India, That is Bharat! Why do we call India, Bharat?

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 9 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-08


Post No. 4142

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


India’s true name is Bharat. It is in Mahabharat. Indian constitution also begins with the words, India, that is  Bharat……………….”

This country is named after the greatest of the Indian kings  Emperor Bharat.

“All those born in this land before Bharata

All those born after, are called after this name”

–Mahabharata 1-69-49


Kalidasa’s most popular drama Sakuntalam is about Dushyana, Sakuntala and their child Bharata. He is known as Sarva Damana – all tamer. He could play with wild animals. Greatest of the modern Tamil poets Bharatiyar sings that Bharata played with little lion cubs.

We are all sons of Bharatavarsa- the country of Bharata.

Kalidasa says,

“He will be a sovereign of the World. Know this too.

Crossing the oceans in a chariot gliding smooth

he shall conquer and rule unopposed

the rich Earth with her seven continents;

named All Tamer here, because he subdues all creatures

by his strength, the future will see his name

proclaimed Bharata; He who bears the world


There are very interesting details about Bharata in the Vedic Brahmana literature.

“Sage Dirgatama consecrated King Bharata, son of Dusmanta, who conquered the earth and performed 133 Asvamedha sacrifices.” – Aitareya Brahmana


The Aitareya Brahmana gives more details about the coronation ceremonies of other kings. The names of the kings consecrated along with their priests who anointed them are mentioned.


In Greece, Egypt and Babylonia all the old kings are listed in the history of those countries. But in India, British people began our history with Asoka in third century BCE! We must change it and begin our history from 4000 BCE.


The Kings who ruled India, that is Bharat, are :

King Janamejaya – Tura Kavaneya consecrated him

King Saaryaataa – Cyaavana Bhaargava consecrated him

Sataaniika Satraajita – Soma Suusmaa consecrated him


Amvassthya – Paravata consecrated him


Yudhaamsrausti  Augrasenya- Narada consecrated him


Visvakarmaa Bhauvana – Kasyapa consecrated him

Sudaas Paijavana – Vasistha consecrated him

Marutta Aviksita – Samvarta Angirasa consecrated him

Anga – Udamanya consecrated him


Very clear history is in the Vedic literature. We have to rewrite our history before it is too late.

Sage Udamaya ,son of Atri, anointed king Anga and the latter made a gift of

10,000 elephants

10,000 maid servants, decorated with gold ornaments

Ten million cows

87,000 white stallions to the sage.


Satapata Brahmana (12-9-3-1 and 13) gives historical details of Vedic Kings:

Dustaritu Paumsayana (Srnjaya King) boasts that he inherited the kingdom through ten continuous generations. Aitareya Brahmana also refers to Dasapurusam Rajyam.

This shows that one kingdom had at least 350 year history (10X35 years). Before him many other kings  might have ruled that area.


Tamil Sangam literature which came into existence 2000 years ago says that the number of kings ruled this land is equal to the sand particles (Innumerable, uncountable). Even before 2000 years they knew that Bharat had thousands and thousands of kings.


The history of Three Tamil Sangams (Tamil Academy) also give the number of kings who ruled the Tamil Land. If we put all these data together we will get a picture of ancient Bharat.


Asvamedha Yajna

Brahmana books give the list of all the kings who did Asvamedha Yajna:-

Satapata Brahmana (13-5-4) gives a long list of kings:

Indrota Daivaapa Saunaka did Asvameda for Janamejaya Parikshit

Bhimasena, Ugrasena, Srutasena in his line also did Asvameda. They may be brothers of Parikshit or separate kings

Kosala (Kausalya) King Para Aaanaara, son of King Aaatnaara

King Purukutsa of Iksvaku race

Ayoga King Marutta Aviksita

Pancal aKing Kraivya

Matsya King Dhvasaa Dvaitavana

Bharata Dauhsyanti

—–all performed Asvamedha.

Bharata did use 78 steeds on the banks of Yamuna and 55 steeds on the banks of Ganga.

In total he used 133 horses and covered the whole country and brought it under his rule. That is why we call this country (India)  Bharat.

There is one Gaathaa (laudatory verse) for every king who did Asvameda.

One laudatory verse says that King Bharata used 1000 horses and no one could beat him.

King Rsaba Yajnatura of Siviknas and  Sona Saatrasaaha of Pancala also performed horse sacrifice.

King Dhrtarastra’s white horse was captured by King Saataniika Saatraajita.


So much detail about the kings and their kingdoms were given in the Brahmana literature dated 1000 BCE.


This is foreigners’ date. We think that they are all Pre Puranic Kings. We have 150 generations in the Puranas under Chandra and Surya vamsas.


So Vedic kings must have ruled the vast North India from Yamuna to Sarasvati before 3100 (Kaliyua beginning) BCE.

We must rewrite Indian History and start our history from 4000 BCE.

Moses is not a historical figure. So far they haven’t found any historical material to confirm his existence. But three religions  stand upon his shoulders!!!

My old articles on Yagas and Yajnas:-


List of Tamil Kings who performed Yagas and Yajnas -Post No. 3086In “Culture”

Why do Hindus say ‘Idam Na Mama’/ It is Not Mine? (Post No. 3309)In “Science & Religion”



Hindu Fire Ceremonies: 7 Paka Yajnas and 14 Srauta Yajnas (Post No.3310)In “Religion”

Interesting Titbits about Asvamedha Yajna- Part 1(Post No.3159)In “சமயம். தமிழ்”

Tamil King’s Rajasuya Yagna! (Post No.3084)In “Culture”


Asvamedha: New Explanation (Post No.3163)



400 Types of Yagas (Fire Ceremonies) | Tamil and Vedas

6 Mar 2014 – Kanchi Paramacharya Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswati Swamikal mentioned in one of his lectures that there are 400 different types of Yagas …



400 வகை யாகங்கள்: காஞ்சி பரமாசார்யார் ……/400வகையாகங்கள்

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6 Mar 2014 – 400 வகை யாகங்கள்காஞ்சி பரமாசார்யார் உரை. rudra baba. Sri Sathya Sai Baba in Ati Rudra Maha Yagna.

