Good and Bad Brahmins: Chanakya’s Definition! (Post No.4775)

Date: 22 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 15-28

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4775

 

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Various Types of Brahmins- Chanakya Niti

 

Chanakya classifies Brahmins according to the work they do and the virtues they possess. Some are called Rishis and others are called Mlechchas (Foreigners, barbarians)

 

A Brahmin who living life in a forest all times performs Sraadhdha with fruits and roots growing in untilled land every day is called a Rishi

11-11

akrusshta pala muulena vanavaasarataha sadaa

kurute aharahaha sradhdham rushi  vipraha sa ucyate

11-11

xxxx

 

One Meal a Day!

 

A Brahmin who is satisfied with only one meal and keeps himself engaged continuously in six activities and has coition with his wife in the period favourable for conception is called Dwija.

11-12

eka ahaarena santushtaha shatkarma nirataha sadaa

rtukaalaabigaamii ca sa vipro dwija ucyate

11-12

 

(Six activities of Brahmins: Teaching, Studying, Performing sacrifice, Helping others to perform sacrifice, Giving  charity and receiving charity)

xxxx

Vaisya Brahmana

 

A Brahmin who keeps himself busy in worldly affairs, looks after animals and engages himself in trade and agriculture is called a Vaisya.

laukike karmani rataha pasuunaam paripaalakaha

vaaniijya krsi kartaa yaha saha vipro vaisya ucyate

11-13

xxx

A Brahmin who sells lac and the like, oil, indigo, saffron, honey, ghee, liquor and meat is called a Sudra.

11-14

laakshaaditaila niilaanaam kusumba madhu sarpishaam

vikrato madhya maamsaanaam sa vipraha suudra ucyate

 

xxx

Brahmin Cat

A Brahmin who puts spokes in the form of others, is hypocritical, selfish, deceitful, envious, gentle and cruel is said to be Maarjaara, a he cat

11-15

parakarya vihantaa ca daampikaha svaartha saadhakaha

chalii dveshii mruduhu kruuro vipro maarjaara uchyate

11-15

xxx

 

Mlechcha/ Foreigner Brahmin!

A Brahmin who has no compunction in destroying an oblong reservoir of water, well and tank, garden and temple is called a Mleccha.

11-16

vaapii kuupa tadaagaanaam aaraamsu ravesmanaam

uchcheedane niraasankaha sa vipro mlechcha uchyate

11-16

 

(Real meaning of Mlecha is reflected in it; Foreigners distort the meaning  and attribute it to Dravidians, aborigines etc. But Mlechas are foreigners who destroyed Hinduism and India; in short Anti Hindus are called Mlechas; it is in Sangam Tamil literature as well.)

 

xxxx

Chandala/ outcaste Brahmin

A Brahmin who steals the money given as an offering to gods as also to teachers, outrages the modesty of the wives of others, and can get along with all kinds of people is called Caandaala

11-17

devadravyam  gurudravyam paradaaraabhimashanam

nirvaahaha sarvabuteshu viprascaandaala uchyate

11-17

Foreigners always distort the meaning of Chandala and the real meaning is Anti Social elements, immoral elements and thieves.

 

xxx

 

Feed the Brahmins

That is the food which is the left over of the Brahmins, friendship is that which is cultivated for the sake of others, wisdom is that which does not commit sin (= Which does not allow one to commit sin), Dharma is that which is followed with no show.

15-8

tad bhojanam yad dwija bukta sesham

tat sauhrudam yat kriyate parasmin

saa praakjnataa yaa na karoti papam

dambam vinaa yaha kriyate sa dharmaha

15-8

Since Chanakya and Manu insist that Brahmins should not save or accumulate money and ask them to beg for ever, Chanakya asks everyone to feed them; unless Brahmins are in begging condition, they would be lazy and woudn’t  go to any distant place for performing Yagas and Yajnas. If they are in begging condition, they would happily travel from village to village for getting Dakshina (fees). They are not allowed to save money like we save today.

 

Looking at the strict conditions Chanakya places, not many people can claim Brahminship today!

 

Source Book for verses: Canakyaniti, Translated by Satya Vrat Shastri

 

xxx SUBHAM xxxx

 

 

 

 

WHY DO WE LIGHT LAMPS AT HOME? (Post No.4657)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 24 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 17-53

 

Post No. 4657

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There are two stories in Tamil Nadu about lighting a lamp in the house when the sun sets. Even today most of the Tamils follow it despite electric lights in every room of a house. We do follow it in London despite the fire hazards.

 

In the days before electricity came to Indian towns and villages it was a must. But even today people follow the ancient custom of lighting the traditional lamp in the prayer room or a corner of a house.

 

To illustrate the importance of it there are some folk tales. Mr Natesa Sastri was a scholar who collected them from old people and published them in 1886 in Tamil and English. But I give below my own translation.

 

There was a farmer in a village who had two daughters. One of them got married locally and another was married to a Sozian ( a man form Chola country) in a nearby town. The eldest one who was married locally lost her husband and father in course of time. She had no issue. She made her living by working in the paddy fields. She had an unusual habit of consuming a large quantity of food i.e two measures of rice every day. Actually, ten people can eat in two measures of rice. (A Tamil measure is bigger than one litre). She was very shy and so she did not tell anyone about it and never sought a reason for it.

One day the eldest one felt sick. Sozian’s wife visited her elder sister. It was getting darker and the sun had set. The eldest one started cooking by adding an extra half a measure  because of her younger sister’s visit.

 

Two things surprised her younger sister. Firstly, two and half measures of rice for two people! Secondly, cooking in a pitch dark place. She slowly spoke to her elder sister. She asked why she was cooking in a pitch-dark place and why she cook for ten to twelve people. Her elder sister answered her saying that she had no money to buy oil and more over she was eating two measures of rice every day and she did not know why.

