Learn Tamil Verbs -Part 32; புரியும் , விளங்கும் (1000 Verbs ) Impersonal Verbs – Post No.11,540

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 11,540

Date uploaded in London – 13 December 2022                  

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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TAMIL Impersonal Verbs are very useful and easy to use.

They are called impersonal verbs because there is no PGN (Person,, Gender, Number).

Generally used in present tense context.

Take the subject in the dative case

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What is dative case?

It is To; in Tamil we call it Fourth Case நான்காம்  வேற்றுமை

Examples :

To Rama, To James, To July, To Latha, To Samantha, To Mary, To David

You can form thousands of useful, every day sentences.

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The often used impersonal Verbs are

புரியும் PURIYUM, UNDERSTAND

THERIYUM தெரியும், KNOW

KIDAIKKUM கிடைக்கும், AVAILABLE

POTHUM போதும்,ENOUGH

VILANGUM விளங்கும், UNDERSTAND

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FOLLOWING ARE  USED SIGHTLY IN A DIFFERENT WAY

VENDUM வேண்டும்,NEED, WANT

MUDIYUM முடியும் CAN, POSSIBLE

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NOT MUCH USED

MAATTUM மாட்டும் , POSSIBLE, CAN

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Now let us look at the examples

புரியும் PURIYUM, UNDERSTAND= VILANGUM விளங்கும், UNDERSTAND

Indian Tamils use Puriyum and Sri Lankan Tamils use Vilangum

Enakku thamiz Puriyum= to me Tamil understand= I understand Tamil

எனக்கு தமிழ் புரியும்

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Avanukku hinthi Vilangum = To him Hindi understand= He understands Hindi

அவனுக்கு ஹிந்தி விளங்கும்

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Jamesukku aangkilam puriyum= James understands English

ஜேம்ஸுக்கு ஆங்கிலம் புரியும்

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Julykku singalam Vilangum = July understands Sinhalese

ஜூலீக்கு  சிங்களம் விளங்கும்

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Inge Ellorukkum thamil puriyum = Here –to all—Tamil—understand= all here understand Tamil

இங்கே எல்லோருக்கும் தமிழ் புரியும்

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You can change them into interrogative / Questions – sentences by adding ஆ

 AA in Tamil

புரியும்+ ஆ= புரியுமா = Does/ Do ——- understand?

விளங்கும் +ஆ = விளங்குமா Does/ Do ——- understand?

Examples

உங்களுக்கு ஆங்கிலம்/ தமிழ் புரியுமா ?= ungalukku Aangkilam/ Thamiz—puriyumaa? = To you English/ Tamil understand?=  Do you understand English/ Tamil?

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அவர்களுக்கு பிரெஞ்சு விளங்குமா ?== Avargalukku pirenju Vilangumaa?= To them French Understand? + Do they understand French?

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Negatiives

Negatives are formed by adding AATHU ஆது to infinitive

ஆது -aathu

Puriyaathu புரியாது,

Vilangaathu விளங்காது

புரிய+ ஆது – don’t or doesn’t understand

விளங்க+ ஆது –don’t or doesn’t understand

In the next lesson , we will look at other Impersonal Verbs.

To be continued…………………………..

 Tags – Impersonal verbs, Puriyum, Vilangum, Understand

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