Hindus Invented Helmet and Turban!!(Post No.4072)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 11 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 17-39
Post No. 4072
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Who invented Helmets and Turbans? It is Hindus who invented the helmets and turbans according to the Vedas.

Here is the proof:

Aitareya Brahmana, oldest Brahmana, ends with a remarkable spell. It is used against the enemies.


“All enemies and foes of him who knows this ceremony die round about him. Round him five deities are dying i.e lightning, rain, moon, sun and fire. The rain when fallen is absorbed by the moon which disappears; the moon at the time of the new is absorbed by the sun which disappears and out of fire the sun is born…..From the sun the moon is born………..From the moon the rain is born…..From rain lightning is born. In this way from the the moon the rain is born…..From rain, lightning is born………..In this way he puts his enemy down even should he wear a STONE HELMET (i.e well armed)”


Here the simile ‘Stone helmet’ shows that the Vedic society used it during wars. In the Near East we have some evidence for the use of helmet from 900 BCE. There is no wonder that the Vedic literature, which is older than the Assyrian  also mentioned it.


Helmet is called ‘Sipraa’ in the Vedas. It is found in several places in the Rig Veda and other Vedic books (pages 379 and 380 of Volume 2 of Vedic Index have all the references. But scholars are not able to agree on the meaning.)

Asvins use Ayah sipra (iron helmets) RV 1-101-10

Hiranya (gold) sipra, Hari sipra (Yellow) and Hiri sipra are also mentioned. The references are in the oldest and newest sections of the Rig Veda.

This shows that the Vedic society was a very advanced civilization. They fought wars wearing helmets. They celebrated Yagas wearing turbans. Head gear was an important part of their life. Indus Valley gods have horned crowns.



No Vedic ceremony is done without a turban. The chief (Yajaman) is made to wear a turban. Even in the temple Kumbabishekam ceremonies and Yagas we see the chief priest wears a turban. It is called Usniisa in the Vedic literature. Brahmana literature says that the Vratyas (Siddhas of Vedic days) also wore this Usniisa.

Vedic Index by Keith and Macdonell says

“Usniisa denotes the turban by the Vedic Indians, men and women alike (Aitareya Brahmana 6-1). The Vratya’s turban is expressly referred to in the Atharva Veda (15-2-1) and Pancavimsa Brahmana. A turban is also worn at the Vajapeya and the Rajasuya ceremonies by the king as a token of his position ( Satapata Brahmana 5-3-5-23)

In the wedding ceremonies of several communities we see the bridegroom wearing turbans.


Turbans and helmets are Hindus’ inventions. Sikh community, who are from the land of Vedas, wear this as a religious symbol.




ஒலியின் மஹிமை: ஆச்சரியமூட்டும் புதிய தகவல்! (Post No.4064)

Written by S NAGARAJAN


Date: 9 July 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 5-51 am



Post No.4064



Pictures are taken from different sources such as Face book, Wikipedia, Newspapers etc; thanks. 



மந்திர மஹிமை

ஒலியின் மஹிமை: விஞ்ஞானம் தரும் ஆச்சரியமூட்டும் புதிய தகவல்!




விஞ்ஞானம் முன்னேற முன்னேற எந்த மதம் பயந்தாலும் இந்து மதம் பயப்படாது.


அது கூறும் ஒவ்வொரு கொள்கையையும் விஞ்ஞானம் ஆராய்ச்சி மூலம் உறுதிப் படுத்திக் கொண்டே வருகிறது.

இதைக் கடந்த இருநூறுக்கும் மேலான ஆண்டுகளாக உலகம் பார்த்து வருகிறது.


‘ஹிந்து’ பத்திரிகையின் 27-6-2017 இதழ் வெளியிட்டுள்ள ஒரு புதிய செய்தி ஒலியின் மஹிமையை புதிய கோணத்தில் நம்மைப் பார்க்க வைக்கிறது.

‘Body Beats: Using Sound to spot Cancer’ – Passive Elastography is a technique that can non-invasively study tumours deep inside the body



என்ற தலைப்பில் வெளியாகியுள்ள செய்தி நம்மைக் கவர்கிறது.

ஒவ்வொரு உடலிலிருந்தும் இயற்கையாக ஒலி வெளி வருகிறதாம். அதை உரிய முறையில் பயன்படுத்தி கான்ஸர் இருக்கிற்தா இல்லையா என்பதை அறிய முடியுமாம்.

செய்தியின் சில பகுதிகளை மட்டும் இங்கு பார்க்கலாம். முழுச்செய்தியையும் பத்திரிகையில் படிக்கலாம்.





Natural sound waves made by the human body can be used to diagnose cancers and other diseases non-invasively at the earliest stages, scientists say.


Elastography, sometimes referred as ‘seismology of the human body’, is an emerging technology used to enhance medical ultrasound imaging.


The technology is used to measure the elasticity of biological tissue to diagnose cancer or liver disease more accurately, researchers said.


செய்தியின் கடைசி பகுதி தரும் தகவல் இது:-


The idea , as in seismology, is to take advantage of shear waves naturally present in the human body due to muscles activities to construct a shear elasticity map of soft tissues,” Mr Catheline said. ”It is thus a passive elastography approach since no shear wave sources are used,” he said.


Passive elastography is compatible with slow imaging devices.


   ஒலி அலைக்குச் சக்தி உண்டு. அதை முறைப்படுத்திச் சொல்வதால் உடல் இயக்கம் மேன்மையுறும்; ஆன்மீகத்தில் உயரிய நிலையைப் பெறலாம்.அவை பிரபஞ்சத்தின் வெவ்வேறு இயக்கங்களை மந்திர சக்தியின் ஒலி அமைப்புக்கேற்ப இயங்கச் செய்யும் என்று நமது முன்னோர்கள் கூறி வந்திருக்கின்றனர்.


வாயிலிருந்து வெளியாகும் ஒலியை எப்படி உச்சரிக்க வேண்டும் என்பதை நுணுக்கமாக பாணிணி ஆராய்ந்திருக்கிறார்.


ஒலியின் மன்னன் என்று அவரைச் சொல்லலாம்.

யாக்ஞவல்ய ஸ்மிருதி, ஒரு வார்த்தையை எப்படி உச்சரிக்க வேண்டும் என்பதை அழகுறச் சொல்கிறது.



யதா வ்யாக்ர ஹரேத் புத்ரம்

தஷ்ட் ராபிர்ன  பிதாயேத்

பிதா பதன் பேதாப்யாம்

தத் வர்ணம் ப்ரயோஜயேத்


“ஒரு பெண்புலியானது எப்படி தன் குட்டியைத் தன் வாயில் கவ்வி அதன் பற்களால் கடியுறாதபடி எடுத்துச் செல்கிறதோ அதே போல ஒருவன் ஒரு வார்த்தையை உச்சரிக்க வேண்டும்

இப்படி உச்சரிப்பைக் கூடச் சரியாகச் சொல்லும் உத்தியையும் அது தரும் பலனையும் உலகின் வேறு எந்த மொழியும் அறிவியல் ரீதியில் சொன்னதில்லை.