Then her younger sister insisted she must go and get some oil for the lamp, otherwise she could not stay there for night. At last she went out and got some oil for half a measure of rice and lighted the lamp and finished the cooking. When both of them felt contented after eating they saw three fourth of their rice was still in the cooking pot. While both of them were wondering how was it that after eating little they felt full in stomach.

At that time they heard a loud noise. One voice asked the other voice, ‘Oh Sokka, do we get food or not tonight?’ The other voice replied ‘Oh, No, Sozian came and spoiled it’. Both the sisters were puzzled by that noise because no one else was in that house. When they gathered enough courage, they asked who they were. One voice replied that he was a ghost and came to this house every day to take the food because it was dark. Today the Sozian made her to light the lamp and so they were running away from the place. Now the younger one reasoned out that was why her elder sister consumed two measures of rice every day. When the ghosts went out of the house the eldest daughter returned to her normal eating schedule.

Picture by Karthik Raghavan sent from Kaladi in Kerala

 

A crocodile story

There was a Brahmin youth in a village. He got married to a woman in a village nearby. After the traditional four day marriage, the first night was arranged. The newly married Brahmin youth went to the nearby tank (pond) for evening prayers and water ablution. The tank had several man eating crocodiles. No one warned the bridegroom. Suddenly a crocodile pulled him into water.

 

The bridegroom had the shock of his life. But in a moment, he managed to say a few words. ‘Oh Crocodile Unlce! leave me alone for this night. I am newly married and my wife is waiting for the first night meeting. Let us have our honey moon tonight and I will definitely come tomorrow morning and then you may eat me. If you swallow me  now, my wife and her aged father would die of sorrow and you would incur the sin of killing three Brahmins.”

 

The crocodile said to him, “Ok, you may go now and return tomorrow. Because you are a Brahmin who never go back on his words, I trust you”.

The young Brahmin returned home and went to bed with his wife. In the middle of night he explained everything that happened on that day. His wife told him, “Oh, My Darling! Don’t wait till tomorrow morning; others may not allow you to go to die; So go to the tank now!”

 

He was shocked to hear such horrible words from his new wife. He thought women must be devils; so, it is better to die in the pond by the crocodiles instead of living with this cruel woman. He came back to the tank and called the crocodile. The crocodile sprang upon him. At that moment, a sudden flash of light appeared in the place and disappeared. The crocodile said to him, Oh No, I can’t eat you. The light has gone out. No living being eats if the lights go out. Sorry, You may go home”.

 

When he turned back he saw his wife coming running with tears of joy in her eyes. She said to him,

“Oh My Darling I prayed to all the Gods in the world that my plan should work. I lighted a lamp in a pan ad covered it. When the crocodile sprang upon you I showed it to him and put it off. You know what happened then”

Then he hugged his wife and said to her, “Darling You are the most beautiful woman in the world. You are the most intelligent woman in the world;  all the people in the world would come to know the significance of lighting a lamp in the house through you”. From that day onwards village folk lighted lamps inside the house and put one lamp in the niche on the outside wall.

 

Both these stories are in wide circulation among villagers in South India.

 

–Subham–

 

 

 

WHY DOESN’T LAKSHMI LIKE THE BRAHMINS? (Post No.4636)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 19 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London 17-15

 

 

 

Post No. 4636

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Chanakya says some strange things about the Brahmins and the End of Kali Yuga

 

Chanakya says in his Chanakya Niti Sastra,

“Lakshmi’s words to Vishnu: O Lord, in disgust I avoid always the house of the Brahmins because the angry one (Agastya) drank my father (ocean), the sage Bhrgu hit with his foot my husband (Vishnu), right from childhood Brahmins carry my adversary (Sarasvati) in the cavity of their mouth, day and day out destroy my house (the lotus) for offering worship to Siva.”

 

Chapter 15, sloka 16

 

This sloka reveals two things:

1.There is a proverb in Tamil, Where is money (Panam), there is no Virtue (Gunam). In other words Lakshmi, Goddess of wealth never resides where there is Sarasvati, Goddess of Education. This is very true in Indian context. Most of the poets lived in acute poverty. Bharati, the greatest of the modern Tamil poets, suffered from poverty till his death. So the message is that Money and virtue don’t go together.

 

2.The second thing is a compliment to Brahmins, not a complaint against the Brahmins. Sarasvati lives in their tongues from their early childhood. This means they are well versed in the Vedas. Vak Devi and Sarasvati are praised in the Rig Veda, the oldest religious book in the world. And the Brahmins used the lotus flower for Siva Puja (flower offering to Lord Siva)

Fame comes from Luck!

 

In another sloka, Chanakya praises Lord Vishnu indirectly.

“A small hillock on the earth was held by you on a finger with ease. Because of this your praise is sung under the name of Govardhana both in the heaven and the earth.

Yasoda’s remark “I cary you, O Kesava,  the carrier of all the worlds, on the tips of my breasts. (Still nobody sings my praises), O Kesava, enough of words. Fame comes from luck”

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 15, sloka 19.

 

These are called Nindha Stutis. That is you criticise someone in words explicitly, but the real implicit meaning is that you praise him or her. You have to read between the lines.

 

Chanakya’s Strange Prediction

Chanakya, the greatest genius of ancient India, made a strange prediction in one of the slokas:-

 

“Hari leaves the earth with the passage of ten thousand years in Kali Yuga, in the half of that period does the Ganga water and in the half of that village deity”.

 

It is very strange that the village deity disappears first, then the River Ganges disappears and then only God leaves the earth. So we may measure  the progress of Kaliyuga  by the Ganges.

The sloka is as follows:

Kalau dasa shasreshu Harisyajati medhiniim

tadardhe jahnaviitoyam tadardhe gramadevataa

Chapter 11, sloka 4

We have already passed 5000 year limit In Kaliyuga. But Ganga is still flowing but not with its original pristine purity. So Chanakya might have mentioned Deva year and not the human year.

