Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 6 December 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London – 16-05

Post No. 5745

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We have completed five chapters so far. Now let us look at the sixth chapter of Manava Dharma Shastra or Manu Smrti

My Comments

1.This whole chapter is about the Forest Life of Hindus i.e Vanaprastha Stage, third in the Four Stages of a Hindu’s life.

We have examples for it in Mahabharata (Pandu and Madri), Ramayana (Sabari and seers), Puranas (Gautama,Ahalya) and Kalidasa’ works (Kanva).

2.This explodes the Aryan Migration theory because this concept of Four Stages of life and Four Goals of Life are not seen in any other culture in the world. This shows that all the writings about migration is ridiculous.

Manu’s genius and generosity are reflected in this chapter.

3.Walking towards death is in the last chapter of Mahabharata.

Sangam Tamil Literature book Purananuru, which is 2000 year old confirms it. There a poet who came to die by fasting was sent home saying ‘come after getting a child’. See Manu’s sloka No.31and 37

Purananuru has fast unto death facing North; see Manu sloka No.31

4.Manu lived during Rig Vedic age. May be 4000 to 6000 years before our time. The current updated and interpolated version is dated 300 years before Christ. What Manu said before Valluvar (Tamil poet) Christ is a proof of Indian Thinking (See Sloka No. 8, 40, 47, 48)

Since Jesus came to Indian Himalyas between his age 13 and 33 to study under the seers (Bible is silent about these youthful years of Jesus), he might have learnt Manu’s Code or in general Hindu scriptures.

5.Manu’s expression about SEVEN gates cannot be explained by any commentator. That shows Manu’s code was very very old (See sloka 48)

6.Manu says no to Astrology and Palmistry (see sloka 50). His No to astrology and plamistry, at least in the forest life, is an evidence to his honest approach.

7.Manu’s strictness about forest life- No House, No Gifts, No staying inone place but wander and wander alone, skin dress,three baths a day, only one meal a day, all the fire rituals, No cultivation but forest produce only, environmental concern about preserving Honey bees (No honey) etc are proof for Manu’s genius.

We are reminded of Tennyson’s lines……

To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield’: Tennyson, –‘Ulysses’

To seek Brahman and not to yield is Manu’s motto

8.Saints did miracles with animals because their adrenaline prodction was same even when they saw wild animals and snakes. So they never harmed the saints. See sloka 40.

9.This chapter gives a severe blow to bluffing about Aryans coming from outside. Hindus are the sons of the soil. They are born here and their thinking developed in this land. When we look at the same period around the world, we see primitive thinking in other parts. Pliny the Elder’s encyclopedia of first century CE is a proof for their primitiveness. If at all we see some high thinking in Socrates or Plato,that is due to their acquaintance with the Upanishads.

Here is the frist 50 slokas…………………….


6-1. A twice-born Snataka (Vedic graduate) , who has thus lived according to the law in the order of householders, may, taking a firm resolution and keeping his organs in subjection, dwell in the forest, duly observing the rules given below.

2. When a householder sees his skin wrinkled,and his hair white, and. the sons of his sons, then he may resort to the forest.

3. Abandoning all food raised by cultivation, and all his belongings, he may depart into the forest, either committing his wife to his sons, or accompanied by her.

4. Taking with him the sacred fire and the implements required for domestic sacrifices, he may go forth from the village into the forest and reside there, duly controlling his senses.

Only Vegetarian

6-5. Let him offer those five great sacrifices according to the rule, with various kinds of pure food fit for ascetics, or with herbs, roots, and fruit.

No Shaving!

6-6. Let him wear a skin or a tattered garment;let him bathe in the evening or in the morning; and let him always wear his hair in braids, the hair on his body, his beard, and his nails being unclipped.

7. Let him perform the Bali-offering with such food as he eats, and give alms according to his ability; let him honour those who come to his hermitage with alms consisting of water, roots, and fruit.