5 மஹா யக்ஞம், 14 ச்ரௌத யக்ஞம், 7 பாக …

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2 Nov 2016 – … கட்டுரையையும் படிக்கவும்:– 400 வகை யாகங்கள்காஞ்சி பரமாசார்யார் உர


தமிழ் மன்னர்கள் செய்த யாகங்கள்! (Post No.3085)







Aristophanes made fun of Socrates and Portrayed him a Mad Man! (Post No.4138)

Aristophanes made fun of Socrates and Portrayed him as a Mad Man! (Post No.4138)
Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 7 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 21-07


Post No. 4138

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Aristophanes was the greatest comic playwright of ancient Greece. His comedies are the earliest roots of the film, theatre and television comedies we enjoy today. Other ancient writers list 40 plays by Aristophanes; only 11 of these have survived to the present.


Very little is known about the life of Aristophanes. Born in the city of Athens, he started writing before he was 20. Aristophanes lived through a period of great political and social change. For 27 years, Athens fought a bitter war  against its archival , the city of Sparta. The eventual defeat of Athens  brought to an end  the greatest period of ancient Greek civilization  and was followed by a time of political instability during which Athens was ruled by dictators and corrupt governments. Aristophanes wrote plays about the changes he saw going around him.


Born in the city of Athens he started writing before he was 20.  Aristophanes lived through a period of great political and social change. For 27 years Athens fought a war against its arch rival Sparta. The eventual defeat of Athens brought to an end the greatest of ancient Greek civilization and was followed by a time of political instability during which Athens was ruled by dictators and corrupt governments.


Many of Aristophanes’ plays are satires. He criticizes political leaders by making them seem ridiculous; often the leaders are out witted by the hero of the play, who is portrayed as an ordinary citizen.

Aristophanes also made fun of people such as philosophers, teachers and lawyers, whom he felt corrupted society. Nobody was safe from his sharp words even the most respected figures of the time are made to look foolish.

In his play the great Greek Philosopher and teacher Socrates is portrayed as a mad man who has an evil influence on the young people of Athens.

He wrote The Frogs in 405 BCE.

Frogs, or The Frogs is one of Aristophanes’ greatest comedies and is justly celebrated for its wit and keen commentary on Athenian politics and society. It is the last surviving work of Old Comedy and is thus also notable for heralding a passing era of literature. While it is a comedy, it is also a trenchant political satire and expresses Aristophanes’ views on Athenian democracy and the value of poetry.


Born in 450 BCE

Died in 385 BCE

Age at death 65



The Acharnians

The Knights

The Clouds

The Wasps

The Peace

The Birds



The Frogs



Source: Who wrote What When? Reference Book

My old article:

 Aristophanes, Vashistha and the Frog Song in the Rig Veda ……

राजेंद्र गुप्ता Rajendra Gupta has left a new comment on your post “Aristophanes, Vashistha and the Frog Song in the R…”







Aeschylus was one of the greatest playwrights of ancient Greece. He is sometimes called the Father of Tragedy because he is said to have invented it as a form of theatre.

Little is known about Aeschylus’s life because he lived so long ago. Historians think that he was born at Eleusis near Athens. He made several trips to Sicily in Italy during his life time, and it is thought that he died there.

Aeschylus fought in two of the most famous battles of ancient history; the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE and the Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE. Both were desperate struggles in which the democratic Greek city-states defeated armies of powerful Persian empire, which was trying to conquer them.  experience of these events can be seen in his vivid writing about war and suffering.


in Aeschylus’ a time the theatre was an important of community life. Regular play writing competitions were held and the winners were highly regarded. Aeschylus first entered one of these competitions in 472 BCE with his lay The Persians, and he won first prize. Over the course of his career, Aeschylus is thought to have written more than 80 plays, 52 of which won first prizes. Unfortunately, only seven of them survived.

Aeschylus’s plays have strong political messages. he used myths or old stories to make moral points about the events that he saw going on around him. They were so powerfully written that they are still performed today, almost 2500 years later!

Born in 524 BCE

Died in 456 BCE

Age at death: 68


The Persians

Seven against Thebes

The Suppliants

Promethus Bound

Oresteia consisting of 3 plays:


The Libation Bearers




The Man Who Wrote 120 Plays! (Post No.4132)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 5 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-38


Post No. 4132

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Menander 100 Plays

Menander was a Greek comic dramatist. Though he was known only by reputation, some fragments of his plays were discovered in 1957 in Egyptian papyrus. he lived between 342 BCE and 291 BCE. His comedies with their wit and ingenuity of plot often cornering domestic intrigue, were adapted by Roman comic dramatists Plautus and Terence.


Menander was born in Athens. into a wealthy family. Scholars think that his father was a general and prominent politician. Menander probably got his enthusiasm for the theatre from his uncle Alexis, who was a friend of several playwrights.


Not much is known about Menander’s life, and very little of his writing has survived. He is remembered because other writers, particularly the Roman writers Terence and Plautus, based many of their plays on his. For centuries after his death Menander was the most popular of ancient Greek writers.


Drama had been an important part of Greek society for hundreds of years before Menander was born. Regular competitions were held to find the best play., and almost everybody attended drama festivals to see the entrants. The earliest dramas were tragedies. Later, comedy became more popular and writers such as Aristophanes wrote plays in a style known as Old Attic Comedy (attic came from the region Attica in Greece). Menander became the leading representative of a more sophisticated style known as New Attic Comedy.


