Research Article Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 12 October 2018


Time uploaded in London – 20-31 (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5533



Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.



Eye twitching is common according to doctors. They call it myokymia. When we say eye twitching, we mean eyelid twitching. Most eye twitches come and go, but some can last for weeks or months. They are harmless. If it lasts for months then it may be due to some nerve problem. The causes for the twitching may be fatigue, lack of sleep, eye strain, caffeine, alcohol, allergies, nutrition problems according to medical encyclopedia. But Shakespeare , 2000 year old Tamil poets and Kalidasa differ with the modern biologists.


In Hindu scriptures, the left eye twitching for women is good and right eye twitching for men is good.  Some may differ in it. But all agree that twitching eye means something good or bad. Science don’t agree with them.

In china left eye twitching is a lucky sign of getting wealth. in India, right eye twitching is good (if you are men).

In African countries, it differs from country to country.


In Western countries, the talk about itching eyes and not twitching eyes.

Theocritus (275 BCE) says

My right eye itches now, and shall I see my love? (Idylls III)

Shakespeare (1604) says,

Mine eyes do itch; doth that bode weeping? (Othello IV)

(Is that an omen I will be crying soon?)


N.Homes (1650)

If their right eye itcheth, it betokens sorrowful weeping;

if the left eye itcheth, …… joyful laughter. (Daemonologie)


Jonathan Swift (1738)

My right eye itches; I shall cry (political Conversation III)


The book on Superstitions published in 1780 also confirms,

Itching right eye is a bad omen. It will make people cry, weep etc.


Twitching in oriental literature is replaced with Itching in Western literature.

Now Let us look at the World famous Indian poet Kalidasa (First Century BCE)

Meghadutam verse 94

the doe eyed lady’s left eye

would throb at your coming, I guess

and match the charm of blue lotuses

quivering as fishes dart among them.

Kalidasa means that the left eye twitching for women is good.

In his world famous drama Sakuntalam Kalidasa says,

Sakuntala (feeling a bad omen)

O You Gods! What means this throbbing of my right eye?


In Raghuvamsa Kavya (14-49) Sita’s right eyes are throbbing and the she gets scared. She knew that something bad is going to happen.


In Other places Kalidasa shows that the throbbing or twitching of right shoulder or right eye is good for men (Raghu vamsa  6-68, 12-90 and Vikrama Urvasiya III-9)


We see such things in Valmiki Ramayana, Kamba Ramayana (Tamil) and several other Sanskrit books.

Sangam Tamil Literature

Since more than 200 similes of Kalidasa were used by Sangam Tamil pets I have providing my umpteen articles in this blog that Kalidasa lived before Sangam age; may be in first century or 2nd century BCE. Kapilar, the Brahmin poets used more similes than any one else.


Here in Kurinji section (Ainkurunuru) he used the twitching or throbbing of eye: In verse 218 the servant maid says that her eyes are throbbing which is a good sign. But the commentators say that her left eye throbbed which is a good sign.


So the Tamils and people in North India believed that left eye throbbing is good for women; right eye throbbing is bad.


Kapilar was one of the oldest poets of Sangam period.  Whatever he used was used again by other poets.

In the Kalitokai, which forms the last group of books, two poets use this eye twitching.

Palai Padiya Perum Kadunko (10), Chozan Nalluruthiran(106) used the same image. Left eye throbbing would  bring good message.


This is one more proof to establish the age of Kalidasa. This is another proof for unity in Indian culture from Kanyakumari to Kashmir. There is one culture in India with minor regional differences in food, clothing, manners and customs.




Men aren’t from Mars and women aren’t from Venus, but their brains really are wired differently, a new study suggests.

The research, which involved imaging the brains of nearly 1,000 adolescents, found that male brains had more connections within hemispheres, whereas female brains were more connected between hemispheres. The results, which apply to the population as a whole and not individuals, suggest that male brains may be optimized for motor skills, and female brains may be optimized for combining analytical and intuitive thinking.

“On average, men connect front to back [parts of the brain] more strongly than women,” whereas “women have stronger connections left to right,” said study leader Ragini Verma, an associate professor of radiology at the University of Pennsylvania medical school. But Verma cautioned against making sweeping generalizations about men and women based on the results.




Sanskrit and Tamil literature have a point. They knew by intuition or through scientific study that men are egoistic and more aggressive. We see it how they react in the battle field (see the remarks that their right-side body parts are throbbing or reacting in men). 2000 year old Tamil books repeat umpteen times that the tiger won’t eat its prey if it falls on its left side- so egoistic.

We know now that the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body. The left side stands for conscious actions, positive actions and calculations. The right side brain stands for music, arts, negative emotions and intuitions.


We must do deeper studies in this area and then only should come to conclusions. But a preliminary study shows that their reporting of reaction in the eyes or body parts has a scientific basis.












Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 30 September 2018


Time uploaded in London – 8-12 am (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5491


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.





Two amazing discoveries of ancient Hindus show that they were the first travellers to America and other islands. Throughout Hindu literature we come across two Sanskrit words : Badavagni or Vadavagni (in Tamil Vada Mukha Agni) and the Chakravala Giri.


Badavagni is described as the sub marine fire in the shape of a horse. It sucks all the river waters that poured down into the oceans and so the oceans are within their bounds. Modern science show that there are under water volcanoes which are ever active. We find such ever burning, never stopping volcanoes in Hawaii (Pacific ocean) and other places. If Hindus were not ancient travellers, they would not have found them.


