Tamil and Sanskrit names in Cambodian Inscriptions and Folktales (Post No.5387)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

 

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 2 September 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 15-10 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5387

 

 

Tamil and Sanskrit names in Cambodian Inscriptions and Folktales (Post No.5387)
South East Asian countries were ruled by Hindu kings for over one thousand years. Influence of Sanskrit language is seen everywhere, but Tamil influence was not noticed by many. When I read two books written by Judith M Jacob, senior lecturer at SOAS, University of London, I made some marginal notes and I give them below:-

Slave names in Cambodian inscriptions have beautiful Tamil and Sanskrit names. Some musicians and dancers have very poetic names e.g Vasanta mallika, (spring jasmine) in Khmer inscription K 557.

We may compare it with the 400 beautiful names in Rajaraja Choza inscriptions in Thanjavur. He had given the names of all the 400 dancers employed in the big Hindu temple. Some of them are beautiful Tamil names and others were beautiful Sanskrit names.

Xxx


Slaves in Cambodia were treated as ‘goods’ possessed by an owner. They were gifted to temples along with lands and other goods.
A case suggesting two dependent parents is recorded on inscription K904,A1.23,
“me kandan, ta kandan ku Kandan” meaning mother of Kandan, father of Kandan.

Kandan is a Tamil name derivedfrom Sanskrit Skanda.
Va and Ku are used frequently in inscriptions, Va is Mr and Ku is Mrs or Miss.

In folk tales Kandhan , with Tamil spelling, Kam Raj, Krishna Kumar and Suvanna Kumar ( Swarnakumara) are used. Though these names are Tamilized Sanskrit words these are more common in Tamil Nadu than other parts of India.

 

Order of details in Inscriptions
Pre-Angkor inscriptions followed the same order in giving details like India. Here also we see Indian influence.
The date or name of the reigning king;
The title and name of donors;
The name of the god;
Names of the people from whom the donor obtained land to offer to the foundation;
The extent, location, capacity of the donated rice fields;
The names of the donated slaves with an indication of their duties;
Details of the subsistence given to the religious personnel;
Details of other lands given to the foundation, orchards, market, garden etc
List of precious objects given to the foundation;
The statement s that the revenues are to be combined with those of another foundation ;
Warning of punishment for anyone using or abusing the belongings of the foundation.

King Vikramaditya
‘Satra keng kantrai’ is a collection of legal tales known also in Laos, Thailand and Burma. In each case the dispute cannot be solved by a mere judge and has to be referred to the king. His judgments are wise and fair. When two women claim to be the mother of one child, for example, he settles the case very much as Solomon did.
It is like our Vikramaditya, a wise and just king.

 

Tamil Anangu
The frequent appearances in the stories of spirits ‘anak ta’ always associated with a specific locality such as a strangely shaped tree trunk or huge rock may be compared with ‘Thaakku Anangu’ in Sangam Tamil literature and Brahmarakshas in Sanskrit literature. This shows clear Indian influence. (Thaaku Anangu= Anak Ta)

When we look at all these stories we come across Sanskrit or Tamil words or parallel Indian stories. That shows even Solomon’s stories are borrowed from India and adapted.

Dhananjay
‘Themen Chey’ is a story known in Cambodia, Burma and Thailand. It is the corrupted form of Dhananjayan, one of the popular names of Arjuna. Also a common name among business community of Tamil Nadu. In the story, he is a poor boy who rises first to be the servant of a rich man, then to attend upon the king, and finally to be the most eminent man in the land.

–subham–

 

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: