WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan               

Post No.7526

Date uploaded in London – – 2 February 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

Sun is a star according to modern science. There are billions and billions of suns. Most of them are bigger than our sun. Our sun is a yellow colour star, i.e. mediocre one. Blue and red colour stars are more powerful and hotter. The world thought that these are modern discoveries. But it is already in our Vedas!

Before I give my comments read what A A Macdonell and A B Keith said in 1912.

‘Surya – Nakshatra’

“Surya – Nakshatra is found in Satapata Brahmana (2-1-2-19) in a passage where Sayana takes it denoting a nakshatra/star which gives out rays of light like sun. But the real sense (as the Kanva  text helps to show)  is that the sacrificer may take the sun for his nakshatra – i.e. he may neglect the nakshatras altogether and rely on the sun”.

Page 468, volume 2, Vedic Index

My Comments

All the world literature compared stars with fire flies or little lamps at a distance or candle light till the modern science informed the world that our Sun is also a star. But Vedic rishis always associated Sun with Star or Stars with sun. It is amazing to see that the Vedic seers spoke about sun and star at one breadth.

Look at the first sentence ‘star which gives light like Sun’. 200 years ago, if anyone read it, the person would have thought that it is just an exaggeration.

Sayana wrote the commentary in the 14th century. Satapata Bramana was written around 850 BCE according to the Westerners. But Hindus believe it is older than that.

I don’t jump to conclusion based on a single passage.

 In fact, it is even in Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world.

Macdonell and Keith again,


Nakshatra is a word of obscure origin and derivation.  The Indian interpreters already show a divergence of opinion as to its primary meaning. The Satapata Brahmana resolves into ‘na- ksatra = no power’ explaining it by a legend. The Niruka refers it to the root ‘nak’s ‘obtain’ following the Taittriya Brahmana

Aufrecht and Weber derived it from ‘nakta-tra’ ‘guardian of night’, and more recently the derivation from ‘nak- ksatra’ ‘having rule over night’, seems  to be gaining acceptance. The generic meaning of the word therefore seems to be star. (English word Night came from Sanskrit ‘Nakt’

English word star is derived from Sanskrit ‘tara’ for star.


The Nakshatras as stars in the Rig Veda and later-

The sense of star appears to be adequate for all or  nearly all the passages  in which Naksatras occur in the Rig Veda. The same sense occurs in the later Samhitas also; the sun and the Naksatras mentioned together;  or the sun, moon, the Naksatras  or the moon and the Naksatras or  the Naksatras alone .

–Page 409, volume 1, Vedic Index

For al the above, both of them, have given references from the Vedic literature.


I am going to comment on only one thing in the above passage.

There is nothing interesting if some poet sings about ‘twinkle, twinkle little star up above the world so high’.

There is nothing significant if a poet sings about star’ like a diamond in the sky ‘ with moon. A child even can sing about it. Throughout Tamil and Sanskrit literature we read star girls are after moon man, in Hindu mythology moon is masculine and stars are feminine. Moon is always loved by 27 wives/ 27 stars

But when one sings about ‘sun and star together’ one raises one’s eyebrow. One wonders what! stars tiny specs of light in the night and sun is million times brighter in the day!

But  Vedic poets sing them together in

Atharva Veda – 6-10-3; Vajasaneyi Samhita 23-43 and in a few other places.

More important is the Rig Vedic mantra 6-67-6

ता हि कषत्रं धारयेथे अनु दयून दरंहेथे सानुमुपमादिव दयोः |
दर्ळ्हो नक्षत्र उत विश्वदेवो भूमिमातान दयां धासिनायोः ||

tā hi kṣatraṃ dhārayethe anu dyūn dṛṃhethe sānumupamādiva dyoḥ |
dṛḷho nakṣatra uta viśvadevo bhūmimātān dyāṃ dhāsināyoḥ ||6-67-6

Here is Griffith’s translation 100 years ago-

“So, through the days, maintaining princely power, ye  prop the height as it were from loftiest heavens.

