassion once gone, gone for ever, no redemption.

Money and wealth are compared with the wheel of a cart, elsewhere in the Rig Veda. It goes up and down.

 

Now look at what the Vedic poets say about wealth: –

The Right Way to Wealth

Rishi- Kavasha, son of Elusha

Rig Veda 10-31-2

Let a man think well of wealth, and try to

win it by the path of Law and by worship;

and let him consult his own intellect

and grasp with his mind greater ability

 

 

And in another hymn,

Rishi Gritsamada

RV 2-21-6

 

Bestow on us, Indra, the best of treasures;

the efficient mind and great brilliance

the increase of wealth, the health of bodies

the sweetness of speech and the fairness of days.

 

Bring thou to us wealth with the power to strike – says another rishi/seer in RV3-46-4

xxx

 

But the Brihadaranyaka (Big Forest Upanishad) Upanishad warns money wont help a person in the other world:-

Through wealth there is no hope of immortality

–Br.U. 4-5

What should I do with worldly wealth by which I cannot become immortal?

 

–Maitreyi to Yajnavalkya in Br.Up. 2-4-3

 

That is the reason Hindu seers erected the Hindu building on the four pillars of Dharma, Artha , Kama, and Moksha ( Virtue, Wealth, Pleasure and Salvation.)

Seers insist that one should find a balance between the four and they say one should have one or two  without affecting the others in the four.

Tirukkural followed the same pattern and Valluvar divided his book into three chapters: Virtue, Wealth and Pleasure.

It is also interesting to note that the same order is recited in the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam in at least two or three verses.

 

–Subham–

 

 

 

 

Why does my child do Sanskrit? (Post No.4922)

COMPILED by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date: 17 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  7-13  AM  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4922

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

 

S.Nagarajan’s Note:

We have presented in four parts the Tamil translation of Rutger Kortenhorst’s wonderful speech. He is a Sanskirt Scholar and teacher. Readers who want to read the original text may be benefitted by the following text.

Thanks to many net sites.

Why does my child do Sanskrit?
by Rutger Kortenhorst

 

Rutger Kortenhorst, a Sanskrit teacher in John Scottus School in Dublin, speaks on the value of teaching Sanskrit to children, based on his own experience with the language.

Good evening Ladies and Gentlemen, we are going to spend an hour together looking at the topic ‘Why does my child do Sanskrit in John Scottus?’ My bet is that at the end of the hour you will all have come to the conclusion that your children are indeed fortunate that this extraordinary subject is part of their curriculum.

Firstly, let us look at Why Sanskrit for my child? We are the only school in Ireland doing this language, so this will need some explaining. There are another 8 JSS-type schools around the world that have made the same decision to include Sanskrit in their curriculum (they are all off-shoots from the School of Philosophy).

Secondly, how is Sanskrit taught? You may have noticed your son or daughter singing Sanskrit grammar songs in the back of the car just for the fun of it on the way home from school. I’ll spend some time telling you HOW we approach teaching Sanskrit now since my year in India.

Why Sanskrit?

But first of all: why Sanskrit? To answer that we need to look at the qualities of Sanskrit. Sanskrit stands out above all other languages for its beauty of sound, precision in pronunciation and reliability as well as thoroughness in every aspect of its structure. This is why it has never fundamentally changed unlike all other languages. It has had no need to change being the most perfect language of Mankind.

If we consider Shakespeare’s English, we realize how different and therefore difficult for us his English language was although it is just English from less than 500 years ago. We struggle with the meaning of Shakespeare’s English or that of the King James Bible. Go back a bit further and we don’t have a clue about the English from the time of Chaucer’s ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’ from around 700 AD. We cannot even call this English anymore and now rightly call it Anglo-Saxon. So English hadn’t even been born! All languages keep changing beyond recognition. They change because they are defective. The changes are in fact corruptions. They are born and die after seven or eight hundred years –about the lifetime of a Giant Redwood Tree- because after so much corruption they have no life left in them. Surprisingly there is one language in the world that does not have this short lifespan. Sanskrit is the only exception. It is a never-dying constant. The reason for the constancy in Sanskrit is that it is completely structured and thought out. There is not a word that has been left out in its grammar or etymology, which means every word can be traced back to where it came from originally. This does not mean there is no room for new words either. Just as in English we use older concepts from Greek and Latin to express modern inventions like a television: ‘tele [far] – vision [seeing]’ or ‘compute –er’. Sanskrit in fact specializes in making up compound words from smaller words and parts. The word ‘Sams – krita’ itself means ‘completely – made’.

