Post No.7469

Date uploaded in London – 19 January 2020

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Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.


It is the study of body parts and their connection to a person’s behaviour and character. It is one of the 64 arts listed in Vatsyayana’s Kama Sutra. He included it in the women’s school syllabus in ancient India. 2000 years ago, intelligent Hindu women were well versed in Shamudrika lakshan. Vatsyana included even Coded Language in the 64 arts!

I wrote 2 or three articles on shamudrika lakshan (please see the links below).

Two more news items of body parts’ link to one’s character have been published in London newspapers.


Face value

Think you can trust someone?

Just look into their eyes. People with brown eyes are regarded more trustworthy than those with blue, according to Czech scientists. Having a rounded place also rates highly which means a jowly man will fit our perception of trustworthiness even if he has blue eyes.

–Metro newspaper, Jan10, 2013

My comments :- I am throwing away my old paper cuttings. So I thought it is better to post them here. But I wanted to warn you about blue eyes. Max Muller, German Sanskrit ‘scholar’ popularised the Aryan Migration theory and proudly said that Germans also belonged to Aryan race in his comment about Vedic Dyaus (Greek God Zeus). Hitler got inspiration from Max muller, his compatriot, and said blue eyed German girls belonged to the pure Aryan race and so others must be thrown out etc. Please read Hitler’s autobiography Mein Kampf. So be careful about Blue Eye researches!!

My second comment about coloured eyes is that  99-9 % of Indians have only black eyes and yet we see among them sinners and saints! So be careful about coloured eye theories or conclusions or researches.

My last comment is that most of the foreigners who write on India have ‘coloured eyes’, I mean jaundiced eyes! That is why they give distorted pictures about India!! Can we call it optical illusion?


Second news item from Metro newspaper:–

Girls, beware of Ring Fingers!

Size him up!

Fed up with play away fellas, ladies? Then check the length of the ring finger of the next guy you meet. Primates with longer ring fingers than their second fingers (such as baboons) are more promiscuous than those where the difference is  ‘,such as gibbons. The digit difference is down to how much androgen hormones they are exposed to in the womb, said Liverpool University Researchers.

–Metro, November 5, 2009.

My comments:

In my mother tongue Tamil, there is a proverb : ‘Unemployed barber caught the cat and shaved it off the hair’ Look at the above research. Nothing wrong in doing research about monkeys and apes. But who asked them to measure the fingers and link them to sexual behaviour at the cost of tax payers’ money? Universities are funded by governments and NGOs . They can spend the money for better projects.

Last but not the least, 2000 year ago Vatsyayana listed the Shamudrika lakshan as one of the 64 subjects a woman should learn. I have featured a 100 year old Tamil book on Shamudrika lakshana in Facebook. I got it from the British Library in London. Why shouldn’t our universities do proper research on it? And I also advised NASA scientists to consult Nadi Astrologers in Tamil Nadu who can give your birth chart (Planetary positions on the day of your birth) just by looking at your palm. If your palm can show your birth time it would be definitely useful in Medical science and forensic science.(See the link below for my post on NASA)! › tag › samudrika-lakshan

samudrika lakshan | Tamil and Vedas


26 May 2012 – Posts about samudrika lakshan written by Tamil and Vedas. › 2014/09/09 › astrology-in-mahavamsa

Astrology in Mahavamsa! | Tamil and Vedas


9 Sep 2014 – We did not know how they worked it out. It may be intuitive power or mastery of Shamudrika Lakshan (body marks or shape). adilabad kili

What India could teach NASA Scientists? | Tamil and Vedas


5 May 2014 – If an astrologer who has specialised Nadi Jothidam, looks at your hand he can … But I must admit that other predictions about future did not come true. … If the astronomers learn this from the Hindus, they can understand the … › 2018/09/01 › hindus-new-methods-of-fortune-t…



1 Sep 2018 – I have already given details about rope trick astrology, lizard … that NASA scientists of USA must do some research about Hindu Nadi Jothidam.

blue eyed gentleman



Acupressure in Rig Veda


Research article Written by London Swaminathan

Uploaded in London on  – 5 JANUARY 2020

Post No.7422

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pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

I explained the medical knowledge in the Rig Vedic hymn 10-136 yesterday on the basis of R T Griffith’s comments. Griffith (1826- 1906) makes another interesting comment in the next Rig Vedic hymn in the Tenth Mandala (10-137)

I add my comments about the Vedic seers’ knowledge about the two monsoons of India and Naturopathy including massage and acupressure.