The star of al the gods, established filleth the heaven and earth with food of man who liveth”.

Star of All Gods

In the foot note Griffith says,

The Star of all Gods- SUN

In RV 7-86-1, the poet says

धीरा तवस्य महिना जनूंषि वि यस्तस्तम्भ रोदसी चिदुर्वी |
पर नाकं रष्वं नुनुदे बर्हन्तं दविता नक्षत्रम्पप्रथच्च भूम ||RV 7-86-1

dhīrā tvasya mahinā janūṃṣi vi yastastambha rodasī cidurvī |
para nākaṃ ṛṣvaṃ nunude bṛhantaṃ dvitā nakṣatrampaprathacca bhūma |

“Wise, verily, are creatures through his greatness who  stayed ever , spacious heaven and earth asunder;

Who urged the mighty sky to motion, the Star of Old, and spread the earth before him”

Here also Griffith’s foot note says the star = the SUN

Nowadays we praise someone who has achieved something with the words YOU ARE A STAR. Sometimes we comment she is a star or he is a star. This expression is found for the first time in the Rig Veda

It is interesting to see that one compares star with sun another praises sun as star. So, we can boldly conclude that the Vedic rishis knew sun is a star.

Xxx subham xxx

Science and Religion will Meet and Shake Hands- Swami Vivekananda (Post No.7507)

  • Post No.7507
  • Date uploaded in London – 28 January 2020
  • –         Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com
  • –         Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.


29 Quotations from Swami Vivekananda’s Speeches are given in this month’s calendar.

Festival Days in February 2020- 1 Ratha Saptami, 2 Bhishma Ashtami,  8 Thai Pusam, 21 Maha Shivratri, 25 Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Jayanthi.

Purnima/Full Moon Day – 8/ 9, Amavasyai/New Moon Day-22/23

Ekadasi/Hindu Fasting Day – 5,19

Muhurta / auspicious days – 5, 7, 12, 14, 20, 21, 26



Talking is not Religion ; parrots may talk, machines may talk nowadays 3-134


Religion is to be realized, not only heard; is is not in learning some doctrine like a parrot 3-378


Our religion is not based upon persons but on principles 3-249


All religion is to be based upon morality, and personal purity is to be counted superior to dharma 3-360


Religion is not going to church, or putting marks n the forehead; or dressing in a particular fashion 3-283


Religion is primary. Religion is infinite, none can go beyond it 3-245, 289


Religion is not in books, nor in theories, nor in dogmas, nor in talking, not even in reasoning. It is being and becoming 3-253


Religions do not  come from without but from within.3-1


Religion, which is the highest knowledge and the highest wisdom, cannot be bought, nor can it be acquired from books 3-52


It is an insult to starving people offer them religion; it is an insult to a starving man to teach him metaphysics.1-20


Temples or churches, books or forms, are simply the kindergarten of religion 2-243


Science and religion will meet and shake hands 2-140


Religion is ever a practical science , and there never was nor will be any theological religion 2-317


If a religion cannot help man wherever he may be , wherever he stands, is not of much use 2-300


The first sign that you are becoming religious is that you are becoming cheerful 1-264


The proof of religion depends  on the truth of the constitution of man, and not on any books 1-369


The end of religions is the realizing of god in the soul 1-324


There is one religion and there are many sects 1-438


The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature


Books never make religions but religions make books 1-324


Every religion only evolving a god out of the material man , and the same god is the inspirer of all  of them 1-18


No two persons have the same religion 1-474


Religion cannot be swallowed in the form of a pill 1-407


Real religion begins where this little universe ends 1-97


Religion comes when that actual realization in our own souls begins 2-164


I shall call you religious from the day you begin to see god in men and women.


