ஆணா பெண்ணா ? யார் நல்லவர்? பழமொழிக் கதை (Post No.4690)

Date: 1 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 8–11 am

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4690

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may not be related to the story. They are only representational.

 

 

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((நல்லவர்களை எப்படி அறியலாம்? பிறர் எழுதியதை, பிறர் எடுத்த படங்களை அவர்களுடைய பெயர்களுடன் வெளியிடுவார்கள். கெட்டவர்களை எப்படிக் கண்டுபிடிக்கலாம்? பிறர் எழுதியதை,அது வெளியான பிளாக், பத்திரிக்கை பெயர்களை நீக்கிவிட்டு , தங்களுடையது போல வெளியிடுவார்கள்; கெட்டவர்களைக் கண்டுபிடிப்பது மிகவும் எளிது))

‘ஆண் நல்லது, பெண் பொல்லாதது’ என்று ஒரு பழழொழி உண்டு. இதன் பின்னாலுள்ள கதையை, திராவிடப் பூர்வ கால கதைகள் என்ற புத்தகத்தில் நூறு ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன் நடேச சாஸ்திரி என்னும் பெரியார் தொகுத்து வைத்துள்ளார்; பழைய கால, பிராஹ்மண மொழியில் உள்ளதை நான் புதுக்கி வரைகிறேன்.

 

ஒரு ஊரில் ஒரு பிராஹ்மணர் இருந்தார். மிகவும் நல்லவர். ஊருக்கு வருவோருக்கெல்லாம் அக்கால வழக்கப்படி போஜனம் (சாப்பாடு) செய்துவிட்டுத்தான் உண்பார். அவருடைய மனைவியோ பொல்லாதவள். புருஷனுக்கே சோறு போட மறுப்பவள்.

 

அவள் ஒரு தந்திரம் வைத்திருந்தாள்; முதலில் புருஷன் சாப்பிட வந்த விருந்தாளியை திண்ணையில் உட்கார வைத்து விட்டுப் பக்கத்தில் உள்ள நதியில் குளித்துவிட்டு வருவது வழக்கம். அப்படிப் புருஷன் போன பின்னர் இந்தப் பெண்மணி (பெண் சனி) ரேழியில் (வராண்டாவில்) வந்து நின்று கொண்டு, “ஊர்ப் பயல்களுக்கு எல்லாம் நான் ஏன் சமைத்துக் கொட்ட வேண்டும். அதுதான் இந்த ஊரில் இது போன்ற சோற்றால் அடித்த பிண்டங்களுக்கு என்று சத்திரம் ஒன்றைக் கட்டி வைத்து இருக்கிறார்களே அங்கே போய்ச் சப்பிடக்கூடதா? இங்கு வந்து என் கழுத்தை ஏன் அறுக்கிறார்கள்; எனக்கோ உடம்பு சரியில்லை” என்பாள்.

 

இதைத் திண்ணையில் உடகார்ந்து கேட்டுக் கொண்டிருப்பவர்களில் பாதிப் பேர் ரோஷம், மானம், வெட்கம், சூடு, சொரணை இருந்தால் சாப்பிடாமல் போய் விடுவார்கள் கணவன் வந்து கேட்டால், ‘’அவருக்கு மிகவும் பசியாம்; ஆகையால் சத்திரத்தில் சாப்பிட்டுக் கொள்கிறேன் என்று போய்விட்டார்’’ என்பாள்; சிலர் என்னதான் திட்டு வாங்கினாலும் சாப்பிட்டுத்தான் போக வேண்டும் என்று உட்கார்ந்து சாப்பிடுவர்.

 

இப்படிக் காலம் போய்க் கொண்டிருந்தது. ஒரு நாள் ஒரு தேஜஸ் உள்ள ( முகப் பொலிவு) பிராஹ்மணர் வந்தார். அவரைத் திட்ட இப்பெண்மணிக்கு (பெண் சனி) மனம் வரவில்லை. வேறு ஒரு தந்திரம் செய்தாள். தனது வீட்டிலுள்ள இரும்புப் பூண் போடப்பட்ட உலக்கையை ரேழிக்குக் கொண்டு வந்தாள். பின்னர் திண்ணையில் உட்கார்ந்து இருந்த தேஜஸ்   மிக்க பிராஹ்மணனை அழைத்தாள்.

 

“சுவாமின்னு! இங்கே வாரும்! உமக்கு ஏதாவது கடைசி நிமிட பிரார்த்தனை இருந்தால் இப்போதே அதை ஜபித்து விடும்; இன்னும் சற்று நாழியில் உம் பிராணன் (உயிர்) போய் விடும்” என்றாள். அவரோ நடுநடுங்கி , “அம்மணி! என்ன விஷயம்? இப்படி யெல்லாம் பேசுகிறீர்கள்? என்றார்.

