KILL ANYONE, NO SIN IF YOU ARE A BRAHMIN: MANU AND BUDDHA SAY! (Post No.4402)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 21-09

 

 

Post No. 4402

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

KILL ANYONE, NO SIN IF YOU ARE A BRAHMIN: MANU AND BUDDHA SAY! (Post No.4402)

Manu said that if anyone can recite the Rig Veda, even if he destroys the three worlds, he incurs no sin!

Buddha said that even if a Brahmin killed a king, his father and mother, he incurs no sin! It may look strange. But one must read between the lines.

 

What is the message they want to give us?

A true Brahmin who has mastered Rig veda can’t think of anything like hurting anyone; leave alone destroying the three worlds.

A true Brahmin, according to Buddha, is equal to a saint, i.e. one with saintly virtues. So, he can’t think of hurting anyone.

 

Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar also said that “A Brahmin is kind to all creatures” (Kural 30)

 

MANU ON RV

“A Brahmin by retaining Rig Veda (RV) in his memory incurs no guilt, though he should destroy the three worlds”– 11-261

Manu on the Veda

“The Veda is the eternal eye of the ancestors, gods and humans; the teachings of the Veda are impossible to master and impossible to measure; this is an established fact”–Manu 12-94

The same verse is translated by Monier Williams as follows:-

“The Veda is of patriarchs and men

And even of gods, a very eye eternal

Giving unerring light; it is beyond

All finite faculties, nor can be proved

By force of human argument—this is

A positive conclusion”–  Manu 12-94

 

 

Buddha Says:–

 

“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people”

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 294

 

Because he has put away evil, he is called a Brahmin; because he lives in peace, he is called a ‘samana’; because he leaves all sins behind, he is called a ‘Pabbajita’, a pilgrim.

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 388

Ons should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil

–Buddha in Dhammapada, Sloka 389

 

It is important that we should never quote anything out of context; more important is that we should understand the meaning behind the words.

Foreigners who quoted Vedic hymns always used them out of context and took literary meaning. So we must be careful when we read anything written by foreign and non-Hindu hands.

–Subham, Subham-

பிராமணன் ராவணன், ராவணன் பிராமணன்–கம்பர், அப்பர் செப்பல் (Post No.4393)

பிராமணன் ராவணன், ராவணன் பிராமணன்–கம்பர், அப்பர் செப்பல் (Post No.4393)

 

 Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 13 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 18-21

 

 

Post No. 4393

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

பூணூல் அணிந்த ராவணனை, “இரா+வண்ணன்= இருட்டு போலக் கருப்பு நிறத்தன்” என்று சொல்லி அவனுக்கு திராவிட முத்திரை குத்தும் அறிவிலிகள் உலகில் உண்டு! இப்படிப் பிரித்தாளும் சூட்சி உடையோர் தமிழ் நாட்டில் காலடி எடுத்து வைப்பர் என்று முன் உணர்வால் அறிந்து இராவணனுக்கு பிராமணன் என்று ‘அக்மார்க்’ முத்திரை வைத்துவிட்டனர் அப்பரும் கம்பரும். ஒருவர் சுமார் 1500 ஆண்டுகளுக்கும் மற்றொருவர் 1000 . ஆண்டுகளுக்கும் முன் வாழ்ந்தவர்.

 

 

அப்பர் நாலாம் திருமுறையில் ராவணன் பற்றிச் சொல்லுகையில் அவனுடைய பூணூலையும் சேர்த்துப் பாடுகிறார்.

 

அசுரர்கள் ராக்ஷசர்கள் தேவர்கள், நாகர்கள் முதலியோர் , ஒரு தாய் வயிற்றுப் பிள்ளைகள் என்று நம் வேத, இதிஹாச புராணங்கள் பேசும்; ஆனால் வேற்றுமை பாராட்டி இந்துக்களைப் பிரிக்க விரும்பும் அரசியல்வாதிகளும், பிற மதத்தினரும் ஒரு சாராரை திராவிடர்கள் என்றும், பழங்குடி மக்கள் என்றும் சொல்லிப் பிரித்தாளுவர்.

 

எல்லாக் கதைகளிலும் சிவனிடமோ, பிரம்மாவிடமோ அசுரர்களும் வரம் வாங்கினர். அவர்களும் ஒரே கடவுளை வணங்கினர்; அந்தக் கடவுளரும் பாரபட்சமின்றி வரம் ஈந்தனர். ஆனால் உலக விதி, ‘அறம் வெல்லும், பாவம் தோற்கும்’ என்பதாகும். இதனால் வரம் பெற்றும் கூடத் தீயோர் வெல்ல முடியாது. ராவணனும் பல வரங்களைப் பெற்றும், செய்த தவற்றினால் உயிர் இழந்தான். ராவணன் பூணூல் பற்றி அப்பர் தரும்  தகவல் இதோ:

 

மாலினா ணங்கையஞ்ச மதிலிலங் கைக்குமன்னன்

வேலினான் வெகுண்டெடுக்கக் காண்டலும் வேத நாவன்

நூலினா  னோக்கிநக்கு நொடிப்பதோ ரளவில்வீழக்

காலினா  லூன்றியிட்டார் கழிப்பாலைச் சேர்ப்பனாரே

பொருள்:-

பெருமையுடைய உமா தேவியார் அஞ்சுமாறு, முப்புரிநூல் அணிந்த திரு மார்பினரும், வேதம் ஓதும் திரு நாவினை உடையவருமான இராவணன், கயிலை மலையைப் பெயர்த்தெடுக்க,  ஈசன் ஒரு நொடிப்பொழுதில் அவ்வரக்கன் அஞ்சுமாறு திருப்பாத விரலால் அமுக்கியவர். அந்த ஈசன் உறையும் இடமே கழிப்பாலை என்னும் திருத்தலம்

 

 

வேத நாவர்- மறை ஓதும் நாவினை உடையோர்

நூலினான் – நூல்களை உணர்ந்தவன், பூணூல் அணிந்தவன்

 

இரண்டும் இராவணனைக் குறித்தன எனக் கொண்டு, சாம வேத கானம் பாடியவன், நூல்களை உணர்ந்தவன், பூணூல் அணிந்தவன் என்றுரைத்தல் பொருத்தம் உடைத்து என்று தருமபுர ஆதீனப் புலவரின் தேவார உரை கூறும்.

