Tamil Hindu Encyclopaedia 6 (அறிவர், த்ரிகால ஞானி)- Post No.11,345)


Post No. 11,345

Date uploaded in London – 11 OCTOBER 2022                  

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com



Tamils of Sangam Age not only believed in Hindu Gods, but also believed in all the supernatural powers of Hindu saints. Sanskrit books called them as Tri Kaala Gnaani meaning ‘one who can see all the Three parts of the Time’. The concept of Time in Hindu literature is very different from the West. They saw it as linear where as Hindus saw it as cyclical. Hindu saints can see the Past, Present and Future of anything and everything. The very first line of Vishnu sahasranaama , which is recited by millions of Tamils every day , (including London Swaminathan) has Bhuta, Bhavya, Bhavat Prabhu. Lord of the past, present and future.

அறிவர், அறிவன் , முக்காலமும் உணர்ந்தோர் , த்ரி கால ஞானி

Though lot of people explained it ,the best explanation came from RSS leader Guruji Madhava Sadhaasiva Golwalkar, who was a great saint. He was affectionately called Guruji by students in Banaras Hindu University where he taught them Zoology. He was the disciple of a Guru who was with Ramakrishna Paramaahamsa.

When Sri Golwalkar was young, he predicted to his mother that two visitors dining in their house were going to die soon. It so happened both died in an accident in the following weeks. His mother was very angry and got from him a promise not to say anything like this in future. Years later when he became the head of RSS movement after its founder Kesava Baliram Hedgewar passed away, a journalist from Organiser weekly was interviewing him and one of his questions touched this subject of future predictions.

“Then Sri Golwaalkar explained to him that saints see the past, present and future as a running river from the top of a hill”.

I have never seen such a beautiful picture of Bhuta, Bhavyya, Bhavat. This is like a children’s game for Hindu saints, but they rarely play it. We read it every day in Hindu Saints’ lives. (Eg.Kanchi Paramacharya’s advice to most famous Carnatic Singer MS Subbulakshmi ‘not to travel’ before the worst train accident of India in Ariyalur near Trichy)

Another beautiful example came from Swami Vivekananda’s life. An interviewer asked him whether he can see his past and future. He said that everyone can see it (provided he is also a Yogi like Swamiji) and it is embedded inside us ‘like a film roll’. You can wind it or unwind it like a photo film roll and see it. But Swamiji added he was least interested in seeing his past.

This is in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature as well. They practised Hinduism with 100 percent perfection. Hindu customs and beliefs are in one lakh Tamil and Sanskrit Inscriptions too.

Now let me give the references for Tri Kaala Gnaani (Jnaani). Tamils used the word ARIVAR அறிவர் or ARIVAN அறிவன். Literally translated it would mean Knower. But the commentators from 13th century CE give good explanation.

Following are the places the word Knower (one who knows Past, Present, Future (Bhuta, Bhavya, Bhavat):-

Tolkapppiam, Oldest Tamil Book:-

Though it is grammar book the third chapter called ‘Porul Adhikaram’ give extraordinary details of Tamil Hindus’ Life.

Tol.Sutra 1100, 1139, 1446, 1453.1021

Sutra 1021 clearly says that one who knows all the three times. He also used the Sanskrit words Kaala, Deya/Desa/region.

Puram 399-19,

Kuruntokai 190-3

Ainkuru nuuru – 247-1, Kali 39-46

Post Sangam work Tirukkural – Kural 427, 2-1,

Important Tamil Reference from Tolkappiam- Sutra 1021

மறுவில் செய்தி மூவகைக் காலமும்

நெறியின் ஆற்றிய அறிவன் தேயமும் – 1021

In the full sutra Tolkaappiar says about the six duties of a brahmin, five duties of a kshatriya, six duties of Vaisyas and six duties of agriculturists, eight virtues of saints etc.

For the ‘three kaala’,  explanation given by commentators is one who can withstand ‘rainy, summer and snowy’ periods .

Above all Sangam book Ainkurunuru 247-1, and Kalittokai 39-46 clearly used it for Velan one who foretells events.

In some places like Puram and Kuru. It is used with simple meaning- one who knows, not necessarily saints.

One of the oldest Tamil dictionaries ,1935 Ananda Vikatan Tamil Dictionary, gave meanings such as ‘A person with knowledge, artistes caste கம்மாளர், Vishnu, Siva, Buddha, Aruka/Jain Tirtankara, planets Mercury and Mars.

All the meanings show one with divine knowledge. It included artistes caste கம்மாளர் Kammaalar, because they made temple sculptures, jewels and chariots for Gods.

Tags- கம்மாளர் ,அறிவர், அறிவன், Arivar, Arivan, Tri Kala, Gnani, Jnani

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