 

“அதுவல்ல, உம்மைப் போன்ற பிராஹ்மணர் யாராவது கிடைத்தால், நீங்கள்  சாப்பிடும்போது இந்த உலக்கையால்  என் கணவர் அடித்துக் கொன்றுவிடுவார். என் கணவர் ஒரு மாதிரியானவர்” என்றாள்.

அவர் பயந்துகொண்டு வெளியே நடந்தார்.

 

இதற்குள் ஆற்றில் குளிக்கப்போன அந்தப் பிராஹ்மணர் வந்தார். சாப்பிட வந்த பிராஹ்மணர், அவரைக் கண்டதும் வேகமாக நடக்கத் தொடங்கினார்.

 

உடனே, எதனால் சாப்பிட வந்த பிராஹ்மணர் இப்படி வேகமாகப் போகிறார்? என்று மனைவியிடம் கேட்டார்.

 

“ஓ, அதுவா? நான் பொறந்தாத்துலேயிருந்து கொண்டுவந்த இந்த உலக்கை தனக்கு வேண்டும் என்றார். நான் கொடுக்க முடியாது; இது பரம்பரைச் சொத்து என்றேன். கோபித்துக் கொண்டு சாப்பிடமாட்டேன் போ என்று வேகமாகப் போய்விட்டார்” – என்றாள்.

 

“அடக் கடவுளே! இந்த உலக்கை என்ன? உனக்கு தங்கத்தால் உலக்கை வாங்கித் தருகிறேன். அவரிடம் உலக்கையைக் கொடுத்து சாப்பிட அழைத்து வருவேன்; இல்லாவிடில் மஹா பாபம் வந்து சேரும் என்று உலக்கையுடன் ஓடினார். வேகமாக நடந்த பிராஹ்மணன் பின்னால் திரும்பிப் பார்த்துக்கொண்டே நடந்தார். இந்தப் பிராஹ்மணன்

இப்படி உலக்கையுடன் ஓடி வருவதைப் பார்த்தவுடன் ‘’அடப் பாவி கொலைகாரா, உன் மனைவி சொன்னது உண்மைதான்; என்னைக் கொல்லவா வருகிறாய்’’ என்று கூவிக்கொண்டே குதிங்கால் பிடரியில் அடிக்க ஓடிப் போனார்.

 

ஆண் நல்லது, பெண் பொல்லாது என்பதற்கு அவ்வையார் வாழ்க்கையிலும் ஒரு சம்பவம் உண்டு. அவரும் இப்படிப்பட்ட மனைவியுடன் வாழ்வதை விட சந்யாசம் மேற்கொள்வதே நல்லது என்றார். சாக்ரடீஸோ மனைவி நல்லவராக இருந்தால் கல்யாணம் செய்து கொண்டவன் அதிர்ஷ்டசாலி; கெட்டவளாக இருந்தால் கணவன், பிலாஸபராகலாம் PHILOSOPHER — தத்துவ ஞானியாகலாம் என்றார். சாணக்கியனோ பெண் கெட்டவள் என்று தெரிந்தால், கல்யாணம் செய்துகொள்ளாமலே வாழ்வது சாலச் சிறந்தது என்றார்.

கல்யாணம் கட்டாதே!

கெட்ட அரசன் ஆளும் நாட்டைவிட காடே மேல்;

கெட்ட நண்பனைவிட, நண்பனில்லாததே மேல்;

கெட்ட மாணவனை விட மாணவன் இல்லாதததே மேல்;

கெட்ட மனைவியைவிட மனைவி இல்லாததே மேல்.

 

வரம் ந ராஜ்யம் ந குராஜராஜ்யம் வரம் ந மித்ரம் ந குமித்ரமித்ரம்

வரம் ந சிஷ்யோ ந குசிஷ்யசிஷ்யோ வரம் ந தாரா குதார தாராஹா.

 

6-12

 

–சுபம்–

CHANAKYA ON WOMEN’S MIGHTY POWER!!! (Post No.4680)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan

Date: 30 JANUARY 2018

Time uploaded in London – 7-27 am

Post No. 4680

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

 

Chanakya, the great genius, who lived 2300 years ago in India had given his views on various topics and issues in addition to his monumental work Athashastra—the first Economics book in the world. Following are his comments on wife and women found in his didactic work Chanakyaniti.

 

One should accept nectar even from poison, gold even from filth, knowledge even from a lowly person and a jewel of a woman even from a lowly family

Chankaya niti, chapter 1, sloka/verse17

Vishaadapyamrutam graahyamedhyaadapi kaancanam

Niicaadapyuttamaam vidhyaam striiratnam dushkulaadapi

 

A Tamil poet in Purananuru says that the king would call for service one from the lowest of the four Varnas if he is more educated. Manu says that a person can learn from the lowest caste and treat him like Guru. He also says women can be married from any caste if they are good. Vasistha’s wife Arundhati is shown as an example.

 

 

Xxxx

Woman’s Sex Drive

 

The diet of a woman is twice, the intellect four times, the boldness/ courage six times, and sex drive eight times that of man

Chankaya niti, chapter 1, sloka/verse18

Aahaaro dwigunah striinaam buddhistaasaam chaturgunaa

Shatgunoadhyavasaayasca kaamascaashtagunah smrutah

 

Xxxx

 

Beauty of a Woman

The beauty of cuckoos is in their sweet cooing, that of women in their faithfulness and loyalty to their husbands, that of ugly ones in their knowledge and that of ascetics is in their forgiveness.

 

Chapter 3, sloka 6

Kokilaanaam swaro ruupam striinaam ruupam pativratam

Vidhyaa ruupam kuruupom kshamaa ruupam tapasvinaam

 

Ascetic’s anger wont last even for a moment because their nature is to forgive, says Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar.

Xxxx

 

Bell metal is cleansed with ashes, brass with acid, a woman with menstruation, and  a river with speed.

Chapter 6, sloka 3

 

Basmanaa sudhyate kaamsyam taamramamleena sudhyati

Rajasaa sudhyate narii nadhii vegena sudhyati

 

Xxxx

 

Woman on the move is wrong!

 

A king on the move gains respect, so do a Brahmin and a Yogi/saint, but a woman doing so comes to nought.

Chapter 6, sloka 4

Braman sampuujyaterajaa braman sampuujyate dwijah

Braman sampuujyate yogi strii bramantii vinasyati

Xxx

Wife’s sin goes to Husband!

 

The sin committed by the country goes to the king, that committed by the king goes to his priest, that committed by a woman goes to her husband and that pupil goes to his teacher.

Chapter 6, sloka 6

Raja raashtrakrutam paapam  raaknjah paapam purohitah

Bhartaa ca striikrutam  paapam sishyapaapam gurustathaa

 

Xxx

Don’t Marry!!!!

 

It is better not to have kingdom but not the kingdom of a bad king

 

It is better not to have a friend than to have a bad one

 

It is better not to have a student than to have a bad one

 

It is better not to have wife than to have a bad one.

 

Chapter 6, sloka 12

 

Varam na raajyam kuraajaraajyam varam na mitram na kumitra mitram

Varam na sihyo  na kushishyasishyo varam na daaraa  na kudaaradaaraah

 

xxxxxxxx

A Woman’s Strength!

The prowess of arms is the strength of king, that of  a Brahmin versed in the Veda is in knowledge of the Vedic lore  ,  beauty, sweetness and youth are the   unsurpassed strength of  women

 

Chapter 7, sloka 11

Baahuviiryam balam raaknjobraahmano brahmavid bhalii

Ruupayauvanamaadhuryam striinaam balamanuttamam

 

Source Book: Canakyaniti, Translated by Satya Vrat Shastri

xxx

 

UGLY GIRL IS OK- CHANAKYA (Post No.4640)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 20 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London 16-26

 

 

 

Post No. 4640

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

We all know why Chankaya conspired to throw the mighty Nanda dynasty. I already gave the story how he was insulted for being ugly. so no wonder Chanakya gives the following advice:

 

“A wise man should marry a girl of a good family, though she be ugly, and not the beautiful one (the daughter) of a lowly family. Marriage has to be in a matching family”-

chapter 1, sloka 14 of Chanakya Niti.

 

varayet kulajaam praaknjo virupaamapi kanyakaam

ruupavatiir wa niichasya vivaahah sadruse kule

 

xxx

in chapter 3, he says sukule yojayet kanyaam i.e one should marry a daughter in a good family

 

ONLY ONCE

Chanakya continues,”The kings speak but once, so do the learned men

Girls are given in marriage but once.

All these take place but once.”

sakrujjalpanti raajaanah sakrujjalpanti panditaah

sakrytkanyaah pradiiyante triinyetaani sakrut sakrut

chapter 4, sloka 11

 

xxx

 

A young woman for an old man is poison

vruddhasya tarunii visham- says in chapter 4.

xxx

 

WHO IS A GOOD WIFE?

Chanakya defines a good wife,

“That one is a good wife who is pure, efficient, devoted to husband, liked by him and is truthful”.

saa bhaaryaa yaa suchirdakshaa saa bhaaryaa yaa pativrata

saa bharyaa yaa patipriitaa saa bharyaa satyavaadinii

chapter 4, sloka 13

 

xxx

If couple don’t quarrel, fortune comes!

 

“Where the fools are not adored,

where there is a good store of food grains,

where the couples do not quarrel,

fortune comes there herself”

muurkhaa yatra na puujyante dhaanyam yatra susanchitam

dampatyooh kalaho naasti tatra sriih svayamaagataa

chapter 3, sloka 21.

 

xxx

WIFE OF A FRIEND= MOTHER!

