HINDU’s 12 MEDICAL APPARATUSES (Post No.7193)

Compiled  by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 8  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 14-35

Post No. 7193

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

Ancient Hindus used  many apparatuses in their chemical, medical and alchemical experiments and preparations. If anyone looks at the ancient medical books they will come across these yantras or devices.

Somadeva explains the following in his Sanskrit work –

Dola Yantram ,Svedani Yantram ,Patina Yantram ,

Adhaspartana Yantram ,Dheki Yantram ,Valuka Yantram ,Lavana Yantram ,Nalika Yantram ,Bhudhara Yantram ,Tiryakpatana Yantram ,Vidhyadhara Yantram ,Dhupa Yantram .

Please see the attachments for full description of the 12 devices.

source book

Big Guns of India- Longest and the Largest! (Post No.7182)

Largest Wheeled Cannon, Jaivana Cannon, Jaigarh Fort, Rajsthan, 20 feet long of Sawai Raja of Jaipur

Written by LONDON SWAMINATHAN

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 5 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 18-42

Post No. 7182

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Kalauragi Cannon in Karnataka 29 feet long. (Longest in the World)

India is famous for its very big guns made up of iron, bronze and brass. India has the longest gun in Karnataka. The largest bronze gun is in Bijapur. Jaipur has the biggest gun with two wheels. We see big guns from 14h century. Who taught them to make such big guns? It is in ancient Sanskrit book called Sukra Niti. White people don’t want to give credit to India. So they said it was written after the guns came. As usual they placed cart before the horse!

Moghul emperor Aurangzeb had seventy guns mostly made up of brass. Some of these are so heavy and large and so they had to be drawn and moved about with the help of 20 yoke of oxen.

Bijapur cannon with dragon head

GREAT GUN OF AGRA

The story of the great gun of Agra is a sad story. Sitaram’s water colour painting shows that the unmounted huge gun lying in mud on the banks of river Jamuna. British Governor General Lord William Bentinck ordered to destroy it and sold it as scrap metal in 1833. It was a brass gun of 14 feet long and 22 inch in bore. A man could easily enter into it in a crouching position. Its weight was 1469 maunds.

Many of the Moghul brass guns were captured by the British and destroyed. It is written that 76 brass and 86 iron guns were seized at Agra by Lord Lake. 68 guns and mortars of brass, cast in India were also captured by him in Delhi. The British plundered India and used them for themselves or sent them to Britain.

MOST IMPORTANT GUN

According to Ferguson the largest piece of ordnance was the MALIK – I – MAIDAN GUN made up of bronze. It means Monarch of the Plain.Its composition was

80% copper and 20 % tin. Its length 14 feet 3 inches.

Diameter at mouth – 4 feet 10 inches. The muzzle is in the shape of a dragon. The manipulation and skill, involved in casting such a gigantic piece of bronze armament proves the skill of the workers in Ahmednagar in 1548.

Neogi in his book Copper in Ancient India lists other smaller guns as well.

P k Gode in his article ‘Use of Guns and Gun powder in India  from 1400 onwards gives evidence for use of guns in that period. Mahun, a Chinese traveller , visiting Bengal in 1406 mentions that guns were used in Bengal.

In memoirs of Babar also we find that he used guns and gun powder near Kanauj in 1528

SUKRA NITI

Description of iron guns and cannons are found in the Sanskrit work SUKRA NITI written by  Sukracharya. If guns are foreign inventions, he would not have written it in Sanskrit. Moreover his book was written before Muslim rule. Sukraniti describes two varieties of fire arms -Kshudra nalika , small guns and

Brihad nalikas, large guns. He gives detailed description of these guns.

In Yuktikalpataru , another Sanskrit work of the 11th century, we find a list of places where swords are manufactured. Benares, Magadha, Ceylon, Nepal, Anga, Mysore, Surat and Kalinga are mentioned by the author.

Sarangadhara Paddhati , another Sanskrit work of 14th century, also gives the manufacturing towns-

Khatikattara,Rishi, Banga, Shurporaka,Videha,Anga

Madhyama grama, Bedidesha, Sahagram,Kalinjar.