So what advantages are there to a fundamentally unchanging language? What is advantageous about an unchanging friend, say? Are they reliable? What happens if you look at a text in Sanskrit from thousands of years ago?

The exceptional features of Sanskrit have been recognised for a few centuries all over the world, so you will find universities from many countries having a Sanskrit faculty. Whether you go to Hawai, Cambridge or Harvard and even Trinity College Dublin has a seat for Sanskrit –although it is vacant at present. May be one of your children will in time fill this position again?

Although India has been its custodian, Sanskrit has had universal appeal for centuries. The wisdom carried by this language appeals to the West as we can see from Yoga and Ayurvedic Medicine as well as meditation techniques, and practical philosophies like Buddhism and most of what we  use in the School of Philosophy. It supports, expands and enlightens rather than conflicts withlocal traditions and religions.

 

The precision of Sanskrit stems from the unparalleled detail on how the actual sounds of the alphabet are structured and defined. The sounds have a particular place in the mouth, nose and throat that can be defined and will never change. This is why in Sanskrit the letters are called the ‘Indestructibles’ [aksharáni]. Sanskrit is the only language that has consciously laid out its sounds from first principles. So the five mouth-positions for all Indestructibles [letters] are defined and with a few clearly described mental and physical efforts all are systematically planned: [point out chart]After this description, what structure can we find in a, b, c, d, e, f , g…? There isn’t any, except perhaps that it starts with ‘a’, and goes downhill from there.

Then there is the sheer beauty of the Sanskrit script as we learn it today. [Some examples on the board]

You may well say: ‘Fine, but so why should my son or daughter have yet another subject and another script to learn in their already busy school-day?’ In what way will he or she benefit from the study of Sanskrit in 2010 in the Western world?

The qualities of Sanskrit will become the qualities of your child- that is the mind and heart of your child will become beautiful, precise and reliable.

Sanskrit automatically teaches your child and anybody else studying it to pay FINE attention due to its uncanny precision. When the precision is there the experience is, that it feels uplifting. It makes you happy. It is not difficult even for a beginner to experience this. All you have to do is fine-tune your attention and like music you are drawn in and uplifted. This precision of attention serves all subjects, areas and activities of life both while in school and for the rest of life. This will give your child a competitive advantage over any other children. They will be able to attend more fully, easily and naturally. Thus in terms of relationships, work, sport– in fact all aspects of life, they will perform better and gain more satisfaction. Whatever you attend to fully, you excel in and you enjoy more.

 

By studying Sanskrit, other languages can be learnt more easily; this being the language all others borrow from fractionally. The Sanskrit grammar is reflected in part in Irish or Greek, Latin or English. They all have a part of the complete Sanskrit grammar. Some being more developed than others, but always only a part of the Sanskrit grammar, which is complete in itself.

What Sanskrit teaches us that there is a language that is ordered, following laws unfailingly and as they are applied your child gets uplifted, not only when they grow up, but as they are saying it! This means they get an unusual but precise, definite and clear insight into language while they are enjoying themselves.

They learn to speak well, starting from Sanskrit, the mother language of all languages. Those who speak well run the world. Barack Obama makes a difference because he can speak well. Mahatma Gandhi could move huge crowds with well-balanced words. Mother Theresa could express herself with simple words which uplift us even now. The language of the great Master Teachers of mankind from times past is all we have got after centuries and millennia, but they make all the difference. We can enter the remarkable mind of Plato through his words. If your daughter or son can express themselves well through conscious language they will be the leaders of the next generation.