The second reference to Chakravala Giri, roughly translated, Circular Mountain chain, is also amazing. Hindu scriptures such as Valmiki Ramayana and Puranas very often mention it. This circular mountain is very new to western oceanographers. Only when they invented scubas and submarines they saw it and reported it. But Hindu scriptures in Sanskrit are talking about it for thousands of years. Unless they are adventurous and itinerant travellers, they would not have found them. Since these things are used as common place similes, even a layman has got some information about it.


Some books describe it a mountain chain encircling the earth which has ‘light inside but darkness outsid’e. We such things in the ocean in the form of volcanoes. So they are underwater structures.

What is the information available in science books?


Oceanographers have mapped more than 10,000 seamounts. Seamounts are mountains under the ocean. They are more in Pacific Ocean. In some places, they grow over the surface and form islands. They are found in Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans. Unless ancient Hindus travelled to all these oceans they couldn’t have talked about circular mountains—Chakra vala – around the oceans.


I quote below a few verses from 1000 year old Kamba Ramayana and 1200 year old Pazamozi in Tamil. They use the Sanskrit words and so they are taken from earlier Sanskrit books:-



It swallowed wholesale elephants, chariots, horses and all;

Then drank up the seven seas with their fish;

Then swallowed the clouds with their thunder,

Dharma herself, O wonder! was frightened

That is the wrath might not spare even her!


Some it dashed against Chakravala;

Some it rubbed against the outer wall;

Some it flung over the seven hills and killed;

some it disposed of with huge hands

in the darkness encircling eight directions


–Chapter “The slaying of Hiranyakasipu’, Yuddha Kanda of Kamba Ramayana


In the Aranya Kanda, Kamban compared the gigantic hands of demon Kabandha, that surrounded Rama and Lakshmana to Chakravala that encircles the earth and the oceans.

In Pazamoli, a post Sangam didactic work with 400 Tamil proverbs the poet says,


Even the Chakravala, the mountains encircling the earth, may be eroded; but the harsh words told by one would never disappear (forgotten); so one must never do acts that which spoils one.

Passing remarks like these throughout Tamil and Sanskrit literature point out to the mid ocean ridges.


Mid ocean ridges are the underwater mountain chain. They join and form the longest mountain chain on earth extending to 44,000 miles. All these things came to light in the past 100 years or so. But Hindus wrote about such a system and they used it as a common place simile. Every ancient literate Hindu knew about it.


Monier Williams Sanskrit dictionary gives the following meaning to Chakravala:


A mythical range of mountains encircling the orb of the earth and being the limit of light and darkness.


Now we know it is not mythical, but real.


Chakravalam is found in the Sanskrit thesaurus Amarakosa. Kalidasa in Raghuvamsa (13-7) says that oceans gave refuge to the mountains when Indra cut down he wings of the flying mountains. This is another reference to geological science. Millions of years ago big meteorites were falling on earth and then stopped. This is attributed to Indra in the scriptures. Even today millions of meteorites fall into earth but most of them are burnt in the atmosphere. Very rarely we see such ‘flying mountains’; one such big meteorite destroyed the Dinosaurs on earth six million years ago.


A lot of science materials come to light as and when science discovers something new. I have already written elsewhere about the future predictions of Hindus. We are not boasting after something new is discovered. I have written about what is going to be discovered.


My Tamil article on the same subject


  1. சக்ரவாள | Tamil and Vedas


கடலுக்கடியில் சக்ரவாள மலை: … – பெரிய சக்கரவாள மலை சூழ்ந்த …




Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 22  September 2018


Time uploaded in London – 9-49 am (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5457

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.



NEW SCIENTIST magazine has organised a Science Exhibition in London Excel center for four days from september 20, 2018. I visited the exhibition on second day. There was a big and enthusiastic crowd mostly students with their teachers or parents.

Over 100 stalls were there from University departments, government departments, book publishers and private business selling from meteorites to robotic toys. Some of the talks were well attended.

As soon as I entered the site I saw the big stall by European Space Agency. They displayed the models of their future space probes.

What surprised me was a person buying two meteorites for 140 pounds. Such stones from space are available in plenty in India but without any scientific details. Meteorite business is a big business here. The stones that fell from the sky are scientifically analysed, recorded and documented. From tiny samples to big stones are displayed in two or three stalls. Two authors were selling their science books personally signing the copies. Freebies such as brain caps were given to school students in some stalls.


140 speakers are lined up for four day talks.


All of us emit radiation to some extent. Even bananas emit radiation. But all of us know the radiation from nuclear materials are harmful. Even smoke alarms at homes have radiation. A stall explained all these things and allowed us to measure the radiation from different objects. It was interesting and educating.


Geology stall explained all about earth quakes and the man warned me that India is due for a big earth quake (not political!) in the Himalayan range, so do California. But no one could predict or forecast when it is going to happen. Ganges, Sarasvati and other rivers changed their course during such past big earth quakes.


Most interesting was a robot which laughs when you tickle it in its head or cheeks.


Harvard Univesity Press displayed their latest science books. New Scientist is selling their books and magazine at a discounted price. I have taken some pictures which would explain more than words.


















Mantra and Medical Prescription (Post No.5439)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 17  September 2018


Time uploaded in London – 8-59 am (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5439

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.


A doctor met a saint and asked whether he could learn Mantras from the websites or You Tube.

The saint said ‘No’.

Next, the doctor asked whether anyone one could recite a Mantra .

The saint said ‘No’.

Expecting at least one ‘Yes’ answer from the saint he quizzed him more.