No gifts

6-8. Let him be always industrious in privately reciting the Veda; lethim be patient of hardships, friendly towards all, of collected mind, ever liberal and never a receiver of gifts, and compassionate towards all living creatures.

9. Let him offer, according to the law, the Agnihotra with three sacred fires, never omitting the new-moon and full-moon sacrifices at the proper time.

10. Let him also offer the Nakshatreshti, the Agrayana, and the Caturmasya (sacrifices), as well as the Turayana and likewise the Dakshayana, in due order.

11. With pure grains, fit for ascetics, which grow in spring and in autumn, and which he himself has collected, let him severally prepare the sacrificial cakes (purodasa) and the boiled messes (karu), as the law directs.

12. Having offered those most pure sacrificial viands, consisting of the produce of the forest, he may use the remainder for himself, mixed with salt prepared by himself.

Forest Produce

6-13. Let him eat vegetables that grow on dry land or in water, flowers, roots, and fruits, the productions of pure trees,and oils extracted from forest-fruits.

Things to be Avoided

6-14. Let him avoid honey, flesh, and mushrooms growing on the ground or elsewhere, the vegetables called Bhustrina, and Sigruka, and the Sleshmantaka fruit.

ie. Andropogon Schoenanthus

Moringa Pterygosperma

Cordia Myxa

6-15. Let him throw away in the month of Assassinate food of ascetics, which he formerly collected, likewise his worn-out clothes and his vegetables, roots, and fruit.

16. Let him not eat anything grown on ploughed land,though it may have been thrown away by somebody, nor roots and fruit grown in avillage, though he may be tormented by hunger.

17. He may eat either what has been cooked with fire, or what has been ripened by time; he either may use a stone for grinding, or his teeth may be his mortar.

18. He may either at once after his daily meal cleanse his vessel for collecting food, or lay up a store sufficient for month, or gather what suffices for six months or for a year.

One meal a day!

6-19. Having collected food according to his ability, he may either eat at night only, or in the day-time only, or at every fourth meal-time, or at every eighth.


6-20. Or he may live according to the rule of the lunar penance Candrayana, daily diminishing the quantity of his food in the bright half of the month and increasing it in the dark half; or he may eat on the last days of each fortnight, once a day only, boiled barley-gruel.

21. Or he may constantly subsist on flowers, roots, and fruit alone, which have been ripened by time and have fallen spontaneously, following the rule of the Institutes of Vikhanas.

Vaikhanasas= Diggers who dig for roots

22. Let him either roll about on the ground, or stand during the day on tiptoe, or let him alternately stand and sit down; going at the Savanas at sunrise, at midday, and at sunset) to water in the forest in order to bathe.

Five Fires

6-23. In summer let him expose himself to thereat of five fires, during the rainy season live under the open sky, and in winter be dressed in wet clothes, thus gradually increasing the rigour of his austerities.

Three Bathing a Day

6-24. When he bathes at the three Savanas (sunrise, midday, and sunset), let him offer libations of water to the manes and the gods, and practising harsher and harsher austerities, let him dry up his bodily frame.

25. Having reposited the three sacred fires in himself, according to the prescribed rule, let him live without a fire, without a house, wholly silent, subsisting on roots and fruit,

26. Making no effort to procure things that give pleasure, chaste, sleeping on the bare ground, not caring for any shelter, dwelling at the roots of trees.

27. From Brahmanas who live as ascetics, let him receive alms, barely sufficient to support life, or from other householders of the twice-born castes who reside in the forest.

28. Or the hermit who dwells in the forest may bring (food) from a village, receiving it either in a hollow dish of leaves, in his naked hand, or in a broken earthen dish, and may eat eight mouthfuls.