Sanskrit has the most comprehensive writings in the world expressed through the Vedas and the Gítá. The Upanishads –translated by William Butler Yeats have given people from all over the world an insight into universal religious feelings for more than one century now. To know these well expressed simple words of wisdom in the original is better than dealing with copies or translations as copies are always inferior to originals. We really need clear knowledge on universal religion in an age faced with remarkable levels of religious bigotry and terrorism arising from poorly understood and half-baked religious ideas.

 

Culture

Vivekananda, a great spiritual leader from India revered by all in the World Religious Conference of 1880 said:

You can put a mass of knowledge into the world, but that will not do it much good. There must come some culture into the blood. We all know in modern times of nations which have masses of knowledge, but what of them? They are like tigers; they are like savages, because culture is not there. Knowledge is only skin-deep, as civilization is, and a little scratch brings out the old savage. Such things happen; this is the danger. Teach the masses in the vernaculars, give them ideas; they will get information, but something more is necessary; give them culture.

 
Sanskrit can help your child to express universal, harmonious and simple truths better. As a result you will really have done your duty as a parent and the world will reap the benefits in a more humane, harmonious and united society. Sanskrit can do this as it is the only language that is based in knowledge all the way. Nothing is left to chance.

Just think for the moment how confusing it is for a child to learn to say ‘rough’, but ‘dough’. And why does the ‘o’ in ‘woman’ sound like an ‘e’ in ‘women’? How come the ‘ci’ in ‘special’ is different from the ‘ci’ in ‘cinema’? Teachers may well say ‘Just learn it’ as there is no logical explanation, but it only demonstrates to a child that it is all a bit of a hit-and-miss affair. What else does this randomness in the fundamental building-blocks of language teach a child about the world? That it’s just a confusing, random chance-event? How can this give anyone any confidence?

 

Now go to a language where everything is following rules. Where nothing is left to chance from the humble origin of a letter to the most sophisticated philosophical idea. How will that child meet the world? Surely with confidence, clarity and the ability to express itself?

I have seen myself and others growing in such qualities, because of our contact with Sanskrit. I have just spent a year in India. Though it felt a bit like camping in a tent for a year, it was well worth it. For many years, we taught Sanskrit like zealots i.e. with high levels of enthusiasm and low levels of understanding, to both adults in the School of Philosophy and children in John Scottus School. We did not perhaps inspire a lot of our students and may have put a number of them off the study of Sanskrit. It felt to me like we needed to go to the source. Sanskrit teachers worth their salt need to live with people whose daily means of communication is in Sanskrit. I had already spent three summers near Bangalore doing just that and becoming less of an amateur, but it really needed a more thorough study. So I moved into a traditional gurukulam for the year. This meant living on campus, eating lots of rice  and putting up with a few power-cuts and water shortages, but by December 2009, I made up my mind that I would step down as vice-principal of the Senior School and dedicate myself to Sanskrit for the rest of my teaching life. It felt like a promotion to me as quite a few could be vice-principal but right now which other teacher could forge ahead in Sanskrit in Ireland? [Hopefully this will change before I pop off to the next world.] With Sanskrit I’m expecting my mind to improve with age even if my body slows down a little. Sanskrit is often compared to the full-time teacher, who is there for you 24/7 whereas the other languages are more like part-timers. The effects of studying Sanskrit on me have been first and foremost a realistic confidence. Secondly, it meant I had to become more precise and speak weighing my words more carefully. It also taught me to express myself with less waffle and therefore speak more briefly. My power of attention and retention has undoubtedly increased.

 

Teaching method

Now, let me explain for a few minutes, HOW Sanskrit is taught. To my surprise it is not taught well in most places in India. Pupils have to learn it from when they are around age 9 to 11 and then they give it up, because it is taught so badly! Only a few die-hards stick with it, in time teaching the same old endings endlessly to the next generation. This is partly due to India having adopted a craving to copy the West and their tradition having been systematically rooted out by colonialism.