 

இதி வேதம் ஓதுதலையும், முப்புரி நூல் அணிவதையும் சிலர் சிவன் மீது ஏற்றிச் சொல்லுவர். அப்படிச் சொல்லும் வழக்கம் அரிது. அப்படிச் சொன்னாலும் அதை பிரம்மனுக்கே ஏற்றிச் சொல்லுவர்.

 

பூணூலும் வேத நாவும் ராவணனையே குறிக்கும் என்பதற்கு கம்ப ராமாயணம் துணை புரியும்; இதோ கம்பன் கூற்று:–

வையம் தந்த நான்முகன் மைந்தன் மகன் மைந்தன்

ஐயன் வேதம் ஆயிரம் வல்லோன் — என்று சுந்தர காண்ட நிந்தனைப் படலத்தில் ராவணனை வருணிக்கிறான் கம்பன்; இதன் பொருள்:-உலகைப் படைத்தவன் பிரம்மன்; அவன் மகன் புலஸ்தியன்; அவன் மகன் விசிரவசு; அவன் மகன் ராவணன்; ஆயிரம் கிளைகளை உடைய சாம வேதத்தில் வல்லவன்.

பிரம்மாவை வேதியன், பிராமணன் என்றே இலக்கியங்கள் போற்றும்

அக்க குமாரன் வதைப் படலத்தில் கம்பன் சொல்லுவான்:

அயன் மகன் மகன் மகன் அடியில் வீழ்ந்தனள்

மயன்மகள் வயிறு அலைத்து  அலறி மாழ்கினாள் என்று. இதன் பொருளாவது– மயனுடைய மகளான மண்டோதரி தன் கணவனான ராவணனிடம் சென்று வயிற்றில் அடித்துக்கொண்டு அலறினாள்– சீதையை விட்டுவிடு என்று. ராவணனுக்குக் கம்பன் கொடுக்கும் அடை மொழி– பிரம்மனின் மகனான, புலஸ்தியன் மகனான, விசிரவசுவின் மகனான ராவணன்  என்பதாகும்.

அதே சுந்தர காண்டத்தில் பிணிவீட்டு படலத்தில்,

அந்தணன் உலகம் மூன்றும் ஆதியின் அறத்தின் ஆற்றல்

தந்தவன் அன்புக்கு ஆன்ற தவநெறி உணர்ந்த தக்கோய்” என்று சொல்லுவான்; உலகங்கள் மூன்றையும் ஆதிகாலத்தில் படைத்த அந்தணன் பிரம்மாவின் வழி வந்தவனே! என்று  ராவணனை போற்றும் வரிகள் இவை. ஆக கம்பராமாயணம் முழுதும் ராவணன் ஒரு பிராமணன் என்று அடிக் கோடிட்டுக் கொண்டே செல்வான் கம்பன். இதன் காரணமாகவே தேவாரத்துக்கு உரை எழுதிய பெரியாரும் பூணுல் அணிந்ததையும் வேத பாராயணம் செய்ததையும் அப்பர் பாட்டில் ராவணனுக்கு உரித்தானதாகச் சொல்கி றார். நாம் அதை ஏற்பதில் தயக்கம் ஏதுமில்லை.

 

சுபம் –

 

100 Gods in Daily worship! Brahmin Wonder!! (Post No.4273)

Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 5 October 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 8-36  am

 

Post No. 4273

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

It is amazing to see that Brahmins worship nearly 100 gods and saints everyday in their worship. Seven Vedic gods, seven seers (rishis), Goddess Gayatri, nine planets,  historical figures like Janamejaya, Jarat karu, Astika and their Gotra(clan) seers (rishis), Yama (god of death), four directions are included in their worship. But some are optional. They do it three times a day! (but I do only two times every day). It is a great wonder they have been doing it for over 5000 years without break. No modern religion existed at that time except Hinduism. Brahmins are like fossils who preserve the oldest rituals in the world. in the olden days, they were called Angels on Earth because of their character and selfless service. Sangam Tamil poet Kabilar, who contributed highest number of poems to Sangam corpus is praised by other poets as a Brahmin of spotless character ( Pulan Azukkatra Anthanaalan). It was sung 2000 years ago. He was a revolutionary Brahmin who opposed the three great Tamil Kings Chera, Choza and Pandya and took two daughters of a philanthropist chieftain called Pari and begged to every Kshatria to marry them. A man who did selfless service without any caste differences. At the end, he sacrificed himself in the fire like the great Ramayana Rishis (seers) and the tribal woman Sabari.

Now back to daily worship of Brahmins:–

 

 

Brahmins have been doing a daily ritual called Sandhya Vandanam. It is Sun Worship three times a day. In the morning before sunrise, in the noon and in the evening before sunset Brahmins do it. And in the olden days other two castes (Kshatriyas/warriors and Vaisyas/Businessmen) were also doing it. After wearing the sacred thread at the age of 7 or 9 or 11 respectively the males of 3 castes started doing it. It is a water ceremony. They can’t do it without water.

 

(This explodes the Max Muller Myth about Vedic Hindus coming from cold central Asia or Europe. This is the oldest ceremony followed by any community in the world. Had they lived in cold countries they would not have used WATER. Hindus take bath everyday where as other communities don’t do it. So Hindus are the sons of the soil- India. During 3 times Sandhya vandana they have to use water over 100 times!!!!!!!!!!!!)

 

In this article, I am going to show you a wonder the Brahmins do every day. As a Brahmin I do it twice a day instead of thrice a day on the banks of River Thames in London. When I counted the number of saints and Gods in the ritual I was surprised.

 

Though different sects of Brahmins slightly change it, the main rituals are same. They use the oldest book in the world- the Rig Veda in addition to other Vedic scriptures.

 

Let us count the number of Gods according to Yajur Veda (smarta) followers:

 

Lord Ganapathi

 

1-3:- First they purify themselves by taking three sips of water by reciting Achyuta, Anantha and Govinda

 

4-15: Then they do touch twelve parts of the body with water while reciting 12 names of Vishnu (though Govinda is repeated here I will include it):–

 

Keshava, Narayana, Madhava, Govinda, Vishnu, Madhusoodana, Trivikrama, Vamana,Sridhara, Hrushikesa, Padmanabha, Damodara.

