Mulavarman Sanskrit Inscription of Indonesia (Post No.5093)

Written by London swaminathan


Date: 9 JUNE 2018


Time uploaded in London –  16-54  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5093


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.




I read the following piece of interesting information today about the oldest inscriptions in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world.


“The oldest known inscriptions in Indonesia – we read in The Economic and Administrative History of Early Indonesia (van Naessesn and de Longh 1977)  – are those of East Borneo. Here there are seven stone sacrificial posts, called ‘yuupaas’ by archaeologists, that date from around 400 CE. What is written on them is described in the following terms:-

In clear, well written Sanskrit verses Mulavarman ‘the lord of king’, his father Asvavarman, ‘the founder of the noble race’ – and his grandfather, the great Kundunga, ‘the lord of men’ are mentioned on the occasion of a sacrifice. For that sacrifice, we read on one of the stone poles (yuupaa), this sacrificial post  has been prepared by the  chief amongst the twice born (dvija=Brahmins).


Apparently these priests who had come hither ( as written on the second pole) were rewarded by the King Mulavarman for their religious services.

Thus the third inscription sounds, “Let the foremost among the priests and whatsoever other pious men hear of the meritorious deed of  Muavarman, the king of illustrious and resplendent fame (let him hear ) of his great gift, his gift of cattle, of a wonder tree, his gift of land. For this multitude of pious deeds this sacrificial post has been set up by the priests.

(wonder tree= Krapaka Vriksha in gold or Soma plant?)

A Sanskrit inscription in West Java dating from around 450 CE deals with an occasion on which the Brahmins were presented with 1000 cows.


40,000 Brahmins!

(An inscription in the southern most village of India, Kanyakumari,  claims that the founder of the Cola dynasty, finding no Brahmins on the bank of Kaveri, brought a large number of them from Aryavarta and settled them there. His remote descendant Vira Rajendra created several brahmadeya (donation to Brahmins) villages and furnished forty thousand Brahmins with gifts of land (see Gopinath Rao, 1926)


Kanchi Parmacharya (1894-1994), Sri Shankaracharya Chandra Sekhara Indra Sarasvati of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam mentioned about this inscription in 1950s. Now the world is shedding more light on it. When they discovered it, Borneo island was full of thick forests. They thought that thy were virgin forests and were surprised to find the Yupa posts inside the deep forest. Once upon a time it was a place where people lived happily.


Yupa post is mentioned in 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature with the same Sanskrit word. Great Pandya King Mud Kudumi Peru Vazuthi did so many fire sacrifices (Yagas) and Kalidasa mentioned  that the Pandya king was always wearing the Yaga clothes. So Yupas were very familiar with the Tamil Pandyas and Cholzas. When Cheran Chenguttuvan was boasting about his historic march to the Himalayas, a Brahmin openly challenged him amidst a big crowd that he must stop the wars and do Yagas and Yajnas. This episode of Madala Maraiyon is in the most famous Tamil epic Silappadikaram. Instead of chopping the head of Madala Maraiyon for this open criticism, Cheran Senguttuvan the great Chera king immediately ordered for the fire sacrifices. He rewarded the Brahmin with gold equal to the weight of huge Chenguttuvan.

Source books- From Turfan to Ajanta, Edited by Eli Franco and Monika Zin, Lumbini International Research Institute, Nepal; Silappadikaram; Kanchi Paramacharyal Discourses, Kalaimakal Karyalayam.




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