For learning grammar and the wisdom of the East, I was well-placed in a traditional gurukulam, but for spoken Sanskrit I felt a modern approach was missing.

Then I found a teacher from the International School belonging to the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry. His name is Narendra. He has developed a novel, inspiring and light method to teach grammar, which doesn’t feel like you do any grammar at all. At the same time it isn’t diluted for beginners so you don’t end up with partial knowledge. I also followed a few Sanskrit Conversation camps, which all brought about more familiarity.

Narendra says he owes his method to Sri Aurobindo and his companion The Mother who inspired him to come up with the course we now follow in Dublin. This is one of the many things The Mother said to inspire him:“Teach logically. Your method should be most natural, efficient and stimulating to the mind. It should carry one forward at a great pace. You need not cling there to any past or present manner of teaching.”

This is how I would summarize the principles for teaching Sanskrit as we carry it out at present:
1. Language learning is not for academics as everyone learns to speak a language from an early age before they can read and write and know what an academic is. So why insist in teaching Sanskrit academically?

  1. The writing script is not the most fundamental thing to be taught. A language is firstly made of its sounds, words and spoken sentences. [The script we use -though very beautiful- is only a few hundred years old.]
  2. Always go from what is known to what is new.
  3.  Understanding works better than memorisation in this Age. Learning by heart should only take up 10 percent of the mental work, rather than the 90 percent rote learning in Sanskrit up to the recent present.
  4. Don’t teach words and endings in isolation; teach them in the context of a sentence as the sentence is the smallest meaningful unit in language.
  5. Any tedious memory work which cannot be avoided should be taught in a song.
  6. Do not teach grammatical terms. Just as we don’t need to know about the carburetor, when we learn to drive a car.
  7. The course should be finished in two years by an average student according to Narendra. This may be a little optimistic given that we are a little out of the loop not living in India, which is still Sanskrit’s custodian. At present I would say it is going to be a three-year course.
  8. Language learning must be playful. Use drama, song, computer games and other tricks to make learning enjoyable.
    We have started on this course since September and it has certainly put a smile on our pupils’ faces, which makes a pleasant change. I now feel totally confident that we are providing your children with a thorough, structured and enjoyable course. Our students should be well prepared for the International Sanskrit Cambridge exam by the time they finish –age 14/15- at the end of second year. We will also teach them some of the timeless wisdom enshrined in various verses. At present we are teaching them: “All that lives is full of the Lord. Claim nothing; enjoy! Do not covet His property”-in the original of course.


The future

Let us look at the 500 – year cycle of a Renaissance. The last European Renaissance developed three subjects: Art, Music and Science to shape the world we live in today. It had its beginning in Florence. The great Humanist Marsilio Ficino made Plato available to the masses by translating it from Greek to Latin. We live in exciting times and may well be at the beginning of a new Renaissance. It also will be based on three new subjects: Some say that these will be Economics, Law and Language.

Language has to become more universal now as we can connect with each other globally within seconds. NASA America’s Space Program is actively looking at Sanskrit in relation to I.T. and artificial intelligence.

Sri Aurobindo said “…at once  majestic and sweet and flexible, strong and clearly-formed and full and vibrant and subtle…”.

 

What John Scottus pupils have said:

It makes your mind bright, sharp and clear.

It makes you feel peaceful and happy.

It makes you feel BIG.

It cleans and loosens your tongue so you can pronounce any language easily.

 

What Sanskrit enthusiasts have said:

It gives you access to a vast and liberating literature.

It can describe all aspects of human life from the most abstract philosophical to the latest scientific discoveries, hinting at further developments.