–Subham–

TAMIL POET AND CHANAKYA WARN ABOUT BRAHMINS! (Post No.4598)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 9 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London-8-09 AM

 

 

 

Post No. 4598

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Don’t Walk In between Two Brahmins- Chanakya’s Advice; Tamils Agree!

 

Chanakya, the genius of ancient India, gives some strange advice. But It is found in later Tamil literature as well. Chanakya alias Kautilya lived 2300 years ago.

 

Here is the sloka/verse:

One should not walk in between two Brahmins, a Brahmin and fire, husband and wife, master and servant, the plough and the bull

 

Viprayorvipravahnyoho swamibhtyayoho

antarena nagantavyam halasya vrushabhasya ca

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 5

 

xxx

 

One should not point feet towards fire, teacher, a Brahmin, a cow, a maiden, an old man and a child.

paadaabhyaam na sprusedagnim gurum braahnameva ca

naiva gaam wa kumariim ca vrudhdham na sisum tathaa

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 6

 

xxx

Don’t be Over simple! Be crooked!

People should not be over simple; go to a forest and see. Straight trees are lumbered there while the crooked ones stay put.

naatyantam saralairbhaavyam gatvaa pasya vanasthaliim

chidhyante saralaastatra kubjaastishtanti paadapaahaa

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 12

 

xxx

 

If the following seven are asleep, one should awaken them: a student, a servant, a wayfarer, one tormented by hunger, one tremulous in fear, the store keeper and a gate keeper .

vidhyarthii sevakah paantha; kshudhaartaa bayakaatarah

bhandaari ca pratihaari sapta suptaan prabhodhayet

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9,verse 6

 

xxxx

These seven, if asleep, one should not wake up: a snake, a king, a tiger, a boar, a child, somebody else’s dog and a fool.

arhi nrupam ca saarduulam kiti ca baalakam  tathaa

parasvaanam ca muurkham ca sapta suptaan na bhodhayet.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9,verse 7

XXX

TAMIL VERSES

 

TIRIKADUKAM (Tri Kaduka) is one of the 18 minor didactic works. The author Nallaathanaar warns that one should deal with Brahmins carefully. One should treat a Brahmin like fire; don’t close too near; it will burn you; don’t go too far; you will feel cold and suffer. The message is treat them with due respect. Since Brahmins of the golden days—Krta Yuga—and the olden days  were pure in character, their words came came true; and if it was a  good word it  benefitted one; if it was a curse it harmed one.

Nallaathanaar says,

Oh, farmers! Wise men say three things are good for you—

1.Dont try to get money through gambling

2.Even if you know a Brahmin for long, fear him like fire

3.Do farming with interest

 

Tiruvalluvar, the author of Tamil Veda Titukkural use the same for a king

 

How to move with a king? It is just like one who warms oneself in the fire, neither going too near, nor too far – kural couplet 691

 

Adi Shankara was the one who used this fire imagery first. Later Tiruvalluvar, Nallaathanaar, Kamban,  Bhavananthi of Nannul and several authors used it.

 

Adi Shankara used it in the context of devotees; Lords says that he does not discriminate; those who are nearer to him get the benefits of his warmth; those who go away from him lose his grace.

 

It is very interesting to compare all of them.

 

–subham–

 

Manu’s Most Beautiful 12 Couplets (Post No.4504)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  17-59

 

 

Post No. 4504

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

All the Hindu scriptures we have today, except Vedic literature and Bhagavd Gita, are updated versions. Hindus always update their scriptures and so there is scope for interpolations. For instance, Narendra Modi became the 14th Prime Minster of India on 26 May 2014. Pauraniks will write it in a different language:

 

“In the Kaliyuga there will come a man with the name of Indra from the land of Somnathji and he would rule India from Indraprastha for long. He is fond of a flower that grows in water. He would not be from the Brahmana or Kshatria castes. He would paint the land with saffron colour. He will be flying high in yantra Pakshis (mechanical birds)”

 

Even the events that had already happened, they would put in future tense as if it was written in 1000 CE or before. It is a style or genre.

 

In the same way lot of materials are added to Manu Smrti during the time of Brahmin rule- the Sunga Dynasty. All those were put in the mouth of Manu or Bruhu. Lot of things against shudras were added. But how can one know which is new which is old. It is very easy if one reads the whole book without any bias. Most of the anti-shudra materials are at the end of the chapters. So any one could have added them easily or amended them easily. Another touch stone is there. We can easily find out what sort of man Manu was by reading the full book.

 

Here is a proof to show that he was genuinely a man of honesty and integrity. In the second chapter, there are 12 slokas or couplets which show that he held Vedas in high esteem. After upholding the Vedas he gives free hand to every one. He says if anyone has doubts or conflicts of interest they can always follow the tradition that is followed by the elders. Then one can follow what gives one real pleasure. This means one should not act against his or her conscience.

 

All adults know what is right and wrong; all of us know which gives one permanent happiness that which never affects others. If something gives us happiness, but pricks our conscience then that is not true happiness. If one cannot do a thing in public, then it is not happiness. So he give the four marks to identify the Dharma or right things or righteousness:

Here are the first 12 Slokas of Second Chapter of Manava Dharma Shastra or Manu Smrti, the Hindu Law Book, in fact the oldest Law book in the world:

 

1. Learn that sacred law which is followed by men learned in the Veda and assented to in their hearts by the virtuous, who are ever exempt from hatred and inordinate affection (passion).

 

2. To act solely from a desire for rewards is not laudable, yet an exemption from that desire is not to be found in this world: for on that desire is grounded the study of the Veda and the performance of the actions, prescribed by the Veda.

 

3. The desire for rewards, indeed, has its root in the conception that an act can yield them, and in consequence of that conception sacrifices are performed; vows and the laws prescribing restraints are all stated to be kept through the idea that they will bear fruit.

