Gambling, Women, Theft- That is what Wise Men do- Chanakya! (Post No.4556)


Gambling, Women, Theft- That is what Wise Men do- Chanakya! (Post No.4556)


Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 28 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London- 7-56 am



Post No. 4556

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks



Chanakya is not only a statesman and an economist but also a poet. His Chanakya Niti has very interesting riddles. He used symbols and metaphors to illustrate his points. Here is one of the metaphorical poems:


praatardhyutaprasangena madhyaahne striprasangena

ratrau charyaprasangena kaalo gacchati dhimataam

–chanakya niti, chapter 9, verse 11



Applying themselves to gambling in the morning, to women in noon and theft in the night the wise spend their time.


There is a metaphoric reference here to three texts. Dyuaprasanga here refers to a text where there is gambling, i.e Mahabharata. The whole epic is the cause of gambling between the Panadava and Kauravas. If the game had not been played, there wouldn’t be any story. Wise people read Mahabharata in the morning.

The second reference is about the woman. This is referring to Sita devi of Ramayana. Without Sita devi’s wrong decision and wrong desire there wouldn’t be any Ramayana story. Knowing that there is no golden deer on earth, she desired a (fake) golden deer and then all the disasters followed. Wise people read Ramayana in the noon.


The third reference is to chaurya prasangena- meaning theft. This is a reference to Bhagavata Purana where Krishna’s life is narrated. He is shown as a thief of butter at home, thief of saris on the banks of River Yamuna and a thief who steals the hearts of millions of people around the world- his devotees. Wise men do read his story, i.e. Bhagavata Purana in the night.


Thus, wise men spend their time usefully. Chanakya has made his point in a way which would amuse people and at the same time keep it ever green in the memory of his readers.


My comments:

Why did Lord Krishna steal the saris of Gopi girls? Though we knew all the saris were duly returned and the Gopi girls went home sari clad, there is another secret in it. He wanted to tell the world that whatever he steals will be returned in multi fold. If he steals butter, the world will be supplied with enormous quantity of dairy products. If he steals saris, he would give them without stopping to any one in need of saris,which we saw in the Derobing of Draupadi in the Mahabharata. When Duryodana ordered his younger brother to take away the sari of Pandava queen Draupadi in public, she prayed to Lord Krishna. And she got a continuous supply of saris and saved her honour. In the same way when a devotee gives his heart a little to Lord Krishna, he showers back on the devotee his heart million times – his grace for ever.


Source for the verse: Canakyaniti translated by Satya Vrat Shastri


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