Research article written by London Swaminathan

Date: 13  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 20-33

Post No. 7210

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Compiled  BY London Swaminathan

Date: 12  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-31

Post No. 7207

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Two interesting articles about rats have appeared in a London News magazine.

‘THE WEEK’ magazine published from Britain, has published a news item about rats driving small cars in its issue dated 9th November 2019

Rats are very cunning and clever. They learn new tricks quickly. A team at the University of Richmond in Virginia (USA) constructed a rat operated vehicle (ROV). The vehicle is just a plastic jar mounted on wheels. Three copper bars and an aluminium plate are used as seat and steering wheel. If they sit on an aluminium plate and touch the copper wires to complete the circuit they are given some rewards. Once they complete the circuit this way the car moves forward. Then they could steer with the help of three copper bars.

Two sets of rats are used. One set was housed in an  enriched environment with toys and exercise machines. Another set was raised in normal lab cages. The enriched rats learnt driving far more quickly than the rest, indicating stimulation in early life is beneficial to rodents as it is to humans.

Source -The Week, 9th November 2019


Rat Doctor and Rat Detective

In Africa rats are trained to detect land mines and diagnose tuberculosis (TB). A single trained rat can search over 2000 square feet of land for explosive mines in around 20 minutes. A human would take a week to do the same. This is done in Morogoro in Tanzania. (Lot of countries affected by wars have the land mine problem)

Lives are saved and the war torn countries will be a safer place to live because of these hero rats.  The rats we are talking about are African pouched rats growing up to three feet long. Apopo , an NGO founded in Belgium, has been using their extraordinary sense of smell to find explosives all over the world.

The rats have also been trained to detect tuberculosis, while many other applications, all based around smell, are being researched. They are astonishingly effective.  Over the past 20 years, rats have cleared 100,000 landmines giving back almost 2.5 million square miles of land to a million people who had previously lived in fear.

There are more than 50 species within the genus Rattus, but African giant rats – Cricetomys gambianus- would be best suited to this task. It takes nine months to train a rat to sniff the explosives in landmines. Rats have been used to detect TB since 2007. The rats have helped to halt more than 117,000 potential TB infections.  When somebody has TB their sputum (spit) contains compounds by a bacterial pathogen and these have an odour. Some doctors claim to be able to smell it on very ill patients, but it is recognisable to some animals – such as rats taught by Apopo- at an early stage. Rats can easily smell the harmful bacteria. When the rats find something harmful, they are trained to scratch the ground.

( a longer version of this article was published in the Telegraph magazine.)

Source – The Week dated 26 October 2019.




Date: 4 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-37

Post No. 7178

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In almost every country the progress of chemistry can be traced to medicine and alchemy. Alchemy details the method of changing base metals into silver or gold. It describes the elixir of life and philosopher’s stone. In India religious worship and certain religious rites are also included in the study of Chemistry or Rasayana. Throughout the Rig Veda we see people praying for 100-year life span. To keep themselves fit, they drank the Soma rasa which gave them long and healthy life. Indian life in all its aspects, social, political and intellectual has always been  under the mighty sway of religion. Soma rasa, juice of Soma plant is described as an Amrita (ambrosia, elixir of life).

Magic (Electric) Light

The ‘Vasavadatta’ and the’ Dasakumara charita’ in the sixth century allude to the preparation of a mass of fixed or coagulated mercury, (Paradindadrab), ; of a chemical powder capable of producing deep sleep or stupor by its inhalation ( Yoga churna); of a chemically prepared wick for producing light without fire (Yogabartika) and of a powder which acts like an anaesthetic and paralyses sensor and motor nerves, (Stambana churnam.) These are in the above mentioned two books.


(Mercury is Paatha rasam in Tamil)

KUBJIKATANTRA is a manuscript in the collection of Maharajah of Nepal. This was written in Gupta character and copied in the sixth century. In one place of this Tantra work, Lord Shiva himself speaks about the efficacy of mercury when it is ‘killed’/ treated six times. Transmutation of copper into gold with the help of mercury is also explained.

Tantrics believe that preservation of body is necessary to achieve liberation through certain rites and mercury will  make the body undecaying and immortal.

Nagarjuna, the great Buddhist philosopher and alchemist is credited with a work called RASA RATNAKARA. He is also the reputed author of KAKSHAPUTA TANTRA and AROGYAMANJARI. He was the redactor of Susruta Samhita. He lived in the second century CE. There are two dialogues, one between Salivahana (Sathavahana) and Nagarjuna, and the other between Ratnagosha and Mandavya.

