Post No. 10,681

Date uploaded in London – –    22 FEBRUARY   2022         

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(This is already posted in Tamil yesterday)

Linguists have pointed out that the Tamil word Aayiram for thousand 1000 is derived from  Sanskrit word ‘Sahasram’ in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. But not many people know that the European languages like German and English, extinct language like Avestan have no word for 1000, thousand. Whatever these languages have for 1000 are derived from Sanskrit!

Let us look at three words for 1000:-

1.’Aayiram’ in Tamil

2.’Hazar’ in Hindi

3.’Thosand’ in European languages



Oldest Tamil grammarian Tolkappiar banned Tamils from using ‘Sa’ as initial letter in any Tamil word. Almost all the ancient Tamil poets obeyed Tolkappiar in this respect. That is why they changed ‘Sa’hasram into Aayiram. How?

Sa= a (Rig Vedic word Sabha is changed to Avai)

Ha= a (Hamsa is changed into Annam in Tamil; H=A)

Two ‘A’ give A+A= AA

S =Ya (third A in Ha gives Y; for euphony Tamils insert Y  or  V in many words.



M = last three letters kept intact in Aayiram.


Another proof
Hindus have Sahasranama (1000 names of God) for all important Gods. Whenever Saivite saints like Manikkavasagar or Vaishnavite saints  translated this Sahasranama of god, they used only Ayiram Namam; the reason being Tamils have no word even in their old dictionary. 1935 Ananda Vikatan dictionary gives Sahasram and Ten Hundreds for 1000. Had the Tamil saints known another word they would have used it. They simply used ‘Aaiyiram which is derived from Sanskrit.

Another proof lies in the lesser use of the word 1000/Aayiram in ancient Tamil literature.

Sangam literature has 18 books; later ethical  literature has another 18 books. But from Tolkaappiyam to these 36 books spreading over 2700 years, we see lesser use of Aayiram, whereas Rig Veda has used it  numberless Times.

Same with Zend Avesta; in the oldest Gatha parts, we see very little ‘1000’. Vedic Hindus were the pioneers in this decimal system


Hazar is also derived from Sahasram

Persians and Greeks have no ‘S’ sound; so they changed ‘S’indhu River people into ‘H’indu people.

Hindu is seen in Zend Avesta and the oldest Persian inscription of Darius.

‘S’apta (7) becomes ‘H’apta in Persian scriptures. If you apply the same rule, you will get Hazar.

Sa = ha

Ha= za

Sra = r

Avestan language has got 1- 10 and 100 exactly like Sanskrit (Please see the numerals at the end of this article.

But Avestan has no word for 1000 like Germans, Tamils and Persians.


Now to Thousand

The word Thousand is derived from old Sahasram; here is the route:

“10 times one hundred; the number which is ten times one hundred; a symbol representing this number;” Old English þusend, from Proto-Germanic *thusundi (source also of Old Frisian thusend, Dutch duizend, Old High German dusunt, German tausend, Old Norse þusund, Gothic þusundi).

Related to words in Balto-Slavic (Lithuanian tūkstantis, Old Church Slavonic tysashta, Polish tysiąc, Russian tysiacha, Czech tisic), and probably ultimately a compound with indefinite meaning “great multitude, several hundred,” literally “swollen-hundred,” with first element from PIE root *teue- “to swell,” second element from PIE root *dekm- “ten.”

(Instead of deriving ‘thus’ from DASA (10) in Sanskrit, the above note is deriving it from teue; they are beating round the bush! Dekm is correct. Dekm=Dasam)


Now let us look at ten times 100; that is also Sanskrit

Ten = Dasa (even in extinct language Avestan)

Hundred = Centum/ Kentum= Hundred

Lingusits say that the speakers in Europe branched into two paths Satam (Sanskrit) and Centum (Sanskrit with n in the middle). So Satam gave birth to Hundred.

Hindus use the highest decimal numbers in the world. When Semitic religions were talking in terms of 40, Hindu children were reciting Slokas saying Oh God, You are as bright as Sahasra Koti= 1000 ten million Suns.

If one looks at this issue with this background, one would realise Vedic Hindus spread the numerals around the world.

There are two more words for 1000 in ancient languages KILO and MILLE.I will deal with them separately.



Avestan Numerals-

AVESTAN numerals

Avestan is considered one of the world’s oldest languages. Now we have only Zoroastrian scriptures in it. Later it influenced Pahlavi, Persian, Pashto, Darik etc.

Look at the Avestan Numerals

Though Avestan is listed as an extinct language, modern research shows that there are more Sanskrit words, (see my Hindu Gods in Zend Avesta) in it.

Aivas – 1, (eka in Sanskrit)

Duva – 2, (dvau in Sanskrit )

Traayas – 3 , (trayas in Sanskrit)

Catvaaras – 4, (catvaaras in Sanskrit)

Panca – 5, (panca in Sanskrit )

Xivaas – 6, (sat in Sanskrit)

Hapta – 7, (sapta in Sanskrit )

Ashtaa – 8, (astau in Sanskrit )

Nava – 9, (nava in Sanskrit)

Dasa – 10, (dasa in Sanskrit )

Satam- Satam in Sanskrit


இலக்கியத்தில் ஆயிரம் 

தொல் 1-391, 392; குற்றி.30-1, 65-1, 70-1, ; 2-406; 3-59

பொருந.247; மது.11; பதிற்று .21-38; பரி  1-1, 3-22, 41, 13-27;

காளி 105-15; புறம் 391-21; குறள் .259; பழமொழி 165; சிலம்பு.3-162, 5-164, 6-20, 11-37, 14-68, 15-38, 25-63, 28-69; இது தவிர மணி மேகலையில் 7 இடங்கள்; முத்தொள் .101

— Subham —-

TAGS- Thousand, Etymology, Aayiram, 1000, Tamil, Hazar, Avestan, Sanskrit, Sahasram

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