Here is the full hymn:-

Rig Veda 10-137


Griffith says,


This stanza is important as showing that the Indians employed touches or laying-on of hands to relieve suffering or to restore health. See also X-60-12

Griffith’s translation of 10-60-12 also talks about hand cure:-

Felicitous is this mine hand, yet more felicitous is this.

This hand contains all healing balm, and this makes whole with gentle touch . ,


The Wind speaks , weakening malady: yaksma may be sickness in general, or the name of a large class of diseases, probably of consumptive nature.


Who committed sin: sickness and death being regarded as the consequence of sins.


My Comments

This hymn is received from the great Seven Seers; Hindus named the Ursa Major constellation in the northern sky as Seven Seers (Sapta Rishi) constellation. They also named the twin star at the end of the seven star system as Vasishta and his wife Arundhati.

These Seven Seers and the chaste woman Arundhati are worshipped by Hindus for over 2000 years from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari. 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature has all the praise for the chaste Hindu wife Arundhati in umpteen places. Seven Star system is worshipped by the Tamils according to Narrinai verse 231 by Tamil poet Ilanaganar. ,

The Sapta Rishis say one stanza each in the hymn; they are

Bharadvaja, Kasyapa, Gautama, Atri, Visvamitra, Jamadagni,

and Vasishtha.


Two Monsoons in the Rig Veda

Meteorology and Two Monsoons

10-137-2 speaks of the two winds from the seas. My interpretation is that they are South West Monsoon and North East Monsoon. Kalidasa of first century BCE, travels with the S W monsoon up to the Himalaya in his poem Megadhuta. He is the oldest poet who tracks the monsoon from south to north. He is the oldest tourist guide who describes all the places along the path of the S W monsoon.

10-137-1 shows the belief in the Karma theory of Hindus. What we get in this birth is from the acts we did in our previous births; Diseases come out of sins. Even atheists would agree that the sinful acts(smoking, drinking, too much indulgence etc)  done during this birth would result in several types of diseases. ,

10-137-5 is about the wind born cure. Several patients carry oxygen cylinders for easy breathing. Hindus know from the early days that fresh, unpolluted air refreshes the body and mind. Maruts mentioned here are Wind Gods. Maruti (Hanuman, Anjaneya) is derived from this wind deity Marut.

10-137-6 is about the hydrotherapy; people use water to cure various diseases. This includes the holy dip in cold water, hot water springs and the springs with medicinal properties. Modern day spas are also included.

10-137-7  is about the ten fingers used to cure diseases. Those who believe in the human aura interpreted it as the magical vibration that passed to the patients. Those who don’t believe in such things interpret is as massage and acupressure.  We have already seen Acupuncture in the Bhisma’s Bed of Arrows. So here we may interpret it as Acupressure and Massage techniques with ten fingers. These are all part of Naturopathy.

All the Seven Rishis use nature as balms. Their soothing words will give psychological treatment to the patients. Placebo effect is great.

So I look at this hymn as a hymn on Naturopathy, Magical hand cure, Hydrotherapy, Meteorology and the Fresh air therapy which we get in hilly tourist resorts. ,


Long Live the Vedic Seers.



clay tablet with auspicious days

WRITTEN BY  London Swaminathan

Date: 10 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 18-52

Post No. 7326

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

constellation maps

‘Ancient Mesopotamia Speaks’ is a latest book (year 2019) on Babylonia. It is published by Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University. The Yale Babylonian collection with more than 40,000 clay tablets and seals is one of the most important repositories of Mesopotamian artefacts in the world.