Letter of Nagarjuna

One Friendly epistle of Nagarjuna to King Udyana is available in Chinese and Tibetan languages. The Sanskrit original is lost. Sathavahanas ruled Andhra region in the first two centuries of modern era. It looks like there were more than one Nagarjuna. Arabian scholar Alberuni wrote about one Nagarjuna of Daihak near Somnath, nearly a century earlier than his own time. He was a great expert in alchemy according to Alberuni. Rasa ratnakara might have been written by the second Nagarjuna. In the Durbar Library of Nepal there are two more works attributed to Nagarjuna. They are Yogasara and Yogasatak.

RASARNAVA is a Hindu Saiva Tantra work which describes mercury as of divine origin. This book has valuable information on chemistry. Mica has been described as the seed of Goddess Gouri. It says mercury can not only improve the quality of metals but also can make human body undecaying and imperishable.

RASAHRIDAYA is another book which talks about ‘Rasa Siddhas’. They got another body without quitting their own bodies .

Asmaga was a Buddhist monk of Gandhara who lived around 400 CE. He composed Yogachara Bhumisastra. He introduced Patanjali yoga principles into Buddhism.

During the reign of the Pala Dynasty, there were many masters of magic and ‘Mantra Vajracharyas’, who performed the most prodigious feats with the Siddhis they attained. Siddhis are of eight types with which one becomes Superman with supernatural powers .

Following Buddhist works are minor chemistry books:-

RASAHRIDAYA was written by Govindabhagavat around 11 th century at the request of king of Bhutan, Kirataland .

RASENDRACHUDAMANI of Somadeva compiled lot of information from early works. He has praised Nagarjuna and others.

RASAPRAKASA SUDHAKARA by Yasodhara is another important work of 12th century.

Metallurgy of Zinc is explained in RASA RATNA SAMUCHCHAYA.

RASAKALPA is part of Rudrayamala Tantra which describes metals and minerals and the methods to kill/ treat them.

About the gigantic voluminous encyclopaedic Tibetan Tanjur and Kanjur, a separate article is posted already.

Please see the attached list of Chemistry Books (In Sanskrit):–




Iron Pillar of Delhi
Iron Beams at Puri Temple


Date: 2 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-37

Post No. 7170

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Iron Beams at Konarak Sun Temple

30 Sumerian Proverbs that reflect Hindu Views! (Post No.7159)

WRITTEN  by  London Swaminathan

Date: 31 OCTOBER 2019

Time  in London – 8-04 am

Post No. 7159

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Festival days:- November 2- Sura Samharam in Skanda/ Kartikeya Temples; 9 Tulsi Vivah; 12 Guru Nanak Jayanti & Annabishekam (Kartik Purnima in North India; in Tamil Nadu it is on 10th December) ; 16 Gopi Ashtami;18- Sangabishekam in Shiva Temples (Bathing Shiva with holy water from Conch shells); 24 Guru Tej Bahadur martyrdom day.

Muhurta/ auspicious days-  November 1,3, 10, 15, 22, 24

New moon/ Amavasyai – 26.

Full moon/ Purnima day- 12

Hindu Fasting /Ekadasi Days-  8 and 22/23

I have chosen 30 Sumerian Proverbs which are similar to Indian Proverbs in Tamil and Sanskrit. Great men think alike!

November 1 Friday

Dharma:- Who can compete with righteousness It creates life

November 2 Saturday

Hindu Yudhdha Dharma- You should not cut the throat of that which has already had its throat cut.

Suura Samharam- Lord Skanda Kills Demon Suura
Soora Samharam

November 3 Sunday

Hindu Wedding Mantras- Marrying is human. Having children is divine

November 4 Monday

Arajaka in Valmiki Ramayana- In a city that has no watch dogs,
the fox is the overseer.

November 5 Tuesday

Who possesses much silver may be happy;
who possesses much barley may be glad;
but he who has nothing at all may sleep.

November 6 Wednesday

Writing is the mother of eloquence and the father of artists.

November 7 Thursday

Flatter a young man, he give you anything;
Throw a scrap to a dog, he’ll wag his tail.

November 8 Friday

Mata Pita Guru Deivam- Pay heed to the word of your mother as though it were the word of a god.

November 9 Saturday

A sweet word is everybody’s friend.

Tulsi Puja

November 10 Sunday

For a man’s pleasure there is marriage;
on thinking it over, there is divorce.

November 11 Monday

Conceiving is nice; pregnancy is irksome.

November 12 Tuesday

The wife is a man’s future;
the son is a man’s refuge;
the daughter is a man’s salvation;
the daughter-in-law is a man’s devil.

November 13 Wednesday

Less Luggage, More Happiness-Who builds like a lord, lives like a slave.
Who builds like a slave, lives like a lord.

November 14 Thursday

Vidura Neeti and Tirukkural – Do not return evil to your adversary; maintain justice for your enemy, do good things, be kind all your days. What you say in haste you may regret later.

November 15 Friday

Making loans is as [easy] as making love, but repaying them is as hard as bearing a child.

November 16 Saturday

Hindu View- Go up to the ancient ruin heaps and walk around; look at the skulls of the lowly and the great. Which belongs to someone who did evil and which to someone who did good?

November 17 Sunday

Fear of ‘Papa’/ Sin- Commit no crime, and fear [of your god] will not consume you.

November 18 Monday

Karma Theory- Has she become pregnant without intercourse? Has she become fat without eating?

November  19 Tuesday

Kalidas Advice – Bride, [as] you treat your mother-in-law, so will women [later] treat you.

November 20 Wednesday

Against Drinking- If the beer mash is sour, how can the beer be sweet?

November 21 Thursday

Anityam – The gods alone live forever under the divine sun; but as for mankind, their days are numbered, all their activities will be nothing but wind.

November 22 Friday

Be Perfect- If a singer knows only one song but makes the sound pleasant, he is indeed a singer!

November 23 Saturday

He who knows how to move around becomes strong.

November 24 Sunday

You can have a lord, you can have a king, but the man to fear is the tax collector!

November 25 Monday

Don’t be Aggressive- If you take the field of an enemy,
the enemy will come and take your field.

November 26 Tuesday

He who possesses many things is constantly on guard.

November 27 Wednesday

Be careful about your Speech-A heart never created hatred; speech created hatred.

November 28 Thursday

Family comes First- He who does not support a wife, he who does not support a child, has no cause for celebration.

November 29 Friday

Vidhi – Fate is a dog, well able to bite.

November 30 Saturday

Be Perfect- If a scribe knows only a single line but his handwriting is good, he is indeed a scribe!

Sumerian Proverbs are similar to Hindu Proverbs.


Nine Muses in Greece and Nine Ceremonies in China (Post No.7150)

Compiled by  London Swaminathan

Date: 28 OCTOBER 2019

Time  in London – 15-40

Post No. 7150

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In ancient China  the number nine wasimportant in tne I Ching and in the Book of Rituals ( (Li Chi), which speaks o  nine ceremonies and they are-

Puberty rite for men







Drinking and

Military rituals

In the Han dynasty a nine based cosmology was for favoured.

The ninth day of the ninth month  was a men’s festival of ‘yang raised to a higher power.

There were nine earthly provinces, nine mountains, nine fields of heaven and so on.

The center of Beujing had 8 roads leading in to it , and these added to the one central point, made for a similar nonary structure.

In the West, there were nine orders of angels, nine cosmic spheres  in medieval cosmology, nine muses.

Greeks have also chosen Goddesses for the arts and poetry like Hindus.

The Muses are the nine goddesses of the arts, history and astronomy in Greece. The muses were not highlighted in mythologies, but writers and poets invoke them like Hindus before writing a book or performing dance and music. They are the source of inspiration for them like Goddess of Knowledge Saraswati or Goddess of wisdom, Ganesh.

Muses were among the retinue of the god Apollo, the patron of music and the arts. They were said to reside on Mount Helicon near Thebes or on Mount Parnassus near Delphi (Like Kailash or Mount Meru of Hindu Mythology).

Their names and branches of arts they preside over are as follows:

Name                        Meaning                              Arts

Calliope                         Beautiful voice                    Epic Poetry

Clio                                Fame                                      History

Erato                             Lovely                                    Lyric Poetry

Euterpe                         Joy                                          The Flute

Melpomene                   Singing                                  Tragic Drama

Polyhymnia                   Many Songs                         Mime

Terpsichore                   Joyful dance                             Dance

Thalia                            Good Cheer/Plenty            Comic Drama

Urania                             Celestial                               Astronomy


Idioms and phrases

We say that a cat has nine lives and a person who is ‘dressed to the nines’ in wearing his or her most elaborate finery.

