Hindu Eye Goddess Temple in Syria?


Naina Devi temple in Bilaspur,Himachal Pradesh

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1456; Dated 3rd December 2014.

What is the Goddess Name?
Naina (Nayana Devi) Devi = Eye Goddess
Where is it?
In Himachal Pradesh and Uttarkhand States in India and Tell Birak in Syria.

What is found there?
Thousands of small stone eye idols are found in Tell Brak in Syria. It is called Eye Temple. It existed from 3000 BCE. Naram Sin built (2254 BCE) a palace here. The Eye Goddesses are mysterious and found nowhere else except India. Syrian site is located in Nahar al Khabur basin. Ancient Mitannian buildings are in the area.

tell brak, syria

How do we know that Syrian Temple is Hindu?
The place where the eye idols are found is called Nagar. This is a Sanskrit word meaning city and in Sangam Tamil literature (Purananauru verse 6) it is used for temple in Tamil.

The second reason is that it was ruled by Mitannians in 1500 BCE. All the Mitannian names are pure Sanskrit words. Dasaratha and Pratardhana are some of the names of the kings. A Horse manual with Sanskrit numbers is found there. A treaty in clay tablet with the names of the Vedic Gods is also discovered. This is the oldest Sanskrit inscription (1400 BCE) in the world.
The third reason is the kings’ names like Naram sin are also of Sanskrit origin. Sin stands for Chandra (moon) in Sumer. Like we have Haris chandra in the Hindu scriptures they have several kings with this Sanskrit name in Akkadian empire:

Nayana Devi

Ibbi Sin, Naram Sin (before 2600 BCE)
Both of them ruled before Gilgamesh.
Shu Sin, Sin iddinam, Sin eribam, Rim Sin I, Rim Sin II, Sin magir, Apil Sin, Sin mubalit. All these kings ruled before 1600 BCE.

Like in India, ‘Chandra’ can be a pre fix or a suffix to a name. We have Hari Chandra or Chandra Deva in the king list. Sin and Sena also sound similar. Another name for moon is Nanna which is found in the king list in Sangam Tamil literature and Sanskrit literature (Nanna Deva). Nanna is one of the popular names in Sumer.

Nayana Devi Temple in Bilaspur and Nainital
The most famous Eye Goddess temple is in Himachal Pradesh. Sikh Guru Guru Gobind Sing did a Chandi Yajna here to defeat the Moghuls.

Nainital Temple

It is one of the 51 Shakti Kendras (Goddess centres) in India. When Goddess Parvati committed self sacrifice (Sati) in the Daksha Yajna , Lord Shiva carried her body and the body parts fell in 51 places in India. They all became famous Shakti centres attracting a huge crowd. It is believed that Goddess’ eyes fell at Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh. Nainital in Uttarkhand also has a similar eye goddess temple. Nainital’s name is also derived from the Nayana Devi Tal.

Nayana, Akshi, Lochana, Netra are popular Sanskrit words for eye. These names are found in women’s names throughout India.

Meenakshi of Madurai, Kamakshi of Kancheepuram, Neelayathakshi of Nagapattna, Visalakshi of Kasi/Varanasi are very famous temples and all are named after the beautiful eyes of the goddesses.

Above all Shiva’s Third Eye stands for wisdom and mysterious powers in Hinduism. In all the village temples of Tamil Nadu and Kerala people offer body parts made up of silver to the goddesses. Eye is an important body part they offer. Eye worship is very common in Hinduism.
Eye Goddess of Syria

The statues of the famous Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra (Chariot Festival) Krishna, Balarama and Subadra have prominent eyes like the Syrian temple idols.

Probably the Mitannians worshipped Nayana Devi around 1500 BCE. But the temple in Syria was built well before the known Mitannain kings. Naram sin and his forefathers may also have worshipped Nayanadevi. Scarcity of materials leaves lot of things to guess work. But the material similar to eye idols of Syria is available only in Hindu temples of India.
Krishna, Bakabhadra and Subhadra of Puri, Odissa

Please read my articles on Sumer–Hindu connection and Sahasralinga Temple in Karnataka and Cambodia.
Contact swami_48@yahoo.com
Maa Naina (Nayana) Devi, Bilaspur

From Syria

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