Indus Valley to Egypt: Lapis lazuli Export!

lapis block
Lapis lazuli rock

Research Paper written by London Swaminathan
Post No.1270; Dated 6th September.

What is Lapis lazuli?
It is a blue colour semi precious stone used in jewellery. Egyptians and Sumerians imported it from India. Afghanistan and Pakistan, parts of ancient Bharat were the main sources for this stone, says the archaeologists.

The contact between Egypt and the Hindu kings of Turkey and Syria is well documented. Thanks to the clay tablets of Amarna letters we know that Dasaratha’s daughter Taduhepa ( Datta shivaa) was married to Amenophis III of Egypt. Dasaratha was ruling Syria and Turkey around 1380 BCE. He was assassinated in 1340 BCE. Mitanni kings followed Vedic religion is confirmed by Bogazkoy inscription where all the four major Vedic gods are mentioned in a treaty. Pratardhana – name in Vishnu sahasranama – was ruling Aleppo now in Syria. Turkey and Syria were ruled by the Vedic kings from 1480 BCE according to the clay tablets. Dasaratha sent Amenophis five chariots, five horses, trinkets of gold, a pair of gold rings and goodly stones, says one of the Amarna letters. We have more Sanskrit names and horse manual with Sanskrit numbers around 1400 BCE in Turkey. Marrying one’s daughter with a king of a neighboring country is a typical Hindu custom followed by kings from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and beyond. Afghan Gandhari and Iranian Kaikeyi were married to Drudharashtra and Dasaratha, because all those countries were ruled by the Hindus in those days.

goddess hathor
Egytian Goddess Hathor made up of lapis lazuli

(Mitannian Dasaratha is different from Ramayana Dasaratha. Like Tamils, tamilize Sanskrit words, Mitannians also wrote Dasaratha as Tushratta, Pratardhana as Parartana. Even today Sri Lankan Tamils write Damayanthy as Tamayanthy. Mauritius Tamils are still worse and they write Subramanya as Soupramoniamme due to French influence)

But the actual contacts with India began even before Amenophis period. Egypt and Sumer had jewelry made up of lapis lazuli blue stones from 2500 BCE. The stone is mentioned in the Bible also. Lapiz lazuli means blue stone. It was dug out in the Badakshan area of Afghanistan and Quetta of Pakistan from 4000 BCE. At that time it was part of India. Some of the areas were under Indus valley civilization. Vedas refer to Vanksu River which the Greeks wrote as Oxus. The other name of the river was Amu Darya (Darya in Persian means river).

Found in Ur, Iraq.

Egyptians were crazy about blue colour. They powdered the stone and applied blue colour on most of the jewelries and crowns. They made statues of lapis lazuli out of big stones. One of the Sumerian sculptures show Indus (Zebu) bull. The workmen use only Sanskrit words to describe different types of lapis: neeli, asmani and suvci. The general term for lapis lazuli is “lajword” in Persian. All the historians and archaeologists acknowledge the source as Indian subcontinent. Only later other sources of lapis lazuli were discovered.

Michael Rice in his book “Egypt’s Making” says,
“Lapis is, literally, one of the touchstones of sophisticated early civilizations. It was to be found in large quantities in the cities of Sumer whose people valued it highly. It is found extensively in Egypt. Lapis appears in Egypt from late in the fourth millennium, often in association with foreign, specifically Mesopotamian elements. It is found more in rich peoples’ burials”.


It is also found in the royal tombs of Sumers at ur in Iraq, dating to 2500 bce.
Egyptian king Kamose, on a stela narrates a military campaign against Avaris. He claims that he has looted hundreds of ships loaded with cedar, lapis lazuli, silver, turquoise and all precious products of Asia.

Vedic seers received hundreds of camels as gifts from the kings according to Rig Veda (8-5-37; 8-46-32). The Vedas talk about 99,000 wagons (RV. 10-98-11) and number of wagon loads (10-98-10). It is no wonder they traveled up to Sumer or Egypt.

“The book of Talismans” by William Thomas and Kate Pavit adds the following information, “It was very popular with the Egyptians, several of their talismans being made up of this gem, particularly the Eye and Heart, specimens of which may be seen in the fourth Egyptian room in the British Museum. On account of its beautiful deep blue colour it has always been dedicated to Venus, and in Christian religions it is regarded as the stone of the Virgin Mary. It was freely used by the Romans and the Greeks for both ornamental purposes and to cure certain diseases”.


Chemical composition
It is a rock containing the blue mineral lazurite in a matrix of white calcite with small amounts of other minerals. It occurs in silica poor igneous rocks and metamorphic lime stones found in Afghanistan, Siberia, Iran Chile and Pakistan.


Indus Valley-Brahmin Connection (Post No 1034, Date 10-5-14)
Bull Fighting: Indus Valley to Spain via Tamil Nadu (posted 21/1/12)
Human Sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt (posted on 31/10/12)
Ghosts in Indus Seals and Indian Literature
Flags: Indus Valley- Egypt Similarity
Tiger Goddess of Indus Valley: Aryan or Dravidian?
Indra on Elephant Vahana in Indus Valley
Indus Script Deciphered

Map of Caravan routes and stopping points

Human sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt 0ct.31, 2012
Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana Dec.18, 2012
Open Sesame’: Password to Heaven Post No 756 dated 23rd December 2013
Change ‘’Indus’’ valley civilization to ‘’Ganges’’ valley civilization! Ulta! 29-3-2014
Indus Valley Case: Lord Indra Acquitted Post No 764 dated 28th Dec. 2013
‘Sex Worship’ in Indus Valley
1450 bce

Flags: Indus Valley – Egypt Similarity (15/1012)
The Sugarcane Mystery: Indus Valley and the Ikshvaku Dynasty
Vishnu in Indus Valley Civilization (posted on 19-10-11)
Serpent Queen: Indus Valley to Sabarimalai 18 June 2012
Fall of Brahmin Kingdoms in Pakistan and Afghanistan 23-3-14
Indus Valley Civilization- New Approach , posted on May 29, 2011
Indra-Taranis- Thor in Indus Valley –posted on 5th September 2014.

Indus animal on Sumer lapis lazuli seal.


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