Why do Hindus Worship Vanni /Shami Tree on Vijaya Dasami Day? (Post No.3242)


Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 11 October 2016


Time uploaded in London: 20-19


Post No.3242


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.


Contact swami_48@yahoo.com



Hindus are the most Nature-loving people on earth. They worship trees, rivers, animals, Birds and even insexcts lie ants. For every creature they have a story in their vast literature. Of all the tress the Ficus genus is the most loved and revered. Ficus Indica (Banyan Tree), Ficus Religiosa (Peepal tree/Asvatta Tree) and Ficus Udumbarata (Fig Tree). Bilva Tree, Badari Tree, Neem Tree, Mango Tree, Sami (Vanni) Tree , Tulsi Plant, Dharba Grass, Arka Grass and lot of Sthala Vrkshas (Temple Trees in South India) are also worshipped by the Hindus.most of the fragrant flowers are used in the religious rituals.


Of all the trees Vanni (Prosopis cineraria) has a special significance like the Asvatta Tree. The story of vanni tree is found in the Mahabharata. Following this tradition, Hindus do Puka to Vanni Tree. The Story is as follows:–


Arjuna, one of the Fiva Pandavas,had buried his weapons under the vanni Tree during his stay in the forest. He had to go to forest for 12 years along with his four brothers and in addition to 12 years he had to live incognito. Arjuna had won celestial weapons from Lord Siva by his austerities.


While in exile they all entered the palace of King Virata as servants. Arjuna disguised as a eunuch, taught music and dancing. The other brothers took suitable jobs according to their inherent skills. Princess Draupadi became a waiting woman in the same palace.


King Virata was troubled by cattle radis. Duryothana tried this trick to find out whether the Pandavas are actually living there. He would have got information through his spies to this effect. The enemies descended on the Kingdom of Virata while he was absent. Arjuna went into fight as a charioteer to the king. But before going to fight he dug out the buried celestial weapons from under the vanni Tree. Naturally with such weapons, he routed the enemies and rescued the cattle. Arjuna then took a vow to worship the Vanni tree every year.


Goddess Aparajita (Durga) is worshipped under this tree.



Tiruvanmiyur near Chennai has Vanni Tree as Sthala Vriksha (see the  picture)

On the Vijaya dasami day, Goddess killed the demon Mahisa Asuran. On that day Hindus worship Sami Tree with the following Sloka:-


Samii samayamepaapam , sami satru vinaasini, Arjunasya Dhanurdhari Ramasya priyadarsini.

Samim kamalapatrakshim, samim katadharinim arohatu samim lakshmim, nrunam ayushya vardhanim.

Namo visvasa vrksaya partha sastra dharine, twattaha vrata pradichyami, sada vijayatapava.


Dharmatma satya santasca ramodasatiryathi, paurusesha prati dwantvam saranamjahiravanim


Amangalaya samanim, duskrtasya nasinim, dus swapnaharinim tanniyam, prapatti moham shamim subham.


And then finished with the Palasruti (benefits received by the Puja) under the tree.

Vanni (Sanskrit: Vahni) means Agni/Fire. This indicates the energy given by the tree. In Tamil Nadu Lord Ganesh is seated under the tree. There is one Ganesh temple inside Madurai Meenakshi Temple.


Vannia Community of tamil Nadu, Bishnoi community of Rajasthan worship this tree. It has got many medicinal properties.






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