“Can anyone teach Mantra to another person?”

The saint patiently, but firmly said ‘No’.

“Okay, suppose I put saffron cloth on me tomorrow, can I do all the above things?”

The saint smilingly said a big ‘No’ and then interrupted him, when he was about to ask more questions.

The saint said, “please wait, I wanted to ask you a few questions. Please answer them truthfully”.
Doctor was very happy when he heard it.
“At last the saint has recognised me”, he thought.

“Ok now it is my turn,” the saint started bombarding him with some questions

“Can I give a medical prescription, I mean allopathic medicines, by looking at websites?:

Doctor was surprised to get such a stupid question from a leaned Saint .

Doctor said,
“Oh Swamiji, Dont you know that it is against law and moreover dangerous?”

“Hang on, I am ready to learn from social media and websites.

Can I treat my disciples with allopathic medicines?”

“Oh, Swamiji, unless a medically qualified person prescribes it, you can’t treat any one with the medicines that you get from any Tom Dick and Harry”
‘Why?’ asked the saint.

“Each patient is different.
You have to know his/her case history, ethnicity
age, weight, height, sex, his/her other medications
Whether s/he is allergic to any substance etc


“Ok, ok. Now I understand. If I put on a white coat and a stethoscope around my neck and behave like a doctor, can I do all the above things?”

“Swamiji!  I am shocked to hear such things from you.

How is it possible ? Certain medicines have very serious side effects which may result in serious consequences. Every medicine bottle or carton have a long list of side effects. Don’t you know all these things? People may even abuse certain things”.

“You need to study for at least five years and practise as a house surgeon for a while and then practise under the supervision of experienced seniors. It is like a lawyer practising like a junior in a legal office”.

Swamiji felt very happy when he heard that. “It is good that you said all the things necessary to become a good doctor”.

“That is exactly an ascetic also does. After several years of penance and learning scriptures, he goes to a senior Guru, who watches him for several years and then teaches certain Mantras . He
also looks at various things before doing that . Like you take into account the ethnicity, age, sex, height, weight, previous medications, allergy factors, family history of certain illnesses, we also look at various factors before teaching Mantras. Like you don’t like people practising medicine via website and social media knowledge we also don’t like people learning secret Mantras from websites.”

Like certain medicines are available over the counter without prescription for headaches, cough, cold etc. we also have simple hymns and Bhajan songs which you can learn from any one”.

“Earlier you beautifully explained the side effects and abuse of medications. Mantras also have side effects if they are wrongly used or mispronounced. If someone like Ravana or Pasmasura gets it  may be abused”

“In short, a saint’s work is similar to the work of a doctor”.


The doctor was convinced with his answer and made a big salute to hime and let with ‘prasad’.






Date: 1 September 2018


Time uploaded in London – 20-23 (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5384





Let us look at two new Hindu methods of sooth saying today; very easy to follow. You can master it very quickly!


Hindus have several methods of predicting one’s future. I have already given details about rope trick astrology, lizard predictions, black bird predictions, parrot astrology, sea shell (Prasnam) astrology, face reading, palmistry, amazing Nadi Jothidam (palm leaf reading), Sneezing predictions, Five Bird (Pancha Pakshi Shastra) Astrology and horoscope reading. Probably Hindus are the only race that has so many prediction methods. In addition to these approved methods there are some voodoo methods as well. Instead of crystal gazing they will look at a betel leaf tarred with special black ink! We can call it Betel Leaf Gazing!


if you hear one sneeze it is bad; if any one sneezes twice it is a positive sign. And then there are predictions on the basis of Fox crossing your way, crow flying above, cat crossing your way, white necked eagle (Garuda) flying above etc.


Now I want to tell you something I Have read yesterday in the British Library in London. It is a Tamil book published in 1901. We had a book in our house in Madurai titled ‘Swarodaya Vinjanam’. Unfortunately, I lost it. Now I have got a very brief description of what was in the lost book.

How to predict:

Hindus believe that our breathing alternates in the two nostrils. If you closely watch your breathing, the breathing is done through one nostril for some time and then it changes to another nostril. Sometimes the air goes in and comes out using both the nostrils.


Hindu scriptures say breathing starts with right nostril at 6 am in the morning and then it changes to left at 8 am. it alternates like this every two hours. If someone comes to you and asks some advice, you check your breathing. If it is done through your right nostril and the person who asked your advice also stands on the same side, you say, ‘YES, YOU WILL WIN’, ‘YOU WILL BE SUCCESSFUL’, ‘DO IT’, ‘GO AHEAD WITH YOUR PLAN’ etc.

Possible questions:

Can I buy a new car now? new house now?

Can I go abroad?  send an application now?

Can I get a promotion in my job?

Can I win the election?

Can I get married now?

Will I get my lost property?

Can I win the court case? etc


When your breathing is done by left nostril and the person stands on the left side, then you say Yes.


But if the person stands on the opposite side to your breathing nostril; you tell the person not to do it. If the breathing is done by both nostrils also, it is NOT a positive answer. The Right nostril is called Sun Part (Pingalai) and the left side is called Moon Part (Ida Kalai in Tamil). The central part (both nostrils) is called Sushumna or Suzu Munai in Tamil.

One more rule is there! The person should be standing or sitting below your level. You should be in a raised seat or higher level.