Religion as a science, as a study, is the greatest and healthiest exercise that the human mind can have 2-66


Religion is the greatest motive  power for realizing that infinite energy which is the birth right  and nature of every man 2-67


Religion begins with this question (is this Real ?) and ends with its answer 2-70

Source book – Pearls of Wisdom, Swami Vivekananda, The Ramakrishna Mission, Gol Park, Kolkata 700 029, Year 2009



Acupressure in Rig Veda


Research article Written by London Swaminathan

Uploaded in London on  – 5 JANUARY 2020

Post No.7422

contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

I explained the medical knowledge in the Rig Vedic hymn 10-136 yesterday on the basis of R T Griffith’s comments. Griffith (1826- 1906) makes another interesting comment in the next Rig Vedic hymn in the Tenth Mandala (10-137)

I add my comments about the Vedic seers’ knowledge about the two monsoons of India and Naturopathy including massage and acupressure.

Here is the full hymn:-

Rig Veda 10-137


Griffith says,


This stanza is important as showing that the Indians employed touches or laying-on of hands to relieve suffering or to restore health. See also X-60-12

Griffith’s translation of 10-60-12 also talks about hand cure:-

Felicitous is this mine hand, yet more felicitous is this.

This hand contains all healing balm, and this makes whole with gentle touch . tamilandvedas.com , swamiindology.blogspot.com


The Wind speaks , weakening malady: yaksma may be sickness in general, or the name of a large class of diseases, probably of consumptive nature.


Who committed sin: sickness and death being regarded as the consequence of sins.


My Comments

This hymn is received from the great Seven Seers; Hindus named the Ursa Major constellation in the northern sky as Seven Seers (Sapta Rishi) constellation. They also named the twin star at the end of the seven star system as Vasishta and his wife Arundhati.

These Seven Seers and the chaste woman Arundhati are worshipped by Hindus for over 2000 years from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari. 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature has all the praise for the chaste Hindu wife Arundhati in umpteen places. Seven Star system is worshipped by the Tamils according to Narrinai verse 231 by Tamil poet Ilanaganar. tamilandvedas.com , swamiindology.blogspot.com

The Sapta Rishis say one stanza each in the hymn; they are

Bharadvaja, Kasyapa, Gautama, Atri, Visvamitra, Jamadagni,

and Vasishtha.


Two Monsoons in the Rig Veda

Meteorology and Two Monsoons

10-137-2 speaks of the two winds from the seas. My interpretation is that they are South West Monsoon and North East Monsoon. Kalidasa of first century BCE, travels with the S W monsoon up to the Himalaya in his poem Megadhuta. He is the oldest poet who tracks the monsoon from south to north. He is the oldest tourist guide who describes all the places along the path of the S W monsoon.

10-137-1 shows the belief in the Karma theory of Hindus. What we get in this birth is from the acts we did in our previous births; Diseases come out of sins. Even atheists would agree that the sinful acts(smoking, drinking, too much indulgence etc)  done during this birth would result in several types of diseases. tamilandvedas.com , swamiindology.blogspot.com

10-137-5 is about the wind born cure. Several patients carry oxygen cylinders for easy breathing. Hindus know from the early days that fresh, unpolluted air refreshes the body and mind. Maruts mentioned here are Wind Gods. Maruti (Hanuman, Anjaneya) is derived from this wind deity Marut.

10-137-6 is about the hydrotherapy; people use water to cure various diseases. This includes the holy dip in cold water, hot water springs and the springs with medicinal properties. Modern day spas are also included.

10-137-7  is about the ten fingers used to cure diseases. Those who believe in the human aura interpreted it as the magical vibration that passed to the patients. Those who don’t believe in such things interpret is as massage and acupressure.  We have already seen Acupuncture in the Bhisma’s Bed of Arrows. So here we may interpret it as Acupressure and Massage techniques with ten fingers. These are all part of Naturopathy.

All the Seven Rishis use nature as balms. Their soothing words will give psychological treatment to the patients. Placebo effect is great.