சம்ஸ்கிருத ஒலி மஹிமையோ தெளிவாக விளக்கப்பட்டிருக்கிறது


22-3-2003 தேதியிட்ட ஹிந்துஸ்தான் டைம்ஸ் இதழில் (கல்கத்தாவிலிருந்து வெளி வரும் பத்திரிகை இது) எந்த ஒலியும் 360 டிகிரி சுழற்றப்பட்டால் அது நோயாளியின் நோயைக் குணமாக்க உதவும் என்ற செய்தி வெளியிடப்பட்டிருந்தது.


செய்தியின் ஒரு பகுதி இது:


Any sound, if rotated 360 degrees, can nurse chronically ill patients back to health,”pasycho-physicist” Sajal Bandopadhyay claims.


In a major breakthrough , Bandopadhyay had last year succeeded in rotating sound.  A team of psychologists had been researching the therapeutic potential of this discovery. Under the leadership of Dr Arnab Banerjee, they had tried out the rotating sound on patients at the Sevak Hospital.


 ஒலி சுழற்சி சிகிச்சையானது 4000 நோயாளிகளில் 99 சதவிகிதம் நோயாளிகளிடம் வெற்றியைத் தந்திருக்கிறது என்று இந்தச் செய்தி கூறுகிறது.


நாளுக்கு நாள் ஒலி பற்றிய புதிய அறிவியல் செய்தியைப் பெற்று வருகிறோம்.


ஒலிக்கு மஹிமை உண்டு என்பதை பல்வேறு ஆராய்ச்சிகள் சுட்டிக் காட்டி வருகின்றன.


மந்திர சக்தி உடல் மற்றும் ஆன்மாவை உயர்த்த வல்லது என்ற நம்பிக்கையை இந்தச் செய்திகள் வலியுறுத்துகின்றன.

ஒலியின் மஹிமையை உலகிற்கு உணர்த்திய ஒரே மதம் ஹிந்து மதம் என்பதில் பெருமை அடைகிறோம்!


Mahabharata Story is True! Man Gives Birth to Babies! (Post No.3932)

Amy and Chris with their two children

Research article written by London Swaminathan


Date: 22 May 2017


Time uploaded in London: 17-50


Post No. 3932


Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Mirror, The sun Newspapers; thanks.


contact: swami_48@yahoo.com



The world’s longest and oldest epic Mahabharata has lot of scientific information. I have already written about the Time Travel, Nuclear Weapons, Acupuncture, Test Tube Babies, Mysterious Births, Siamese Twins, Sex Change Surgeries, Mysterious birds etc. found in the epic.


There are some unexplained stories such as man giving birth to babies and getting babies by inhaling smoke created by herbs etc. in the Mahabharata. Science has come to our help to understand them better.

Man can produce babies!



Mandhata was born out of the body of his father king Yavanashwa who unknowingly had drunk water which had been specially prepared for his queens by the seers. Not having a mother Mandhata was brought up by sucking at the ‘forefinger of Indra’. It is found in the 3rd and seventh Parvas (books) of Mahabharata.


In the 13th book (Parva) of Mahabharata we find another interesting case of male giving birth to babies. Bhangasvana was a king of ancient times. As he was childless, he undertook a Yajna (fire ceremony) and obtained a number of children. Later he was turned into a woman. Then he produced one more set of babies.


In addition to this we have a few famous transgender people who took part in the battle. So ,in the light of latest scientific facts, we may interpret these stories as males giving birth to children.


Another big revolution is coming! Artificial wombs inserted into female mice were successful in making babies. In future, all the infertile women can have babies. As newer and newer things are invented our knowledge of the epics also increase.


Following two stories appeared in London Newspapers this year:-

Amy’s daughter Hayden



Pregnant Man gives Birth to His Own Daughter! Mahabharata Story is True!


THE world’s first pregnant man was Thomas Beatie — dad of three kids.

Thomas, 42, was born a female but had hormone treatment while keeping his female reproductive organs.

He became pregnant for the first time in 2007 with triplets but lost them to ectopic pregnancy.

Thomas, of Phoenix, Arizona, US, went on to have three kids using donor sperm.

Canadian Trevor MacDonald, 31, revealed last year how he breast-fed his first child in a men’s toilet in a restaurant.

He said: “It was this weird scenario.”

Expecting his second child, he headed to a hospital at night to find a security guard demanding to know why a bearded man needed emergency access to an obstetrics unit.

Britain’s unnamed first “male mother” gave birth to a girl in 2011.

In the same year, Yuval Topper, 24, gave birth in Israel.

Spanish transsexual Ruben Noe Coronado Jimenez was reportedly pregnant with twins in 2009 before having a miscarriage.




Pregnant Man Chris


Story 1


A husband has revealed how he carried and gave birth to his own daughter – because his wife could not fall pregnant.


Pictured sporting a beard as he showed off his pregnant belly, Chris Rehs-Dupin tells how he and his wife Amy met and fell in love in their 20s, working at a children’s summer camp. They always knew they definitely wanted a family.

With Chris – who was born Christina – being a pre-op transgender  male, however, they planned for Amy to be the biological mum.


But when five attempts of intrauterine insemination – fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a uterus to facilitate fertilisation – failed, Chris volunteered to carry their baby instead.

He finally gave birth to their now two-year-old daughter, Hayden, naturally on December 20, 2014, after five rounds of IUI treatment and a miscarriage

Having Hayden made Amy even more determined to carry a baby herself and in 2016 she had Milo by caesarean section after a further round of IUI.

And while Chris lived as a man and didn’t feel female, he was willing to use his womb for the good of their family.

But, when Chris finally fell pregnant, despite their excitement, they both struggled with what was happening throughout the pregnancy.

Amy confessed: “When Chris was pregnant it was really difficult, because I always thought I would be the one to carry our children.

Being pregnant was also a confusing time for Chris.

“Some people think men aren’t supposed to carry children, that’s the world we live in. So, I feel like the world would see it as emasculating, that it would make me less trans but not the case for me. For me it was an amazing experiencing.”

The couple also knew they wanted a second child and as there wasn’t a medical reason why Amy couldn’t conceive, they decided to give it another try.

“Seeing Chris carrying our baby increased my yearning to carry a child,” she explained.

In October 2015 Chris had an appointment to start his medical transition.

Then, in January 2016, he began having testosterone injections every 10 days, while Amy fell pregnant in the same month, on her first attempt.

While the baby grew, Chris was undergoing his transition. His facial hair grew, his shoulders broadened and his features became more masculine.