 

4. Not a single act here below appears ever to be done by a man free from desire; for whatever man does, it is the result of the impulse of desire.

 

5. He who persists in discharging these prescribed duties in the right manner, reaches the deathless state and even in this life obtains the fulfilment of all the desires that he may have conceived.

 

6. The whole Veda is the first source of the sacred law, next the tradition and the virtuous conduct of those who know the Veda further, also the customs of holy men, and finally self-satisfaction.

 

7. Whatever law has been ordained for any person by Manu, that has been fully declared in the Veda: for that sage was omniscient.

 

8. But a learned man after fully scrutinising all this with the eye of knowledge, should, in accordance with the authority of the revealed texts, be intent on the performance of his duties.

 

9. For that man who obeys the law prescribed in the revealed texts and in the sacred tradition, gains fame in this world and after death unsurpassable bliss.

 

10. But by Sruti (revelation) is meant the Veda, and by Smriti (tradition) the Institutes of the sacred law: those two must not be called into question in any matter, since from those two the sacred law shone forth.

 

11. Every twice-born man, who, relying on the Institutes of dialectics, treats with contempt those two sources (of the law), must be cast out by the virtuous, as an atheist and a scorner of the Veda.

 

12. The Veda, the sacred tradition, the customs of virtuous men, and one’s own pleasure, they declare to be visibly the fourfold means of defining the sacred law.

 

My Views:-

Most beautiful points are

1.Four fold Mark of Religion

Vedas, Law Book, Customs of virtuous men, One’s own pleasure (Self Satisfaction)

 

2.No one acts without desire. If anyone does anything without desire, one reaches the highest stage

3.Good men are those who have neither hatred nor passion.

The rules Manu insists for the twice born are very strict. If someone follows those strict rules, the concessions he gives to learned Brahmins are justified.

Two recent things that happened in the British courts point in this direction.

(1).A girl who is an Oxford University student hit her boy friend in drunken state. But the judge spared her the prison sentence saying that since she was very studious having higher education, he did not want to send her to prison.

Here we see those who have knowledge are given concessions.

(2). The second incident was about a doctor. Because of his status the judge exempted him from coming to the witness box.

(3). In the Soviet Union, even the most dictatorial government in the world did not send Sakharov, the father of nuclear science, to concentration camps. He was given lot of concessions.

This is the reason that Buddha and Manu said even if the Brahmins kill their own father and mother, destroy a king and the kingdom no sin would touch them.(Please read my earlier articles on this topic)

 

–Subham–

 

KILL ANYONE, NO SIN IF YOU ARE A BRAHMIN: MANU AND BUDDHA SAY! (Post No.4402)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 21-09

 

 

Post No. 4402

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

KILL ANYONE, NO SIN IF YOU ARE A BRAHMIN: MANU AND BUDDHA SAY! (Post No.4402)

Manu said that if anyone can recite the Rig Veda, even if he destroys the three worlds, he incurs no sin!

Buddha said that even if a Brahmin killed a king, his father and mother, he incurs no sin! It may look strange. But one must read between the lines.

 

What is the message they want to give us?

A true Brahmin who has mastered Rig veda can’t think of anything like hurting anyone; leave alone destroying the three worlds.

A true Brahmin, according to Buddha, is equal to a saint, i.e. one with saintly virtues. So, he can’t think of hurting anyone.

 

Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar also said that “A Brahmin is kind to all creatures” (Kural 30)

 

MANU ON RV

“A Brahmin by retaining Rig Veda (RV) in his memory incurs no guilt, though he should destroy the three worlds”– 11-261

Manu on the Veda

“The Veda is the eternal eye of the ancestors, gods and humans; the teachings of the Veda are impossible to master and impossible to measure; this is an established fact”–Manu 12-94

The same verse is translated by Monier Williams as follows:-

“The Veda is of patriarchs and men

And even of gods, a very eye eternal

Giving unerring light; it is beyond

All finite faculties, nor can be proved

By force of human argument—this is

A positive conclusion”–  Manu 12-94

 

 

Buddha Says:–

 

“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people”

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 294

 

Because he has put away evil, he is called a Brahmin; because he lives in peace, he is called a ‘samana’; because he leaves all sins behind, he is called a ‘Pabbajita’, a pilgrim.

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 388

Ons should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 389

 

It is important that we should never quote anything out of context; more important is that we should understand the meaning behind the words.

Foreigners who quoted Vedic hymns always used them out of context and took literary meaning. So we must be careful when we read anything written by foreign and non-Hindu hands.

–Subham, Subham-

பிராமணன் ராவணன், ராவணன் பிராமணன்–கம்பர், அப்பர் செப்பல் (Post No.4393)

பிராமணன் ராவணன், ராவணன் பிராமணன்–கம்பர், அப்பர் செப்பல் (Post No.4393)

 

 Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 13 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 18-21

 

 

Post No. 4393

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

பூணூல் அணிந்த ராவணனை, “இரா+வண்ணன்= இருட்டு போலக் கருப்பு நிறத்தன்” என்று சொல்லி அவனுக்கு திராவிட முத்திரை குத்தும் அறிவிலிகள் உலகில் உண்டு! இப்படிப் பிரித்தாளும் சூட்சி உடையோர் தமிழ் நாட்டில் காலடி எடுத்து வைப்பர் என்று முன் உணர்வால் அறிந்து இராவணனுக்கு பிராமணன் என்று ‘அக்மார்க்’ முத்திரை வைத்துவிட்டனர் அப்பரும் கம்பரும். ஒருவர் சுமார் 1500 ஆண்டுகளுக்கும் மற்றொருவர் 1000 . ஆண்டுகளுக்கும் முன் வாழ்ந்தவர்.

 

 

அப்பர் நாலாம் திருமுறையில் ராவணன் பற்றிச் சொல்லுகையில் அவனுடைய பூணூலையும் சேர்த்துப் பாடுகிறார்.