Nine Muses | Tamil and Vedas › tag › nine-muses


4 Aug 2012 – Posts about Nine Muses written by Tamil and Vedas.

Why a son is called a ‘PUTRA’? (Post No.7141)

Choza King who followed Manu Neethi/rules


Date: 26 OCTOBER 2019

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 17-22

Post No. 7141

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Let us continue with chapter 9; most of the things said here have no relevance today; we have no evidence to show that these rules were ever observed. This chapter is only of academic interest. May be useful to researchers.

When one wants to assess ‘Manu’s justice’ one must consider:

What time did he write?

For whom did he write?

Were they followed verbatim or just rules in the book?

What happened in the contemporary civilizations?

In my view, most of the rules were academic. Foreign writers who visited India about 1500 years ago praised the Hindu society for its truthfulness and honesty. They saw order and discipline everywhere.

More over all communities around the world gave importance to male children because they were the bread winners, farm workers and fighters (in the war). But Manu empahasized more about the ablutions to the departed souls by the eldest son. This son’s duty to the departed souls and the Veera Matha (mother of heroic sons) concept are seen both in Pura nanuru of Sangam Tamil literature and the Vedas. Typical Hindu concepts seen from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari.

In addition to it, we see the Veera Swarga concept in the Bhagavad Gita, Pura Nanuru (Sangam Tamil literature) and the Islamic Koran. That is, who dies in war will get a direct ticket to the Heaven.

So, one must think twice before passing judgement on Manu. They must consider the rules of contemporary civilizations.

Throughout my comments on Manu, I have been showing the original Manu lived during Rig Vedic times. I have given the reasons for it (No reference to Sati, all reference about Mighty Saraswati River, No Ganga). All the Hindu scriptures except Vedas are updated constantly. Manu Smrti also updated during Sunga rule. Manu’s examples are all from very ancient times. He never mentioned Rama or Krishna. He never gave examples of epic heroes. Even in this chapter he gave examples about Daksha with 50 daughters, not Kuchelaa/Sudhama with 27 daughters

Manu considers all hypothetical situations such as 4 wives of a Brahmin , unmarried daughter delivering a child secretly at father’s house. He never forgets or hides anything. Even though such things are rare, he talks about rules concerned with them.

Let us continue from 9-137

9-137:-  Through a son he conquers the worlds, through a son’s son he obtains immortality, but through his son’s grandson he gains the world of the sun.

138. Because a son delivers (trayate) his father from the hell called Put, he was therefore called put-tra (a deliverer from Put) by the Self-existent (Svayambhu) himself.

139. Between a son’s son and the son of a daughter there exists in this world no difference; for even the son of a daughter saves him who has no sons in the next world, like the son’s son.

140. Let the son of an appointed daughter first present a funeral cake to his mother, the second to her father, the funeral to his father’s father.


9-141. Of the man who has an adopted (Datrima) son possessing all good qualities, that same (son) shall take the inheritance, though brought from another family.

142. An adopted son shall never take the family (name) and the estate of his natural father; the funeral cake follows the family (name) and the estate, the funeral offerings of him who gives (his son in adoption) cease (as far as that son is concerned).

143. The son of a wife, not appointed to have issue by another, and he whom an appointed female, already the mother of a son, bears to her brother-in-law, are both unworthy of a share, one being the son of an adulterer and the other produced through mere lust.

144. Even the male child of a female duly appointed, not begotten according to the rule given above, is unworthy of the paternal estate; for he was procreated by an outcast.

145. A son legally begotten on such an appointed female shall inherit like a legitimate son of the body; for that seed and the produce belong, according to the law, to the owner of the soil.

146. He who takes care of his deceased brother’s estate and of his widow, shall, after raising up a son for his brother, give that property even to that (son).

147. If a woman (duly) appointed bears a son to her brother-in-law or to another (Sapinda), that son, if he is begotten through desire, they declare to be incapable of inheriting and to be produced in vain.

148. The rules given above must be understood to apply to a distribution among sons of women of the same caste; hear now the law concerning those begotten by one man on many wives of different castes.

Brahmin’s Four Wives

9-149. If there be four wives of a Brahmana in the direct order of the castes, the rule for the division of the estate among the sons born of them is as follows:

150. The slave who tills the field, the bull kept for impregnating cows, the vehicle, the ornaments, and the house shall be given as an additional portion to the Brahmana son, and one most excellent share.