And their experiences, running in tandem, brought them closer.

Amy said: “We’ve been on an incredible journey as a family, but we have two amazing kids and Chris is finally happy in his own body.”

He added: “We would love to have a third child. I hope to have breast reconstruction surgery, but will not have a bottom surgery, or have my ovaries removed, so I haven’t ruled out carrying it. We’ll have to fight over it this time.”



Pregnant Man Hayden Cross

Story 2

Another Man Giving Birth!

PROUD Hayden Cross today becomes the first British man to reveal: “I’m pregnant.” (7th Janauray2017)

The former Superstore  worker, born a girl 20 years ago, is legally male and has begun hormone treatment.

But he put his transition on hold to have a baby with donor sperm.

Hayden, who lives in Gloucester and is four months pregnant, said: “I want the baby to have the best. “I’ll be the greatest dad.”

Dad-to-be Hayden found a sperm donor on Facebook to make himself pregnant after putting his gender change on hold.

Hayden, born a girl 20 years ago, had lived as a man for three years and was taking male hormones — but was desperate to have a baby.

The unemployed former Asda worker asked the NHS to freeze his eggs before he completed his full transition, in the hope he might have children years later.

“In September I got pregnant by a sperm donation.

“I found the donor on the internet.

“I looked on Facebook for a group and found one — it’s been shut down now.

“I didn’t have to pay.

“The man came to my house, he passed me the sperm in a pot and I did it via a syringe.

“I felt I’d no choice, I couldn’t afford a proper clinic.

“I don’t know who the bloke was.

“To be honest I can’t remember anything about him.

“He wouldn’t even tell me his name.

“He didn’t want any contact.

“He said he was just doing it to help people.

“It was the first attempt and it worked.

“I was really lucky.”

Yet Hayden admits he now feels uncomfortable carrying a child and struggles with the physical changes.

He went on: “I found I was pregnant two weeks after the sperm was inserted.

“It was mixed emotions.

“I was happy but I also knew it would be backtracking on my transition.

“Carrying a baby is meant to be a happy time, but in my body it feels wrong.


Medical Science solves Ten Mysteries in the Mahabharata ! | Tamil …


26 Mar 2014 – With this background, if we read the Mahabharata one more time, all the birth mysteries in Mahabharata will be solved. The more science …





Mysterious Number 17 in the Vedas! (Post No.3916)

Research article Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 17 May 2017


Time uploaded in London: 19-46


Post No. 3916


Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, google and Wikipedia; thanks.


contact: swami_48@yahoo.com



Vedas are full of mysteries. So-called foreign translators and scholars have bluffed their way through the Vedas for over 250 years. Every book written by a foreigner on the Vedas is a big joke book.  If you look at another foreigner’s book for the meaning or an interpretation for the same word or mantra you will have a big laugh. I have been enjoying such jokes every day.


Number symbolism is in the Vedas from the very beginning. This shows that the Vedic seers are very great intellectuals. They were the inventors of decimal system. No foreigner or an Indian scholar can give a reasonable explanation for such numbers. Though Appar alias Tirunavukkarasar used number symbolism to some extent in the seventh century and later Tirumular and Sivvakkiyar, to name a few, we are not able to get the full meaning of the verses. No wonder Vedas are beyond our reach.


That is why great saints like Kanchi Paramacharya (1894-1994) advised us not to look at the meaning and follow it blindly. A great intellectual like Adi Shankara would appear one day and guide us. Kanchi Paramacharya rightly used an analogy: a blind person holding a lamp was laughed at by the people and he told them that though he was blind he did not want them to stumble upon him when it was dark. We are blind with the Vedic interpretations but if we take the lamp (Vedas) with us it would help others.

Here is the mystery of Number Seventeen in the Soma Yagas and other Yajnas (Fire ceremonies):


Agni with one syllable won speech

The Asvins with two syllables won expiration and inspiration

Visnu with three syllables Three worlds

Soma with four syllables the four- footed cattle

Pusan with five syllables the Pankti

Prajapati with SEVENTEEN syllables, the  SEVENTEEN fold Stoma

–Taittiriya Samhita, Yajur Veda


There are four priests in sacrificial rites: (Hotr, Udgaatr, Adhvaryu, Brahman). They have four assistants. It increased to SEVENTEEN later, with each one allocated different work. Why 17? It is a mystery!

At a Soma sacrifice, in the midday pressing of Soma plants (for juice), a Kshatriya shoots SEVENTEEN arrows to measure out a racing space; then three of the sacrificer’s horses are yoked to his chariot while four horses are yoked to each of his four other chariots. A ritual race takes place to the beating of SEVENTEEN drums and the sacrifice comes out victorious.


The sacrificers drew water from Sarasvati, Sindhu rivers, streams, tanks and stored rain water; altogether SEVENTEEN kinds of water were used in the fire sacrifices. Why 17? It is a mystery.

So many rituals like this are unexplainable. When William Jones pointed out the similarities between European languages and Sanskrit these people said Aryans migrated into India from outside.

Thousands of customs and rituals in the Vedas and Hindu epics are found nowhere outside India. If at all some traces are found, there the Hindu influence is very visible. This shows Hindus went outside several thousand years ago from India to different places on earth and slowly they lost their customs or changed or adapted them to suit the local needs. Number SEVENTEEN is one of them.

Rare coincidence! This article is written on SEVENTEENTH of May 2017




Mantra, Tantra and Yantra -Tamil Poet and Particle Physics Agree (Post No.3843)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 23 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 18-23

Post No. 3843

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

An old Tamil poem written by an anonymous author in ‘Neethi Venpa’, an anthology of didactic poems, gives us valuable information about God and Guru, Mantra, Yantra and Tantra.


The poet says: “If you have faith in God, Guru (spiritual teacher), Mantra (Vedic Hymns etc.), Tantra (Tantric Texts; left handed rituals), Yantra (Magical letters on metal plates), Medicine, Initiation methods of ascetics – all these seven will come true only when you have faith in them; if you don’t believe them, they will not be fruitful”.


This statement becomes more relevant and gets new meaning in the context of scientists’ latest discoveries. There are lot of articles appearing in science journals about the Placebo effect and Particle physics.

Patients who are given fake (placebo) medicines, without their knowledge, are cured faster than the patients who took real medicine. The scientists have found out that faith plays a major role in the treatment.


In the same way, the particle physics says that even the observer can influence the result of an action. People were wondering how come the religion and science are very different in producing results. They asked if two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen react with each other and produce water for everyone in any laboratory in the world, why not the religious rituals do this? We read about miracles performed by the saints, but ordinary men can’t do miracle. Moreover, the same saint cannot do the miracle for everyone, every time, why?


