0RANGE – A TAMIL WORD OR A SANSKRIT WORD? (Post No.10813)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 10,813

Date uploaded in London – –    5 APRIL  2022          

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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The Arab merchants introduced the name of Indian fruit Naaranga into European languages during their trade with European countries. The etymology of the word in English dictionaries traced it to Arab and then to Persian.

From the Arabs the Italians got ‘narancia’, the Spaniards ‘naranja’, the Portuguese ‘laranj’a and the French’ Orange’. In Sanskrit it appears in two forms

Nagaranga

Naranga

But no satisfactory etymological explanation is given in Sanskrit. So Gundert’s Malayalam dictionary traced it to Dravidian root. We know that ‘naar’ is fibrous substance. So people thought it is a fruit with fleshy , fibrous part inside. In Malayalam it is called naranna. But Gundert traced it to naar / to smell. People thought it went into Arab and then into Persian during Arab’s commercial intercourse with Malabar coast in Kerala.

Nāraṅga (नारङ्ग).—m. An orange tree, [Suśruta] 1, 209, 6.

But Wisdom library says it is in Susruta Samhita. He belongs to sixth century BCE. If it is correct then Oranage is not a Tamil word. Naranga may have smell/naarram in Tamil, Naranaga may have Naar/fibres inside but yet it is not found in early Tamil literature. But Susruta has it. Then it must be a Sanskrit word that travelled around the world via Arabic and Persian languages.

Further research is required to find the date of its occurrence in every language. As far as I know it is not in Sangam Tamil literature.

The citrus family is very big family with various fruits from lemon to orange.

orange

/ˈɒrɪn(d)ʒ/

Origin

A picture containing graphical user interface

Description automatically generated

late Middle English: from Old French orenge (in the phrase pomme d’orenge ), based on Arabic nāranj, from Persian nārang .

Following is from Wisdomlib. website

Nāraṅga (नारङ्ग).—m. An orange tree, [Suśruta] 1, 209, 6.

–subham–

tags- Orange, Naranga, Arab, Persian, Susruta, Tamil

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