This looks very strange. Someone has to prove it scientifically or disprove it. But all Hindus have certain basic rules for practising astrology or any science. You must be selfless and follow purity in ‘word, deed and thought’. It is called Tri Karana Suddhi (Three Dimensional Purity). If someone practises a Hindu science whether it is medicine or astrology without that purity, the very same science will bring the person down. Every day we read in newspapers that this ascetic was arrested that ascetic was jailed. This is because the moment you get some extraordinary powers the angels in charge of them will send you temptations. You will naturally become greedy or wish something bad i.e. abuse of women or abuse of power or becoming greedy. That is the end of you!


These prediction methods are in our books for very long. Nothing new. I repeat what I have read yesterday in the British Library.

Shadow Science Mystery

This is the second method; it will sound like some science fiction story!

It is called Chaya Darsan Prediction (Shadow Watching/seeing)

When the sky is clear and the sun is shining bright and when you can see a long shadow of you i.e. five to ten feet long, you look at it facing the same direction of your shadow. If you watch it for ten or 15 minutes from head to foot (of your shadow) and look up in the sky you will see your figure in the sky. If it is of golden colour, you will get lot of money or property. If your figure in the sky is of white colour, then you will be healthy and have a long life. If you see it in red colour, something bad will happen and if it is in black colour it is very bad for your health or life. If nay part of the body is missing in the figure, it is a life threatening sign. Some people look at moon and follow the same predictions.


If someone practises this art for 12 years, the shadow will communicate with you. It will speak to you and come with you. Once it starts talking to you,  you will get the Ashta Ma siddhi (Eight Paranormal Powers). The shadow will sit with you, walk with you and lie down with you. It will warn you any dangers that may come to you. And you can do miracles.


This looks like a fairy tale story. But one has to practise it. Looking at moon on certain days in a month is part of Hindu religious ceremony. If one sees 1000 crescent moons in one’s life, a big celebration is organised for that person. Probably this is also part of that Chaya Darsan.

Sometime ago I wrote that NASA scientists of USA must do some research about Hindu Nadi Jothidam. Though most of the Nadi Jyoshya astrologers are frauds nowadays, there is a big science in it. By looking at one’s hand they can tell your birth day and name. So we need some scientific research on such strange astrological methods. I wish I get some funding for such research!





Selenium and Sperm Count – Chemistry Anecdotes (Post No.5375)


Date: 29 August 2018


Time uploaded in London – 21-02 (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5375


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

There are very interesting anecdotes about the element selenium in the Periodic Table.

Selenium and Bad Smell
Selenium was discovered by Jons Jacob Berzelius at Stockholm in 1817. He saw some sediment at the bottom of the chambers in which sulfuric acid was made. At first he thought it was element tellurium because it gave a strong smell of radishes. When he came to know that it was a new element he named it moon, in Greek ‘selene’. Because the other element tellurium meant earth.

When he went home, his land lord complained that he had bad breath and admonished him for eating too much garlic. Later he realised it was selenium that gave that smell. Even the radish smell in tellurium came from the selenium impurities in it.

Selenium and Sperm Count

According to some researchers, declining sperm counts and increased incidences of cancer can be explained by the decrease in selenium in the diet. In a double-blind test carried out in 1993, men with low sperm counts were given either selenium or a placebo: the sperm counts of those given selenium went up by 100%, while counts for those given the placebo did not change.

Selenium rich food

Foods particularly rich in selenium are Brazil nuts and molasses, tuna fish, peanut, wheat germs, bran, brewer’s yeast, mushrooms, particularly Albatrellus apes capre, which is popular in Italy.


Marco Polo and Selenium

Some parts of the world have soils with high levels of selenium. The grazing animals in those areas suffer from a condition known as blind staggers. The famous traveller Marco Polo (1254-1324), observed that the animals of Turkestan behaved in a curious way as though they were drunk. The plant generally responsible for the staggers was the milk vetch, Astragalus, which can store selenium. The Great Plains of the USA are also rich in selenium, and cowboys of the Wild West knew that their herds could be affected if they ate vetch. They called vetch’ loco wed’ from the Spanish word ‘loco’, meaning insane.


Selenium is mostly used in photocopying machines, Glass industry, paint pigments etc . It has got two rare qualities, It exists in two forms— as metal and powder.
When light falls on it, it conducts electricity 1000 times better and so it is used light meters, solar cells etc


Super Markets emptied Shelves

Although selenium is itself toxic in low doses, it can counter the effects of other toxins, especially cadmium, mercury, arsenic and thallium and is known as an antagonist for these metals. Tuna fish which accumulates higher than expected levels of mercury, is thought to be safe to eat because this fish protects itself by taking an atom of selenium for every mercury atom it absorbs.

In the 1970s there was a food scare in the USA when analysis of canned tuna fish revealed high levels mercury which were assumed to be caused by environmental pollution. Overnight canned tuna disappeared from super market shelves, and millions of cans were destroyed. Then, analysis of a sample of tuna from a nineteenth century sample that had been preserved in a museum display case showed the same level of mercury- and both showed a protective level of selenium. The protective role of selenium appears to be true for other marine animals such as seals, and may also be the way in which the men who work in mercury mines gain some protection from this dangerous metal.

The idea of using selenium in television failed. They thought selenium’s special property of conducting electricity could help but it did not work as expected.



Chemical Properties and Diseases due to Deficiency











Xxxx  SUBHAM xxx


Written by London swaminathan

Date: 10 August 2018


Time uploaded in London – 9-28 AM (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5307


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.



A great poet by name Kamban wrote the Ramayana in Tamil verses about 1000 years ago. Though he said that he followed Valmiki , he deviated in some places. But the main story remained intact unlike the South East Asian Ramayanas.


