Post No. 10,908

Date uploaded in London – –    29 APRIL  2022         

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This is part 2 of yesterday’s article.

The following write up proved that Indra was the first god and Azura Mazda of Parsis came later.

Sapta Sindhu was mentioned in Rig Veda and Zend Avesta as holy land. So Parsis first lived in India before going to Iran.

This also proved Hindus going out and not coming from anywhere else.

All except Hindus say they came from somewhere else.

In his book Vedic Religion and Culture, P L Bhargava writes,

Now it is universally admitted that the language of the Rig Veda reflects an older phase of Indo-Iranian language than the language of the Avesta. The religion of the Rig Veda also shows an older stage. This one example is suffice to demonstrate the greater antiquity of the Rig Vedic religion. The Deva is an Indo European word meaning god in all the other languages of the family; it is certain that it must have borne the same meaning in the earlier stage of the language of the Avesta also. On the other hand the word ‘Ahura’ , the Iranian form of Sanskrit ‘Asura’ is an epithet of the highest god in the Avesta but bears a derogatory meaning in most of the literature in India. Here also the evidence of Avesta shows that at an early stage of Indo Aryan language the word Asura must have borne the same meaning in which it is used in the Avesta.

The earlier stage in the history of the words ‘Deva and Asura’  is reflected in the Rig Veda in the greater part of which  both these words are used in a laudatory sense. It is thus proved beyond doubt that the religion of the Rig Veda is much closer to the religion of the Indo Iranian period than the religion of the Avesta. That being so , on the ground of chronology the greatest god of the Rig Veda rather than of the Avesta is likely to have been the greatest god of the Indo Iranian period.

The mention of Indra as a demon in the Avesta , however, clearly proves that it was his greatest popularity at an early period  which compelled Zoroaster  to take the drastic step of converting a god into a demon, for, thus alone people could be prevailed upon to forsake him. The analogous history of Indra in India fully establishes this conclusion.

Before concluding, we must examine one more point. The first chapter of the Vendidad enumerates sixteen holy lands created by the Ahura Mazda which were later rendered unfit for the residence of men i.e. the ancestors of Iranians on account of different things created there in by Angra Mainyu, the evil spirit of the Avesta. This clearly means the ancestors of the Iranians had lived turn by turn in all these lands before they finally settled in Iran and that is why they regarded them as holy. The first of these lands was of course Airyana vaijo which was abandoned by the ancestors of the Iranians because of severe winter and snow ; of the other lands one was H(S)apta Sindhu, the land of seven rivers.

Excessive heat created in this area by Angra Mainyu was, according to the Vendidad, the reason why the ancestors of the Iranians left this country. Now it is known to every student of the Rigveda the land in which the hymns of this work were composed were known as Sapta Sindhu. The Hapta Sindhu can be identified only with the Sapta Sindhu of the Rigveda. This leads to the inevitable conclusion that the period of the composition of earlier hymns of the stage of Rigveda was itself the Indo Iranian period when the ancestors of Indians and Iranians lived together before their final separation; those who do not agree with this must point out another country with seven rivers and excessive heat with which the Hapta Hindu of Vendidad can be identified.

—P L Bhargava

Xxx subham xxx

 Tags- SIXTEEN PLACES ,, PARSIS ,  IRAN , Holy places

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