 

அசுரர்கள் ராக்ஷசர்கள் தேவர்கள், நாகர்கள் முதலியோர் , ஒரு தாய் வயிற்றுப் பிள்ளைகள் என்று நம் வேத, இதிஹாச புராணங்கள் பேசும்; ஆனால் வேற்றுமை பாராட்டி இந்துக்களைப் பிரிக்க விரும்பும் அரசியல்வாதிகளும், பிற மதத்தினரும் ஒரு சாராரை திராவிடர்கள் என்றும், பழங்குடி மக்கள் என்றும் சொல்லிப் பிரித்தாளுவர்.

 

எல்லாக் கதைகளிலும் சிவனிடமோ, பிரம்மாவிடமோ அசுரர்களும் வரம் வாங்கினர். அவர்களும் ஒரே கடவுளை வணங்கினர்; அந்தக் கடவுளரும் பாரபட்சமின்றி வரம் ஈந்தனர். ஆனால் உலக விதி, ‘அறம் வெல்லும், பாவம் தோற்கும்’ என்பதாகும். இதனால் வரம் பெற்றும் கூடத் தீயோர் வெல்ல முடியாது. ராவணனும் பல வரங்களைப் பெற்றும், செய்த தவற்றினால் உயிர் இழந்தான். ராவணன் பூணூல் பற்றி அப்பர் தரும்  தகவல் இதோ:

 

மாலினா ணங்கையஞ்ச மதிலிலங் கைக்குமன்னன்

வேலினான் வெகுண்டெடுக்கக் காண்டலும் வேத நாவன்

நூலினா  னோக்கிநக்கு நொடிப்பதோ ரளவில்வீழக்

காலினா  லூன்றியிட்டார் கழிப்பாலைச் சேர்ப்பனாரே

பொருள்:-

பெருமையுடைய உமா தேவியார் அஞ்சுமாறு, முப்புரிநூல் அணிந்த திரு மார்பினரும், வேதம் ஓதும் திரு நாவினை உடையவருமான இராவணன், கயிலை மலையைப் பெயர்த்தெடுக்க,  ஈசன் ஒரு நொடிப்பொழுதில் அவ்வரக்கன் அஞ்சுமாறு திருப்பாத விரலால் அமுக்கியவர். அந்த ஈசன் உறையும் இடமே கழிப்பாலை என்னும் திருத்தலம்

 

 

வேத நாவர்- மறை ஓதும் நாவினை உடையோர்

நூலினான் – நூல்களை உணர்ந்தவன், பூணூல் அணிந்தவன்

 

இரண்டும் இராவணனைக் குறித்தன எனக் கொண்டு, சாம வேத கானம் பாடியவன், நூல்களை உணர்ந்தவன், பூணூல் அணிந்தவன் என்றுரைத்தல் பொருத்தம் உடைத்து என்று தருமபுர ஆதீனப் புலவரின் தேவார உரை கூறும்.

 

இதி வேதம் ஓதுதலையும், முப்புரி நூல் அணிவதையும் சிலர் சிவன் மீது ஏற்றிச் சொல்லுவர். அப்படிச் சொல்லும் வழக்கம் அரிது. அப்படிச் சொன்னாலும் அதை பிரம்மனுக்கே ஏற்றிச் சொல்லுவர்.

 

பூணூலும் வேத நாவும் ராவணனையே குறிக்கும் என்பதற்கு கம்ப ராமாயணம் துணை புரியும்; இதோ கம்பன் கூற்று:–

வையம் தந்த நான்முகன் மைந்தன் மகன் மைந்தன்

ஐயன் வேதம் ஆயிரம் வல்லோன் — என்று சுந்தர காண்ட நிந்தனைப் படலத்தில் ராவணனை வருணிக்கிறான் கம்பன்; இதன் பொருள்:-உலகைப் படைத்தவன் பிரம்மன்; அவன் மகன் புலஸ்தியன்; அவன் மகன் விசிரவசு; அவன் மகன் ராவணன்; ஆயிரம் கிளைகளை உடைய சாம வேதத்தில் வல்லவன்.

பிரம்மாவை வேதியன், பிராமணன் என்றே இலக்கியங்கள் போற்றும்

அக்க குமாரன் வதைப் படலத்தில் கம்பன் சொல்லுவான்:

அயன் மகன் மகன் மகன் அடியில் வீழ்ந்தனள்

மயன்மகள் வயிறு அலைத்து  அலறி மாழ்கினாள் என்று. இதன் பொருளாவது– மயனுடைய மகளான மண்டோதரி தன் கணவனான ராவணனிடம் சென்று வயிற்றில் அடித்துக்கொண்டு அலறினாள்– சீதையை விட்டுவிடு என்று. ராவணனுக்குக் கம்பன் கொடுக்கும் அடை மொழி– பிரம்மனின் மகனான, புலஸ்தியன் மகனான, விசிரவசுவின் மகனான ராவணன்  என்பதாகும்.

அதே சுந்தர காண்டத்தில் பிணிவீட்டு படலத்தில்,

அந்தணன் உலகம் மூன்றும் ஆதியின் அறத்தின் ஆற்றல்

தந்தவன் அன்புக்கு ஆன்ற தவநெறி உணர்ந்த தக்கோய்” என்று சொல்லுவான்; உலகங்கள் மூன்றையும் ஆதிகாலத்தில் படைத்த அந்தணன் பிரம்மாவின் வழி வந்தவனே! என்று  ராவணனை போற்றும் வரிகள் இவை. ஆக கம்பராமாயணம் முழுதும் ராவணன் ஒரு பிராமணன் என்று அடிக் கோடிட்டுக் கொண்டே செல்வான் கம்பன். இதன் காரணமாகவே தேவாரத்துக்கு உரை எழுதிய பெரியாரும் பூணுல் அணிந்ததையும் வேத பாராயணம் செய்ததையும் அப்பர் பாட்டில் ராவணனுக்கு உரித்தானதாகச் சொல்கி றார். நாம் அதை ஏற்பதில் தயக்கம் ஏதுமில்லை.