LONGEST CANNON

The longest cannon is in Kalaburagi Fort in Karnataka. It is 29 feet long and was made during the Bahamani rule in the 14th century.(New Indian Express reported it in 2016)

IN TAMIL NADU

2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature also mentioned shiny swords. Poetess Avvaiyar warned one king in a satirical poem, that your palace armoury has shiny swords and your enemy’s armoury has swords that are second hand, unpolished, used swords. She hinted to the king that you are inexperienced in war with newly manufactured  arms where as the other one has great experience in warfare.

Famous Guns of India

Following are the famous guns of Moghul Emperors scattered all over India:-

Their weights range between 30 and 47 tons;

The maximum length found was 31 feet;

Longest bore reaches about 1 feet 7 inches in diameter;

They are made up of iron;

Dacca , now in Bangladesh, had a gigantic gun weighing 30 tons. The weight of the iron ball used in it was 465 pounds. It has fallen into the river and disappeared. Venetian traveller Manucci mentioned it under the name ‘Kaley khan’.

There is a gun at Murshidabad, named

‘Jahan kosha’, meaning conqueror of the world, it has a length of 17-6 feet. Circumference 5-3 feet.

‘Landa kesab’ gun in Bijapur  was 21 feet 7 inch long; the weight of the gun is estimated to be 47 tons. In the same town another gun called ‘Farflier’ was 30 feet long.

Finally mention made here of the long gun of Gulbarga . It has got a double row of iron rings , ten on each side, by means of which the gun was possibly conveyed from one place to another.

–source book (with my inputs)

History of Chemistry in Ancient and Medieval India

P Ry, 1956

Gun in Bengaluru

–subham–

My favourite film Guns of Navarone

BIG TREASURES IN TIBET- KANJUR AND TANJUR (Post No.7175)

Written by London Swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 3 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 21-01

Post No. 7175

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Muslim invaders drove out Indian scholars to Tibet

Muslim invaders destroyed Buddhist monasteries of Udandapura and Vikramasila (In Bihar region) around 1200 CE. Many of the monks were killed and others fled to various countries. The learned Sakyasri went to Orissa and afterwards to Tibet; Ratnarakshita to Nepal;Buddamitra and others sought refuge in South India, While Sangama Srijnana with several of his followers went to Burma and Cambodia. And Buddhism became extinct in Magadha (modern Bihar).

Many emigrants from Magadha rejoined their brethren in the South and founded colleges in Vijayanagara, Kalinga and Konkan. The comparatively satisfactory condition of Buddhism in the Deccan about that time is attested by the rich donations to the monastery at Dambal.
Monks of the monasteries Udandapura and Vikramasila on their dispersion carried with them their arts and learning in the same manner as the Byzantine Greeks on their expulsion from Constantinople bore with them their intellectual treasures to the Italian cities. In the kingdom of Deccan and in Tibet the Buddhist refugees found hospitable asylums, just as the Greek philosophers found in the Florentine Republic under the Medici.


Tantric mysticism and alchemy were taught at the Universities of Nalanda, Udandapura and Vikramasila in Maghada and Central India and from thence it spread to Bhot ( Tibet) and to South India.

The Tantras found a home in China. Amoghavagra, a Brahmin converted to Buddhism, resided in China between 746 and 771 CE. He spread the science of supernatural powers, Siddhis, there.



In Tibet
Tibetan scriptures Kanjur (Kang- Gyur-The Translaation of the Word)) and Tanjur (Stan-ghyur-The Translation of the Treatises) ) were the Tibetan equivalent of Buddhist Tripitaka. Both represent an immense collection of works (108+224 Volumes) primarily translated from the Sanskrit and subsidiarily from the Chinese languages between the 7th and the13th centuries . These collections are of considerable value as most of their Sanskrit originals are either lost or now unavailable. The faithful accuracy of these translations and their fidelity to the original enable us often to reproduce the Sanskrit texts and thus provide us valuable historical data.


Tanjur, though a commentary of Kanjur (108 volumes) , is twice as large as the former and consists generally of 225 large volumes. Some parts of Tanjur are believed to date back to the seventh century, though the major portion was composed later. It is divided into two main classes Rgyud, corresponding to the Sanskrit Tantra and Mdo, corresponding to Sanskrit Sutra (Science and Literature).