  1. Then they worship Lord Ganapathi facing sun in the east.
  2. Om is also added with most of the Mantras

 

18-24.Here they do recite the names of seven Lokas (holy spheres)

Bhu, Bhuvaha,Suvah, Mahah, Janah, Tapah, Satyam

 

  1. The most powerful mantra Gayatri is recited in several places

 

  1. In the Sankalpa (intention to do this ritual or Vow) They do say ‘Parameswara/ Siva’ (other sects may have different God’s names)
  2. Then Apah/water is worshipped/praised

28.Then Surya/Sun or Agni /Fire mantra is recited

  1. Brahman’s name– The Supreme Being– comes in the Upanishad mantra, identifying f the self with the supreme God (brahmai vaham asmi)

30.-38 At the end of the first part water is offered to Nine celestial objects. 12 names of Vishnu are also recited, which we have already included.

SECOND PART of Sandhya Vandana

39.Brahma

40.Paramatma

41-46: Seven Seers: Atri, Bruhu, Kutsa, Vasistha, Gautama, Kasyaa, Aangiasa:

47-53: Seven meters are recited; they mean the some meters in prosody and Goddesses as well:

Gayatri, Ushnik, Anushtu, Brhati, Pankti, Trishtup, Jagatya

 

( I have included Gayatri in the count because it may be  considered a grammatical term here)

54- 60 Seven Vedic Gods are worshipped here

Agni, Vayu, Arka, Vageesa, Varuna, Indra, Visvedevatah

(Note Agni comes for the second time)

Then Gayatri is worshipped

61 and 62 :Visvamitra Rishi’s name and Savita’s name are recited

 

63 Gayatri is asked to go to her abode: Uttame Shikare (Mount Meru is mentioned ; she resides on top of a mountain like Babylonian Gods; Ziggurat= Shikara)

64.Sun God is worshipped

65.Mitra is worshipped

(Then comes Sun and Varuna; we have already counted their heads)

66-69: Four Devis in four directions and ‘All gods’ are worshipped: Sandhya, Savitri, Gayatri, Saraswathy, Sarva Devatas

 

70 to 75: during personal salutation we give our name, our Gotra name, names of the rishis in the Gotra (clan or group) , Sutra name ( in my case I say Vaisvamitra, Aghamarshana, Kausika,Apastamba Sutrah ; My name swaminathan etc)

 

76-79: Four Directions are worshipped

80, 81, 82,: Upper Region, Middle region, Sky

 

83 and 84- Yama and his assistant Chitragupta

85.Harihara (Krshna Pingalam)

 

PM NARENDRA MODI WORSHIPPING RIVER NARMADHA

 

86, 87, 88, 89, 90-Certain people do Narmadha vandanam where the names of River Narmada, and historical figures Janamejaya, Astika, Jaratkaru, Nga Kings Pannakebhya are worshipped

(Some people don’t do it)

91.Narayana

  1. Krishna

93.Om Tat sat

 

In each mantra every god has several attributes; for instance in the Yama vandana, God of death (Yama) is praised as 1)Yama, 2)Dharmaraja, 3)Mrtyu, 4)Andaka, 5)Vaivasvata, 6)Kaala/Time, 7)Sarvabhutakshayaya, 8)Audumbaraya, 9)Dadnaya (death= dadnaya), 10)Neelaya, 11)Vrkodaraya, 12)Chitraya, 13)Chitraguptaya

If we include all the names for Sun, Yama, Varuna it will exceed over 100 names.

 

Followers of  other Vedas such as Rig Veda, Sama Veda they have longer and additional mantras. So it is definitely over 100 Gods at one go.

 

Normally it will take 20 minutes to finish it even if one recites Gayatri mantra 108 times. So a Brahmin who does Tri Kala (three times a day) Sandhya vandana do one hour or less worship by reciting over names of 100 Gods and Seers/rishis!

 

Long Live Brahmins who do Tri Kala Sandhya Vandana. They are historical wonders!

Students of Jabalpur Veda Patasala

Please read my old articles:-

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records …

tamilandvedas.com/2012/01/26/327

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of … That is why I say Brahmins deserve a mention in the Book of Records. 32. … by Tamil and Vedas on January 26, …

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records -Part 5

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·         No Brahmins, No Tamil!! | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2012/01/14/no-brahmins-no-tamil

No Brahmins, No Tamil!! … political parties in Tamil Nadu has misled the public to a great extent that they really believed Brahmins were aliens to Tamil culture.

 

 

·         No Brahmins, No Tamil!! | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2012/01/no-brahmins-no-tamil.html

No Brahmins, No Tamil!! By S Swaminathan … literature would find out that without Brahmins Tamilwould have died or at least become poorer two thousand years ago.

 

-SUBHAM–

 

About Brahmins: Buddha and Valluvar Think Alike!- Part 7 (Post No.3956)

Research Article Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 30 May 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 20-37

 

Post No. 3956

 

Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Buddha in Dhammapada and Tiru Valluvar in the Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ praised the Brahmins sky-high, but defined who is a true Brahmin as well.

 

Tamil poet Valluvar lived approximately 1000 years after the Buddha. He referred to Brahmins in at least four couplets directly and another six couplets indirectly; but Buddha referred to Brahmins in at least 45 couplets; Buddha was so obsessed with the Brahmins that he wanted them to follow him like the emperor Ajata satru and others.

Let me give some examples for comparison which will show that great men think alike.

One must remember that the Brahmins of those days lived like saints; the very term meant one who seeks Brahman; Tamil words for Brahmins are also synonyms of saints such as inward looking, who sees (seer). Other Tamil names included ‘men of six tasks’ ‘Veda reciters’.

Buddha also accepted the Vedic Sanskrit word Brahmana, synonymous with a saint. But he devoted one entire chapter for Brahmins. It follows the chapter Bikshu varga (Buddhis monks). so by Brahmin he meant only Hindu Brahmins/saints.

 

In short Brahmins were saints and saints were Brahmins in those days. That is how even Viswamitra was called a Brahmin by Vasishtha after a long penance observed by him. Tamil kings and emperors of North India donated a lot to the Brahmins; Asoka mentioned Brahmins first and then Sramanas in his inscriptions.

Virtuous are called Brahmins

 

“It is the virtuous that are called Brahmins (Anthanar in Tamil) for it is they that scatter kindness towards all that breathes”- Kural 30

“And a saint, a Brahmin, is pure from past sins; even if he had killed his father and mother, had murdered two noble kings, and had ravaged a whole kingdom and its people” (294 Dhammapada).

