Three Layers in Rig Veda (Post No.5509)

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 5 October 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –18-47 am (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5509

 

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Purushottam Lal Bhargava in his book ‘India in the Vedic Age’, published in 1956, made the following interesting remarks

Pre Divodasa-Sudan’s Rishis/seers
On examining the hymns, we find that those of them, which are attributed to rishis (seers) who are known to have lived before these kings never mentioned, while the hymns ascribed to rishis who are known to have been the contemporaries of Divodasa and Sudas or to have lived later, often mentioned their names.

 

Thus the rishis,
Chyavana
Kavi
Usanas
Avatsaara
Devala
Asita
Budha
Archananas
Andhiigu
Naabaananedhista
Vatsapri
Brihaspati
Samvarta
Diirghatamas
Saaryaata
Nahusa
Yayaati
Maandhaatri
Trsadasyu
Vasumanas
Tryaruna
Puuru
Suhotra
Ajamiidha
Pratardana
Sivi
Mudgala and
Kusika
Lived earlier than Divodaasa and Sudaas and never mentioned the kings names.

xxx

Second Layer
Purukutsa and Trsadasyu
The names of these two famous Vedic kings are mentioned in many hymns, but never in those rishis who lived before them. Sobhari was a contemporary of Trsadasyu. The hymns ascribed to him never mentioned Divodasa and Sudas’.

xxx

Third Layer
Contemporaries of Divodasa and Sudas’s, besides mentioning the names of these kings also often mentioned the names of the Purukutsa and Trsadasyu.
Vasistha, who was a contemporary of Sudas mentioned the name of Sudas and Trsadasyu.

Rishis who were joint authors of hymns are known from other sources to have been contemporaries.
Thus a rishi Manu Samvarani is the joint author of hymn 9-101,with kings Nahusa and Yayati, which means he was their contemporary, and this is borne out by hymn 10-61 in which Nabhaanethista speaks of his father Manu Samvarani being held in high esteem by the princes Yadu and Turvasa, the sons of king Yayati.

Similarly Kutsa Angirasa is the joint author of hymn 9-97 with Vasistha and his sons which means he was their contemporary and this is borne out by the mention of Sudas IN HYMN 1-112 ATTRIBUTED TO KUTSA.

Again hymn 10-179 is ascribed to three kings Sivi, Vasumanas and Pratardana and these were contemporaries according to Puranas.

 

Judging from the names of authors, the oldest among the books of Rig Veda seems to be Book 5, attributed to ancient Atri family, though it does not mean all the hymns in the book are equally ancient.

Rig Veda has Ten Books or Mandalas

See the attachments for the chronology:

 

 

–subham–

 

 

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