The Mesopotamian writing system, known as Cuneiform, was invented in southern Iraq around 3500 BCE and remained in use for 3500 years. Scholars in the Western world believe that everything we have today came to us via Greece. Greeks took it from Babylonia and spread it to other parts of the world. Early Indian scholars also wrote that astronomy and astrology came to  Hindus from the Greeks. The blunder that they made was that they thought Vedic civilization came after Babylonian. But Hindus strongly believe that Vedas and other texts were from Pre Kaliyuga period. According to them Kaliyuga began in 3102 BCE. And this belief has been there for at least 1500 years according to archaeological evidence. According to Aihole inscription and Parthivasekara pura Tamil inscription Hindu dating of Kaliyuga and Vedas was correct.

Very interesting similarities are seen between the Hindus and Babylonians with regard to Time, Calendar and Almanac. I have found the following similarities in the book:

 horoscope of Aristocrates

1.Following Luni-Solar calendar for celebrating festivals; for instance Hindus celebrate some festivals on the basis of cycle of moon and others on the cycle of Sun. Babylonians did the same.

2.Because of the 11+ days of difference between the two cycles, an Intercalary Months was inserted every third year as the unlucky 13th month. Vedic scholars also did this and called it impure/dirty month (Mala Maatha). That is why 13 is considered impure, un lucky.

3.Horoscope writing was followed by both the cultures

4. Marking favourable and unfavourable days i.e. Auspicious and Inauspicious (Subha and Asubha Dinas)

5.Good days to make medicines and to take medicines. What part of the body is controlled by which zodiac sign. Though we have lots of things about these in Sanskrit scriptures, scholars believe that we borrowed them from the Babylonians through Greeks.

6.Movement of Venus and its effects on us. Hindu astrology linked movement of Venus and Jupiter with drought and harvest.

7.Even 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature has hundreds of astrological and astronomical remarks in Tamil verses.

Following statements in the book are interesting: –

“Babylonians had astronomical diaries marking the movements of celestial things on day today basis. Akkadian language mentioned them as ‘regular watching’.

lunar eclipse rituals 

Celestial divination is known to have been practised in Mesopotamia already in early second millennium BCE . The late first millennium BCE saw many significant developments in astrology, including schemes linking astronomical phenomena to the rise and fall of business. They applied astrology to medicine including associating signs of the zodiac to a wide range of aspects of life. In particular, we find an increasing interest in applying astrology to medicine , including associating signs of the zodiac with different parts of the body.

The most significant development within astrology, however, was casing the horoscope of a new born child. One of these horoscopes reads-

“Year 77 (of the Seleucid Era), on the fourth of the month of Simanu, in the morning of the fifth, Aristocrates was born. That day the moon was in Leo, the sun was in 12;30Gemini. (..) The place of Jupiter (his life) will be prosperous, at peace; wealth will be long lasting. Venus was in 4 degree Taurus. The place of Venus; he will find favour wherever he goes. He will have sons and daughters.”

Seleucid era began in 312 BCE.

My comments

This is how Hindu astrologers write horoscopes till this day. Seleucus Nicator was a commander in Alexander’s army and he occupied parts of Alexander’s territories after his death. When Selecus invaded India he was defeated by the mighty Hindu army of Mauryas and he made peace with Chandragupta Maurya by giving his daughter in marriage to him. So he might have taken this horoscope writing to Babylonia and not vice versa. Even the 12 zodiac sign system came to Babylonia very late. This also may be the contribution of Hindus. Before that they had some zodiac signs and not all the 12. Greeks spread it to the Western world.


SANKARA AND QUANTUM PHYSICS ஆதி சங்கரரும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸும்! (Post No.7305)


Date: 6 DECEMBER 2019

 Time in London – 8-29 AM

Post No. 7305

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.