Now that we know observer can interact with the things or actions he watches; Everything is dependent upon the intensity of the observer’s thoughts. I guess the more powerful the observer is, better results are achieved. More research into particle physics will bring out more truths about Hindu beliefs. In the next fifty years or so, scientists will agree with the Hindu saints in full. They will also agree with us that Time Travel is possible mentally (not physically) without interfering in the past or future. I can compare it with the pdf and word versions of a document. You can’t edit it in pdf version. Like that, we can’t edit the past, future and present. But you can watch it (read only document). Only great saints can interfere in it.



My Old Article on the same subject is given below

Space ships and Special Prayer Days (Posted 10 February 2012)


The title may look strange to many of you. You may wonder what a spaceship has got to do with special prayer days. I would like to explain why Hindus insist doing prayers on special days and at special times and in earmarked places. If the prayers are done by great saint’s miracles do happen. But when we do the same, no such miracles occur. Why?


Hindus believe that praying on festival days like Shivratri, Durgashtami, Ganesh Chathurthy, Kanda Shasti, Janmashtami, Rama Navami etc will increase the benefits many folds. Praying during solar or lunar eclipse will also boost the power of our prayers is a popular belief. Hindu scriptures support this belief. Is it true that certain places or certain days or certain times are more beneficial than other days? Yes, it is true.


When Adi Shankara sang the Kanakadhara Stotram a shower of golden gooseberries (amalaka) fell from the heaven for the sake of a poor devoted lady. When Saivite Nayanmars and Vaishnavite Alwars sang hymns, hundreds of miracles happened. It is the same old story with a lot of saints like Nivritti, Jnandev, Sopana, Muktabhai, Eknath,Namdev, Tukaram, Ramdas, Chaitanya,  Shirdi Saibaba, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Ramana and many more Babas.


Why doesn’t God answer our prayers when we sing the same old hymns sung by our saints?


Let’s look at this example:

If you want to send a spaceship into space orbit or beyond that point you need to plan a lot of things. You can’t launch a spaceship from anywhere on earth. You must have a space station at a vantage point, most times near the sea or uninhabited places. Moreover the latitude and longitude of that place must be taken into account. For example, it is advantageous if the launch pad is nearer the equator.


You have to design a rocket which exceeds a speed of at least eight miles per second (11.2 kilometres/second). This is called escape velocity. Then you must have sufficient energy to lift the rocket. The heavier the rocket, the more fuel you need to get to this speed. Then you must have an aim – like the Moon or Mars, and do the calculations accordingly and correctly. If you make even a small mistake in the calculation, the space pod at the tip of the rocket may fall back on earth or travel several thousand miles away from its destination. We often read of such failures in the newspapers. Most space missions to Mars have failed.

For launching every rocket they have Launch Windows. They have to fire the rocket at a specific time. If they miss it they have to wait for another like that. This is especially true when scientists want to launch a spaceship to a particular planet: they have to calculate the orbit of that planet and the time it comes closest to earth etc. If they want to use the ‘gravitational slingshot’ to speed up the journey, they have to adhere to a particular time. This will save an enormous amount of fuel.


One can apply this principal to prayers on special days or by special people:

We must have some aim and focus only on it (like the space ship). We must make great preparations like selecting a particular place, day and time (like launch windows). We must have enough fuel (number of times or recitation of mantra) and right speed (intensity of prayer). If our ego, hatred, desire, bad thoughts etc. are eliminated then the prayer becomes fruitful. We attain ‘escape velocity’ for our prayers and it goes straight in to orbit (of God). Since saints like Adi Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhwa, Chaitanya or Yogis and Rishis knew these “launch windows” and they attained the escape velocity easily for their prayers to achieve great success. But we always waiver, make the wrong calculations and the wrong demands so our rockets (prayers) easily fail.


Special festival days are like launch windows – they are the right time for our prayers to be sent. Our prayers will easily reach the target. Festival days act like gravitational slingshots – our prayers, even if you recite the mantra just 100 times, are boosted several thousand times. In short it reaches its destination and gives you the expected results quickly.




Forty-Six Hindu Discoveries and Indianization of Greek Philosophy (Post No.3837)

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 21 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 10-52 am

Post No. 3837

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com


Nowadays there are lot of websites and blogs to explain the scientific basis of Hindu rituals and beliefs. I have also written hundreds of articles in this blog. But I was surprised to read an article by Dr Balakrishna M.A., Ph.D. in the Dr Modi Memorial Volume published in 1930.Dr Balakrishna listed at least 46 discoveries of Hindu forefathers. Here is a summary of his nine page article written in 1930 or earlier.


1.The Indo- Aryans, whether they constitute the oldest race on this planet or not, surely developed a great civilization at some unknown antiquity. Theirs might be called the earliest civilization in the known annals of mankind.


2.Several scholars have shown numerous evidences of the Indian influence on Greek thought, literature, customs and political institutions, but others vigorously reject every idea of the Indianization of the Hellenistic culture


3.The speculations of the Vedic and Upanishadic writers are antecedent to all attempts of the Greek mind to dive deep into the mysteries of the world around. The similarity of Zoroastrianism to the Atharvan (Vedic) religion, the worship of the four Vedic Gods such as Agni, Mitra, Indra Asvins in Assyria, and the Greek tradition of the travel of Thales, Pythagoras, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus and other philosophers into the Oriental countries, and of their acquaintance with Arabs, Chaldeans, Hebrews, Galatians and Indians, in a word, with all the inspired people of the East – all these should lead us to the conclusion that the Greek mind was more or less influenced by Indian Philosophy.

Indian Roots of Pythagoreanism


The close similarity of Pythagoreanism with the Hindu philosophy in the worship of god as Tatragmation; the doctrine of five elements, the immortality and transmigration of souls, tripartite soul, the communion with gods, the miraculous powers of the soul, and of the esoteric circle of the initiated; the belief of Pythagoreans in periodic cycle and the kinship of all living creatures, their love of mysticism, asceticism and spiritualism; their pantheistic tendencies; their belief in magic; abstinence from animal diet except when the animals were sacrificed to the gods; the regular performance of Homa; the Pythagorean theorem in particular, and, in general, mathematics, medicine and music, these analogies should lead one to the same conclusion.


Hence Dr Grabe positively asserts that there seems to be no doubt abaout the dependence of Pythagoras upon Indian philosophy and science; and all the more so, as the Greeks themselves considered his doctrines as foreign.


Indian Origin of Orphicism


Again, the cult of Orphicism with its Hindu doctrines of ecstacy, asceticism, soul-culture and abstension from animal food, its systems of purification and sacraments for the redemption of the soul, its belief in a written revelation, its organisation of initiated ‘communities’ or religious fraternities, its faith I the happier lot of the purified and the initiated and, lastly, its creed of the ‘wheel of birth’ of the transmigration of souls or the reincarnation, rather imprisonment, of souls in animal and vegetable forms – these facts show at least some influence of Indian philosophy on the Greek mind.