 

He who hurts not with his thoughts, or words or deeds, who keeps these three under control – him I call a brahmin -(391 Dhammapada).

xxx

 

Don’t Hurt Brahmins

 

“Cows yield less and men of six duties forget their book (Vedas), if the king does not guard justice”- (Kural 560)

Cows and Brahmins will be paired together in most of the Tamil verses and Sanskrit hymns (E.g Bhagavad Gita 5-18 and Sambandar Tevaram)

One should never hurt a Brahmin; and a Brahmin should never return evil for evil. Alas for the man who hurts a Brahmin; Als for the Brahmin who returns evil for evil- (Dhammapada 389)

 

xxxx

Men of Character

“ A Brahmin can learn anew the Vedas even if he forgets his leaning; but if he fails in his conduct he slips down in his rank of birth”- Kural 134

Brahmins are placed first in the four castes in all the ancient books. If they lose the character they lose their birth right.

It is Manu Smrti also.

A man becomes not a Brahmin by long hair or family of birth. The man in whom truth and holiness, he is in joy and he is a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 393)

Of what use is your tangled hair, foolish man, of use your antelope garment, if within you have tangled cravings, and without ascetic ornaments-(Dhammapada 394)

 

 

xxxx

King and the Brahmins

 

As the ultimate basis of the Vedas of the sages/brahmins and the dharma of wise men

stands the straight sceptre of a just king- Kural 543

 

Here Valluvar used the Tamil word ‘book of the Anthanar’ and the word Anthanar stands for brahmins.

 

It is sweet in this world to be a mother; and to be a father is sweet. It is sweet in this world to be a monk; and to be a saintly Brahmin is sweet (Dhammapada 332)

Who clings not to sensuous pleasurers, even water clings nt to the lotus leaf, or a grain of mustard seed  to the point of a needle – him I call a Brahmin -(Dhammapada 401)

 

 

xxx

Avoidance of Killing (Non Killing)

In another Kural/couplet he mentioned the fire sacrifices of the Brahmins:

Far better and holier than a thousand oblations on the sacrificial fires is the one sacred act of abstaining from the flesh of a slaughtered animal (Kural 259)

Manu gives the same message in Manu Smrti 5-53:

“The man who offers a horse sacrifice (Asva medha Yajna) every year for a hundred years and the man who does not eat meat, the two of them reap the same fruit of good deeds” -Manu 5-53

This is about the Brahmins sacrifices; though Asva medha was done by the kings, only Brahmins performed it for them.

Who hurts not any living being, whether feeble or strong, who neither kills nor causes to kill – him I call a Brahmin- (Dhammapada 405)

 

But although a man may wear fine clothing, if he lives peacefully; and is good, self-possessed, has faith and is pure; and if does not hurt any living being, he is a holy Brahmin, a hermit of seclusion, a monk called a Bikshu (Dhammapada 142)

xxx

Brahmins – Gods on Earth!

“Those who in this world enjoy instruction which is the food of the ear, are equal to the Gods who enjoy who enjoy the food of the sacrifice”- Kural 413

Tamil words used by Valluvar ‘Kelvi’ litearlly means Sruti/Veda; ‘avi unavu’ = Havis food

Brahmins are called Busurar i.e. god among men in Tamil hymns; Satapata Brahmana call them living/walking gods.

He who lives in contemplation, who is pure and is in peace, and who has done what was to be done, who is free from passions, who reached the Supreme end – him I call a Brahmin – (Dhammapada 386)

xxxxx

In couplet 28 of Tirukkural, he mentioned Vedic mantras.

 

–Subham–

 

Dravidian Magician in Kashmir: Kalhana’s Strange Story! (Post No.3869)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 1 May 2017

Time uploaded in London: -12-21

Post No. 3869

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Kalhana, the 12th century historian and author of Rajatarangni mentioned DRAVIDIAN in three places. There is a very interesting story about a Dravidian magician in his book Rajatarangini (River of Kings).

 

It is a true story according to Kalhana and it happened during the reign of Jayapida (751 CE).

 

From Fourth Taranga (Chapter) of Rajatarangini:

On one occasion, to the king who had acquired glory in all directions a certain person of divine figure spoke in a dream with folded hands:

“O King! in your realm I have been residing in comfort with my relatives; I am the Lord of the Nagas called Mahapadma, I come to you for asylum.

 

‘A certain Dravidian spell-monger is trying to draw me away from here in order to sell me for money in the Territory of Maru (desert) which yearns for water.

If you save me from him, I shall show in your country, a hill which produces god ore. The king having heard it in the dream, despatched spies in all directions the very next day. King’s spies found him and brought him before the king (Jayapida).

 

Ulur Lake Near Sri Nagar, Kashmir, India (also known as Wular)

When he confessed his intention, the king pardoned him. The king asked the Dravidian spell-monger (magician):

“How is it possible for you to draw out this Naga, who excels in spiritual power,  from the interior of the lake which extends for several Yojanas?”

Dravidian magician said to the king, “O, King! Inconceivable are the powers of the spell (mantra). If you desire to see it, come and see the marvel.

 

 

The king followed the magician to the lake. The Dravidian muttered incantations and then shot some arrows. The lake became dry. Then the king could see a snake (Naga) about a span in size with a human face, which was wriggling in the mud surrounded by several small snakes.

 

O King! I am going to catch him now. But the king ordered him not to catch the snake. At once the Dravidian spell monger (magician) withdrew the power of his spell and the lake became full. (The Vulur/Wular lake was called the Mahapadma lake after this naga who was supposed to live in it).

 

King disposed the magician by paying him some money.

 

The king was expecting the Naga to show him the Hill of Gold ore. But it did not happen. When the king asked him about it Mahapadma Naga said, “I asked for asylum; you did not give me asylum; but you drove away the spell-monger. So I will show you the hill of copper. When the king got the directions to it, he excavated copper from Kramarajya Hill and struck a hundred crores of Dinnaras (coins)”.

 

Dravidian Brahmins

In another chapter Kalhana referred to Dravids (Dravidian Brahmins in Kashmir). Until Max Muller and Caldwell gave the wrong connotations for the words Dravidian and Aryan, the words meant only A South Indian (Dravida) , A cultured person or ascetics of Himalayas ( aryan) in Indian literature.