ஆதி சங்கரர் கூறியவற்றிற்கும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் கூறுகின்ற கொள்கைக்குமான ஒரு ஒப்பீடு இதோ:

ஆதி சங்கரர் : உலகமே மாயை

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் : நாம் காணும் உலகமும் புலன்களால் உணரும் உலகமும் உண்மையல்ல; அவைகள் மனதினால் உருவாக்கப்பட்ட வெறும்

3 D உருவகங்களே.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ப்ரஹ்மம் சத்யா ;ஜகம் மித்யா  – ப்ரஹ்மமே இறுதியான உண்மை

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  அந்த பிரக்ஞையே உண்மை

ஆதி சங்கரர் : பிரம்மாண்டம் என்பதானது உருவாக்கப்பட்டு பரப்ரஹ்மத்தில் கரைந்துபோனது.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  அணுக்கள் ஒன்றோடொன்று இணைந்து கிரகங்கள், நட்சத்திரங்கள், வால்நட்சத்திரங்களாயின. பின்னர் சில காலம் கழித்து அவைகள் பிரிந்து பிரக்ஞையுடன் ஒன்றிப் போயின.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவாத்மாவானது ப்ரஹ்மத்திலிருந்து பிரிந்த ஆத்மனே தவிர வேறல்ல; அது பரப்ரஹ்மத்துடன் சேர்தல் வேண்டும், அதுவே மோட்சம்.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  ஒவ்வொருவரும் ஒரு காலத்தில் பிரக்ஞையின் ஒரு பகுதியாகவே இருந்தவர்கள், பின்னால் பிரிக்கப்பட்டனர். அவர்கள் பிரக்ஞையுடன் இணையவே வேண்டும்.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவன் (தன்னை) உணர்ந்து விட்ட நிலையில் அந்த நிலையே நிர்வாண நிலை. ஜீவன் அப்போது காலம் தேசம்,மனதிற்கு அப்பாற்பட்ட நிலையை அடைகிறது.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் : ஒருவன் பிரக்ஞையை ஆழ்ந்து உணர்ந்து விட்டால் அப்போது தேசம், காலம், மனம் எதுவும் இல்லை.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : ஜீவன், தன்னை உண்மை என்றே நம்புகிறான்; அது மனம் இருப்பதின் காரணத்தினால் தான்.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  மனதினால் ஏற்படுத்தப்பட்ட பிரமையே தனிநபரின் தன்மை என்பது.

ஆதி சங்கரர் : புலன்களால் ப்ரஹ்மம் உணரப்பட முடியாது, ஏனெனில் புலன்கள் ஒரு அளவுக்கு உட்பட்டவையே.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ் :  எல்லையற்ற தன்மை என்பது எல்லைக்குட்பட்ட ஊடகங்களால் புரிந்து கொள்ள முடியாத ஒன்று.

ஆதி சங்கரரும் க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸும் சொல்லும் கூற்றுக்கள் : 

நாம் எல்லோரும் ஒரே பிரக்ஞையில் இருந்து வெவ்வேறு அனுபவங்களை வெவ்வேறு கர்மாவினால் அனுபவிக்கிறோம். இறப்பு என்று ஒன்று இல்லை. வாழ்க்கை என்பது ஒரு கனவு தான். நாம் என்றுமுள்ளவர்கள். நீங்கள் அறிகின்ற (வாறு அந்த) உண்மை இருப்பதில்லை.

க்வாண்டம் பிஸிக்ஸ்  இன்று அறிந்திருப்பவை அனைத்துமே ஆதி சங்கரரின்அத்வைத தத்துவத்தின் ஒரு பகுதியே. அது வேதத்திலிருந்து பெறப்பட்டது. ஆதி சங்கரரை விட வேறொரு பெரிய விஞ்ஞானி இல்லவே இல்லை.

என்றுமே மாறாத உண்மையானது, சாதாரண மக்களால் கடவுள் எனக் கூறப்படுகிறது. பிரக்ஞை என விஞ்ஞானிகள் அதைக் கூறுகின்றனர். இறைசக்தி என நம்பிக்கையுடையோரால் அது கூறப்படும் போது, இயற்கை என நம்பிக்கையற்றவர்கள் (நாத்திகர்கள்) அதைக் கூறுகின்றனர்.

நாம் அனைவரும் ஒரே பிரக்ஞை தான்; ஆனால் நம்முடைய சொந்த செயல்களினால் வேறு வேறாகத் தோற்றம் அளிக்கிறோம்.