Similar Systems of Indian and Greek Philosophy


The Greek theories of pantheism, hedonism and mysticism are profoundly similar to those enunciated in India. The identity of divine pantheons, of religious beliefs and practises, especially of language is no less perplexing. The Indian and Greek systems of philosophy built upon these bases have remarkable resemblance.


The teachings of Xenophanes, Parmendies and other Eleatics seem to be parodies of the Upanishadic verses.

The views of Heraclitus, Anaximander, Empedocles, Democritus, Epicurus, Plato and Neo-Platonists, present many striking analogies with the Sankhyan doctrine.

Hindu Discoveries


The Hindus were the earliest pre-cursors of the European scientists and philosophers in anticipating and formulating important theories bearing directly or indirectly upon the central doctrine of evolution. The list of such discoveries will show that their scientific contributions were not insignificant.

  1. The Atomic Theory.
  2. Ether as the prima materia.
  3. The Ether Theory of Light.
  4. The Law of Evolution
  5. Spontaneous Evolution of the Cosmos
  6. The Law of Nihil ex nihilo
  7. Nebular Theory.
  8. Emanation Theory.
  9. The Law of the Constancy of Matter,
  10. The Law of the Conservation of Energy.
  11. The Theory of the Dematerialization of Matter.
  12. The Theory of the Unification of Energy.
  13. The doctrine of the unity and Convertibility of human energy and natural forces.
  14. The Procreatrix of the Cosmos is energy and not Matter. 15. Matter is a form of Energy.
  15. The Theory of Abiogenesis.
  16. The Theory of Biogenesis.
  17. Soul-a physiological product,
  18. Mind a -material evolution.
  19. Consciousness–a material evolution.
  20. Sense organs are phenomenal.
  21. Physical origin of life.
  22. The Theory of Epigenesis.
  23. The theory of cosmozoa.
  24. Corpuscular theory.
  25. Life and Consciousness in plants.
  26. Fertilization of plants by insects.

28, Circulation of blood.

  1. circulation of the sap in trees.
  2. Cell Theory,
  3. The theory of the control of sex.
  4. Laws of Eugenics
  5. Laws of Heredity.
  6. Effects of exogamy and endogamy.

35, Physical interpretation of character.

  1. Relation of food and mind.
  2. Theories of the origin of colour.
  3. Factors of the variation of species
  4. Theory of progressive social evolution.
  5. Theory of social retrogression.
  6. The law of the survival of the fittest.
  7. The state as a necessary evil.
  8. The state as a necessary good.
  9. The state, a divine institution
  10. The Hobbesian theory of warfare.
  11. Theory of Social Contract.

Some of these theories can be traced in one form or another in Greek philosophy. Hence there are striking parallelisms in all the important spheres of thought of the Indians and Hellenes. This profound similarity of Greek and Indian speculations on cosmogony and other problems of life, has led many to the conclusion that Greek thought is the inspired child of Indian philosophy.


Why do Hindus worship Grammar every day? (Post No.3814)

Written by London swaminathan


Date: 13 APRIL 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 10-12 am


Post No. 3814


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.


contact; swami_48@yahoo.com



Hindus are the strangest people in the world. Every day they worship sandals (shoes), sun and moon, Tulsi and Bilva leaves, several flowers and trees, cow and elephant, stones and metals (statues and idols), umpteen gods and innumerable symbols including Om and Swastika. In short they worship earth and all its occupants and stars and planets above the earth. This means they see God in everything. Since they have been doing it for 3500 years continuously according to Max Muller and 6500 years continuously according to Herman Jacobi and B.G.Tilak, I consider the Hindus ‘living fossils’.


But if one worships even prosody and grammar, numbers and mathematics for 6000 years until today they must be the most advanced civilization and most intelligent people on earth.

Five Years ago, I wrote an article in this blog with 41 points in 41 paragraphs under the title:

Brahmins deserve an entry in to Guinness Book of Records”; posted on 26 January 2012


in which I mentioned the following as one of the points:

G for Grammar: When we do the Gayatri  Japa we do touch our nose and say Gayathri (24 syllables) , Ushnik (28), Anushtub (32), Bruhathi (36), Pankthi (40), Trustub (44), jagathi  (48 syllables)–all these are Vedic meters. Grammar for writing poetry-prosody. Who in the world use grammar (prosody) terms for worship? Don’t we deserve a place in the Book of Records for using Grammar in our daily rituals?

Brahmins do Sandhavandana three times a day: before sunrise, noon and after sunset. They do worship Vedic Gods in the prayer. Just before doing the most important Gayatri mantra they touch their nose and say Gayatri, Ushnik,Anushtubh, Brhti, Panti, Trshtubh, Jagati.


These are the Vedic metres, part of prosody (the study of versification, especially, the systematic study of metrical structure). Vedic Hindus paid so much attention to it and stressed its importance by including it into every day rituals. They studied sounds and its rhythm and patters. Vedic Hindus classified it in an order; we can see a pattern, arithmetic pattern in it. Lot of research is required to study them scientifically. Since Aitareya Brahmana says,


“He who wishes for long life, should use two verses in Ushnih metre; for Ushnih is life. He who having such a knowledge uses two Ushihs arrives at his full age (100 years).


“He who desires heaven should use tow Anushtubhs. There are 64 syllables in two Anushtubhs. Each of these three worlds (Earth, Air and Sky= Bhur Bhuva Suvah) contains 21 places, one rising above the other (just as the steps of a ladder). By 21 steps he ascends to each of these worlds severally; by taking the 64th step he stands firm in the celestial world. He who having such a knowledge uses two Anushtubhs gains a footing (in the celestial world).

“He who desires strength should use two Trishtubhs. Trishtubh is strength, vigour and sharpens of senses. He who knowing this, uses two Trishtubhs, becomes vigorous, endowed with sharp senses and strong.

He who desires cattle should use two Jagatis. Cattle are Jagati like. He who knowing this uses two Jagatis, becomes rich in cattle”.

GAYATRI METRE (or Meter)=24

Three times 8 syllables

This is the most sacred one and it is the proper metre for Agni (Fire God).


It has got 28 syllables

This is the symbol of life; anyone needs longevity use this.

ANUSHTUBH = 32 Syllables

It is the symbol of celestial world

Those who wish to go to heaven should use this.


BRIHATI = 36 Syllables

This metre is used to attain fame

PANKTI = 40 syllables

Five times 8

This is also used to get wealth.



It expresses the idea of strength and royal power

This is the proper metre to invoke Indra

Kshatriyas use it to get strength and power.

Four times 11 syllables


JAGATI= 48 syllables

Anyone who wishes for wealth, cattle wealth must use it.


(Viraj = 30 syllables; It helps one to get food and satisfaction.)