MEDICINE, ASTROLOGY & ASTRONOMY


Some five volumes of Tanjur are devoted to medicine and some others to astronomy or astrology. We are indebted to a great Hungarian scholar Csoma de Koros for his pioneering work on the study of these two famous encyclopaedic Tibetan scriptures. In his analysis of the contents of the Mdo, Csoma has mentioned a work on preparing quick silver, (mercury) described as the most powerful agent for subduing every sickness and for improving the vigorous of the body, as well as a work on turning base metals into gold.

Pandit Vidhusekhar Bhattacharya, in his article on Sanskrit Treatises on Alchemy as translated into Tibetan has discussed about four works and given more information. He gave the Sanskrit names of four treatises as

1.Rasa siddhi sastra
2.Dhatuvada sastra
3.Sarvesvara rasayana
4.Dhatuvada


Some of these works are translated into English.
The original Sanskrit texts of these works belong to eighth or ninth centuries. They are completely lost and fully depend upon Tibetan aand Chinese translation.

Rasa means mercury or quicksilver and Rasayana means Alchemy.

Source book – History of Chemistry in Ancient and Medieval India

—Subham—

—-subham—

HINDU WONDERS – IRON PILLARS OF INDIA (Post No.7170)

Iron Pillar of Delhi
Iron Beams at Puri Temple


Written  by LONDON SWAMINATHAN


swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 2 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-37

Post No. 7170

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Iron Beams at Konarak Sun Temple

SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBER NINE IN HINDU & OTHER CULTURES (Post No.7146)

Picture of Nine (Nava Graha) planets in dance drama
Nine Gems (Nava Ratna)

WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 27 OCTOBER 2019


Time  in London – 16-53

Post No. 7146

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Number Nine is used in religion for its magical qualities. Hindus call their long hymns  ‘Sahasranama’ (1000 names) but in reality it is 1008 names. In the same way 108 names for shorter hymns. The added number will be magical Nine. Nine has some rare qualities which other numbers haven’t got. Look at the attachments for more information. It explains the way number NINE is used in different cultures.

Nava Ratri Dance ( Nava= Nine)

The list of Nine Siddhars is:

  1. Sathyanathar
  2. Sadhoganathar
  3. Aadhinathar
  4. Anadhinathar
  5. Vegulinathar
  6. Madhanganathar
  7. Machaendranathar
  8. Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar
  9. Korakkanathar

Xxxxx

NINE CELESTIAL BODIES (NAVAGRAHAS) & THEIR SHRINES

Surya-Sun- Suryanarkoil (Tamilnadu), Mathand (Kashmir), Konarak (Orissa)

Modhera (Gujarat)

Chandra- Moon-Tingalur(Tamilnadu), Tiruppati (Andhra)

Angaraka- Mars-Tirupparankundram, Palani

Budha-Mercury- Madurai temple

Guru-Jupiter- Tiruchendur temple

Sukra-Venus- Srirangam temple

Sani-Saturn-Tirunallaru (Tamilnadu)

Rahu- Ascending node- Sri Kalahasti (Andhra)

Ketu- Descending node- do-

NINE CELESTIAL BODIES (NAVAGRAHAS)&THEIR HOUSES

Surya

Chandra

Angaraka (Sevvai)

Budha

Guru

Sukra

Sani

Rahu

Ketu

Xxxx

NINE GEMS (NAVA RATNAM) & THEIR DEVATAS

Manikkam (Ruby)

Maragataham (Emerald)

Vairam (Diamond)

Neelam (Sapphire)

Pushparagam (Topaz)

Vaduryam (Cat’s Eye)

Gomethakam (Onyx/Sardonyx)

Muthu (Pearl)

Pavalam (Coral)

Xxx

. NINE AGAMAS

Karanam

Kamikam

Veeram

Chintham

Vathulam

Yamalam

Kaloththaram

Subrabedam

Makudam

Another tradition says 28 agamas:kamikam,yogasam,sinthiyam,karanam, asitham,diptam,sukshmam,sagasiram,amsuman,subrabedam,vijayam,niswasam,swayambuvam,agneyam,viram,rauram,makudam,vimalam,chandragnanam,mukalimbam,purorkitam,lalitham,sidhdham,Santhanam, sarvoktam,parameswaram,kiranam,vathulam.

Xxxxxxx

9 STAGES OF BHAKTI

Prahlada explains the nine Sadhanas (instruments) of Bhakti (devotion) to Hiranyakasipu in a sloka in Bhagavata. They are

Sravana- Listenig to devotional songs

Kirtana- Singing devotional songs

Smarana- Thinking of God

Padasevana- Going to temple/on pilgrimage

Archana- Worshipping God with flowers etc.