15 billion years ago, there was an explosion and the universe expanded from a  hot, central core; what we see as stars, galaxies, solar system etc evolved from it in stages. The big crunch theory says that the continuously expanding universe will stop expanding at one point in time and collapse suddenly. It is like a blowing balloon suddenly explodes and collapses.


Hinduism is the only religion which says the age of universe is around 15 billion years; other religions place it a few thousand years back. In Hinduism, all the Sanskrit words and Tamil words for all heavenly bodies including universe is globular or circular or spherical.

Now to Kamban… He says in Yuddha kanda,

Seeing the condition of his brother Lakshmana, Rama sobbed. Then Devas said,

“O the Supreme! Like the spider

which can spin the finest thread

out of itself, and make a web

and can withdraw it all

You will never cease to make

and unmake these various worlds,

All lives, inside out

Which you will swallow and spit out”


–The Brahmastra chapter.


Here expanding universe and crunching universe is compared to the spider web. And it is explained more clearly in ‘swallowing and spitting out’, i.e. the big crunch and big bang. According to Hindus it is done again and again. But scientists have not reached to that level. Even big crunch is only in hypothesis.


If it is a passing remark in only one place one may even ignore it. But Kamban and other Hindu scriptures repeatedly say it (Please see the link given below to my articles dealing with the same theme).

In the earlier Aranya Kanda (canto, under the chapter on Sarabanga, this point is discussed; there Kamban talks about the Great Deluge. He says everything merges in to Him at the time and at another creation it changes into many. In short, Hindus looked at Time as cyclical and all the events also repeated.

Manikka vasagar, a great Saiva saint, who lived several hundred years before (around 6th century) Kamban described the universe in clearer terms:

“The development of the sphere of the elemental universe

Its immeasurable nature, and abundant phenomena

If one would tell their beauty in all kits particulars

As- when more than a hundred million in number spread,

The thronging atoms are sent in the ray that enters the house

So is He the great One, who exists in the minutest elements

If you would know him, Brahma and rest with Vishnu

His greatness, source, glory and end

Conjoined with His eternity, His extent, His abiding essence




Here we can see the word used is ‘spherical’, ‘more than a hundred million’, ‘spreading/expanding’.


All these correlates with the words in Big Bang Theory. Manaikkavasagar used a simile which every Indian would easily understand; India is a tropical country with dust every where. When the sun ray enters the house through small holes in the roof of a hut or through the narrow window of a house one would see millions of dust particles floating. He rightly compared it to the expanding universe. One would see the dust particles floating and moving. They don’t stand still; That is what happening in the universe; everything is floating(galaxies and Stars) in the vast expanse of time and space. They are moving without stopping.


It is amazing to see such images in the Rig Vedic Nasadiya Sukta and other hymns.


How did they know all these things? Did they ravel back in time? Did they find it by intuition? Hindu scriptures talk about different periods of time at different levels for different people (like Brahma and Indra; they lose their posts after certain period and new ones come). We couldn’t even find such things in science fiction stories or novels until very recently.


Kamban mentioned the universe, various worlds etc in other cantos as well.





Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 10 August 2018


Time uploaded in London – 7-11 AM (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5306


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.



The festival of Gathemangal is celebrated in the memory of mythical demon Ghantakarna’s death. (Photos: AP)

Nepalese woman gather and prepare the material to make an effigy of demon Ghantakarna symbolizing demolition of evil during the Ghantakarna festival in Bhaktapur. According to the legend, a demon named Ghantakarna terrorized the villagers by stealing the children and women of the village. He used to demand money and other gifts from the villagers. His body was painted in red, blue and black and he wore a pair of bells on his ears. He looked very scary and every time he moved, the bells jingled. He got his name from the bells on his ears, i.e. Ghanta meaning ‘bell’ and Karna meaning ‘ears’.


Nepalese people gather to watch burning of effigy of demon Ghantakarna symbolizing demolition of evil during the Ghantakarna festival.


Nepalese people prepare an effigy of demon Ghantakarna prior to burning it symbolizing demolition of evil. According to legend, one day, a large number of frogs came to the village and began to croak near Ghantakarna’s place. He became furious but the frogs did not stop. They croaked even louder and when he tried to catch them, they jumped into the water. He, too, jumped into the water without realizing that it was a swamp and soon started to drown. The frogs swarmed around his head and he drowned to death. In this way, the frogs saved the village and the villagers from the demon.

Nepalese people burn an effigy of demon Ghantakarna symbolizing demolition of evil. The festival of Gathemangal or Ghantakarna Chaturdasi, like most of the Nepali festivals, is an example of the victory of good over evil.




Gantakarna ( Bell Eared Karna)

The story of Gantakarna is very interesting. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

says, “Be not a bigot like Gantakarna”.

Gantakarna worshipped Shiva, but hated all other deities. Siva appeared

before him and expressed his displeasure. He advised him to treat all gods with

respect. But he wouldn’t change. Just to teach him that God is one, Siva

appeared again, but in the form of Hari Haran (Half Vishnu+ Half Siva). It made

him worse. He showed to ‘Arti ‘ etc to Siva side only. He blocked the nostrils of

Vishnu so that the incense fragrance would not reach him. Siva warned him

that he would suffer for his bigotry. Ghantakarna was least bothered about

Shiva’s warning. He retired to a village. Knowing his attitude, children of the

village deliberately uttered Vishnu’s name in front of him. Vexed at this,

Ghantakarna hung two bells (Ghanta) on his ears (Karna). When the boys cried

out “Vishnu, Vishnu”, he would ring the bells so that he would not hear them.