Although he wrote over 100 plays, Menander won drama prizes only eight times! His comedy was much more subtle and clever than audiences were used to and was not popular with the ordinary public. Though the work of later imitators, however Menander became the inspiration for a style of European drama called comedy of manners, which has been popular since the 17th century.



Only one of Menander’s plays survives in a complete form: ‘The Bad Tempered Man’, performed about 317 BCE. Fragments of other plays have been found. Their titles include ‘Anger’, ‘Afraid of Noises’, ‘The Unpopular Man’ and ‘The Girl with her Hair Cut Short’.



Sophocles 120 Plays

Sophocles was one of the great playwrights of ancient Greece. He developed the art of tragic drama from the work of the first tragic playwright Aeschylus. Sophocles was born into a wealthy family at Colonus, near the city of Athens. He was well educated and mixed with some of the most powerful figures of his day.


Drama was an important part of ancient Athenian society. Plays were treated  as a kind of public political and religious discussion. Playwrights addressed important issues of the day by presenting stories from mythology that contained problems or dilemmas similar to the ones being faced by the city.


During Sophocles’ life time Athens fought a long and bitter war, called the Peloponnesian War, with its archival, the City of Sparta. Many of Sophocles plays reflect the patriotic mood of the Athenian people and later, their desire for peace. His play Antigone, which is about moral dilemmas faced by people in a war, so impressed the Athenians that they elected him to be a general in the army.


in 486 BCE Sophocles entered the most important Athenian drama competition of the year for the first time. Aeschylus, by then a well-established and respected figure, regularly won the competition, but amazingly the unknown Sophocles beat him to first place. The result caused great excitement in Athens. Sophocles over 120 plays in his life time and went to win the first prize 24 times. When he won for the first time he was only 27 years old. He is credited with having developed tragedy by introducing a third actor and scene painting and ranked with Aeschylus and Euripides as one of the three great tragedians. He lived at the time when Pericles ruled the City of Athens, a period of great prosperity.


In his tragedies, heroic determination leads directly to violence unless, as in Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus, it contains an element of resignation. Among his other works are a lost treatise on the chorus, and a large surviving fragment of one of his satyr-dramas, Ichneutai

Only seven of his plays survived to the present day.

Born 496 BCE

Died 406 BCE

Age at Death 90


450 BCE- Ajax

442 – Antigone

430 – Oedipus the King

420 – Women of Trachis

413 – Electra

409 – Philocteles


Published after he died

401 BCE – Oedipus at Colonus


Following anecdotes are from my old posts:

Sophocles (406 BCE) wrote tragedies to the end of his long life. On account of this zeal for writing he seemed to be neglecting his business affairs so his sons summoned him to court that a jury may pronounce him as incompetent to manage his estate on the ground of senility. Then the old man is said to have recited to his judges a play which he has just finished and had in his hands, the Oedipus at Colonous and to have asked whether the poem seemed the work of a man

In his dotage (old and weak period).  After his recitation he was freed by the vote of the jurors.



Words are more powerful than Swords!- Euripides


The power of pen is excellently illustrated by an incident in the war between the ancient Greeks and Romans. A group of Athenians were seized and held captive at Syracuse. To help pass the time they enacted many scenes from the plays of Euripides (480 BCE) . Their captors were so favourably impressed by the beauty of the verses that instead of treating their prisoners cruelly as was their custom, they persuaded them to continue their play acting and held them as their as honorary guests.


Upon their return to Athens, the former captives went to the home of Euripides and informed him of the effect of his plays upon the supposedly heartless men of Syracuse. So great was their gratitude toward the great dramatist they treated him as though he had actually rescued them in combat on the field of the battle.




Hindu Beliefs in Shakespeare: Moon, Eclipse, Ghosts (Post No.4096)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 19 July 2017

Time uploaded in London- 17-11

Post No. 4096

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


It is needless to say that Shakespeare was a great scholar, playwright and a poet. he must have read and heard about India a lot. He lived just 500 years ago and no wonder he knew about India and Hinduism; by that time lot of Europeans were travelling in different directions in search of wealth. We see several references to Hindu beliefs in his plays. Had he been an essayist he would have mentioned the sources; but he was only a playwright and his main aim was to satisfy the English audience.

I have been collecting such references from different sources; I have written about his reference to Nagaratna (Cobra gem) a few years ago. Now look at some more references about Moon, Eclipses and Ghosts.

Mr Crooke, in his book Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, has an interesting note on the moon:

“The moon has several special functions in relation to disease. Roots and simples collected by moonlight are more efficacious”. This is quite Shakespearian for Jessica says,


“n such a night Medea gathered the enchanted herbs

That did renew old Aeson “(The Merchant of Venice)

And Laertes speaks of the poison ‘collected from all simples that have virtue under the moon’ (Hamlet) .

Also very common is the belief that any disease contracted by  a man under the waning moon tends to diminish. Patients are often told to look at the moon reflected in butter or milk or water, and the cure will be effected. This is mostly done in the case of leprosy and similar diseases.

“In spite of all these advantages there is very little special worship of the Moon. When an image is erected to him it is usually associated with that of the Sun God. Moon worship is most popular in Bengal and Behar.”


My comments

I have already written about Moon’s effect on mind, why Hindus worship moon, Nagaratna and Vedic hymns linking Plants and Moon. Western biologists have not yet found out what Hindus already knew. Soma is used to denote Moon, Soma herb and moon in astrology.