The wife of the king, the wife of the teacher, the wife of a friend, the mother of the wife (the mother in law), and one’s own mother are said to be mothers

Chanakya Niti, chapter 4, sloka 2o

 

xxx SUBHAM xxx

 

 

WOMAN AND YOGI- CHANAKYA (Post No.4624)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London  8-50 am

 

 

 

Post No. 4624

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

 

 

The same object appears in three different forms as it is viewed. The female body appears corpse to Yogins (saints), a charming figure to the love-stricken and just flesh to dogs- says Chanakya in his Niti sastra.

 

eka eva padaarthastu tridhaa bhavati diikshitah

kunapaha kaaminii maamsam yoogibhih kaamibhihsvabhih

–chanakya niti, chapter 14, sloka 16

 

 

My comments

Chankaya has explained it beautifully well; let us explore it further.

 

If a young and beautiful lady sits with her brother, he gets some affectionate thoughts. Oh, how lucky I am to get such a lovely girl as my sister; she should be married in a good family and live happily.

 

If a youth sits with her or nearby her in the bus, he gets amorous feelings; Oh, how much happy I would be if I get this girl as my wife.

 

If a very little baby sits next to her, it even hugs that girl as if it hugs its own mother; it gets the feeling of bond between a mother and a baby- the supreme form of love; each expecting nothing from the other except love and protection.

 

Now where is pleasure coming from? is it from the beautiful skin of that youthful young girl? or is it from the mind of the person sitting next to that beautiful girl?

 

Saints say that the flesh of a person or the skin of a person is not the source of permanent pleasure. If it is the source of permanent pleasure it should do that with the brother, youth, child, saint and others for ever. It is not permanent. So the saints say, “ when I can show you that which gives you permanent pleasure, bliss, Ananda to everyone, why do you still go to other sources?”

 

Chanakya said it in two lines; saints give long lectures to illustrate this point.

 

Saints give another example as well; a dog chews the bone of another animal and the sharp ends of the bone pricks dog’s mouth and makes the blood to ooze out; the dog finds it very tasty and thinks that the blood comes from the bone and bites it more vigorously. Is it a wise dog or a foolish one?

 

But saints never advise all to become saints in the first place. They say, Go and Enjoy temporary pleasure in the family life, but remember and realise that it is not permanent!

 

–Subham–

‘Women can keep One Secret’- Voltaire (Post No.4592)

 

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 7 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 16-59

 

 

 

Post No. 4592

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

SECRET QUOTATIONS ABOUT HINDU SECRET

You may find the title a bit puzzling. The reason I chose this title for the essay is no quotes are available from Hindus sources in the quotations websites. But the most interesting about secret is that it is in the oldest book in the world- The Rig Veda. Later we find this word in hundreds of places in Hindu books both in Sanskrit and Tamil. I will give some quotes below; please don’t keep them secret; let it spread to blogs and websites as well!

The Rig Veda has the word secret in the second Mandala (chapter):

Raha- suu

The meaning given in the Vedic index is ‘bearing in secret’. It is in RV 2-29-1

It is a hymn to Visvedevas

“Upholders of the Law, ye strong Adityas, remove my sin like her who bears in secret.

You, Varuna, Mitra and all gods who listen, I call to help me , I who know your goodness”

 

Bearing in secret is a term applied to an unmarried mother according to Vedic index.

 

xxx

The second reference about secret itself is secretive!

Rahasyu Deva-malimlue

is the name, in the Pachavimsa Brahmana (14-4-7), of a mythical person who at Munimarana slew the saintly Vaikhanases.

 

We don’t know much about the mythical person and the motive behind the murder. A typical secret story!

We have lot of references in the epics.

But the oft quoted Bhagavd Gita has a secret.

Lord Krishna says

“This same ancient Yoga has been today declared to thee by me; for thou art my devotee and my friend; and this is the Supreme Secret (rahasyam uttamam)

 

In most of the old Hindu scriptures they used the word Rahasyam (secret) for Veda and Upanishads.

Tamils are very clever that they translated the Veda (knowledge) it self Secret (Marai in Tamil); they knew very well that Vedas are not to be taken literal but understood through the hidden meaning!

xxx

 

Secret in Manu Smrti

The oldest law book in the world is Manu Smrti (older than the Hammurabi’s code). It used the word secret to denote Upanishads,the philosophical treatises of the Hindus.

Here are some quotes:

उपनीय तु यः शिष्यं वेदमध्यापयेद् द्विजः ।

च्/ सकल्पं सरहस्यं च तमाचार्यं प्रचक्षते

  1. They call that twice born who initiates a pupil and teaches him the Veda together with the Kalpa and the Rahasyas, the teacher (akarya, of the latter).