So I look at this hymn as a hymn on Naturopathy, Magical hand cure, Hydrotherapy, Meteorology and the Fresh air therapy which we get in hilly tourist resorts. tamilandvedas.com , swamiindology.blogspot.com


Long Live the Vedic Seers.



clay tablet with auspicious days

WRITTEN BY  London Swaminathan


Date: 10 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 18-52

Post No. 7326

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

constellation maps

‘Ancient Mesopotamia Speaks’ is a latest book (year 2019) on Babylonia. It is published by Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. The Yale Babylonian collection with more than 40,000 clay tablets and seals is one of the most important repositories of Mesopotamian artefacts in the world.

The Mesopotamian writing system, known as Cuneiform, was invented in southern Iraq around 3500 BCE and remained in use for 3500 years. Scholars in the Western world believe that everything we have today came to us via Greece. Greeks took it from Babylonia and spread it to other parts of the world. Early Indian scholars also wrote that astronomy and astrology came to  Hindus from the Greeks. The blunder that they made was that they thought Vedic civilization came after Babylonian. But Hindus strongly believe that Vedas and other texts were from Pre Kaliyuga period. According to them Kaliyuga began in 3102 BCE. And this belief has been there for at least 1500 years according to archaeological evidence. According to Aihole inscription and Parthivasekara pura Tamil inscription Hindu dating of Kaliyuga and Vedas was correct.

Very interesting similarities are seen between the Hindus and Babylonians with regard to Time, Calendar and Almanac. I have found the following similarities in the book:

 horoscope of Aristocrates

1.Following Luni-Solar calendar for celebrating festivals; for instance Hindus celebrate some festivals on the basis of cycle of moon and others on the cycle of Sun. Babylonians did the same.

2.Because of the 11+ days of difference between the two cycles, an Intercalary Months was inserted every third year as the unlucky 13th month. Vedic scholars also did this and called it impure/dirty month (Mala Maatha). That is why 13 is considered impure, un lucky.

3.Horoscope writing was followed by both the cultures

4. Marking favourable and unfavourable days i.e. Auspicious and Inauspicious (Subha and Asubha Dinas)

5.Good days to make medicines and to take medicines. What part of the body is controlled by which zodiac sign. Though we have lots of things about these in Sanskrit scriptures, scholars believe that we borrowed them from the Babylonians through Greeks.

6.Movement of Venus and its effects on us. Hindu astrology linked movement of Venus and Jupiter with drought and harvest.

7.Even 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature has hundreds of astrological and astronomical remarks in Tamil verses.

Following statements in the book are interesting: –

“Babylonians had astronomical diaries marking the movements of celestial things on day today basis. Akkadian language mentioned them as ‘regular watching’.

lunar eclipse rituals 

Celestial divination is known to have been practised in Mesopotamia already in early second millennium BCE . The late first millennium BCE saw many significant developments in astrology, including schemes linking astronomical phenomena to the rise and fall of business. They applied astrology to medicine including associating signs of the zodiac to a wide range of aspects of life. In particular, we find an increasing interest in applying astrology to medicine , including associating signs of the zodiac with different parts of the body.

The most significant development within astrology, however, was casing the horoscope of a new born child. One of these horoscopes reads-

“Year 77 (of the Seleucid Era), on the fourth of the month of Simanu, in the morning of the fifth, Aristocrates was born. That day the moon was in Leo, the sun was in 12;30Gemini. (..) The place of Jupiter (his life) will be prosperous, at peace; wealth will be long lasting. Venus was in 4 degree Taurus. The place of Venus; he will find favour wherever he goes. He will have sons and daughters.”

Seleucid era began in 312 BCE.

My comments

This is how Hindu astrologers write horoscopes till this day. Seleucus Nicator was a commander in Alexander’s army and he occupied parts of Alexander’s territories after his death. When Selecus invaded India he was defeated by the mighty Hindu army of Mauryas and he made peace with Chandragupta Maurya by giving his daughter in marriage to him. So he might have taken this horoscope writing to Babylonia and not vice versa. Even the 12 zodiac sign system came to Babylonia very late. This also may be the contribution of Hindus. Before that they had some zodiac signs and not all the 12. Greeks spread it to the Western world.