ஒரே வரியில் சங்கரர் இதை இப்படிச் சொல்கிறார்:-

ப்ரஹ்மம் சத்யம், ஜகத் மித்யா ஜீவோ ப்ரஹ்மைவ நாபர:

ப்ரஹ்மம் ஒன்றே சத்யம்; ஜீவன் ப்ரஹ்மனைத் தவிர வேறல்ல. இதுவே உள்ளார்ந்த அறிவை வெளிப்படுத்துகிறது.

விஞ்ஞானக் களமானாலும் சரி, உலகிற்கு அளித்த கொடைகள் பற்றி எடுத்துக் கொண்டாலும் சரி, ஆதி சங்கரரின் சுயநலமற்ற சேவைக்கு முன் எதுவும் ஈடாகாது.

சதாசிவ சமாரம்பாம் சங்கராசார்ய மத்யமாம் |

அஸ்மதாசார்ய பர்யந்தாம் வந்தே குரு பரம்பராம் ||

நன்றி :- ட்ரூத், கல்கத்தாவிலிருந்து வெளி வரும் வார இதழ் தொகுதி 87; இதழ் 30

22-11-2019 தேதியிட்ட இதழ்


ஆங்கிலத்தில் படிக்க விரும்போர் கீழே உள்ள மூலத்தைப் படித்து மகிழலாம் :-

Here is a Comparison between Adi Shankara and Quantum Physics.

Adi Shankaracharya : This world is (maya) an illusion. 

Quantum Physics : The world we see and perceive are not real, they are just 3D projections of mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Brahma sathya jagan mithya–Only the Brahman is the absulote reality

Quantum Physics: Only that conciousness is reality

Adi Shankaracharya :  The Brahamhanda created and dissolved again in to the para – brahman. 

Quantum Physics : The atoms bind together to make planets, stars ,comets and at some time later they dis-integrate and merge with consciousness. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Jivatma is nothing but a separated soul from Brahman. and has to strive to merge with Brahman called moksha. 

Quantum Physics : Everyone was once part of one consciousness later separated. And has to merge back to that consciousness. 

Adi Shankaracharya : When the Jiva becomes realised then it is the state of nirvana, the jiva beyond – time, space and mind. 

Quantum Physics : when someone deeply understands that consciousness then there is no time, no space and no mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Jiva feels he is real because of the presence of mind. 

Quantum Physics : Individuality is an illusion that is caused by mind. 

Adi Shankaracharya : Brahman cannot be realised through senses, because they are limited. 

Quantum Physics : Infinity cannot be understood with finite mediums. 

Adi Shankaracharya and Quantum Physics– We are all one consciousness experiencing differently subjectively (because of different karma). There is no such thing as death, life is just a dream. we are eternal beings. The reality as you know does not exist. 

What the entire Quantum physicists have understood is just a part of Advaita Philosophy of Adi Shankaracharya which is purely derieved from the Vedas. There exists none greater a scientist than Adi Shankarcharya. 

The unchanging reality is called God by common people, called consciousness by scientists, called energy by believers, called nature by disbelievers. 

We are all the same consciousness but appear differently because of our own actions. With a single line stated by Shankara

Brahma sathya jagat mitya, jeevo brahmaiva naapara”

 Brahman is the only reality, the living entity is not different from Brahman” that has revealed the inner most knowledge. 

Nothing can match Adi Shankara’ s selfless service in the field of science and contributions to the world. 

Sadasiva samaarambaam shankracharya madyamaam |

Asmadhaachaarya paryanthaam vande guru paramparaam ||


Thanks : Truth Weekly

Source : TRUTH VOL.87 NO. 30  Issue dated : 22-11-2019


Compiled  by London Swaminathan

Date: 8  NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 14-35

Post No. 7193

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000

Ancient Hindus used  many apparatuses in their chemical, medical and alchemical experiments and preparations. If anyone looks at the ancient medical books they will come across these yantras or devices.