Rahsyas= Upanishads  Manu 2-140

 

तपोविशेषैर्विविधैर्व्रतैश्च विधिचोदितैः ।

वेदः कृत्स्नोऽधिगन्तव्यः सरहस्यो द्विजन्मना 2-165

  1. A twice born man must study the whole Veda together with the Rahasyas, performing at the same time various kinds of austerities and the vows prescribed by the rules (of the Veda).

rahasya= Upanishads

twice born = Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya in the Vedic age; later only Brahmins

 

  1. The initial triliteral Brahman on which the threefold (sacred science) is based, is another triple Veda which must be kept secret; he who knows that, (is called) learned in the Veda.11-266
  2. Thus the acts which secure supreme bliss have been exactly and fully described; (now) the secret portion of these Institutes, proclaimed by Manu, will be taught.12-107
  3. Thus did that worshipful deity disclose to me, through a desire of benefiting mankind, this whole most excellent secret of the sacred law.12-117

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SECRET in Later Literature

 

In the literature, the word used with the modern meaning, like we use it today

 

Chanakya Niti (3rd Century BCE):

One should not trust a bad friend, nor should repose too much of trust (even in good) friend lest the friend in a fit of rage were to lay bare all the secrets.

Chapter 2, Verse 6

 

na visvaset kumitre ca mitre caatiwa visvaset

kadaacit kupitamitram sarvam guhyaam prakaasayet

 

Never reveal Your Plans/ Ideas

 

One should not reveal through words (talk about) an action one has in mind. One should keep it secret in his counsel and apply it to one’s mission.

Chapter 2, verse 7

 

manasaa chintitam kaaryam vachasaa na prakaasayet

mantrena rakshayet guudam kaarye chaapi niyojayet.

 

Some of his instructions are valid even today.

Source for slokas: Chanakya Niti, translated by Satya Vrat Shastri, Kolkata.

 

Author’s name Chanakya alias Kautilya

 

xxx

 

WOMEN AND SECRET

 

Secret in Epics, Kalidasa, Panchatantra

 

A man should never disclose a secret to a woman if he longs for prosperity- Vishnusharman in Panchatantra Book3,97 (also in Katha Sarit Sagara)

 

This is repeated by all the English authors like Shakespeare and Tamil authors like Kamban and Vivekachudamani etc.

 

 

Constant you are, but yet a woman; and for secrecy, no lady closer; for I well believe thou wilt not utter what thou dost not know.

Shakespeare.

 

 

There is a secret drawer in every woman’s heart.

Victor Hugo.

 

  A woman can keep one secret,—the secret of her age.

Voltaire.

 

 

A man can keep another person’s secret better than his own; a woman, on the contrary, keeps her secret though she blabs all others.

La Bruyère.

 

 

xxx

He cannot keep a secret longer than the morning des drops on the grass- Kalidasa in Vikrama Uvasiiyam Act 2

 

Good is the secrecy of a secret, its revelation is not to be praised

–Jataka Tales VI, Book 22, No546

 

One should not disclose secrets to everyone; one should reveal some only to one’s wife, some to one’s friend and some to one’s son, for they cannot be trusted- Vishnusarma in Panchatantra Book 1

 

 

Whoever divulges secrets should be torn to pieces- Arthasastra of Chanakya/Kautilya Book 1 Chapter 15

 

It is always difficult to keep secrecy counsels secret when many are concerned.—Vyasa in Mahabharata, Shanti Parva

 

This is also repeated by umpteen English writers. Anything concerning two or more people is not at all a secret.

 

SECRET IN TAMIL

 

Ancient Tamil literature also has many quotations on Secret:-

 

Tamil Veda Tirukkural of Tiruvalluvar says,

 

“The mean are like the drum that is beaten, for they hear secrets and betray them” (Kural/ Couplet 1076)

 

Another translation of the same Tamil couplet is as follows:

 

“Like a tom-tom, the base ones will broadcast

Whatever information they come by”

 

The Bible  also has a parallel quotation:

A gossip gives away secrets,

But a trusty man keeps his own counsel (Proverbs 11,13)

 

xxx

Pazamozi Nanuru is another Tamil didactic work which has few quotations:-

 

Telling a secret to base one is like placing cotton on the top of a palmyrah tree. (It will be blown into all directions easily)

 

We may compare it with What Khalil Gibran said:

 

Kahlil Gibran — ‘If you reveal your secrets to the wind, you should not blame the wind forrevealing them to the trees.’

 

The same book says,

The wise ones never tell a secret to mean minded people.

 

There are hundreds of proverbs in Indian languages. I have to deal with it separately.

 

–Subham–

 

True Story of Padmavati (Rani Padmini) Post No.4523

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 20 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  16-54

 

 

Post No. 4523

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

After the controversy about the film Padmavati on Chittoor Rani Padmini, lot of people are reading Indian history again. Here is what they taught us when we were in school; this is the true story; Story as depicted in film Padmavati is wrong.

