Tamil Hindu Encyclopaedia -38; Murugan /முருகன் Skanda in Sangam Tamil Corpus (Post No.11,557)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 11,557

Date uploaded in London – 17 December 2022                   

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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Tamil community’s most favourite god is Skanda also known as Kartikeya, Subrahmanya and Murugan. Both Tamil and Sanskrit names are used by the Tamils in naming their new born boys. Sangam Tamil literarture has a full book on Him called Tirumurugaatruppadai (shortened as Murugu திருமுருகாற்றுப்படை (முருகு)). He is the god of mountainous area called குறிஞ்சி Kurinji . in addition to Murugu, we have several long poems devoted to him in Paripatal where 8 long poems are attributed to him.

 In Tolkappiam , oldest tamil book, he is placed next to Vishnu and he was given the nameசேயோன்  Seyon , meaning the Redman.

மாயோன் மேய காடுறை உலகமும்

சேயோன்  மேய மைவரை  உலகமும்

Among the Ten Idylls of Sangam period, the long poem on Skanda Murugan, திருமுருகாற்றுப்படை (முருகு)‘Tirumurugaatruppadai’ is given the first place. All these signify the importance given to Skanda/Murugan. Sangam poets called him வேள் , செவ்வேள் நெடுவேள் வேலான் , வேலன் in addition to Murugan.since he belonged to mountainous landscape called குறிஞ்சி KURINJI,   he is called Kurinjik kizavan குறிஞ்சிக் கிழவன்.

Murugan means the Handsome one. He is always presented as a Young god. Nakkirar who composed the long poem on him portrayed him as young and beautiful :

என்றும் இளையாய் ,அழகியாய் ஏறூர்ந்தான் ஏறே

He is described as a Heroic god. He has Spear in his hand.. it is called Vel வேல்.

He is shown riding a peacock or an elephant named Pinimukam பிணிமுகம்

His consorts are Valli and Deivanai

Valli is a Tamil girl and Deivaanai is the daughter of Indra, according to Tamil books.

We see lot of similarities between Kumarasambhava of Kalidasa and Sangam books. But two important differences are marrying Tamil Valli and killing Tamil demon Suurapadman.

When Tamil girls become love sick, their mothers thought they are possessed possessed by Murugan and sought the help of special village priest to drive away the sickness. He used to come in special dress and stage a dance with spear and offer meat and rice balls smeared with goat’s blood.

Tiru murugatruppadai explains that he is also worshipped in other places as well

முருகன் இருப்பிடங்கள் 

சிறு தினை மலரொடு விரைஇ, மறி அறுத்து,

வாரணக் கொடியொடு வயிற் பட நிறீஇ,

ஊர்ஊர் கொண்ட சீர் கெழு விழவினும், 220

ஆர்வலர் ஏத்த மே வரு நிலையினும், 

வேலன் தைஇய வெறி அயர் களனும், 

காடும் காவும், கவின் பெறு துருத்தியும்,

யாறும் குளனும், வேறு பல் வைப்பும், 

சதுக்கமும் சந்தியும், புதுப் பூங் கடம்பும்,     225

மன்றமும் பொதியிலும், கந்துடை நிலையினும்  

 xxx

Tamil words

திருமுருகாற்றுப்படை (முருகு)Tirumurugaatruppadai’

வேலன் VELAN, SEVVEL, NEDUVEL.

XXX

LATER USAGES

கார்த்திகேயன் KARTIKEYAN, ஸ்/கந்தன் S/KANDA  , சுப்ரமண்யன் SUBRAHMANYAN ,

 குமரன் KUMARAN,

பரிபாடல் PARIPATAL ,

குறிஞ்சி KURINJI,

குறிஞ்சி ஆண்டவன் Kurinji Aandavan

to be continued……………………………………………Tags- Murugan, Skanda, Tamil Sangam, Kurinji, God of Mountain, 

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