Somadeva explains the following in his Sanskrit work –

Dola Yantram ,Svedani Yantram ,Patina Yantram ,

Adhaspartana Yantram ,Dheki Yantram ,Valuka Yantram ,Lavana Yantram ,Nalika Yantram ,Bhudhara Yantram ,Tiryakpatana Yantram ,Vidhyadhara Yantram ,Dhupa Yantram .

Please see the attachments for full description of the 12 devices.

source book

Big Guns of India- Longest and the Largest! (Post No.7182)

Largest Wheeled Cannon, Jaivana Cannon, Jaigarh Fort, Rajsthan, 20 feet long of Sawai Raja of Jaipur


Date: 5 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 18-42

Post No. 7182

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Kalauragi Cannon in Karnataka 29 feet long. (Longest in the World)

India is famous for its very big guns made up of iron, bronze and brass. India has the longest gun in Karnataka. The largest bronze gun is in Bijapur. Jaipur has the biggest gun with two wheels. We see big guns from 14h century. Who taught them to make such big guns? It is in ancient Sanskrit book called Sukra Niti. White people don’t want to give credit to India. So they said it was written after the guns came. As usual they placed cart before the horse!

Moghul emperor Aurangzeb had seventy guns mostly made up of brass. Some of these are so heavy and large and so they had to be drawn and moved about with the help of 20 yoke of oxen.

Bijapur cannon with dragon head


The story of the great gun of Agra is a sad story. Sitaram’s water colour painting shows that the unmounted huge gun lying in mud on the banks of river Jamuna. British Governor General Lord William Bentinck ordered to destroy it and sold it as scrap metal in 1833. It was a brass gun of 14 feet long and 22 inch in bore. A man could easily enter into it in a crouching position. Its weight was 1469 maunds.

Many of the Moghul brass guns were captured by the British and destroyed. It is written that 76 brass and 86 iron guns were seized at Agra by Lord Lake. 68 guns and mortars of brass, cast in India were also captured by him in Delhi. The British plundered India and used them for themselves or sent them to Britain.


According to Ferguson the largest piece of ordnance was the MALIK – I – MAIDAN GUN made up of bronze. It means Monarch of the Plain.Its composition was

80% copper and 20 % tin. Its length 14 feet 3 inches.

Diameter at mouth – 4 feet 10 inches. The muzzle is in the shape of a dragon. The manipulation and skill, involved in casting such a gigantic piece of bronze armament proves the skill of the workers in Ahmednagar in 1548.

Neogi in his book Copper in Ancient India lists other smaller guns as well.

P k Gode in his article ‘Use of Guns and Gun powder in India  from 1400 onwards gives evidence for use of guns in that period. Mahun, a Chinese traveller , visiting Bengal in 1406 mentions that guns were used in Bengal.

In memoirs of Babar also we find that he used guns and gun powder near Kanauj in 1528


Description of iron guns and cannons are found in the Sanskrit work SUKRA NITI written by  Sukracharya. If guns are foreign inventions, he would not have written it in Sanskrit. Moreover his book was written before Muslim rule. Sukraniti describes two varieties of fire arms -Kshudra nalika , small guns and

Brihad nalikas, large guns. He gives detailed description of these guns.

In Yuktikalpataru , another Sanskrit work of the 11th century, we find a list of places where swords are manufactured. Benares, Magadha, Ceylon, Nepal, Anga, Mysore, Surat and Kalinga are mentioned by the author.

Sarangadhara Paddhati , another Sanskrit work of 14th century, also gives the manufacturing towns-

Khatikattara,Rishi, Banga, Shurporaka,Videha,Anga

Madhyama grama, Bedidesha, Sahagram,Kalinjar.


The longest cannon is in Kalaburagi Fort in Karnataka. It is 29 feet long and was made during the Bahamani rule in the 14th century.(New Indian Express reported it in 2016)


2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature also mentioned shiny swords. Poetess Avvaiyar warned one king in a satirical poem, that your palace armoury has shiny swords and your enemy’s armoury has swords that are second hand, unpolished, used swords. She hinted to the king that you are inexperienced in war with newly manufactured  arms where as the other one has great experience in warfare.

