Post No. 11,199

Date uploaded in London – 16 AUGUST 2022         

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In Sanskrit one can join words and form a compound word. This is unique to Sanskrit language and one of the wonders of the language.

Two words occupying  five lines is found in an inscription of a Chalukya king.

An Atharvana Veda pandit by name Pambeya Sarvottama has composed this in praise of king Sarvalokasraya. He was the son of Vishnuvardhana II and grandson of Indrabhattaraka . it is in Chendalur plates (Nellur district) dated 673 CE.

The two compound words in five lines run like this,




As far as I know, no one has explored the beauty of Sanskrit language in the inscriptions on stones and copper plates. We have materials available for at least two thousand years from Rudradaman (150 CE).

Apart from available materials, the inscriptions mention several plays, books, hymns and other stone inscriptions by the same author or king. They have all disappeared. One must  do a list of all those lost materials and I am pretty sure the list will cover many volumes. If put together they will show the largest corpus of literature comes from Sanskrit language.

Even the available 60,000 plus Tamil inscriptions use a lot of Sanskrit words. There is no book or inscription in Tamil language without Sanskrit words.



Here is another inscription from the copper plates of Maitraka king Silaaditya VII (747- 766 CE) of  Valabhi. Guru kulaputra was his minister; he was son of Hembata who was deputed by Siddhasena of royal family ; he composed the Alina copper plates. The record is in prose and very lengthy. It is written in a flowery language. The poet displays a good knowledge of grammar of Panini  for whom he used the word Saalaaturiiya .

His ingenious play on words on the ordinary and grammatical meanings of  Sandhi, Vigraha, and other grammatical terms deserve to be noted.  While describing the qualities of Dhruvasena II he speaks of him thus :

SandhiVigrahasamaasanischayanipunah sthaanaanuroopamaadesam dadataam

Gunavrddhividhaanajanitasamskaarasaadhuunaam raajyasaalaaturiiyatantrayorubhayorapi



Who being clever (on the one side) in determining peace and war and reconciliation (and on the other) in settling the euphonic joining of letters and the analysis of words and composition, was thoroughly well versed even in the rituals of  sovereignty and Saalaaturiiya

(Salaturiya was the birth place of world’s greatest grammarian Panini; now it is near Lahore in Pakistan)

Source Book: Sanskrit and Prakrit Poets known from Inscriptions, D B Diskalkar, Pune, 1993; with my inputs.


tags- compond word, Sanskrit Inscription, Guru Kulaputra, Siladitya

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