He spent his entire life by ringing the bells!


இந்துக்கள் பாம்புகளை கும்பிடுவது ஏன்? விஞ்ஞான விளக்கம் (Post No.5293)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 6 August 2018


Time uploaded in London – 9-51 AM  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5293


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.



இந்த ஆண்டு (2018) ஆகஸ்ட் 15ம் தேதி நாக பஞ்சமி வருகிறது. நாடு முழுதும் இந்துக்கள் பாம்புகளைக் கும்பிடுவார்கள்.

நாக பஞ்சமி என்றால் என்ன?


ஏன் பாம்புகளை வழிபட வேண்டும்?

இது பற்றிய இரண்டு கதைகள் என்ன?

கொஞ்சம் ஆராய்சி செய்வோமா?


சில பகுதிகளில் நாக பஞ்சமியை ஒரு மாதம் வரை கொண்டாடுகிறார்கள். ஆடி மாத பஞ்சமியிலிருந்து ஆவணி சுக்ல பக்ஷ பஞ்சமி வரை கொண்டாடுகிறார்கள்.


நாக பஞ்சமி தினத்தன்று என்ன செய்வார்கள்?

பாம்புகளை வழிபடுவார்கள்;


பாம்புப் புற்றுகளில் பால் வார்ப்பார்கள்


பாம்பு, பறவைகளின் படங்களை சுவர்களிலும் கோலங்களிலும் வரைவார்கள்.


பருப்பு, கோதுமைகளை அரைத்து அதில் புல்லை முக்கி பாம்பு போல செய்வார்கள். அத்தோடு இனிப்புகளைப் பாம்புப் புற்றுகளில் இடுவார்கள்.


மானஸா தேவி என்னும் நாக தேவதையை வழிபடுவார்கள்


நாட்டில் ஒவ்வொரு மாநிலத்திலும் ஒரு வழக்கம் இருக்கிறது


இது பற்றி இரண்டு கதைகள் உண்டு

ஒரு பிராஹ்மணப் பையனை பாம்பு கடித்து விட்டது. அவனைக் காப்பாற்ற அவனது இரண்டு சஹோதரிகளும் மானஸாதேவியை வழிபட்டனர். அந்தப் பையனுக்கு மீண்டும் உயிர் வந்தது. அவனும் சஹோதரிகளுக்கு விருந்து வைத்தான் ஆகையால் இது சஹோதர-சஹோதரி விருந்து நாளாகவும் அனுஷ்டிக்கப்படுகிறது.


இரண்டாவது சம்பவம்


சந்த் என்ற வணிகனுக்கு மானஸா தேவி மேல் கொஞ்சமும் நம்பிக்கை இல்லை. அவனது ஒவ்வொரு குழந்தையும் பாம்பு கடித்து இறந்தபோதும் அவன் வழிபட மறுத்தான். மீண்டும் ஒரு மகன் பிறந்தான்.

அந்த மகனுக்கு கல்யாண நாள் நிச்சயிக்கப்பட்டது. அந்த தினத்தில் மானஸா தேவி அந்த வணிகனுக்குப் பாடம் கற்பிக்க அந்த மணமகனைக் கடித்தாள்; அதாவது பாம்பு கடித்து அந்த மணமகன் இறந்தான்.


ஆனால் புது மணப்பெண், அந்த சடலத்தை எரிக்க வேண்டாம் என்று சொல்லி விரதம் இருந்தாள். அவளும் உடல் இளைத்து எலும்புக்கூடாகும் தருணத்தில் மானஸா தேவி மனம் இறங்கி அருள் பாலித்தாள். பிண மகன் மீண்டும் மணமகன் ஆனான். வணிகன் பெயர் சந்த். மணமகனை மீட்ட கற்புக்கரஸியின் பெயர் வெஹுலா.


இப்படி நாடு முழுதும் பாம்புக்கடி மரணங்களும் அவர்கள் மீண்டு வந்த அற்புதங்களும் உண்டு. நாயன்மார் ஆழ்வார் கதைகளிலும் பாம்புக் கதைகள் இருக்கின்றன. இவற்றைத் தனியே எழுதியுள்ளேன்.


நாக பஞ்சமி மூலம் இந்துக்கள் எப்படி இயற்கையைப் பாதுகாக்கிறார்கள், போற்றுகிறார்கள் என்று இப்பொழுது வெளிநாட்டினரும் புகழத் துவங்கி விட்டார்கள்; அறிவியல் ரீதியில் பார்த்தால் பெரும்பாலான பாம்புகள் விஷமற்றவை. மக்களின் பயமும் பீதியும் வெளியாட்களின் பிரச்சனையும் தான் சிக்கலை உருவாக்குகிறது. மேலும் பாம்புகள் மனிதனின் எதிரிகள் அல்ல;  தானாக வந்து எவரையும் தாக்குவதில்லை. அதைத் தாக்கும்போதோ மிதிக்கும்போதோ அவை தற்காப்புக்காகத் திருப்பித் தாக்குகின்றன. குழந்தைகளும் பாம்புகளும் விளையாடும் படங்களைப் பார்க்கிறோம்; ஏனெனில் அவை நண்பனுக்கு நண்பன்; எதிரிக்கு எதிரி.