Following is the reference found in Eighth Taranga (chapter)

“The daughter’s son of the chief of Karapatha settled in this place (Simhapura). Brahmans born in Indus region as well as Dravid Brahmans who formerly lived in the centre of siddhacchatra.”

 

Translator R S Pandit adds a footnote: As late as the 12th century Dravid Brahmans are mentioned as students in Kashmir.

 

My old articles on Kalhana’s Rajatarangini and Kashmir

 

1.Who are Dravidians? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2013/07/17/who-are-dravidians/

17 Jul 2013 – He says ‘Pancha Dravida‘ means the Brahmins of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Here again the word …

 

 

2.Ramayana cures Curses! Rajatarangini Episode! (Post No.3754); Date: 24 March 2017

 

3.Kaliyuga Calculation: Kalhana’s Blunder!

Post No: 1574: Dated 14th January 2015

 

4.Nehru on Rajatarangini; Article No.1465; Dated 7th December 2014.

 

5.Kashmiri King who attacked Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka; Article No.1468; Dated 8th December 2014.

 

(6). 106 Kings of Hindu Kashmir!; Post No: 1577: Dated 15th January 2015

 

7.Beautiful Names of Ancient Kashmiri Women!; Article No 1583; Dated 17th January 2015.

 

8.Sanskrit in Mahmud of Ghazni Coins!; Article No 1579; Dated 16th January 2015

 

–SUBHAM–

 

Why do Hindus worship Grammar every day? (Post No.3814)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 13 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 10-12 am

 

Post No. 3814

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

Hindus are the strangest people in the world. Every day they worship sandals (shoes), sun and moon, Tulsi and Bilva leaves, several flowers and trees, cow and elephant, stones and metals (statues and idols), umpteen gods and innumerable symbols including Om and Swastika. In short they worship earth and all its occupants and stars and planets above the earth. This means they see God in everything. Since they have been doing it for 3500 years continuously according to Max Muller and 6500 years continuously according to Herman Jacobi and B.G.Tilak, I consider the Hindus ‘living fossils’.

 

But if one worships even prosody and grammar, numbers and mathematics for 6000 years until today they must be the most advanced civilization and most intelligent people on earth.

Five Years ago, I wrote an article in this blog with 41 points in 41 paragraphs under the title:

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records”; posted on 26 January 2012

 

in which I mentioned the following as one of the points:

G for Grammar: When we do the Gayatri  Japa we do touch our nose and say Gayathri (24 syllables) , Ushnik (28), Anushtub (32), Bruhathi (36), Pankthi (40), Trustub (44), jagathi  (48 syllables)–all these are Vedic meters. Grammar for writing poetry-prosody. Who in the world use grammar (prosody) terms for worship? Don’t we deserve a place in the Book of Records for using Grammar in our daily rituals?

Brahmins do Sandhavandana three times a day: before sunrise, noon and after sunset. They do worship Vedic Gods in the prayer. Just before doing the most important Gayatri mantra they touch their nose and say Gayatri, Ushnik,Anushtubh, Brhti, Panti, Trshtubh, Jagati.

 

These are the Vedic metres, part of prosody (the study of versification, especially, the systematic study of metrical structure). Vedic Hindus paid so much attention to it and stressed its importance by including it into every day rituals. They studied sounds and its rhythm and patters. Vedic Hindus classified it in an order; we can see a pattern, arithmetic pattern in it. Lot of research is required to study them scientifically. Since Aitareya Brahmana says,

 

“He who wishes for long life, should use two verses in Ushnih metre; for Ushnih is life. He who having such a knowledge uses two Ushihs arrives at his full age (100 years).

 

“He who desires heaven should use tow Anushtubhs. There are 64 syllables in two Anushtubhs. Each of these three worlds (Earth, Air and Sky= Bhur Bhuva Suvah) contains 21 places, one rising above the other (just as the steps of a ladder). By 21 steps he ascends to each of these worlds severally; by taking the 64th step he stands firm in the celestial world. He who having such a knowledge uses two Anushtubhs gains a footing (in the celestial world).

“He who desires strength should use two Trishtubhs. Trishtubh is strength, vigour and sharpens of senses. He who knowing this, uses two Trishtubhs, becomes vigorous, endowed with sharp senses and strong.

He who desires cattle should use two Jagatis. Cattle are Jagati like. He who knowing this uses two Jagatis, becomes rich in cattle”.

GAYATRI METRE (or Meter)=24

Three times 8 syllables

This is the most sacred one and it is the proper metre for Agni (Fire God).

USHNIH = 28

It has got 28 syllables

This is the symbol of life; anyone needs longevity use this.

ANUSHTUBH = 32 Syllables

It is the symbol of celestial world

Those who wish to go to heaven should use this.

 

BRIHATI = 36 Syllables

This metre is used to attain fame

PANKTI = 40 syllables

Five times 8

This is also used to get wealth.

 

TRISHTUBH=44

It expresses the idea of strength and royal power

This is the proper metre to invoke Indra

Kshatriyas use it to get strength and power.

Four times 11 syllables

 

JAGATI= 48 syllables

Anyone who wishes for wealth, cattle wealth must use it.

 

(Viraj = 30 syllables; It helps one to get food and satisfaction.)

 

Why did Vedic Hindus attribute certain qualities to each metre?

Why did they arrange them in a particular (number) pattern?

Is there a scientific basis for it?

Has any one studied the Vedas form this angle?

Are they just symbolic way of saying something else?

(Number five is used to denote five senses; 64 used to denote 64 arts; Cattle and elephant are used as symbols of five senses)

 

We must do more research in these metres and its claims of longevity, fame, strength etc.

Dance and Music

Max Muller says, “The metres were originally connected with dancing and music. The names for metre in general confirm this. Chandas, metre, denotes stepping, vritta, metre from vrit, to turn, meant originally the last three or four steps of a dancing movement, to turn, the versus which determined the whole character of a dance and of a metre. Trishtubh means three steps”.

 

Griffith says, “The Hymns are composed in various metres, some of which are exceedingly simple and others comparatively complex and elaborate, and two or more different etres are frequently found in the same hymn, for instance in Book 1 shows nine distinct varieties in the same number of verses”.

More research with all the scientific instruments will prove how advanced were the Vedic Hindus in the science of sound and music.

They were highly civilized, far ahead of the known ancient civilizations.

 

Source Book:

An Account of the Vedas with Numerous Extracts from The Rig Veda by J Murdoch.

-Subham–

Story: The Brahmin who ate Too Much! (Post No.3714)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 11 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 10-17 am

 

Post No. 3714

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

I am trying to document all the old stories I have heard or read in the past. This is about the gluttonous Brahmins. People may wonder why they single out Brahmins in such stories. Of course, there are stories about every caste in India.

 

Feeding Brahmins (Brahmana Bhojanam) was considered a great meritorious (Punya) act; this is because the Neeti Shastras (Law Books) stipulated that the Brahmins should not accumulate any wealth and they should always go begging for alms by reciting the Vedas. So, kings have donated lot of lands to Brahmins so that they survive easily at times of natural catastrophes such as famine, drought, floods. Moreover, Brahmins themselves organised lot of Yagas and Yajnas (Fire Ceremonies) and other Pujas (ritual offerings to Gods) where feeding the Brahmins was done. This gave birth to a type of Brahmins who were gluttons. They can consume enormous quantity of food like a cart puller or a manual labourer.

 

One day there was a big festival in a village. Hundreds of Brahmins had a great feast on that day. Having done justice to their calling, Brahmins were returning to their respective villages in the afternoon. It happened so that two Brahmin priests travelling in opposite directions, crossed each other at a junction. Thy exchanged some pleasantries and then one of them had a big doubt!

“Oh my god, did I forget my shoes? I don’t feel anything in my feet because of heavy meals. I can’t even bend and look below because of my protruding tummy. Let me ask for some help from this man”, thought one of them. He said to the other Brahmin:

O, friend, do you see a pair of shoes on my feet?

Unfortunately, that Brahmin who had enjoyed a good feeding, was unable to look down at the foot of the Brahmin. He looked here and there and told him:

“What do you think about me? Am I a fool to leave some space in my tummy so that I can bend? Had I got that much space to allow me to bend, I would have consumed two more Vadas!”

(Vadai is a fried doughnut like snack)

He , then, made big burp and went his way!

Such was the helpless condition of the overeating Brahmins!

 

There is a saying about Brahmins: ‘Brahmana Bojana Priya’ (Brahmins are fond of food)

 

People use to tease Brahmins by saying, “Oh, that man! he would not know how much to eat in a feast. He always ties around his stomach a piece of thread, and eats until the thread bursts with the distension of the stomach!”

Long live Brahmins!

–Subham–

Causes of Destruction: Woman and Brahmin (Post No.3541)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 13 January 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 21-44

 

Post No.3541

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.

 

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

What causes one’s destruction? Sanskrit scholars (Pundits) have a list; they have compiled the list out of past experience. I am pretty sure we can find lot of examples for each category.

 

Vinaasahetavah (causes of destruction):

Strii – ruupam = woman is destroyed by her beauty.

Chittoor Rani Padmini is a good example; her beauty made Aaludin Khilji to invade the Rajput Kingdom and she had t jump into fire along with her friends to save her honour.

Brahmana-rajaseva = Brahmins by service to the king

Nanda vamsa kings are typical xamples; they ridiculed all the Brahmins including Chanakya; first the Brahmins suffered at the hands of the Nava Nandas and then Chanakya destroyed them. Parasurama’s clash with kshatriyas is also famous

 

Gavah duurapracaarana= Cows by grazing distant field

Many of the village disputes are due to the cows grazing someone else’s field, usualy away fom one’s own field.

 

Hiranya lobhalipsaa – Gold by greed; here gold stands for all sorts of wealth. Most of the non violent prisoners are jailed because of their greediness.

Strii vinasyati ruupena braahmano raajasevayaa

Gaavo duuraprachaarena hiranyam lobhalipsayaa

–Subhasita ratna bhadaagaaram 153/19

 

Garuda Purana also has a similar couplet (sloka):-

ruupena strii = woman by beauty

krodhena tapah = penance by anger

duuraprachaarena gaavah = cows by distance gracing

ksudraannena dvijaah = Brahmins by eating unhygienic food.

 

Striyo nasyanti ruupena tapah krodhena nasyati

Gaavo duuraprachaarena kshudraannena dwijottamaah

Garuda Purana 115-7

 

xx x

Causes for the Fall of Brahminhood: Manu

Viprasya naasahetu

Veda- anabhyaasa = not learning the Vedas

Acaaravarjana = abandoning the codes of conduct

Aalasya = lethargy

Annadosa = disrespect for food

 

anabhyaasena vedaanaamaachaarasya sa varjanaat

aalasyaadannadoosaaccha mrtyurvipraandhaamsati

–Manu Smrti 5-4

 

Source Book: Encyclopaedia of Numerals (Volume 1)

The Kuppuswami Sastri Research Institute, Chennai 600 004, Year 2011

 

Five Day Hindu Marriage- Part 1(Post No.3329)

Compiled and Edited by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 7  November 2016

 

Time uploaded in London: 14-30

 

Post No.3329

 

 

Pictures are taken from various sources.

 

Contact:- swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Please see the first part posted yesterday.

 

A wife is a Gift from Gods was posted yesterday. Please read that and continue here: –

 

Rev. J E Padfield continues……………….

 

“I am now chiefly describing the customs of the Brahmins, who are more particular in ceremonies than other castes except, perhaps, the Vaisyas but at the same time, though the inferior castes may leave out various items of the ritual, the mode of procedure is very much the same amongst all orthodox Hindus.

 

Many marriages are arranged, especially between near relatives, when the boy and girl are mere infants, but when that is not done, the parents begin to look around for a suitable person when the proper time for marriage is drawing near. In such a case, if the father of marriageable boy hears or knows of a suitable match, he will select a fortunate day and then proceed to visit the parents of the girl with a view to preliminaries and to talk the matter over. He is ways careful to take with him his son’s horoscope, as the girl’s parents will want to see whether the youth was born under combination of the planets as to augur well for the future of the proposed pair.

Horoscope

The horoscope is document drawn up by the family priest at the birth of every boy, and a girl, showing the date and even the moment of the birth and the state of the planetary system at the time. This document always carefully preserved for future reference. If the horoscope is favourable, preliminaries are talked over and financial arrangements made. Sometimes, particularly if the expectant bridegroom should be unpromising or old and a comparative stranger, the friends of the girl, on his sending a go-between, may try to drive a bargain and squeeze money out of him.

