RIG VEDA IN BHAGAVAD GITA (Post No.9836)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9836

Date uploaded in London –10 JULY   2021           

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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All the gods are addressed as Friends in the Rig Veda in hundreds of hymns. The seers called their colleagues  ‘comrades’. The same type of relationship exists in the Bhagavad Gita. Arjuna treated Lord Krishna as his friend and Krishna also treated him the same way. In later period Hindu Gods were portrayed in different roles such as husband, father, mother, boss, servant and friend. All these originated in the Rig Veda where Gods and Goddesses were described as sister, brother, father, mother and friend.

Rig Veda has some remarkable mantras to show that they were the source of Bhagavad Gita. ‘One who cooks for himself is a sinner’ – is found in both the Rig Veda and the Bhagavad Gita. ‘Fire sacrifices cause rains’ is also found in both. In the first part of the article,  I will compare some slokas/couplets of Bhagavad Gita with the Rig Vedic mantras.

Xxx

RV 1-24-7

Varuna, King, of hallowed might, sustaineth erect the Tree’s stem in the baseless region

Its rays, whose root is high above, stream downward. Deep may they sink within us, and be hidden RV 1-24-7

In Bhagavad Gita 15-1 we come across with the same upside down TREE simile:-

The Blessed Lord said,

Uurdhvamuulam adhassaakham

Asvattham praahur avyayam ……

They speak of imperishable Aasvattham (Peepal tree) as having its root above and branches below. Its leaves are the Vedas and he who knows this is the knower of Vedas.

In Katha Upanishad also we have,

‘With root above and branches below, this world tree is eternal’.

In Taittiriya Upanishad we have

‘I am the originator of world tree’.

So, The Tree of Life imagery, particularly upside-down tree image has its origin in the Rig Veda. In other cultures, of a later period, we see Tree of Life, but not upside down.

The thinking of ancient Hindus was same for thousands of years.

Xxx

RV 1-25-6

THIS, WITH JOY, THEY BOTH ACCEPT IN COMMON; NEVER DO THEY FAIL

THE EVER FAITHFUL WORSHIPPER.

In Bhagavad-Gita 9-31, we read

Ksipram bhavati dharmatmaa

……

Na me bhaktah pranasyati

“Swiftly does he become a soul of righteousness and obtain lasting peace. O Son of  Kunti, know thou for certain that MY DEVOTEE PERISHES NEVER”.

Rama also said the same in Valmiki Ramayana,

To him who seeks My protection even once and requests help of Me saying, I am yours , I shall give him fearlessness from all beings. This is my resolve- Ramayana  

xxx

1-31-3/4

In the Rig Vedic hymn 1-31 we hear all the famous persons of an older period. Manu, Vivasvan, Yayati, Nahusa, and Kuru appear in the hymn.

This shows the link to 4-1 of Bhagavad Gita, where we see Vivasvan and Manu.

In Bhagavad Gita 4-1, Lord Krishna says,

The Blessed Lord said ,

“I proclaimed this imperishable yoga to Vivasvan,; Vivasvan told it to Manu and Manu spoke it to Iksvaku”.

Hindus believe the root of Dharma is in the Vedas. Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the Bhagavad Gita is the gist of all Upanishads. Famous acharyas like Sankara commented on these scriptures. Thus we see all the beliefs and customs have its origin in the Rig Veda. Even the Rtus/ seasons are six in both the Rig Veda and Sangam Tamil literature. Elsewhere the seasons are four. Walking Seven Steps with a guest is in the Rig Veda and Sangam Tamil literature. Rivers are feminine, Earth is Mother and Heaven is Father and hundreds of such things are common.

–subham–

tags- Gita and Veda, Rig Veda in Gita

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