150 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன் வெளியான வெள்ளைக்காரர் புஸ்தகங்களில் சில படங்கள் இருக்கும்;


காளி கோவிலில் குழந்தைகளைப் பலி கொடுக்கும் படம்

பெண்களை, கணவனின் சிதையில் தூக்கி எறியும் படம்

மரங்களையும் பாம்புகளையும் பெண்கள் வழிபடும் படம்


இப்பொழுதும் இவைகள் பழைய புஸ்தகங்களிலும் பத்திரிக்கைகளிலும் உள. நான் அடிக்கடி லண்டனில் பிரிட்டிஷ் லைப்ரரியிலும் லண்டன் யுனிவெர்ஸிட்டி லைப்ரரியிலும் பார்த்துப் பார்த்துச் சிரிப்பேன்;


இவை எல்லாம் உண்மையில் நடந்திருந்தால் இன்று இந்துக்களே உலகில் இருந்திருக்க மாட்டார்கள். கோடியில் ஒன்று நடந்தது உண்மைதான். இன்று மேலை நாடுகளில் இதைவிடக் கூடுதல் கொடுமைகள் நடப்பதை லண்டனில் பத்திரிக்கைகளில் தினமும் படிக்கிறோம்.


ஏனைய விஷயங்களை புறத்தே ஒதுக்கி வைத்து விட்டு பாம்பு வழிபாடு பற்றி மட்டும் பார்ப்போம்.


உலகில்  அறிவியல் அடிப்படையில் அமைந்த மதம் இந்து மதம்; எல்லாப் பண்டிகைகளுக்கும் அறிவியல் விளக்கம் உண்டு.

இந்தியா ஒரு விவசாய நாடு. மக்களின் மிகப்பெரிய தொழில் விவசாயம்.

உழுதுண்டூ வாழ்வாரே வாழ்வார் மற்றெல்லாம்

தொழுதுண்டு பின் செல்பவர் (குறள் 1033)

உழவர்களே  தன்னுரிமையோடு வாழ்வார்கள்; மற்றெல்லோரும் பிறர் முன்னால் கைகட்டி, வாய் புதைத்து வாழ்பவர்கள்; இயல்பாகவே உழவர் பின்னால் செல்பவர்கள்.


விவசாய உற்பத்தி குறைந்தால் பஞ்சம் வெடிக்கும்; அராஜகம் பிறக்கும் ஆகையால் விவசாய உற்பத்தியைப் பாதுகாப்பது அவசியம்.

எலிகள் மூலம் ஏற்படும் சேதம் மிக மிக அதிகம். அதோடு பூச்சிகளும் சேதம் விளைவிக்கும். இவைகளைக் கட்டுப்பாட்டிற்குள் வைப்பது பாம்புகளே (Vital link in the food production chain) .


ஆதிகாலத்தில் வீட்டுக்குள் பாம்புகளைக் கண்டாலும் கூட அவைகளைக் கொல்ல மாட்டார்கள். பானைக்குள் அல்லது பெ ட் டிக்குள் பிடித்து வயற்காட்டில் விட்டு விடுவார்கள் அல்லது பாம்புப் பிடாரனை அழைத்து அவன் கையில் அந்தப் பணியை ஒப்படைப்பர்.

வயல் வெளிக்குள் நடந்து செல்வோரும் இரவில் ஒத்தையடிப் பாதையில் வருவோரும் கைகளைத் தட்டிக்கொண்டே வருவர் பாம்புகள் விலகி ஓடி விடும்! (பாம்புகளுக்கு காதுகள் உண்டா? அவைகளால் கேட்க முடியுமா என்பதை வேறு ஒரு ஆராய்ச்சிக் கட்டுரையில் விளக்கிவிட்டேன்; அதன் விஞ்ஞான விளக்கத்தை கட்செவி (கண்ணே செவி/காது) என்னும் ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரையில் காண்க)

ஆக எலிகளைக் கொல்ல பாம்புகள் உரிய அளவில் இருக்க வேண்டும் என்பது இந்துக்கள் அறிந்த உண்மை.


பாம்பைக் கண்டால் படையும் நடுங்கும் என்பது பழமொழி; ஆனால் நல்லோர் அவையில் புகுந்த பாம்புகளையும் அவர்கள் கொல்ல மாட்டார்கள் என்று ஸம்ஸ்க்ருத, தமிழ்ப் பாடல்கள் சொல்லும். ஆக பாம்புகளின் மீதுள்ள பயத்தை எப்படிப் போக்குவது?

குறிப்பாக பெண்களும் சிறுவர்களும் பயப்படுவர். ஆண்டு தோறும் பண்டிகை நடத்தி நாக பஞ்சமி கொண்டாடுவதன் மூலமும் வெள்ளிக் கிழமைதோறும் புற்றிலுள்ள பாம்புகளுக்குப் பால் வார்ப்பதன் மூலமும், நாக பஞ்சமி தினத்தன்று பாம்பு படங்களைக் கோலம் வரைபடம் ஆகியவற்றில் வரைவதன் மூலமும், கோவில் தோறும் நாகர் சிலைகளை வைப்பதன் மூலமும் மக்களை உளவியல் ரீதியில் (psychologically prepared)  இந்துக்கள் தயார்படுத்த்தினர்.

பாம்புகளைக் கட்டித் தழுவுங்கள்; கொஞ்சிக் குலவுங்கள் என்று நான் சொல்ல வரவில்லை; அதை அவஸியமின்றி அடித்துக் கொன்று அழிக்காதீர்கள்; அவைகளையும் இயற்கை எனும் சங்கிலியில் ஒரு வளையம் என்பதை உணருங்கள்.