Eclipses in Shakespeare

Until today Hindus are the only race in the world who take eclipses seriously.  They knew the bad and good effects of the eclipses. Any prayer done during eclipse is 100 times more effective. Any food eaten during or just before the eclipse will have bad effects. Such beliefs and special rituals like propitiating the departed souls do not exist in any other religion. They put Dharba grass in all the cooked foods to save it from the radiation. The reason is that not all the eclipses are bad. But they want the same rules for all eclipses so that people will remember to follow them.

Eclipses are believed to be of evil omen. Gloucester summarises admirably the Hindu belief in passage in King Lear (1-2)

“These late eclipses in the sun and pointed no good to us… love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide; in cities mutinies; in countries discord; in palaces treason; and the bond cracked ‘twixt son and father”.


Shakespeare said more than what Hindu scriptures said about the eclipses. Hindus will eat no food which has remained in the house during an eclipse, and all the earthen vessels which are in the house must be broken. During an eclipse, all the household business is suspended and eating and drinking prohibited. Even sleeping is forbidden. They bathe before and after the eclipse; use the time for prayers. Orthodox Hindus stand in the water and recite Gayatri mantra. Bathing during eclipse also cleanses from sin.


People born under particular stars wear special talisman, i.e., a palm leaf written with mantra is worn on forehead.

Though Hindus knew what causes eclipses and they calculated precisely and forecast the date and time, they told the laymen some stories. Ignorant people cant understand  astronomical calculations. They told the laymen that two planets (shadows) Rahu and Ketu are demons or snakes and they devour sun and moon.

Ghosts in Shakespeare

Foreigners have a big confusion about Hindu beliefs in ghosts. All the foreigners described Hindus as devil worshippers. Ignorant people like Dr Caldwell called all the Nadar community members as devil worshippers. Other foreigners described 90 percent Hindus are devil worshippers. This is because of their ignorance; they could not differentiate between the Asuras, Rakshasas, departed souls, Brahmarakshas (Brahmin ghosts), demon planets Rahu and Ketu and the actual ghosts (of people who died unnaturally in murders, suicides, accidents); apart from these some tribal beliefs about forests caves and hills (they are like Bermuda Triangles) and anything that cant be explained were classified as mysterious ghosts. Foreign writers classified all these as devil worships. Such beliefs exists in all parts of the world and in all cultures. Atharva Veda described even bacteria and Viruses as demons because the laymen won’t understand. Eclipsing planets such as Rahu and Ketu were described as demons but not ghosts


In King Lear, Shakespeare says,

:Unsepulchred they roamed and shrieked, each wandering ghost”.

The earliest Shakespeare in which Ghosts appear is Richard III. Richard is visited by the spirits of his victims in sleep.

In Hamlet, Horatio doubts the existence of ghosts that Barnardo and Marcellus claimed to have seen on two previous nights.

Horatio says that before Julius Caesar’s assassination,

“he sheeted dead

Did squeak and gibber in Roman streets”

In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare says, Brutus saw the apparition of murdered Caesar. He wondered whether it was some god or angel or devil.


This is definitely Hindu way of questioning.

In Macbeth Banquo’s ghost plays an important role.

In short all the important plays of Shakespeare have ghosts.

Monier William’s Ignorance:—

Rev, E Osborn Martin adds the epithet “bloody” for all the Hindu gods and goddesses: Shiva, Kali, Avatars of Vishnu and Ganesh! They are described in the chapter ‘Demon and Devil worship in India’ in his book ‘The Gods of India’.

Ignorant Sir Monier Williams writes, “the people worshipping a milkman who was killed by a tiger and he became devil”.

Sangam Tamil literature said that the heroes were worshipped after their death. If a person dies in an attack by a tiger or any animal when he tried to save the general public, Tamils erect Hero Stone for him and worship. Even today all the countries in the world erect memorials for their leaders and the visiting foreign dignitary must lay a wreath there. When some accidents happen people go to the spots and lay wreaths or flower bunches and light candles etc. Poor Monier Williams and his colleagues such as Caldwells would have described them as devil worship!


All the ladies who sacrificed their lives to save their honour or in Satee are worshipped! Ignorant foreigners called those devil worship. But they themselves erect war memorials in every nook and corner and ask Kings and Queens to lay flower wreaths every year. we can call them Devil worshippers!!


Sir Alfred Ryall declared that “every mysterious, gruesome looking dell, cavern, steep pass and wild and desolate hill top or ridge in Central India has its Deo (god), never seen of man, but felt by those who visit the spot – by shepherds and herdsmen camping out far amid the melancholy worlds or by travellers along the lonely tracks…. The whereabouts of the spirits is sometimes marked by a heap of stones, sometimes by rags tied to bush, occasionally by chains suspended mystically from a cliff or a tree; or the spirit wanders around a huge banyan tree or a ruined temple.


Mr Bowtring, in his Eastern Experiences (1871), described the Spirit Houses found in the Mysore Forests – little sheds built over the white ant hills and dedicated to the wood demons.

Captain Forsyth, writing about Berar, mentions that when the Gonds fell the wood on a hill side, they leave a little clump of trees to serve as a refuge for the spirit whom they have dislodged.

Westerners also believed in haunted buildings; every year newspaper articles about haunted places appear during Halloween times.

Sangam  age Tamils also believed that spirits occupy all the hills, water sources and trees. It is in Sangam literature. Those who don’t study both Tamil and Sanskrit literature blabber more than others. Hindus believed in ghosts but they are different from good spirits.

Tags: Shakespeare, Hindu Beliefs, Ghosts, Moon ,Eclipse, devil worship






A Vedic Story: How did the Cow get a Shiny Skin? (Post No.4068)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 10 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-20 am
Post No. 4068

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


There is a symbolic story in the Satapata Brahmana (3-1-2-16)

“That same skin which belongs to the cow was originally on man. The gods speak, ‘verily the cow supports everything here on earth; come, let us put on the cow that skin which is now on man; therewith she will be able to  endure rain and cold and heat’.