SANKARA AND QUANTUM PHYSICS ஆதி சங்கரரும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸும்! (Post No.7305)



Date: 6 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 8-29 AM

Post No. 7305

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.


ஆதி சங்கரர் கூறியவற்றிற்கும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் கூறுகின்ற கொள்கைக்குமான ஒரு ஒப்பீடு இதோ:

ஆதி சங்கரர் : உலகமே மாயை

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் : நாம் காணும் உலகமும் புலன்களால் உணரும் உலகமும் உண்மையல்ல; அவைகள் மனதினால் உருவாக்கப்பட்ட வெறும்

3 D உருவகங்களே.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ப்ரஹ்மம் சத்யா ;ஜகம் மித்யா  – ப்ரஹ்மமே இறுதியான உண்மை

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  அந்த பிரக்ஞையே உண்மை

ஆதி சங்கரர் : பிரம்மாண்டம் என்பதானது உருவாக்கப்பட்டு பரப்ரஹ்மத்தில் கரைந்துபோனது.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  அணுக்கள் ஒன்றோடொன்று இணைந்து கிரகங்கள், நட்சத்திரங்கள், வால்நட்சத்திரங்களாயின. பின்னர் சில காலம் கழித்து அவைகள் பிரிந்து பிரக்ஞையுடன் ஒன்றிப் போயின.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவாத்மாவானது ப்ரஹ்மத்திலிருந்து பிரிந்த ஆத்மனே தவிர வேறல்ல; அது பரப்ரஹ்மத்துடன் சேர்தல் வேண்டும், அதுவே மோட்சம்.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  ஒவ்வொருவரும் ஒரு காலத்தில் பிரக்ஞையின் ஒரு பகுதியாகவே இருந்தவர்கள், பின்னால் பிரிக்கப்பட்டனர். அவர்கள் பிரக்ஞையுடன் இணையவே வேண்டும்.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவன் (தன்னை) உணர்ந்து விட்ட நிலையில் அந்த நிலையே நிர்வாண நிலை. ஜீவன் அப்போது காலம் தேசம்,மனதிற்கு அப்பாற்பட்ட நிலையை அடைகிறது.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் : ஒருவன் பிரக்ஞையை ஆழ்ந்து உணர்ந்து விட்டால் அப்போது தேசம், காலம், மனம் எதுவும் இல்லை.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவன், தன்னை உண்மை என்றே நம்புகிறான்; அது மனம் இருப்பதின் காரணத்தினால் தான்.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  மனதினால் ஏற்படுத்தப்பட்ட பிரமையே தனிநபரின் தன்மை என்பது.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : புலன்களால் ப்ரஹ்மம் உணரப்பட முடியாது, ஏனெனில் புலன்கள் ஒரு அளவுக்கு உட்பட்டவையே.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  எல்லையற்ற தன்மை என்பது எல்லைக்குட்பட்ட ஊடகங்களால் புரிந்து கொள்ள முடியாத ஒன்று.

ஆதி சங்கரரும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸும் சொல்லும் கூற்றுக்கள் : 

நாம் எல்லோரும் ஒரே பிரக்ஞையில் இருந்து வெவ்வேறு அனுபவங்களை வெவ்வேறு கர்மாவினால் அனுபவிக்கிறோம். இறப்பு என்று ஒன்று இல்லை. வாழ்க்கை என்பது ஒரு கனவு தான். நாம் என்றுமுள்ளவர்கள். நீங்கள் அறிகின்ற (வாறு அந்த) உண்மை இருப்பதில்லை.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ்  இன்று அறிந்திருப்பவை அனைத்துமே ஆதி சங்கரரின்அத்வைத தத்துவத்தின் ஒரு பகுதியே. அது வேதத்திலிருந்து பெறப்பட்டது. ஆதி சங்கரரை விட வேறொரு பெரிய விஞ்ஞானி இல்லவே இல்லை.