Sanskrit and computers are a perfect fit. The precision play of Sanskrit with computer tools will awaken the capacity in human beings to utilize their innate higher mental faculty with a momentum that would inevitably transform the mind. In fact, the mere learning of Sanskrit by large numbers of people in itself represents a quantum leap in consciousness, not to mention the rich endowment it will provide in the arena of future communication. NASA, California

After many thousands of years, Sanskrit still lives with a vitality that can breathe life, restore unity and inspire peace on our tired and troubled planet. It is a sacred gift, an opportunity. The future could be very bright.

Rick Briggs [NASA]


You may well have a few questions at this stage after which I would like to introduce you to a plant in the audience. A parent turned into a blazing ball of enthusiasm over Sanskrit grammar: John Doran. I would like him to wrap up.

I’ll give NASA’s Rick Briggs the last word from me:

One thing is certain; Sanskrit will only become the planetary language when it is taught in a way which is exiting and enjoyable. Furthermore it must address individual learning inhibitions with clarity and compassion in a setting which encourages everyone to step forth, take risks, make mistakes and learn.

Rick Briggs [NASA]

 

–SUBHAM-

 

 

 

JEWISH (RABBIS) JOKES ! (Post No.4918)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 15 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  21-54 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4918

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

 

 

 

Converted to New Religion and yet No Office!

 

A place hunter in Prussia (part of Old Germany and Poland), having asked the Frederick the Great for the grant of some rich Protestant Bishopric (office), the king expressed his regret that it was already given away, broadly hinted that there was a Catholic abbacy at his disposal.

 

The applicant managed to be converted in a week and to be received in the bosom of the true church; after which he hastened to his friend, the king, and told him how his conscience has been enlightened.

“Ah”, exclaimed Frederick, “how terribly unfortunate! I have given away the abbacy. But the chief rabbi is just dead, and the synagogue is at my disposal; suppose you were to turn Jew?”

 

xxx

Rabbis in Zoo!

Applying for a post as keeper at the Bronx Zoo, a burly Irishman came to the question,

What is rabies and what can you do about it?

The applicant wrote: :Rabies is Jewish priests, and you cant do anything about it.”

 

(Rabies= a contagious and fatal viral disease of dogs and other mammals; transmissible to humans through the saliva to humans causing madness and convulsions;

Rabbis= Jewish religious leader, scholar, teacher).

 

xxx

Rabbi is Stupid!

A certain Jewish man had left Pinsk to go to work in Minsk. For six months, he had been away. He had a short vacation and was very anxious to get back home to see his wife and children It was late on a Friday afternoon, however, and his friend said,

Look, you shouldn’t travel on the Sabbath. It is against religion. Stay over with me until the Sabbath is over. Be my guest.”

No said the other, I am anxious to get back to Pinsk. Six months I have been away.

Six months, said his friend, so what is another day? You shouldn’t travel on the Sabbath. Stay with me. I have got a nice house. I will give you nice Jewish meals.

After much argument, the man yielded against his better judgement, and remained over the Sabbath. Even then his friend would not let him go ad insisted on detaining him yet another day, entertaining him practically to exhaustion. At last he announced his departure.

I can’t stay another minute. I am going right away.

All right, said his host at last, and as his friend was about to leave the house he presented him with a bill for food and lodging. Outraged, the man cried, What kind of a business is this? You make me stay against my will; you won’t let me go. You insist that I should be your guest. You keep me overtime – then you give me a bill! I won’t pay it.

 

Equally firmly, his host insisted that he must pay. Finally he said, All right. We will consult the Rabbi.

They sought out the Rabbi. He heard the whole story, stroked his beard and pored at length over the Books of Law. At last, after recapitulating, the whole case, he delivered his verdict: you must pay.

 

The victim flew into a rage. They thrashed the case back and forth many times. But the rabbi was adamant: you must pay.

At last, weary and desirous only of getting to Pinsk, the man drew out his wallet and paid the money, demanding a receipted bill. His friend took the money, receipted the bill, and then handed the money, receipted bill back again saying ‘Forget it!’

 

What! screamed the other in despair. You force me to be your guest; you wont take no for an answer; you keep me there; you give me a bill; you drag me to the rabbi; he tells me I must pay; I pay. Now you give me back the money. What is this?