 

I give below the excerpts from a text book (published in 1956):-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

SEVEN TYPES OF HINDU BATH, SHOWER ( Post No.4494)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 14 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  20-56

 

 

Post No. 4494

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

Hindus take at least one bath every day. Those who live in villages, particularly on the banks of rivers, take two baths every day. Orthodox Hindus don’t do anything before a shower. Hindus are supposed to wash themselves every day ad wear washed clothes. They must use only dry clothes during religious ceremonies. Wet clothes are worn for certain ceremonies when one is bereaved.

 

There are at least seven types of baths or bathing methods according to Hindu scriptures. Some people divide them into five categories. Let me the give the list of seven types:

 

1.Vaarunam

This is the normal, full shower in a tank or a river or in the bath room. That is the head to foot wash. Hindu women don’t wash their hair every day, but men do wash head to foot.

2.Paarthiva Snanam

This is mud bath, but with proper mantras. Smearing with the clean mud on the whole body. There is a mantra beginning, ‘Mrthike haname Papam’.

3.Aagneyam

This is smearing the body with the ash that comes out of the Agni Hotra Kunda (fire altar). This is like Vibhuti (holy ash) bath.

4.Vaayavyam

Dust from the cattle shed where cows are kept in clean condition. All products from the cow including the urine, cow dung, milk are used by the Hindus. Scientifically they are proved to have anti-bacterial quality. The dust from hoofs of the cow are smeared on the body with Go Savitri mantras. This is called Vayavyam bath.

5.Divya Snanam

This is a rare one. When there is sun light and rain , one bathes  oneself in the rain. Particularly when it is Uttarayana (sun’s northward journey for six months when the Northern Hemisphere is having summer).

6.Mantra Snanam

Brahmins do it when they could not take a full shower. They recite the mantra “Apohistaa Mayo Bhuvah…..’ and sprinkle water on the head, chest and feet. This mantra is known to every Brahmin because it is part of their thrice a day Sandhyavandanam ceremony. In the olden days men from three castes — Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaisya were doing Sandhyavandan every day.

7.Maanasam

If there is no water available or if one is not in a position to take a shower, one takes a shower mentally. One imagines the Lord Vishnu or Sun God with conch and wheel in hands and think that the holy Ganges flows through the body from head to foot. One must also imagine that the dirt in the body and mind are washed away.

Apart from these seven types, another bath or snanam is known as Panchanga (five body parts) Snanam, because one washes five parts: two hands, two feet and face.

Sponge bath is also approved in Hinduism; it is called Kaapila Snanam, where one wipes the body with a wet cloth.

Another approved bath is marking the body with any religious symbols in 12 places. It may be Vaishnavite or Saivaite symbols.

 

It is very interesting to see the mud bath, sponge bath and other baths are practised in India from the olden days.

 

Another interesting fact is that Hindus bathe the gods and goddesses. It is called Abisheka. It is unique to Hindus. They bathe the gods with milk, honey, tender coconut water, rose water, sandal and Vibhuti (holy ash) and Kunkum.

 

–Subham–

 

FACEBOOK LIKES! NEW YEAR RESOLUTION! (Post No.4474)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 9 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  8-29 am

 

 

Post No. 4474

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 
“BEGGAR THAT I AM, I AM EVEN POOR IN THANKS” ( SHAKESPEARE IN HAMLET).

 

Every year I make a new year resolution; but before the ink is dry it is thrown into dustbin. Why?

I thought big of me. I thought of becoming a Shankaracharya or a Baba or a Swamiji. I took a resolution not to feel angry or hate anyone. Was it possible? No. Some people did great injustice to me in my work spots though I did all the good things to them. So till this day I hate them. I can never win in such resolutions!

So, this year I am going to take a new year resolution which is possible and practicable (?!?!?!).

London swaminathan’s name in Guinness Book of Recordss! How?

I learnt a lesson from my father. He was Mr V Santanam, News Editor of Dinamani (Indian Express Group of Newspapers), Madurai. Everyday people used to come to our house or his office to give news items. He used to read them and smile. He would never say YES or NO to the bringer of those news items. But they would request my dad to publish the item the very next day, in a prominent place in the newspaper with BIG headlines.

 

I used to wonder why he smile like this. Some of the items attracted my attention as well. One day when I read one of those news items I laughed loudly. And made some comments in front of my father.

“Fools! Idiots! Ganges- Vaigai River Link Association (!!!) meeting; resolution number 1 etc. These people did not even know geography. No one could even find a solution to link the rivers Narmada, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri, leave alone Vaigai! there is a big Deccan plateau in between!”

 

My father was a man of few words. But on that day, he interrupted me to say, ‘An association can live long only when there is some unachievable goal. The man who brought the item is Gulam Bhai, a good soul; he runs seven organisations including ‘Kashmr is ours Association’, ‘Madurai pedestrians Association’  , ‘Cyclists Association’ and this ‘Ganaga- Vaigai Association’. He continued…………

 

I learnt a lesson from him. Never set an unachievable goal if you want to reach the goal. So this year I decided to think small and set an achievable goal! What is it?