பாம்புகளை அழித்தால் வயல் வெளியில் எலிகள் பெருகும்; எலிகள் பெருகினால் உணவு உற்பத்தி குறையும்.


வாழ்க நாக பஞ்சமி; வளர்க நாகங்கள் (புற்றுக்குள் மட்டும்)!!!




Written by London swaminathan

Date: 4 August 2018


Time uploaded in London – 11-59 AM  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5288


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.






This year (2018), Naga Panchami falls on 15th of August. It is a Hindu festival celebrated throughout India. Though the stories change from area to area the basis is same. People worship snakes or snake goddess on that day. Snake goddess is found in Rig Veda, Greece, Indus Valley and South Indian villages (Please see my articles listed at the end).


It falls on Suklapaksha Panchami of Ashada (Adi in Tamil) month.


(Naga= snake, Panchami= Fifth Lunar day)



English word snake came from Sanskrit= S+Naga= Snake

English word serpent came from Sanskrit Sarpa

Tamil word Aravu/ Aravam came from Sanskrit Sarpam (s dropped, p=v;according to linguistic rule)


Hindus show great respect to environment. They want to keep disturbance to the nature to the minimum. From the morning, they worship nature. Before putting their feet on earth (floor) they ask for pardon (Padas sparsam Kshamsvame). Before they dig the land for wells or ploughing the land, they ask for pardon. They say cutting the trees is a sin. They called the earth mother (Bhuma Devi= Gaiya in Greek). It is in the oldest book, the Vedas.


They are scientists; so, they know that optimum utilisation of nature is the best. Though they know snakes are poisonous animals, they still worshipped the poisonous cobras. They knew that snakes are required to kill the rats in the fields. If the rats are not controlled food production will be reduced. They knew snakes form a vital link and it maintains an equilibrium in Nature. That is why all Hindu gods are adorned with snakes!


They also know that snakes never bite a man unless and otherwise they are threatened or disturbed. People walking in the villages, particularly during nights just clap the hands and walk ( can the snakes hear human sounds? do they have ears? discussed in my previous articles)


In some parts of India Naga Panchami continue for one month till the Panchami of next month (Ashada to Bhadra).

Holes in the anthills are considered to be the homes of cobras. Women worship them even on ordinary Fridays and they pour milk in the holes.


Bengalese plant a milky white plant (Euphorbia Lingularum) on these days on a raised mound of earth in the courtyards of their houses and worship Goddess Manasa Devi. They worship her to get immunity from snake bites or avoiding bitten by snakes. If anyone has died due to snake bite in the family all of them join in worship and they pour milk in the ant hills where snakes live.


Punjabis draw a black figure on the wall to avoid snakes coming into the houses. The figure represents snake goddess.


In the central parts of Indi,a they paint snakes and birds on walls and they make a paste with wheat and pulses. They dip grass in the paste and make snake figures. They offer sweets and milk to the snakes.


In Maharashtra and other parts, they offer milk and dried rice to snakes. They pour it in the places where they live. They even avoid digging and ploughing on those days.


In Karnataka, a vrata(fasting) named Citranemi is observed.


In Mithila (Bihar- Nepal border) Mauni Panchami is celebrated.


In Orissa and Dravida, Guru Panchami is celebrated by worshipping Lakshmi and Gauri on that day.





In South India the story is about a Brahmana boy bitten by a cobra when he went to get a Ketaki flower ( Thazam Pu in Tamil; Pandanus Fascicularis) . His sisters followed a vow (Vrata) and brought him back to life. The fourth day of waxing moon in Sravana month is observed as Festival of Brothers and Sisters. They observe it.


Another story


Chand was a merchant who did not believe in the Goddess Manasa devi. As a result, he lost all his sons due to snake bites. But yet he was very obstinate and never paid reverence to the Goddess. He got one more son who was the apple of his eyes. He was still obstinate in not worshipping Manasa and Manasa Devi was also relentless and she bit his son on his wedding day in spite of his precautions. His newly wed wife Vehula did not allow his body to be cremated. She was fasting till her body became a skeleton but never stopped her prayers to Manasa. She begged to Manasa for the restoration of his husband’s life. At last Manasa relented and gave his life back.


It is the belief of many that a person supposed to be dead by a snake bite, really lives in a state of suspended animation for a long time after.

Hindus, by not killing the snakes, the vital animal in the food production chain, increase the production of food grains. The snakes keep even frogs and toads in control which freely enters every home during rainy season.


Villagers don’t fear snakes even when it enters a house; they simply trap it in a box or pot and release it in the field. They know the value of it.


Every village has some snake charmers, who handle snakes without any fear. Every village has a medicine man with anti-dotes for venom. But yet snake bites kill hundreds of villagers; it is said that more people die in panic or not seeking proper help.




What do Hindus do on Naga panchami Day?


1.They go to ant hills where the snakes live, they pour milk or feed them with some eatables (only vegetarian food).


2.They actually worship the snakes if they see them with utmost reverence.


3.They worship snake goddess Manasa Devi and other snake (Naga sculptures) stones.


4.They draw pictures of snake goddesses on the walls in houses.


  1. They draw pictures of snakes and birds which will drive away the fear of snakes.


  1. Through these activities, they psychologically prepare children and women not to panic when they see snakes in the garden or filed.


Sanskrit and Tamil scriptures have hundreds of snake bite stories; most of the bitten people came back to life by the grace of a saint or God.


Being a tropical country India has hundreds of varieties of snakes and most of them are non-poisonous.


Foreigners have taken several videos and films in appreciation of Hindus’ reverence to snakes




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