Ah, said his fried, I just wanted you to see what kind of a stupid person we have got for a rabbi n Minsk.

–subham–

 

 

RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA ON GAMBLING (Post No.4907)

RIG VEDA AND TAMIL VEDA ON GAMBLING (Post No.4907)

 

Research Article Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 12 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  10-33 am  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4907

 

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Dice is a Vice; Be Wise and slip out Nicely! –The Rig Veda (10-34)

 

It is very interesting to see both Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, and the Tamil Veda Tirukkural, the greatest Tamil book, oppose gambling. Both point out the evils of gambling. This message is very relevant even today. Unlike the olden days now Governments themselves are encouraging gambling by conducting lotteries in almost all the countries. Only when poor people lost everything and started stealing and robbing, they put some limits for spending or gambling in casinos. All the people knew this is only an eyewash. Governments get more funds from horse races, betting shops and lotteries. In London and other western cities every bazar street has at least three to four Betting shops. It makes people to think that they can make good money without working. Even Manu, the oldest law maker in the world lists gambling as an evil.

 

The longest epic in the world with two million lines, The Mahabharata, is an epic based on the evils of gambling. In those days, even kings gambled their countries.

 

Let us compare the famous Gambling Hymn in the Rig Veda and the chapter on gambling in the Tamil Veda Tirukkural written by Tiru Valluvar.

The author of the Rig Vedic gambling hymn (10-34) is

a seer called Kavasa Ailushan.

Picture posted by Lalgudi Veda

 

It is in the last mandala of the RV (10-34). This describes the lament of a gambler and the advice he gives to the world. A very interesting poem!

 

Dice is a Vice; Be wise and slip out Nicely!

The poem has 14 stanzas or mantras; the summary of the poem is: –

Gambling gives pleasure like the Soma drink from Mujawan mountains ( no one is sure about its location; only guess work).

 

My wife was very nice to me and my friends. She never got angry; but I drove her out after losing in the gambling (What a shame!)

 

Wives don’t like it; mother and mother in law hate it. They think that the person is going wrong.

My father, mother, wife and sons say- We do not know this fellow, take him out! (like a drunkard on the roadside)

Every time I go to the casino; I think I am going to win! But the dice favours only my opponent (very much disappointing)

 

The dice go up and down and dance. They are like the coal that burns my heart.

The gambler goes to others’ houses in the night ( to steal or borrow money)

The gambler feels remorseful when he sees the status of his wife and wives of others. He started the day with good hopes and finished it miserably.

Now I open both my palms to show I have nothing on me now. (I am bankrupt)

Good Advice!

Do not play with the dice.

Better till your lands and be content (with what you harvest there)

Only when you feel content, thinking that is plenty, you will feel happy and regain your wife. This is God’s advice. Savita Devi told me this!

(To the dice coins, the gambler say)–

Don’t be angry with me; be my friend. Do not attack me. Let your anger fall on the misers. Go to my enemy and let him fall in your trap.

 

Family might have enjoyed the winning money; but they are not ready to share the sin.

The game of the dice was played in public places such as halls (compare it with modern casinos)

The sound of the rolling dice is luring; I vow not to repeat the mistake; but the sound of the rolling dice and friends pull me towards it. I run to it like a woman runs to the meeting place to see her lover.

After losing I look like an old horse ready to be sold (unwanted stuff).

Mysterious Number 53

There is one stanza which baffles every translator.

The group of the avowed gamblers plays the game, divided into three five (tri pancha in Sanskrit); or three times five or in a group of fifty three. – Sayana takes it as 53 coins in the gambling; Ludwik says 15;it shows Vedic language is very difficult to understand. Though we have detailed report about Dice Games in Nala Charita and Mahabharata, still we could not solve this mysterious Tri pancha!!!)