 

Sometimes when a rich old man loses his wife, the parents of a young girl will take means of intimating to him their willingness to give him their daughter for a consideration. This however, is considered very improper and is against the letter of the law.

 

“Let no father who knows the law, receive a gratuity, however small, for giving his daughter to marriage; since the man who through avarice, takes a gratuity for that purpose is a seller of his offspring” (Manu, iii. 51)

 

Notwithstanding it is not uncommon for the bride’s parents to demand a sum of money, sometimes comparatively large, from the boy’s friends before they will consent to a match. This is very like selling the girl and is the thing guarded against the above quotation. The dowry given by the parents of the bridegroom to the bride, in the shape of jewels, which goes with the bride when she goes to her new home, is besides and over and above the money in question. The name given to the arrangements for this money gift to the girl’s parent is one which means bargaining; and when there are several applicants for her hand, it often becomes very much like an auction in which the highest bid is held out for.

 

My Comments:–

REVERSE VARADAKSHINA: In Kalidasa and Sangam Tamil literature we see this type of Stri Dhana (dowry). But when the female ratio in the population was high the boys demanded dowry unlike the olden days. Now the wheel is turning a full circle. The girls are demanding lot of things or putting too many conditions before marriage because they have become a rare commodity now. For every 1000 men in India we have only 900 to 950 women only)

 

Rs 700 Dowry/Varadhakshina !

“I quote a case that is said to have recently (year 1908) happened in South India. which is, I am informed, only one of many that are of more or less frequent occurrence in one part or another. A certain poor Brahmin agreed to give his daughter, nine years of age, to the son of one of his own caste. The sum of money agreed upon in this case was Rs. 700 which was handed over to the girl’s father and the ‘prathanam’ or betrothal ceremony, actually took place. Within a couple of months, a more wealthy suitor appeared on the scene, and offered Rs. 1,000, which sum was duly paid over, and a second prathanam was performed. The matter came to the ears of the first party and he took legal steps to stay all proceedings, and obtained an injunction from the Law Court, pending the hearing of a suit. The case duly came before the Court, and it resulted in the girl’s father having to refund the Rs. 700 to the first suitor for his daughter, besides paying the costs of the proceedings. After this the girl was finally married to the son of the one who gave the larger sum.

 

This unlawful custom of a father’s receiving money in return for thus giving his daughter appears to prevail mostly amongst Brahmins. Ordinarily, amongst other Hindus, there is an interchange of gifts by way of dowry from the bride’s father to the bridegroom, and from his father to the bride. These dowries usually take the shape of jewels clothes, brass and copper household vessels and the like. The nature and value of these mutual gifts is all settled at the interview between the parents and friends before the prathanam (betrothal). Jewels are also given to the bride by her father to be her sole property; and, in some cases, if a young wife dies without issue, these jewels are returned to him.

 

When a marriage is arranged between a young couple, preliminaries are settled to the satisfaction of parties concerned, a suitable day is fixed upon for the formal engagement, or betrothal. The day fixed upon must be a lucky one, and it is not settled without consulting either an astrologer or the priest.

 

Nischayathartham -Betrothal

At the pre-arranged time, the father of the boy with a friend or two, not the boy himself proceeds to the house of the girl’s father, who then calls together a few friends, and his priest. It is also the proper thing to have musicians at this entertainment. The boy’s father then produces certain presents he has brought for the girl, such as jewels, cloths and ring. These things are handed over to the girl in the presence of them all, and she is arrayed in all the finery. The ring, which is of a peculiar shape, is carefully kept all through life. It is put on the third or ring finger, and the elders present are called upon to bless the girl which they do saying

“may you like Lakshmi be happy and prosperous”.

 

At the close of the ceremony, betel is distributed to the guests and rose-water is sprinkled over them.  After this, when, with the aid of the astrologer, a suitable day for the marriage has been fixed, the friends depart and the betrothal is complete. Like an ‘engagement’ amongst Europeans, this prathanam is not necessarily a binding ceremony, that is, it possible for in the event of any obstacle arising, for this betrothal to be broken.

 

 

Auspicious Five Months!

 

The time chosen for the actual performance of the marriage should be in one of five months beginning from February. It is not that marriages cannot be performed at other times during the year but this is considered the most propitious time. It is probable that this idea took its rise from convenience, for during the period in question, there is little agricultural labour to be done and, as the crops also have been harvested, money is in hand for the expenses that must be incurred.

 

Proceeding to Bride’s Place

At the time fixed upon, the bride’s father has his house cleaned up and decorated, and a pandal, or a large open booth, is erected in front and at the back of the house to accommodate the guests and friends. Permission must be obtained from the authorities to erect these pandals, and a tax is levied for the permission. The bridegroom’s father sets out from his abode to go to that of the bride. He takes with him the bridegroom, a great part of his household, his own purohita/priest and other friends. It is made a great holiday and these visitors always have a band of musicians with them to cheer them on the journey.

 

Five Gods in Five Vessels as Witnesses!

On approaching the home of the bride the party array, themselves in their best finery, the band strikes up and all await the coming out to meet them of the bride’s parents and friends. Before going out to meet the party, the bride’s father, if the parties are Brahmins, proceeds to the north-east of the village in search of some earth from the hillocks made by white ants. This he takes home and, having prepared a space in the room where the chief marriage ceremony is to be performed five earthen or metal vessels with it and places them in a row. In these and vessels he plants nine different kinds of grain sprinkles them with milk and water, repeating a mantram. The grain thus treated quickly sprouts during the days of the ceremonies.

 

Five of the gods are invoked and requested to be present as witnesses at the ceremony namely Indra (the god of storms Varuna (the god of the waters), Chandra (the moon) Yama (the god of death), and Brahma. This ceremony confined to Brahmins. The saying of the mantram is a necessary part of the proceedings.

 

The mantra is

Bhumir Dhenur Dharani loka dharinii

The earth like the cow bears all things and supplies all things.

 

The bride’s father and friends, with the family and priest, go out in a body to meet the bridegroom and his party. When they meet there is a mutual exchange of civilities, such as gifts of betel, sprinkling one another with rose-water, and then rubbing upon the hands, neck and chest of each other some sandal wood paste.