 

சுபம் –

 

100 Gods in Daily worship! Brahmin Wonder!! (Post No.4273)

Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 5 October 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 8-36  am

 

Post No. 4273

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

It is amazing to see that Brahmins worship nearly 100 gods and saints everyday in their worship. Seven Vedic gods, seven seers (rishis), Goddess Gayatri, nine planets,  historical figures like Janamejaya, Jarat karu, Astika and their Gotra(clan) seers (rishis), Yama (god of death), four directions are included in their worship. But some are optional. They do it three times a day! (but I do only two times every day). It is a great wonder they have been doing it for over 5000 years without break. No modern religion existed at that time except Hinduism. Brahmins are like fossils who preserve the oldest rituals in the world. in the olden days, they were called Angels on Earth because of their character and selfless service. Sangam Tamil poet Kabilar, who contributed highest number of poems to Sangam corpus is praised by other poets as a Brahmin of spotless character ( Pulan Azukkatra Anthanaalan). It was sung 2000 years ago. He was a revolutionary Brahmin who opposed the three great Tamil Kings Chera, Choza and Pandya and took two daughters of a philanthropist chieftain called Pari and begged to every Kshatria to marry them. A man who did selfless service without any caste differences. At the end, he sacrificed himself in the fire like the great Ramayana Rishis (seers) and the tribal woman Sabari.

Now back to daily worship of Brahmins:–

 

 

Brahmins have been doing a daily ritual called Sandhya Vandanam. It is Sun Worship three times a day. In the morning before sunrise, in the noon and in the evening before sunset Brahmins do it. And in the olden days other two castes (Kshatriyas/warriors and Vaisyas/Businessmen) were also doing it. After wearing the sacred thread at the age of 7 or 9 or 11 respectively the males of 3 castes started doing it. It is a water ceremony. They can’t do it without water.

 

(This explodes the Max Muller Myth about Vedic Hindus coming from cold central Asia or Europe. This is the oldest ceremony followed by any community in the world. Had they lived in cold countries they would not have used WATER. Hindus take bath everyday where as other communities don’t do it. So Hindus are the sons of the soil- India. During 3 times Sandhya vandana they have to use water over 100 times!!!!!!!!!!!!)

 

In this article, I am going to show you a wonder the Brahmins do every day. As a Brahmin I do it twice a day instead of thrice a day on the banks of River Thames in London. When I counted the number of saints and Gods in the ritual I was surprised.

 

Though different sects of Brahmins slightly change it, the main rituals are same. They use the oldest book in the world- the Rig Veda in addition to other Vedic scriptures.

 

Let us count the number of Gods according to Yajur Veda (smarta) followers:

 

Lord Ganapathi

 

1-3:- First they purify themselves by taking three sips of water by reciting Achyuta, Anantha and Govinda

 

4-15: Then they do touch twelve parts of the body with water while reciting 12 names of Vishnu (though Govinda is repeated here I will include it):–

 

Keshava, Narayana, Madhava, Govinda, Vishnu, Madhusoodana, Trivikrama, Vamana,Sridhara, Hrushikesa, Padmanabha, Damodara.

  1. Then they worship Lord Ganapathi facing sun in the east.
  2. Om is also added with most of the Mantras

 

18-24.Here they do recite the names of seven Lokas (holy spheres)

Bhu, Bhuvaha,Suvah, Mahah, Janah, Tapah, Satyam

 

  1. The most powerful mantra Gayatri is recited in several places

 

  1. In the Sankalpa (intention to do this ritual or Vow) They do say ‘Parameswara/ Siva’ (other sects may have different God’s names)
  2. Then Apah/water is worshipped/praised

28.Then Surya/Sun or Agni /Fire mantra is recited

  1. Brahman’s name– The Supreme Being– comes in the Upanishad mantra, identifying f the self with the supreme God (brahmai vaham asmi)

30.-38 At the end of the first part water is offered to Nine celestial objects. 12 names of Vishnu are also recited, which we have already included.

SECOND PART of Sandhya Vandana

39.Brahma

40.Paramatma

41-46: Seven Seers: Atri, Bruhu, Kutsa, Vasistha, Gautama, Kasyaa, Aangiasa:

47-53: Seven meters are recited; they mean the some meters in prosody and Goddesses as well:

Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushtu, Brhati, Pankti, Trishtup, Jagatya

 

( I have included Gayatri in the count because it may be  considered a grammatical term here)

54- 60 Seven Vedic Gods are worshipped here

Agni, Vayu, Arka, Vageesa, Varuna, Indra, Visvedevatah

(Note Agni comes for the second time)

Then Gayatri is worshipped

61 and 62 :Visvamitra Rishi’s name and Savita’s name are recited

 

63 Gayatri is asked to go to her abode: Uttame Shikare (Mount Meru is mentioned ; she resides on top of a mountain like Babylonian Gods; Ziggurat= Shikara)

64.Sun God is worshipped

65.Mitra is worshipped

(Then comes Sun and Varuna; we have already counted their heads)

66-69: Four Devis in four directions and ‘All gods’ are worshipped: Sandhya, Savitri, Gayatri, Saraswathy, Sarva Devatas

 

70 to 75: during personal salutation we give our name, our Gotra name, names of the rishis in the Gotra (clan or group) , Sutra name ( in my case I say Vaisvamitra, Aghamarshana, Kausika,Apastamba Sutrah ; My name swaminathan etc)

 

76-79: Four Directions are worshipped

80, 81, 82,: Upper Region, Middle region, Sky

 

