Ghost busting-Hittite Style! (Post No.3784)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 3 APRIL 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 10-26 am

 

Post No. 3784

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

Who are Hittites?

Hittite civilization, one of the oldest and most splendid in the world lasted for approximately 450 years and  set its signatures to many firsts in history.

 

They were the rulers of Turkey (Anatolia) and Northern Syria from the second millennium BCE. They spoke an Indo-European language (close connection with Sanskrit). They ruled from Hattusa ( now known as Bogazkoy in Turkey). They over threw Babylonian Empire. They became very powerful between 1400-1200 BCE and successfully waged war with Egypt.

Like any ancient culture they believed in ghosts and exorcism. Their methods were very funny. They used mouse to get rid of the ghosts. But their spells are similar to the spells in Atharvana Veda.

A voluminous book released in December 2013 with the title HITTITES gives lot of interesting information.

Salient features of the Civilization:

1.Hundreds of clay tablets were discovered in the early part of 20th century. Their texts included an account of training horses and a prayer to the Sky God pleading for relief from a plague epidemic. (The oldest archaeological evidence for Sanskrit language and Vedic deities – 1400 BCE—were discovered here)

 

2.Once clay tablet referred to the practice of sibling marriage (brother-sister marriage) that was common in Egypt and adjacent regions was hated by the Hittites and they declared it should be punishable by death.

 

  1. On another tablet the king complains of his son who was ambitious to accede to the throne, “Can one who thinks only of himself in this way really love Hattusa? and proclaims a ne heir apparent, instructing him to “Rule the great men of the country with compassion”.

(Hattusa was the capital city. This reminds us of the Puranic King Venan, Bengal King Simhabahu, who founded an empire in Sri Lanka and the Manu Neeti Choza who killed his own son for violating the rules)

 

4.Yet another clay tablet includes the advice: “If you sense someone’s treachery consult the Pankus:, impying the existence of the kind of council and making he Hittites the oldest constitutional kingdom in the world.

(My comments: The Rig Veda has reference to such Sabhas and Samitis. if we take the age of Vedas as 4500 BCE, suggested by Herman Jacobi and B G Tilak, then Hindus are the first to have constitutional assembly; later they developed into Five people council and Eight People Council in classical Tamil period and Classical Sanskrit literature; but we don’t have archaeological evidence).

 

  

  1. The most important of all the clay tablets is that bearing history’s first written treaty, concluded between the Hittites and Egyptians after the Battle of Kadesh, which ended without a conclusive victory for either side. According to this text the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II and the Hittite King Hattusili III pledges to “maintain friendship, brotherhood and their great kingdoms’ against the common threat posed by the Kingdom of Assyria. From that time on the parties are to show mutual respect for the sovereignty of each, preserve amity between them for ever, and act in alliance against enemy attack. Prisoners and deserters were to be voluntarily and unconditionally returned without subjecting them to violent punishment, causing any tears to flow from their eyes, or taking revenge on their wives and children” This respect for human rights was the most significant characteristic distinguishing the Hittites from their neighbours in the Near East.”

(My comments: This treaty is wonderful indeed! This is the template now we use in all our International Treaties; but Hittites were not the first; Hindus were the first. Mahabharata and Ramayana have such treaties; Sangam Tamil Literature commentator Nacchinarkiniyar gives vital information about a Peace Treaty between the Sri Lankan King Ravana and a Tamil Pandya King. The treaty ‘signed; in front of Agni (Fire between Rama and Sugriva clearly says from this day onwards your enemy is my enemy and my friend is your friend as well; even in the same area Mitanni an kings made an agreement by quoting Rig Vedic deities; but once again we don’t have archaeological proof; but the Hittites had it).

Chasing the Ghost!

“A substantial body of Hittite magic rituals provides us with ample information on ceremonial rituals that served therapeutic and apotropaic purposes. These rituals were used to repel evil and remove impurity and they were performed at the client’s place. The ultimate cause of the client’s impurity could be demons, ghosts, witchcraft, slander, contact with impure substances, the transgression of taboos, or divine anger. The female expert that figures most prominently in the texts is called the ‘old woman’, while he best known male expert is the ‘diviner’.

 

Typical elements of Hittite magic rituals include a variety of symbolic actions and gestures. Evil and impurities were transferred to substitutes, such as figurines and animals. The substitutes could then be disposed of or driven away.

 

In one ritual, the evil affecting the patient is transferred on to a mouse: Tin is attached to the patient’s right hand and foot by means of a bowstring. The tin is then taken off and tied to the mouse with the bowstring. Then the performer of the ritual drives the mouse away and assigns it to two hostile demons that have to be soothed: “ I have taken away the evil from them. I have wrapped it around a mouse. Let this mouse carry it through the mountains, deep valleys, on long roads… Zarniza, Tarpatassa, you take it”.

 

This is one of the many types of rituals.

 

–Subham–

 

 

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