Women who could Compose Verses in Eight Languages in 24 Minutes! (Post.7663)

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Post No.7663

Date uploaded in London – 7 March 2020

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Women who could Compose Verses in Eight Languages in 24 Minutes! (Post.7663)

Ramabhadramba

Madhuravaani and Raamabhadraambaa were two great poets who were well versed in Telugu and Sanskrit.

We have already seen Madhuravani’s achievement sometime ago.

Raama bhadraambaa wrote a historical poem in twelve cantos called ‘Raghunaathaabhyudayam’, describing the political and military events that happened during the reign of Raghunatha Nayaka (1600-34). It is in Sanskrit. Apart from its literary merits, the poem is of very great source of Vijayanagara history. It is a contemporary account of the political revolution which hastened the disintegration and the downfall of the Rayas.

As a poetess she is in no way inferior to Madhuravani. Having chosen a historical theme for her poem, she could not give full play to her poetic fancy and imagination. That was not due to her want of ability, but to the limitation of the subject she had chosen. She has a great power of narration, and her descriptions of battle scenes are lovely. Her style is spontaneous and her verse flows smoothly like an unobstructed stream. Owing to her being adept in the rhetoric, her imagery is varied and original.

Two cantos of the poem describe the accomplishments of the ladies of the Thanjavur court, who could compose with facility verses in eight languages. Some of them could even expound the Vaiseshika philosophy and grammar.

Ramabhadramba herself was a shatalekhini, one who could compose one hundred verses in eight languages in a ‘ghatika’, about 24 minutes. Vijaya vilasam is another poem attributed to her.

RANGAJAMMA received Gold Shower

Rangajamma was the daughter of Paupuleti Venkatadri and Mangalamba. She was a consort of Vijayaraghava Nayaka 1633-1673,

She also was a shatalekhini, and her forte was erotic poetry, though she was skilled in Rajaniti, politics.

Her two Telugu poems are

Mannaarudasavilasam and

Ushaa parinayam

She also wrote the Ramayana saram and Bharata saram and a Yakshaghana play.

Usha parinayam is perhaps the greatest of her works and deserves a place among the great ‘prabandhas’ in the Telugu language. In composing her Yakshaghana, she followed the literary techniques of Vijayaraghava. Her style is simple and homely.

Vijayaraghava who was attracted by her charms and talents, spent most of his time in her company, and in appreciation of her versatility bathed her in a shower of gold, Kanakabisheka.

MUDDUPALANI

Muddupalani was a daughter of a courtesan in the harem of Pratapa sSmha, 1739-1763 of Thanjavur. The Bhonsle rulers of Thanjavur continued the literary and cultural traditions of the Nayaks, whom they supplanted. Like most of the courtesans in the court of Thanjavur, she was highly educated and was proficient in Sanskrit and Telugu. Her command over Telugu was commendable. She was an expert in dance and music; and her skill on the Vina won the admiration of her contemporaries. MUDDUPALANI, was above all, a poetess of great literary merit, and her works are still popular.

She is the authoress of two works

Radhika santwana or Ilavidya and the

Ashtapadi

The former, an erotic poem, describing the loves of Radhika and Krishna, is a work of uncommon literary excellence. Her diction and imagery are fine, her descriptions charming; and the style is simple, homely and graceful.

The Ashtapadi is a Telugu rendering of Jayadeva’s work of the same name. Competent music critics are of opinion that the translation is worthy of the original which gives us an insight into the great musical talents of the authoress.

source book – Great Women of India, Advaita Ashrama, Almora, Year 1953

Xxxx subham xxxxx

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