Why did Vedic Hindus attribute certain qualities to each metre?

Why did they arrange them in a particular (number) pattern?

Is there a scientific basis for it?

Has any one studied the Vedas form this angle?

Are they just symbolic way of saying something else?

(Number five is used to denote five senses; 64 used to denote 64 arts; Cattle and elephant are used as symbols of five senses)


We must do more research in these metres and its claims of longevity, fame, strength etc.

Dance and Music

Max Muller says, “The metres were originally connected with dancing and music. The names for metre in general confirm this. Chandas, metre, denotes stepping, vritta, metre from vrit, to turn, meant originally the last three or four steps of a dancing movement, to turn, the versus which determined the whole character of a dance and of a metre. Trishtubh means three steps”.


Griffith says, “The Hymns are composed in various metres, some of which are exceedingly simple and others comparatively complex and elaborate, and two or more different etres are frequently found in the same hymn, for instance in Book 1 shows nine distinct varieties in the same number of verses”.

More research with all the scientific instruments will prove how advanced were the Vedic Hindus in the science of sound and music.

They were highly civilized, far ahead of the known ancient civilizations.


Source Book:

An Account of the Vedas with Numerous Extracts from The Rig Veda by J Murdoch.


விஞ்ஞானம் நிரூபிக்கும் வால்மீகி முனிவர் கூறும் உண்மைகள்! (Post No.3807)

written by S NAGARAJAN


Date:11 April 2017


Time uploaded in London:-  5-44 am



Post No.3807



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.


contact: swami_48@yahoo.com



விஞ்ஞானம் மெய்ஞானம்

ஞான ஆலயம் மார்ச் 2017 இதழில் வெளியான கட்டுரை


விஞ்ஞானம் நிரூபிக்கும் வால்மீகி முனிவர் கூறும் உண்மைகள்!


by ச.நாகராஜன்


நாஸா நிரூபிக்கும் சேது


அறிவியல்  முன்னேற முன்னேற பல்வேறு ஆய்வின் முடிவுகள் ஹிந்து மதம் கூறும் தத்துவங்களையும் கொள்கைகளையும் உண்மை என நிரூபித்துக் கொண்டே வருகின்றன.

வால்மீகி தான் இயற்றிய ராமாயணத்தில் உண்மையைத் தவிர வேறொன்றும் உரைக்கவில்லை.


நாஸா எடுத்த சாடலைட் படம் சேது அணை இருப்பதை உறுதி செய்ததை நாம் அறிவோம் (ஞான ஆலயம் டிசம்பர் 2007 இதழில் இந்தக் கட்டுரை ஆசிரியர் எழுதிய கட்டுரையை வாசகர்கள் நினைவு கூரலாம்)


ஜெர்மனியைச் சேர்ந்த வரலாற்று ஆய்வாளர்களான புரபஸர் க்ளாஸ் டி ருல் (Prof Klaus D Ruhl)  மற்றும் அவரது இந்திய சகாவான புரபஸர் விஷாத் திரிபாதி ஆகியோர் ராமர் கட்டிய சேதுவைப் பற்றிய உண்மையை நிரூபிக்கத் தயார் என்று அகில உலக இராமாயண் மாநாட்டில் 2007இல் அறிவித்தனர்.

இராமர் பிறாந்த தேதி


இராமாயணம் நடந்த காலத்தில் ராமர் பிறந்த நேரத்தில் இருந்த பல்வேறு கிரக் நிலைகளை வால்மீகி ரிஷி கூறியிருப்பதை வைத்து ஆராய்ந்து அப்படிப்பட்ட கிரக நிலைகள் கிறிஸ்து பிறப்பதற்கு 5114 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் ஜ்னவரி மாதம் 10ஆம் தேதி அமைந்திருந்ததாக இப்போது பிரபல ஆராய்ச்சியாளர் புஷ்கர் பட்நாகர் கூறுகிறார்.. தி இன்ஸ்டிடியூட் ஃபார் ஸயிண்டிபிக் ரிஸர்ச் ஆன் வேதா என்ற ஆய்வு நிறுவனம் இந்த கணிதத்தைப் போடுவதற்கான  ஒரு விசேஷ மென்பொருளை வடிவமைத்துள்ளது. அதன் உதவி கொண்டு இந்த முடிவை அவர்  கண்டுள்ளார். இதே கிரக நிலைகள் சுழற்சி அடிப்படையில் இதற்கு முன்னர் வரும் போது காலம் இன்னும் பல ஆயிரம் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் உள்ள தேதியைக் காண்பிக்கும் என்பது இன்னும் சில அறிஞர்களின் முடிவு.


196 ராமாயண ஸ்தலங்கள்!


2002 ஆம் ஆண்டில் டாக்டர் ராம் அவதார் சர்மா என்ற ஆய்வாளர் ராமாயணத்துடன் தொடர்பு கொண்ட 196 இடங்களுக்கு நேரில் சென்று ஆய்வு நடத்தி அங்கெல்லாம் இன்றும் கூட ராமாயணம் நடந்ததற்கான சின்னங்கள் இருப்பதை உறுதிப் படுத்தியுள்ளார்.


குகனின் வமிசாவளியினர்


டெல்லி பல்கலைக் கழகத்தைச் சேர்ந்த டாக்டர் சௌபே மற்றும் புரபஸர் வி.ஆர்.ராவ் ஆகியோர் இன்னொரு உண்மையைத் தங்கள் ஆய்வின் மூலம் கண்டறிந்துள்ளனர்.மிராஜ்பூர், வாரணாசி,பண்டா மற்றும் அலஹாபாத் ஆகிய இடங்களில் இன்றும் இருந்து வரும் கொல் என்னும் பழங்குடியினர் குகனுடைய வம்சத்தின் வழித்தோன்றல்கள் என்று அவர்கள் கூறுகின்றனர்.இவர்களுடைய மரபணுக்கள் பத்தாயிரம் வருடங்களாக இருந்து வரும் ஒரு குடியினரின் மரபணுக்களாகும் என்ற அவர் கூற்று ஆரியர் இந்தியாவின் மீது படையெடுத்து வநதனர் என்ற ஆரிய-திராவிட வாதத்தைத் தவிடு பொடியாக்குகிறது.


பிரித்தாளும் சூழ்ச்சியில் கை தேர்ந்த ஆங்கிலேய அரசுக்கு உறுதுணையாக இருந்த பல அறிஞர்களின் கட்டுக்கதையான ஆரிய திராவிட வாதம் தற்போதைய பல்வேறு அறிஞர்களின் ஆய்வால் முற்றிலும் கட்டுக்கதை என்பது நிரூபணமாகி விட்டது.