Accordingly having flayed man, they put that skin on the cow, and therewith now she endures rain and cold and heat. For man was indeed flayed; and hence wherever a stalk of grass or some other object cuts him, the blood trickles out. They then put that skin, the garment on him; and for this reason none but man wears a garment, it having been put on him as his skin. Hence also one should take care to be properly clad, so that he may be completely endued with his own skin. Hence also people like to see even an ugly person properly clad, since he is endued with his own skin. Let him then not be naked in the presence of a cow, for the cow knows that she wears his skin and runs away for fear lest he should take the sin from her. hence also cows draw fondly near to one who is properly clad”



Taittiriya Brahmana has the following passage:

“That a calf extorted a promise from certain sacrifices not to milk a cow within the first ten days after calving, and to let the calf suck for a fifth of the day after milking, and that for all time the promise has been honoured” (2-1-1-4)

Silence is observed when cows are milked.

My comments:

This story shows that the cow is the most sacred animal. It is needless to say that is the most useful animal. The cow is treated like a human being, particularly like a woman, who should be given all respect. Manu Smrti says that a woman must be respected, adorned and adored; if she is made to cry the family will be destroyed lock stock and barrel.

Probably they want us to understand that cows and human beings are same when it comes to giving respect. In Sangam Tamil literature and in the later devotional Tamil literature Brahmins and cows are treated equally.


This story can be interpreted in many ways. One should not misbehave in front of the cows or with the cows. One should also note that no other animal is dealt with in this way. Hindus gave respect to all animals  — Sanskrit and Tamil literature has stock phrase “from ant to elephant”—- the animals from plankton to whale should be fed and respected. Hindus do it in life every day. They do use flour to feed the ants when they draw kolams (rangoli) in front of their houses. It is a common decoration seen in front of all the houses in South India. This is part of Pancha Yajna (five sacrifices0 done by all orthodox Hindus.

Also read

How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Posted on  7 July 2017


Hindu’s Life according to Atharva Veda- Part 2 (Post No.4065)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 9 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 12-29
Post No. 4065

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



He was a man of importance in his village, and when he attended the assembly — which may have been a kind of Municipal Committee or Council his great ambition was to  command respect and attention aa a speaker, and with this view he fortified himself with charm and magic herb that inspired eloquence, and enabled him to overpower his opponents in debates.



His life on the whole somewhat monotonous and dull but it seems to have suited him as he was continually praying that it might be extended to its full natural duration of hundred years.



At the end of that time, with his sons and his son’s children around him, he was ready to pass away to the felicity  that  awaited him in the world of the Fathers



The small merchant or trader lived a less settled life and saw some of the world than the agriculturist. We see him on the point of starting on a journey for business purposes with his little stock of goods.


He first propitiates Indra who as a merchant also, the God who trades and traffics with his worshippers, requiring and receiving prayer and oblations in exchange for the blessings which he sends, and who will now free the travelling merchants from wild beasts, robbers, and enemies of every kind.



He prays also to many other deities that he may make a rich profit and gain a hundred treasures, and commits the care of his children and cattle in his absence to Agni, God of all men. His ritual is an extensive one and he may be about to journey to all points of the compass, and he must accordingly conciliate all the divine Warders of  heavenly regions He has  to recite some ten hymns of Book VI invoking the aid of all protecting deities, not forgetting to consult the Weather Prophet, and to obtain from him the promise of auspicious mornings, noons, and nights. He bids an affectionate farewell to the houses of his village, and departs on his way encouraged by the hymn which ensures him a safe and successful journey.


In due time he returns having bartered his wares for the treasurers of distant places, for bdellium and other fragrant gums and unguents, for Kushta and other foreign plants and drugs of healing virtue, for mother of  pearl, ornaments for the women, and perhaps cloth of finer wool.



The merchant’s object in life is gain, and he is not always very scrupulous in his dealings. 1f he is in debt he would prefer to be freed by the intervention of a god, and not by his own exertions; and he is bold enough even to pray for release from debts which he has incurred without intending to pay them. He is probably the gambler who prays for success in play and for pardon when he has been guilty of cheating”


My comments:


Griffith is imagining the worst thing and gives the reasons for using charms. It is like taking one bad word from a scripture and imagine everything bad about the community. He himself uses “probably” “intend” etc We can do this sort of trick to any book or scripture. Sangam Tamil poems have been divided into two groups : one dealing with family life and another dealing with war and public life. There lot of poms dealing with prostitutes in the family life section. If one goes by the number of such poems one will paint a very bad picture about Tamil community. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has umpteen chapters about bad qualities and virtues that which one should shun. I anyone takes only those couplets than one will think that the Tamils are bad. But it is not correct.  Unless one is involved in the culture one wouldn’t understand it. So it is dangerous to interpret it literally.

Foreigners interpret Vedas literally where they want to attribute bad meaning. If there are good things they hide it.  Same Atharva Veda has got very good and unique poems on motherland, earth, nature and Vedic gods. They project only the charms.


Most Beautiful Love Poem


A MAN’s LOVE CHARMS: There are seven hymns entitled, “A Man’s Love Charms”. They show that infant marriage did not prevail in Vedic times.


A Charm to win a Maiden’s Love. AV.VI. 8.

1.Like as the creeper throws her arms on every side around the tree,

So hold thou me in thine embrace that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


2.As when he mounts, the eagle strikes his pinions downward on the earth,

So do I strike thy spirit down that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


3.As in his rapid course the Sun encompasses the heaven and earth, So do I compass round thy mind that thou mayst be in love with me, my darling, never to depart.


