Lucky No.5’s Link to Literature!

kumara

Article No. 2060

Written by London swaminathan

Swami_48@yahoo.com

Date : 10  August  2015

Time uploaded in London :– 19-53

It is a strange co incidence that Sanskrit and Tamil scholars chose number Five to name their best five epics and minor epics.

sisupalavatam

(1) In Sanskrit the Five Great Epics (Pancha Maha Kavyas) are:

1.Raghuvamsam by Kaalidaasa

2.Kumaarasambhavam by Kaalidaasa

3.Kiraataarjuniiyam by Bhaaravi

4.Sisupaalavatham by Maagha

  1. Naisadacaritam by Sriharsa

silambu-book1

(2) Five Tamil Epics

In the same way Tamils also chose the best five epics and named them ‘Aim Perum Kappiyangal’ meaning Five Great Epics and they are

1.Silapadikaaram by Ilango

2.Manimekalai by Siltalai Saattanaar

3.Siivaka Cintaamani by Tirutakkatevar

4.Valayapati – Anonymous

5.Kundalakesi – Naadakuttanaar

Tamil language has Five Minor Epics as well:

bharavis-poem-kiratarjuniya-

(3) Five Tamil Minor Works

Chulaamani – anonymous

Niilakesi – Tolaamozitevar

Udayanakumaara kaaviyam -anonymous

Nagakumaara kaaviyam- anonymous

Yasodaa kaaviyam- anonymous

(4) Grantha Pancakam

Even the Advaita philosophy chose number five to name their five great works ‘Grantha Panchakam’. They are

1.Brahmasutra

2.Bhasya of Sankara

3.Bhamati of Vacaspati Misra

4.Kalpataru of Amalananda

5.Parimala of Appayya Diksita

brahma_sutra_bhasya_of_shankaracharya_idj504

(5) Restraint from Speaking

Even a medicine man like Charaka instructs us to restraint from speaking

1.Harsh words= Parusam

2.Excessive words = Atimaatra

3.Back biting = Suucaka

4.Untruth =Anruta

5.Untimley utterance = Akaalayukta

Parusasyaatimaatrasya suchakasyaanruthasya cha

Vaakyasyaakaalayuktasya dhaarayetvehamuttitham

-Charaka sutra 7-28

mahabhasya

(6) Five Types of Texts, Commentaries, Explanatory Notes

Sutra

Vrtti

Bhaasya

Vaartika

Tiikaa

-Mahaabhaasya (Prastaavanaa)

(7) Five Blemishes in Writing

Illegible = Akaanti

Contradiction = Vyaaghaata

Repetition = Punarukta

Ungrammatical usage= Apasabda

Misarrangement = Samplava

Akaativyaardhatah punaruktamapasabdah samplavaiti lekadosaah   –Arthasastra 2-10-57

-Subham-