என்றுமே மாறாத உண்மையானது, சாதாரண மக்களால் கடவுள் எனக் கூறப்படுகிறது. பிரக்ஞை என விஞ்ஞானிகள் அதைக் கூறுகின்றனர். இறைசக்தி என நம்பிக்கையுடையோரால் அது கூறப்படும் போது, இயற்கை என நம்பிக்கையற்றவர்கள் (நாத்திகர்கள்) அதைக் கூறுகின்றனர்.

நாம் அனைவரும் ஒரே பிரக்ஞை தான்; ஆனால் நம்முடைய சொந்த செயல்களினால் வேறு வேறாகத் தோற்றம் அளிக்கிறோம்.

ஒரே வரியில் சங்கரர் இதை இப்படிச் சொல்கிறார்:-

ப்ரஹ்மம் சத்யம், ஜகத் மித்யா ஜீவோ ப்ரஹ்மைவ நாபர:

ப்ரஹ்மம் ஒன்றே சத்யம்; ஜீவன் ப்ரஹ்மனைத் தவிர வேறல்ல. இதுவே உள்ளார்ந்த அறிவை வெளிப்படுத்துகிறது.

விஞ்ஞானக் களமானாலும் சரி, உலகிற்கு அளித்த கொடைகள் பற்றி எடுத்துக் கொண்டாலும் சரி, ஆதி சங்கரரின் சுயநலமற்ற சேவைக்கு முன் எதுவும் ஈடாகாது.

சதாசிவ சமாரம்பாம் சங்கராசார்ய மத்யமாம் |

அஸ்மதாசார்ய பர்யந்தாம் வந்தே குரு பரம்பராம் ||

நன்றி :- ட்ரூத், கல்கத்தாவிலிருந்து வெளி வரும் வார இதழ் தொகுதி 87; இதழ் 30

22-11-2019 தேதியிட்ட இதழ்


ஆங்கிலத்தில் படிக்க விரும்போர் கீழே உள்ள மூலத்தைப் படித்து மகிழலாம் :-

Here is a Comparison between Adi Shankara and Quantum Physics.

Adi Shankaracharya : This world is (maya) an illusion. 

Quantum Physics : The world we see and perceive are not real, they are just 3D projections of mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Brahma sathya jagan mithya–Only the Brahman is the absulote reality

Quantum Physics: Only that conciousness is reality

Adi Shankaracharya :  The Brahamhanda created and dissolved again in to the para – brahman. 

Quantum Physics : The atoms bind together to make planets, stars ,comets and at some time later they dis-integrate and merge with consciousness. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Jivatma is nothing but a separated soul from Brahman. and has to strive to merge with Brahman called moksha. 

Quantum Physics : Everyone was once part of one consciousness later separated. And has to merge back to that consciousness. 

Adi Shankaracharya : When the Jiva becomes realised then it is the state of nirvana, the jiva beyond – time, space and mind. 

Quantum Physics : when someone deeply understands that consciousness then there is no time, no space and no mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Jiva feels he is real because of the presence of mind. 

Quantum Physics : Individuality is an illusion that is caused by mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Brahman cannot be realised through senses, because they are limited. 

Quantum Physics : Infinity cannot be understood with finite mediums. 

Adi Shankaracharya and Quantum Physics– We are all one consciousness experiencing differently subjectively (because of different karma). There is no such thing as death, life is just a dream. we are eternal beings. The reality as you know does not exist. 

What the entire Quantum physicists have understood is just a part of Advaita Philosophy of Adi Shankaracharya which is purely derieved from the Vedas. There exists none greater a scientist than Adi Shankarcharya. 

The unchanging reality is called God by common people, called consciousness by scientists, called energy by believers, called nature by disbelievers. 

We are all the same consciousness but appear differently because of our own actions. With a single line stated by Shankara

Brahma sathya jagat mitya, jeevo brahmaiva naapara”

 Brahman is the only reality, the living entity is not different from Brahman” that has revealed the inner most knowledge. 

Nothing can match Adi Shankara’ s selfless service in the field of science and contributions to the world. 

