Kadamba Tree that Lord Krishna used at Chirghat, UP

Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 10 April 2018


Time uploaded in London –  21-36  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 4902


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.







The Mythology of Plants (Mythologie des Plants) says that in 17th century Hindus worshipped a Banyan tree near Surat (Gujarat), supposed to be 3000 years old. Hindus showed full respect to the tree and they never plucked even a leaf from it. They carved a head figure on the tree, just above the ground level, and worshipped it. They furnished it eyes in gold or silver. They decorated it with different garlands.


Even when Hindus cut the trees they asked for pardon. When the Vedic priest cut a tree for the sacrificial post (Yupa Stambha), the priest was instructed to place a blade of Dharba (holy) grass between the axe and the tree, saying “Oh Grass, shield it” and then before striking, to say, “Oh Axe, hurt not”.

From the Vedic days, they knew that trees or living beings and it also feels the pain. Western botanists ‘discovered’ it only a few hundred years ago!


From the Vedas to Kalidasa, we find slokas or hymns praising the trees. North Indian villagers wont taste the mangoes until they marry one of the mango trees to a Tamarind tree. Even Kalidasa has mentioned the marriage of Navamallika plant with a mango tree. Soma plant occupies one full Mandala (ninth) out of the Ten Mandalas of Rig Veda.


Banyan Tree at Prayag

Banyan Tree worship and Pipal Tree worship are very popular in North India. In Valmiki Ramayana, the banyan tree (Akshay Vat) was praised. The descendant of this tree which was situated at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Sarasvati in Prayag (Allahabad in U.P.) was worshipped. People used to commit suicide by jumping into Ganges from the top of the tree. After the death of a Rashtrakuta king 150 women including the queens committed suicide in this way. This tree was famous even when Chinese traveller Huan Tsang visited India. He had mentioned it in his travels.


Neem tree was worshipped at times of prevalence of small pox, chicken pox etc. Almost all the trees are worshipped by the Hindus. Hindu Brahmacharis (students) used to carry the staff made up of Palash tree (Butea frondosa). Even Kalidasa mentioned it in Kumarasambhava (canto 5). There is no plant that is not worshipped by the Hindus.


Interesting descriptions of Tree Worship are found in old District Gazetteers of British India.

A giant jack tree in Travancore, called ‘Ammachi Pilavu’, which bestowed asylum to the Ettuvettil Pillamar, the warriors of the eight household, has been declared a national monument by the Government of Kerala. Some jack trees near famous temples have become objects of worship.


The Pala (Neirum antidygentiarum) tree is notorious for its association with goblins, fairies and other evil spirits. Nobody cuts it. The trunk of the Pala tree standing inside the eastern compound of the temple at Chottanikkara is full of nails. Spirits are imprisoned in this plant and they cant escape because of the power of Chottanikkara Goddess Bhagavati.


Kadamba Tree of Chirghat

In the Brindavan area, there is a Kadamba tree on the banks of River Yamuna. it is believed that Krishna stole the clothes of Gopi girls while they were worshipping Katyayani Devi with sand (sand dolls as we find in Tamil Tiruppavai of Andal and Ambavatal of Sangam literature Pari patal). This tree has become famous. There is another Kadamba tree with the same legend. It is possible Krishna was using different trees on different occasions.


( I have already written about the four huge and famous banyan trees in India, the tree at Kurukshetra, two famous trees in Perur, Tamil Nadu, The Bodhi tree of Buddha Gaya, Azinjil (ankola) tree of Tiruvakkarai in Tamil Nadu, Tamarind trees of Nammalvar and musician Tansen, the real ghost on a tamarind tree, the genetic change of a Palmyra by Tamil saint Sambandar etc in separate articles in this blog)

Seven branched Palmyra tree at Kallal, Tamil Nadu