83 and 84- Yama and his assistant Chitragupta

85.Harihara (Krshna Pingalam)

 

PM NARENDRA MODI WORSHIPPING RIVER NARMADHA

 

86, 87, 88, 89, 90-Certain people do Narmadha vandanam where the names of River Narmada, and historical figures Janamejaya, Astika, Jaratkaru, Nga Kings Pannakebhya are worshipped

(Some people don’t do it)

91.Narayana

  1. Krishna

93.Om Tat sat

 

In each mantra every god has several attributes; for instance in the Yama vandana, God of death (Yama) is praised as 1)Yama, 2)Dharmaraja, 3)Mrtyu, 4)Andaka, 5)Vaivasvata, 6)Kaala/Time, 7)Sarvabhutakshayaya, 8)Audumbaraya, 9)Dadnaya (death= dadnaya), 10)Neelaya, 11)Vrkodaraya, 12)Chitraya, 13)Chitraguptaya

If we include all the names for Sun, Yama, Varuna it will exceed over 100 names.

 

Followers of  other Vedas such as Rig Veda, Sama Veda they have longer and additional mantras. So it is definitely over 100 Gods at one go.

 

Normally it will take 20 minutes to finish it even if one recites Gayatri mantra 108 times. So a Brahmin who does Tri Kala (three times a day) Sandhya vandana do one hour or less worship by reciting over names of 100 Gods and Seers/rishis!

 

Long Live Brahmins who do Tri Kala Sandhya Vandana. They are historical wonders!

Students of Jabalpur Veda Patasala

Please read my old articles:-

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records …

tamilandvedas.com/2012/01/26/327

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of … That is why I say Brahmins deserve a mention in the Book of Records. 32. … by Tamil and Vedas on January 26, …

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records -Part 5

  • tamilbrahmins.com
  • Brahmins | Tamil and Vedas
  • com/category/brahmins
  • … Asoka mentioned Brahmins first and … //tamilandvedas.com/2017/05/30/about-brahmins-buddha-and … “Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of …

·         No Brahmins, No Tamil!! | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2012/01/14/no-brahmins-no-tamil

No Brahmins, No Tamil!! … political parties in Tamil Nadu has misled the public to a great extent that they really believed Brahmins were aliens to Tamil culture.

 

 

·         No Brahmins, No Tamil!! | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2012/01/no-brahmins-no-tamil.html

No Brahmins, No Tamil!! By S Swaminathan … literature would find out that without Brahmins Tamilwould have died or at least become poorer two thousand years ago.

 

-SUBHAM–

 

About Brahmins: Buddha and Valluvar Think Alike!- Part 7 (Post No.3956)

Research Article Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 30 May 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 20-37

 

Post No. 3956

 

Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Buddha in Dhammapada and Tiru Valluvar in the Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ praised the Brahmins sky-high, but defined who is a true Brahmin as well.

 

Tamil poet Valluvar lived approximately 1000 years after the Buddha. He referred to Brahmins in at least four couplets directly and another six couplets indirectly; but Buddha referred to Brahmins in at least 45 couplets; Buddha was so obsessed with the Brahmins that he wanted them to follow him like the emperor Ajata satru and others.

Let me give some examples for comparison which will show that great men think alike.

One must remember that the Brahmins of those days lived like saints; the very term meant one who seeks Brahman; Tamil words for Brahmins are also synonyms of saints such as inward looking, who sees (seer). Other Tamil names included ‘men of six tasks’ ‘Veda reciters’.

Buddha also accepted the Vedic Sanskrit word Brahmana, synonymous with a saint. But he devoted one entire chapter for Brahmins. It follows the chapter Bikshu varga (Buddhis monks). so by Brahmin he meant only Hindu Brahmins/saints.

 

In short Brahmins were saints and saints were Brahmins in those days. That is how even Viswamitra was called a Brahmin by Vasishtha after a long penance observed by him. Tamil kings and emperors of North India donated a lot to the Brahmins; Asoka mentioned Brahmins first and then Sramanas in his inscriptions.

Virtuous are called Brahmins

 

“It is the virtuous that are called Brahmins (Anthanar in Tamil) for it is they that scatter kindness towards all that breathes”- Kural 30

“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people” (294 Dhammapada).

 

He who hurts not with his thoughts, or words or deeds, who keeps these three under control – him I call a brahmin -(391 Dhammapada).

xxx

 

Don’t Hurt Brahmins

 

“Cows yield less and men of six duties forget their book (Vedas), if the king does not guard justice”- (Kural 560)

Cows and Brahmins will be paired together in most of the Tamil verses and Sanskrit hymns (E.g Bhagavad Gita 5-18 and Sambandar Tevaram)

One should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil. Alas for the man who hurts a Brahmin; Als for the Brahmin who returns evil for evil- (Dhammapada 389)

 

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Men of Character

“ A Brahmin can learn anew the Vedas even if he forgets his leaning; but if he fails in his conduct he slips down in his rank of birth”- Kural 134

Brahmins are placed first in the four castes in all the ancient books. If they lose the character they lose their birth right.

It is Manu Smrti also.

A man becomes not a Brahmin by long hair or family of birth. The man in whom truth and holiness, he is in joy and he is a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 393)

Of what use is your tangled hair, foolish man, of use your antelope garment, if within you have tangled cravings, and without ascetic ornaments-(Dhammapada 394)

 

 

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King and the Brahmins

 

As the ultimate basis of the Vedas of the sages/brahmins and the dharma of wise men

stands the straight sceptre of a just king- Kural 543

 

Here Valluvar used the Tamil word ‘book of the Anthanar’ and the word Anthanar stands for brahmins.