Sadasiva samaarambaam shankracharya madyamaam |

Asmadhaachaarya paryanthaam vande guru paramparaam ||


Thanks : Truth Weekly

Source : TRUTH VOL.87 NO. 30  Issue dated : 22-11-2019


Compiled  by London Swaminathan


Date: 8  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 14-35

Post No. 7193

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

Ancient Hindus used  many apparatuses in their chemical, medical and alchemical experiments and preparations. If anyone looks at the ancient medical books they will come across these yantras or devices.

Somadeva explains the following in his Sanskrit work –

Dola Yantram ,Svedani Yantram ,Patina Yantram ,

Adhaspartana Yantram ,Dheki Yantram ,Valuka Yantram ,Lavana Yantram ,Nalika Yantram ,Bhudhara Yantram ,Tiryakpatana Yantram ,Vidhyadhara Yantram ,Dhupa Yantram .

Please see the attachments for full description of the 12 devices.

source book

ஒலியின் ஆற்றல்! – 1 (Post No.7190)

Science Museum in Bangalore

Written by S Nagarajan


Date: 8  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 7-28 am

Post No. 7190

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

musical pillars


Big Guns of India- Longest and the Largest! (Post No.7182)

Largest Wheeled Cannon, Jaivana Cannon, Jaigarh Fort, Rajsthan, 20 feet long of Sawai Raja of Jaipur



Date: 5 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 18-42

Post No. 7182

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Kalauragi Cannon in Karnataka 29 feet long. (Longest in the World)

India is famous for its very big guns made up of iron, bronze and brass. India has the longest gun in Karnataka. The largest bronze gun is in Bijapur. Jaipur has the biggest gun with two wheels. We see big guns from 14h century. Who taught them to make such big guns? It is in ancient Sanskrit book called Sukra Niti. White people don’t want to give credit to India. So they said it was written after the guns came. As usual they placed cart before the horse!

Moghul emperor Aurangzeb had seventy guns mostly made up of brass. Some of these are so heavy and large and so they had to be drawn and moved about with the help of 20 yoke of oxen.

Bijapur cannon with dragon head


The story of the great gun of Agra is a sad story. Sitaram’s water colour painting shows that the unmounted huge gun lying in mud on the banks of river Jamuna. British Governor General Lord William Bentinck ordered to destroy it and sold it as scrap metal in 1833. It was a brass gun of 14 feet long and 22 inch in bore. A man could easily enter into it in a crouching position. Its weight was 1469 maunds.

Many of the Moghul brass guns were captured by the British and destroyed. It is written that 76 brass and 86 iron guns were seized at Agra by Lord Lake. 68 guns and mortars of brass, cast in India were also captured by him in Delhi. The British plundered India and used them for themselves or sent them to Britain.


According to Ferguson the largest piece of ordnance was the MALIK – I – MAIDAN GUN made up of bronze. It means Monarch of the Plain.Its composition was

80% copper and 20 % tin. Its length 14 feet 3 inches.

Diameter at mouth – 4 feet 10 inches. The muzzle is in the shape of a dragon. The manipulation and skill, involved in casting such a gigantic piece of bronze armament proves the skill of the workers in Ahmednagar in 1548.

Neogi in his book Copper in Ancient India lists other smaller guns as well.

P k Gode in his article ‘Use of Guns and Gun powder in India  from 1400 onwards gives evidence for use of guns in that period. Mahun, a Chinese traveller , visiting Bengal in 1406 mentions that guns were used in Bengal.

In memoirs of Babar also we find that he used guns and gun powder near Kanauj in 1528


Description of iron guns and cannons are found in the Sanskrit work SUKRA NITI written by  Sukracharya. If guns are foreign inventions, he would not have written it in Sanskrit. Moreover his book was written before Muslim rule. Sukraniti describes two varieties of fire arms -Kshudra nalika , small guns and

Brihad nalikas, large guns. He gives detailed description of these guns.