29. These and other observances must a Brahmana who dwells in the forest diligently practise, and in order to attain complete union with the supreme Soul, he must study the various sacred texts contained in the Upanishads,

30. (As well as those rites and texts) which have been practised and studied by the sages (Rishis), and by Brahmana householders, in order to increase their knowledge (of Brahman), and their austerity, and in order to sanctify their bodies;

Walk towards NE till your body falls

6-31. Or let him walk, fully determined and going straight on, in north-easterly direction, subsisting on water and air, until his body sinks to rest.

32. A Brahmana, having got rid of his body by one of those modes practised by the great sages, is exalted in the world of Brahman, free from sorrow and fear.

6-33. But having thus passed the third part of a man’s natural term of life in the forest, he may live as an ascetic during the fourth part of his existence, after abandoning all attachment to worldly objects.

34. He who after passing from order to order,after offering sacrifices and subduing his senses, becomes, tired with giving alms and offerings of food, an ascetic, gains bliss after death.

35. When he has paid the three debts, let him apply his mind to the attainment of final liberation; he who seeks it without having paid his debts sinks downwards.

36. Having studied the Vedas in accordance withthe rule, having begat sons according to the sacred law, and having offeredsacrifices according to his ability, he may direct his mind to the attainmentof final liberation.

You must Marry and beget Sons

6-37. A twice-born man who seeks final liberation, without having studied the Vedas, without having begotten sons, and without having offered sacrifices, sinks downwards. (will go to hell)

38. Having performed the Ishti, sacred to the Lord of creatures Prajapati, where he gives all his property as the sacrificial fee, having reposited the sacred fires in himself, a Brahmana may depart from his house as an ascetic.

39. Worlds, radiant in brilliancy, become theportion of him who recites the texts regarding Brahman and departs from hishouse as an ascetic, after giving a promise of safety to all created beings.


6-40. For that twice-born man, by whom not the smallest danger even is caused to created beings, there will be no danger from any quarter, after he is freed from his body.

No Mobile Phone, No Internet

41. Departing from his house fully provided with the means of purification Pavitra, let him wander about absolutely silent, and caring nothing for enjoyments that may be offered to him.

42. Let him always wander alone, without any companion, in order to attain final liberation, fully understanding that the solitary man, who neither forsakes nor is forsaken, gains his end.

No House, Sky is the Roof

6-43. He shall neither possess a fire, nor a dwelling, he may go to a village for his food, he shall be indifferent to everything, firm of purpose, meditating and concentrating his mind on Brahman.

44. A potsherd instead of an alms-bowl, the roots of trees for a dwelling, coarse worn-out garments, life in solitude and indifference towards everything, are the marks of one who has attained liberation.

Wait for the Appointed Time

6-45. Let him not desire to die, let him not desire to live; let him wait for his appointed time, as a servant waits for the payment of his wages.

46. Let him put down his foot purified by hissight, let him drink water purified by straining with a cloth, let him utter speechpurified by truth, let him keep his heart pure.

Did Jesus study Manu Smrti?

Did Jesus Copy Manu?

6-47. Let him patiently bear hard words, let him not insult anybody, and let him not become anybody’s enemy for the sake of this perishable body.

6-48. Against an angry man let him not in return show anger, let him bless when he is cursed, and let him not utter speech, devoid of truth, scattered at the seven gates.

Various interpretations for 7 Gates

Seven Gates= five senses +mind+ sense of I

Seven Gates= 7 vital breaths in the head

Seven Gates = Permutation of the combination of 3 goals Dharmaa, Artha Kama

No one could explain it clearly.

49. Delighting in what refers to the Soul, sitting in the postures prescribed by the Yoga, independent of external help, entirely abstaining from sensual enjoyments, with himself for his only companion, he shall live in this world, desiring the bliss of final liberation.

No Astrology

6-50. Neither by explaining prodigies and omens, nor by skill inastrology and palmistry, nor by giving advice and by the exposition of theSastras, let him ever seek to obtain alms.

Tags– Forest life, Vanaprastha, Astrology, Manu and Jesus

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