151. Let the son of the Brahmana wife take three shares of the remainder of the estate, the son of the Kshatriya two, the son of the Vaisya a share and a half, and the son of the Sudra may take one share.

Distribution of Ten Shares

9-152. Or let him who knows the law make ten shares of the whole estate, and justly distribute them according to the following rule:

153. The Brahmana son shall take four shares, son of the Kshatriya wife three, the son of the Vaisya shall have two parts, the son of the Sudra may take one share.

154. Whether a Brahmana have sons or have no sons by wives of the twice-born castes, the heir must, according to the law, give to the son of a Sudra  wife no more than a tenth part of his estate.

155. The son of a Brahmana, a Kshatriya, and a Vaisya by a Sudra (wife) receives no share of the inheritance; whatever his father may give to him, that shall be his property.

156. All the sons of twice-born men, born of wives of the same caste, shall equally divide the estate, after the others have given to the eldest an additional share.

157. For a Sudra is ordained a wife of his own caste only (and) no other; those born of her shall have equal shares, even if there be a hundred sons.

Six plus Six Sons

9-158. Among the twelve sons of men whom Manu, sprung from the Self-existent (Svayambhu), enumerates, six are kinsmen and heirs, and six not heirs, (but) kinsmen.

159. The legitimate son of the body, the son begotten on a wife, the son adopted, the son made, the son secretly born, and the son cast off, (are) the six heirs and kinsmen.

160. The son of an unmarried damsel, the son received with the wife, the son bought, the son begotten on a re-married woman, the son self-given, and the son of a Sudra female, are the six who are not heirs, but kinsmen.

Unsafe Boat

9-161. Whatever result a man obtains who tries to cross a sheet of water in an unsafe boat, even that result obtains he who tries to pass the gloom of the next world with the help of bad substitutes for a real son.

162. If the two heirs of one man be a legitimate son of his body and a son begotten on his wife, each (of the two sons), to the exclusion of the other, shall take the estate of his (natural) father.

163. The legitimate son of the body alone (shall be) the owner of the paternal estate; but, in order to avoid harshness, let him allow a maintenance to the rest.

164. But when the legitimate son of the body divides the paternal estate, he shall give one-sixth or one-fifth part of his father’s property to the son begotten on the wife.

165. The legitimate son and the son of the wife (thus) share the father’s estate; but the other tell become members of the family, and inherit according to their order (each later named on failure of those named earlier.


9-166. Him whom a man begets on his own wedded wife, let him know to be a legitimate son of the body (Aurasa), the first in rank.

167. He who was begotten according to the peculiar law (of the Niyoga) on the appointed wife of a dead man, of a eunuch, or of one diseased, is called a son begotten on a wife (Kshetraga).

168. That boy equal by caste whom his mother or his father affectionately give, confirming the gif with a libation of water, in times of distress to a man as his son, must be considered as an adopted son (Datrima).

169. But he is considered a son made (Kritrima) whom (a man) makes his son, (he being) equal (by caste), acquainted with (the distinctions between) right and wrong, (and) endowed with filial virtues.


9-170. If a child be born in a man’s house and his father be not known, he is a son born secretly in the house (Gudhotpanna), and shall belong to him of whose wife he was born.

171. He whom (a man) receives as his son, (after he has been) deserted by his parents or by either of them, is called a son cast off (Apaviddha).


9-172. A son whom a damsel secretly bears in the house of her father, one shall name the son of an unmarried damsel (Kanina, and declare) such offspring of an unmarried girl (to belong) to him who weds her (afterwards).

173. If one marries, either knowingly or unknowingly, a pregnant (bride), the child in her womb belongs to him who weds her, and is called (a son) received with the bride (Sahodha).


9-174. If a man buys a (boy), whether equal or unequal (in good qualities), from his father and mother for the sake of having a son, that (child) is called a (son) bought (Kritaka).

175. If a woman abandoned by her husband, or a widow, of her own accord contracts a second marriage and bears (a son), he is called the son of a re-married woman (Paunarbhava).

176. If she be (still) a virgin, or one who returned (to her first husband) after leaving him, she is worthy to again perform with her second (or first deserted) husband the (nuptial) ceremony.

177. He who, having lost his parents or being abandoned (by them) without (just) cause, gives himself to a (man), is called a son self-given (Svayamdatta).

