Post No. 10,696

Date uploaded in London – –    27 FEBRUARY   2022         

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The most amazing thing about India’s history is Kaliyuga beginning in 3102 BCE. This year is a significant year in Egypt, Sumer and Mayan. They also show their first king around that year. That shows Hindu’s westward migration around that period or after that year. And all Hindus knew that the Mahabaharata war happened in Dwapara yuga and 36 years after that, the Kali yuga began. That meant that all the kings listed in Hindu scriptures such as Rama, Harischandra, Ikshwaku lived long before that. Greek and Roman authors confirm the date. They also place Zoroaster, the founder of Parsi religion long ago.

But one unsolved mystery is there are two different Kaliyugas. Varahamihira, astronomer cum astrologer, started the Kaliyuga in 2414 BCE. Strange indeed! A difference of about 700 Years. Kalhana, the author of Rajatarangini, who lived 1000 years before our time also followed Varahamihira. But all of them agree that Vedas and Hindus existed long,long before that.

Why did they have two different calculations? We need a long explanation to show the reason. To put it one sentence they observed Sapatarishi Mandala, a seven star constellation in the Northern sky and calculated the era. These seven stars in Sangam Tamil literature too, and all ancient literature. It is also called Ursa Major or Great Bear. There is also a very interesting story. Rishi means sage or seer. Riksha means Bear. They got confused? Or they deliberately kept it for some reason? Or was it a humorous remark? ( I will write about it separately. Ursa Major means Great Bear in Greek. So Greek and Sanskrit agree.

2000 year old Sanskrit and Tamil literature say the world was ruled by innumerable kings. So they knew the history very well. Three or four Greek authors place India’s first king in 6777 BCE. That means we have a history of over 8700 years!.

Foreigners, particularly the British, who wrote Indian history showed kings from Buddha’s time only. They showed all Sumerian, Mayan and Egyptian kings from 3000 BCE. But they said India had no kings before that, even in Indus- Sarasvati River Bank Civilization also known as Harappan Civilization. But our Puranas list over 150 kings in one dynasty alone! They also acknowledge that there were other kings belonging to different dynasties ruling at the same time.


Greek and Roman References

Pliny says,

“From Father Liber (Bacchus) to Alexander the Great, they reckon the number of their kings to have been 154, and they reckon the time 6451 years and three months”.

Since Alexander entered Punjab in 326 BCE and left in the same year, Pliny’s statement indicates that the first king symbolised by the figure of Father Bacchus was thought to have reigned India in 6777 BCE. It was written in 77 CE by Pliny.

(See Naturalis Historia of Pliny 6.59/60)

(Lord Siva’s description made them to compare him with  Bacchus, God of Wine in Roman culture, Dionysus in Greek culture; actually they have misunderstood festivals like Kaman Pandigai/ Holi/ Spring Festival).

Arrian (around 100 CE) also said something like this,

“From Dionysus to Sandracottos the Indians count 153 kings and more than 6042 years; and during this time , thrice for liberty *** this for 300 years, the other for 120 years.

Ref. Ancient India as described by Megathenes and Arrian by Mc Crindle.

The above statement of Arrian is explained by historians as 6042+300+120= 6462 years before Sandracottas.

Maurya Chandra Gupta was corrupted as Sandracottas. He was the contemporary of Alexander. So if we add 326 BCE, we get 6788 BCE.

Solinus of 3rd century CE gives the same year.

Megasthenes’ ‘Indica’ gives year 6777 as the rule of first king of India. We did not get the book‘Indica’, but excerpts of ‘Indica’ are quoted by Arrian.

153 or 154 kings are available from Hindu Puranas. Of the five criteria for a Purana, two are Geography and History. There is no religious scripture in any part of the world that gives Five criteria to write a book. All our Puranas follow this Five Criteria rule(Puranam Pancha lakshanam) ;such an organised community was Vedic community.


Amazing Parsi coincidence

We see many kings in the Rig Veda who ruled earlier than the first king listed in the Puranas. That means there was a civilisation from 9000 or 10000 BCE.

In the Old Testament of the Bible, the religion of Magis is referred to. Magis were priests of Parsi religion. The earliest account of the religion of Magis is found in Herodotus books. Pliny, the Roman author studied Zoroaster’s books thoroughly and said it comprised two million verses. Now the Parsis have only one book out of their 21 books.

According to Diogenes of Laerte, Eudoxos and Aristotle , there were two powers opposed to each other  to represent the good god , called Zeus and Oromasdes (Ahuramazda, Hormazd) and the other representing the devil whose name was Hades and Aerimanios (Angro manyush , Ahriman of Parsi religion).

According to Plutarch and Diogenes that the Oromasdes ruled for three thousand years alone and Areimanios for 3000 years more. Then they fought with each other and the devil perished. Mankind enjoyed a blessed life.

Greek -Roman philosopher Plutarch (around 100 CE) described the main tenets of Zoroastrainism (Parsi religion) in his books.

Strabo (60 CE) , the geographer, had also described the customs of Magis.

Later the celebrated Greek traveller Pausanius also described their customs.

Later Dio Chrysostomos and Agathias (500 CE) wrote about the Magis. They said the present Zoroastrians changed everything and following new customs.

Xanthos of Lydia (470 BCE) was the earliest writer to mention Zoroaster . He says Zoroaster  lived 600 years before the Trojan war (about 1800 BCE). Aristotle and Eudoxus place his era as much as 6000 years before Plato; others say 5000 years before the Trojan war (See Pliny’s Historia Naturalis, xxx. 1-3).

Berosos, the Babylonian historian, makes him a king of the Babylonians , and the founder of a dynasty, which reigned Babylon between 2200 BCE and 2000 BCE.

The Parsis believe that Zoroaster  lived around 550 BCE. With this background information Martin Haugh believes that Zoroaster  meant a High Priest (like Shankaracharya, Pope, Dalailama) and it did not mean one single person. Even before the person Zoroaster , there was Magi worship. He concludes that the current Zend Avesta, the Parsi Scripture, has grown in a period of 800 years. Some of them were not found in Zoroaster ’s Gathas. Some of the pars of Zend Avesta may be older than the prophet known as Zoroaster.

My comments:

All these remarks by 2000 year old writers show that the Hindus were considered very ancient even in that period. Even the Rig Veda, oldest book in the world, talks in terms of “our ancient fathers”.

We need a concerted effort to sort out this intriguing chronology.


tags- Hindu, Chronology, Pliny, Arrian, Berosos, Parsi, 6777BCE,

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