I must enter the Guinness Book of Records in 2018 under the category of the man who put most likes in Facebook in 2018.

 

Please don’t compete with me in this category!

 

You may wonder why I chose FACEBOOK LIKES for this year. Very often I see women’s posts or women’s pictures get most likes. Good and original ideas get less likes. Don’t think that I am frustrated because I don’t get many likes. I know the difficulties. When you have 5000 friends and you put likes to someone or a few, those people will ‘haunt’ you whenever you open the Facebook page! Moreover I get 6000 hits every day to my blogs and most of them come from my Facebook friends. But I still wonder why do they have this new disease of clicking LIKES only for WOMEN!

Let me stop there and give you the second reason for choosing Facebook Likes this year.

 

While I was reading Shakespeare, I came across three beautiful quotations: –

 
‘BEGGAR THAT I AM, I AM EVEN POOR IN THANKS ‘(HAMLET).

‘HOW SHARPER THAN A SERPENT’S TOOTH IT IS TO HAVE A THANKLESS CHILD’ (KING LEAR).

‘I THANK YOU FOR YOUR VOICES, THANK YOU, YOUR MOST SWEET VOICES’ (CORIOLANUS)

 

 

I was most attracted by the first quotation.

Why should I be a beggar in thanking people? So let me click as many likes as possible in the new year. But I am restraining myself with a big condition—This may even place hurdles in my goal of entering Guinness Book of Records. The BIG condition is,

“I should not put likes to any Tom, Dick and Harry posts. It must have good messages, original thoughts, not recycled You Tube materials, neither political support nor hatred towards something!”

 

Let me see whether I can win by putting LIKE only to good and original ones.

Hey,

Why don’t you also place likes or tick likes when you see something GOOD, POSITIVE and ORGINAL in the new year?

 

Long live Facebook! Long, Longer, Longest live LIKES!

 

–SUBHAM-

 

 

 

MARRIAGE – TWO OPPOSSING TAMIL VIEWS (Post No.4462)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 5 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  7–49 am

 

 

Post No. 4462

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

(Tamil Joke: Husband:While I read my love letters now which i sent you before marriage, i feel they were nonsense/rubbish; Wife: Oh, for me they looked nonsense/rubbish even before marriage!)

Manu in his Manava Dhrama Shastra and Tiru Valluvar in his Tamil Veda Tirukkural support marriage; but Jain Munis who composed several hundred poems in Tamil in Naladiyar and Pazamozi had different views. Dr G U Pope, Christian priest and Tamil scholar, Father Constantine Beschi, Jesuit priest from Italy and a Tamil scholar had compared several couplets in Tirukkural and Manu’s Law book. Dr G U Popes puts forth several arguments in his translation of Tirukkural, published in 1886, to prove that Tiruvalluvar, author of Tirukkural was not a Jain. One of the arguments is about marriage.

 

Tiruvalluvar, an ardent Hindu supports marrying. Dr G U Pope compared couplet 41 with Manu’s 3-78 and showed Naladiyar, the poems of Jains were opposed to marriage.

 

We know the views of the Greek philosopher Socrates:

“By all means marry; if you get good wife, you will become happy; if you get a bad one, you will become a philosopher.”

 

Tamil poet Valluvar says,

He is the true householder who helps the three orders of the virtuous (Brahmachari, Vanaprastan, Sanyasin) in their home life is the fruit of love begotten by a harmonious, right path of life.

 

Even before Valluvar, Manu said the same in Sanskrit:

“3.78. Because men of the three (other) orders are daily supported by the householder with (gifts of) sacred knowledge and food, therefore (the order of) householders is the most excellent order (Manu).”

Marriage is throwing Stones at you!

Naladiyar, the didactic book has 400 verses composed by Jain saints of Tamil Nadu who were great Tamil scholars. Here are two poems opposing marriage:

“Since it is a hard thing for a husband to reject his wife though she may neither have borne children nor have a good disposition, the wise have, on account of the misery entailed by matrimony, called it a thing to be eschewed – Naladiyar verse 56.

“Though one is advised to eschew marriage, he eschews it not; though the sound of death-drum pierces his ear , he heeds it not. He moreover takes in another wife and indulges in the delusion of matrimonial pleasures. These the wise say ‘ like one stoning himself’ “- Naladiyar 364

 

‘to be or not to be’ is up to you!