178. The son whom a Brahmana begets through lust on a Sudra female is, (though) alive (parayan), a corpse (sava), and hence called a Parasava (a living corpse).

179. A son who is (begotten) by a Sudra on a female slave, or on the female slave of his slave, may, if permitted (by his father), take a share (of the inheritance); thus the law is settled.

180. These eleven, the son begotten on the wife and the rest as enumerated (above), the wise call substitutes for a son, (taken) in order (to prevent) a failure of the (funeral) ceremonies.

181. Those sons, who have been mentioned in connection with (the legitimate son of the body), being begotten by strangers, belong (in reality) to him from whose seed they sprang, but not to the other (man who took them).

182. If among brothers, sprung from one (father), one have a son, Manu has declared them all to have male offspring through that son.

183. If among all the wives of one husband one have a son, Manu declares them all (to be) mothers of male children through that son.

184. On failure of each better (son), each next inferior (one) is worthy of the inheritance; but if there be many (of) equal (rank), they shall all share the estate.

185. Not brothers, nor fathers, (but) sons take the paternal estate; but the father shall take the inheritance of (a son) who leaves no male issue, and his brothers.

186. To three (ancestors) water must be offered, to three the funeral cake is given, the fourth (descendant is) the giver of these (oblations), the fifth has no connection (with them).

187. Always to that (relative within three degrees) who is nearest to the (deceased) Sapinda the estate shall belong; afterwards a Sakulya shall be (the heir, then) the spiritual teacher or the pupil.

188. But on failure of all (heirs) Brahmanas (shall) share the estate, (who are) versed the in the three Vedas, pure and self-controlled; thus the law is not violated.


9-189. The property of a Brahmana must never be taken by the king, that is a settled rule; but (the property of men) of other castes the king may take on failure of all (heirs).

190. (If the widow) of (a man) who died without leaving issue, raises up to him a son by a member of the family (Sagotra), she shall deliver to that (son) the whole property which belonged to the (deceased).

191. But if two (sons), begotten by two (different men), contend for the property (in the hands) of their mother, each shall take, to the exclusion of the other, what belonged to his father.

192. But when the mother has died, all the uterine brothers and the uterine sisters shall equally divide the mother’s estate.

193. Even to the daughters of those (daughters) something should be given, as is seemly, out of the estate of their maternal grandmother, on the score of affection.

194. What (was given) before the (nuptial) fire, what (was given) on the bridal procession, what was given in token of love, and what was received from her brother, mother, or father, that is called the sixfold property of a woman.

195. (Such property), as well as a gift subsequent and what was given (to her) by her affectionate husband, shall go to her offspring, (even) if she dies in the lifetime of her husband.

196. It is ordained that the property (of a woman married) according to the Brahma, the Daiva, the Arsha, the Gandharva, or the Pragapatya rite (shall belong) to her husband alone, if she dies without issue.

197. But it is prescribed that the property which may have been given to a (wife) on an Asura marriage or (one of the) other (blamable marriages, shall go) to her mother and to her father, if she dies without issue.

198. Whatever property may have been given by her father to a wife (who has co-wives of different castes), that the daughter (of the) Brahmani (wife) shall take, or that (daughter’s) issue.

199. Women should never make a hoard from (the property of) their families which is common to many, nor from their own (husbands’ particular) property without permission.

200. The ornaments which may have been worn by women during their husbands’ lifetime, his heirs shall not divide; those who divide them become outcasts.

201. Eunuchs and outcasts, (persons) born blind or deaf, the insane, idiots and the dumb, as well as those deficient in any organ (of action or sensation), receive no share.

202. But it is just that a man who knows (the law) should give even to all of them food and raiment without stint, according to his ability; he who gives it not will become all outcast.

203. If the eunuch and the rest should somehow or other desire to (take) wives, the offspring of such among them as have children is worthy of a share.

204. Whatever property the eldest(son acquires by his own exertion after the father’s death, a share of that shall belong to his younger brothers, provided they have made a due progress in learning.

205. But if all of them, being unlearned, acquire property by their labour, the division of that shall be equal, (as it is) not property acquired by the father; that is a settled rule.

206. Property (acquired) by learning belongs solely to him to whom (it was given), likewise the gift of a friend, a present received on marriage or with the honey-mixture.

207. But if one of the brothers, being able to maintain himself by his own occupation, does not desire a share of the family property, he may be made separate by the others receiving a trifle out of his share to live upon.

