Was Kalidasa a Poet cum Scientist? (Post No.3439)

Research Article Written by London swaminathan


Date: 11 December 2016


Time uploaded in London:- 20-15


Post No.3439



Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.


contact; swami_48@yahoo.com


Kalidasa is the most famous poet in Indian literature. He is given this status for his literary merits. He has used about 1200 similes and imageries in his seven Sanskrit works. His drama Sakuntalam is one of the best dramas in world literature. He is known as Kavikula Guru. He lived in the first century BCE and I have also confirmed this date through Sangam Tamil Literature where his 200 plus similes were used by the  Sangam Tamil poets (please see my earlier posts for the dating). But there is another side of Kalidasa which is not realised and recognised by many. Kalidasa was an all-rounder. He had amazing knowledge in various subjects from Astronomy to Zoology. He had encyclopaedic knowledge.


The most amazing thing is that he talks about aeroplanes flying by thought power and he describes a pilot’s experience and he talks about three different flight paths. The next amazing thing is that he knows cartography and geography which is seen in his description of the 1500 mile long Himalaya as the “measuring rod of earth”.

How did he know it unless he has flown over it or seen it from a space vehicle?

How did he explain a pilot’s landing experience which is experienced only by trainee pilots?

How did he know that there are different flight paths up above us?

Here is a list of the subjects he dwelt with in his seven works:–

AS – Abinjana Sakuntalam

Meg- Megadutam (PM- Purva mega, UM -Uttara mega)

Rv – Raghuvamsam

VU- Vikramaorvasiyam

MA- malavikagnimitram

RS – Rtusamharam

KS- Kumarasambhavam


Aeroplane Technology

Sakuntalam Act 1—9 (Read my article: Did Kalidasa fly in a space shuttle? Posted on 12 Sept.2014)

Sakuntalam Act 7—7/10; Ks2-45;Rv 13-68;13-76;13-79;14-20

Flying Balloons

Rv 16-68

Air Ways (3 levels of flight paths)

Flight path Rv 13-18, 13-19



Rv 18-3; AS 2-15; Rv 1-30; Rv 17-64


Animal Intelligence

AS 4-20; 6-4; 6-24; 6-32 Rv 6-46; 8-39; 1-51; 5-7; 9-57;13-25

Swan separates water and milk: AS 6-28;KS 1-30




Milky way: Rv 13-2; 1-78; KS 4-37;1-28; Rv 12-85

Chitra constellation Rv 1-46, 13-76, 17-35 pole star 18-34;

Comet KS 2-32; AS 4; Mars vu 5-3

Pusya star Rv 18-32;

Venus KS 3-43;

Stars KS 2-19; RV 7-2;

Meteor Rv 16-83; 14-53;

Algol/Arundhati in Ursa Major Constellation: Rv 1-56

Rohini and Moon:AS 7-22; 3-12; VU 3-4; RV 14-40

Bird migration –

Kalidasa’s references of swan, cranes and Himalayan geese: Mega. 11,23, 59, 70,81.

Vikra. IV 2,3,4,6,20;31,32,33,3441,54

BIRD MIGRATION :Vikra IV 14 to 17

Kumara. 1-30 (Hamsa mala)

Ragu. IV 19,VIII 59, XIII-33, XVI 33, 56, XVII-75


Rv 1-41



Meg 2-39; Meg.111;  Rv 8-92; 10-60/64;12-76; 19-22.

Eastern concept of dreams is different from Freudian and Jungian theories


Foreigners’ appearance-

Yavanas Rv.9-63; 4-61; MA 5, VU 5-3,4



Geography and Geology

KS 1-10 (Description of the beautiful Himalayas)

Sub marine Fire (Vadamukagni/Badava:- AS 3-3; Rv 9-82; 11-75; 13-4;13-7.

Lot of references about rivers, especially Ganga and Yamuna


Iran to Indonesia: Kalidasa had a good knowledge of  the countries between Iran and Indonesia. He is very descriptive of the people, its cultures and the geography of the land. We can read about the honeycomb like beards of Persian soldiers and the spices of Indonesian islands.




Cat’s eye RS 2-15; Coral  RS 6-16; Conch shell RS 3-4; Crystal Purva Megam 54; Emeralds/Rubies-Rv 13-53; Gems-PM 15, KS 1-38, KS 5-43, KS 5-45, Rv 1-4, Rv 3-18, Rv 10-30, Rv 11-59, Rv 11-68, RV 17-63, VU 2-99, MA 5-18, AS 2-7, AS 2-10, AS 6-6, Sapphire Rv 18-42; Pearl Rv 6-7, UM 46, KS 1-44, KS 3-53, KS 6-6KS 7-89, Rv 6-28, Rv 9-44,Rv 13-54, Rv 16-18; Rubies KS 3-53; Sun stone Rv 11-21; Moon stone VU 5-11; Ivory PM 62

Magnifying Glass (Lens)

Sun stone Rv 11-21; AS 2-7

Nagaratna (Cobra Jewel)

KS 2-38, 5-43; RV 13-12, 6-49, 11-59, 11-68, 17-63, 10-7, 13-12, 17-63

RS 1-20,



UM 15; Rv 7-4;



Magnet –

Rv-18-63; KS 2-59;


Marine Trade

Rv 1-5, 30; 3-28; 9-14;16-4; AS 6-24; Meg.8;

Import of cloves 6-57

Metallurgy –


Rv 14-33;


RS 1-26, PM -40, KS 3-53, KS 6-55, Rv 6-79, Rv 9-54, Rv 17-46, MA 2-9.


RS 3-4


Rv 7-68


Flora and Fauna

whales Rv 13-10

Innumerable references

Bio Luminescent Plants-

KS 1-10; Rv 9-70

Environmental concern

Don’t Cut even a poisonous tree

KS 2-55


Human psychology

Advice to newlyweds: AS 4-20; 4-21;4-22



Tourist Guide

Kalidasa is the first Tourist Guide in the world. His Meghaduta descrbes a vast landscape methodically from Central India to the Himalayas.


Tourist Guide Book

Meghaduta is the first Tourist guide in the world. In Raghuvamsa also Kalidasa gives a description of the landscape in the flight path from Si Lanka to Ayodhya.




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