Forty-Six Hindu Discoveries and Indianization of Greek Philosophy (Post No.3837)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 21 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 10-52 am

Post No. 3837

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Nowadays there are lot of websites and blogs to explain the scientific basis of Hindu rituals and beliefs. I have also written hundreds of articles in this blog. But I was surprised to read an article by Dr Balakrishna M.A., Ph.D. in the Dr Modi Memorial Volume published in 1930.Dr Balakrishna listed at least 46 discoveries of Hindu forefathers. Here is a summary of his nine page article written in 1930 or earlier.

 

1.The Indo- Aryans, whether they constitute the oldest race on this planet or not, surely developed a great civilization at some unknown antiquity. Theirs might be called the earliest civilization in the known annals of mankind.

 

2.Several scholars have shown numerous evidences of the Indian influence on Greek thought, literature, customs and political institutions, but others vigorously reject every idea of the Indianization of the Hellenistic culture

 

3.The speculations of the Vedic and Upanishadic writers are antecedent to all attempts of the Greek mind to dive deep into the mysteries of the world around. The similarity of Zoroastrianism to the Atharvan (Vedic) religion, the worship of the four Vedic Gods such as Agni, Mitra, Indra Asvins in Assyria, and the Greek tradition of the travel of Thales, Pythagoras, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus and other philosophers into the Oriental countries, and of their acquaintance with Arabs, Chaldeans, Hebrews, Galatians and Indians, in a word, with all the inspired people of the East – all these should lead us to the conclusion that the Greek mind was more or less influenced by Indian Philosophy.

Indian Roots of Pythagoreanism

 

The close similarity of Pythagoreanism with the Hindu philosophy in the worship of god as Tatragmation; the doctrine of five elements, the immortality and transmigration of souls, tripartite soul, the communion with gods, the miraculous powers of the soul, and of the esoteric circle of the initiated; the belief of Pythagoreans in periodic cycle and the kinship of all living creatures, their love of mysticism, asceticism and spiritualism; their pantheistic tendencies; their belief in magic; abstinence from animal diet except when the animals were sacrificed to the gods; the regular performance of Homa; the Pythagorean theorem in particular, and, in general, mathematics, medicine and music, these analogies should lead one to the same conclusion.

 

Hence Dr Grabe positively asserts that there seems to be no doubt abaout the dependence of Pythagoras upon Indian philosophy and science; and all the more so, as the Greeks themselves considered his doctrines as foreign.

 

Indian Origin of Orphicism

 

Again, the cult of Orphicism with its Hindu doctrines of ecstacy, asceticism, soul-culture and abstension from animal food, its systems of purification and sacraments for the redemption of the soul, its belief in a written revelation, its organisation of initiated ‘communities’ or religious fraternities, its faith I the happier lot of the purified and the initiated and, lastly, its creed of the ‘wheel of birth’ of the transmigration of souls or the reincarnation, rather imprisonment, of souls in animal and vegetable forms – these facts show at least some influence of Indian philosophy on the Greek mind.

 

Similar Systems of Indian and Greek Philosophy

 

The Greek theories of pantheism, hedonism and mysticism are profoundly similar to those enunciated in India. The identity of divine pantheons, of religious beliefs and practises, especially of language is no less perplexing. The Indian and Greek systems of philosophy built upon these bases have remarkable resemblance.

 

The teachings of Xenophanes, Parmendies and other Eleatics seem to be parodies of the Upanishadic verses.

The views of Heraclitus, Anaximander, Empedocles, Democritus, Epicurus, Plato and Neo-Platonists, present many striking analogies with the Sankhyan doctrine.

Hindu Discoveries

 

The Hindus were the earliest pre-cursors of the European scientists and philosophers in anticipating and formulating important theories bearing directly or indirectly upon the central doctrine of evolution. The list of such discoveries will show that their scientific contributions were not insignificant.

  1. The Atomic Theory.
  2. Ether as the prima materia.
  3. The Ether Theory of Light.
  4. The Law of Evolution
  5. Spontaneous Evolution of the Cosmos
  6. The Law of Nihil ex nihilo
  7. Nebular Theory.
  8. Emanation Theory.
  9. The Law of the Constancy of Matter,
  10. The Law of the Conservation of Energy.
  11. The Theory of the Dematerialization of Matter.
  12. The Theory of the Unification of Energy.
  13. The doctrine of the unity and Convertibility of human energy and natural forces.
  14. The Procreatrix of the Cosmos is energy and not Matter. 15. Matter is a form of Energy.
  15. The Theory of Abiogenesis.
  16. The Theory of Biogenesis.
  17. Soul-a physiological product,
  18. Mind a -material evolution.
  19. Consciousness–a material evolution.
  20. Sense organs are phenomenal.
  21. Physical origin of life.
  22. The Theory of Epigenesis.
  23. The theory of cosmozoa.
  24. Corpuscular theory.
  25. Life and Consciousness in plants.
  26. Fertilization of plants by insects.

28, Circulation of blood.

  1. circulation of the sap in trees.
  2. Cell Theory,
  3. The theory of the control of sex.
  4. Laws of Eugenics
  5. Laws of Heredity.
  6. Effects of exogamy and endogamy.

35, Physical interpretation of character.

  1. Relation of food and mind.
  2. Theories of the origin of colour.
  3. Factors of the variation of species
  4. Theory of progressive social evolution.
  5. Theory of social retrogression.
  6. The law of the survival of the fittest.
  7. The state as a necessary evil.
  8. The state as a necessary good.
  9. The state, a divine institution
  10. The Hobbesian theory of warfare.
  11. Theory of Social Contract.

Some of these theories can be traced in one form or another in Greek philosophy. Hence there are striking parallelisms in all the important spheres of thought of the Indians and Hellenes. This profound similarity of Greek and Indian speculations on cosmogony and other problems of life, has led many to the conclusion that Greek thought is the inspired child of Indian philosophy.

–Subham–