There are many more love poems in the Atharva Veda.




How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 7 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 6-47 am    
Post No. 4059

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


The Aitareya Brahmana (4-3-17) explains how the cows got their hoofs and horns.


“The cows being desirous of obtaining hoofs and horns, held a sacrificial session.

in the tenth month of their sacrifice, they obtained hoofs and horns.

We have obtained fulfilment of that wish for which we underwent the initiation into the sacrificial rites.

Let us rise, the sacrifice being finished. When they arose they had horns. They however, thought, let us finish the year. and recommenced the session.

On account of their distrust their horns went off; and they consequently became hornless.


They continuing their sacrificial session, produced vigour. Thence after sacrificing for twelve months, and having secured all the sessions,  they arose again at the end. For they had produced the vigour to reproduce hoofs and horns. Thus the cows made themselves beloved by all the whole world and are beautified (decorated) by all. He who has such a knowledge, makes himself beloved by everyone, and is decorated by everyone”.


The symbolic meaning is very clear in this story. If some one leaves a job in the middle without reaching the goal, he loses his name and fame. Name and Fame are described as horns in Vishnu Sahasranama and Tamil literature (Komban= horned; Srnga = horn, Chatvari srnga:; Na Eka Srnga etc). Vishnu Sahasranama and Vedas describe the Indus Valley God (so called Pasupati seal) as Komban. We can see the horns on the figure.

Till this day, cows are decorated and worshipped, particularly on Krishna’s birth day (Janma Ashtami). Tamils decorate the cows and bulls on Maattu Pongal Day (Cattle Pongal is celebrated one day after Makarasankaranti/Pongal Day)


Foreigners’ Ignorance!

In primitive parts of Africa there are some folk tales such as how did the cheetah get its spots? How did the tiger get lines on its body? Why did the elephant’s hand is long like a snake? Why did the giraffe has a long neck? In India we have some stories in Ramayana that squirrel got three lines because of Rama’s touch, crow’s one eye was blind because Rama’s arrow pierced it etc.


In Vedic literature, we have some stories such as cow getting the hoof, horn and skin. But there is a big difference between these stories and primitive folk tales. Our Vedic stories are religious stories where as others are folk tales. They are not used in rituals. Our stories have been kept alive for thousands of years by word of mouth (now in writing). Our stories have symbolic meaning and that is the reason they are embedded in between other religious rituals. Folk tales are just folk tales, no other significance is attached to it.


Foreigners who did not understand the symbolic meaning compared them with the folk tales of primitive tribes. They couldn’t say why they are absent in Europe and other parts of the world. If Hindus have come to India from other parts of the world these cow stories must exist there; cows must be venerated as we do in India for thousands of years. The fact of the matter is, we went to various parts of the world and taught the value of cows and bulls. Those ignoramuses forgot all those good things and started eating cows and blunted their brains. They fought two world wars and killed millions of people. They called themselves ‘civilised’ but in heart they are ‘uncivilised!’


-The placard says Tamil land is our land; cattle is our God.



Importance of Cow in Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.4053)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 5 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 9-28 am
Post No. 4053

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


The cow occupies a unique position in Hinduism. Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa gives a graphic account of care and respect shown to a cow by the emperor Dilipa.

Hindus’ greatest contribution to the world civilization is cow and its products. When the world was drinking goat’s milk and camel’s milk and even donkey’s milk they discovered that the cow’s milk is the best in the world and it is as good as mother’s milk. No ancient literature praises or values cow’s milk as Hindu literature. From Rig Veda to Sangam Tamil literature we find innumerable references in praise of the cow.


There are very interesting words in Sanskrit from the cow:-


Love and affection shown towards calf by its mother cow. Oft quoted in the Vedas

Go loka

The heaven of Krishna is Go loka (cow’s world)


A daughter is called milk maid (duhitri)


clan; group


Women with divine love towards Krishna


All the saints are honoured with Milk and Honey. Hospitality is a unique Hindu concept. Rig Veda and Tamil Sangam book Purananuru have a lot of Danastutis, in praise of donation and hospitality. (English word donation comes from Sanskrit Dhaana).

Hosipitality is the rule of life among the Hindus. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has a chapter on it. Rig Veda praises it. Mahabharata has several stories in praise of hospitality. Panchatantra is full of quotations on hospitality. Guests were received with great ceremonies in ancient India. They must be given water to wash their feet and a seat to take rest. If they are unknown people, pial of the house was given to them to take rest and provided with full meals.


Hindus not only domesticated the cows and oxen, they worshipped them as gods and goddesses. Kamadhenu is the wish fulfilling cow. The picture and statues of Kamadhenu are in Hindu houses and temples.

Go puja and Gaja Puja (cow and elephant worship) are done in all the temples and religious Mutts. This has been going on for several thousand years without stopping. No animal in the world is worshipped continuously like this.

A word ‘Gohna’ is used for the guests. Foreigners translated it literally as Cow killer. They thought a cow was killed by the seer to feed another seer. The real meaning is that a cow’s products such as milk, butter, ghee, curd/yogurt, cow dung Go mutra (cow’s urine)– all are used in the service of the guests. Cow dung will be sprinkled with water in front of the house. Cow dung will be smeared in the oven to clean it. Cow’s urine is used to purify a place and a person.

Story of Cow’s creation

Satapata Brahmana (2-2-4-1) gives the story of Cow’s creation.

“Prajapati alone existed. He generated Agni (fire) from his mouth.

When they had sung praises, they went towards east saying, ‘We will go back thither! The gods came upon a cow which had sprung into existence. Looking up at them, she uttered the sound ‘hin’. The gods perceived that this was the ‘hin’ of the Saman (melodious sacrificial chant of Sama Veda); for heretofore their song was without ‘hin’, but after that it was the real Saman. (musical chant of Rig Vedic mantras; Hindus discovered the musical notes sa, ri, ga , ma pa, da ni – seven notes)


And as this same sound, ‘hin’ of the Saman, was in the cow, therefore the latter affords the means of subsistence; and so does he afford the means of subsistence whosoever thus knows the ‘hin’ of the Saman in the cow”.


“They said, ‘Auspicious indeed, is what we have produced here, who have produced the cow; for truly she is the sacrifice, and without her no sacrifice is performed; she is also the food. This word ‘go’ (Sanskrit word for cow; English word cow came from Sanskrit Go) then, is a name of those cows, and so it is of the sacrifice; let him therefore repeat it, saying , good, excellent! and verily, whosoever, , knowing this, repeats it, as it were saying good, excellent! with him those cows multiply, and the sacrifice will incline to him”.

Foreigners couldn’t understand this mantra. They took the word sacrifice and wrote that cow was sacrificed in the fire. But Hindus knew the correct  meaning: without cow’s products they cant run their life or do religious performance; Hindus use milk in birth and funeral ceremonies. Without Go mutra (cow’s urine), Ghee and milk no ceremony is done. They were great scientists to find that that Cow’s urine and Cow’s poo (cow dung) have got great curative and anti- bacterial properties.

Another story about cow is as follows:

Cow came from Prajapati’s Breath

Satapata Brahmana says ((7-5-2-6)

“Prajapati was alone at first. He desired, May I create food, may I be reproduced!. He fashioned animals from his vital airs, a man from his soul (mind), a horse from his eye, a cow from his breath, a sheep from his ear and a goat from his voice”.


Foreigners couldn’t understand the meaning of such mantras. Whenever and wherever they wanted they interpreted some words according to their whims and fancies; and the fact is no two foreigners agreed on the meaning, because they don’t know the real meaning. We can see this tend throughout the Vedic translations done by 20 to 25 authors. For them it was jigsaw puzzle game.


In the above mantras if they see a direction ‘North’, they will write “Look, they have come from North pole”. Here in the mantra the direction mentioned is east. Poor foreigners couldn’t say that Aryans came from the east. So they will keep quiet!





Sacred Cow in Satapata Brahmana (Post No.4050)

Cow attending Veda class

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 4 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-41 am
Post No. 4050

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Satapata Brahmana is one of the Brahmana books of Vedic period. Foreigners date it to 800 BCE to 1000 BCE. Hindus date it to thousands of years before that. Foreigners spread a false story that Hindus adopted vegetarianism only after Mahavira and Gautama Buddha appeared in India. Those stories are exploded by the Satapata Brahmana passage.

Cow photographed in Oldenburg ,Germany

Through out the Vedas cow and calf are used as the symbol of love and affection between a mother and her child. This is the oft used simile in the oldest portions of the Vedas. That shows that cow was equated to mother. Vaatsalyam is a Sanskrit word coined out of it (Vatsa=calf)


The biggest contribution of the Vedic Hindus to the world civilization are the DECIMAL SYSTEM and the COW’S MILK. In no other world literature, we come across such references or similes as we see in the Vedas. Until today the world has not found an alternative to the Decimal system and the Cow’s milk. These are used everyday. This shows at they are the oldest and highly advanced civilization. These type of concepts can evolve only after thousands of trial and error methods or experiments.

Here are some passages from the famous Satapata Brahmana (3-1-2-3):

“Let him not eat the flesh of either the cow or the ox; for the cow and the ox doubtless support everything on earth. The Gods spake: ‘Verily the cow and the ox support everything here; come let us bestow on the cow and the ox whatever vigour belonged to other species of animals; and, therefore, the cow and ox eat the most. Hence were one to eat the flesh of an ox or cow, there would be, as it were, an eating of everything, or, as it were, a going on to the end. Such a one, indeed, would be likely to be born again as a strange being, as one of whom there is evil report, such as, “He has expelled the embryo from a woman’ He has committed a sin; let him therefore, not eat the flesh of the cow and the ox”.

Most valuable fuel and manure– cow dung

Foreigners are so cunning and divisive that they quote from different sources (very old and the latest) to support their arguments. It may be from the latest books, which they would never mention. But if they see any good things, they will say that they are from the latest books. It was because of…………. They will bluff.


Atharva Veda talks about a huge geographical area from West Bengal to Iran. No ancient civilization had such a sway over a large region. When such things come they will say Atharvana Veda was the latest addition. How latest – no two scholars agree! They try to cramp the development of a huge civilization within a span of 200 to 400 years. It is not possible to any civilization even in the modern period.


Usefulness of the Cows:

Sale of Cow for the Soma plant

In Vedic times barter trade was practised. They exchanged cows for Soma herb. Here is a passage about it:

“He bargains for the King Soma; and, because he bargains for the king, therefore any and everything is vendible. He says,

Soma seller! is your King Soma for sale?

Soma seller: He is for sale

I will buy him from you.

Buy him

I will buy him of you for one sixteenth of the cow;

King Soma is surely worth more than that.

From the cow comes the fresh milk; from the boiled milk boiled milk comes ghee/butter cream, clotted curds, whey etc.

Soma seller: King Soma is worth more than that; but surely is the greatness of the cow

Adhvaryu Priest:-

Gold is yours;  a cloth is yours;  a milch cow, a pair of kine,  three other cows are thine.


They buy the Soma plant for a cow and then the cow is also taken back.

This type of conversation shows the importance of cow and they are shown as equal to mother and Soma plant.

Foreigners quote certain passages to show that a cow was sacrificed in the yaga; but there are also it is explained that a cow made up of dough or flour is sacrificed.


