‘KA’ is Brahma – Interesting Info. from Panini and Kautilya (Post No.8239)

Ka= Brahma


Post No. 8239

Date uploaded in London – 25 June 2020       

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‘KA’ is Brahma – Interesting Info. from Panini and Kautilya

Eight years ago, I wrote about the God ‘Ka’  (Prajapati, Brahma) in this blog. All Sanskrit scholars raised their brows without understanding or pretending not to understand the word ‘Ka’ in the Rig Veda (RV 10-121). The hymn itself ends with praising Prajapati (Brahma). Ka means ‘who’ as well in Sanskrit. In Sanskrit there is no interrogation mark. These half -baked scholars put interrogation mark at the end of each mantra in the hymn and started wondering or misinterpreting. But in Hindus mind, Ka is Prajapati/Brahma. If you remove the interrogation marks and read the poem/hymn it coincides with the last word Prajapati.

I have also shown that Egyptians borrowed it from us and made a hieroglyph out of it. Ka symbol means God and he is shown as the son of Pita (Ptah in Egypt).

Tamil and Sanskrit dictionaries give the meaning Prajapati. Probably Indian Rishi Mahadeva ( in Egypt he is Imhotep-Imho=Maha; tep=Dev )taught them about Vedic Mudras and Vedic Gods (Please see my 20+ articles on Egypt)

Interesting information from Panini

Kautilya who came a few centuries after Panini, proposed to Maurya Chandra Gupta a few interesting ideas.

Use religion to make money.

First, celebrate religious festivals ; second, make Gods’ dolls, idols and statues for sale, out of which government can make money.

Kautilya’s wonderful ideas work until today. We Hindus buy dolls of Krishna, Ganesh and Devi until this day to do Pujas on respective festival days. Religious tourism is not only popular in India, but also in other parts of the world. Mecca, Vatican City, Jerusalem and Lourdes are big businesses for Air lines, Hotels and Tourist Industry. The mementos , books and pictures they sell in these places mean huge money.

Let me come back to Panini.

Panini wrote only a grammar book with 4000 couplets in Ashtadhyayi. That and the complimentary works that came after it give encyclopaedic information about Hindu life 2700 years ago.

Panini mentions the following Vedic deities –

Agni, Indra, Bhava, Varuna, Sarva, Rudra, Mrida,

Vrishakapi, Pusha, Aryama, Twashta, Nasatya.

Mostly in 4th and 6th chapters .

I will touch only the controversial gods.

1.Vrishakapi is one of the names of lord Vishnu in Vishnu Sahasranama. When it came in humorous dialogue poem in the Rig Veda, foreigners deliberately translated it as ‘sexy monkey’ but Panini mentioned it as a god (4-1-37) along with other Gods; no fuss is made.

Second interesting thing is about

Nasatya (6-3-75); Two Ashwini Devas are known as Nasatya. The name is derived by Panini from Na Asatyaah- who are the opposite of non-truth. The other interpretation mentioned in Mahabharata and Nirukta is one who are born out of Nasa (nose) of Samnjaa, wife of Surya. Panini rejected this and went for the first one which is originally given by Aurnavabha. He lived before Yaska of Nirukta.

Third interesting thig is about ‘Ka’.

Panini refers to Prajapati under the symbolical name of Ka. Patanjali says Ka is not a pronoun (who), but the proper name of a deity.

Panini mentioned female deities as well –

Indraanii, Varunaanii ,Agnaayii , Vrishaakapaayii (4-1-37)


Goddess Parvati’s four names are mentioned-




Mridaanii (4-1-49)

Mridaani is not found later. This shows Panini lived nearer to Vedic times.

He also gives information about the worship of Month, Year, Season and Stars/Nakshatras.

He shows that Bhakti movement was there 2700 years ago. Particularly Vasudeva bhakti (Krishna Bhakti).

Temples were also there for public worship. There were temples for Kesava, Rama and Kubera (1-43-6)

Kubera worship makes interesting reading.

The reference to the bhakti of Maharaja or Kubera proves on the other hand  that Panini surely had religious bhakti in mind (4-3-97).

An important sutra 5-3-99 ‘jiivikaarthe chaapanye’ proves Panini knows images of deities in his time .

There may be images installed in temples which are not of individual ownership, and hence not for anyone’s livelihood/jiivika, or for sale/panya, but for worship/puujaartha.

If it is for sale ‘kan’ suffix is added

Siva becomes sivaka

Skanda becomes skandaka .

Both ‘chala’ and achala images with the devalakas/owners of shrines would serve for worship/puujaartha, be a source of livelihood to their care takers/owners , but not for sale/apanya.

All these are the object of Panini ‘s rule , and they would be named as siva, skanda without ‘ka’ suffix.

Greedy Maurya kings

Patanjali adds more interesting information.

Mauryan kings , ‘greedy of gold’ /hiranyaathibhih, had ordered to set up , and most probably , to sell images . it served three purposes- jiivika, panya and puujaa .

Kautilya supplies the much needed commentary on this extraordinary Mauryan measure to replenish their exchequer.

The Devtaadhyaksha , officer for religious worship, is directed to raise money  by manipulating the worship of divine images and exploiting the credulousness of the people, such as organising fairs and festivals in the holy shrines of deities – daivata chaitya- , improvising shows of miraculous Naga images with changing number of hoods, and spreading the news of other miracles etc

—Arthashastra 5-2

Kautilya got three birds in one stone – Jiivika/livelihood, Panya/sales and Puuja/divine worship. He is indeed a clever Brahmin!

–Source book – India as known to Panini, VS Agrawala, University  of Lucknow, 1953 (with my inputs )

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28 Aug 2012 – People of different races were living and ruling Egypt for 3000 years. It has a … Actually ‘Ka‘ means God or Brahma in Sanskrit and Egyptian …

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tags – Ka, Brahma, Kubera, Deities in Panini, Kautilya ideas



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1 Comment

  1. R Nanjappa

     /  June 25, 2020

    I suppose the ‘KA’ here is the first letter in the Sanskrit alphabet ‘क’.
    There was one devotee of Sri Ramakrishna , Krishnakishore, who used to say, in the manner of the Vedantins, that he was KHA – ‘ख’ meaning “akasha”. Sri Ramakrishna pointed out that perhaps it was justified in the case of Krishnakishore being a devotee, but it was not proper for others to say so!.(19 August, 1883 )
    Once, Sri Ramakrishna visited Krishnakishore and he was worried. Krishnakishore said that the tax collector had come and threatened that his pots and pans would be auctioned if he did not pay his taxes. Sri Ramakrishna told him that he was ‘Kha” and so why should he worry of the rascal tax collectors took away his pots and pans! ( 22, February, 1885). This shows the so called Vedantic attitude is internal, and it is not easy to follow it in practical life.

    About the name “Brahma” , there is this interesting comment:
    “In the Veda, the three terms Brahmanaspati, Brhaspati and Brahma – relate to one Deity.”
    Brahmanaspati represents the unification and harmonization of Brahma and Brhaspati.
    “In the Veda, Brahma stands for mantra, Brahma presides over it….It is the power that manifests in Word, the truth seen and intuited in the heart of the creature. The meaningful sound thus expressed is the Vedic mantra, known by the term Brahma.”
    [ R.L.Kashyap, Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala !, Sukta 40.]
    ( He also identifies Brahmanaspati with Ganapati.)

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