–subham–

 

 

பெண்ணின் மனம்: ரிக் வேதம், ஷேக்ஸ்பியர், தமிழ் பாட்டு ஒப்பீடு (Post No.4220)

Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 17 September 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 6-56 am

 

Post No. 4220

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

 

பெண்களை தாயார் ஸ்தானத்தில் வைக்கும்போது அவர்களை இந்து மதம் புகழ்வது போல வேறு எந்த மதமும் புகழ்வதில்லை; தமிழ் சம்ஸ்கிருத நூல்களில் கண்டது போல வேறு எங்கும் கண்டதில்லை. மனு தர்ம சாஸ்திரமோ பெண்களை உச்சானிக்  கொம்பில் வைத்து போற்றுகிறது. அவர்கள் அழுதால் அந்தக் குடும்பம் அல்லது அதற்குக்  காரணமானவர் வேருடன் சாய்வர் என்று எச்சரிக்கிறார் மனு. பெண்களுக்கு நகை நட்டுகளை வாங்கிக் கொடுத்து அவர்களை எப்போதும் மகிழ்ச்சிக் கடலில் மிதக்க வைக்க வேண்டும் என்றும் உலகிற்கு புத்திமதி சொல்கிறார். சுத்த மான இடங்கள் எவை என்பதை பட்டியலிடுகையில் பெண்களின் வாய் எப்போதும் சுத்தமானது என்றும் சொல்லுகிறார் மனு (எனது பழைய கட்டுரைகளில் ஸ்லோக எண்களுடன்  மேல் விவரம் காண்க)

 

மேல் நாட்டு இலக்கியங்களில் பெண்களின் அழகை வருணிப்பர்; அவர்களைத் தூற்றுவர். ஆங்கில  மஹா கவி ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் நாடக வசனங்களிலும் இதைக் காணலாம்; கம்பனிலும் இதைக் காணலாம். நீதி வெண்பாவிலும் இதைக் காணலாம்; திருக்குறளிலும் இதைப் படிக்கலாம்.

 

ஆனால் தாய், சஹோதரி என்ற நிலையில் நாம் புகழ்வோம்; மேல்நாட்டு இலக்கியங்களில் அப்படி இல்லை!

 

அதிகம் கேட்டிராத நீதி வெண்பாப் பாடலைப் பார்ப்போம்:

 

அத்தி மலரும் அருங்காக்கை வெண்ணிறமுங்

கத்து புனல் மீன் பதமுங் கண்டாலும் — பித்தரே

கானார் தெரியற் கடவுளருங் காண்பரோ

மானார் விழியார் மனம்.

 

பொருள்:

பித்தரே= பெண் மயக்கம் கொண்ட பித்தர்களே; பைத்தியக்காரர்களே!

 

அரு = பார்ப்பதற்கு அருமையான

அத்தி மலரும் = அத்திப் பூவும்

காக்கை வெண்ணிறமும் = காக்கையின் வெள்ளை நிறமும்

கத்து புனல் மீன் பதமும் = ஒலிக்கின்ற கடலில் உள்ள பெரு மீன்களின் கால்களும்

கண்டாலும் = ஒருக்கால் பார்க்க இயன்றாலும்

(பெண்களின் மன நிலையை நம்மால் காண/ அறிய முடியாது)

(நாம் மட்டும் அல்ல)

கான் ஆர் தெரியல் கடவுளரும் = மணம் பொருந்திய மாலைகளை உடைய தேவரும்

மான் ஆர் விழியார் மனம் = மான் பார்வை போலும் மருண்ட கண்களை உடைய அப்பெ ண்களின் நெஞ்சத்தைக் காண்பரோ = காண்பார்களோ?

(அவர்களும் காண மாட்டார்)

 

ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் என்ன சொல்கிறார்?

புலியின் இதயம், பெண்ணின் அழகிய தோலுக்குள் மறைந்திருக்கிறது

ஹென்ரி 6- பகுதி 3

Oh tiger’s heart wrapped in a woman’s hide – York

Henry VI Part 3

 

ஒரு விலைமாது போல சொற்களால் என் இதயத்தைத் திறந்து காட்டுவேன்– ஹாம்லெட்

Must, like a whore, unpack my heart with words – Hamlet

 

ரிக் வேதத்தில் ஊர்வசிக்கும் (10-95) புரூருவசுக்கும் இடையே நடை பெறும் அற்புதமான உரையாடல் உளது; அதில் ஊர்வசி சொல்கிறாள்

 

வேண்டாம்; புரூருவஸ், இறந்து விடாதே, றைந்து விடாதே. கெட்ட ஓநாய்கள் உன்னை விழுங்கிவிடக் கூடாது.

 

பெண்களுடன் நிரந்தர நட்பு என்று எதுவுமே கிடையாது; பெண்களின் இதயம் புலியின் (கழுதைப் புலி) இதயம் போன்றது.

 

ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் சொன்ன அதே சொற்கள்!

Nay, do not die Puruvas, nor vanish;

let not the evil-omened wolves devour thee.

With women, there can be no lasting friendship; hearts of the hyenas are the hearts of women.

RV 10-95-15

கம்பன், வள்ளுவன், வேத கால ரிஷி, ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் ஆகியோர் எச்சரிக்கும் அழகே தனி! ஒப்பிட்டு மகிழ்க!

 

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–Subham–