In the same way, ‘To the great captain of your mighty army’ is translated as the big number in Dice by some and  as Kali, the losing throw by others. Vedic language is several thousand years old; no one can translate it correctly; Griffith attempted to translate it in English and say that the meaning is obscure, the meaning is uncertain in every other page; Mischief makers like Max Muller say they followed Sayana, but use their own interpretations; Sayana of 13th century himself only guessed the meaning several thousand years after the Vedic seers recited it!

The dice are made with Vibhitaka seeds- no one knew the plant!

 

TIRUKKURAL

Now let us compare it with the Tamil Veda Tirukkural:

Tiru Valluvar described the evils of gambling in ten couplets ( Chapter 94; from 931 to 940)

 

931.Do not take to gambling even if you can win.

What can the fish gain by swallowing the baited hook?

  1. To win once, the gambler loses a hundred to foes. What good can gamblers gain in life? Nothing but loss.

933.Were a man to speak incessantly of that which he gains by rolling dice, the wealth would leave him and pass on to others.

934.Gambling increases miseries and ruins one’s fame. There is nothing that reduces one to poverty like that.

935.Many who took pleasure in gambling and gambling booths, proud of their skill in dice have been ruined.

 

(like the Rig Vedic seer, Tiru Valluvar also talks about casinos/gambling booths. Like Rig Veda, we see the miserable status of the gambler here, loosing fame and standing like on old unwanted horses, ready to be sold).

938.Gambling ruins a man’s fortune, makes him resort to falsehood.

This can be compared with the night visit of the gambler in the Veda (for stealing or borrowing).

 

  1. The five things

clothing

wealth

food

fame and

learning/education

avoid a person who takes to gambling

 

  1. Passion for gambling grows with every loss. It is craving for life which grows through all suffering.

This can be compared to a woman running to see her lover kin the Rig Veda. The more she is separated the more she longs to see him. A person who is sick wants to live longer.

In the Kural couplet 936 , Tiruvalluvar refers to Hindu goddess of Misfortune Muudevi (Mukati in Tamil). He says gambling is the ogress misfortune.

Manu also refers to the evils of gambling in at least 20 couplets.

–Subham–

 

 

Businessman’s Novel Idea to catch a Thief! (Post No.4888)

Businessman’s Novel Idea to catch a Thief! (Post No.4888)

 

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 6 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  10-08 am (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4888

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

 

I am rewriting a story found in 100 year od book after deleting the caste names.

There was an old business man in a town. One night a burglar entered his house. He hid himself in a bush under a tree in his garden. Though the business man knew the presence of a thief in the garden, he pretended as if he did not notice him. Various thoughts ran into his mind. If I shouted ‘thief, thief’, then he may run away and visit my house another day. Or he may straight away attack me. My old wife is alone in the house.

 

Suddenly a flash of thought came. He called his wife at the dead of night and asked her to bring a chair and place it under the tree in the garden. She was wondering what happened to her husband. But as a faithful and obedient wife she did what he said. Then he asked for a pot full of hot water with cloves in it saying that he was suffering from severe tooth ache.

She did bring a pot of hot water with cloves in it to relieve him of his tooth pain. He started gurgling water mouth by mouth and spat on the bush where the burglar was hiding. Before he finished the pot full of water, there was some water left in the pot. He started gurgling the water and spat on his wife. First time she thought he did it by mistake. When he repeated three more times, she started shouting ‘Oh, My God, please help me; my husband is becoming mad. At the dead of night, he started spitting on me Come and help me!’.

 

The neighbours heard her cry and came to her help. When many of them came around the business man, he started scolding his wife loudly, “What is the use of saving lakhs of rupees and hundreds of sovereigns of gold for this lady? This woman who has been my wife for 50 years couldn’t even tolerate three spits. But look at the thief under the bush who was patient and nice to me even when I spat on him 25 times. Tell me how can I reward him?”

 

As soon as the businessman said this, the thief tried to come out of the bush and run away. Everyone sprang into action and caught him and took him to the police station.

Moral:– At times of trouble one must not panic, but must use his commons sense.

 

–Subham–