208. What one brother may acquire by his labour without using the patrimony, that acquisition, made solely by his own effort, he shall not share unless by his own will with his brothers.

209. But if a father recovers lost ancestral property, he shall not divide it, unless by his own will, with his sons, (for it is) self-acquired (property).

210. If brothers, (once) divided and living (again) together (as coparceners), make a second partition, the division shall in that case be equal; in such a case there is no right of primogeniture.

211. If the eldest or the youngest (brother) is deprived of his share, or if either of them dies, his share is not lost (to his immediate heirs).

212. His uterine brothers, having assembled together, shall equally divide it, and those brothers who were reunited (with him) and the uterine sisters.

213. An eldest brother who through avarice may defraud the younger ones, shall no (longer hold the position of) the eldest, shall not receive an (eldest son’s additional) share, and shall be punished by the king.

214. All brothers who habitually commit forbidden acts, are unworthy of (a share of) the property, and the eldest shall not make (anything his) separate property without giving (an equivalent) to his younger brothers.

215. If undivided brethren, (living with their father,) together make an exertion (for gain), the father shall on no account give to them unequal shares (on a division of the estate).

216. But a son, born after partition, shall alone take the property of his father, or if any (of the other sons) be reunited with the (father), he shall share with them.

217. A mother shall obtain the inheritance of a son (who dies) without leaving issue, and, if the mother be dead, the paternal grandmother shall take the estate.

218. And if, after all the debts and assets have been duly distributed according to the rule, any (property) be afterwards discovered, one must divide it equally.

219. A dress, a vehicle, ornaments, cooked food, water, and female (slaves), property destined for pious uses or sacrifices, and a pasture-ground, they declare to be indivisible.

9-220. The division of the property and the rules for allotting shares to the several sons, those begotten on a wife and the rest, in due order, have been thus declared to you; hear now the laws concerning gambling.


பாட்டில் படத்தின் விலை 21 லட்சம் டாலர் (Post No.7140)


Date: 26 OCTOBER 2019

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 8-32 AM

Post No. 7140

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

நான் எழுதிய `பாட்டில் படத்தின் விலை 21 லட்சம் டாலர்` என்ற கட்டுரை தினமணியில் உலகப் பலகணி -யின் கீழ் 1992-ம் ஆண்டு ஜூன் 14ம் தேதி வெளியானது. அத்துடன்  , `ரஷியாவை அதிரவைத்த கொலை வழக்குகள்’ இமயமலையில் புற்று நோய்க்கு மருந்து` என்ற கட்டுரைகளும் வெளியாகின. அவைகளை நேற்று வெளியிட்டேன். இன்று பாட்டில் பட ஏலக் கதை:–

Do you want latest Auction Story? (25th October 2019, Metro Newspaper)

A MUSEUM is attempting to buy a rare matchbox-sized book handwritten by Charlotte Brontë.

The Jane Eyre author wrote The Young Men’s Magazine aged 14 in 1830. The tiny tome contains three stories, and is one of five similar surviving volumes.

The Brontë Parsonage Museum is now asking for help to raise funds as the book goes under the hammer in Paris next month, set to sell for at least £650,000.

Actress Dame Judi Dench, president of the Brontë Society, is supporting the bid to ‘bring it back where it belongs’.

She said: ‘I have long been fascinated by the little books. These tiny manuscripts are like a magical doorway into the imaginary worlds they inhabited.’

–subham —


Written by london Swaminathan

Date: 24 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 16-

Post No. 7134

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

I had to attend two Deepa Avali (Lamps Row) functions yesterday; the first one was at the chapel of Northwick Park Hospital in Harrow area of greater London. We do weekly Hindu Bhajan at the chapel every Wednesday and so we did the Diwali (Deepa avali) event yesterday. About 100 patients, staff, volunteers and guests attended the event.

After the prayers, sweets were distributed. An outside Bhajan troupe and Hare Krishna temple priest did the prayers along with weekly volunteers Mrs Annapurani Panchanathan and Mr Balasubramanian.

Participants were very enthusiastic about the individual Aarti in the Damodhar Puja done by  Hare Krishna temple priest. Hindu Chaplain V. V. Swaminathan thanked everyone at the end.


Bob Blackmaan MP speaking

Inside British Parliament

Every year Hindu Forum of Britain celebrates the Deepavali on the terrace of the British Parliament. Anyone would appreciate the beautiful view of Thames River from the terrace , with colourful ferries running every minute.

