17 Names of Kubera in Amarakosa

Kubera.
Kubera on Naravahana in Tala, Chattisgarh

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1372; Dated 26th October 2014.

Amarakosa is the world’s first dictionary cum thesaurus. It was written by Amarasimhan in Sanskrit. As usual the date of the work is uncertain. But in its current from it must have existed before seventh century. Tradition says that Amarasimha was part of Emperor Vikramaditya’s court. So it may be dated to first century BCE. Date is immaterial for such a scholarly work.

All Sanskrit students are supposed to memorize it. All the little children are asked to repeat every line of it in the class room for ten to 15 minutes every day. Sanskrit lesson starts with grammar and dictionary in the elementary school which is a world wonder!! Its other name is Namalinganusasanam. Amarakosa has

29 names for Brahma
46 names for Vishnu
52 names for Siva
21 names for Devi/Amba
8 names for Ganapathy
17 names for Skanda
35 names for Indra
34 names for Agni
14 names for Yama
15 names for Rakshasa/demons
5 names for Varuna
20 names for Vayu
17 names for Kubera
37 names for the Sun
17 names for Balarama
19 names for Manmatha
14 names for Lakshmi
18 names for Jina (Jain)
7 names for the Buddha

adilabad dt three legs
Kubera with three legs and eight teeth, Adilabad Dt.

Though the author was a Buddhist he gave Hindu gods more importancethan any other God by giving over 400 names of Hindu Gods. This is the first dictionary of synonyms. Over 2000 lines are there in Sanskrit. Several commentaries are written on it. Those who study the commentaries would become a master of Sanskrit language and Hindu religion.

I have already given the names of Indra and Agni. Let us look at the names of Kubera.

Kubera – one who has a vile body (ugly)
Trayambakasaka — Friend of Shiva, one who has three eyes
Yaksharat – king of Yakshas
Guhyakeswara – – one who keeps himself secret in the underground caves
Manushyadharma — one who follows morals of human beings
Danada: — one who gives wealth
Rajaraja:– king of kings
Danadipa: — lord of wealth
Kinnareswara: — lord of Kinnaras
Vaisravana – descendent of Visravas
Paulastya – belongs to Pulastya gotra
Naravahana: — carried by humans
Yaksha: — worshipful
Ekapinga: — looked at by the corner of Devi/goddess
Jadavida: — who came through Ida and Pingala or mother’s name Idavila
Sridha: — one who has Sri=Lakshmi
Punyadineswara: Lord of Punyajanas

kubera5buddhist
Biddhist Kubera

Garden of Kubera – Chaitra ratha

Children of Kubera: Nala kubara (Mayu raja) and Manigreeva (Varna kavi)
Daughter’s name: Minakshi
Wife’s Name: Charvi or Kaveri, daughter of Danava Mura.
Capital : Alagapuri in Kailash in the Himalayas
Plane owned by him – Pushpaka
Attendents – Kinnara, Kimpurusha, Thurangavathana: and Mayu:
Treasures held by him : Nidhi:, Sevadhi:, Bedha, Padmanidhi, Sanganidhi

Navanidhi of Kubera:Nine Kinds of Treasures
Mahapadma, Padma, Sankha, Makara:, Kachchapa:, Mukunda:, Kunda/Nanda, Neela, Kharba

Rattle_in_the_shape_of_Kubera,_India,_West_Bengal,_Chandraketugarh,_c._200_BCE,_terracotta,_HAA
2200 year old Kubera in West Bengal

Story of Kubera
Kubera was the half brother of Ravana, the Rakshasa king of Sri Lanka. Ravana drove him out and confiscated his Pushpaka airplane. Then Kubera migrated to Tibet in the Himalayas. Even Buddhists scriptures like Mahavamsa confirmed the presence of Yakshas in Sri Lanka. They were there even before Vijaya landed in Sri Lanka. And Vijaya’s first wife Kuvenna belonged to Yaksha race. This shows that there is historical information in Hindu mythology.

Mahabharata says that Kuvera (Kubera) was the son of Pulastya, but the sage being offended with with Kuvera for his adulation of Brahma reproduced the half of himself in the form of Visravas and had Ravana and other children.

He is the guardian deity of North. Hindus worship him when they install Yaga Kunda (Fire Pit). He is compared with Pluto, the God of Underworld in classical mythology.

stamp-of-yaksha
Yaksha Stamp of India

He is very short and with a big belly. He is decorated with lot of ornaments. He is also known as Mayuraja (King of Kinnaras), Ratna garba( Belly of jewels),Nara raja (King of men), Ichchavasu (who has wealth at will) and Isasakhi (Friend of Siva). In the Vedas (Atharva Veda and Satapata Brahmana) he is shown as chief of the evil beings or spirits. He is shown with a mongoose. He carries a money bag and a pomegranate. He is worshiped by the Jains and Buddhists as well. Hindus always identify him with wealth. He is proverbial for anyone with wealth.

Hindus worship Kubera with magic square of numbers (Yantras) and mantras.

Japanese also worship Kubera as Bishomonten. Japanese god of rice Daikoku also looks like Kubera. Kubera figures are found in Thailand and other countries.
nepal
Kubera in Nepal

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