Famous Guns of India

Following are the famous guns of Moghul Emperors scattered all over India:-

Their weights range between 30 and 47 tons;

The maximum length found was 31 feet;

Longest bore reaches about 1 feet 7 inches in diameter;

They are made up of iron;

Dacca , now in Bangladesh, had a gigantic gun weighing 30 tons. The weight of the iron ball used in it was 465 pounds. It has fallen into the river and disappeared. Venetian traveller Manucci mentioned it under the name ‘Kaley khan’.

There is a gun at Murshidabad, named

‘Jahan kosha’, meaning conqueror of the world, it has a length of 17-6 feet. Circumference 5-3 feet.

‘Landa kesab’ gun in Bijapur  was 21 feet 7 inch long; the weight of the gun is estimated to be 47 tons. In the same town another gun called ‘Farflier’ was 30 feet long.

Finally mention made here of the long gun of Gulbarga . It has got a double row of iron rings , ten on each side, by means of which the gun was possibly conveyed from one place to another.

–source book (with my inputs)

History of Chemistry in Ancient and Medieval India

P Ry, 1956

Gun in Bengaluru


My favourite film Guns of Navarone


Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 3 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 21-01

Post No. 7175

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Muslim invaders drove out Indian scholars to Tibet

Muslim invaders destroyed Buddhist monasteries of Udandapura and Vikramasila (In Bihar region) around 1200 CE. Many of the monks were killed and others fled to various countries. The learned Sakyasri went to Orissa and afterwards to Tibet; Ratnarakshita to Nepal;Buddamitra and others sought refuge in South India, While Sangama Srijnana with several of his followers went to Burma and Cambodia. And Buddhism became extinct in Magadha (modern Bihar).

Many emigrants from Magadha rejoined their brethren in the South and founded colleges in Vijayanagara, Kalinga and Konkan. The comparatively satisfactory condition of Buddhism in the Deccan about that time is attested by the rich donations to the monastery at Dambal.
Monks of the monasteries Udandapura and Vikramasila on their dispersion carried with them their arts and learning in the same manner as the Byzantine Greeks on their expulsion from Constantinople bore with them their intellectual treasures to the Italian cities. In the kingdom of Deccan and in Tibet the Buddhist refugees found hospitable asylums, just as the Greek philosophers found in the Florentine Republic under the Medici.

Tantric mysticism and alchemy were taught at the Universities of Nalanda, Udandapura and Vikramasila in Maghada and Central India and from thence it spread to Bhot ( Tibet) and to South India.

The Tantras found a home in China. Amoghavagra, a Brahmin converted to Buddhism, resided in China between 746 and 771 CE. He spread the science of supernatural powers, Siddhis, there.

In Tibet
Tibetan scriptures Kanjur (Kang- Gyur-The Translaation of the Word)) and Tanjur (Stan-ghyur-The Translation of the Treatises) ) were the Tibetan equivalent of Buddhist Tripitaka. Both represent an immense collection of works (108+224 Volumes) primarily translated from the Sanskrit and subsidiarily from the Chinese languages between the 7th and the13th centuries . These collections are of considerable value as most of their Sanskrit originals are either lost or now unavailable. The faithful accuracy of these translations and their fidelity to the original enable us often to reproduce the Sanskrit texts and thus provide us valuable historical data.

Tanjur, though a commentary of Kanjur (108 volumes) , is twice as large as the former and consists generally of 225 large volumes. Some parts of Tanjur are believed to date back to the seventh century, though the major portion was composed later. It is divided into two main classes Rgyud, corresponding to the Sanskrit Tantra and Mdo, corresponding to Sanskrit Sutra (Science and Literature).


Some five volumes of Tanjur are devoted to medicine and some others to astronomy or astrology. We are indebted to a great Hungarian scholar Csoma de Koros for his pioneering work on the study of these two famous encyclopaedic Tibetan scriptures. In his analysis of the contents of the Mdo, Csoma has mentioned a work on preparing quick silver, (mercury) described as the most powerful agent for subduing every sickness and for improving the vigorous of the body, as well as a work on turning base metals into gold.