நான்கு தந்தங்கள் கொண்ட யானை உண்மையே


சுந்தர காண்டத்தில் இராவணனின் அரண்மனை நான்கு தந்தங்கள்  கொண்ட யானைகளால் காவல் காக்கப்படுவதை வால்மீகி முனிவர் நான்காவது ஸர்க்கம் 29ஆம் சுலோகத்தில் “வாரணைச்ச சதுர்தந்தை:” என்ற சொற்றொடர் மூலம் குறிப்பிடுகிறார்.

அதே காண்டத்தில் 27ஆம் ஸர்க்கத்தில் வரும் சுலோகம் இது:


ராகவஸ்ச மயா த்ருஷ்டச் சதுர்தந்தம் மஹாகஜம் |

ஆரூட: சைல சங்காஷம் சசார சஹ லக்ஷ்மண: ||


விபீஷணனின் பெண்ணான திரிஜடை, இராவணன் அழிக்கப்பட்டு சீதையுடன் இராமன் சேருவதாகத் தான் கண்ட கனவை சீதையிடம் கூறுகிறாள். அப்போது அவள் கூறும் இந்த சுலோகத்தின் பொருள்: “ராகவர் லக்ஷ்மணரோடு கூடியவராய் நான்கு தந்தங்களை உடைய குன்று போல உள்ள யானையின் மீது ஏறினவராக என்னால் காணப்பட்டார்”


நான்கு தந்தங்கள் கொண்ட யானையே இல்லை; அது கற்பனை என பல “பகுத்தறிவுவாதிகள்” கிண்டலும் கேலியுமாக கூறி வந்ததுண்டு.


ஆனால் என்கார்டா என்சைக்ளோபீடியா (Encarta Encyclopedia)  என்னும் கலைக்களஞ்சியம் இப்படிப்பட்ட நான்கு தந்தங்கள் கொண்ட யானைகள் 38 மில்லியன் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் இருந்தது என்பதையும் அவற்றின் பெயர்


மஸடோடோண்டாய்டியா (MASTODONTOIDEA) என்றும் குறிப்பிடுகிறது. அந்த இனம் 15 மில்லியன் ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் அழிந்து பட்டது என்றும் பின்னர் இரண்டு தந்தங்கள் உடைய யானைகள் தோன்றின என்றும் அந்தக் கலைக் களஞ்சியம் தெரிவிக்கிறது.


ஆய்வுகள் பல நவீன உபகரணங்களுடன் நடத்தப்பட நடத்தப்பட புதிய உண்மைகள் வெளியாகிக் கொண்டே இருக்கின்றன. ஒவ்வொன்றும் வால்மீகி கூறி இருக்கும் ஒவ்வொரு வார்த்தையும் உண்மையே என்பதை நிரூபிக்கின்றன.

சத்தியத்தின் அடிப்படையில் சத்திய நாயகனான ராமனின் சரிதத்தைக் கூறும் வால்மீகி ராமாயணத்தில்,

“ஏகைகமக்ஷரம் ப்ரோக்தம் மஹா பாதக நாசனம்” – அதில் வரும் ஒவ்வொரு எழுத்தும் கூறப்படுகையில் அது மகா பாதகத்தையும் போக்கி விடும் என்று முன்னோர் கூறியது பொருள் படைத்ததல்லவா!




Water in the Oldest Scripture in the World- Rig Veda (Post No.3805)

Written by London swaminathan


Date: 10 APRIL 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 18.57


Post No. 3805


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.


contact; swami_48@yahoo.com


Hindus praised water as God. All the rivers in India are worshipped as goddesses (except Brahmaputra river which has a masculine name). From the Rig Veda to the latest Bharati, every one praised water or rain.


Following is the oldest hymn on water:

To Apas (water)

Rig Veda ( 10-9)

Metre: various including Gayatri metre

Rishi Sindhudvipa (Indus Valley King)

Son of Ambarisha, Indus Valley Civilization Emperor

(also called Trisiras or Tvastri)

Waters! you who are health-giving

give us energy, so that

we may look on great delight (1)

Give us a share of your most

beneficent sapidity/ strong pleasant flavour

like mothers longing with love (2)


So, gladly do we go with you

to the home for which you make us live,

Waters! Give us progeny (3)


Gracious be divine Waters for

our protection, be they for our drink,

and stream on us bliss and happiness (4)


Sovereigns over precious things,

and Rulers over men, Waters!

we seek healing balm of you. (5)


Within Waters – so Soma has

told me – are all healing balms,

and Agni, benign to all (6)

Waters, come filled with healing balm

for the shielding of my body,

so, may I long see the sun (7)

Wash away, Waters, whatever

sin is in me, what wrong I have done,

what imprecation I have uttered,

and what untruth I have spoken (8)

Today I have sought the Waters,

we have mingled with their essence;

approach me, Agni, with thy power,

and fill me, as such, with brilliance (9)


(Date :– Herman Jacobi dates it to 4500 BCE; Max Muller dates it to a date before 1200 BCE up to 5000 BCE)


This is an amazing hymn on Waters. The Vedic people knew the healing properties of the water; the words healing-giving, beneficent sapidity and healing balm show that the Vedic people recognised the hygienic and curative powers of water.


Soma ,here, means personification of the juice

Agni, here, referring particularly to the heat in water.


Hindus had the science of changing water into  a powerful weapon by some magic spells like the one above; they were able to curse or give boons with water. They used Fire(agni) as a witness to all treaties or agreements and they used Water (Apas) for all the curses, boons and giving donations. We couldn’t see such a thing anywhere in the world. In Sangam Tamil literature, we have lot of references to using water for giving donations; but we have very few references to curses in Post Sangam literature. By that time Hindus forgot the magical powers of waters.

Water is Law: Satapata Brahmana (850 BCE):


The Satapata Brahmana, which the foreigners dated 850 BCE, says

“The waters, they are law; that is why when the earth receives waters regularly, everything is in accord with the law. But when the rain fails, the strong victimise the weak, for the waters, they are law.”


Tamil Veda Tirukkural also emphasized this:

“Even as life on earth cannot sustain without water, virtue too depends ultimately on rain”- Kural 20


The life on earth cannot sustain without water – is said by Kapilar earlier in Natrinai (verse 1) which is at least 2000 old.


Hindus used water as similes and in the proverbs.

If something is not reliable and not permanent they say, “It is written on water”. If something is written and preserved in tact they it is written on written on stone.”

The life’s impermanence is compared to the bubble in the water.


Manu Smrti, the oldest Law book in the world, mention God created water first and the life from it. The word for god is Narayana, one who has water as his abode. (Neer is Indo European and and Found in Nereids in Greek. Neer is also found in tail as Tamil and Sanskrit evolved from the same source according to my research.)