Vandana- Bowing to him and his devotees

Dasya- Becoming His slave

Sakhya- Treating God your companion

Atmanivedana- Offering yourself to Him

Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18, 108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas



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26 Nov 2011 – Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008. By S Swaminathan. In Hinduism numbers have a lot of significance. In some places it is used as a …

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எண் 108 | Tamil and Vedas



https://tamilandvedas.com › tag › எண்-108

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23 May 2017 – எண் 108க்கு முக்கியத்துவம் ஏன்? (Post No.3933) … Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas.

To be continued

Nine Planets

MYSTERIOUS MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF THE SOMA PLANT IN RIG VEDA (Post No.7069)

WRITTEN by London swaminathan

swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 7 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 18-19
Post No. 7069

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

CHEMISTRY IN THE VEDAS (Post No.7065)

 WRITTEN by London Swaminathan
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Date: 6 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 19-38
Post No. 7065

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

விண்கலம் ஏவு முன் இஸ்ரோ இறைவனை வழிபடக் கூடாதா, என்ன? (Post 7058)

WRITTEN BY S NAGARAJAN
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 5 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 7-29 AM
Post No. 7058

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Superstitions and Beliefs of Indian Space Scientists 

I.                    IANS reports from Chennai, Nov 7, 2013 as follows: The Indian Space Agency may be sending rockets and satellites to various planets but is also guided by their own superstitions and beliefs, said a retired official of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). 

II.                   

On the home front, ISRO will not start the countdown for a rocket flight at Rahu Kaalam, said the official not wanting to be quoted. 

Rahu Kaalam , or the one-and-a-half-hours of planet Rahu, is considered inauspicious to start any new work. 

“In the case of inter-planetary missions, it is not possible to coincide auspicious time with the rocket’s launch time. The latter is decided based on the position of the target planet on the day when the spacecraft is expected to enter its orbit. So, the countdown is started on the auspicious time,” he explained. 

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Similarly, prior to every rocket mission, ISRO officials pray at the famed Lord Venkateswara Temple in Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh and place a replica of the rocket at the God’s feet seeking his blessings for a successful flight. 

Over the years, some more temples near the Sriharikota rocket port have been added to the list and officials or their juniors will visit those temples and pray for a mission’s success. 

Similarly, pujas, or ceremonies, will be conducted before starting the integration of different stages of a rocket. 

“It is all individual beliefs. One cannot take chance with God and poison,” a former ISRO chief told IANS. 

According to a retired ISRO rocket scientist, a project director used to wear a new shirt on the day of a rocket launch. 

Officials of ISRO are still unable to explain away the absence of the rocket named Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C13 (PSLV-C13) from their launch roster. 

After sending up the rocket PSLV-C12, ISRO jumped one number to number its next PSLV rocket as PSLV-C14 that put into orbit Oceansat-2 and six European nano satellites. 

“There is no such rocket designated with that number,” a high ranking official had told IANS while declining to comment whether the space agency considered the number 13 as unlucky. 

Curiously, following the failure of Apollo-13 to land on the moon, the American Space Agency has not named any other mission with that number. 

India’s Rs 450 crore Mars Orbiter Mission however, was a tradition breaker in a way by flying on a Tuesday.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

“This was the first time in ISRO’s history that a rocket was launch on a Tuesday. Tuesday generally considered as inauspicious day,” an ISRO official had told IANS. 

However, another senior official involved in  the Mars Orbiter Mission told IANS that for him Tuesday was a lucky day as the mission succeeded.

Source : 13-09-2019 TRUTH Volume 87 Issue No 22 

subham

HINDUS DID IT, NOT PYTHAGORAS, PASCAL AND COPERNICUS! (Post No.6972)

Written by London Swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com

 Date: 3 SEPTEMBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London –
13-20

Post No. 6972

Pictures are taken from various sources; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 11,000.

இந்து ரிஷிகள் வெளி நாட்டில் கரடி ஆன கதை! (Post No.6968)

Written by London Swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com

 Date: 2 SEPTEMBER 2019


British Summer Time uploaded in London –16-29

Post No. 6968

Pictures are taken from various sources; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

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