Pandit Vidhusekhar Bhattacharya, in his article on Sanskrit Treatises on Alchemy as translated into Tibetan has discussed about four works and given more information. He gave the Sanskrit names of four treatises as

1.Rasa siddhi sastra
2.Dhatuvada sastra
3.Sarvesvara rasayana

Some of these works are translated into English.
The original Sanskrit texts of these works belong to eighth or ninth centuries. They are completely lost and fully depend upon Tibetan aand Chinese translation.

Rasa means mercury or quicksilver and Rasayana means Alchemy.

Source book – History of Chemistry in Ancient and Medieval India




Iron Pillar of Delhi
Iron Beams at Puri Temple


Date: 2 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-37

Post No. 7170

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Iron Beams at Konarak Sun Temple


Picture of Nine (Nava Graha) planets in dance drama
Nine Gems (Nava Ratna)

WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan

Date: 27 OCTOBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-53

Post No. 7146

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Number Nine is used in religion for its magical qualities. Hindus call their long hymns  ‘Sahasranama’ (1000 names) but in reality it is 1008 names. In the same way 108 names for shorter hymns. The added number will be magical Nine. Nine has some rare qualities which other numbers haven’t got. Look at the attachments for more information. It explains the way number NINE is used in different cultures.

Nava Ratri Dance ( Nava= Nine)

The list of Nine Siddhars is:

  1. Sathyanathar
  2. Sadhoganathar
  3. Aadhinathar
  4. Anadhinathar
  5. Vegulinathar
  6. Madhanganathar
  7. Machaendranathar
  8. Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar
  9. Korakkanathar



Surya-Sun- Suryanarkoil (Tamilnadu), Mathand (Kashmir), Konarak (Orissa)

Modhera (Gujarat)

Chandra- Moon-Tingalur(Tamilnadu), Tiruppati (Andhra)

Angaraka- Mars-Tirupparankundram, Palani

Budha-Mercury- Madurai temple

Guru-Jupiter- Tiruchendur temple

Sukra-Venus- Srirangam temple

Sani-Saturn-Tirunallaru (Tamilnadu)

Rahu- Ascending node- Sri Kalahasti (Andhra)

Ketu- Descending node- do-




Angaraka (Sevvai)









Manikkam (Ruby)

Maragataham (Emerald)

Vairam (Diamond)

Neelam (Sapphire)

Pushparagam (Topaz)

Vaduryam (Cat’s Eye)

Gomethakam (Onyx/Sardonyx)

Muthu (Pearl)

Pavalam (Coral)












Another tradition says 28 agamas:kamikam,yogasam,sinthiyam,karanam, asitham,diptam,sukshmam,sagasiram,amsuman,subrabedam,vijayam,niswasam,swayambuvam,agneyam,viram,rauram,makudam,vimalam,chandragnanam,mukalimbam,purorkitam,lalitham,sidhdham,Santhanam, sarvoktam,parameswaram,kiranam,vathulam.



Prahlada explains the nine Sadhanas (instruments) of Bhakti (devotion) to Hiranyakasipu in a sloka in Bhagavata. They are

Sravana- Listenig to devotional songs

Kirtana- Singing devotional songs

Smarana- Thinking of God

Padasevana- Going to temple/on pilgrimage

Archana- Worshipping God with flowers etc.

Vandana- Bowing to him and his devotees

Dasya- Becoming His slave

Sakhya- Treating God your companion

Atmanivedana- Offering yourself to Him

Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18, 108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas › 2011/11/26 › hindus-magic-numbers-18-108-…


26 Nov 2011 – Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008. By S Swaminathan. In Hinduism numbers have a lot of significance. In some places it is used as a …

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எண் 108 | Tamil and Vedas › tag › எண்-108


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23 May 2017 – எண் 108க்கு முக்கியத்துவம் ஏன்? (Post No.3933) … Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas.

To be continued

Nine Planets


WRITTEN by London swaminathan

Date: 7 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 18-19
Post No. 7069

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in and simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.