 

Finally, the guests are conducted to a lodging, previously prepared for them. This lodging must not be in the bride’s house, for that would considered very improper. The marriage ceremony may commence on the evening of the arrival of the bride groom and the whole affair lasts for five days.

 

Auspicious Bathing

 

The hour for the ceremony of the actual marriage has to be carefully fixed so as to be at the most propitious time. It may fall during the day or the night time. A little before the time fixed upon, party assembles in the apartment near the place where the grain is sprouting. The bridegroom is then duly bathed. This bathing is called blessed or fortunate bathing (MANGALA SNANAM). After this, seated on a slightly raised platform, previously prepared for the occasion, dressed in his ceremonially pure clothes and facing the east, he prays to Ganésha (the god of obstacles) to be propitious. An image of Ganesha is placed there, if one can be procured; otherwise they place a lump of turmeric  made into a paste to represent him.

 

After this he performs a ceremony of purification called punyahavachanam.  Meanwhile the bride in another part of the house, has been going through much the same kind of thing. She has been bathing and worshipping Ganesha and also Gauri the wife of  Siva, or Laksmi, the wife of Vishnu. Which one it is depends on the religious sect of the parties.

 

To be continued…………….

 

 

What is a caste? What is a Varna? (Post No.3156)

pyramid_of_caste_system_in_india

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 15 September 2016

Time uploaded in London: 21-21

Post No.3156

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

During Vedic days the Hindu society was divided into four Varnas: Brahmana- priestly caste; Kshatria- the ruling caste; Vaisya-the business community and the Sudra- manual labourers. This is very different from the castes of today. We have thousands of castes today. They are based on birth. But in Vedic days the varna was based on vocation one chose. The word varna is derived from the root “VRU” meaning “to choose”, what is chosen is Varna. It meant the profession you chose. Though it was based on vocation in the beginning, later it became a birth right. We see such things even today. A politician’s son becomes a big leader to succeed his father or mother superseding lot of seniors in the party. We see it in the film industry. An actor’s son or daughter is promoted as a prominent actor beating many seniors in the field. We see such trends in all parts of the world.

 

But in India the four varnas gave birth to thousands of castes which is unknown in any other part of the world. Even the Tamil literature talk about different castes in different regions. Varna is a misleading word. Foreigners deliberately left it without giving the Sanskrit root. People were allowed to believe varna means skin colour. The varna means colour as well. But in Vedic time there were not four coloured people. It meant only chosen profession. We have lot of quotations from various scriptures to justify this meaning.

 

Manu smriti, the first full-fledged Law book in the world, says,

Janmanaa jaayate Suudrah, karmanaa dwija Uchyate.

All are born as sudras; only the work decides whether he is a dwija  ( the word applied to first three castes.)

 

Krishna also says in Bhagavad Gita

Caaturvarnayam mayaa srstam

Gunakarma vibhaagasah

Tasya kartaaram api maam

Viddhy akartaaram avyayam (4-13)

The four-fold order was created by Me according to the divisions of quality and work. Though I am its creator, know Me to be incapable of action or change.

 

Dr S Radhakrishnan says in his Gita commentary: –

“The emphasis is on guna (aptitude) and karma (function) and not Jaati (birth). The varna or order to which we belong is independent of sex or breeding. A class determined by temperament and vocation is not a caste determined by birth and heredity.

 

“According to the Mahabharata, the whole world was originally of one class but later it became divided into four divisions on account of the specific duties.

Ekavarnam idam puurvam visvam aasid Yudhisthira

Karmakriyaavisesena caaturvarnyam pratishthitam

 

“Even the distinction between caste and out caste is artificial and unspiritual. An ancient verse points out that the Brahmin and the out caste are blood brothers.

 

Antyajo viprajaatis ca eka  eva sahodarah

Eka yoni prasuutas ca ekasaakhena jaayate

 

In the Mahabharata Yudhisthira says that it is difficult to find out the caste of persons on account of the mixture of castes. Men beget offspring in all sorts of women. So conduct is the only determining feature of caste according to sages.

 

the-caste-system-during-vedic-civilisation

“The fourfold order is designed for human evolution there is nothing absolute about the caste system which has changed its character in the process of history. Today it cannot be regarded as anything more than an insistence on a variety of ways in which the social purpose can be carried out.

 

Dr S N Sharma says

“He is thus a citizen of the world, the son of the earth”

Maataa Bhuumi: putroham prthivyaah

–Atharva Veda 12-1-42

 

Accordingly, birth is just incidental. It is only training and environment that give him specific direction to the development of certain qualities, determining thereby his social category.

 

According to Mahabharata, by birth all children can either be regarded Brahmins or Sudraas.

Yadi te vrutto raajan braahmanah prasamiikshitah

Vyarthaa jaatistadaayushman krtiyaarvanna drsyate

–Aranyaka parvan 177-25

 

Further the Mahabharata says that the Brahmana is one who practises truth, charity, forgiveness, compassion, restraint and goodwill.

Satyam daanam kshamaa seelamaanrusamsyam damoghrunaa

Drsyante yatra naagendra sa braahmana iti smrtah

If these qualities are found even in a so called Suudra, he must be ranked as a braahmana and, conversely, one bereft of these qualities, even though popularly known as a braahmana, is veritably a sudrah.

 

Suudre ca etat bhavet lakshyam dwije tat ca na vidyate

Navai suudro  bhavet suudro  braahmano na ca braahmanah

Aaranya parvan 177-17-21

 

Vedic Hymn

We come across the fourfold order for the first time in the Rig Veda in the Purusasuuktam hymn: –

Braahmnosya mukhamaasid baahuraajanya krtah

Uuru tadasya yath vaisyah padbhyaahum suudro ajaayata

Rig Veda 10-90-12

 

Brahmins came from the mouth (seat of speech)

Ruling class came from the arms (strength to protect)

Vaisyas came out of the thighs (food producer, importers)

Suudra came from the foot of God (Viraat purusa)

 

All the four communities came from the Viraat Purusa(God); this shows all are children of God. Moreover we need these four groups to make the society better. Even if one body part is missing he is called  disabled. In the same way Hindu society is complete only when all the four division of workers function.

 

Today there are thousands of castes. It is a world wonder. How come the four varnas gave birth to innumerable castes. Thurston and others were able to list them in several voloumes. But no one was able to tell us what caused so many castes. It remains a mystery!

 

–Subham–