Attention Narendra Modi! Vyasa and Manu on Rulers (Post No. 2684)


picture of Prime Minister Narendra Modi; I am sure he has not got the 18 vices listed by Manu!

Compiled  by london swaminathan

Date: 1 April, 2016


Post No. 2684


Time uploaded in London :–  17-15


( Thanks for the Pictures  ) 




(for old articles go to OR


Vyasa says:

“A king should be

farsighted like a vulture,

patient like a crane,

vigilant like a dog,

valiant like a lion,

fearful like a crow,

and penetrate the territories of his foes

like a snake with ease and without anxiety.


Sama, Dana, Beda, Danda and Pancha Tantra

A king should win over a hero

By joining his palms,

A coward by inspiring him with fear,

And a covetous man by gifts of wealth

While with an equal he should wage a war.


He should be mindful of producing disunion among the leaders of sects and of conciliating those that are dear to him. He should protect his ministers from disunion and destruction.


If he becomes stern, the people feel it an affliction. The rule is that he should be stern when the occasion requires sternness and mild when the occasion requires mildness.


By mildness should the mild be cut. By mildness one may destroy that which is fierce. There is nothing that mildness cannot effect. For this reason mildness is said to be sharper than fierceness. That king who becomes mild when the occasion requires mildness and who becomes stern when some sternness is required succeeds in accomplishing all his objects, and putting down his foes.




Manu says,


In Chapter 7 of Manu Smrti he explains the duties of kings in detail. Some of the important points are as follows:

(7-2) A ruler should protect all the people under his rule

(7-3) When the world was without a king, people lived in fear. And so the Lord created the kingship to protect his people.

(7-4) a king should be like Yama, Indra, Vayu, Agni, Surya/sun, Chandra/moon, Kubera.

(each one stands for one good quality)

Respect even a little boy!

(7-8) A king should not treat even a little boy with disrespect. He must think that he is a human being; for this is a great deity standing there in the form of a man.

(7-43)From those who have the triple learning he should acquire triple learning, the eternal science of politics and punishment, philosophy, and the knowledge of the soul; and from the people he should learn the trades and enterprises.


(7-44) Day and night he should make a great effort to conquer his sensory powers. Then only he can keep his subjects under control.


(7-45) He should avoid the ten vices that arise from desire and eight that are born of anger.

They are



Sleeping by day

Malicious gossip






Aimless wandering (Ten vices)


Physical violence




Destruction of property

Verbal abuse

Assault (eight vices born out of anger)

It is very interesting to read Manu’s views on kings. He gives the examples of fallen kings from the mythology. The list makes very interesting reading. I will give them separately with the commentaries of famous commentators.



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