Hanuman is No.4- Kamban on God! (Post No.5281)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 2 August 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 13-14    (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5281

 

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Kamban, the Tamil poet who lived one thousand years ago, is considered one of the greatest of poets of India. He gave us the Valmiki Ramayana in Tamil verses. Though he himself said that he followed Valmiki, he deviated from Valmiki in several anecdotes.

He refers to the Trinity- Brahma,Vishnu and Shiva. He deals with Omkara and Upanishads.

 
He used the words Upanishad, Om , Vedas and Valmiki in several places . His prayer in the beginning of last kanda “Yuddha kanda” is interesting.Kamban says in the very first verse,

“TO THOSE WHO SAY HE IS ONE, HE IS ONE
TO THOSE WHO SAY HE IS MANY, HE IS MANY
HE IS NOT, YET HE IS; NOWHERE AND EVERYWHERE
HOW THEN ALAS! CAN THE LIKES OF US
EXCEPT THROUGH FAITH ACCEPT HIS BEING?”

Radhakrishnan , former President of India and a great philosopher also says,”if god is somewhere , he is every where”.

Kambar (Kamaban) lived in a period that followed the age when Saivites and Vaishnavites clashed with each other on the topic of Who is the Supreme God – Shiva or Vishnu?

Kamban never indulged in such petty fights. He praised Rama as an incarnation, but kept on praising Shiva as well. His epithets for Shiva were sweet and multi coloured. It is in hundreds of verses.


Hanumar is the Fourth God
!

In the chapter ‘The Phantom Sita’ of Yuddha kanda, Kamba Ramayana,
Through the mouth of Malyavan, Kamban praised Anjaneya:

“If he wants to alter the norms
He will do it through main force
Why is it said that the prime gods are Three ?
This can be but a thoughtless notion
With Hanuman their number is Four

Kamban wants to say that next to the Hindu Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu Shiva, Hanuman is the greatest.

Tulsi das also praised Him as an incarnation of Lord Shiva
Sankar suvan kesari nandan
Tej pratap maha jag vandan- Hanuman Chalisa verse

Xxx

And Kamban concludes his magnumopus Ramayana with the following two verses,

“The great one who had arrived
From Sesha in heaven to Ayodhya on earth
Ruled with his brothers guarding Dharma and the earth
So that all in heaven and below
And in the seven worlds, hailed and praised him
As Our Lord, and gladly did his bidding”.

“Those who tell the story of Rama
Who appeared on earth to kill Ravana
And guard all the world, and with his brothers
Stands as the one beyond the beyond
Will become kings and conquer even Death.”

(Translation of Tamil Verses by P S Sundaram, Tamil Nadu Government Publicaion)

–Subham–