In Yuktikalpataru , another Sanskrit work of the 11th century, we find a list of places where swords are manufactured. Benares, Magadha, Ceylon, Nepal, Anga, Mysore, Surat and Kalinga are mentioned by the author.

Sarangadhara Paddhati , another Sanskrit work of 14th century, also gives the manufacturing towns-

Khatikattara,Rishi, Banga, Shurporaka,Videha,Anga

Madhyama grama, Bedidesha, Sahagram,Kalinjar.


The longest cannon is in Kalaburagi Fort in Karnataka. It is 29 feet long and was made during the Bahamani rule in the 14th century.(New Indian Express reported it in 2016)


2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature also mentioned shiny swords. Poetess Avvaiyar warned one king in a satirical poem, that your palace armoury has shiny swords and your enemy’s armoury has swords that are second hand, unpolished, used swords. She hinted to the king that you are inexperienced in war with newly manufactured  arms where as the other one has great experience in warfare.

Famous Guns of India

Following are the famous guns of Moghul Emperors scattered all over India:-

Their weights range between 30 and 47 tons;

The maximum length found was 31 feet;

Longest bore reaches about 1 feet 7 inches in diameter;

They are made up of iron;

Dacca , now in Bangladesh, had a gigantic gun weighing 30 tons. The weight of the iron ball used in it was 465 pounds. It has fallen into the river and disappeared. Venetian traveller Manucci mentioned it under the name ‘Kaley khan’.

There is a gun at Murshidabad, named

‘Jahan kosha’, meaning conqueror of the world, it has a length of 17-6 feet. Circumference 5-3 feet.

‘Landa kesab’ gun in Bijapur  was 21 feet 7 inch long; the weight of the gun is estimated to be 47 tons. In the same town another gun called ‘Farflier’ was 30 feet long.

Finally mention made here of the long gun of Gulbarga . It has got a double row of iron rings , ten on each side, by means of which the gun was possibly conveyed from one place to another.

–source book (with my inputs)

History of Chemistry in Ancient and Medieval India

P Ry, 1956

Gun in Bengaluru


My favourite film Guns of Navarone

METALS IN VEDAS (Post No.7060)

WRITTEN by London swaminathan

Date: 5 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 15-59
Post No. 7060

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Vedic Hindus were predominantly agriculturists. The Rig Veda, the oldest religious book in the world, was transmitted unaltered from generation to generation simply through oral traditions. It furnishes us with a picture of the earliest Hindu culture. Vedic people domesticated cows, horses and sheep. They knew the uses of bronze, gold , copper and silver.

The Rig Veda is regarded as a genuine document belonging to 1500 BCE or before that. Scholars like Herman Jacobi and BG Tilak even place it between 4000 and 6000 BCE

In the RV, we find mention of gold, silver, copper and bronze among metals. A hymn (1-162) gives an account of the bronze cauldron slung over the fire by pot-hooks for the cooking of meat.  Gold was used for ornaments like anklets, rings etc. Mention of metal vessels, tools and armour, made mainly of bronze, affords evidence of the knowledge of metal working.

Some writers believe that iron was known during the time of the Rig Veda . For according to them the word ayas in the hymns of the Rig Veda  definitely refers to iron in certain instances. But many other scholars pointed out that AYAS is a generic term for metals in the Vedic age and sometimes for gold.

In Tamil also PON refers to gold, iron and five metals in gods’ (Pancha loka= Aim Pon) idols. Even in Tamil Veda Tirukkural, it is used for both iron and gold.

Then again in the Brahmanas and Upanishads, which were of later date than the Vedas we find that the word ayas has been differentiated into lohita ayas or red metal and Krishna ayas or black metal, representing copper and iron respectively. So Rig Veda ayas is not iron and in the Indus valley civilization we don’t find iron.  It may be early Vedic civilization.

xxxsubham xxx


Written by London Swaminathan


 Date: 3 SEPTEMBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London –

Post No. 6972

Pictures are taken from various sources; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 11,000.