Manu says about water:

A man who gives (gifts) water obtains satisfaction/contentment; a giver of food boundless happiness; a bestower of sesame seeds progeny; and a giver of a lamp, excellent eye sight (Manu 4-229)

When it comes to division of property, they say that a piece of clothing, a carriage, jewellery, cooked food, water women, the means of security and a pasture should not be divided (Manu 9-219)

One should not urinate in water, on roads, on ant hill, on the ruins of a temple, a cowpen or a mound of the dead;one should never emit excrement in water (4-45/46/48)


One should not throw urine, excrement, poison, saliva or impurities in water (4-56)

a man should not shed his semen in water (11-174)

A Brahmin should throw his worn out thread water pot, staff, small animal skin bit, belt into water reciting Vedas (2-64)

A Priest is purified Bywater that reaches up to his heart, a king by water up to his neck, a Vaisya by the water swallowed and a Shudra by water touched on the tip of his lips (2-62)


Manu also speaks of the punishment for stealing or diverting irrigation water in chapters (3 and 9)





Kalidasa’s simile in Tamil ‘Kalitokai’ about Water Purification! (Post No.3775)

Written by London swaminathan


Date: 31 March 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 9-38 am


Post No. 3775


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.


contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

Picture: A girl is fetching water from Railway Supply Pipes in Agartala, Tripura

Kalidasa has used over 1300 similes and imageries in his seven works. Out of the 1300 plus similes, Sangam Tamil poets have used over 200 similes; This places Kalidasa before the Sangam Poets i.e. before 2000 years ago. I have shown in my research articles posted here from 2011 that only Sangam poets copied Kalidasa and not vice versa. It is all about Ganges, Himalayas and mythologies. Here is one more example from his drama Malavikagnimitram (Malavika+ Agnimitram). This is repeated verbatim by the Sangam Tamil poet Nallanthuvanar in Kalitokai verse 142)


Here is the reference from Kalidasa’s work:

“Just as a stupide person becomes wise by association with the wiser, similarly the turbid water becomes clear by contact with the purifying fruit of the Kataka tree” – Malavikagnimitram II-7


Mandoapyamandataameti samsarhgena vipachchitaha

pankacchidaha phalasyeva nikarshaenavilam payaha


Here is the Tamil poet’s simile:

“ How come she has become bright and composed now! As soon as she embraced that broad chested man, she has become clear like the water that has become crystal clear after adding the Thetraankottai (Clearing nuts)” – Kalitokai, Verse 142;  Nallanthuvanar in Neithal Kali.


Kalitokai is an anthology of Sangam Tamil period. It is dated to first three centuries CE.


Though this water purification method is known to all the villagers from Kanyakumari to Kashmir, the way the two poets used betrays copying. Since Kalidasa is praised sky-high by the whole world for his usage of similes he couldn’t have copied. His similes are found in Gatha Sapta Sati and Sanagm Tamil Literature—over 300 similes! Had Kalidasa copied from all the 300 poets the world would have condemned Kalidasa as a copy cat! Moreover, the way and the place he used the imageries proved that his were the originals. Apart from these things, Kalidasa knew the Northern parts of India and Hindu mythology than the Southern Tamil and GSS Prakrit poets. This places Kalidasa in the first two centuries of BCE. ( For more proof , please read my articles comparing Kalidasa and the Sangam Tamil Literature)


I have given below my previous article on the water purification methods:




Water Purification Techniques in Ancient Indian Literature!


Written by London swaminathan

Research Article No. 1688; Dated 3 March 2015.

Water is a rare commodity in certain parts of India. There is a proverb in Tamil, “Treat Water as Precious” – “Neeraiyum Seeraadu”. Villagers have to walk miles together just to get some water for their day to day essential use. Even that water is murky or muddy. Indian literature is full of stories about mass migration because of big droughts. We read about the droughts and migration in Vedic literature and later Tamil literature. Indus valley civilization was also affected by acute drought. Mahabharata described the drought in Saraswati River basin and the Brahmins moved out of that area.  have collected all the references to drought in the Vedas and Tamil literature for my research.

Even in the areas where water is available, there were certain periods of acute scarcity. So the ingenious people have found out some techniques for water purification. Usually they dugout water springs in the dry river beds or some places identified by the trees. Varahamihira has dealt with this in a separate chapter in his Brhat Samhita (Please read my earlier article on this topic: How to find water in the desert? Posted on 16th February 2015 in this blog)

Tamil Books on Water purification

Kalitokai is an anthology of Sangam Tamil period. It is dated to first three centuries CE. A confused woman who later became clear and composed is compared to the water that is purified by the clearing nuts (Kalitokai, Neithar Kali by Poet Nallanthuvanar):

“ How come she has become bright and composed now! As soon as she embraced that broad chested man, she has become clear like the water that has become crystal clear after adding the Thetraankottai (Clearing nuts)”

Naladiyar is an anthology of 400 verses in Tamil. It is dated to eighth century CE. One of the verses says about the unlearned people,

“Though they be unlearned, if they move in the society of the learned, the former will grow wise and learned just as the new earthen pot by its contact with the bright coloured “Paathiri” flower, imparts its fragrance to the water deposited in it”.



jalakatakarenu nyayah

Sanskrit language has got many Nyayas (analogies or similes) and one of them is jala katakarenu nyaya. The nyaya is used to illustrate that dirty things can be purified by mixing with good things. If you mix the kataka powder (Clearing nut powder), then the water gets purified-  is the message. This is used by great people like Sri Sathya Sai baba to bring out the sacrifice one makes in community service. He used to say, “bring out the good in the society and disappear like Kataka powder. Once it purifies the water it dissolves in the water and loses its shape. A social worker also should sacrifice his name, fame and identity when he serves the community like the kataka powder” — is the message, he gives.

KATAKA = Strychnos potatorum = clearing nut tree= Thetra maram in Tamil

It is a common sight in South Indian houses that a corner is allocated for a mud pot. There the mud pot is placed on a heap of river sand and in the water pot they put Vettiver or pathiri flower for fragrant and cool drinking water.



Varahamihira on Water purification

Brhat Samhita – Chapter 54

“A mixture of antimony, and the powder of Bhadramusta ( a kind of grass) bullbs, andropogon, Rajakostaka and myrobalan combined with Kataka nuts should be dropped into a well.

Anjanasusthosariirai: saraajakosathakaamalakachurnai:

Kathakafalasamayukthairyoga kuupe pradhaatavya:

(Kataka = Strychnos potatorum- Clearing Nut tree. Cilliya mara , Tettamaram in Tamil and Malayalam;  Anjana is translated as antimony; but it has other meanings in Sanskrit).

Even the water that is muddy, bitter, saltish, bereft of good taste, and of bad odour, will become clear/pure, of good taste and good smell and endowed with other qualities”.

The villagers living in arid areas will be benefitted if they follow ancient scriptures. In African countries they use the seeds of Moringa oleifera, a common vegetable used in South India and Sri Lanka.