Bob Blackman MP and the leader of the Hindu Parliamentary group and Lord Dholakia were the sponsors. Mr Blackman is known to every active Hindu in London. He visits at least nine Hindu temples on Deepavali day. Yesterday he joked in the meeting saying his Diwali begins in September and ends in December every year. He had to attend so many Diwali related events during this period.

While speaking Bob received big applause from the audience for supporting the Indian Government action in Kashmir. He praised the Indian government for giving equal law to every citizen of India. He condemned the planned Pro Pakistani rally towards High Commission of India on Deepavali day (27-10-2019). He told the audience that the government would take appropriate action to prevent any untoward incident.

(During last Pakistani Muslim demonstration, they attacked High Commission building. When Indian PM Modi visited two years ago, they burnt Indian National Flag along with Anti Indian Dravidians and Khalistanis, after everyone left the area).

Bob praised the Hindus for living peacefully without disturbing anyone. He warned the Hindu women to be careful on Diwali day while they visit temples. Lot of Gold Chain snatching incidents happen during that period.

Bob wished everyone Subha Diwali.

Lord Navnit Dolakia, Bob and HFB President Truptiben

Lord Dholakia mentioned about the 39 dead bodies that were found on the day and asked all the Hindus to pray for the departed souls (39 immigrants from East European countries died mysteriously in the frozen compartment of a lorry). He asked Hindus to come forward and take part in politics. He praised the law-abiding Hindus and said even inside the prisons we find very few Hindus where as Muslims occupy 25 percent.

Earlier President of the Hindu Forum Truptiben Patel welcomed the gathering and said the 2 percent Hindus in the country contribute a lot for the development of the country.

(My Comments– Every council in London has got lot of Muslim councillors; the current Mayor of London is of Pakistani origin. Hindus very rarely take part in politics. Most of the National Lottery funding goes to Christian and Muslim organisations. British Government also helps Christian charities which believe in conversions. Oxfam, Christian Aid and many proselytising organisations get government funding.  During Labour rule millions of Muslims were allowed to enter the country as refugees. Muslim chaplains in hospitals and prisons outnumber Christian chaplains. Most of the refugees support the Labour Party. Now they are numerically more. Every Muslim in Britain has got 4 to 16 children whereas Hindus have one or two children).

Another MP (Paul) speaking



From Sri Lanka
From Sri Rangam

COMPILED BY London Swaminathan

Date: 23 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 7-34 AM
Post No. 7129

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Foot prints of Gods and Saints are worshipped through out India. We see them from Himalayas to Sivanoli Padam/ Adam’s Peak in Sri Lanka even today. (I have given the links to my earlier articles on Foot prints at the end).

Dr R C Majumdar, historian and author of voluminous books on South East Asia, have given some interesting information about the foot prints of Lord Shiva and Vishnu in South East Asia.

Dr Majumdar says,

“The two oldest inscriptions of Funan are Vaishnavite in character. The first begins with an invocation to Vishnu and records the pious donations of Kula Prabhavati, the Chief Queen of Jaya Varman. She installed a golden image of god in Kurumbanagara, inhabited by Brahmanas and also built an ‘aaraama’ (a park with hermitage) with a tank and a dwelling house.

The next inscription records the consecration of a foot print of Vishnu called Chakra Tirtha Svamin by Guna Varman, probably a son of Jaya Varman and Kula Prabhavati.

The third inscription belonging to the reign of Rudravrman is too fragmentary to yield a complete sense. It begins with an invocation to Buddha and contains the eulogy of a Brahmana and his family.

Worship of Vishnu’s foot print is well known in India. But we also find mention of the foot print of Shiva being held equally sacred in Kambuja (Cambodia). We learn from a record that a pious Brahmana consecrated the representation of a foot of Shiva  and a cistern for the ablution of god , on the top of a hillock. In the Saka year 526 (604 CE), the representation of the divine foot was surrounded by a brick wall. A fine image of Shiva with Parvati, seated on the left thigh of the god, was installed in Saka year 535 (613 CE).

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7 Oct 2018 – Tamil and Vedas … காலமெனும் மணலிற் காலடி ‘Footprints on the … some of his most famous poems, including the Village Black Smith. … Manu and Longfellow: Great Men think Alike (Post No.4074)In …


Vallalar Ramalinga Swamikal’s Footwear.