 

It is sweet in this world to be a mother; and to be a father is sweet. It is sweet in this world to be a monk; and to be a saintly Brahmin is sweet (Dhammapada 332)

Who clings not to sensuous pleasurers, even water clings nt to the lotus leaf, or a grain of mustard seed  to the point of a needle – him I call a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 401)

 

 

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Avoidance of Killing (Non Killing)

In another Kural/couplet he mentioned the fire sacrifices of the Brahmins:

Far better and holier than a thousand oblations on the sacrificial fires is the one sacred act of abstaining from the flesh of a slaughtered animal (Kural 259)

Manu gives the same message in Manu Smrti 5-53:

“The man who offers a horse sacrifice (Asva medha Yajna) every year for a hundred years and the man who does not eat meat, the two of them reap the same fruit of good deeds” -Manu 5-53

This is about the Brahmins sacrifices; though Asva medha was done by the kings, only Brahmins performed it for them.

Who hurts not any living being, whether feeble or strong, who neither kills nor causes to kill – him I call a Brahmin- (Dhammapada 405)

 

But although a man may wear fine clothing, if he lives peacefully; and is good, self-possessed, has faith and is pure; and if does not hurt any living being, he is a holy Brahmin, a hermit of seclusion, a monk called a Bikshu (Dhammapada 142)

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Brahmins – Gods on Earth!

“Those who in this world enjoy instruction which is the food of the ear, are equal to the Gods who enjoy who enjoy the food of the sacrifice”- Kural 413

Tamil words used by Valluvar ‘Kelvi’ litearlly means Sruti/Veda; ‘avi unavu’ = Havis food

Brahmins are called Busurar i.e. god among men in Tamil hymns; Satapata Brahmana call them living/walking gods.

He who lives in contemplation, who is pure and is in peace, and who has done what was to be done, who is free from passions, who reached the Supreme end – him I call a Brahmin – (Dhammapada 386)

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In couplet 28 of Tirukkural, he mentioned Vedic mantras.

 

–Subham–

 

Dravidian Magician in Kashmir: Kalhana’s Strange Story! (Post No.3869)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 1 May 2017

Time uploaded in London: -12-21

Post No. 3869

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Kalhana, the 12th century historian and author of Rajatarangni mentioned DRAVIDIAN in three places. There is a very interesting story about a Dravidian magician in his book Rajatarangini (River of Kings).

 

It is a true story according to Kalhana and it happened during the reign of Jayapida (751 CE).

 

From Fourth Taranga (Chapter) of Rajatarangini:

On one occasion, to the king who had acquired glory in all directions a certain person of divine figure spoke in a dream with folded hands:

“O King! in your realm I have been residing in comfort with my relatives; I am the Lord of the Nagas called Mahapadma, I come to you for asylum.

 

‘A certain Dravidian spell-monger is trying to draw me away from here in order to sell me for money in the Territory of Maru (desert) which yearns for water.

If you save me from him, I shall show in your country, a hill which produces god ore. The king having heard it in the dream, despatched spies in all directions the very next day. King’s spies found him and brought him before the king (Jayapida).

 

Ulur Lake Near Sri Nagar, Kashmir, India (also known as Wular)

When he confessed his intention, the king pardoned him. The king asked the Dravidian spell-monger (magician):

“How is it possible for you to draw out this Naga, who excels in spiritual power,  from the interior of the lake which extends for several Yojanas?”

Dravidian magician said to the king, “O, King! Inconceivable are the powers of the spell (mantra). If you desire to see it, come and see the marvel.

 

 

The king followed the magician to the lake. The Dravidian muttered incantations and then shot some arrows. The lake became dry. Then the king could see a snake (Naga) about a span in size with a human face, which was wriggling in the mud surrounded by several small snakes.

 

O King! I am going to catch him now. But the king ordered him not to catch the snake. At once the Dravidian spell monger (magician) withdrew the power of his spell and the lake became full. (The Vulur/Wular lake was called the Mahapadma lake after this naga who was supposed to live in it).

 

King disposed the magician by paying him some money.

 

The king was expecting the Naga to show him the Hill of Gold ore. But it did not happen. When the king asked him about it Mahapadma Naga said, “I asked for asylum; you did not give me asylum; but you drove away the spell-monger. So I will show you the hill of copper. When the king got the directions to it, he excavated copper from Kramarajya Hill and struck a hundred crores of Dinnaras (coins)”.

 

Dravidian Brahmins

In another chapter Kalhana referred to Dravids (Dravidian Brahmins in Kashmir). Until Max Muller and Caldwell gave the wrong connotations for the words Dravidian and Aryan, the words meant only A South Indian (Dravida) , A cultured person or ascetics of Himalayas ( aryan) in Indian literature.

Following is the reference found in Eighth Taranga (chapter)

“The daughter’s son of the chief of Karapatha settled in this place (Simhapura). Brahmans born in Indus region as well as Dravid Brahmans who formerly lived in the centre of siddhacchatra.”

 

Translator R S Pandit adds a footnote: As late as the 12th century Dravid Brahmans are mentioned as students in Kashmir.

 

My old articles on Kalhana’s Rajatarangini and Kashmir

 

1.Who are Dravidians? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2013/07/17/who-are-dravidians/

17 Jul 2013 – He says ‘Pancha Dravida‘ means the Brahmins of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Here again the word …

 

 

2.Ramayana cures Curses! Rajatarangini Episode! (Post No.3754); Date: 24 March 2017

 

3.Kaliyuga Calculation: Kalhana’s Blunder!

Post No: 1574: Dated 14th January 2015

 

4.Nehru on Rajatarangini; Article No.1465; Dated 7th December 2014.

 

5.Kashmiri King who attacked Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka; Article No.1468; Dated 8th December 2014.

 

(6). 106 Kings of Hindu Kashmir!; Post No: 1577: Dated 15th January 2015

 

7.Beautiful Names of Ancient Kashmiri Women!; Article No 1583; Dated 17th January 2015.

 

8.Sanskrit in Mahmud of Ghazni Coins!; Article No 1579; Dated 16th January 2015

 

–SUBHAM–