The very concept of sacrifice is uniquely Hindu. It shows that all you desire, all that you want, all you consider valuable are not yours—Idam Na Mama – it is not mine.


from this ritual ‘Idam na mama’ they take humans to a higher stage i.e. everything thing belongs to God – Isavaasyam Idam sarvam i.e.

Cow Puja at Kanchipuram

MANTRA ONE of Isavasya Upanishad


isavasyam idam sarvam

yat kinca jagatyam jagat

tena tyaktena bhunjitha

ma grdhah kasya svid dhanam


isa–by the Lord; avasyam–controlled; idam–this; sarvam–all; yat kinca— whatever; jagatyam–within the universe; jagat–all that is animate or inanimate; tena–by Him; tyaktena–set-apart quota; bhunjithah–you should accept; ma–do not; grdhah–endeavor to gain; kasya svit–of anyone else; dhanam–the wealth.




Everything animate or inanimate that is within the universe is controlled and owned by the Lord. One should therefore accept only those things necessary for himself, which are set aside as his quota, and one should not accept other things, knowing well to whom they belong. 


(This is the favourite hymn of Mahatma Gandhi)




Hinduism in Different Colour Capsules! (Post No.4034)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 28 June 2017
Time uploaded in London- 21-11
Post No. 4034

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Problems facing the Hindu society were discussed by the members of the Hindu Forum of Europe in its Annual General bod y meeting held in Lisbon (Portugal) on 23rd of June 2017. Sri Mahaprabhudasa, General Secretary, listed the burning issues facing the community:

1.Text Books on Hinduism in different countries give wrong information

2.Sufferings of Hindus in countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan etc

3.Hindu Forum Branches where it is not yet organised

4.Hinduism presented by different Hindu groups in public forums confuse everyone.


5.Earlier the Yoga presented by different groups was discussed ( I have already given it under “Yoga without Religion is dangerous”).


Sri Mahaprabhudasa pointed out that in any multi faith meeting, other religious speakers first tell their denomination he or she represents and then present their point of view from that angle. A catholic or a protestant clearly says : according to my faith…………… But Hindus from different groups or sects speak as if they represent the religion. It confuses our children and people belonging to other faiths.”

When I spoke on these points I dealt with only one issue in the above list, i.e. Hinduism presented by different groups:-

“The biggest strength of Hindusim is Diversity; the biggest weakness is also Diversity. We give complete freedom to follow our religion in different ways. But it is better to tell the people from which group they have come and then explain their point of view. Even in the earlier discussion we could not agree on a single method of Yogasana practice and each one supported a different method of Yoga and Asana. We need to tell the Hindu leaders to speak clearly in public forums.


Some of the members in private discussions told me the following points:

Texts books on Hinduisn gave lot of wrong information about Hinduism. Shiva Linga worship is misrepresented ( I pointed out that Kanchi Shankaracharya has spoken about it and explained that it represents God is formless. I have also written about it in my blog)

When the British Census was taken lot of people tod that they belong to this sect and that sect without saying that they are Hindus. Because of their ignorance and the ignorance of the census officers, they were not listed as Hindus. Since all those sects were not in the British census form they marked such Hindus as “other faiths”. As a result of which Hindu population was less than the actual figure. Now Hindu Forum of Britain is searching for a solution and one of them is to write Hindu -Swaminarayan, Hindu- hare Krishna sect etc. But it should be approved by both the government and the respective group. It is very important that Hindus unite on this issue and project them as one group.


My new comments on this:


Hinduism is presented in different colour capsules though the contents are the same. We all believe in rebirth, Karma theory, Symbol Aum and One god who can be worshipped in different ways and forms. But one cult or sect is criticising the other sect. This wont help any Hindu group in public forums.

Several years ago I met a young boy in a London hospital with worried face. I approached him and started the conversation deliberately so that I could help him. When I asked him for what health problem he had come to the hospital, he told me that he was hale and healthy and the reason he came to the hospital was for a job interview. I wished him all the best and continued the conversation. When I asked his name, the country of his origin, it was a Hindu name! Oh you are a Hindu like me, I said. He refuted me at once saying that he worships Lord Murugan (Hindu God Skanda). Smilingly I explained to him that my name also Murugan’s name and he is one of the main Hindu gods. But that young boy couldn’t digest it and he repeatedly told me that he was a Muruga worshipper and in Mauritius, where from he comes, only Muruga is worshipped as main god. I told him to go back to his parents for clarification on the matter I told him.

I knew the problem with youngsters like him. Hindus living in remote areas such as Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, South Africa are generations away from the Hindu mainland. Their names are “Non hinduized” or “dehinduized”. Many of them were taken by the British and French from the lower strata of the society and treated them as slaves. They lost or forgot their culture completely. When they were struggling for their survival as human beings, religion is relegated to the back. They don’t have good religious teachers or preachers who can attract youths. Whatever they have now as religion is the major festivals with bizarre local stories. Books on Hinduism written by the French and the English give distorted pictures. Hindus have an enormous task of supporting, educating and elevating those people. This is an internal problem, internal threat. Someone has to write proper, uniform text books with reasonable, simple explanation for the festivals, Siva Linga worship and umpteen other issues. Though thousands of Hindu cults, groups, sects, sub sects, Sath Sang groups, Ashrams, Yoga centres, Babas, Swamijis and Mutts exist, not many are bothered about uniting them under one banner. Each one is promoting his or her own organisation.


Even in Face book I see several people put several quotations in the name of Bhagavad Gita. Like Einstein is quoted in several hundred quotes which he never said, Lord Krishna’s name is dragged into several statements. I react to such posts immediately saying that ‘could you please give me the chapter and sloka number.?’ Then they keep quiet. So, we must first create awareness amongst our own people.